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A- "" / /'^'j^^.Ji




lln, Coanover on her death-bed



ANN CONNOVER.



WRITTEN FOR THE AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION, AJf
REVISED BY THE COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION



AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNIONS

NO. 146 CHESTNUT STREET.



ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1835,

By PAUL BECK, Jr., Treasurer,

in trust for the American Sunday-school Union, in the Clerk's
Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennf.-;:!'
vania.



EDUCATION



PREFACE.



MANY thousands of very respectable young persons
in our country are found at service. They are often left
alone in the world, and seek in vain for true friends
or wise counsellors. When it is considered what a
multitude of children are under their influence ; how
intimate is their relation to the families in which they
live, and how much good or evil they have it in
their power to do, if they are so disposed ; it seems a
matter of some consequence that they should rightly
understand the duties of their station, and have all
the help they can in discharging them.

The design of this little volume is to furnish them
with such help. It contains counsels and directions
upon the most important subjects in which they are
interested ; and the principal illustrations are from real
life. If the suggestions made in these pages were gene-
rally regarded by persons at service, as well as by their
employers, a great deal of misery and guilt would be
saved, and every class of society would feel the happy
change.

A 2 5

54 * 200



CONTENTS



CHAPTER I.

***

The station Going to service Death of Arm'a mo-
ther What is meant by one's station Each station
has its appropriate duties Illustration The pious
nurse Jane's estimate of a good employer Who
is the only perfect teacher and guide S

CHAPTER II.

Getting a place What makes a place good or bad
Ann's first adventure Mrs. Smith, and her views
of religion Ann's resolution Sundry cautions in
getting a place Mrs. Denby's Mr. Denby's views
of religion Impertinence, and its consequences
The boasting cook Mistakes of servants in trying
to get places 25

CHAPTER III.

Mrs. Sinclair Folly of listening to the tales of serv-
ants about places they have left Duties of em
ployers First interview with Bridget Mistakes
about the different kinds of service Mrs. Marsden
Choice of places Duties of e child's nurse
Rules about getting a place 47

CHAPTER IV.

Directions to servants from one of the best of masters
Ann's account of Bridget, and Jane's instructions
Rules of Scripture on this subject explained, and
illustrated by several anecdotes Eye-service de-
scribed Causes of hard work Good rules about
service 6j

6



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER V.'

.' ' * .. i P:i r> e

Self-will and its conse<^ences-.-Ho\v"'tp jjlea&p ii the',
manner of doing work Importance 'ciTctaan and
tidy habits Quiet and good order Little kind-
nesses Good rules on these subjects ............. 71

CHAPTER VI.

Obedience and respect due to employers Scripture
rules on this subject explained, and illustrated by
several anecdotes Sin and meanness of talking
against, or ridiculing the families in which we live

Illustration Useful rules of conduct on this sub-
ject ........................................... 81

CHAPTER VII.

Jane's account of her going to Mrs. Raymond's, ana
how she was treated, &c. The way to keep a good
place Character of a good mistress delineated
How employers may greatly benefit their servants. 93

CHAPTER VIII.

The evils of changing places Every place has its pe-
culiar troubles Advantages of keeping one place

Good advice on this subject ................... 101

CHAPTER IX

Conduct towards fellow-servants Description of ai
ill-natured servant Rules of behaviour drawn from
the Bible Story of Alice Peculiar duties of a
Christian servant Seven short and simple direc-
tions for a professor of religion at serv ice ......... 107

CHAPTER X.

Bridget's adventure in the evening Proper and useful
employments for leisure time The sleigh-ride
Proper use of Sunday The advantages of steadily
attending at one place of worship Deceit and its
consequences, illustrated by several anecdotes In-
temperance, its consequences arid remedy The
Temperance society Those who drink to be avoid-
ed, and why Story of Amanda The trembling
madness described How drimdng unfits one for
service ............... ., ........... 118



8 . . CONTENTS.



HAPTER xi.

. ' . Pa *'

y . O f. Lucy Knd the^egg- woman True
." Jprim;iplec/JibKeVty < arti fidelity stated Purloining
defined and explained What became of Lucy
Different ways of defrauding employers Bridget
instructed and converted ....................... 134

CHAPTER XII.

oily of fine dress Proper use of wages, illustrated
by several anecdotes How much good can be done
with a little money Account of various benevolent
institutions, and their objects To whom our wages
really belong .................................. 143

CHAPTER XIII.

