Andrew Lang.

The International library of famous literature : selections from the world's great writers, ancient, mediaeval, and modern, with biographical and explanatory notes and with introductions (Volume TEN (10)) online

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Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010



http://www.archive.org/details/internationallib10lang



THE INTERNATIONAL LIBEAEY OF
FAMOUS LITERATUEE




COURT OF KING'S BENCH

Temp. Henry VI.
" Archgeologia " ; from a contemporary illumination.



Trmf. hftnry I'/.

. illuminati'^n



EDITION DE LUXE



THE



International Hibrary



OF



AMOUS glTERATURE



Selections from the World's Great Writers, Ancient, Medi/€val and
Modern, with Biographical and Explanatory Notes



WITH introductions BY

DONALD G. MITCHELL

(iK marvel)



ANDREW LANG



COMPILED AND ARRANGED BY

NATHAN HASKELL DOLE

FORREST MORGAN AND CAROLINE TICKNOR



C w e ti t B t) 1 u m e 3
VOLUME X.



BOSTON

INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY COMPANY

LONDON



leDltfon De Xuie



Limited to 500 Copies



Copyright, 1898
By MERRILL AND BAKER



This Edition de Luxe of The International
Library of Famous Literature is limited
to five hundred complete sets, of which this
copy is number ;..^.../



TABLE OF CONTENTS.

VOLIBIE X.



From " Evelina " .

Diary of Madame D'Arblay .

Diary of Wilhelmine of Bayreuth

The Diverting History of John Gilpi:

The School for Scandal .

The Caliph Vathek .

Poems

The Shipwreck and Virginia's Death

The Brothers ....

The Mutineers of the "Bounty"

Sea Songs ....

The Natural History of Selborne

The Pleasures of Memory

AVilhelm begins his Apprenticeship

■\Vilhelm and the Dramatic Company

Strolling Players

Sketches of Eighteenth-century Life

Gibbon and his History .

Cagliostro's Predictions .

Mistakes, Methods, and Crimes of the
French Revolution .

The Young Captive .

Last Night and Execution of the Giron-
dists .....

A Tale of Two Cities

Episodes of the French Revolution

The Battle of the Baltic .

The Huntsmen

Casablanca ....

The Murder of the Due D'Enghien

The Burial of Sir John Moore .

The Ship Duels and the Privateers

The German's Fatherland

Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte .

The Rescue of Picciola ,

Poems

Trafalgar. —The Death of Nelson



Frances Burney
Frances Burney



William Cowper
Bichard Brinsley Sheridan
William Beckford
William Blake
Bernardin de Saint Pierre
George Crabbe
Barrow .
Charles Dibdin
Gilbert ttTiite
Samuel liogers
Johann W. Goethe
Johann W. Goethe
George Crabbe
Sir Walter Scott
Edward Gibbon
Alexandre Dumas

Edmund Burke
Andre Chenier



A. de Lamartine
Charles Dickens
Thomas Carlyle
Tliomas Campbell
Vicomte de Chateaubriand
Felicia D. Hemans
Pierre Lanfrey
Charles Wolfe
John B. MacMaster
Ernst JSIoritz Arndt
Lord Byron .
X. B. Saintine
Pierre Jean de Beranger
Captain Alfred T. Mahan



PACK

4385
4399
4405
4423
4430
4461
4483
4488
4496
4505
4525
4531
4544
4551
4567
4577
4580
4603
4610

4642
4649

4650
4659
4671
4687
4689
4700
4701
4714
4715
4726
4727
4732
4739
4742



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



Influence of Greece on its People

The Battle of Leuctra . . . .

Periods of Greek History after the Con-
quest of Greece

The Beginnings of Rome . . . .

The Roman Empire on the Edge of De-
cline

Josephus on the Jewish War .

The Mississippi Bubble . . . .

The Old RSgime in France

The Finding of Wineland the Good

The Grettis Saga



The Song of Rorek ....
The Adventures of Captain John Smith
Betty Alden and her Companions .
Dorothy in the Garret





PAOB


Ernst Curtius


475G


George Grote .


