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To the King. From W. Henderson in Moydart.

' October 8, 1750.

' Sir, — After making offer to you of my kind
compliments, I thought it my indispensable duty to
inform you that one Governor Stewart of the Isle of
Lemnos on the coast of Ethiopia in ye year 1748 wrot
to Scotland a letter for Stewart of Glenbucky con-
cerning Donald McDonell of Scothouse younger, and
John Stewart with 20 other prisoners of our country-
men there, to see, if by moyen of ransome tney
could be relieved. The substance of the Letter, as it
came with an Irish Ship this year to Clyde, is as
follows :

' That Donald McDonell of Scothouse, younger,
and first cousin german to John McDonell of Glen-
garry, and with John Stewart of Acharn and other
20 persons mortally wounded in the Battle of
Culloden, were by providence preserved, altho with-
out mercy cast aboard of a ship in Cromarty
Bay the very night of the Battle, and sailed
next morning for Portsmouth, where they were cast
again aboard of an Indiaman to be carried, or trans-
ported without doom or law to some of the british
plantations, but they had the fate to be taken



HIGHLANDERS IN LEMNOS 167

prisoners by a Salle Eover or a Turkish Privatir or
Pirat, who, after strangling the captain and crew,
keeped the 2'2 highlanders in their native garb to be
admired by the Turks, since they never seed their
habit, nor heard their languadgue befor, and as
providence would have it, the Turks and Governor
Stewart came to see the Earysho, and being a South
country hiland man, that went over on the Darien
expedition, and yet extant, being but a very young
boy when he went off, seeing his countrymen, spok
to them with surprize in their native tong or language,
and by comoning but a short time in galick, found in
whose's army they served, and how they suffered by
the fate of war and disaster, after which he ordered
them ashoar, and mitigated their confinement as far
as lay'd in his power, but on them landing, by the
Turks' gelosie [jealousy ?] they were deprived of all
writting instroments, for fear they sho'd give their
friends information of the place they were in, and so
it would probably happen them during life : if John
Stewart of Acharn had not got his remot cousin
Governor Stewart to writt a letter and inclosed one
from himself giving particular information of Scott
house, wishing and begging all frinds concerned to
procure written orders from the King of France to
his Ambassador at Constantinopol for to make all
intercession for the relesement of the forsaid Two
Gentlemen and other 20 British christians in the
King His Majesty's Name, or to recommend their
condition to his holyness to see if by ransome they



168 PICKLE THE SPY

might be relived. And they'll always be gratefull
to their Deliverers, to this pious end. I make
chuse of you to inform your Master, who's the
capablest person under God to do for them, which
will with other infinit titles endear you to your fast
friends in Scotland, and especially to your Will
Henderson, who lives there lo years past among the
MacDonalds of Clanranald, so I hope you'll make
use of what I have wrot, to the end I intend, and
God will give the due reward. — I remain, etc'

In fact, the younger Scotus was not taken prisoner
at Culloden, but remained in the Highlands, and is
mentioned by Murray of Broughton, in his account
of his expenditure, and of the Loch Arkaig treasure,
published by Eobert Chambers as an Appendix to his
* History of the Eising of 1745.'



169



CHAPTEK VIII

PICKLE AND THE ELIBANK PLOT

The Elibank plot— George II. to be kidnapped— Murray and Young
Glengarry — As Pickle, Glengarry betrays the plot — His revelations
— Pickle and Lord Elibank — Pickle meets Charles — Charles has been
in Berlin — Glengarry writes to James's secretary — Regrets failure
of plot — Speaks of his illness — Laments for Archy Cameron—
Hanbury Williams seeks Charles in Silesia — Pickle's ' fit of sick-
ness ' — His dealings with the Earl Marischal — Meets the Prince
at the masked ball — ' A little piqued '— Marischal criticises the plot
to kidnap George II. — -' A night attack '—Other schemes— Charles's
poverty — ' The prophet's clothes ' — Mr. Carlyle on Frederick the
Great — Alleges his innocence of Jacobite intrigues — Contradicts
statesmen — Mr. Carlyle in error — Correspondence of Frederick
with Earl Marischal — The Earl's account of English plotters —
Frederick's advice — Encouragement underhand — Arrest of Archy
Cameron — His early history — Plea for clemency — Cameron is
hanged — His testimony to Charles's virtues — His forgiveness of
his enemies — Samuel Cameron the spy — His fate — Young Edgar
on the hidden treasure — The last of the treasure — A salmo ferox.