Ann in danger of being destroyed Her aunt's faith-
fulness to her Arm's folly Good rules about form-
ing acquaintances with men ..................... 158

CHAPTER XIV.

Unhappy marriages, and the cause of them Histories
of several young women, to i. frustrate this Com-
mon mistakes on this subject, and good rules for
avoiding them Conclusion J aVs happy death
Ann takes her place ........................ 166



ANN CDNNOYER



CHAPTER I.

The Station Going to Service.

" DEAR sister," said Jane Duga*i, " you
told me you felt ready to die ; you trusted that
God had forgiven your sins for Christ's sake,
and that you would be glad to leave all your
pains and go to him. Why then do the tears
come in your eyes all the time ? What trou-
bles you?"

The sick woman lay on a low, straw bed,
in the corner of a small, but comfortable
room. Her eldest daughter, about sixteen
years old, was kneeling beside her. Jane
Dugan was leaning over her with the tender-
ness of a fond sister. (See frontispiece.)
Her question, however, seemed to add to the
sorrow of the sufferer ; for she began to cry
as if her heart would break.
t " Oh ! my children, my poor dear chil-
dren ; what will become of them when I am
gone ?"

Jane looked over to the other side of the
room, where two little ones were playing
merrily together, not thinking that they were
soon to lose their mother.

9



10

anxiety Wrong views.



; '.' 4 Jp4d 'yjm sueak jta&ithe minister about
'tlieni i'^WfeJiSie..

" Oh, yes ! and he said he would have the*
small ones put'in the Orphan Asylum."

" But will they be well treated there ?"

11 To be sure," answered Jane ; " if the
clergyman will get them into the Orphan
Asylum, you may be quite easy about thelfep-;
and, a? r or James here, a smart, healthy boy of
fifteen can always get a living in this coun-
try, as long as he is honest, sober, and indus-
trious. I will speak about him to Mr. Ray-
mond, the gentleman I live with ; and I am
sure he will get a place on some farm, or in
some shop, for him."

" Well," interrupted the sick woman,
" God be thanked ! But Ann," she added,
passing her feeble arm round the neck of her
daughter, and drawing her head close down
to the pillow, " my poor, dear girl; what is
she to do ?"

She looked in her face a while, with the
earnest fondness of a dying mother ; then
bursting into tears again,

" Ann will have to go out to service."

" Well !" said Jane, " and have not I been
out to service ever since I was twelve years
old ; and I am sure I have done very well,
and been very happy."

" Ah !" replied Ijdftuster, " you have been
more luck}- than other people. You are the



11

Resignatroji Mother's death.



only one I ever heard of that was put first

into a religious family ; and you never left

* your place. Ann is~such a young thing, too ;

and it is very hard to have to slave for other

" people ; and she will be in so much danger

and temptation to do wrong. I do not know

what will become of her." With this she

sobbed more violently than ever, and poor

Ann mingled her tears with her mother's.

Jane saw it was of no use to reason with
them then ; she only said, " Sister, you must
not cry so, you will hurt yourself. You
know w^e have some good reason to hope that
Ann is a child of God. Surely, if she is, He
will take care of her. Can you not trust her
in His hands?"

" I do !" said the dying woman, looking
up and smiling through her tears ; " but"

The rest could not be heard : her voice
sank into a whisper. Jane put her ear close
to her lips, and caught these words " Sis-
ter, do watch over Ann do."

They were the last she ever spoke. Her
distress and crying had wearied her so much
[ that she fell into a deep sleep; and it \vafl.
some time before the sister and daughter susht
pected that it was the sleep of death. V

When Arm could no longer doubt it, she was '
so overcome with grief, that she had no heart
to do any thing. Jane, however, had got leave
to stay a week with her sifter ; and she saw



12

State of the family vfcpng notions.



to every thing. The jpijp 1 woman was de-
cently buried ; the little ones were sent to the
Orphan Asylum, and James jyas taken into
Mr. Raymond's store, until another place
could be found for him.

