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of Massachusetts



Biographical Genealogical



Compiled with Assistance of the Following



ADVISORY COMMITTEE



WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER

Former Librarian of Woburn Public Library;
Historian of New England Historic-Genea-
logical Society; Author of "Hjstory of Arling-
ton," "Bibliography of Woburn," "History of
the Cutter Family," etc.

EUGENE C. GARDNER

Member of American Institute of Architecture,
etc.; Author of "Homes and How to Make
Them," and other popular works; Lecturer,
and frequent contributor to leading- magazines
and newspapers.

HARLAN HOGE BALLARD, A. M.

Librarian of Berkshire Athenaeum and Mu-
seum; Secretary of Berkshire Historical Soci-
ety; Author of "Three Kingdoms;" "World of
Matter;" "Translation into English, Hexameters
of Virgil's Aeneid;" Joint Author "American
Plant Book;" "Barnes" Readers;" "One Thou-
sand Blunders in English."

REV. JOHN H. LOCKWOOD, A. M.

Member of Connecticut Valley Historical Soci-
ety, and Western Hampden Historical Society;
-Author of "History of the Town of Westfield,
Mass."



HON. ELLERY BICKNELL CRANE

Charter Member, ex-President and for fifteen
years Librarian of Worcester Society of Antiq-
uity, and Editor of its Proceeding's; Author of
"Rawson Family Memorial," "The Crane Fam-
ily," in two volumes, "History of 15th Regi-
ment in the Revolution," and Compiler of a
Number of Genealogies of the Prominent Fam-
ilies of Massachusetts. Member of the New
England Historic-Genealogical and other His-
torical Societies.

CHARLES FRENCH READ

Clerk and Treasurer of Bostonian Society;
Director of Brookline Historical Society; Sec-
ond Vice-President of Mass. Soc. S. A. R.;
Chairman Membership Com. Mass. Soc. Colo-
nial Wars; Member Board of Managers, Mass.
Soc., War of 1812; Treasurer of Read Soc. for
Genealogical Research.

ROBERT SAMUEL RANTOUL

Ex-President of Essex Institute; Member of
Massachusetts Historical Society; ex-Repre-
sentative and ex-Mayor of Salem.

E. ALDEN DYER, M. D.

President of Old Briclgewater Historical Soci-
ety; President of Dyer Family Association.



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ILLUSTRATED



NEW YORK



19.16

THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY (inc.)

BOSTON



CHICAGO



THE NEW YO r K
PUBL: P,Y

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Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers

an honorable remembrance Thucydides




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. .



BIOGRAPHICAL






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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



NEWTON, James Hale,

Retired Bank President.

The Newton family, so ably represented
in the present generation by James Hale
Newton, who for the long period of thirty-
two years served as president of the Home
National Bank, he being one of the prin-
cipal organizers in 1884, is of English
origin, the pioneer ancestor arriving in
America many centuries ago, and from
then to the present time (1916) his de-
scendants have been residents of the vari-
ous States of the Union, contributing
their full share to the progress and de-
velopment of the communities wherein
they resided.

(I) Richard Newton, the pioneer an-
cestor above referred to, settled in Mas-
sachusetts prior to 1645, in which year
he was admitted a freeman of the colony,
and for a number of years he was a resi-
dent of Sudbury, removing from there to
Marlborough, his house being located in
the portion later set off as Southborough.
By his wife, Anna or Hannah Newton, he
was the father of six children, among
whom was Moses, of whom further. Rich-
ard Newton died in the year 1701, aged
nearly one hundred years, and his wife
passed away December 5, 1697.

(II) Moses Newton, son of Richard
and Anna or Hannah Newton, was born
in 1646, probably in Sudbury, Massachu-
setts, and later removed to Marlborough,
and was there active in defending the
town against the Indians during King
Philip's war. He married (first) October
27, 1667, Joanna Larkin, who died De-
cember 25, 1713. She bore him eleven
children, among whom was James, of



whom further. He married (second)
April 14, 1714, Sarah, daughter of Na-
thaniel and Sarah (King) Joslyn, of Marl-
borough. She was born 1650, and died
November 4, 1723.

(III) James Newton, son of Moses and
Joanna (Larkin) Newton, was born in
Marlborough, Massachusetts, January 15,
1683, died in Southborough, November
29, 1762, removing to that town in 1727.
He married (first) October 5, 1709, Mary
Joslyn, born April 14, 1685, died May 27,
1710, daughter of Nathaniel and Hester
(Morse) Joslyn, of Marlborough. He
married (second) September 8, 1712,
Rachel Greeley, who bore him six chil-
dren, among whom was Joseph, of whom
further.

