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APR 22 1937



THE

AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

BULLETIN

WASHINGTON, D. C.



Volume XII



FEBRUARY, 1937



No. 5



THE SUMMER SCHOOL

Announcement of

Graduate and Undergraduate Work in the Social Sciences

including —
A Seminar on the Teaching of the Social Sciences

Third Annual Institute of the School of Public Affairs

including —

A Public Business Laboratory

Institute on Inter-American Relations.

Round-table discussions on current problems conducted by leaders
in fields of government, education, business and labor

June 28 to August 7, 1937



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SUMMER SCHOOL CALENDAR FOR 1937



Classes are held daily throughout the Summer Session except on
Saturdays and Sundays. The last Saturday, however, is one of the
two days assigned for examinations.

June 28, Monday — Summer School begins. Registration.

June 29, Tuesday — Registration.

June 30, Wednesday — All classes begin.

July 5, Monday — Holiday.

July 6, Tuesday — Last day for registration without payment of $2
late registration fee.

July 8, Thursday — Last day on which late registration is permitted.

July 15, Thursday — Second installment on tuition due.

July 19, Monday — Last day for payment of second installment on
tuition.

August 6, Friday — Examinations.

August 7 , Saturday — Examinations.



The American University Bulletin is issued monthly during the academic year

from October to July, inclusive, by The American University. Entered

as second-class matter March 23, 1926, at the Post Office at

Washington, D. C, under the Act of August 24, 1912.



OFFICERS OF THE SUMMER SCHOOL, 1937



Joseph M. M. Gray, Chancellor of the University, B.A., Williams-
port Dickinson; B.D., Drew; D.D. Baker; Litt.D., Syracuse;
S.T.D., Dickinson.

Arthur S. Flemming, Director, Summer School; Director, School
of Public Affairs, B.A., Ohio Wesleyan ; ALA., American;
LL.B., George Washington.

Herbert E. Walter, Business Manager. Washington School of
Accountancy; Alexander Hamilton Institute.

Anne Jensen, Librarian. ALA., Des Moines; B.S. in L.S., Illinois.

Raymond J. Spaeth, Assistant Business Manager and Bursar. B.A.,
American; AI.Bus.Adm., Harvard.

Jeanne Simmons, Recorder and Assistant Bursar. B.A., Radcliffe.

Members of the Faculty

Joseph M. AT. Gray, Chancellor of the University, B.D., Drew;
D.D., Baker; Litt.D., Syracuse; S.T.D., Dickinson.

Arthur S. Flemming, Director, Summer School; Director, School
of Public Affairs. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan; ALA., American;
LL.B., George Washington.

Wesley M. Gewehr, Professor of History, Ph.B., ALA., Ph.D.,
Chicago

Leon C. Marshall, Professor of Political Economy. A.B., LL.D.,
Ohio Wesleyan ; A.B., A.M., Harvard.

Ben A. Arneson, Visiting Professor of Political Science. B.A.,
ALA., Ph.D., Wisconsin. (On leave, Ohio Wesleyan.)

Ernst Correll, Associate Professor of Economic History. Dr.
oec. publ., Alunich.

Catheryn Seckler-Hudson, Associate Professor of Political Sci-
ence. B.S., Northeast Alissouri State Teachers; ALA., Alis-
souri ; Ph.D., American.

A. Curtis Wilgus, Visiting Associate Professor of Hispanic-Ameri-
can History. B.A., ALA., Ph.D., Wisconsin.

Lowell F. Huelster, Assistant Professor of Economics. B.A.,
Lawrence; ALA., Ph.D., Illinois.

Howard S. Piquet, Adjunct Professor of Economics. B.S., New
York; A.AL, California; Ph.D., Princeton. (Economist,
U. S. Tariff Commission.)

James F. Grady, Lecturer in Government Correspondence. A.B.,
Boston; Graduate Study, Pittsburg, California. (Special As-
sistant to the Governor, Farm Credit Administration.)



4 THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

Oswald Nielsen, Lecturer in Accounting. Ph.B., Chicago; Ph.D.,
Minnesota. (Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce,
Department of Commerce.)

