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no part of his character. There was a cer-
tain openness of mind and heart in all
that he did and said, that was as beauti-
ful as it is rare. Modest in bearing toward
all, simple and unaffected in manner and
speech, he never attudinized or acted for
effect. Yet he had shining through his
simplicity a positive force of character
which gave assurance of a strong well
balanced and developed power behind it.
He possessed a character art had not
spoiled, and culture wide and varied but
added to the charm of a personality which
united the naturalness of youth with the
wisdom of age. He won for himself a
place in the warm regard of his commun-
ity that any man might envy, and the in-
fluence of his stainless life was too genu-
ine to pass easily from the minds of his

He was not a bitter partisan. Origi-
nally a Whig, he acted with the Repub-
licans as a whole, but was independent in
national affairs. He represented his dis-
trict in the Massachusetts Assembly in
1866 and in the State Senate in 1868. He
was a wise counselor both in his profes-
sion and in party councils, to which he
was often called. In 1891 he received
from his alma mater the honorary degree
of Doctor of Laws. He belonged to the
various bar associations and to organiza-
tions social and benevolent in their aims.
In all these he took an active interest.

Mr. Wilcox married, January 7, 1857,
Nancy B. Bradley, born in Lee, Massa-
chusetts, died in Pittsfield, November 11,

Charles M. Wilcox, son of Marshall
and Nancy B. (Bradley) Wilcox, was born
at Lee, Massachusetts, August 13, 1861.

FOSTER, Marcus L.,

Man of Affairs.


He studied law under his honored father Jonathan, April 2, 1677; David, mentioned

and at Boston University, and was ad- below; William, April 2, 1681 ; Phebe,

mitted to the bar, March 6, 1886. He April 1, 1683; Abigail, February, 1685.

located in and has since continuously (III) David Foster, son of John, was

practiced his profession in Pittsfield. He born at Southampton, Long Island, March

was a member of the State Legislature in 15, 1679. He removed to Middletown,

1889, and fills an honored place in the Connecticut. He married Ann .

regard of his townsmen. He married, Children, born at Middletown: David,
May 2, 1892, Katherine, daughter of Al- mentioned below; John, born November
bert Thompson, of New York, and has 14, 1707; Abigail, May 30, 1709. died No-
two children: Minerva and Evelyn B. vember 7, 1709 ; Abigail, March 8, 1710-11,

died March 3, 1712; Rachel, April 16,

1713; Hackaliah, August 6, 1715, married
Hannah Washburn ; Silence, January 7,
1717-18; Sarah, August 27, 1719; Phebe,
Christopher Foster, immigrant ances- December 20, 1721.
tor, was born in England. He sailed in (IV) David (2) Foster, son of David
the ship "Abigail" from England in July, (1), was born at Middletown, October 4,
1635, when he gave his age as thirty-two 1706. He married, November 2, 1727,
years, with wife Frances, aged twenty- Elizabeth Markham, and they lived in
five years, and children Rebecca, aged his native town. Children, born at Mid-
five ; Nathaniel, aged two ; and John, aged dletown: Elizabeth, born July 31, 1728;
one year. He settled at Lynn, Massa- David, July 27, 1730; Jonathan, mentioned
chusetts, of which he was a proprietor in below; Abigail, September 4, 1734; Fen-
1638. He had a law suit at Lynn in 1637. ner, November 9, 1736, went with his
He gave letters of attorney, March 9, brothers to Ballston, Saratoga county,
1645-46, to Daniel King, of Lynn, woolen New York, soldier in the Revolution, and
draper, to collect a legacy due his wife was head of a family there in 1790, ac-
Frances from her mother, Alice Stevens, cording to the first federal census ; Hack-
late of Ewill, in County Surrey, England, aliah, February 29, 1739-40, also went to
He sold his house and land at Lynn, New York and lived near Fenner and
March 10, 1645-46, and soon afterward Jonathan at Ballston, was reported also
removed to Long Island. He had an in the census of 1790, sergeant in the Rev-
allotment of land at Southampton, Long olution from New York, a prisoner of the
Island, in 1651. Children: Rebecca, born British, a pensioner; James, July 3, 1743,
1630; Nathaniel, 1633; John, 1634; George; also of Ballston. and he and his son,