(IV) Joseph Newton, son of James and
Rachel (Greeley) Newton, was born in
Southborough, Massachusetts, July 15,
1728, died in Hubbardstown, Massachu-
setts, in 1 795, whither he removed in 1777
from Templeton, in which town he resided
for a short period of time. He married,
December 29, 1756, in Southborough, Ex-
perience Drury, who bore him six chil-
dren, among whom, was Ebenezer, of
whom further.

(V) Ebenezer Newton, son of Joseph
and Experience (Drury) Newton, was
born in Southborough, Massachusetts,
December 8, 1770. and died in Greenfield,
Massachusetts, February 16, 1844, re-
moving to that town from Hubbards-
town, where he was an honored and es-
teemed citizen. He married Mary Howe,
born about 1775, died October 15, 1804,
and they were the parents of four chil-
dren, among whom was James, of whom
further.



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY

(VI.) James (2) Newton, only son of i\ II) James Hale Newton, son of
Ebenezer ami Mary (Howe) Newton, James (2) and Esther (Hale) Newton,
was born in Templeton, Ma>sachusetts, was born in llubbardstown, Massachu-
July 21, 1801, ami died in Greenfield, Mas- setts, January 13, 1832. In early boyhood
>achusetts. August 19. iSgi. having long he attended the district schools of Green-
passed the allotted time of three-score field, later \Villiston Seminary, in 1855
years and ten. He removed from his became a student at Amherst College, and
native town to llubbardstown, where for subsequently matriculated at Dartmouth
several years he conducted agricultural College, from which he was graduated in
pursuits, and in 1835 removed to Green- 1859. During the time he was in college,
field, where he spent the remainder of his he taught two terms in Whately, Massa-
days. He also successfully operated a chusetts, and one in Rockport, and in his
farm there, which was formerly the prop- senior year taught one term in Lebanon
erty of Zebina Knight ; in 1840 built the Center. He was also employed as a clerk
"Newton house," near Green river, and in stores during the summer months, as-
eight years later built the saw mill which suming these duties early in life. Imme-
was the foundation of the Newton for- diately after his graduation, June 15, 1859,
tune. He married, February 10, 1824, he was elected principal of the Thomas
Esther Hale, born in 1/99, died June 7, Street Grammar School in Worcester, the
1885, and they were the parents of the largest school in the city, and during the
following named children : i. Laura, born entire five years of his incumbency of
February 15, 1825, died November 26, that office he had what is probably the
1865 ; married, June 19, 1855, Israel B. unprecedented record of never inflicting
Cross, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 2. corporal punishment upon any pupil under
Sarah, born April 2, 1826, died April 26, his control. He was a born disciplinarian
1826. 3. Daniel Howe, born June 22, and teacher, and his school was noted for
1827 ; married, September 24, 1862, Mary the excellent order maintained therein.
A. Cogswell, of Essex, Massachusetts ; He impressed upon the scholars the fact
lived in Greenfield and Holyoke. 4. Jo- that they were there for the purpose of
seph Drury, born December 9, 1828; mar- being taught and he to teach them, and
ried, November 23, 1853, Prudence H. that they must work in perfect coopera-
Alvord, of Shelburne; lived in Greenfield tion with each other in order that both
and later in Holyoke. 5. Susan, born May might be highly successful. So impres-
27, 1830, died July 4, 1863. 6. James Hale, sive did this lesson become that after his
of whom further. 7. Moses, born Octo- first year it was hardly necessary to re-
ber 27, 1833; married, November 3, 1859, mind them of this fact, it being taken for
Maria B. Arms, of South Deerfield. 8. granted and each scholar making up his
Ebenezer, born April 6, 1835, died March mind, if possible, to outdo the other one
4, 1851. 9. Esther, born October 4, 1836; and assist not only themselves but the
married, March 25, 1863, Elias B. Me- teacher who furnished the incentive.
Clellan, of Greenfield; lived in Greenfield In 1864 Mr. Newton removed to Hol-
and Whately. now in Keene, New Hamp- yoke and in company with his elder
shire. 10. John Carter, born April 21, brother, Daniel Howe Newton, and his
1838; married, November 28, 1865, Lela younger brother, John Carter Newton,
F. Vulte, of New York ; resided in Hoi- and others, incorporated and organized
yoke. ii. Solon, born March 9, 1841, de- the Hampden Paper Company, the third
ceased ; was a resident of Greenfield. industry of its kind in the town at that

