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at length resolved to proceed in person against the
rebels, and made preparations for an expedition on
a large scale to the Isles, but Alexander of Dunny-
veg, who was the head and front of the Island
revolt, realising his danger in the face of the Royal
Expedition, hastened to make his submission to the
King. John Moidartach and the other chiefs, after
being several times summoned for treason, followed
the example of Alexander of Dunnyveg, in the
course of the summer of 1531 gave in their sub-
mission, and upon giving security for their future
good behaviour, they received the King's pardon."
John Moidartach, to whom the King appears to
have shown special favour, received under His
Majesty's great seal a charter of the 27 merklands
of Moidart, the 30 merklands of Arisaig, 21 merk-
lands in Eigg, and the 30 merklands of Skirhough,
in Uist, all of which of old belonged in heritage to
Allan MacRory, his grandfather, and his predecessors.
These lands were granted for the good service done
and to be done by the grantee, the charters granted
to his predecessors having been destroyed through
war and other local disturbances. The lands were
to be held of the King in fee for service of ward,
relief, and marriage, provided that John Moidartach
and his heirs should not do homage to any person
without the license of the King. This charter,
which is still preserved in the Clanranald Charter
Chest, is dated at Edinburgh on the 11th of
February, 1531, but John Moidartach being then a
rebel, the year in which the charter was granted

^ Acts of the Lords of Council. - Ibid. Reg, of Privy Seal.



256 THE CLAN DONALD.

must have been, instead of that given, 1532.
On the same day he also received a precept of
Clare Constat for infefting him in these lands.
This charter to John Moidartach was the first of a
long series of charters granted to different members
of the Clanranald family during the remainder of
the reign of James V. The multiplicity of charters,
as might be expected, created much rivalry and
dissension within the tribe, and, though a recital of
them may be tedious, it is necessary, in order to
point out the relations in which the branches stood
to their Chief territorially. An analysis of the
charters themselves will show them to be worthless
as instruments of tenure. It is well known that
Crown charters were obtained during this period
sometimes by very unworthy means. Instances
could be given of false representations made to
those in power, and of bribes offered and greedily
accepted by hungry courtiers, who, to benefit
themselves, were ready to stoop to the lowest and
most unscrupulous devices. What is remarkable
about the Clanranald charters especially is the
manifest unveracity displayed on the one hand and
the continual encroachment on the lands of the
Chief on the other. The lands encroached upon
are stated in each charter to have been in the
hands of the King since the death of the last
lawful possessor, while the existence of the then
Chief is entirely ignored. The motive of this policy
is not far to seek, and it was neither less nor more
than an attempt to diminish the power of the Chief
and set the tribe by the ears. But John Moidartach
was not the man to be diminished in this way, and
it is quite certain that he retained his superiority
over the xvhole lands of the tribe to the day of his



THE GENEAL0C4Y OF CLAN DONALD. 257

defeat he entered the army, and served for some
years in America. John married Mary, daughter of
Ronald Macdonald of Kinlochmoidart, and had by
her

1. Simon, his successor.

2. Coll, who was an officer in one of the Highland regiments?

and fought in Egypt under A.hercrombie. He was
afterwards Colonel of the 2nd Battalion of the
Royals. On retiring from the army, he was for some
years tenant of the farm of Knock in Sleat. He m.
Frances Cochrane, and had by her a son John, who
died unmarried, and a daughter Maiy, who m.
Angus Macdonald of Inch. She was served heiress
of provision to James Macdonald of Morar in 1849,

3. Isabella, who m. Lieut. Miles Macdonald, of the

8th Regiment.

4. Margaret, who m. Dr Donald Macdonald, Fort-A.ugustus.
John, who in 1784 gave over his estate to his son
Simon, reser^nng a life rent, died in 1809, and was
succeeded by his eldest son (who, though he died
before his father, succeeded him in his estate).

