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New England families, genealogical and memorial; a record of the achievements of her people in...the founding of a nation (Volume 2) online

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ing it in 1781 to John Aldrich. He re-
moved to Greenfield, New Hampshire,
where he bought land of his brother-in-
law, Jonas Wallace, in 1791. He returned
to Easton soon afterward, was living
there in 1793, when his brother died, and
in 1794, when he sold his brother's farm;
but in 1796 he was living in Greenfield
again. He served five months in the Rev-
olution, and was a signer of the Associa-



395



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



tion Test in Raby (Brookline). His sons —
Israel, of Westmoreland ; Seth, of Spring-
field, Vermont, and Isaac, of Brookline —
quitclaimed their rights in his real and
personal estate in Greenfield to Jonas
Wallace, their uncle, who owned half the
farm, having sold one-half to George
previously ; this deed was dated January
17, 1816. George Woodward married, at
Townsend, Massachusetts, March 7, 1782,
Jane Wallace, daughter of Matthew Wal-
lace, granddaughter of John Wallace, of
Stowe and Townsend. Children: 1. Israel,
mentioned below. 2. Seth, born March
17, 1785 ; lived at Springfield ; married,
August 22, 1819, Edna Brown. 3. Isaac,
lived in Brookline.

(VII) Israel (3), son of George Wood-
ward, was born at Raby, now Brookline,
October 15, 1783, and died at Keene, New
Hampshire, October 2 or 26, 1843. He
went to Westmoreland, New Hampshire,
as early as 1807. He and Seth Hall, Jr.,
whose sister he married, were both cloth-
iers by trade, and together they bought a
mill privilege in Fitzwilliam, New Hamp-
shire, in 1807 and sold it two years later.
For a year or two he lived at Thetford,
Vermont, then bought a farm at West-
moreland, where he lived until about 1825,
when he removed to Swanzey and finally
to Keene. He married, March 1, 1810, at
Westmoreland, Deidama Hall, who was
born at Raynham, Massachusetts, Febru-
ary 15, 1791, died at Swanzey, New Hamp-
shire, July 23, 1863. Children, born in
Westmoreland: 1. Harmon, born Febru-
ary 27, 1811; died August 8, 1812. 2.
Diadema, born June 26, 1813; died at
Swanzey, October 15, 1830. 3. Francis
Gardner, mentioned below. 4. Roswell
Shurtleff, born October 23, 1817; married,
November 18, 1845, m Canandaigua, New
York, Electa Truesdell ; died there No-
vember 22, 1887 ; for many years he con-
ducted a custom tailor and men's furnish-



ing business in Canandaigua. 5. Gilman,
born at Swanzey, September 23, 1825 ;
date and place of death unknown to fam-
ily. 6. George Frederick, born in Swan-
zey, September 3, 1827 ; died there Au-
gust 8, 1830. 7. Franklin, born in Swan-
zey, May 18, 1837; died in Keene, Decem-
ber 19, 1839.

(VIII) Francis Gardner Woodward,
son of Israel (3) Woodward, was born in
Westmoreland, New Hampshire, August
1, 1815, and died in Worcester, Massa-
chusetts, January 12, 1890. When he was
ten years old the family removed to Swan-
zey, New Hampshire, to what was known
as the "factory village." He attended the
public schools of his native town and in
Swanzey, and was graduated from the
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy,
New York, class of 1839, receiving the
Mechanical Engineer degree. He served
apprenticeship to the gunsmith trade in
the shop of John C. Mason, of Keene, New
Hampshire, which business he afterwards
acquired and conducted on his own ac-
count for several years previous to his re-
moval to the city of Worcester, Massa-
chusetts. In Worcester he was for a
number of years superintendent of the
William A. Wheeler Engine Company,
located on Thomas street — one of the
largest establishments for the manufac-
ture of locomotive and stationary engines
in New England at that time. He en-
gaged in business on his own account
somewhat later as a manufacturer of iron-
working machinery, and was located for
the full period of his active business
career, first on Beacon street, near Jack-
son, and later in the Merrifield building
on Cypress street.

