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Maine, in 185 1, editor of the "Lawrence
Sentinel," 1855-57, and of the "Mercury,"
Charleston, South Carolina, 1857-60,
agent of mines in Lumpkin county,



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Georgia, in i860, assistant quartermaster
of the State of Georgia in 1864, in later
years a genealogist of note, recording
secretary of the New England Historic-
Genealogical Society, 1893-1910; died
May 31, 1912; married, October 16, 1857,
Ann F. Gordon, born at Mansfield, Mas-
sachusetts, April 20, 1832; children:
Agnes, born January 21, 1859; Lysson,
November 5, 1861 ; Nathaniel Batchelder,
August 11, 1864; Margaret; Harry Hunt-
ly. 2. Mary Jane, born March 8, 1829.
3. Eben, born January 21, 1831. 4. Lydia
Maria, born November 11, 1833. 5.
Albert Anderson, mentioned below. 6.
Ellen Maria, born August 7, 1838. 7.
Anna Augusta, born November 24, 1842.
8. Hattie Frances, born May 8, 1850.

(VI) Albert Anderson Gordon, son of
Ebenezer Gordon, was born at Farming-
ton, Maine, January 30, 1836. He at-
tended the public schools at Dover, New
Hampshire, and learned the trade of ma-
chinist at Lewiston, Maine. He was
employed in New York City and Mans-
field, Connecticut, before coming to Wor-
cester in 1859. During most of the time
since then he has been connected with
the Crompton Loom Works. He was
foreman and superintendent for many
years and is still active in the present
corporation, the Crompton-Knowles
Loom Works. He is a life member of
Montacute Lodge, Free Masons, and a
member of Worcester Chapter.Royal Arch
Masons, Hiram Council, Royal and Select
Masters, and of the Worcester Soci-
ety of Antiquity and the Worcester Hor-
ticultural Society. He married, January
6, 1 861, at Worcester, Ann Eliza Bridges,
born March 17, 1840, at Leicester (see
Bridges VII). Children: I. Lyman
Francis, mentioned below. 2. Nancy
Gertrude, born April 15, 1863, graduate
of the Classical High School, Worcester,
active in the First Baptist Church,
teacher in the Sunday school. 3. Albert



Anderson, mentioned below. 4. George
Crompton, mentioned below. 5. Charles
Sumner, mentioned below. 6. Isabel
Wyman, born January 4, 1878, graduate
of the Classical High School, Worcester,
and of the Lucy Wheelock School, Bos-
ton ; member of the First Baptist Church
and teacher in the kindergarten of the
Sunday school ; member of the Woman's
Club; secretary, vice-regent and in 1912-
14 regent of Colonel Timothy Bigelow
Chapter, Daughters of the American
Revolution.

(VII) Lyman Francis Gordon, son of
Albert Anderson Gordon, was born in
Worcester, November 14, 1861. He at-
tended the public schools of his native
city and entered Worcester Academy in
the fall of 1875. With a natural gift for
mechanics and inherited skill he turned
naturally to a technical education and
became a student in the Worcester Poly-
technic Institute, from which he gradu-
ated in the mechanical engineering de-
partment in the class of 1881. During
the following year he was employed in
the engineering department of the United
States Central Railway in California. He
then entered the employ of F. A. Robbins
& Company, San Francisco, manufac-
turers of presses and dies. In November,
1883, he returned to Worcester and a
month later formed a partnership with
H. Winfield Wyman under the firm name
of Wyman & Gordon for the manufacture
of drop forgings. Mr. Wyman was a
friend and fellow student of Mr. Gordon
and the partners worked with the utmost
harmony and success. Beginning oper-
ations with a dozen hands in a building
at the corner of Bradley and Gold streets,
the partners laid the foundations for one
of the great industries of the city. Special-
ties of original design in the form of small
tools found customers among the builders
of textile and other machinery and in a
small way among the railroads. The