IX. Simon Macdonald. He joined the 92nd
Gordon Highlanders as Captain in 1794, and was
Major in 1795. He retired in 1799. He married
in 1784 Amelia, daughter of Captain James Mac-
donald of Glenmeddle, younger son of Glengarry,
and by her he had

1. James, his successor.

2. Simon, who succeeded his brothei'.

3. John, who succeeded Simon.

4. Elizabeth, who died unmarried in July, 1814.

5. Mary, who died unmarried in Jul}-, 1803.

Major Simon Macdonald died March 12th, 1800,
and was succeeded by his eldest son,

X. James Macdonald. In 1805 he entered
the army, and became an Ensign in the 92nd
Regiment. He served for several years abroad, and

17



258 THE CLAN DONALD,

came home a Major in 1 809. He died at Edinbm^gh
unmarried in October, 1811, and was succeeded by

his brother,

XI. Simon Macdonald. He was educated m
Aberdeen under the tuition of Ewen Maclachlan, the
famous scholar and poet, who afterwards wrote his
elegy (see Maclachlan's " Metrical Effusions "). He
went from Aberdeen to study law in Edinburgh,
and was apprenticed to Coll Macdonald, W.S.
Simon, who was a young man of great promise, was
accidentally shot by the discharge of his own gun,
April 22, 1812, in the 21st year of his age. He
was succeeded by his brother,

XH. John Macdonald. He shewed signs of
fatuousness as early as 1804, when he was in his
fourth year, the result of an accident. He had now
sunk into idiocy. He died in 1832, when he was
succeeded by his cousin,

XIII. James Macdonald. He was the son of
Donald of Guiclale, the son of John of Guidale,
brother of Allan Roy VII. of Morar. He also was
fatuous. He died in 1853, when, the estate being
destined to heirs male, he was succeeded by Ranald
Macdonald, who claimed through Alexander, third
son of Allan Mor IV. of Morar. Having established
his claim in 1854, he sold the estate to Aeneas R.
Macdonald, and returned to America.

THE MACDONALDS OF BORNISH.

This family is descended from Ranald, fourth son
of Dougal VI. of Clanranald, and brother of Allan I.
of Morar. This Ranald held lands in Canna and in
South Uist, but we have no record of w4rat these
were. He was succeeded by his son, John, from



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 259

whom the Macdonalds of Bornish are called Sliorhd
Iain 'ic Raonuill. John was succeeded by his son,

III. DouGALL. He appears to have been the
first of the family who possessed Bornish. John XII.
of Clanranald appointed him bailie of his lands in
Uist, the bailiary to be hereditary in his family. He
was succeeded by his son,

IV. Ranald. He, with his eldest son, John,
received, in 1672, a feu charter from Clanranald of
the seven and a half-penny lands of Bornisuachdrach.
His daughter, Anne, married Ranald, son of Ranald
I. of Benbecula. Ranald was succeeded by his son,

V. John. He was succeeded by his son,

VI. DouGALL. He was bailie of South Uist in
1699. He married Catherine, daughter of Maclean
of Boreray, and had by her —

1. Ranald, his successor.

2. John.

3. Donald.

Dougall was succeeded by his son,

VII. Ranald. He married, and had —

1. John, his successor.

2. Alexander. He studied in the Scots College, Rome, and

came home priest in 1765. He was Priest of Barra
till 1780. In that year he was nominated Bishop of
the Highland District under the title of Bislioj) of
Polemo. His briefs were dated 30th September, 1779,
and he was consecrated by Bishop Hay at Scalan,
March 13, 1780. He died at Samalaman, September
9, 1791.

Ranald was succeeded by his son,

VIII. John. By his first wife he had — -

1. Ranald, hi- successor.

2. Dougall.

3. Archibald.

4. Christina.

5. Mai'ion.



260 THE CLAN DONALD.

John, by his second wife, Catherine Macdonald, had
no family. He was succeeded by his eldest son,

X. Ranald. He was the last Bornish. He
appears as a resident heritor in South Uist in 1837.
In 1845 Bornish had become the property of Colonel
Gordon of Cluny.

THE MACDONALDS OF C4EPJDH0IL, IN UIST.

These Macdonalds were tacksmen of Liniclate,
Geridhoil, and Macheremeanach, under the family
of Morar from which they vvere descended.

