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|DISCLAIMER |
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|The articles published in the Annual Reports of the Northern Nut Growers|
|Association are the findings and thoughts solely of the authors and are |
|not to be construed as an endorsement by the Northern Nut Growers |
|Association, its board of directors, or its members. No endorsement is |
|intended for products mentioned, nor is criticism meant for products not|
|mentioned. The laws and recommendations for pesticide application may |
|have changed since the articles were written. It is always the pesticide|
|applicator's responsibility, by law, to read and follow all current |
|label directions for the specific pesticide being used. The discussion |
|of specific nut tree cultivars and of specific techniques to grow nut |
|trees that might have been successful in one area and at a particular |
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_Northern Nut Growers
Association_

_INCORPORATED_

_Affiliated with
THE AMERICAN HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY_

REPORT

_of the proceedings of the_

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

BATTLE CREEK, MICH.

_SEPTEMBER 10 and 11, 1934_




INDEX

Officers, Directors and Committees 3

State Vice-Presidents 4

List of Members 5

Constitution 8

By-Laws 9

The President 10

Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Convention 11

Address of Welcome by W. K. Kellogg 11

Report of Secretary 13

Report of Treasurer 15

Reports of Standing Committees 16

Business Session 18

The Dietetic Importance of Nuts - Dr. John Harvey Kellogg 20

Nut Culture Work of the Living Tree Guild - Miss Dorothy Sawyer 28

Progress report on Nut Growing in the Ithaca, N. Y.
region - Dr. L. H. MacDaniels 31

Some Random Notes on Nut Culture - D. C. Snyder 34

Winter Injury of Filberts at Geneva, 1933-34 - Prof. G. L. Slate 36

Notes on Hickories - A. B. Anthony 41

Letter from Rev. Paul C. Crath - Poland 45

The Chestnut Situation in Illinois - Dr. A. S. Colby 47

Report on Commercial Cracking and Merchandising of Black
Walnuts - H. F. Stokes 50

Nut Culture in Ontario - George Corsan 53

Nut Growing on a Commercial Basis - Miss Amelia Riehl 54

Some Notes on the Hardiness of the English Walnut in
Michigan and Ontario - Prof. J. A. Neilson 55

Nut Tree Prospects in the Tennessee Valley - John W. Hershey 61

Some New Hicans and Pecans - J. G. Duis 62

Some Old Friends - Dr. W. C. Deming 64

Nut Growing in Vermont - Zenas H. Ellis 66

A Roll Call of the Nuts - Dr. W. C. Deming 69

Nut Culture in the North - J. F. Wilkinson 84

Varieties of Nut Trees for the Northernmost Zone - C. A. Reed 87

Notes on the TOUR, Tuesday September 11, 1934 104

Address of Prof. V. R. Gardner, Director, Experiment Station at
Michigan State College, East Lansing 104

The 1934 Ohio Black Walnut Contest - Carl F. Walker 107

Mr. Ellis' Report as Delegate to Paris Horticultural Exposition 109

Report of Resolutions Committee 110

Communications from:
J. U. Gellatley 111
B. D. Wallace 113
Vera Nekiassena 114
Divisional Forest Officer - Kashmir 115
John W. Hershey 116
Mrs. E. W. Freel 117
Geo. W. Gibbens 117
Fred Kettler 118

Telegram to Dr. Morris 119

Catalogue of Nut trees in Kellogg Plantings 120

Exhibits at Convention 122

Attendance 124

Books and Bulletins on Northern Nut Growing 126

Advertisement - "Hobbies Magazine" 127




OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION


_President._ FRANK H. FREY, ROOM 930, LA SALLE ST. STATION, CHICAGO, ILL.

_Vice-President._ DR. G. A. ZIMMERMAN, 32 SOUTH 13TH ST., HARRISBURG, PA.

_Secretary._ GEO. L. SLATE, STATE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION,
GENEVA, N. Y.