57



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



loom works furnished a considerable part
of the work for the plant at first. The
growth of the bicycle business gave new
opportunities for the firm and for a time
rail bonds for electric roads were an
important specialty. But the develop-
ment of the automobile caused a wonder-
ful expansion in the business. The part-
ners early realized the possibilities of the
motor car and provided the equipment
necessary. The art of producing such
parts as crank shafts and steering
knuckles was developed in advance of
competitors and carried to a high degree
of efficiency. Mr. Gordon gave his ability
and energy both to manufacturing and
selling the output of the firm. The plant
was increased from time to time by addi-
tions to the original building and another
plant established in Cleveland, Ohio, in
the heart of the automobile manufactur-
ing industry. After the death of Mr.
Wyman in 1905, the business was incor-
porated. Mr. Gordon was president and
treasurer; Harry G. Stoddard, vice-
president ; and George F. Fuller, general
manager. In 1915 The Wyman & Gordon
Company employed more than 500 skilled
mechanics and the plant had a floor-space
of 200,000 square feet. The capital was
$300,000. The company has held the
foremost place in its special line of manu-
facturing drop forgings for automobiles
during the past ten years.

Mr. Gordon was also a director of the
American Thermos Bottle Company of
New York, the Library Bureau of New
York, the Merchants National Bank of
Worcester, and member of the Chambers
of Commerce of Worcester and Cleve-
land, the Union Club of Cleveland, the
Worcester Club, the Tatnuch Country
Club, the Worcester Automobile Club,
and the Worcester Country Club. He
was a trustee of Worcester Academy, and
an active member of the First Baptist
Church and the Young Men's Christian



58



Association. He was a thirty-second de-
gree Mason, a member of Morning Star
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wor-
cester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons;
Hiram Council, Royal and Select
Masters; Worcester County Command-
ery, Knights Templar; Worcester Lodge
of Perfection; Goddard Council, Rose
Croix; Northern Massachusetts Con-
sistory, and Aletheia Grotto. He was
liberal with his wealth and gave gener-
ously to the church, to charity and every
project calculated to make Worcester
better and happier.

Mr. Gordon resided for many years on
Germain street. During the past ten
years he had a summer home on the old
Norcross estate at Grafton. At the time
of his death he had nearly completed a
magnificent residence on Salisbury street,
Worcester. He died at Grafton, Decem-
ber 20, 1914.

An editorial in the "Worcester Gazette"
at the time of his death perhaps best
expresses the relations of Mr. Gordon to
the city:

One of the most commanding figures in Wor-
cester's industrial life passes from its activities
by the death of Lyman F. Gordon. He was a
master builder among master builders. His ability
was recognized by all his associates. It was
through his talents and untiring devotion that the
city came to possess an industry which has at-
tained a name nation-wide because of its high-
grade products. When we reflect that The Wy-
man & Gordon Co. grew from the humblest of
beginnings and consider the place which it has
won, talent seems hardly the characterization to
give Mr. Gordon's abilities. There was genius in
his business methods. They were a blessing to
Worcester. His death gives a sharper poignancy
to those who knew him best; for Mr. Gordon
was still a young man, but fifty-three, and in the
natural prospect, his years of usefulness should
still have been many and of greater fruitfulness
even than those that preceded. Rare business
ability was not, however, Mr. Gordon's sole char-
acteristic. He was, indeed, something more than
the man of business, absorbed in its details, to the
shutting out of the larger things of life. He was



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



the citixen, always interested in the things that
good citizenship signifies in its larger aspects. He
believed in and worked for the church as an insti-
tution which advances human welfare. The char-
itable side of his nature was great and most sym-
pathetic but never displayed to win the multi-
tude's applause. It was rare, indeed, that his left
hand knew the good which his right had wrought
His early going from among the activities of men
leaves a void in the social and industrial life of
Worcester that prompts depressing reflection.
But "God fills the gaps of human need." If the
loss which Worcester has sustained through the
death of Lyman F. Gordon shall be made good
through the years to come, it will be because of
the high example as a worker and a citizen which
he leaves as an inspiration to us all.