Mr. Woodward had quite unusual me-
chanical skill, with inventive genius of a
high order. He secured letters patent for
a railroad switch (1849) which was in use
for many years on the Norwich & Worces-



396



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



ter road, as well as on other railroads in
the western and southern sections of the
country. In 1859 he received patents for
a sewing machine. He invented one of
the first breech-loading rifles (1862), and
was especially prolific in his improve-
ments for steam engines. He retired from
active business twenty years before his
death, and it was during this period of
comparative leisure that his inventive
skill and literary tastes found their most
practical expression. He was a regular
contributor to the "Scientific American"
and other mechanical and scientific period-
icals. He had collected the only complete
set of the "Scientific American" known to
any private library ; these he had sub-
stantially bound and late in life presented
them to the Worcester County Mechanics'
Association, for which service he was
made a life member of that association.

Outside of business and professional
relations, Mr. Woodward's chief interest
was in his home and its social connec-
tions. He belonged to no clubs or social
organizations. In politics he was always
a staunch Republican. He attended the
Salem Street Congregational Church dur-
ing the whole period of his life in Worces-
ter. He married, December 12, 1843, at
Keene, New Hampshire, Mary Phillips
(see Phillips). Children: 1. Frank, born
September 5, 1844; died July 14, 1849. 2.
Infant, born May 21, 1848; died May 22,
1848. 3. Frederick, born October 30, 1849;
died November 6, 1850. 4. George, born
November 13, 1851 ; died September 26,
1875. 5. William, mentioned below.

(IX) William Woodward, son of Fran-
cis Gardner Woodward, was born in
Worcester, October 23, 1856, and was edu-
cated in its public schools, graduating
from the high school in 1874. The same
year he began his business career as clerk
in the Central National Bank of Worces-
ter. He was rapidly promoted to posi-



tions of larger responsibility, and in Janu-
ary, 1892, became cashier, filling that
office until the bank was absorbed by the
Worcester Trust Company in 1903. As
an officer of the Trust Company, in 1905
he took charge of the business of the
Allen-Higgins Company, manufacturers
of wall paper in Worcester, the owner-
ship of which came to the Trust Company
when the Citizens' National Bank was
absorbed by it. He served as president
and general manager of the paper com-
pany until its reorganization in 1907. This
business was subsequently taken over by
those active in its management, and Mr.
Woodward became treasurer of the new
organization, the Allen-Higgins Wall
Paper Company. Associated with Mr.
Woodward at the outset were the late
John C. Maclnnes, Albert E. Lyons and
Frederick Staib. The capital stock of the
company was $100,000. In 1916 the offi-
cers were : President, Albert E. Lyons ;
vice-president, Frederick Staib ; treasurer,
William Woodward ; secretary, Albert H.
Anderson.

Upon entering the manufacturing busi-
ness Mr. Woodward retired from bank-
ing, to which he had devoted more than
thirty years of his life. Under his man-
agement the wall paper company pros-
pered, showing a steady increase in its
business. The output more than doubled
during the two years following the re-
organization. A hundred hands are
usually employed at the factory in Green-
dale, and the product of the company is
distributed throughout the United States
and the Canadian provinces.

Mr. Woodward's success as a manufac-
turer is accounted for not alone by natural
ability, but by years of general business
training, study and investigation. When
he entered the banking business he be-
came a close student of financial and eco-
nomic subjects. For many years he was



397



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



a regular contributor to the "Bankers'
Magazine" and other financial journals.
In 1886 he published a monograph en-
titled "Our Future Money," in which he
considered the question of a proper basis
for paper money and for the gold and
silver currency. "A History of Massa-
chusetts Savings Banks," published in
1889, was an important work both from a
financial and historical point of view. He
contributed much to public information
on the subject of banking and finance in
lectures, from time to time, before various
societies and organizations. In February,
1902, he delivered a lecture on "The
Theory and Practice of Banking" in the
course of the Worcester County Me-
chanics' Association, and later before the
Unitarian Club and elsewhere. His pub-
lic addresses, however, have not been lim-
ited to subjects related to banking and
finance. He made a study of certain
phases of contemporaneous history, and
spoke from time to time on the South
African policy, the Armenian problem,
and other kindred and timely issues. For
many years he took an active part in the
Piedmont Literary and Social Union of
Piedmont Church.

