Andrew Stuart.

Genealogical history of the Stewarts, from the earliest period of their authentic history to the present time. Containing a particular account of the origin and successive generations of the Stuarts o online

. (page 1 of 39)
Online LibraryAndrew StuartGenealogical history of the Stewarts, from the earliest period of their authentic history to the present time. Containing a particular account of the origin and successive generations of the Stuarts o → online text (page 1 of 39)
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A particular Account of the Origin and Successive Generations of
the STUJRTS of Darnley, Lennox, and Aubigny, and of the
STUARTS of Castelmilk j with Proofs and References;




Containing COPIES of various DISPENSATIONS found in the Vatican at Rome,
in the Courfe of a Search made by the Author in the Year 1789; particularly
Copies of Two very interefting Dispensations which had long been fought for
in vain, relating to ROBERT the Stewart of Scotland (King Robert II.) his
much contefted Marriages with ELIZABETH MORE and EUPHEMIA ROSS.







— 12-58153

TT is lb well known in vnvinnc qnai-f-crQ, rTiat- mnrli nf my time and
•*■ attention has been employed for many years paft in collefting
and arranging the materials from which the following Genealogical
Hiftory has been compofed, that there is little hazard of my being
fubjed to the imputation of having finiflied the work too haftily ; or
of having proceeded with too much rapidity in the refearches and in-
quiries neceflary for acquiring fufficient information. But there is a
criticifm of a different tendency againft which I am not fo fecure ;
fome of my friends may be difpofed to think that 1 ftand in need of an
apology for having bellowed fo much time and labor on a work of this
nature. Some of them indeed have infinuated, that the large portion
of time and labor bellowed on this work might have been employed
to better purpofe, either by my engaging in fome adive purfuit of
bufmefs, public or private ; or by my making choice of a fubjedl
more conneded with the general interefls of fociety, and more likely
to be interelling to an extenfive circle of readers.

Confidering myfelf as thus put on my defence, I mufl try what
can be faid in juftification of the choice of the fubjed, and of the
time and attention which have been dedicated to it.

Having pafTed many years of my life in bufinefs that required
much unremitting attention, and which produced too much anxiety ;

I was


I was fenfible that any occupations attended with fimilar anxieties,
and likely to keep the mind too much upon the ftretch, ought to be
avoided during the remainder of my life. On this fubje£l I recol-
ledcd an admonition of Sir William Temple's, which had probably
been fuggefted to him by his own experience : it is in his Mifcellanea,
and is in thefe words : " When after much working, one's head is
" very well fettled, the beft is not to fet it a-working again." In
fupport of this advice, he adds the following obfervation : " The
" more and longer the head has worked at firft, perliaps the finer and
" ftrongerj but cvciy new working does but trouble and weaken it."

Whether the reafon thus given for the admonition be well or ill
founded, I fhall not pretend to judge ; but I felt in myfelf a great
difpofition to adopt the falutary advice proceeding from the re-
fpedtable authority of Sir William Temple, who in the courfe of his
life had been employed in many important and refponfible fituations ;
and who, befides being a man of much jufl obfervation, and of a
philofophical turn of mind, had, in his own cafe, much experience
of the anxieties belonging to certain fituations of real bufmefs, and
of their confequences.

At the fame time it has long been a fettled opinion with me, that
no man whatever is entitled to pafs his life in idlenefs, indolence, or
inadivity ; and that the employment of time in fome ufeful bufmefs
or purfuit which gives exercife to the faculties, affords more fatisfac-
tion and even relaxation to the mind, and certainly contributes much
more to the happinefs of the individual, than the abftaining from
all manner of ferious occupation.

With thefe imprefTions, the only thing left for me, was to feled
fome proper obje£l that might occupy my attention, without creating
too much anxiety ; in fliort, to difcover fomething that, without
being real bufmefs, might bear fuch a refemblance to it as to re-
quire a difcriminating eye to difcern the difference. — The work



about which I have been engaged will be found to anfwer this de-
icription in all points. For hiftories, of the nature of that now given
to the public, afford an agreeable occupation, by having for their
objedt the dlfcovery of truth, and the corredlion of error : in the
purfuit of fuch objects, the attention muft be employed, as in real
bufinefs, in canvaffing the truth or falfehood of afferted fads accord-
ing to the laws and rules of evidence ; fo as that every proportion
or aflertion intended to ftand as a part of the hiftory may be brought
to the tcft of a ftrl e'x:amination.

To difcover truth, and to detect error, Is, of Itfclf, a proper
objed at all times, and affords a pleafing employment to the mind,
without being attended with thofe anxieties which are incident to
that fpecies of real bufinefs, where the individual interefls of parties
may happen to be deeply concerned.

Thefe reafons occurred In favor of the choice of the fubjeft. At
the fame time, I muft acknowledge that there were fome accidental
eircumftances which contributed, not lefs than any deliberate choice,,
to the employment of my time and attention in the manner they
have been much employed for many years paft.