The Stuart Papers, we have said, contain no hints as
to the Elibank plot of November 1752, unless Goring's
scruples were aroused by it. It was suggested and
arranged by Alexander Murray, younger brother of
Lord Elibank, whom young Edgar describes as ' having
a very light head ; he has drunk deep of the Garron '
(Garonne ?). 1 With a set of officers in the French
service, aided by Young Glengarry (who had betrayed

1 May 4, 1753. Stuart Papers. To old Edgar.



170 PICKLE THE SPY

the scheme) and 400 Highlanders, Murray was to
attack St. James's Palace, and seize the King. If we
may believe Young Glengarry (writing to Edgar in
Rome), Charles was ' on the coast,' but not in London.
Pickle's letters to his English employers show that
the design was abandoned, much to his chagrin. As
Glengarry, he expresses the same regret in a letter
to Edgar. We now offer Pickle's letters. He is at
Boulogne, November 2, 1752.

Add. B.M. MSS. 32,730.

' Boulogne : November 2, 1752.

My dear Sir, — My friends will be most certainly
greatly surprised at my silence, but I have such
reasons that I can clear all at meeting. I have been
so hurried, what with posting, what with Drinking,
and other matters of greater weight than they dream
of, that I have not had a moment, as the french says,
Sans temoigne, till now ; this rendered my writing
impracticable. Next Post brings a letter to my friend,
and I hope he will not grudge to send Credit to this
place, for I am to take a trip for ten days, the Jurny
is of importance, it's likewise very expencive, and
I must give mony. After this trip, my stay here
will be short, for I dare not be explicite on a certain
point. I can answer for myself — but how soon my
letter is received, I beg remittance. You'll think all
this very strange, and confus'd, but I assure you,
there you I soon hear of a hurly Burly ; but I will see
my friend or that can happen. I wish I had the
Highland pistoles. If Donald wants mony, pray



PICKLE'S LETTERS 171

give him. He is to come with a Shoot of Close to me,
when I receive Credit. / will run at least tow Hundred
leagues post. You'l hear from me when I write to
my friend. Aquent them of what I write, and ever
believe me

' Yours unalterable

' Jeanson. 1

' Don't proceed in your jurney, till you have
further advice — Direct for me as Johnny directs
you.'

To the Provost.

Add. 32,730.

' Boulogne : November 4, 1752.

' Dear Sir — By this post I write to my great friend
[Henry Pelham], I hope what I say will prove agree-
able, and as I am sure what I write will be communi-
cated to Grand Papa [Gwynne Vaughan] I beg he
excuses my not writing. Besides it would be both
dangerous and precarious, as I have not a moment to
write but after 12 at night, being hurried at all
other hours with company. If the credit I demand
be sent, I will immediately proceed to Paris — If not,
I will return directly. Without a trip to Paris, I
can't come at the bottom of matters. I wish I had
the Pistoles. I beg you'l give my servt. any little
thing he wants, and let him come off by the first ship
without faile. Let me hear from you upon recet,
and derect for me simply to this place in french or
English. I have told friends here that I expect a

1 His father's name was John. One of Pickle's aliases.



172 PICKLE THE SPY

considerable remittance from Baron Kenady [New-
castle], and that how soon I receve it, I go for a trip
to Paris. This admits of no delay. My kind respects
to Grand papa and airways believe me, Dr. Sir,
' Your sincere and affte. friend

'ALEXR. Je ANSON.

' To Mr. William Blair, at Mr. Brodie's in Lille
Street, Near Leister fields — London.

(marked) ' Pickle.' 1

The following letter of November 4 is apparently
to Henry Pelham. If Charles was in Berlin, as
Pickle says here, about August 1752, the Stuart Papers
throw no light on the matter. What we know of
Frederick's intrigues with the Jacobites will find its
place in the record of the following year, 1753.
Pickle here confesses that his knowledge of future
intrigues is derived from Frederick's ambassador
at Versailles, the Earl Marischal.

The letter to Pelham follows :

1 Bologne : November 4, 1752.

' Sir — Tho' I delayd till now aquenting you of my
arrival this side of the watter, yet I hope you will not
attribute my silence either to neglect or forgetfulness
of my friends. I mostly pass my time in company of
my old aquentences how [who] have each in theire
turn entertaind me handsomely. I am now returning
the compliment.