_Treasurer._. CARL F. WALKER, 2851 E. OVERLOOK ROAD, CLEVELAND HEIGHTS,
OHIO


_DIRECTORS_

FRANK H. FREY, DR. G. A. ZIMMERMAN, GEO. L. SLATE, CARL F. WALKER,
PROF. J. A. NEILSON, D. C. SNYDER.


_EDITOR OF PUBLICATIONS_

DR. W. C. DEMING


_COMMITTEES_

_Executive._ FRANK H. FREY, DR. G. A. ZIMMERMAN, GEO. L. SLATE, CARL F.
WALKER, PROF. J. A. NEILSON, D. C. SNYDER.

_Auditing._ ZENAS H. ELLIS, H. BURGART.

_Finance._ T. P. LITTLEPAGE, DR. W. C. DEMING, H. R. WEBER.

_Press and Publication_. DR. W. C. DEMING, KARL W. GREENE, DR. J. RUSSELL
SMITH, ZENAS H. ELLIS, GEO. L. SLATE.

_Membership._ COL. L. H. MITCHELL, MISS DOROTHY C. SAWYER,
J. U. GELLATLY, D. C. SNYDER, CARL F. WALKER.

_Program._ J. F. WILKINSON, DR. W. C. DEMING, C. A. REED, KARL W.
GREENE, H. R. WEBER.

_Hybrids and Promising Seedlings._ DR. G. A. ZIMMERMAN,
PROF. N. F. DRAKE, MISS AMELIA RIEHL, H. F. STOKE, J. F. WILKINSON,
C. A. REED.

_Survey._ C. A. REED, CARL F. WALKER, DR. A. S. COLBY,
H. F. STOKE, DR. L. H. MAC DANIELS, DR. W. C. DEMING.

_Exhibits._ H. R. WEBER, MISS MILDRED JONES, PROF. A. S. COLBY.


_DEAN OF THE ASSOCIATION_

DR. ROBERT T. MORRIS, OF NEW YORK AND CONNECTICUT.


_FIELD SECRETARY_

ZENAS H. ELLIS, FAIR HAVEN, VERMONT.


_OFFICIAL JOURNAL_

AMERICAN FRUIT GROWER, 1370 ONTARIO ST., CLEVELAND, OHIO.




STATE VICE-PRESIDENTS


Argentina, S. A. Francisco M. Croce

Arkansas Prof. N. F. Drake

California Will J. Thorpe

Canada J. U. Gellatly

Canal Zone L. C. Leighton

Connecticut Dr. W. C. Deming

Dist. of Columbia L. H. Mitchell

Illinois Dr. A. S. Colby

Indiana J. F. Wilkinson

Iowa D. C. Snyder

Kansas W. P. Orth

Kentucky E. C. Rice

Maryland T. P. Littlepage

Massachusetts James H. Bowditch

Michigan Harry Burgart

Minnesota Carl Weschcke

Missouri J. W. Schmid

Nebraska William Caha

New Jersey Lee W. Jaques

New York Prof. L. H. MacDaniels

Ohio Harry R. Weber

Oregon C. E. Schuster

Pennsylvania John Rick

Rhode Island Philip Allen

Vermont Zenas H. Ellis

Virginia Dr. J. Russel Smith

Washington Major H. B. Ferris

West Virginia Andrew Cross

Wisconsin Lt. G. H. Turner




NORTHERN NUT GROWERS' ASSOCIATION

List of Members as of January 1, 1935


ARGENTINA, S. A.
Croce, Francisco M., Mendoza

ARKANSAS
* Drake, Prof. N. F., Fayetteville

CALIFORNIA
Thorpe, William J., 1545 Divisadero St., San Francisco

CANADA
Chipman, G. F., "The Country Guide," Winnipeg, Manitoba
Gage, J. H., 107 Flatt Ave., Hamilton, Ont.
Gellatly, J. U., West Bank, B. C.
Middleton, M. S., Esq., District Horticulturist, Vernon, B. C.