4761


George Finlay


4767


Theodor Mommsen


4769


Charles Merivale .


4776


Flavius Josephus .


4782


Adolphe Thiers


4790


H. A. Taine .


4795


Arthur M. Beeves ( Tr. )


4803


William 3Iorris and A. Mag




nusson (Tr.) .


4816


J. W. Weidemeyer .


4829


Captain John Smith


4832


Jane G. Austin


4867


J. T. Trowbridge .


4869



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

VOLUME X.

PAGE

Vauxhall Gardens Frontispiece

Madame D'Arblay 4399

John Gilpin's Ride 4423

Richard Brinsley Sheridan 4430

Lady Teazle 4446

The Corpse of Virginia 4488

George Crabbe 4496

Samuel Rogers 4544

The Thames 4548

Goethe's Home 4551

Goethe in Frankfort 4567

Edward Gibbon 4603-

Madame Dubarry 4618

Girondists on their Way to the Scaffold 4650'

" Armed men and women flocked out of the quarter " . . . . 4662

Charlotte Corday 4680

Jean Paul Marat 4687

Due D'Enghien 4701

" Constitution " and " Guerrifere " 4719

Napoleon on his Way to St. Helena 4728

Vespasian 4782

Russian Wedding Feast 4820

Marriage of Pocahontas 4841

J. T. Trowbridge 4869



THE INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY

OF

FAMOUS LITERATURE.



FROM "EVELINA."

By FRANCES BURNEY.



T.vii



J. She diedJanoary 6,

.. ; . -1846.

HoLBORN, June \lth.

Yesterday Mr. Smith carried his point, of making a party
for Vauxhall, consisting of Madame Duval, M. Du Bois, all
the Branghtons, Mr. Brown, himself, — and me I — for I find
all endeavors vain to escape anything which these people desire
' liould not.

rhere were twenty disputes previous to our setting out ;
.~ to the time of our going : Mr. Brangliton, liis son, and
Krown were for six o'clock ; and all the ladies and Mr.
■ ere for eight ; — the latter, however, conquered.

as to the way we should go ; some were for a boat,

•oach, and Mr. Branghton himself was for walking :

r^ length, was decided upon. Indeed, this was

the expedition that was agreeable to me, for

■ ihtfully pleasant.

: y pretty, but too formal ; I should have

■leased uad it consisted less of straight walks, where



nods at g' illey has its brother.



THE INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY

OF

FAMOUS LITERATURE.



FROM "EVELINA."

By FRANCES BURNEY.

[Frances Borxey, later Madame D'Arblay, English novelist, was born at
Lynn Regis, June 13, 1752. Her first novel, " Evelina," was published in 1778 ;
her second, "Cecilia," in 1782; the third, "Camilla," in 179G, after her mar-
riage to a French '^ Emigre'' artillery officer ; her last, "The Wanderer." in 1814.
She brought out a tragedy, " Edwy and Elvina," in 1794. She wrote also the
" Memoirs of Dr. Burney " (her father), published in 1832. She died January 6,
1840. Her " Letters and Diaries " were published 1842-1846.

HoLBORN, June 17th.

Yesterday Mr. Smith carried his point, of making a party
for Vauxhall, consisting of Madame Duval, M. Du Bois, all
the Branghtons, Mr. Brown, himself, — and me! — for I find
all endeavors vain to escape anything which these people desire
I should not.

There were twenty disputes previous to our setting out ;
first, as to the fme of our going : Mr. Branghton, his son, and
young Brown were for six o'clock ; and all the ladies and Mr.
Smith were for eight; — the latter, however, conquered.

Then, as to the ivai/ we should go ; some were for a boat,
others for a coach, and Mr. Branghton himself was for walking :
but the boat, at length, was decided upon. Indeed, this was
the only part of the expedition that was agreeable to me, for
the Thames was delightfully pleasant.