But when all was done, there were only a
few shillings left ; about enough to pay the
month's rent of the room. The passage out
from the old country ; the sickness with which
the mother was taken as soon as she reached
America ; the expenses of living ; and the
cost of the funeral, &c. had taken all the
money they had got by selling the farm after
the father's death.

It wanted about a week to the end of the
month. Ann was sitting alone in the room
when her aunt Jane came in. Ann was de-
lighted to see her, for she seemed like another
mother to her. After they had sat awhile,
Jane said,

" Well, Ann, where do you expect to go at
the end of this week?"

" Oh !" said Ann, with a sigh, " that is just
what I was thinking about. I suppose I must

use myself and look round for a place. I

ust make up my mind to go to service : but
cdo hate and dread it above all things."

Ann never had worked out, and she was
set against it by the way in which she had
heard her mother talk. Her eyes were full



13

Mistaken views Two sides.



of tears in a minute. Jane looked at her, and
almost laughed.

" Why, what is the matter now ?" said she.

" Matter !" cried Ann, " matter enough, if
I have got to slave myself to death for stran-



Slave yourself to death !" said her aunt;
" who wants you to slave yourself?"

" Well," answered Ann, " I am sure it will
be no better, if I am to be trying to do as lit-
tle work as ever I can, and the person I live
with is to be trying to get as much out of me
as ever she can ; and so we are to be always
crossing each other."

11 Why, how you talk !" exclaimed Jane
Dugan ; " I see, child, that you do not under-
stand at all what it is to go to service ; or
what will be expected from you."

" What is it, then ?" asked Ann.

" When a girl lives with a lady," answer-
ed Jane, " the lady, you know, gives her her
food and lodging ; that is as much as would
cost eighty or a hundred dollars a year. And
besides that, she pays her wages, from one
dollar to six or seven dollars every month.
Four dollars a month would be forty-eight
dollars a year. Now, of course, the lady
does not do all this for the girl for nothing."

" No, no," interrupted Ann, " I know that.
And I want you to tell me what the girl is to
do on her part."

B



14

Another mistake Name is nothing.



' Well," said Jane, " I cannot say how it
is in other places, but I know just what is ex-
pected from her where I am acquainted. She
must do, every day, the particular work that
she engaged to do ; say the cooking, or the
chamber-work. Besides that, she must be
willing, any time, to put her hand to any
other little thing the lady wishes to have
done. In short, the mistress of the family
has a right, whenever she wants any thing
done, to call upon the girl who lives with her
to do it for her ; but if she requires more
than is proper, or reasonable, you know the
girl may leave her. So where is the hard-
ship ? It is a fair bargain between them."

Ann sat silent a moment ; then looking up
through her tears, with a smile, half-pleased
and half-asfyamed, she said

" Well, if that is the way of it, it is not
such a very hard thing after all."

But soon her face grew long and sad again.

" Aunt Jane," said she, " I would be sor-
ry to displease you by what I am saying,
but I do think that it "is a low and a mean
thing to be a servant."

" I am not displeased at all by what you
say," answered Jane ; " but I must tell you
that you are quite mistaken. There is no-
thing low and mean about it. If it is the
name 4 servant* you do not like," said she.
laughing, ' you need not be called so Our



15

God's judgment Cotton factory.



ladies here will say ' help' or 4 domestic/ if it
suits you any better ; but I think myself it is
all the same, whatever we are called, and
' servant' is as good a name as any other.
It is the one used in the Bible you know.
But," added she, more seriously, " you ought
to try, Ann, to think about these things as
God teaches you to think. He ' is no respec-
ter of persons ;' he is as much pleased with
a good servant as with a good judge or a good
president. He does not honour people for
having fine clothes or carriages, or for being
able to write poems, or to fight great battles.
But the men and women who do what they
ought to do in their station, those are the ones
that God thinks high and honourable ; and it
makes no difference what their station is."

" Those who do what they ought in their
station!" said Ann ; "their statitfn; what do
you mean by their station?"

"Did you ever in the old country see 9
large manufactory?"

44 Yes," said Ann, " I was once in a cotton-
factory."

"And what did you see there?" asked her
aunt.

" !" said Ann, " there was a large build-
ing where the cotton cloth was made, and it
was full of people helping to get it done. I
saw they were not all at the same kind of
work ; for some were at one part, and some



God's purpose Factory again.



upon another. But there was such a bustle
and such a dust, and so much noise of the
wheels, that I cannot well tell what I did see."