1 This identifies 'Pickle' with 'Jeanson.'



PICKLE TO PELHAM 173

' Notwithstanding my endeavours, I have lost sight
of 6 [Goring] — I took a trip in hopes to meet him ,
at which time I had a long chatt with 69 [Sir James
Harrington], how [who] is in top spirits, and assures
me that very soon a scene will be opend that will
astonish most of Envoys. Whatever may be in this,
I can for certain assure you, that 51 [King of Prussia]
will countenance it, for three months ago 80 [Pre-
tender's Son] was well received there. He has left
that part, for he was within these twenty days not
the distance of thirty leagues from this town. This
depend upon, and was you to credit all he says, it
would be justly termd what the french term
Merveille ; whatever is in it they keep all very hush
from 8 [Pretender] tho I have some reason to believe
that 72 [Sir John Graeme] was dispatched to him
leatly, for he disappear 'd from Paris four days ago.
Whatever tune they intend to play of this, Battery
66 [Scotland] is not desir'd to mouve, untill his
neibour [London] pulls off the mask. If 01 — 2d
[French Ministry] countenances 80 [Pretender's Son],
its thro the influence of 51 [King of Prussia]. I have
some reason to believe they dow, for 80 [Pretender's
Son] is accompanied by one of that faction. I sus-
pect its 59 [Count Maillebois] but I cant be positive
untill I go to Paris, which I think a most necessary
chant [jaunt] in this juncture, for if 2 [Lord Marshall]
has no finger in the piy, I lost my host of all. When
I am a few days at Paris, I take a trip sixty leagues
farther South to meet 71 [Sir J. Graeme or Sir James



174 PICKLE THE SPY

Harrington] and some other friends, when I will be
able to judge of matters by my reception from them
and 01 — 2d [French Ministry], 1 and if the last are con-
cerned I must beg leave not to write upon these
topicks, for no precaution can prevent a discovery in
this country ; should this be the case, and that any-
thing particular cast up, I will make the quickest
dispatch to lay before you in person all I can learn
of these affairs — I only wait here for your orders,
and be assur'd whatever they be they will be
obeyd with pleasure. I have not had time to write
to my worthy old friend [Gwynne Vaughan], so I
beg you'l aquent him that the place he visits ought
[to] be looked after with a watchful eye — I doubt not
but D. B. [Bruce, an English official] has inform'd
you of his receving a few lines from me by last post,
in which I aquented him that I was necessitated to
thro a way some mony, and be at a very considerable
expence. I dow not pretend to make a particular
demand yet I assure you 200Z. St. is necessary, and
I intirelv reffer to yourself to diminish or augment,
only I beg you be convinced that no selfish interest-

1 Cypher names.

6 — Goring.
69 — Sir James Harrington, perhaps.
51 — King of Prussia.
80— Pretender's Son.

8 — Pretender.
72 — Sir John Graham.
66 — Scotland.

0— French Ministry.

2— Lord Marshall.
59 — Count Maillebois.
71 — Sir John Graham, perhaps.



ELIBANK PLOT 175

ing view occasions my making this demand, but only
that I would be vext want of cash would disapoint
either of us in our expectations, since I dow assure
you that I dont look upon anything I tuch upon such
journeys as solid, for it does not long stick in my
pockets. I will drop this point, being fully per-
swaded if my correspondence proves anything amusing,
such Bagatelle will not be grudged, but if I go for-
ward, I beg credit be sent me either upon this place
or Paris, any mony I receve passes for being remitted
by the order of Baron Kenady * [Newcastle]. All
this is fully submitted to your better judgement, only
I beg you'l be fully perswaded how much I have the
honour to remain, Sir,

' Your most obedient and most humble Servt.,

' Alexr. Jeanson.

P.S. Lord Strathallan left this a few days ago,
to meet Lord George [Murray] some says at the
Hague, others at his house near Claves (?).

' (Pickle.)'

The following undated ' Information ' appears to
have been written by Pickle on his return from
France, early in December. It is amazing to find
that, if we can believe a spy, Lord Elibank himself
was in the plot. The scene between the political
economist and the swaggering Celt, when Pickle
probably blustered about the weakness of deferring

] That is, probably, Tickle said to Jacobitu friends that his money
came from Major Kennedy.



176 PICKLE THE SPY

the attack which he had already betrayed, may be

imagined.

Information.

' December 1752.