Benjamin, married Lydia ; Han- James, Jr., were reported in the census of

nah, married Daniel Sayre ; Joseph, 1638; 1790; Ann, January 31, 1746. It is likely

Sarah, married Samuel Johnson. that the entire family moved to Balls-

(II) John Foster, son of Christopher, ton, except perhaps David, of whom

was born in England in 1634. He lived nothing further is known,

at Southampton, Long Island. Children, (V) Jonathan Foster, son of David

born at Southampton: John, February 8, (2), was born in Middletown, Connecti-

1662; Sarah, January 29, 1664; Hannah, cut, July 15, 1732. He and his brothers

January 2, 1667 ; Jeremiah, March 2, 1671 ; settled at Ballston, New York, when

Patience, March 7, 1673, married Abra- young men. They served in the Revolu-

ham Howell ; Rachel, February 2, 1675 ; tion from that town and they were heads



of families there in 1790. Josiah, Lebeus
and Erastus, probably sons of these
brothers, were also heads of families there
in 1790.

(VI) Eli Foster was of this family. A
careful search of the deeds, probate rec-
ords and other evidences indicates that
he was a son of Jonathan or James, but in
the absence of documentary proof it must
be stated that there is a possibility that
he was a son of Vincent Foster, of Malta,
by his first wife. Vincent Foster was also
a descendant of Christopher Foster (1),
mentioned above and an early settler at
Malta, New York. Eli lived on a farm
at Malta, New York. He bought the farm
in 1823, and lived there until his death in
1840. His gravestone shows that he died
February 6, 1840, aged sixty years. His
death was caused by an accident while
lumbering. His wife Deborah was born
September 6, 1782, and died September
28, 1870, aged eighty-eight years twenty-
two days, according to her gravestone.
The widow was appointed administratrix,
December 29, 1841. The graves are in the
old Malta Ridge Cemetery. Children:
Maria, died 1840, married Barker Colla-
more, Jr. ; Harmon S., mentioned below ;
James; Alvira, married Henry C. Swift,
daughter, Charlotte Goodfellow, is now
living at Fort Edward, New York, and a
son, S. O. Swift, at West Brookfield, Mas-
sachusetts ; Gilbert N. ; John E. ; Aurelia
(or Rilly), married Barker Collamore, Jr.
(fourth wife) ; Rosamond, married Robert
Simpson, of Oswego, New York.

(VII) Harmon S. Foster, son of Eli,
was born in 1803, at Malta or Saratoga,
New York. He was educated in the pub-
lic schools, and when a young man located
in Hannibal, New York, afterwards in
Oswego, New York. He was a success-
ful contractor and builder. He enlisted
for the Civil War in the Eighty-first New
York Regiment. In politics he was a Re-
publican, in religion a Methodist. He

died in Oswego, at the age of seventy-
three, and was buried in that city. He
married Elizabeth, a daughter of Valen-
tine Campbell of Stillwater, Saratoga
county, New York, who was a soldier at
Saratoga and the battle of Bemis Heights.
She died January 3, 1873, aged sixty-
seven, and was buried at Granby, Oswego
county, New York. Children: Melvin,
Jane, Sarah, Hartwell Stedman, Llew-
ellyn (mentioned below) and Mary. Mel-
vin moved to Akron, Ohio ; had three chil-
dren, Fletcher, Eugene and Mary. Jane
married James A. Stewart, of Louisville,
Kentucky. Mary married Robert M.
Peak, and resides at 800 South Thirty-
sixth street, Louisville, Kentucky.

(VIII) Llewellyn Foster, son of Har-
mon S., was born October 11, 1844, at
Hannibal, Oswego county, New York,
died at Oswego, New York, September
17, 1890, in his forty-fifth year. He was
educated in the public schools and learned
the trade of millwright. He followed his
trade installing machinery in mills. He
was a soldier in the Civil War in the
One Hundred and Eighty-fourth New
York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Sixth
Corps, enlisting at the age of eighteen.
He served in the Shenandoah campaign,
took part in the battles of Cedar Creek,
Petersburg and many others. His health
was shattered by his army service and his
death was due primarily to that cause.
He was a Republican. He was a member
of the Masonic lodge of Oswego. He mar-
ried Marion Carpenter, the adopted
daughter of Marcus Fenton and Elizabeth
Ann (Worden) Carpenter. She was a
daughter of Katharine Stanley, who mar-
ried an English army officer, Edward
Stanley, who left the country when she
was an infant. Children: 1. Frederick,
born October 25, 1868, died April 28, 1882,
jit Louisville, Kentucky, a student, at the
age of fourteen. 2. Marcus Llewellyn,
mentioned below. 3. Grace Jennie, born