The Garden is very pretty, but too formal ; I should have
been better pleased had it consisted less of straight walks, where

Grove nods at grove, each alley has its brother.
4385



4386 EVELINA.

The trees, the numerous lights, and the company in the
circle round the orchestra make a most brilliant and gay ap-
pearance ; and, had I been with a party less disagreeable to
me, I should have thought it was a place formed for animation
and pleasure. There was a concert, in the course of which a
hautbois concerto was so charmingly plaj^ed that I could have
thought myself upon enchanted ground, had I had spirits more
gentle to associate with. The hautbois in the open air is
heavenly.

Mr. Smith endeavored to attach himself to me, with such
officious assiduity, and impertinent freedom, that he quite sick-
ened me. Indeed, M. Du Bois was the only man of the party
to whom, voluntarily, I ever addressed myself. He is civil and
respectful, and I have found nobody else so since I left How-
ard Grove. His English is very bad, but I prefer it to speak-
ing French myself, whicli I dare not venture to do. I converse
with him frequently, both to disengage myself from others, and
to oblige Madame Duval, who is always pleased when he is
attended to.

As we were walking about the orchestra, I heard a bell ring,
and, in a moment, Mr. Smith, flying up to me, caught my hand,
and, with a motion too quick to be resisted, ran away with me
many yards before I had breath to ask his meaning, though I
struggled as well as I could to get from him. At last, however,
I insisted upon stopping ; " Stopping, Ma'am ! " cried he, " why,
we must run on, or we shall lose the cascade ! "

And then again he hurried me away, mixing with a crowd
of people, all running with so much velocity that I could not
imagine what had raised such an alarm. We were soon fol-
lowed by the rest of the part}^ ; and my surprise and ignorance
proved a source of diversion to them all, which was not ex-
hausted the whole evening. Young Branghton, in particular,
laughed till he could hardly stand.

The scene of the cascade I thought extremely pretty, and
the general effect striking and lively.

But this was not the only surprise which was to divert
them at my expense ; for they led me about the garden, pur-
posely to enjoy my first sight of various other deceptions.

About ten o'clock, Mr. Smith having chosen a box in a very
conspicuous place, we all went to supper. Much fault was
found with everything that was ordered, though not a morsel
of anything was left ; and the dearness of provisions, with con-



EVELINA. 4387

jectures upon what profit was made b}^ them, supplied discourse
during the whole meal.

When wine and cider were brought, Mr. Smith said, " Now
let's enjoy ourselves ; now is the time, or never. Well, Ma'am,
and how do you like Vauxhall ? "

" Like it I "' cried young Branghton, " why, how can she
help liking it ? She has never seen such a place before, that 111
answer for."

" For my part," said ]\Iiss Branghton, " I like it because it
is not vulgar."

" This must have been a fine treat for you, ]\Iiss," said Mr.
Branghton ; " why, I suppose you was never so happy in all
your life before? "

I endeavored to express my satisfaction with some pleasure,
yet I believe they were much amazed at my coldness.

" Miss ouglit to stay in town till the last night," said j'oung
Branghton, "• and then, it's my belief, she'd say something to it !
Why, Lord, it's the best night of any ; there's always a riot, —
and there the folks run about, — and then there's such squeal-
ing and squalling I — and there all the lamps are broke, — and
the women run skimper scamper — I declare 1 would not take
five guineas to miss the last night ! "

I was very glad when they all grew tired of sitting, and
called for the waiter to pay the bill. The Miss Branghtons
said they would walk on, while the gentlemen settled the ac-
count, and asked me to accompany them ; which, however, I
declined.

" You girls may do as you please," said Madame Duval ;
" but as to me, I promise you, I shan't go nowhere without the
gentlemen."

" No more, I suppose, will my Coitsm," said Miss Branghton,
looking reproachfully towards Mr. Smith.

This reflection, which I feared would flatter his vanity,
made me, most unfortunately, request Madame Duval's per-
mission to attend them. She granted it, and away we went,
having promised to meet in the room.