" Well, suppose this had been a factory for
making linen cloth, instead of cotton, and
suppose the work had been all done by the
hand instead of machines, you can think
what you would have seen in such a factory.
There would be some breaking the frax, some
spinning it with the wheel, some weaving
it, some bleaching it, and some dressing and
finishing it.

" Very good ! that is exactly the way with
this world and the people in it. The facto
ries are built to have some particular thing
made or done in them ; just so God has made
this world, and there is something to be
done in it, and the Bible tells us what that
is. God would show us and all his creatures
how good and just and merciful he is. He
would have this be done by sending the gospel
of his Son, Jesus Christ, all over the world,
and teaching every one how to read and obey
it. This is what God would have done in
this world.

" Now, how does he get it done ? Just as
the manufacturer gets the linen made. He
sets people to do it for him. God could have
his work finished by only saying the word ;
but that is not the way he chooses. He has
ordered the men, women, and children in this



17

Change of station Servants of God.



world to work for him. All persons are
God's work-people. They are like factory
people. Do you understand me ?"

44 Yes," said Ann ; " go on."

" Now in the factory all have different
things to do. In the linen factory, some
would be hacklers, some winders, some spin-
ners, some weavers, some bleachers, and
some dressers and finishers. So in this world
some are preachers, some rulers, some judges,
some merchants, some mechanics, some pa-
rents, some children, some labourers, some
domestics, and so on. All are, or ought to be,
helping to do God's work. But they have their
different parts of it, different kinds of busi-
ness to attend to, or different stations. You
have been all your days in the station of a
daughter at home, now you are going to be
in the station of a domestic. I suppose by
this time you understand what I mean by
your station ?"

" I believe I do," said Ann, hesitatingly.

44 1 will try another way to make it plain to
you," said Jane. " You know, in the Bible,
Abraham and Noah, and Moses and David,
and Solomon and Paul, and Peter and all the
great and good men, are called ' servants of
God?'"

44 Yes," said Ann, 44 the Bible seems to say
that all people are the servants of God."

44 Right," answered Jane, 44 that is what I



J8

New station New duties.



was going to say. All men, women, and
children are his servants. God is the mas-
ter over all. Now think what a great house
full of God's servants this world is."

" Yes ; go on, if you please," said Ann.

Jane went on. " You have seen families
where there were a great many servants.
You have seen them in the old countries ; and I
have seen them here. Now, you know, in such
families, each one has a different place and a
different work to attend to. There is the house-
keeper, the head-cook, and the under-cooks,
the chambermaid, the nurse, the butler, the
waiter, the coachman, the footman, the scul-
lion, and the errand-boy.

" Yes, yes," interrupted Ann, " but what
of that?"

" That is just the way God has fixed this
great world. It is full of servants of his.
He has given each one his or her own place,
and his or her own work to do. Some of us
are governors, some ministers, some mer
chants, some labourers, some parents, some
children, some employers, and some servants,
as I said before. You have had the place or
station of a daughter at home, now you are
going to take that of domestic. If you had
been cook in a gentleman's family, and were
to change and take the place of chambermaid
you would have a different kind of work to
do, would you not ?"



19

New duties Another mistake.



" To be sure," said Ann.

" Then, now that you are changing your
station in God's great household, you will
have different things to attend to, or new du-
ties. Asa daughter, it was your duty to love
and help your parents ; as a servant, you will
have other things that you ought to attend to."

" I see," said Ann, " I see it all now.
And you say that God is as much pleased
with a good servant as with a good king ; that
the station makes no difference in his eyes ;
and that all the real honour is in doing the du-
ties of our own station. So there is nothing
low or mean in being at service, you think.
But," added she, thoughtfully, " after all, the
station of a servant is a poor, good-for-nothing
station. For surely a girl that is working about
house all the time cannot be helping any body
to do what God wants done. I mean they
cannot be helping to spread the gospel and
religion, or any such thing. Indeed, I do
not see that she can do any good at all."

" Wrong again," cried Jane ; " you are
quite wrong about both those things. Me-
chanics, and bakers, and dress-makers, and
house-servants, when they are hard at work
at their trades, are all helping to get the reli-
gion of the Bible spread."