Gordon E. Ockey, Lecturer in Statistics. A.B., Wisconsin; Grad-
uate Study, California. (Assistant Agricultural Economist,
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricul-
ture.)

Henry Reining, Jr., Lecturer in Public Administration. A.B.,
Akron; A.M., Ph.D., Princeton. (Educational Director,
National Institute of Public Affairs.)

Walter H. Young, Lecturer in Public Administration. A.B., Ohio
Wesleyan ; LL.B., George Washington.



THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
SUMMER SCHOOL 1937



The American University Summer School is not just another sum-
mer school. It is a six weeks' session with one primary objective: To
make it possible for teachers and students of the social sciences to ob-
tain a realistic picture of the manner in which the Federal Government
is approaching its current problems. In furtherance of this objective,
all courses offered are restricted to the field of the social sciences.

In addition, through the facilities of the Third Annual Institute of
the School of Public Affairs, all full-time students will have the oppor-
tunity of : 1 ) participating in a unique Public Business Laboratory
designed to give them a realistic picture of problems in the field of
National Administration by means of classroom work, and group con-
ferences with officials who will meet the group in their own offices
and demonstrate and explain the operations of their administrative
units; 2) participating in an Institute on Inter- American Relations
under the direction of some of the Nation's outstanding authorities
in the field; 3) participating in round-table discussions on current
problems, conducted by leaders in the fields of government, education,
business and labor.

Courses in the Social Sciences

In arranging its curriculum for the Summer School, the University
has kept in mind the needs and interests of four groups, namely, ( 1 )
high school teachers of the social sciences; (2) advanced undergraduate
and graduate students who are pursuing work in the field of the social
sciences and who desire to combine study with an introduction to
Washington at work; (3) regular students of the University who are
associated with the University throughout the academic year and who
desire to continue their work during the summer; and (4) mature
men and women whose primary interest is not in academic credits, but
in adding to their fund of knowledge and discussing with thoughtful
people contemporary developments in economics, education, and
politics.

Teaching the Social Sciences (with special reference to
problems confronting supervisors of social studies and
teachers in high schools and junior colleges)

No problem has received more attention in recent years than the
curriculum and the teaching of the social sciences in elementary



6 THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

schools, junior and senior high schools, and junior colleges. One of
the leaders in the field is Leon C. Marshall, author of many social
science texts at both school and college levels, and recently the author
of "Curriculum Making in the Social Studies," one of the volumes
issued by the Commission on the Social Studies of the American His-
torical Association. The analysis made in this volume has been re-
garded with approval by the Commission on History of the College
Entrance Examination Board.

During the summer, Mr. Marshall will conduct a special seminar
on the presentation of the social sciences, giving particular attention
to the fundamental simplicities that underlie the present complex de-
tails of the social sciences and to methods of utilizing this situation in
securing more effective presentation. The work should be particularly
helpful to supervisors of social studies and teachers in high schools and
junior colleges, as well as to those preparing for such positions.

Public Business Laboratory

In this modern age, teachers and students of the social sciences are
vitally interested in obtaining a more intimate picture of the machinery
and activities of the Federal Government. In response to this type
of interest, the School of Public Affairs of American University is
including as a part of its Third Annual Institute a Public Business
Laboratory.

The work of the Laboratory will be available to a limited number
of fulltime students whose background and experience would indicate
that they can carry on the work with benefit. The core of the Public
Business Laboratory will be group conferences with outstanding ad-
ministrative officials who will demonstrate and explain the work of
their own departments ; discuss the problems of management and
organization with which they are confronted ; and, wherever prac-
ticable, permit the members of the group to obtain a first hand view
of actual operations.

Preparation for and the interpretation of the field conferences and
demonstrations will be provided students participating in the project
through class room meetings with four of American University's full
time faculty members who have specialized in the field of national
administration.

Attention will be paid not only to the specific activities of particular
departments but also to the manner in which the Federal Government
handles broad functions of government, such as housing, welfare, aid
to agriculture, supervision of banking operations, raising and expendi-
ture of public funds, and law enforcement.