To the room, therefore, I would immediately have gone :
but the sisters agreed that they would first have a little pleas-
ure, and they tittered, and talked so loud, that they attracted
universal notice.

" Lord, Polly," said the eldest, " suppose we were to take a
turn in the dark walks ? "



4388 EVELINA.

" Ay, do," answered she, " and then we'll hide ourselves,
and then Mr. Brown will think we are lost."

I remonstrated very warmly against this plan, telling them
it would endanger our missing the rest of the party all the
evening.

" O dear," cried Miss Branghton, " I thought how uneasy
Miss would be, without a beau ! "

This impertinence I did not think worth answering ; and,
quite by compulsion, I followed them down a long alley, in
which there was hardly any light.

By the time we came near the end, a large party of gentle-
men, apparently very riotous, and who were hallooing, leaning
on one another, and laughing immoderatel}^ seemed to rush
suddenly from behind some trees, and, meeting us face to
face, put their arms at their sides, and formed a kind of circle,
which first stopped our proceeding, and then our retreating,
for we were presently entirely inclosed. The Miss Branghtons
screamed aloud, and I was frightened exceedingly : our screams
were answered with bursts of laughter, and, for some minutes,
we were kept prisoners, till at last, one of them, rudely seizing
hold of me, said I was a pretty little creature.

Terrified to death, I struggled with such vehemence to dis-
engage myself from him, that I succeeded, in spite of his efforts
to detain me ; and immediately, and with a swiftness which
fear only could have given me, I flew rather than ran up the
walk, hoping to secure my safety by returning to the lights
and company we had so foolishly left : but before I could pos-
sibly accomplish my purpose, I was met by another party of
men, one of whom placed himself so directly in my way, calling
out, " Whither so fast, my love ? " that I could only have pro-
ceeded by running into his arms.

In a moment, both ray hands, by different persons, were
caught hold of ; and one of them, in a most familiar manner,
desired, when I ran next, to accompany me in a race ; while
the rest of the party stood still and laughed.

I was almost distracted with terror, and so breathless with
running that I could not speak, till another, advancing, said I
was as handsome as an angel, and desired to be of the party.
I then just articulated, "For Heaven's sake, Gentlemen, let me
pass."

Another then rushing suddenly forward exclaimed, " Heaven
and earth ! what voice is that ? "



EVELIXA. 4389

" The voice of the prettiest little actress I have seen this
age," answered one of my persecutors.

" No, — no, — no, — • '' I panted out, " I am no actress, —
pray let me go, — pray let me pass."

" By all that's sacred." cried the same voice, which I then
knew for Sir Clement Willoughby's, " 'tis herself I "

" Sir Clement Willoughby," cried I. '' O Sir, assist — assist
me — or I shall die with terror! "

" Gentlemen," cried he, disengaging tliem all from me in an
instant, "pray leave this lady to me."

Loud laughs proceeded from every mouth, and two or three
said, '■'•Willoughby has all the luck!'" But one of them, in a
passionate manner, vowed he would not give me up, for that
he had the first right to me, and would support it.

" You are mistaken," said Sir Clement ; " this lady is — I
will explain myself to you another time ; but, I assure you,
you are all mistaken."

And then, taking my willing hand, he led me off, amidst
the loud acclamations, laughter, and gross merriment of his
impertinent companions.

As soon as we had escaped from them. Sir Clement, with a
voice of surprise, exclaimed, " ^ly dearest creature, what won-
der, what strange revolution, has brought you to such a spot
as this ? "

Ashamed of ray situation, and extremely mortified to be
thus recognized by him, I was for some time silent, and when
he repeated his question, only stammered out, "I have, — I
hardly know how, — lost myself from my part}-."

He caught my hand, and eagerly pressing it, in a passionate
voice said, " O that I had sooner met with thee I "

Surprised at a freedom so unexpected, I angrily broke
from him, saying, " Is this the protection you give me, Sir
Clement?" '^ .

And then I saw, what the perturbation of my mind had pre-
vented m}- sooner noticing, that he had led me, though I know
not how, into another of the dark alleys, instead of the place
whither I meant to go.