CANAL ZONE
Leighton, L. C., Box 1452, Cristobal

CONNECTICUT
Bartlett, F. A., F. A. Bartlett Tree Expert Co., Stamford
Beeman, Henry W., New Preston
Deming, Dr. W. C., 31 Owen St., Hartford
Little, Norman B., Rocky Hill
* Morris, Dr. Robert T., Merribrooke, R. F. D., Stamford
Pratt, George D., Jr., Bridgewater
Rowley, Dr. John C., 1046 Asylum St., Hartford
Southworth, Geo. F., Milford

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Gravatt, Dr. G. F., Forest Pathology, Plant Industry, U. S. D. A.,
Wash. Greene, Karl W., 2203 Foxhall Rd., N. W., Washington
* Littlepage, Thomas P., Union Trust Bldg., Washington
Mitchell, Col. Lennard H., 2219 California St., N. W., Washington
Reed, C. A., Dep't of Agriculture, Washington

ILLINOIS
Anthony, A. B., R. F. D. No. 3, Sterling
Bontz, Mrs. Lillian, General Delivery, Peoria
Colby, Dr. Arthur S., University of Illinois, Urbana
Frey, Frank H., Room 930, LaSalle St. Station, Chicago
Oakes Royal, Bluffs
Ramsdell, T. A., Hotel Galt, Sterling
Riehl, Miss Amelia, Evergreen Heights, Godfrey
Spencer, Mrs. May R., 275 W. Decatur St., Decatur

INDIANA
Galbreath, Dr. R. S., 16 W. Washington St., Huntington
Minton, Charles F., 825 South Jefferson St., Huntington
Wilkinson, J. F., Indiana Nut Nursery, Rockport

IOWA
Helmick, J. K., Columbus Junction
Iowa State Horticultural Society, State House, Des Moines
Johnson, Mrs. R. T., Knoxville
Rohrbacher, Wm., 811 East College St., Iowa City
Schlagenbusch Bros., Route No. 3, Ft. Madison
Snyder, D. C., Center Point
Van Meter, W. L., Adel

KANSAS
Orth, W. P., Mt. Hope

KENTUCKY
Horine, Dr. Emmet F., 523 Breslin Medical Bldg., Louisville
Rice, E. C., Absher

MARYLAND
Close, Dr. C. P., College Park
Hahn, Albert G., Route No. 6, Bethesda
Porter, John J., 1199 The Terrace, Hagerstown
Mehring, Upton F., Keymar
Purnell, J. Edgar, Box 24, Salisbury

MASSACHUSETTS
Allen, Edward E., Hotel Ambassador, Cambridge
* Bowditch, James H., 903 Tremont St., Boston
Brown, Daniel L., 60 State St., Boston
Hale, Richard W., 60 State St., Boston
Kaan, Dr. Helen W., Wellesley College, Wellesley
Putnam, Mrs. Ellen M., 129 Babson St., Mattapan
Russell, Mrs. Newton H., 12 Burnett Ave., South Hadley
Ryan, Henry E., Sunderland
Smith, Leon C., 60 Day Ave., Westfield
Wellman, Sargeant H., Windridge, Topsfield

MICHIGAN
Bradley, Homer L., 56 Manchester St., Battle Creek
Burgart, Harry, Michigan Nut Nursery, Route No. 2, Union City
Healey, Scott, Route No. 2, Otsego
Healy, Oliver T., Michigan Nut Nursery, Route No. 2, Union City
** Kellogg, Dr. John Harvey, 202 Manchester St., Battle Creek
** Kellogg, W. K., Battle Creek
Morrison, J. Robert, Paw Paw
Neilson, Prof. J. A., Michigan State College, E. Lansing
Otto, Arnold G., 4150 Three Mile Drive, Detroit
Stocking, Frederick N., 3456 Cadillac St., Detroit
Wieber, Frank A., Fowler

MINNESOTA
Andrews, Miss Frances E., 245 Clifton Ave., Minneapolis
Weschcke, Carl, 98 Wabasha St., St. Paul