The student participating in the Public Business Laboratory should
gain through this project a realistic view of the problems of federal
administration ; a knowledge of the environment in which government



THE SUMMER SCHOOL /

operates ; and an acquaintance with the outstanding personalities carry-
ing the responsibilities of government. This experience should make
him a better teacher and an abler student of the social sciences.

Institute of Inter-American Relations

Never before has there been as much interest in Inter-American
Relations, for the cultivation of this field is one of the major activities
of the present administration. In no other place is the opportunity
for the study of contemporary American relations as great as it is in
Washington. With the resources of the Embassies and Legations at
its disposal, as well as those of the Pan American Union, the Uni-
versity has developed a program which will combine class room work
with lectures by leaders in the field, and with informal round table
discussions led by persons who are giving virtually their whole time
to improving relations between the American States.

The first part of the Institute will be devoted to lectures, readings,
and discussions on the background of Inter-American relations, while
the second part will be given over to directed readings, the preparation
of reports on various topics, and the discussion of contemporary Inter-
American problems through lectures and round table discussions by
leading authorities. The course will aim to provide students with the
information necessary to a better understanding of our relations with
the nations on the American continent and enable them through in-
formal discussions with authorities, to find answers to innumerable
perplexing contemporary problems facing the nations of America.

The Institute will be under the direction of Dr. A. Curtis Wilgus,
who will be assisted by visiting lecturers. Among those who have
already consented to deliver lectures and lead discussions in connection
with the Institute are: Ricardo J. Alfaro, former President of
Panama and Minister to Washington; Charles E. Babcock, Librarian
of the Columbus Memorial Library, Pan American Union ; James
Morton Callahan, Professor of American History, University of
West Virginia; Raul d'Eca, Editorial Division, Pan American Union;
William E. Dunn, Assistant Director, Bureau of Foreign and Do-
mestic Commerce, U. S. Department of Commerce; Concha Romero
James, Chief of the Division of Intellectual Cooperation, Pan Amer-
ican Union ; Bolivar Lloyd, Assistant to the Director of the Pan
American Sanitary Bureau, Pan American Union ; William Manger,
Counsellor of the Pan American Union ; Gaston Nerval, Latin Amer-
ican Journalist, Author; William A. Reed, Foreign Trade Advisor,
Pan American Union ; James A. Robertson, Editor, Hispanic Amer-
ican Historical Review; William Sanders, Chief of the Juridical Di-
vision, Pan American Union ; Jose Tercero, Chief of the Travel
Division, Pan American Union ; George Wythe, Latin American



8 THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

Expert in the U. S. Department of Commerce ; and Hermino Portell
Vila, Professor of American History at Black Mountain College,
North Carolina, and leading Cuban historian.

Round Table Discussions

As a result of its experience in conducting the annual Institutes of
the School of Public Affairs, The American University has discovered
that one of the most effective ways in which to introduce interested
persons to the problems of the Federal Government is through the
medium of round table discussions conducted by outstanding leaders
in the fields of government, education, business, and labor.

During the 1937 Institute of the School of Public Affairs, these
round table discussions will be conducted at least twice a week and will
take the form of luncheon meetings at some convenient hotel in down-
town Washington.

Among those who have participated in round table discussions at
former sessions of these annual Institutes are: Lyle G. Belsley, Execu-
tive Director of the United States Civil Service Assembly ; Clarence
Darrow, former Chairman of the NRA Review Board ; Frederick M.
Davenport, Chairman, National Institute of Public Affairs; William
Green, President of the American Federation of Labor; Jesse H.
Jones, Chairman of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation ; James
M. Landis, Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission ;
David Lawrence, Editor of the United States News ; Lewis Meriam
of the Institute of Government Research, Brookings Institution ; Eu-
gene Meyer, Publisher, Washington Post; Robert Lincoln O'Brien,
Chairman of the United States Tariff Commission ; Leo Pasvolsky of
the Institute of Economics, Brookings Institution ; Henry Wallace,
Secretary of Agriculture ; Charles West, Under Secretary of the
Interior; and Leonard D. White, member of the United States Civil
Service Commission.