August 24, 1873; married Charles A.
Keiser, of Schenectady, New York, for-
merly of York, Pennsylvania, and has two
children — Marion and Grace Keiser. 4.
Nina died in infancy. 5. Edward Clark,
died in infancy. 6. Bessie, born June 12,
died August 11, 1882. 7. James Arthur,
born July 28, 1884, married Helen Louise
Mosher, of Schenectady, New York. 8.
Garrett Hartwell, born January 20, 1889,
married Florence Maion Boldes, of Pough-
keepsie, New York ; resides at San Fran-
cisco, California.

(IX) Marcus Llewellyn Foster, son of
Llewellyn, was born at Oswego, New
York, December 8, 1871. He attended
the public schools of his native city. He
came to Worcester when he was sixteen,
and was in the employment of W. H.
Sawyer, the lumber dealer for nine years.
He was treasurer of the Howe Lumber
Company of Lowell, Massachusetts, one
year. In the spring of 1898 he established
the firm of Stone & Foster Lumber Com-
pany, having its place of business at the
corner of Central and Union streets,
Worcester. Mr. Foster bought out his
partner in 1906 and has since continued
the business under the old corporate name,
being president and treasurer of the com-

Mr. Foster is also connected with other
large interests. He is president of the
Ravenel Company, owning six thousand
acres of pine timber in South Carolina,
with a capital of $100,000; this company
was organized in 191 1. He is also treas-
urer of the Highland Spruce Company,
owning nine thousand acres of spruce
timber land on the eastern slope of the
Black mountains, in North Carolina, in-
cluding Mount Mitchell. The capital is
$350,000. Mr. Foster is treasurer of the
Dickey & Campbell Company, Inc., a cor-
poration owning eighteen thousand acres
of spruce timber land in the Black moun-
tains of North Carolina ; the capitalization

is $600,000. This is an operating com-
pany having twenty-five miles of its own
railroads for transporting lumber. Mr.
Foster is president of a real estate cor-
poration of Worcester known as the Fos-
ter Associates, the capital of which is
$125,000. He is also treasurer of the W.
L. Dines Jr. Company, a Worcester cor-
poration engaged in the manufacture of
machinery for export for coffee, sugar,
rice and cocoa plantations, with a plant
at 172 Union street; capital $10,000. Mr.
Foster is vice-president of the Park Build-
ing Company, which has just erected the
Park building at the corner of Park and
Main streets, Worcester; capital $350,000.
This building is of modern fireproof con-
struction, eleven stories high, containing
six stores and two hundred offices, and is
the finest building of the kind in Worces-
ter. Mr. Foster is a director of the
Worcester National Bank and a trustee
of the Mechanics' Savings Bank ; a direc-
tor of the Massachusetts Retail Lumber
Dealers' Association ; a member of the
Worcester Chamber of Commerce. He
is a member of the Worcester Club, the
Worcester Country Club, and one of its
board of governors ; the Tatnuck Coun-
try Club ; and the Quinsigamond Boat
Club, of which he is president. In poli-
tics he is a Republican.

He married at Worcester, March 2,
1897, Alice Hathaway Baldwin, daughter
of John Stanton Baldwin, former pub-
lisher of the "Worcester Spy." Children :
1. Marcella Hathaway, born December 8,
1897. 2. Alicia, December 21, 1898. 3.
Ellen Frances, August 9, 1900. 4. Marcus
Llewellyn, Jr., March 8, 1910.

WHITING, and Allied Families.