MISSOURI
Schmid, J. W., 615 S. Holland, Springfield

NEBRASKA
Caha, Wm., Wahoo

NEW JERSEY
Buckwalter, Alan R., Flemington
* Jaques, Lee W., 74 Waverly Place, Jersey City
Orner, George D., 751 Ridgewood Rd., Maplewood

NEW YORK
Bennett, F. H., 19 East 92nd St., New York
Bixby, Mrs. Willard G., 32 Grand Ave., Baldwin
Collins, Joseph N., 335 W. 87th St., New York
Cooke, Frank S., 341 Bowery, New York
Crysdale, Stanley A., Route No. 5, Auburn
Curtis, Elroy, 58 Worth St., New York
Ellwanger, Mrs. Wm. D., 510 East Ave., Rochester
Graham, S. H., Route No. 5, Ithaca
* Huntington, A. M., 3 East 89th St., New York
Kelly, Mortimer B., 17 Battery Place, New York
* Lewis, Clarence, 1000 Park Ave., New York
MacDaniels, Dr. L. H., c/o Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.
* Montgomery, Robert H., 385 Madison Ave., New York
Pickhardt, Dr. Otto C., 117 East 80th St., New York
Sawyer, Miss Dorothy C., Living Tree Guild, 468 Fourth Ave., N. Y.
Sefton, Pennington, 94 Lake Ave., Auburn
Slate, Geo. L., State Agricultural Exp. Station, Geneva
Smith, Gilbert L., State School, Wassaic
Tice, David, Lockport
Tukey, Dr. Harold B., State Agricultural Exp. Station, Geneva
* Wissman, Mrs. F. de R., 9 W. 54th St., New York

OHIO
Canaday, Ward M., Home Bank Bldg., Toledo
Cranz, Eugene F., Mount Tom Farm, Ira
Fickes, W. R., Route No. 7, Wooster
Gerber, E. P., Route No. 1, Apple Creek
Park, Dr. J. B., Ohio State University, Columbus
Tabor, Rollin H., Mount Vernon
Thorton, Willis, Fenway Hall Hotel, Cleveland
Walker, Carl F., 2851 E. Overlook Rd., Cleveland Heights
* Weber, Harry R., 123 East 6th St., Cincinnati

OREGON
Schuster, C. E., Horticulturist, Corvallis

PENNSYLVANIA
Baum, Dr. F. L., Yellow House
Gebhardt, F. C., 140 East 29th St., Erie
Hershey, John W., Downingtown
Hostetter, C. F., Bird-In-Hand
Hostetter, L. K., Route No. 5, Lancaster
Jones Nurseries, J. F., Lancaster, Box 356
Kaufman, M. M., Clarion
Leach, Will, Cornell Bldg., Scranton
McIntyre, A. C., Dep't of Forestry, State College
Miller, Herbert, Pinecrest Poultry Farms, Richfield
* Rick, John, 438 Pennsylvania Square, Reading
Ruhl, A. W., Langhorne Terrace, Langhorne
Smith, Dr. J. Russell, Swarthmore, Pa., 550 Elm Ave.
Theiss, Dr. Lewis E., Muncy
* Wister, John C., Clarkson Ave. & Wister Sts., Germantown
Wright, Ross Pier, 235 West 6th St., Erie
Zimmerman, Dr. G. A., 32 So. 13th St., Harrisburg

RHODE ISLAND
** Allen, Phillip, 178 Dorance St., Providence

VERMONT
Aldrich, A. W., Route No. 3, Springfield
Elfgren, Ivar P., 11 Sheldon Place, Rutland
* Ellis, Zenas H., Fair Haven

VIRGINIA
Ricketts, E. T., Box 168-D, Route No. 5, Alexandria
Stoke, H. F., 1421 Watts Ave., Roanoke

WASHINGTON
Ferris, Major Hiram B., P. O. Box 74, Spokane

WEST VIRGINIA
Cross, Andrew, Ripley

WISCONSIN
Turner, Lieut. G. H., 932 Prospect Ave., Portage

* Life Member

** Contributing Member




CONSTITUTION


ARTICLE I

_Name._ This Society shall be known as the NORTHERN NUT GROWERS
ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED.