Among the various tributes to Mr.
Gordon from the organizations to which
he belonged, none expresses more fitly
his character than that of the Young
Men's Christian Association, from which
we quote :

We miss his kind and cheerful presence. His
courtesy and helpfulness toward all those with
whom he came in contact are cherished memories.
His calm and unruffled spirit was a potent ex-
ample. His firm grasp of essential facts and his
quick and accurate judgment have been a most
valued guide and help. His true Christian char-
acter, his modesty and self-forgetfulness have
been a constant inspiration. His work in this
association was always done with efficiency,
promptness and great joy. His hopes and plans
for the future were high and broad. The Lord
will not suffer his work to fail, but we can not
but feel that the future of our association would
have been more perfectly accomplished had he
remained longer with us. In his personal rela-
tions with his fellow workers he was always the
Christian gentleman. In civic life he was ever a
force for righteousness and clean living. In busi-
ness life he was diligent, resourceful, successful.
In the church, he was faithful to his high calling
in Christ Jesus.

The journal of the Worcester Polytech-
nic Institute said :

Mr. Gordon was very much interested in all de-
velopments of the Institute and was for two years
a member of the executive committee of the
Alumni Association, resigning a year ago in order



that he might be released from as many cares as
possible. While on the committee he always took
a strong positive position on all questions that
would mean the greater upbuilding of the Insti-
tute, and was especially interested in Alumni De-
velopment work. It was in a great measure due
to his advice while a member of the committee
that the purchase of the two pieces of Art Mu-
seum property, adjoining the Institute property
along Park avenue was made by the alumni, thus
making it possible to have a separate baseball
field in connection with the development for phy-
sical exercise at the Institute. He was also one
of the few men who came forward at the last
moment and increased their subscriptions to the
alumni movement so that it was made possible
for the secretary to announce at the June Com-
mencement in 1913 the completion of the $200,000
pledging.

He married, February 19, 1889, Prue
Louise Cox, daughter of Garland Pineo
and Charlotte Ann (Borden) Cox (see
Cox VIII). Children: 1. Winfield, born
November 28, 1889; attended Bancroft
School (private), Worcester, Massachu-
setts, Montclair Academy, Montclair,
New Jersey, Bryant & Stratton Com-
mercial College, graduated class of 1914;
worked in chemical laboratory of
Wyman Gordon for one year at Worces-
ter; on March 1, 1916, went to Cleve-
land, Ohio, opening the insurance firm of
Gordon & Vaile in the New England
building on Euclid avenue; this firm
handles life, accident, liability and com-
pensation insurance ; member of First
Baptist Church, Worcester ; member of
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce. 2.
Forrest, born February 5, 1893 ; attended
Miss Fitch's Kindergarten at Worcester,
Bancroft School (private), for one and a
half years was a pupil of University
School at Cleveland, Ohio; he is a
member of Worcester Country Club,
member of First Baptist Church, Wor-
cester.

(VII) Albert Anderson Gordon, Jr.,
son of Albert Anderson Gordon, was born
at Worcester, February 16, 1865. He



59



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



attended the public schools of Worcester
and graduated from the high school.
After graduating from the Worcester
Polytechnic Institute in 1886, he taught
manual training for three years in St.
Paul, Minnesota. He then returned to
Worcester and for several years has been
superintendent of the Crompton &
Knovvles Loom Works. He is a member
of the Economic Club of Worcester and
of the American Society of Mechanical
Engineers. He is a thirty-second degree
Mason, a member of Morning Star
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wor-
cester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons;
Hiram Council, Royal and Select
Masters ; Worcester County Command-
ery, Knights Templar; Worcester Lodge
of Perfection; Goddard Council, Rose
Croix ; the Northern Massachusetts Con-
sistory, and the Aletheia Grotto. He
married, November 10, 1895, Caroline
Sweetser, daughter of Samuel Stillman.
Children: 1. Catherine Sweetser, born
March 15, 1898. 2. Albert Anderson, 3d.,
born January 25, 1901. 3. Frances, born
January 29, 1904.