'The Young Pretender about the latter end of
September [1752] sent Mr. Murray [of Elibank] for
Locho-ary and Doctor Archabald Cameron. They
meet him at Menin. He informed them that he
hoped he had brought matters to such a bearing,
particularly at the King of Prussia's Court, whom he
expected in a short time to have a strong alliance
with — that he did not desire the Highlanders to rise
in Arms untill General Keith was landed in the North
of Scotland with some Swedish troops. He likewise
assur'd them that some of the greatest weight in
England, tho' formerly great opposers to his family,
were engaged in this attempt, and that he expected
to meet with very little opposition. In consequence
of this he gave Lochgary, Doctor Cameron, Blairfetj',
Eobertson of Wood Sheal, Skalleter, mony ; and
sent them to Scotland, so as to meet several highland
gentlemen at the Crief Market for Black Cattel.
Cameron Fassifairn and Glenevegh were those how
[who] were to carry on the Correspondence twixt the
Southern Jakobits and Clunie Mackpherson. Loch-
garv was after the general meeting at Menin with the
Young Pretender, for two nights at Gent in Flanders.
I was at Boulogne when Sir James Harrinton gave
me directions to go to Gent, but to my great surprize
as I lighted of horseback at Furnes was tipt upon



PICKLE MEETS ELIBANK 177

the shoulder by one Morison [Charles's valet] how
[who] desir'd me to stop for a little at the Inn. I
was not long there when the Young Pretender enter'd
my room. The discourse chiefly turn'd upon the
Scheme in England, when he repeated the same assur-
ances as to Lochgary, but in stronger terms, and
with the adition that the Swedes were to embark at
Gattenburgh [Gothenburg], and that Mr. Murray'was
sent with commissions for me, and full instructions
how I was to act in Scotland. The Young Chevalier
was so positive of his schemes succeeding, that he
told me he expected to be in London very soon him-
self, and that he was determin'd to give the present
Government no quiet untill he succeeded or dyed in
the attempt. I came over here [to England] by his
express orders ; I waited of Lord Elibank who, after
the strong assurances of the Young Pretender, sur-
prised me to the greatest degree, by telling me that
all was put off for some time, and that his Brother
[Murray] had repassd the seas in order to aqnent
the Young Pretender of it, and from him he was to
go streight for Paris to Lord Marishal. Its not
above nine days since I left the Young Pretender at
Furnes. When he was at Menin a French gentleman
attended him. Goren [Goring] has been within these
two months twice in England, and Mr. Murray three
times since he first went over. Its not above five
days since Mr. Murray left London. Probably the
landing, for England was to be from Fiance, as there
is 12,000 troops in Flanders more than the ordinary

N



178 PICKLE THE SPY

compliment. This the Comon French takes notice
off. But I can say nothing of this with certainty.
The Young Chevalier has more than once seen the
King of Prussia, but none other of his Court, that I
ever could learn, but General Keith.

' Sir John Douglas, Mr. Charteris, 1 and Hepburn of
Keith, are in the secret. The Young Chevalier has
been in close correspondence with England for a
year and a halph past. Mr. Carte the Historian has
carried frequent messages. They never commit any-
thing to writing. Elderman Hethcot is a principall
Manager. The very words the Young Pretender told
me was that all this scheme was laid and transacted
by Whiggers, that no Eoman Catholick was con-
cerned, and oblidged me to give my word and
honour that I would write nothing concerning him
or his plan to Eome. After what I said last night
this is all that occurs to me for the present. I will
lose no time in my transactions, and I will take care
they will allways be conforme to your directions, and
as 1 have throwen myself entirely upon you, I am
determined to run all hazards upon this occasion,
which I hope will entittle me to your favour and his
Majestys protection. Dec. 1752.'

Pickle, of course, broke his ' word and honour '
about not writing to Eome. In April 1753, to
anticipate a little, he indited the following epistle
to Edgar He can have had no motive, except that
of alarming James by the knowledge that his son had

1 Lord Elcho knew it, probably from his brother.



GLENGARRY TO EDGAR 170

been on the eve of a secret and perilous enterprise, in
which he was still engaged. Glengarry here con-
firms the evidence against himself by allusions to his
dangerous illness in the spring of 17 -jo. To this he
often refers when he corresponds, as Pickle, with his
English employers.

MackDonell to Edgar.

' Arras: April 5, 1753.

' Sir, I frequently Intended since my coming to
this Country to renew our former corespondence.
But as I had nothing to say worth your notice, that
I could with prudence comitt to writing, I choise
rather to be silent than to trouble you with my
Letters : yet I cant perswad myself to leave this
Country without returning you many thanks for your
former friendship and good offices, and at same time
assuring you of the great Value and Estime I airways
had, and still have for you.