" Good God ! " I cried, " where am I ? — What way are you
going ? "

"Where,'" answered he, "we shall be least observed."

Astonished at this speech, I stopped short, and declared I
would go no further.



4390 EVELINA.

" And why not, my angel ? " again endeavoring to take my
hand.

My heart beat with resentment ; I pushed him away from
me with all my strength, and demanded how he dared treat me
with sucli insolence.

" Insolence ? " repeated he.

" Yes, Sir Clement, insolence ; from you, who know me,
I had a claim for protection, — not to such treatment as
this."

"By Heaven," cried he, with warmth, "'you distract me, —
why, tell me, — why do I see you here ? — Is this a place for
Miss Anville ? — these dark walks ! — no party ! — no com-
panion ! — by all that's good, I can scarce believe my senses ! "

Extremely offended at this speech, I turned angrily from
him, and, not deigning to make any answer, walked on towards
that part of the garden whence I perceived the lights and
company.

He followed me ; but we were both some time silent.

" So you will not explain to me your situation ? " said he,
at length.

" No, Sir," answered I, disdainfully.

" Nor yet — suffer me to make my own interpretation ? "

I could not bear this strange manner of speaking ; it made
my very soul shudder, — and I burst into tears.

He flew to me, and actually flung himself at my feet, as if
regardless who might see him, saying, "• Oh, Miss Anville —
loveliest of women — forgive my — my — - 1 beseech you forgive
me ; — if I have offended, — if I have hurt you — I could kill
myself at the thought ! "

"No matter, Sir, no matter," cried I, " if I can but find my
friends, — I will never speak to — never see you again ! "

" Good God ! — good Heaven ! — my dearest life, what is
it I have done ? — what is it I have said ? "

" You best know. Sir, what and ivhy ; — but don't hold me
here, — let me be gone ; and do you! "

" Not till you forgive me ! — I cannot part with you in
anger."

" For shame, for shame, Sir ! " cried I, indignantly ; " do
you suppose I am to be thus compelled ? — do you take advan-
tage of the absence of my friends, to affront me ? "

" No, Madam," cried he, rising, " I would sooner forfeit my
life than act so mean a part. But you have flung me into



EVELINA. 4391

amazement unspeakable, and you will not condescend to listen
to my request of giving me some explanation."

" The manner, Sir," said I, " in which you spoke that re-
quest made and will make me scorn to answer it."

" Scorn ! — I will own to you, I expected not such displeas-
ure from Miss Anville."

" Perhaps, Sir, if you had, you would less voluntarily have
merited it."

" My dearest life, surely it must be knoA\Ti to you that the
man does not breathe who adores you so passionately, so fer-
vently, so tenderly, as I do ! — why then will you delight in
perplexing me? — in keeping me in suspense — in torturing
me with doubt ? "

" I, Sir, delight in perplexing you ! — You are much mis-
taken. Your suspense, your doubts, your perplexities, — are
of your own creating ; and believe me, Sii", they may offend^
but they can never delight me : — but, as you have yourself
raised, you must yourself satisfy them."

"■ Good God ! — that such haughtiness and such sweetness
can inhabit the same mansion I "

I made no answer, but quickening my pace, I walked on
silently and sullenly ; till this most impetuous of men, snatching
my hand, which he grasped with violence, besought me to for-
give him, with such earnestness of supplication that, merely to
escape his importunities, I was forced to speak, and, in some
measure, to grant the pardon he requested : though it was ac-
corded with a very ill grace ; but, indeed, I knew not how to
resist the humility of his entreaties : yet never shall I recollect
the occasion he gave me of displeasure, without feeling it re-
newed.

We now soon arrived in the midst of the general crowd, and
my own safety being then insured, I grew extremely uneasy for
the Miss Branghtons, whose danger, however imprudently in-
curred by their own folly, I too well knew how to tremble for.
To this consideration all my pride of heart yielded, and I de-
termined to seek my party with the utmost speed ; though
not without a sigh did I recollect the fruitless attempt I had
made, after the opera, of concealing from this man my un-
fortunate connections, which I was now obliged to make
known.