(VII) George Crompton Gordon, son
of Albert Anderson Gordon, was born at
Worcester, August 20, 1872. He received
his early education in the public schools
of his native city and entered Worcester
Polytechnic Institute, from which he
was graduated in 1895. He was employed
first at Lowell, Massachusetts, then by
the American Steel & Wire Company, in
Worcester, and by the Charlton Wire
Company at Charlton. He was afterward
for a time in the Carpenter Steel Com-
pany at Reading, Pennsylvania, and later
with The Wyman & Gordon Company,
Worcester. He is now vice-president of
the Park Drop Forge Company of Cleve-
land, Ohio. He married, January, 1912,
Marion Shriver Ward.

(VII) Dr. Charles Sumner Gordon,



son of Albert Anderson Gordon, was
born at Worcester, July 1, 1875. He re-
ceived his education in the public schools,
Worcester Academy, class of 1894, and
the Harvard Dental School, 1897. He
practiced his profession for a year in
Gloucester, Massachusetts, returning in
1900 to Worcester, where he has since
practiced. His offices are at 377 Main
street. He is a member of Delta Sigma
Delta, Worcester Country Club, and of
the executive board of the Worcester
Academy since 191 1. He married, March,
1903, Emma Jessie Dyer, daughter of
Edwin J. and Emma (Southern) Dyer,
of Dorchester, Massachusetts.

(The Bridges Line).

(I) Edmund Bridges, the immigrant
ancestor, was born in England in 1612.
He embarked in the ship "James" from
London to New England in July, 1635.
He was a blacksmith by trade. He set-
tled in Lynn, removed to Rowley, later to
Ipswich and Topsfield. He died January

13, 1684. He married (first) Alice ,

and (second) Mary , who died

October 24, 1691. Children by first wife:
Edmund, mentioned below; Mehitable,
born March 26, 1641 ; Edward, Faith,
Elizabeth, John, Josiah, Bethiah, Mary.

(II) Edmund (2) Bridges, son of Ed-
mund (1) Bridges, was born about 1637.
He married, January 11, 1659-60, Sarah
Towne. Children : Edmund, born Octo-
ber 4, 1660; Benjamin, January 2, 1664-
65; Mary, April 14, 1667; Hannah, June
9, 1669; Caleb, mentioned below.

(III) Caleb Bridges, son of Edmund
(2) Bridges, was born June 3, 1677, at
Salem, died at Farmingham. He married,
November 26, 1700, Sarah Brewer. Chil-
dren: Bathsheba, born January 19, 1703,
died 1734; Hackaliah, mentioned below;
Caleb, August 24, 1708; Martha, March
28, 1710; Bethiah, February 14, 1713;



60



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Benjamin, September 17, 1714; Sarah,
August 26, 1716; David and Jonathan,
March 19, 1720.

(IV) Hackaliah Bridges, son of Caleb
Bridges, was born May 30, 1705. He
married, November 11, 1728, Sarah
Rugg, daughter of Jonathan Rugg. Chil-
dren: James, born June 2, 1729; Hacka-
liah, born 1739; Benjamin, mentioned be-
low ; Sarah, Nathan, Jonathan.

(V) Benjamin Bridges, son of Hacka-
liah Bridges, was born April 27, 1740, and
died January 26, 1814. He married, Oc-
tober 11, 1764, Esther Parker, who died
February 18, 1819, daughter of Timothy
and Keziah Parker. Children : Timothy,
born October 8, 1765 ; Sarah, May 6, 1768 ;
Nathan, November 26, 1772; Martin,
mentioned below.

(VI) Martin Bridges, son of Benjamin
Bridges, was born January 27, 1779, and
died November 5, 1832. He married, De-
cember 2, 1801, Urana Bridges, born
April 4, 1780, died November 5, 1832,
daughter of Hackaliah, Jr. and Elizabeth
(Underwood) Bridges. They were
cousins. Her father was a soldier in the
Revolution. Children: Hastings, born
October 7, 1802; Emory, January 11,
1806; Almira, March 25, 1809; Sumner,
mentioned below; Timothy, September,
1823 or 1825.