' I would gladly comunicate to his Majesty the
leate Schemes, and those still persuid, upon the same
fondation. But as I am hopfull that his Majesty is
fully Informed of all that is past, and what is now a
Transacting, I will not trouble his Majesty with a
repetition of facts, which I am hopfull he has been
Informed off from the fountaine head. All I will say
is that for my owne parte I will allways make very
great difference t'wixt English promasis and Action,
and am more fully confirmed in this opinion since
the tenth of Nov. last, when the Day was fixt ; But

N 2



180 PICKLE THE SPY

when matters come to the puish, some frivolous
excuses retarded this great and Glorious blow ;
Thank God the Prince did not venture himself then
at London, 1 tho he was upon the Coast ready at a
Call to put himself at their head. I wish he may not
be brought to venture sow far, upon the stress laid
upon a suden blow, to be done by the English ; we
will see if the Month of May or June will produce
something more effective than Novr., and I am
sorry to aquent you that the sow great stress laid
upon those projects is lick to prove fatal to some, for
Lochgary, and Doctor Archibald Cameron, were sent
to the Highlands to prepair the Clans to be in readi-
ness : thire beeing sent was much against my opinion,
as I allways ensisted, and will allways persist, that no
stirr should be done there untill the English would
be so farr engaged that thev could not draw back.
I hope his Majesty will aprove of my Conduct in this.
Doctor Cameron was taken by a party of soldiers in
Boruder [?], and is now actually secured in the Cast el
of Edinr. Loch still remains but what his fate will
be is very precarious. The concert in Novr. was
that I was to remain in London, as I had above four
hundred Brave Highlanders ready at my call, and
after matters had broke out there to sett off directly
for Scotland as no raising would be made amongst
the Clans without my presence. Now I beg in laying
this before the King, vou'l at same time assure his

1 Elcho says he was in London, at Lady Primrose's. "We have
seen that Charles had had a difficulty with this lady.



HIS LOYALTY 181

Majesty of my constant resolution to venture my
owne person, let the consequence be what it will and
clow everything that can convince his Majesty of my
Dutifull attachmt to his sacred person and Royal
Cause, for which I am ready to Venture my all, and
nothing but the hand I had in those leateand present
Schemes and the frequent jants I was oblidged to
take in Consequence, Has hindered me from beeing
settled in a verv advantai>ious and honorable way,
being affraid that Matrimony might Incline me to a
less active life than my Prince's affairs now require.
I belive in a few days that I will take a private start
to London, tho I am still so weake after my leate
Illness at Paris J that I am scarse vet able to undent >
much fatio-ue. I have left directions with Mr. Gordon,
principal of the Scots Colledge, to forward any letters
for me to a friend at Boulogne, how [who] has a
secure way of forwarding by trading ships any Letters
for me.

' I will be very glad to hear from you particu-
larly as I Expect to return in a few weeks back to
France. I have one favour to ask of you, and I
hope it wont displeace his Majesty ; Its, that whatever
I write upon this topick, be neither shown or comuni-
cated to any other person, as there are reports that
people with you comunicate their Intelligence too
freely to the Court of france, which you know may
go farther, and prove of dangerous consequence. I
hope the freedom with which I express myself will

1 To this illness Glengarry often refers, when writing as Pickle.



182 PICKLE THE SPY

be wholly attributed to the warmth of my zeall for
the good of the cause, and I beg you'l forgive the
hurry I am in writing this, and I rely upon your
friendship to Excuse the same towards his Majesty in
case you think Proper to lay this hurried scrawle
before him, for what with the fatigue of posting and
Other Affairs, I am so Tumbled. I wish with all my
heart you may conceve the sincer true and reale
sentiments which Induced me to write so freely, and
as the Gentilman with whom I send this to Paris is
just ready to set off, I beg you'll allow me to con-
clude, and I hope you'll not faile to lay me at his
Majesty's and Pioyal Emmency's feet and at same
time to Believe me Sir

' Your most obedient and most humble Servt

' Mackdoxell.'

Edgar probably did not reply directly. John
Gordon, of the Scots College in Paris, writes to
Edgar :

' Paris : 19th August.

' I had the favour of yours of the 17th. July in
Course. I found an opportunity lately to acquaint
Glengarie of what you wrot me on his account some
time ago in answer to his from Arras ; he desires me
to thank you for what you say oblioino- to him, and
begs youll accept of his best compliments.'

It will be remarked that Pickle, who had informed
the English Government of Archy Cameron's and
Lochgarry's mission to Scotland in September 1752,



A SPY IN SILESIA 183

in his letter to Edgar laments Archy's capture !
Hypocrisy was never carried so far. To Cameron
and his fate we return later.

The Stuart Papers contain nothing of interest
about Charles for some time after Mademoiselle Luci's
death and the postponement of the Elibank plot. The
news of the Prince's conversion was spread by him-
self, in October 1752. Sir James Harrison was


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