Mr. Woodward has held many posi-
tions of private responsibility in the ad-
ministration of estates, and in charge of
special trusts. He is trustee and treas-
urer of the Home for Aged Women ; direc-
tor and treasurer of the Memorial Home
for the Blind, of which he was also one
of the founders ; trustee of the People's
Savings Bank; incorporator of the Home
for Aged Men ; a charter member of the
Worcester Economic Club, and an active
member of the Congregational Club, of
which he was also vice-president and
treasurer. For ten years and more he
has served the city of Worcester as a
commissioner of Hope Cemetery. In re-
ligious and charitable organizations he



has been prominent for many years. For
twenty years he was a director of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and
for two years its president and for three
years its treasurer. To the initiative of
Mr. Woodward and the secretary asso-
ciated with him were due the association
building on Elm street, the land for which
was purchased during his administration
and the building project started. At the
laying of the cornerstone he had the honor
of delivering the historical address. He
was for a number of years president of the
Worcester City Missionary Society, and
has served Piedmont church as deacon
and as a member of its standing commit-
tee for more than a quarter of a century.
For several years he was a director of the
Children's Friend Society.

Mr. Woodward has made a number of
unique collections of historical matter of
more than transient value. On the occa-
sion of the reunion of the early workers
of the Young Men's Christian Associa-
tion in 1908, he prepared a typewritten
memorial of the event, containing much
valuable historical data relating to the
early years of the organization, and pro-
fusely illustrated with portraits. It is a
veritable work of art, and is one of the
most treasured possessions of the associa-
tion. A similar and even more significant
volume was prepared and presented to the
association on the occasion of its fiftieth
anniversary in 1913. He compiled and
presented to Piedmont church a series of
twenty-five volumes containing very com-
plete record of all important events in the
church and among its membership, dur-
ing forty years of its history. Here are to
be found, fully indexed so as to be readily
accessible, newspaper clippings and other
printed matter relating to the various
activities of the societies of the church, to-
gether with obituaries, personal sketches
and social items — in short, a chronological
98



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



history of the society and of its member-
ship. These volumes are in possession of
the church and are accessible to the pub-
lic.

Mr. Woodward compiled three memo-
rial volumes relating to the life and work
of Senator George Frisbie Hoar, and most
elaborately illustrated. These volumes
were prepared immediately after the Sen-
ator's death, and contain most of the
eulogies delivered in the city, State and
nation, a full account of the obsequies in
Worcester and Concord, and a large col-
lection of unusual material relating to his
library, his collection of pictures and his
valuable antiques. These volumes were
later presented to Clark University, of
which Senator Hoar was president of the
board of trustees for many years. Alto-
gether it may be said without exaggera-
tion that Mr. Woodward has made ex-
tremely valuable collections of historical
material arranged in a characteristically
artistic and permanent form.

Mr. Woodward is a member of the
Worcester Society of Antiquity, of the
Worcester Chamber of Commerce, of the
National Association of Credit Men, of
the Sons of the American Revolution, and
is a trustee of Doane College, Crete, Ne-
braska. He was formerly a director of
the Wall Paper Manufacturers' Associa-
tion of the United States. In politics Mr.
Woodward has always been a Republican.