I hastened, therefore, to the room, with a view of sending
young Branghton to the aid of his sisters. In a very short time,



4392 EVELINA.

I perceived Madame Duval, and the rest, looking at one of the
paintings.

I must own to you, honestly, my dear Sir, that an involun-
tary repugnance seized me, at presenting such a set to Sir
Clement, — he who had been used to see me in parties so dif-
ferent ! — My pace slackened as I approached them, — but they
presently perceived me.

" Ah^ Mademoiselle ! " cried M. Du Bois, " Que je suis charmS
de vous voir ! "

"Pray, Miss," cried Mr. Brown, "where's Miss Polly?"

"Why, Miss, you've been a long while gone," said Mr.
Branghton ; " we thought you'd been lost. But what have you
done with your cousins ? "

I hesitated, — for Sir Clement regarded me with a look of
wonder.

" Pardi^'' cried Madame Duval, " I shan't let you leave me
again in a hurry. Why, here we've been in such a fright ! —
and, all the while, I suppose, you've been thinking nothing about
the matter."

" Well," said young Branghton, " as long as Miss is come
back, I don't mind, for as to Bid and Poll, they can take care
of themselves. Bu^t the best joke is, Mr. Smith is gone all
about a looking for you."

These speeches were made almost in a breath : but when, at
last, they waited for an answer, I told them that, in walking
up one of the long alleys, we had been frightened and separated.

"The long alleys ! " repeated Mr. Branghton, "and, pray,
what had you to do in the long alleys ? why, to be sure, you
must all of you have had a mind to be affronted ! "

This speech was not more impertinent to me, than surprising
to Sir Clement, who regarded all the party with evident as-
tonishment. However, I told young Branghton no time ought
to be lost, for that his sisters might require his immediate
protection.

" But how will they get it? " cried this brutal brother ; " if
they've a mind to behave in such a manner as that, they ought
to protect themselves ; and so they may for me."

" Well," said the simple Mr. Brown, " whether you go or
no, I think I may as well see after Miss Polly."

The father, then interfering, insisted that his son should
accompany him ; and away they went.

It was now that Madame Duval first perceived Sir Clement ,*



EVELIXA. 4393

to whoni turning with a look of great displeasure, she angrily
said, '■'■ Ma f 01, so you are corned here, of all the people in the
world ! — I wonder, child, you would let such a — such a, person
as that keep company with you."

•• I am very sorry, Madam," said Sir Clement, in a tone of
surprise, " if I have been so unfortunate as to offend you ; but
I believe you will not regret the honor I now have of attending
^liss Anville, when you hear that I have been so happy as to do
her some service."

Just as Madame Duval, with her usual 3Iafoi, was beginning
to reply, the attention of Sir Clement was wholly drawn from
her, by the appearance of ^Ir. Smith, who coming suddenly
behind me, and freely putting his hands on my shoulders, cried,
"■ Oho, my little runaway, have I found you at last ? I have
been scampering all over the gardens for you, for I was deter-
mined to find you, if you were above ground. — But how could
you be so cruel as to leave us ? "

I turned round to him, and looked with a degree of contempt
that I hoped would have quieted him ; but he had not the sense
to understand me ; and. attempting to take my hand, he added,
" Such a demure-looking lady as you are, who'd have thought
of your leading one such a dance? — Come, now, don't be so
coy, — only think what a trouble I have had in running after
you ! "

"The trouble, Sir," said I, "was of your own choice, — not
mine." And I walked round to the other side of Madame
Duval.

Perhaps I was too proud, — but I could not endure that Sir
Clement, whose eyes followed him with looks of the most sur-
prised curiosity, should witness his unwelcome familiarity.



Online LibraryAndrew LangThe International library of famous literature : selections from the world's great writers, ancient, mediaeval, and modern, with biographical and explanatory notes and with introductions (Volume TEN (10)) → online text (page 1 of 46)