The first of the family of Geridhoil was Alex-
ander, third son of Allan Mor Macdonald of Morar.
He married Isabella, daughter of Ranald Macdonald
of Benbecula, and had by her

1. John, who died young.

2. John.

He was succeeded by his son

II. John. He married Janet, daughter of Som-
erled Macdonald of Drimisdale, and he had liy her

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. Allan, who d. unmarried.

.3. Donald, Tacksman of Kilaulay, who left a family.

John was succeeded by his son

III. Alexander. He was implicated in the
Prince's escape, was made prisoner, and taken to
London as evidence against old Lady Clanranald.
He married, first, Isabella, daughter of Allan
Macdonald of Morar, and had by her

1. Ranald of Gerinish.

2. John. He had three daughters and one son, who died

unmai'ried.

3. Alexander, who lived at Gerinish, and had a son, John,

who had two sons and a daughter.

4. Marion, who m. Ranald MacEachen, Howbeg.

5. Mary, wfio m. John Macdonald of Gerifleucli, with issue.



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 261

Alexander married, secondly, Margaret, danghter of
Charles MacEachen of Peninuren, and had by lier

6 Dougall, of Drimore.

7. Hugh, a Priest.

8. Angus, who died at sea unmarried.

9. Ronald, in business in Ghisgow. He died unmarried in

Jamaica.

Alexander Macdonald of Geridhoil was succeeded in
the representation of the family by his eldest son

IV. Ranald of Gerinish. He emigrated with
his wife and family to the American C'olonies in
1784, and purchased lands there which he called
Gerinish. He married, first, Flora, daughter of
Donald Macdonald of Scotus, and had by her

1. Donald Roy, drowned in America, unmarried.

2. Catherine, who m. John Macdonald of (ilenaladale.

3. Mary.

4. Marion.

5. Janet.

Ranald married, secondly. Flora Roy, daughter of
Allan Macdonald of Ardslishnish, brother of Scotus —

6. Allan, who succeeded his father.

7. Alexander, who succeeded his brother, and several

daughters.

Ranald of Gerinish Avas succeeded by his son

V. Allan. He was served heir to his ancestor,
Alexander, third son of Allan Mor of Morar, in
1825. He sold Gerinish to his brother Alexander,
and died in Prince Edward's Island without issue.
He was succeeded by his brother

VI. Alexander, who was a captain in the army.
He was succeeded by his only son

VII. Ranald. Having succeeded in establishing
his claim to the estate of Morar in 1854, he became
the 14th head of the family of Morar.



262 THE CLAN DONALI).

THE MACDONALDS OF DRIMORE.

DouGALL Macuonald of Di'imore was the
eldest son by the second marriage of Alexander
Macdonald III. of Geridhoil. He was an officer in
the American War, and was present in several
engagements. At the raising of the Macdonald
Highlanders he obtained a commission in that
regiment, and went with it to America. He was
taken prisoner in America, and detained for more
than a year. Upon his release, he was promoted to
the 7 1st Kegiment. When it was disbanded, he
returned to Uist on half-pay, and engaged in
agricultural pursuits. He was for some time a
Captain in the Long Island Militia. He married
Margaret, daugliter of Donald Macdonald of Trumis-
garry, and had by her

1. Donald.

2. Alexander, who had five children.

3. Peter, who died unmarried.

i. Margaret, living in Glasgow in 185i.

5. Anne, who married a MackinnoH in Glasgow.

Captain Dougall Macdonald died March 14, 1833,
and was succeeded by his son,

II. Donald, who was a merchant in Glasgow.
He married Elizabeth Pringle, daughter of WilHam
Pringle, merchant, Glasgow, and had

1. William Pringle, who died unmarried in 1837.

2. Dougall.

3. Donald, living near Glasgow, unmarried.

4. Margaret, who died young.

5. Joanna.

Donald died in January, 1842, and was succeeded
by his son,

III. Dougall, who died many years ago
unmarried.




1. John^Macdoiiald of Gleualadale.

2. Angus IMacdoiiald of Gleualadale.

3. Colonel Johu A. Macdonald, C.B.

of Gleualadale.



lid of



^47 Archbishop' Angus Macdoual

vSt Andrews and Edinburgh
(Gleualadale).
5. Bishop Hugh Macdouald of Aber-
deen (Gleualadale).