He married, September 6, 1883, Caro-
line Isabel Stone, of Auburn, Massachu-
setts, born June 30, 1S60, daughter of
Elisha" and Hannah H. (Perry) Stone.
Her father was descended from Simon
Stone, the immigrant at Watertown, Mas-
sachusetts (Elisha*, Nathaniel', Nathaniel,'
Jonathan', Jonathan', Jonathan', Simon',
Simon'). Her parents were married No-
vember 2, 1848, and had four children: 1.
William Frederick Stone, born February
16, 185 1 ; married Alary D. Shute, August



26, 1878. 2. Emma Cornelia Stone, born
April 12, 1855; married, September 6,
1883, Wallace A. Kendall, of Framing-
ham, Massachusetts. 3. Charles Arthur
Stone, born April 2, 1858, died September
15, 1915, in Worcester, Massachusetts. 4.
Caroline Isabel, mentioned above. The
daughters had a double wedding.

Mrs. Woodward is a member of the
Timothy Bigelow Chapter, Daughters of
the American Revolution, of the Worces-
ter Home Club, and of Piedmont Congre-
gational Church.

Children of William and Caroline Isa-
bel Woodward: 1. George William, born
May 25, 1885 ; graduate of Worcester
South High School ; student for two years
at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute,
and three years at Cornell University,
from which he graduated in 1809 with
first honors in the scientific department,
with Mechanical Engineer degree. After
graduating he connected himself with the
Rockwood Sprinkler Company of Worces-
ter, living in Wethersfield, Connecticut.
Married Lylian Weisner, of Hartford,
Connecticut, January 15, 1913. Has
daughter, Dorothy Stone, born May 2,
1916. 2. Walter Francis, born Septem-
ber 8, 1887 ; graduated at the Worcester
South High School; student at the Am-
herst Agricultural College ; associated in
business with his father; married, June
26, 1912, Helen L. Walden, of Northboro,
Massachusetts ; resides in Worcester. Has
son, Walden Francis, born October 26,
1915. 3. Ruth Phillips, born September
17, 1889; graduate of Worcester South
High School; married, September 1, 1914,
Alfred H. Wyman, of Worcester, gradu-
ate of South High School and of the
Young Men's Christian Association Train-
ing School at Springfield ; now superin-
tendent of welfare work in the Carnegie
Steel Works at Homestead, Pennsylvania;
resides at Munhall, Pennsylvania. 4.



3W



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Gladys Mary, born December 20, 1892;
graduate of South High School and of
Mt. Holyoke College in 1915 (Bachelor of
Arts degree). 5. Harold Stone, born July
15, 1899; student at South High School,
class of 1916; entered Worcester Poly-
technic Institute in 1916.

(The Phillips Line).

(I) Michael Phillips, the immigrant an-
cestor of the Rhode Island family, settled
in Newport, Rhode Island, where he was
living in 1668, when admitted a freeman.
He died in 1689. His widow, Barbara,
married Edward Inman. She and her sec-
ond husband joined in a deed, dated May
22, 1689, giving certain lands on the Paw-
tucket river to her sons John, James and
Richard Phillips. She declined adminis-
tration on the estate of her second hus-
band, August 26, 1706; she died the same
year. Children : John, William, James
(mentioned below), Richard, born 1667;
Joseph, died September 3, 1719; Alice,
died in 1702.

(II) James Phillips, son of Michael,
born about 1665-70, died December 12,
1746. He married (first) Mary Mowry,
daughter of John and Mary Mowry ; (sec-
ond) in November, 1728, Elizabeth Fos-
ter; she died in 1747. His name was on
the list of one hundred and seventy-two
persons over sixteen and taxable, August,
1688. His son John died September 8,
1688, and his estate was administered by
his brother Michael. James was of Smith-
field, September 7, 1733, when he deeded
to his son Jeremiah thirty acres which
had been given to him by his wife's father,
John Mowry. James deeded to his son
Joshua, August 19, 1743, a quarter of the
land on which his house stood. The ad-
ministration of the estate of James was
declined by his widow and given to his
son Michael, who presented receipts to
the town council, August 15, 1748, from



his brothers and sisters — Mary Stafford,
Samuel Phillips, Joshua Phillips, Jere-
miah Phillips, John Ballou, Jr., Phebe
Thornton, and from the widow Elizabeth
and her son, Charles Phillips. Children:
Michael; John; Jeremiah; Joshua, men-
tioned below ; Samuel ; Mary ; Phebe ;
Elizabeth. Child by second wife: Charles.