Nathaniel Whiting, the immigrant an-
cestor, was born in England in 1609. He
is mentioned in the will of his grand-
father, John Smith, who bequeathed to



his mother, Sarah (Smith) Whiting, lands
at Hoxden, County Middlesex, England.
He had a brother, Samuel Whiting, also
mentioned in this will. Nathaniel came
first to Lynn, Massachusetts, as early as
1638, when he was one of the proprietors
of that town. In the early records his
name is spelled sometimes Whyting and
Whytinge. Most of the descendants use
the spelling Whiting, but the Whitins of
Whitinsville are descendants. Nathaniel
moved to Dedham a few years after he
came to this country, and was a proprie-
tor there in 1640; was admitted to the
Dedham church July 30, 1641, and made
a freeman May 18, 1642. He died at
Dedham, January 15, 1682-83. His will
was dated May 15, 1677, and proved April
19, 1683. He gave his whole estate to his
wife Hannah, to distribute at her dis-
cretion. She died November 4, 1714, aged
eighty-nine years. He married, Novem-
ber 4, 1643, Hannah Dwight, daughter of
John and Hannah Dwight of Dedham,
progenitors of a famous old family. She
came to Dedham from England with her
parents and brothers, John and Timothy.
Her father was at Watertown in 1635, re-
moved to Dedham, was admitted a free-
man March 13, 1638-39, and became
owner of half of the water mill. Whiting
was also a miller. Children of Nathaniel
Whiting: Nathaniel, born September 26,
1644; John, September 28, 1646, died
young; John, November 3, 1647; Samuel,
December 20, 1649; Hannah, February
17, 1651; Timothy, mentioned below;
Mary, twin, January 5, 1653; John, twin
of Mary; Mary, October 12, 1658; Sarah,
December 3, 1660; Abigail, June 7, 1663;
John, July 19, 1665 ; Jonathan, October
9, 1667; Judith, March 30, 1670; Anna,
January 25, 1672.

(II) Timothy Whiting, son of Na-
thaniel, was born at Dedham, January 5,
1653, and died there December 26, 1728.
He was selectman of Dedham in 1707.

He owned a corn mill, which was burned
in 1700, but rebuilt, the town lending
money from the school funds for the pur-
pose. His will was dated December 18,
1728, proved January 9, 1728-29, in it he
is called a fuller. He bequeathed to wife,
sons Timothy, Nathaniel and Joseph, and
daughters Sarah, Elizabeth and Mehit-
able. He married Sarah Bullard, who
was born at Dedham, January 7, 1658,
died in 1732. Her will dated June 15,
1732, proved September 1, 1732, mentions
the same children as those in his will.
Children, born at Dedham: Hannah, born
April 9, 1680; Sarah, September 15, 1682;
Mary, February 4, 1684; Timothy, De-
cember 15, 1685; Nathaniel, mentioned
below; Joseph; Elizabeth, May 21, 1694;
Mehitable, May 30, 1696 ; Isaac, July 26,

(III) Nathaniel (2) Whiting, son of
Timothy, was born at Dedham, Septem-
ber 23, 1688; died there August 17, 1771.
He purchased the grist mill in Dedham,
April 25, 1732, of Zachariah Whiting, and
sold it February 10, 1756, to his son
Joseph. His will was dated February 6,
1760, proved September 13, 1771. He
married, at Dedham, April 6, 1712, Joanna
Ellis, born at Dedham, September 18,
1689, died there September 3, 1773,
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Graves)
Ellis. Children, born at Dedham : Mary,
February 22, 1713-14; John, May 17,
1716; Hannah, July 3, 1718; Sarah, Au-
gust 22, 1720; Isaac, mentioned below;
Rebeckah, April 2, 1725; Margaret, May
1, 1727; Joseph, June 14, 1729.

(IV) Isaac Whiting, son of Nathaniel
(2), was born at Dedham, February 12,
1722-23, and died there July 18, 1785. He
married there, April 5, 1744, Rebecca
Fisher, born at Dedham, April 19, 1722,
died April 13, 1787. Both are buried in
the First Parish Cemetery. His will,
dated October 20, 1784, proved August
9, 1785, mentions wife Rebecca; sons



Calvin, Nathaniel and Fisher; grand-
daughter Rebecca Gay and grandson
Jesse Draper. Children, born in Dedham :
Rebecca, February 2, 1744-45; Hannah,
July 26, 1747; Mary, July 6, 1750; Na-
thaniel, mentioned below ; Fisher, May
IO > 1757; Calvin, June 20, 1762; Sarah,
November 11, 1764.