"How you talk now !" cried Ann,' in sur-
prise ; " how can one that is baking bread,
or making clothes, or cooking a dinner, be



20

Colour-grinder Servants spread the gospel.

helping to teach men about God and re-
ligion ?"

" Why, just in the same way that Dermot,
the colour-grinder, helped his master to paint
the beautiful pictures. Dermot took me once
to the room with him. The gentleman was
laying on the colours in a way none of us
could do, I am sure. I could not make out
how he did it. And all the time Dermot was
grinding the lumps of paint into smooth pow-
der, and mixing the oils, and making the
canvass ready for him. Now what if there
had been no one to do these things ?"

" I suppose," said Ann, " the painter must
have left off painting to do them himself."

" Just so," said Jane ; " and that would
have taken up about all his time, so that he
could neither have painted himself nor taught
his scholars, though he knew how so well;
and so there would have been no pictures, or
very few. Now"

" I know what you are going to say," cried
Ann, her face brightening up ; " if there were
no mechanics and no servants, then preachers
and writers, and all such as have gained a
good education, would have to get their own
food and clothes, and do housework for them-
selves. And that would keep them busy aU
day long, and every day ; so that they would
not have time to preach and write books, and
spread knowledge and religion, however fii



21

A servant's influence Pious nurse-maid.

and able they might be to do it ; so there
would be little or no good done. Yes, I see
that servants help to get the gospel taught,
just as Dermot helped to get the pictures
painted."

" Well done, Ann !" exclaimed Jane, with
a smile, " you took the words right out of my
mouth. And besides making time for others,
a girl at service may do many things to cause
her fellow creatures to be religious and hap-
py. If she is careful to follow the rules of
the Bible in all her conduct to her employers
and to her companions, they will notice it,
and will see that her religion makes her what
she should be ; and that will be very likely
to lead them to be so too. And how much
good may she do her fellow servants by read-
ing the Bible to them, and speaking to them
of their duty, and telling them of their faults
in a proper manner. In many situations she
may do the same towards the children.

" I have heard the story of a pious nurse-maid
whose prayers and efforts were very much
blessed in this way. One night when the
little girls of whom she had the care were
going to bed, she offered to read to them in
the Bible. They let her do it because she
wished it ; for she was so faithful and so kind,
that they would not disoblige her. Evening
after evening she read to them, but they
6 cared for none of these things.' At last she



22

Blessing to a family Error seen.



was taken sick, and she died in the house.
During her last sickness, she was full of
peace and joy, because she trusted in her Sa-
viour, and she had a hope of heaven and of
everlasting happiness. Then the young peo-
ple began to think that there must be some-
thing good in her religion. They remember
ed the truths their nurse had so often read
and talked about; and soon, through the
blessing of God, the greater part of the family
became truly pious, and remarkable for living
as Christians ought to live.

" There is still another way in which a good
servant can often be of the greatest use and
comfort to those she lives with. I mean by
attending and helping the sick and dying. I
think that the station of a servant is one in
which a person may be very useful."

Ann sat a moment, thinking.

" Well, to be sure !" said she at last, " how
foolish and ignorant I was. I thought I was
just to -work, because I must do it for my
living ; and that all I was to try for, was to
get as much wages, and do as little work as
ever I could. Now I see, that in going to
service, I am taking one of the places or sta-
tions under God in this world. That I am
going to take part of his work, and a part too
that must be done by somebody or other, 01
the gospel would never be taught and preach-
ed aft over the world. And what I am to try



23

Instruction asked Jane's promise.



to do, is to please God by doing as I ought to
do in that station, and by using all the oppor-
tunities it gives me of doing good to those
around me. But, dear aunt," added she, " I
do not know rightly what I ought to do as ?.
servant. What are the duties of my station ?
How can I find out?"

" Read your Bible, and pray God to show
you, and to help you," answered Jane.

"Ann," said she, after a while, "I will
tell you what I will do for you. I will teacb
you what the lady I live with taught me. 1
went to her when I was twelve years old
and a wild unruly child I was. Mrs. Ray-
mond was a young married woman then, and
a dear good woman she was, too. She bore
with my faults and follies, and took as much
charge of me as if I had been her own. And
with all the care and kindness possible, she
went on, day alter day, and month after


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