(III) Joshua Phillips, son of James,
was born about 1700. He lived at Smith-
field, as shown by wills and deeds, but
there are no records of his family in the
town vital records. He was living in
1748, but his name does not appear in the
census of 1774 at Smithfield. There is
every reason to believe, however, that
Joshua had a son of the same name.

( I V ) Joshua (2) , son of Joshua ( 1 ) Phil-
lips, was doubtless born at Smithfield, and
lived there until he removed to Hubbards-
ton, Massachusetts, where he was living
when the town was organized in 1767. He
was living in Smithfield as late as 1764,
with wife Freelove and seven children,
and in the same year bought land at Hub-
bardston. Four of his sons — Joshua,
Richard, Paine and Gideon — served in the
Revolution. Children: 1. Freelove, born
1749; married Nathan Stone. 2. Joshua,
mentioned below. 3. James, twin of
Joshua ; married Sarah Nourse, of Rut-
land. 4. Eseck, born 1752, killed at a
"framing" at Hubbardston, March 25,
1776. 5, Richard, born September 4, 1754,
lived at Dublin, New Hampshire. 6.
Paine, born November 7, 1763. 7. Gideon,
twin of Paine, lived at Roxbury, New
Hampshire.

(V) Joshua (3), son of Joshua (2) Phil-
lips, was born at Smithfield, about 1750.
He was a soldier in the Revolution, in
Captain Jotham Houghton's company,
Colonel Josiah Whitney's regiment, July
31 to September 13, 1778, on a Rhode
Island expedition ; roll dated at Peter-
sham. He married Anna , and the



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



following children were recorded at Rut-
land, Massachusetts: Esek, born May 19,
1777; Sarah, December 7, 1779; Leavitt,
mentioned below; Phebe, April 12, 1784;
Rhoda, January 15, 1786; Deborah, Sep-
tember 25, 1788.

(VI) Leavitt, son of Joshua (3) Phil-
lips, was born at Rutland, October 22,
1781, died September 13, 1827. He mar-
ried, June 12, 1803 (family record) (in-
tention dated April 6, 1803, at Rutland),
Mary Hinds, born July 15, 1783 (Corlis
(4) , John (3) , John (2) , James ( 1 ) Hinds) .
(See Hinds genealogy). Children: 1. Al-
mira, born March 16, 1804, at Rutland ;
died September 10, 1863 ; married, Sep-
tember 2, 1823, Artemas Nye ; lived in
Northfield, Massachusetts. 2. Anna Hill,
born February 19, 1806, at Rutland, died
November 13, 1900; married, February
26, 1828, Henry Nims. 3. James, born
July 27, 1807, at Rutland ; died in the
West; married, November 23, 1830,
Louisa Hinds. 4. Deborah, born April 27,
1809; died April 28, 1809. 5. Harvey,
April 26, 1810; died August 19, 1813. 6.
Leavitt, born October 2-j, 181 1 ; died Au-
gust 21, 1813. 7. Leavitt, born December
4, 1813 ; died September 13, 1827. 8. Sally,
born July 9, 1816, died December n, 1846;
married, October, 1844. 9. Infant, March
19, 1818 ; died March 21, 1818. 10. Harvey,
born March 21, 1819; died October 26,
1905. 11. Hiram, born September 9. 1821 ;
died August 22, 1840. 12. Mary Hinds,
born September 29, 1823 ; died October
7, 1893; married, December 12, 1843,
Francis G. Woodward (see Woodward).
13. Samuel, born August 11, 1826; died
September 12, 1828.