(V) Nathaniel (3) Whiting, son of
Isaac, was born at Dedham, February 19,
1753, and died there September 2, 1821.
He married there, March 23, 1775, Eliza-
beth Eaton, born at Dedham, January 14,
1756, died there November 15, 1841,
daughter of John and Desire (Smith)
Eaton. His will was dated August 24,
1821, proved October 2, 1821, bequeath-
ing to wife Elizabeth ; daughter Sarah
Richards, of Pompton, New Jersey;
daughter Molly Ellis, of Medfield ; daugh-
ter Hannah Smith, of Walpole ; sons Na-
thaniel and Ira Whiting, of Amherst,
New Hampshire ; son Eaton, of Dedham ;
son Luther, of New York City ; daughter
Rebecca Eades, of Vernon, Sussex county,
New Jersey ; and daughter Abigail Whit-
ing, of Dedham. Children, born at Ded-
ham: Sarah, born June 22, 1776; Molly,
February 19, 1778; Nathaniel, mentioned
below; Hannah, May 8, 1781 ; Eaton,
November 8, 1782; Rebecca, October 31,
1784; Ira, April 9, 1787; Luther, Decem-
ber 1, 1789; Elizabeth, January 3, 1793;
Abigail, March 15, 1794.

(VI) Nathaniel (4) Whiting, son of
Nathaniel (3), was born at Dedham, No-
vember 7, 1779. He resided in Dedham
until 181 1, when he located at Washing-
ton, New Hampshire, on a farm later
owned by Joseph Snow, situated two
miles southwest of the village. He mar-
ried Nancy Richards, April 1, 1804; she
died April 14, 1858. They removed to
Amherst. New Hampshire, in 1818, and
he died there October 3, 1843. Children:
Clarissa, born at Dedham, April 28, 1806,
married Asa Clark; Benjamin B., at

Washington, October 1, 1813, married
Lucy J. Noyes; Nancy, October 4, 1815,
married Jeremiah Hawes ; Alfred, men-
tioned below; John F., at Amherst,
March 19, 1822; married (first) Eliza J.
Wiley, May 18, 1848; (second) Helen M.
Putnam, November 28, 1861 ; (third)
Louella M. Boutelle, January 19, 1871 ;
resided at Wakefield, New Hampshire.

(VII) Alfred Whiting, son of Na-
thaniel (4), was born at Washington,
New Hampshire, September 18, 1817.
He was apprenticed at the age of
twelve and learned the trade of bob-
bin maker. He worked for a time at
Woonsocket, Rhode Island. In 1845 he
became associated in business with his
brothers-in-law, Charles Morris Har-
ris, Linus M. Harris and Gideon Harris,
under the firm name of L. M. Harris &
Company at Oakdale, Massachusetts. He
had previously bought the Holt mill at
what was then called Holt's village, in
West Boylston, later known as Harris-
ville. The firm built up a flourishing
business in the manufacture of cotton
goods. About 1851 the mill was destroyed
by fire, but within a year business was
resumed in a new structure. The busi-
ness was discontinued when the water
power and all the real estate was taken
by the metropolitan water board in the
nineties for a water supply. The entire
village of West Boylston was taken at
the same time, and the site is now sub-
merged under the great metropolitan
water basin formed by the dam at Clin-
ton. In early life he served in the State
militia. In religion he was a Universalist.
He was well-known in Masonic circles,
a member of Montacute Lodge, the coun-
cil and chapter in Worcester, and Wor-
cester County Commandery, Knights
Templar. But his life work, his interests
and endeavors were mainly devoted to
his business. For fifty years he was en-
gaged in manufacturing. He was earnest.



industrious and straightforward, winning
success by dint of hard work and upright-
ness and commanding the esteem and re-
spect of his fellow men. He died January
14, 1890, at Oakdale.