4



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY

time, and James H. Newton served the he always promoted the men who had
concern in the capacities of business man- shown the greatest interest in the work,
ager and treasurer for two years, at the and this method was carried out con-
expiration of which time he disposed of sistently, and every man in his employ
his interest in the business. In associa- strove to do the very best he could in
tion with his father-in-law, Calvin Taft, order to be worthy of promotion when
he secured the incorporation of the Frank- the opportunity presented itself. This, of
lin Paper Company, erecting a mill hav- course, brought the entire force up to a
ing a daily capacity of three tons of en- very high degree of efficiency with profit
velope and cardboard papers. He was to themselves and satisfaction to their
the principal owner of the stock of this employers.

company and filled the offices of treasurer In 1869 Mr. Newton invented and pat-
and manager. In 1867 he organized the ented a process for making cloth paper
Albion Paper Company, retaining his con- for collars and confined the operations of
nection with it until 1869, when he sold his mill to its manufacture. This process
his interest to his brother-in-law, Edward consisted in running cotton cloth through
C. Taft, of Holyoke. In 1875 he joined the paper-making machine at the same
Moses Newton, James Ramage and time with the paper pulp, thereby form-
George A. Clark in organizing the New- ing a layer of paper of suitable texture
ton Paper Company, and in 1879 he or- and thickness on one side and firmly
ganized the Wauregan Paper Company, attached to the cloth. Paper collars were
and erected the Wauregan mill, having a at first manufactured of paper alone, al-
daily capacity of six tons of writing and though some attempts in forming a corn-
envelope papers ; this mill was owned and pound fabric of paper and cloth by past-
operated by members of the Newton fam- ing by hand sheets of paper on cloth had
ily. The mills of the Franklin and Wau- been made, and cloth-lined paper of this
regan Paper companies were sold to the kind was to some extent in use. Mr.
American Writing Paper Company in Newton's combined cloth and paper came
July, 1899. In 1880 he joined with his into general use and its manufacture fur-
brothers, Moses, Daniel H. and John C., nished full employment to the Franklin
in organizing the Chemical Paper Com- mill. In 1873 tne method of preparing the
pany, and became president of the com- combined cloth and paper now employed
pany on the death of John C. Newton in was introduced. This process was to run
1899. 1 ^91 he erected the Norman a web of cloth between rolls, and coat it
Paper Mill, having previously established on one side with a strongly adhesive solu-
this company with a capital stock of tion of starch ; then to pass it in contact
$300,000, and was its president until 1892. with a web of paper of equal width.
This mill turned out twelve tons of writ- through a series of steam-heated rolls,
ing paper and envelopes per day, and was until the dry, finished cloth-paper came
operated up to 1899, when it was sold to out at the end of the machine. This pro-
the American Writing Paper Company, cess proved superior to that of Mr. New-
A spirit along the same lines as mani- ton, and superseded it, and he then turned
fested in his career as teacher and princi- his attention simply to the manufacture
pal later characterized Mr. Newton's of the paper to be used by others in the
business career, and at any time when it new method,
became necessary to fill a place higher up Although Mr. Newton was for almost

5



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY

half a century actively identified with the with the Holyoke City Library as trustee
industrial growth of Holyoke, enjoying since its incorporation, and now president
the distinction of having been one of the of the association. He was chairman of
pioneers in the work, he also devoted con- the parish committee of the Second Con-
siderable time and attention to other gregational Church for six years, and su-
channels, in which his efforts were equally perintendent of its Sunday school for one
successful. Jn 1872 he aided in the organ- year. He has always taken a keen inter-
ization of the Mechanics' Savings Hank est in college affairs, and was president
of Holyoke, serving as its president for of the Dartmouth Western Massachusetts
twelve years ; was a member of the board Alumni Association for two years. He
of directors of the Third National Bank was a member of the Connecticut Valley
of Springfield from 1873 to 1882; with Congregational Club from its organiza-
i 'tlicrs he organized the City Bank of tion and president for one year. He was
Holyoke, in which he was a director until also largely engaged in real estate opera-
18^4. when he with others, namely, his tions, and he erected a number of tene-
brothers, and E. L. Munn, its first cashier, ment houses and cottages for working
organized the Home National Bank of men and people of humble means, allovv-
Holyoke, of which he was president for ing them ample time in which to make
thirty-two years, until his resignation, at payments, thus performing a philan-
which time he received great commenda- thropic act for which many people were
tion for his faithful and efficient work exceedingly grateful.