ARTICLE II

_Object._ Its object shall be the promotion of interest in nut-bearing
plants, their products and their culture.


ARTICLE III

_Membership._ Membership in this society shall be open to all persons
who desire to further nut culture, without reference to place of
residence or nationality, subject to the rules and regulations of the
committee on membership.


ARTICLE IV

_Officers._ There shall be a president, a vice-president, a secretary
and a treasurer, who shall be elected by ballot at the annual meeting;
and an executive committee of six persons, of which the president, the
two last retiring presidents, the vice-president, the secretary and the
treasurer shall be members. There shall be a state vice-president from
each state, dependency, or country represented in the membership of the
association, who shall be appointed by the president.


ARTICLE V

_Election of Officers._ A committee of five members shall be elected at
the annual meeting for the purpose of nominating officers for the
following year.


ARTICLE VI

_Meetings._ The place and time of the annual meeting shall be selected
by the membership in session or, in the event of no selection being made
at this time, the executive committee shall choose the place and time
for the holding of the annual convention. Such other meetings as may
seem desirable may be called by the president and executive committee.


ARTICLE VII

_Quorum._ Ten members of the association shall constitute a quorum, but
must include two of the four elected officers.


ARTICLE VIII

_Amendments._ This constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of
the members present at any annual meeting, notice of such amendment
having been read at the previous annual meeting, or a copy of the
proposed amendment having been mailed by any member to each member
thirty days before the date of the annual meeting.




BY-LAWS


ARTICLE I

_Committees._ The Association shall appoint standing committees as
follows: On membership, on finance, on programme, on press and
publication, on exhibits, on hybrids, on survey, and an auditing
committee. The committee on membership may make recommendations to the
Association as to the discipline or expulsion of any member.


ARTICLE II

_Fees._ Annual members shall pay two dollars annually. Contributing
members shall pay ten dollars annually. Life members shall make one
payment of fifty dollars, and shall be exempt from further dues and will
be entitled to same benefits as annual members. Honorary members shall
be exempt from dues. "Perpetual" membership is eligible to any one who
leaves at least five hundred dollars to the Association and such
membership on payment of said sum to the Association will entitle the
name of the deceased to be forever enrolled in the list of members as
"Perpetual" with the words "In Memoriam" added thereto. Funds received
therefor shall be invested by the Treasurer in interest bearing
securities legal for trust funds in the District of Columbia. Only the
interest shall be expended by the Association. When such funds are in
the treasury the Treasurer shall be bonded. Provided; that in the event
the Association becomes defunct or dissolves then, in that event, the
Treasurer shall turn over any funds held in his hands for this purpose
for such uses, individuals or companies that the donor may designate at
the time he makes the bequest or the donation.


ARTICLE III

_Membership._ All annual memberships shall begin either with the first
day of the calendar quarter following the date of joining the
Association, or with the first day of the calendar quarter preceding
that date as may be arranged between the new member and the Treasurer.


ARTICLE IV

_Amendments._ By-laws may be amended by a two-third vote of members
present at any annual meeting.


ARTICLE V

Members shall be sent a notification of annual dues at the time they are
due, and if not paid within two months, they shall be sent a second
notice, telling them that they are not in good standing on account of
non-payment of dues, and are not entitled to receive the annual report.

At the end of thirty days from the sending of the second notice, a third
notice shall be sent notifying such members that unless dues are paid
within ten days from the receipt of this notice, their names will be
dropped from the rolls for non-payment of dues.

[Illustration: THE PRESIDENT - Frank H. Frey]




Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-fifth Annual Convention

_of the_

Northern Nut Growers Association (INCORPORATED)

_September 10, 11, 1934_

BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN


The first session convened at 9:30 A. M., September 10, at the Kellogg
Hotel with President Frey in the chair.