(VII) Sumner Bridges, son of Martin
Bridges, was born at Leicester, January
4, 1813, and died at Worcester, November
19, 1887. He married, October 30, 1834,
at Leicester, Nancy Draper, born May 5,
1813, died August 10, 1854, daughter of
Zenas and Jemima (Allen) Draper,
granddaughter of John and Rebecca
(Muzzy) Draper, great-granddaughter of
James and Mehitable (Whiting) Draper.
James Draper was the fifth of the same
name in direct line from the Puritan
founder of the family. Children of Sum-
ner Bridges: Lyman, born January 15,



1836; Francis, April 7, 1838; Ann Eliza,
March 17, 1840, married Albert Ander-
son Gordon (see Gordon VI).

(The Cox Line).

(I) The first of this family in America
was William Cox, a native of England,
who settled in that part of Maine called
Pemaquid, and was the ancestor of a
numerous family, many members of
which settled in various parts of Maine.
After residing many years on the eastern
shore of the Kennebec, he was driven
away in 1677 by Indian depredations, and
resided a long time in Salem, where he
died about 1720. There he married for his
second wife Hannah, daughter of Andrew
and Mary Woodbury, of Salem, born May
1, 1664. According to tradition he came
from Bristol, England, where the family
flourished, and which town gave its name
to Bristol, Maine. He was in Pemaquid
as early as 1625. He had three sons,
William, John and Thomas, the latter of
whom took the oath of freedom at Pema-
quid, July 27, 1674, and was a man of
some quality among his townsmen. He
removed to Boston.

(II) John Cox, son of William Cox, was
born about 1658, died November 25, 1742,
buried at Dorchester, Massachusetts, tl
made an important deposition at Boston,
September 18, 1736, in which he gave his
age as seventy-eight years, making the
date of his birth 1658. He stated that he
lived on the east side of the Kennebec,
then called Pemaquid, from whence the
settlers were driven by Indians in King
Philip's War, 1676. Early in life he
adopted the calling of fisherman and
finally settled at Dorchester, Massachu-
setts, and had land there November 23,
1742. He was assigned to seat No. 7 in
the first meeting house in Dorchester,
May 10, 1698. On April 4, 1721, he bought
land at Dorchester of the selectmen, on



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Squantum Neck, bounded on the south
and east by the sea and on the north by
the land of Widow Pope and in this deed
his occupation was stated as fisherman.
He was called "shoreman and fisherman"
in a deed dated May 5, 1736, conveying
the same property. He married Susanna,
daughter of John and Margaret Pope.
She owned the covenant and was baptized
at Dorchester, May 29, 1692. Their first
five children were baptized March 5, 1693,
and the other children afterward, at Dor-
chester, the First Church: Margaret,
Mary, Sarah, John, mentioned below ;
Thankful; William, born May 22, 1694;
James, baptized April 18, 1696; Ebenezer,
May 10, 1696; Elizabeth, born August 27,
1697; Thomas, baptized May 9, 1698;
Susanna, November 29, 1698, married
Enoch Wiswall; Joseph, August 4, 1700;
Submit, March 28, 1703, married Thomas
Maudsley, Jr. ; Benjamin, April 1, 1706.

(Ill) John (2) Cox, eldest son of John
(1) and Susanna (Pope) Cox, was born
about 1690, and was baptized at Dor-
chester, March 5, 1693. He and his wife
owned the covenant, August 9, 1713.
They lived at Dorchester until 1729,
when they removed to Falmouth, now
Portland, Maine, and he was received into
citizenship in the place of Thomas Cox,
perhaps his uncle, deceased. John Cox
received several grants of land in the
town, some of which included what is
now the corner of Middle and Pearl
streets, Portland, Maine. Portions of this
property remained in the possession of
John Cox's descendants until a very re-
cent date. He was in the fishing business'
and while on a trip to Pemaquid Falls,
near his ancestral home, lost his life in a
conflict with the Indians, May 22, 1747.
A single sentence from Drake's narrative
of the incident shows the character of
Captain Cox : "All retreated except Cap-
tain John Cox, who stood his ground and
was killed." Captain Joseph Cox, a resi-



dent of Falmouth, was also killed in the
same fight. John Cox married, December
11, 1712, Tabitha Davenport, born May 3,
1688, daughter of Ebenezer Davenport.
Children: James, born September 11,
1713, died February 25, 1718; Josiah, June
28, 1715; Tabitha, February 14, 1718,
married Joshua Moody ; John, mentioned
below; Dorcas, June 17, 1721, married
Enoch Wood; James, June 17, 1723;
married Catharine Grant; Esther, bap-
tized January 9, 1726; Mercy or Martha,
November 9, 1729; Thankful, born 1731,
married Samuel Hodgins.