from directors and associates; in 1885, he, Mr. Newton married (first) November
with others, organized the People's Sav- 23, 1863, Susan Wadsworth Taft, born
ings Bank, of which he was a trustee for 1841, died 1900, daughter of Calvin Taft,
several years. Mr. Newton is now in his of Worcester. Children: i. Edward Taft,
eighty-fifth year, and although still hale born December 15, 1864. 2. Frederick
and hearty, he concluded that it was time Hale, born February 23, 1866, died 1911.
he withdrew from official positions, which 3. Eliza. 4. James Bertram, born August
is a penalty one pays to age, but what is u, 1876. Mr. Newton married (second)
more delightful in financial or commercial June 29, 1904, Emily Norcross, born in
circles, to say nothing of manufacturing Winchester, Massachusetts, daughter of
circles, than to throw down the harness Warren Fisher and Emily (Colburn) Nor-
of business cares with the ringing ac- cross. Mrs. Newton was reared in Welles-
claim from associates "glory to your good ley Hills, graduated at Wellesley College,
works." Bachelor of Arts, 1880, Master of Arts,
Mr. Xewton also was an active factor 1884, and studied later at the Harvard
in other public affairs which had for their Annex and the American Schools of Ar-
object the upbuilding of the community, chaeology at Athens and Rome. She
He was chairman of the school commit- taught Latin in Smith College from 1889
tee from 1865 to 1868; represented his to 1904, holding the position of associate
district in the State Legislature for the professor when she resigned. Mrs. New-
year 1877; served on the Board of Public ton takes an active part in social, literary
\Vorks for the year 1897 ; has been a direc- and charitable work in the city of Hoi-
tor in the Holyoke City Hospital since its yoke, and is a member of many clubs and
organization, and has been connected organizations.

6



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY

LOOMIS, William S., to the front as sergeant of his company,

Journali.t, Man of Enterprise. servin ? tllC ful1 P eriod f r which ht had

enlisted, nine months, returning with a

Of ancient English family and tracing second lieutenant's commission won by

in America to Joseph Loomis, who came gallantry in action and devotion to a

in 1639, William S. Loomis, of honored soldier's duty. He saw actual warfare

memory, came into this world richly en- with his regiment at Newbern and Gold -

dowed with those qualities of heart, soul boro, bore well his part, receiving at the

and body, which make for the strong in- end of his term an honorable discharge,

tellectual and physical man. Holyoke, He again enlisted not long after his ln>t

Massachusetts, was the scene of his life's term expired, going to the front a second

activity and there, where best known, he time as paymaster's clerk, serving under

was best loved and appreciated. A re- Colonel \Y. II. C. Pearsons, remaining

view of his life work is most interesting, with the army until the final surrender at

and to the young man seeking an inspira- Appomattox.

tion will be found most helpful, as the After the war closed and until 1872 the

story of a man who met every responsi- young veteran was variously engaged, be-

bility as it presented itself with a brave coming interested also in journalism, his

heart, difficulties but nerving him to connection with the Holyoke "Transcript"

greater effort. beginning in 1872, when he became joint

The Loomis coat-of-arms is as follows : owner of that journal with E. L. Kirt-
Arms : Argent, between two pallets gules land. The "Transcript" was then a week-
three fleur-de-lis azure ; a chief of the last, ly newspaper and under the partners'
Crest : On a chapeau a pelican vulning mangement vastly increased its reputa-
its breast, proper. Motto: Nc cede inalis tion and circulation. About 1875 Mr.
(Yield not to misfortunes). Loomis purchased his partner's interest