WILCOX, Marshall, LL. D.,

Lawyer, Legislator.



Williams College graduated in 1844 the
largest class in its history up to that
year. Thirty-three graduates received

MASS-V.I HI-26 4OI



their diplomas, representing nearly every
State in the Union, as then composed.
One of this class, numbering in its mem-
bership many eminent men who longest
survived, was Marshall Wilcox, Nestor of
the Berkshire county bar, a pillar of
strength in his profession, a man beloved
and honored by all who knew him. At a
reunion of the class of '44 called to meet
at the residence of Mr. Wilcox in Pitts-
field in June, 1905, but three members
could respond to the call — Rev. T. H.
Hawkes, of Springfield ; Dr. Calvin C.
Halsey, of Montrose, Pennsylvania, and
William B. Rice, former superintendent
of schools. These three, with their vener-
able host, Mr. Wilcox, were the survivors
of the class who sixty-one years earlier
had gone forth from Williams eager to
begin the battle of life, that as octo-
genarians in 1905 they lived again in
retrospect.

Wilcox is an ancient name in New
England and has been borne with honor
by many sons of the past and present, but
by none more worthily than by Marshall
Wilcox. Son of a merchant, he had every
opportunity to engage in mercantile life,
but his ambition was for the profession of
law and to that end his youthful energies
were bent. He achieved high reputation
in his chosen profession, the law annals
of Western Massachusetts proving his
connection with many of the most impor-
tant cases tried in the courts of that sec-
tion during his career as a trial lawyer.
He never sought public office, but con-
fined himself closely to the duties of his
profession, his service as a legislator in
both houses of the Massachusetts Legis-
lature, however, proving that what the
bar of his native State gained by his devo-
tion, the public service lost. He was
learned in the law, skillful in its applica-
tion, and a tower of strength to any cause
needing an advocate. He died at the age
of eighty-five years, full of honors and



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



generally recognized as one of the strong
men of his times.

Marshall Wilcox was born in Stock-
bridge, Massachusetts, March 19, 1821,
and died at Pittsfield, October 12, 1906,
son of Loring Wilcox, who was born in
Cromwell, Connecticut, spent a portion of
his life in Stockbridge, eventually becom-
ing a merchant of Lanesboro. After due
preparation in public and private schools,
Marshall Wilcox entered Williams Col-
lege, of which institution he was one of
the thirty-three graduates, class of '44.
Immediately after graduation he began
the real business of life to which his pre-
paratory and college education was but
introductory. For three years he pursued
a course of legal study under the precep-
torship of Lester Filley, of Otis, Massa-
chusetts. As a student he was diligent
and attentive, not confining himself to the
mere routine of office duties and of study,
but adding a study of logic, political econ-
omy, and other matters kindred to his
calling, thus more thoroughly fitting him-
self for success in his chosen profession.
In 1847 ne was admitted to the bar, and
for the two succeeding years practiced in
Otis. He then spent two years at Ches-
ter, Massachusetts, locating in Lee, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1853, and there continu-
ing in successful lucrative practice for
eighteen years. In 1871 he moved to
Pittsfield, until the burden of years com-
pelled him to retire, but it was with men-
tal vigor unimpaired.

Mr. Wilcox thoroughly understood the
law and loved to elucidate its principles.
He believed that justice being the su-
preme interest of mankind, the law estab-
lished to enforce it was a most worthy
object of study and labor. As a speaker
he was clear, logical and forcible, using
nice distinctions and strong illustrations.
His love of justice and fair dealing be-
tween man and man, his own honesty of
purpose, was so clear, his judgment so de-



liberate, he was so accustomed to weigh
what he said and to wait until his mind
saw what was right, that no man doubted
that when he held the scales evenhanded
justice would be weighed out. Conceal-
ment, subterfuges and chicanery formed



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