During the 1937 Institute some emphasis in connection with these
round table discussions will be placed upon the problems which con-
front the high school teacher of the social sciences who endeavors to
deal with current issues of a controversial nature.

The Schedule

The Seminar in the Teaching of the Social Sciences and the Public
Business Laboratory will be held in the morning. Other classes will
be conducted in the late afternoon and evening, beginning at 5 :00 p.m.,
at the University Downtown Center, which is located at 1901 F.
Street Northwest, two blocks from the State, War and Navy Depart-
ments, and close to the Carnegie Library of International Peace and
such institutions as the Pan American Union.



THE SUMMER SCHOOL 9

The fact that most classes will be conducted in the late afternoon
and evening will give full time students the opportunity of devoting
most of their day to obtaining a factual acquaintance with Washing-
ton, to listening to Congressional hearings and hearings before the
various commissions, and will also enable them to take advantage of
the specialized libraries, most of which close at 4:30.

A detailed schedule showing the exact time when classes will meet
will be available for distribution on or about June 1.

Tuition Fees

The registration fee for each student enrolled in the Summer
School is $2. The regular tuition fee is $8 per credit hour. In other
words, a student enrolling for the full program of six hours would pay
$48 plus the $2 registration fee, or a total of $50.

A student regularly enrolled in one course may audit one or more
additional courses at the rate of $5 per credit hour.

For registration after July 6, a late registration fee of $2 will be
charged. Under the regulations of the Business Office, no exception
can be made to this rule.

Payment of Fees

All accounts are payable at the office of the Bursar, 1901 F Street,
Northwest. No student is permitted to complete registration nor to
attend classes until all charges are paid or contracted for. Fees and
tuition for the Summer School are due and payable in advance at the
time of registration.

Subject to the approval of the Bursar, students may sign contracts
for tuition only, permitting installment payments as follows: One-
half at the time of registration ; one-half on July 15.

Students who fail to pay their second installment by July 19 will be
suspended, and may not attend classes until they have paid all accrued
fees and a reinstatement fee of $2, and have been officially reinstated.
A suspended student may not be reinstated for the Summer Session
after one week of the time of suspension.

Withdrawals and Refunds

Applications for withdrawal from the University or for changes in
schedule must be made in person or writing to the Recorder of the
Summer School. Notification to an instructor or absence from classes
over a prolonged period is not an acceptable notice.

If notice of withdrawal or change in schedule is received by the
Recorder of the Summer School on or before July 14, the second in-
stallment will be cancelled.



10 THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

In no case will any part of the initial installment of tuition be re-
funded and in no case will tuition be reduced or refunded because of
non attendance at classes.

No permission to withdraw and no transcript of work done will be
given a student who does not have a clear financial record.

Registration

Monday, June 28, and Tuesday, June 29, have been set aside as
registration days. All classes will begin on Wednesday, June 30.

It is advisable for anyone who is reasonably sure of his plans to en-
roll in advance by mail. An enrollment blank will be sent on receipt
of the $2 registration fee to anyone wishing to do so. Early enroll-
ment means assurance of admittance to limited classes. The only
courses for which it is absolutely necessary to enroll in advance are
the Seminar in Teaching of the Social Sciences, and the Public Busi-
ness Laboratory. No one should come to Washington with the idea
in mind of participating in these two projects without having his or
her application approved in advance.

Living Arrangements

The University offers residence and board at the Residence Hall
on the eighty-acre campus on Massachusetts and Nebraska Avenues.

The charge for room and breakfast will be $1.00 per day. As indi-
cated, above, the program of the Summer School has been arranged in
such a way that students will want to be free to obtain their luncheons
and dinners downtown.

Activities

An important and delightful part of the Summer Session is the wide
range of activities available in addition to the regular courses. Organ-
ized tours of Washington and vicinity will be worked out by Univer-
sity officials, and students will have the opportunity of becoming ac-
quainted with the Capital City under the leadership of persons who
have spent a great many years in the city, and who are thoroughly
familiar with its many points of interest.