William S. Loomis, son of Elijah W. and until 1882 edited and published the
Loomis, of Monson and Holyoke, Massa- paper alone. He gave it a more distinct
chusetts, was born at Monson, October and wider sphere of influence, changed it
7, 1840, and died at his summer home, to a semi-weekly, and so impressed his
Southwest Harbor, Maine, July 10, 1914. individuality upon the times byhiswhole-
During an early period of his boyhood his some and forceful editorial writings that
parents moved to Holyoke and there he the "Transcript" became the leading
obtained his education, finishing with newspaper of Holyoke. In 1882 he took
graduation from the high school. His the first step toward carrying out a long
earliest business experiences were as cherished ambition ; admitted William G.
bookkeeper for Deacon Edwin Chase, Dwight as a partner and in October, 1882,
who was then conducting an extensive the first issue of ''The Daily Transcript"
lumber business, and with E. J. Pomeroy, appeared. As a daily the "Transcript"
a grocer. He had just attained man's greatly widened its influence and use-
estate when the alarms of war awoke the fulness, the partners continuing its suc-
nation, and with all the ardor of youth cessful publication until 1887, when Mr.
and newly acquired responsibilities as a Loomis retired, Mr. Dwight becoming
citizen he embraced the Union cause. He sole owner of the paper, which under his
enlisted in 1861 in the Forty-sixth Regi- editorship still continues its useful career,
ment, Massachusetts Volunteers, going Those fifteen years spent in journalism

7



KX CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY

were years of great development and ing control of the company, Mr. Loomis
mental expansion for Mr. Loomis, his began the extension to Elmwood and at
editorial position requiring that he hold the same time laid out his tract of land as
broad and enlightened view-, that he a residence section. The road was corn-
might clearly and sanely guide tho>e who pleted, and with the running of the cars
look to the "Transcript" as their source regularly residences began to be erected
of enlightenment. He did not make the and the development of Elmwood was
"Transcript" a personal organ, but dis- fairly inaugurated. \Yhen electricity
cussed in its columns public questions, made its appearance as a propelling
local. State and national, from a patriotic power in street transportation, Mr.
standpoint, and advanced only well con- Loomis was one of the pioneers in its
sidered opinions. He was an exceedingly adoption and soon the city lines and the
forceful editorial writer, presenting his Elmwood extension were operating under
views in a clear and interesting manner, electric power. With rapid transit as-
\Vith his withdrawal from the "Trail- sured the Elmwood section rapidly in-
script," his official connection with jour- creased in popularity and has continued
nalism ceased. one of the choice residential locations of

After leaving the "Transcript" in 1887, the city of Holyoke, a result wholly at-

Mr. Loomis entered upon his career as a tributable to the energy and enterprise

traction magnate, although that distinc- of \Yilliam S. Loomis and the men who

tion was not of his own seeking origi- were influenced by his public spirit and

nally. In pursuit of business plans he initiative.

had purchased a tract of farm land adja- But the Elmwood extension was only

cent to Holyoke, which it was his inten- one advantage of his connection with

tion to improve and eventually add to the Holyoke's traction system. He built and

city's area. This land was located at operated the railway to Mount Tom, the

Elmwood in a fine farming section, but result being to make that spot of such

not available for suburban residences tin- great natural beauty accessible to the

less rapid transit between Elmwood and thousands of visitors who annually seek

Holyoke could be secured. Mr. Loomis, that locality on health and pleasure bent,

after acquiring the property, approached and to advance the permanent develop-

the Holyoke Street Railway Company ment of a large section. The city and

with the proposition that they extend suburban lines of the company were kept

their tracks to Elmwood, a proposition fully modernized as invention followed

which was promptly and decisively nega- invention, Mr. Loomis continuing presi-

tived. dent and general manager until January,

As the success of his undertaking de- 1912, when he resigned and was suc-
I ended upon the establishing of a transit ceeded by Louis D. Pellisser. He was
system, Mr. Loomis obtained through, also a director of the Northampton Street
purchase of stock in the company and Railway Company, president of the Ess-
through the cooperation of friends, a con- leek Paper Company of Turner's Falls
trolling interest in the company. The and vice-president of the Holyoke Sav-
road was then operated by horse power ings Bank.

and was limited in its extent in compari- The development of the "Transcript"

son with the extensive electric system as from an obscure weekly to a daily, the

ir now exists. Immediately upon secur- development of a horse railway to a great

8



KXCVCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



electric traction system, would constitute
an enduring claim to be gratefully re-
membered as one of the greatest of Hoi-
yoke's benefactors, but Mr. Loomis has
(iher claims to such remembrance. His
was the principal aid given in establish-
ing a library in the city in May, 18/0, and
later he inaugurated the movement for a
IH-W and appropriate library building, his
tireless energy, determination and gener-
osity resulting in the securing of the pres-
ent fine building. He ever maintained
official connection with the library, serv-
ing as auditor, member of the executive
committee and chairman of the board
of trustees. He was mainly instrumental
in the purchase and beautifying of For-
estdale Cemetery, and for many years
wa> president of the association in charge
of its development. The Home for Aged
People was an institution very near his



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