(IV) John (3) Cox, third son of John
(2) and Tabitha (Davenport) Cox, was
born August 3, 1719, at Dorchester, and
was therefore about ten years old when
his father and family removed to Fal-
mouth. He was loyal to the king and the
government, but he waited until after the
Revolution before he decided to abandon
his home. He settled then in Cornwallis,
Nova Scotia, where many descendants
have lived since, and his grant of land
was dated in 1764. He died in Nova
Scotia about 1802, aged eighty-three. He
married (first) September, 1739, Sarah
Proctor, by whom he had nine children,
through whom the old Cox family of
Portland is descended. He married
(second) May 20, 1760, in Christ Church,
Boston, Sarah Bodkin. Children of first
wife : Keziah, married William Simonds
and Dan Pineo; Sarah, married Josiah
Cox; Dorcas, married Captain Jonathan
Paine; Karenhappuch, married Peter
Thomas ; Martha, married Peter Farrier
and Samuel Butts ; Mary, married Cap-
tain Joseph Means ; Nancy, married
Samuel Huston; Josiah, born 1756;
Samuel. Children of second wife : Eliza-
beth, baptized at Christ Church, May 1,
1763; Susannah, born January 1, 1764;
Thomas, born 1765; Julia, born May 9,
1767, died unmarried; Harry, mentioned
below; John, died young; John, married



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Lucy Harris; Gerritt, married Lucy
Comstock ; Charles, married Olive Ken-
nedy ; Samuel, married Anne Bishop ;
Betsey, married John Hamilton.

(V) Captain Harry Cox, son of John
(3) and Sarah (Bodkin) Cox, was born
at Falmouth, about 1768, and lived in
Nova Scotia. He married, December 19,

1793, at Cornwallis, Susannah Eaton,
born June 24, 1769, in that town, daugh-
ter of David and Deborah (White) Eaton.
Children : Paulina, born October 23,

1794, married Charles Starr, of Illinois;
Harry, born April 9, 1796, lost at sea;
George, January 20, 1798; Sarah, March
20, 1800; Arthur, April 4, 1802; Susan-
nah, March 17, 1804; John A., July 3,
1806; Judith, September 30, 1808; and
Garland, mentioned below.

(VI) Garland Cox, youngest child of
Captain Harry and Susannah (Eaton)
Cox, was born January 13, 1810, in Corn-
wallis, where he made his home. He
married (first) Eliza Keziah Pineo and
(second) Mrs. James Coffill. Children by
first wife: Louisa, married John W.
Taylor, of Horton, Nova Scotia ; Garland
Pineo, mentioned below ; Rev. George
Davenport, Baptist minister at Bear
River, Nova Scotia, married Ada David-
son, of Hansport, Kings county, Nova
Scotia, whom she survived; Rev. Joseph
H., married Adelia E. Davidson, of Corn-
wallis; Rev. Obadiah Erastus, pastor of
Trinity Baptist Church, Brooklyn, New
York, married (first) Emily Miller,
(second) Mary Penney, a widow.

(VII) Garland Pineo Cox, son of
Garland and Eliza Keziah (Pineo) Cox,
was born in Kings county, Nova Scotia,
in 1838. He attended the grammar school
in the vicinity of his home, and later
learned the trades of carpenter and ship-
builder, following these lines in Nova
Scotia and Boston, Massachusetts. He
was employed as head carpenter at the
City Hospital, Boston, for eight years,



and then entered the employ of the Allen



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