In addition, there will be organized weekend tours to such points
of interest as the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Williamsburg, the
Shenandoah National Park, including Sky Line Drive, and Gettys-
burg. In each instance the University will be responsible for the
arrangements for these trips, and will work out the plans in such a
way as to make it possible for students to participate in them at the
lowest possible cost.



THE SUMMER SCHOOL 11

Social functions have been planned with the object of acquainting
students with one another. Facilities for swimming, golf, and tennis
will be available at a nominal cost.

Statement of Academic Standing

Students who are not registered in one of the three branches of the
American University but who desire to receive academic credit for
work done in the Summer School must file with the Recorder of the
School, not later than July 6, a statement from the registrar of the
college or university last attended, indicating their academic status.



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION



The student is cautioned to distinguish carefully between graduate
and undergraduate courses. All courses marked from 100 up to 350
are open for credit to undergraduates only; all courses numbered
from 350 to 499 are open for credit to advanced undergraduates and
graduates; all courses numbered 500 or above are open for credit to
graduate students only.

ECONOMICS

Econ. 201S — Principles of Economics

The course is designed to acquaint the student with the terminology and the
working principles of economics. A study is made of consumption and
of production of wealth. The problems of the corporation, monopoly,
and the relations of government to industry are also examined. This is
the first semester of the regular year course in this subject. Students de-
siring credit for the work of the course must plan to take at a later date
the work of the second semester.

Instructor — Dr. Huelster.

Two semester hours credit — Fee $16

PA 33 IS — Principles of Accounting

During the Summer Session, the elementary principles and procedure of ac-
counting will be taken up. The work will be carried on by discussion
and problems. It is expected that at the end of the semester the student
will be prepared to devise the accounting records necessary for a small
business organization, make the necessary entries in the records, draw
off statements at the end of the fiscal period, adjust the accounts for
accruals, deferred items, depreciation, etc., and close the books.

Instructor — Dr. Nielsen.

Tivo semester hours credit — Fee $16.

PA 341 S — Elementary Statistical Methods

This course is designed to give the student a thorough understanding of the
methods and problems of collecting statistical data, the presentation of
such data in the form of tables and graphs, and the use of the different
types of averages, the measures and significance of dispersion, elementary
principles of sampling, construction and significance of index numbers,
and the analysis of time series data.

Instructor — Mr. Ockey.

Tivo semester hour credits — Fee $16.

Econ. 425S — History of Economic Theories Underlying Social
Legislation

The major social implications of economic thought-systems will be surveyed
and analyzed. Attention will be concentrated on theories dealing with
social effects in consequence of the emergence of modern industrialism,
and with corresponding legislative remedies, such as regulative and pro-

12



THE SUMMER SCHOOL 13

tective institutions in labor legislation, rules of human conservation, social

security, etc.
Instructor — Dr. Corrrll.
Tivo semester hours credit (History or Economics) — Fee $16.

Econ. 487S — The Reciprocal Trade Agreements Program of the
Roosevelt Administration

This course analyzes the Trade Agreements program of the present
Administration in the light of the international trade and tariff position
of the United States. It will include discussions relating to the genesis of
the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act of 1934, the administrative and
advisory machinery set up under its authority for the negotiation of
agreements, the nature of the agreements signed to date, and the economic
effects of the agreements in so far as such effects can be discerned.

It is planned to give particular attention to recent controversies re-
garding the unconditional "most-favored-nation" policy of the United
States and to devote some time to consideration of the compatibility be-
tween a policy of lowering trade barriers and economic planning (actual
and potential).

Several of the lectures will be given by guest lecturers from Govern-
ment departments and agencies that are intimately connected with the
program. The course will be conducted on the combined lecture and dis-
cussion method.

\
Instructor — Dr. Piquet.

Tivo semester hours credit — Fee $16.

Econ. 506S — Problems of Public Utility Administration (with par-
ticular reference to New Deal legislation)

This course explores the practical problems of rate-making, the holding
company, public ownership, rural electrification, public relations, yard-
stick regulation and similar subjects as they affect the local utilities.
The electric power and other utility policies of the New Deal will receive
special attention.

Instructor — Dr. Huelster.

Tivo semester hours credit — Fee $16.


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