_The President:_

This is the twenty-fifth annual convention of the Northern Nut Growers'
Association, our silver anniversary. Fifteen years ago the convention
was held in this city. We are glad to be back again and happy to have
with us Mr. W. K. Kellogg who has consented to extend a welcome.

MR. KELLOGG:

I am glad to welcome this association, and you as individuals, to Battle
Creek. A year ago when an invitation was sent you thru Professor Neilson
to make this your meeting place for 1934, we were very much pleased to
have the invitation accepted. Now that we have the pleasure of your
presence we hope you may have an enjoyable and profitable time.

Battle Creek was undoubtedly put on the map many years ago by the Battle
Creek Sanitarium and has since been kept prominently before the public
by the extensive advertising that has been done by the companies located
here which manufacture ready-to-eat foods. The records indicate that
more than 15,000 carloads of these foods are shipped every year to
almost every country on the globe. More than 4,500 people are given
employment. So much for the magic words, "Battle Creek."

My interest in nuts dates from my earliest recollection when my father
took the children nutting. In the evening we often gathered around the
kerosene lamp, the kitchen stove and father with an inverted flat iron
in his lap and a pan of Ohio hickory nuts near by. These, accompanied by
some red-cheeked apples, entertained us royally. No movies in those
days. About ten or twelve years ago Mrs. Kellogg and I had the
opportunity of listening to a talk by Mr. George Hebden Corsan, Sr. He
devoted considerable time to the subject of nut culture, mentioning his
own experiences in Canada and also the work of Mr. John F. Jones of
Lancaster, Pennsylvania. A few years later Mr. Corsan became associated
with the Bird Sanctuary enterprise, a few miles west of Battle Creek,
and very shortly thereafter was talking nut culture. The result was we
began to order nut trees by the carloads.

With this beginning it was only a year or two when Mr. Corsan told me of
the wonderful experience, as well as the ability, of Professor Neilson
of Toronto in nut culture. As you are doubtless aware Professor Neilson
decided to locate in Michigan and he made a connection with the Michigan
Agricultural College at Lansing. Professor Neilson is present and better
prepared to tell you of the work that has been accomplished thru his
efforts during the last five years. He may also have an opportunity of
showing you the results of some of his work in nut grafting.

Now just a word furthermore with reference to this wonderful town of
Battle Creek which in 1932 celebrated its centennial. With the exception
of Detroit, Chicago and New York, there is probably no city so well
known the world over as Battle Creek, this having been accomplished thru
the advertising of the sanitarium since its establishment in 1865, and
the advertising of ready-to-eat cereal foods for more than forty years,
during which time the magic words "Battle Creek" have appeared on
packages of cereals, in newspapers, magazines and other advertising more
than six billion times. One of the food factories located in Battle
Creek frequently prints, fills and ships more than 1,500,000 packages
per day, or the equivalent of 40 carloads. This same factory gives
employment to more than 2,200 people, none of whom work more than six
hours per day. This six hour plan has been established more than 3-1/2
years and the minimum wage paid per hour to the men is 67 cents.

In conclusion, I must admit that most of my interest in nut culture has
been by proxy. Professor Neilson and Mr. Corsan are both with us today
and no doubt will have an opportunity of showing you some of the
progress that has been made in the vicinity of Wintergreen and Gull
Lakes, the State Agricultural Farm and the Kellogg Ranch.

We assure you it has been a pleasure to have you with us on this
occasion and we should be glad to have your convention meet with us
annually. You have my best wishes for the continued success and
prosperity of the Northern Nut Growers' Association.

* * * * *

_The Vice-President_,

DR. ZIMMERMAN:

It will be rather a difficult task to respond to an address of welcome
of such a notable character as Mr. Kellogg's. However, I want to express
my sincere appreciation for being commissioned to respond to such a
hearty welcome.

I'm glad to be here for several other reasons. First, because this
association represents a number of people who in themselves represent


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