Mr. Whiting married, October 21, 1841,
Mary Smith Harris, who was born March
14, 1820, and died April 16, 1904, at Wor-
cester, a daughter of Henry and Waty
(Smith) Harris (see Harris). Children:
1. John Henry, born August 9, 1842, at
Woonsocket ; died January 17, 1843. 2.
Alfred Nathaniel, mentioned below. 3.
George Edwin, born at Oakdale, June 4,
1847; died January 27, 1850. 4. Mary
Eliza, September 16, 1850, resides with
her nephew at 167 Pleasant street, Wor-
cester ; active in church and social work ;
member of the Worcester Woman's Club,
Timothy Bigelow Chapter, Daughters of
the Revolution ; and of the Church of the
Unity, Worcester. 5. Clara Waty, born
February 2, 1857, died February 22, 1859.

(VIII) Alfred Nathaniel Whiting, son
of Alfred, was born at Woonsocket,
Rhode Island, December 10, 1844, died at
Worcester, February 26, 1916. He re-
ceived his early education in the public
schools of West Boylston, the East
Douglas Academy and Woodstock Acad-
emy, Woodstock, Vermont. He gradu-
ated in 1865 from the Eastman Business
College at Poughkeepsie, New York. In
1870 he was placed in charge of the
Bell cotton mills at Peterborough, New
Hampshire, but he returned a year later
to become superintendent of the L. M.
Harris Company at West Boylston. Sub-
sequently he became treasurer and gen-
eral manager, and continued in these
offices until the dissolution of the corpo-
ration in 1902. He did not again engage
in active business. From 1900 until his
death he was a resident of Worcester.
In politics Mr. Whiting was a Republi-
can, and though he took a keen interest
in public affairs he never held public

office. Like his father, he devoted him-
self unreservedly to business and allowed
no other interests to interfere. He was
but twelve years old when he began to
work in a cotton mill, and about forty
years of his life were passed in that busi-
ness. As a manufacturer he mastered
every detail of the cotton industry and
took high rank among his business asso-
ciates. After his retirement he made
many friends in Worcester and especially
in the Church of the Unity, of which he
was a faithful member.

He married, June 5, 1867, Mary C.
Holt, of West Boylston. His wife died
January 22, 1898. They had two children,
one of whom died in infancy and Win-
fred Holt, mentioned below.

(IX) Winfred Holt Whiting, son of
Alfred Nathaniel, was born at Oakdale,
West Boylston, July 26, 1881. He at-
tended the public and high schools of his
native town and entered Brown Univer-
versity, from which he was graduated in
1901 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts.
Three years later he graduated from Har-
vard Law School. He was admitted to
the bar in February, 1904, and immedi-
ately afterward engaged in practice in
Worcester. For a short time he was in
the office of Charles M. Thayer. He was
admitted to the bar of the United States
Circuit Court in August, 1905. He was
appointed Associate Justice of the Central
District Court of Worcester in Novem-
ber, 1910, and has continued to the
present time in this position. In politics
he is a Republican. He was a member
of the Republican city committee from
1908 to 191 1, inclusive, and chairman of
Ward Ten Republican committee in 1909-
10-11. He was elected to the Common
Council in 191 1, reelected in 1913 and 1915,
and in 1916 was elected president of that
body. Mr. Whiting is treasurer of the
Church of the Unity, and has taken an
active part in the work of the church. He



is a member of the Tatnuck Country

(The Richards Lino).

(I) Edward Richards, the immigrant
ancestor, probably came to this country
in 1632 in the ship "Lyon," with his
brother Nathaniel, with whom he lived at
Cambridge until 1636. He removed to
Dedham and was received as one of the
proprietors in 1636-37, and admitted to
the church, July 17, 1640. He was ad-
mitted a freeman in 1641, and in 1646
was selectman, an office he held for nine
years. He was a man of means and owned
a large amount of real estate. He was
one of those who planned to establish a
manor at Dedham. In May, 1684, he
dictated his will, but died before he had
an opportunity to sign it. He died Au-
gust 25, 1684. He married, September
10, 1638, Susan Hunting, who died Sep-
tember 9, 1684. Children, born at Ded-
ham: Mary, September 29, 1639; John,
July 1, 1641 ; Dorcas, September 25, 1643;
Nathaniel, mentioned below ; Sarah, May
25, 1651.

(II) Nathaniel Richards, son of Ed-

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