In the year 1787, I happened to pay a vifit at Caftelmilk to my
near relations and particular friends, Sir John and Lady Stuart.
The converfation turned upon the ftrange indolence or want of
euriofity which fo pervaded many families, that no pains had been
taken to learn any thing concerning the anceftors from whom they
had derived their exiftence, negleding to be informed either as to
what fort of perfons they had been, or what characters they had en-
joyed ; and in frequent ignorance even of the names and other
particulars concerning them. We agreed in opinion that thefe obfei"-
vations were applicable to the Caftelmilk family as much as tO'
any other ; for that there was not any tolerable Genealogical Hiftory
of them, nor even any accurate account of the names of the fucceffive
reprefentatives j this negligence feemed to be a reproach upon every



individual belonging to the family. It was obferved, that the only
excufe given for it was, a traditional report, that Queen Mary having
flept in the houfe of Caftelmilk about the time of the battle of Lang-
fide fought in that neighbourhood, the party adverfe to the Queen
came there in a day or two thereafter, fet fire to the houfe, demolifhed
part of it, and burnt or deftroyed the papers belonging to the

This was the reafon given by Sir John Stuart to Sir Robert
Douglas, who, when compofing his Baronet^gp of Scotland, had,
through me, applied for acccfa to lIjlc family papers at Caftelmilk,
or for information from them concerning the Genealogical Hiftory
of the family. Sir John Stuart at that time declined making any
fearch for old papers, being perfuaded they had all been burnt or
deftroyed in the time of the civil diflenfions in Scotland about two
hundred years ago.

In this converfation Lady Stuart defired me to attend to the in-
formation fhe had now to give to me : fhe faid it was very true Sir John
Stuart her uncle had often faid, and believed, that all the old papers
belonging to the Caftelmilk family had been burnt or deftroyed in
Queen Mary's time ; but that it now appeared this was a miftake,
for that fince his death flie had difcovcred in the houfe of Caftelmilk
a great colledtion of old papers and parcliments which fhe was im-
patient to communicate to me, that we might unite in our efforts for
tracing the hiftory of the family from authentic materials.

Upon this occafion Lady Stuart mentioned a report fhe had lately
heard,that Lord Galloway had applied to me for my afTiftance in tracing
the hiftory of his family from the moft remote times, and that I was
giving him every aid in my power for placing him at the head of all
the Stewarts. In mentioning this report, fhe, with her ufual pleafantry
and good humour, reproached me as an unworthy Cadet of the Caftel-
milk family, by thus taking part with any competitor contrary to the
allegiance I owed to my real chief, Sir John Stuart, her hufband.

I ac-


I acknowledged that Lord Galloway had applied to me, and that
I had told his Lordfhip I fhould be very ready to affift him in
tracing the hlftory of his family, and in difcovering the truth ; but
that any affiftance I could give would be of little confequence,
as I had not yet acquired a competent knowledge of fa£ls to
found an opinion upon, which opinion muft depend on the evi-
dence yet to be difcovered. In anfwer to Lady Stuart's charge
againft me for taking part againft my real chief, I defended myfelf by
faying, that I had underftood that the Caftelmilk family was out of
the qucftion, as they, according to their own account, had no old
papers to produce ; and without proper uidicrials, it was impoffible
to fay any thing in their favor : on the other hand, that I had been
accuftomed to believe, becaufe I had often heard it aflerted, that Lord
Galloway's family had the beft pretenfions to be at the head of the
Stewarts after Cardinal York's death, though as yet I was ignorant
of the particulars.

Lady Stuart then produced to me a bundle of old papers and
charters as a fpecimen of what fhe had difcovered. In that
bundle I found an original charter, which had been granted near
four hundred years ago by Archibald Earl of Douglas in favor of
John de Park, to which Sir William Stewart^ defcribed of Cajld-
milk^ and as conftu to the Earl of Douglas^ was one of the wit-

In the fame bundle there were many other ancient charters and
title-deeds, and particularly a charter and precept of dare conjiat
which had been granted in the year 1579 by Robert Earl of Lennox as
the Superior, in favor of Archibald Stuart of Caftelmilk as the vaflal
in the lands of Caftelmilk ; in which title-deeds the Earl of Lennox
defcribes Archibald Stuart as his beloved coulin.

From thefe and other material papers in the colledion thus
produced by Lady Stuart, I foon perceived that they would
be of very eflential fervice in tracing the hiftory of the Caf-
telmilk family. We therefore agreed to unite our efforts from
a that


that moment for tracing their hiftory from the authentic ma-
terials in their poiTeffion, and from fuch others as could be difco-
vered in private repofitories and in the Public Records; that
being the only means for obtaining an accurate Genealogical

We knew from Rymer's Foedera, that in a Convention held at
Lochmaban on the 6th of November 1398, between commiffioners
on the part of England and of Scotland, in confequence of a truce
then fubfifting between the two kingdoms, certain articles refpedting
the Weftern Marches were agreed upon ; for the fulfilling of which
on the part of Scotland, Sir TVi/^iam Stewart of Cajlel-mylke^ Knight^
was one of the fureties. As near four hundred years had elapfed
fmce that time, it was agreed that our firft obje6l fhould be to afcer-
tain the fucceflive generations of the Caftelmilk family from the
year 1398 to the prefent times. In confequence of this refolution,
much refearch and much epiftolary correfpondence took place
during feveral years fuhfequent to the year 1787 ; particularly much
epiftolary correfpondence with Lady Stuart, which ferved to en-
courage me exceedingly in the profecution of this bufmefs ; for fhe
has the happy talent of making every fubjedl interefting on which
ftie writes. Her letters contained many ufeful fuggeftions and ob-
ftrvations proceeding from that foundnefs of judgment for which
fhe is fo much diftinguifhed ; and it was owing to her induftry in
difcovering where old papers were to be found, and to the proper ap-
plications made by her for the communication of them, that I ob-
tained accefs to ancient writings and documents in the pofleflion of
various individuals, which in the courfe of the inveftigation turned
out to be very ferviceable in conne

Online LibraryAndrew StuartGenealogical history of the Stewarts, from the earliest period of their authentic history to the present time. Containing a particular account of the origin and successive generations of the Stuarts o → online text (page 1 of 39)