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 2G3

THE iMACDONALDS OF GLENALADALE.

The first of this family was John Og, son of John
Moidartach VII. of Clanranald, by Mary, daughter
of Allan Macdunald of Knoydart. He took part
with his lather in all liis engagements, and his name
is included in the Precept of Remission in favour of
John Moidartach, and others, in 15GG. John Og
married Juliet, daughter of Donald Macdonald of
Loclian, and had by her

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. John.

3. Donald.

He was succeeded by his eldest son

II. Alexander Macdonald. He married
Letitia, daughter of Allan IX. of Clanranald, and
had by her

1. Roderick.

2. John.

3. Alexander.

He was succeeded by his eldest son

III. Roderick Macdonald. In 1674 he received
a charter from Donald XIII. of Clanranald of the
2 marklands of Glenaladale and the 30 shilling lands
of Glenfinan. He is obliged to have in readiness
for service a sufficient galley of 16 oars and 100 men
when required. Roderick married Mary, daughter
of Alexander Macdonald of Kinlochmoidart, and had
by her

1. Angus, his successor.

2. John.

3. Alexander.

4. Allan.

5. Mary, ui. to Lachlan Macdonald of Laig.

Roderick was succeeded by his eldest son

lY. Angus Macdonald. He became a Priest,
and was succeeded by his next brother



264 THE CLAN DONALD.

Y. John Macdonalf). He married a daughter
of Angus Macdonald of Balivaiiich, and had by her

1. John, who succeeded him.

2. Angus of Borrodiile, whose son, Alexander, afterwards

succeeded by jiurchase to Glenaladale.

3. llunald.

i. Alexander.

5. Allan.

6. Roderick, a Lieutenant in the army of Prince Charles.

7. James, who was Bailie of Canna in 1746. Being

suspected of Jacol)ite sj-mpathies, he was, notwith-
standing the protection he had received from the Earl
of Loudon, taken to London and kept a prisoner
there for a j'ear.

8. Donald.

9. Penelope, who m. Angus Macdunald, Tacksman of

Stonibridgc, in Uist.
10. Catherine, who m. Donald Macleod of Gualtergill, in
Skye, associated with Prince Charles in his wanderings
in the Isles.

John Macdonald of Glenaladale, who was dead
before 1710, was succeeded by his eldest son,

VI. John Macdonald. He jnarried Mary,
daughter of Allan Macdonald of Morar, and had
by her

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. John, an othcer in the Anuy of Prince Charles. He

had formerly served as an officer in the French Army.

3. Allan.

John was succeeded by his eldest son,

Vir. Alexander Macdonald. Glenaladale was
among the first to espouse the cause of Prince
Charles, and it was ori his estate at Glenfinan that
the royal standard of the House of Stuart was
unfui'led. He played a cons]ncnous part in all the
engagements ©f the Highland Army, and held the
rank of Major in the Clanranald Regiment. After
the disaster at Culluden, when the Prince found his



TUE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 2G5

way to the West Coast, Glenaladale acted as the
faithful guide and companion of Charles. On
tlie return of the Prince from Uist, he continued
under the protection of Glenahidale and his friends
until he embarked for France. The Prince was
entertained at Glenaladale's house on several
occasions. Glenaladale, who did not follow Charles
to France, succeeded in eluding the pursuit of
the emissaries of the Government until finally
the Indemnity Act set him free. He married
Margaret, daughter of Donald Macdonald of Scotus
by his first wife, Helen Meldrum of Meldrum, and
had by her

L John, his successor.

2. Hugh. He Avas sent to tlie Scots College, Rome, in

1757, where he remained for twelve years. On his
leaving Home he became Priest of Moidart, and
laboured there with success for many years. He
afterwards followed his brother Glenaladale to Prince
Edward Island, where he exercised his calling among
his own countrymen for some years. Father Hugh,
who was very popular among his countrymen, was
I'eckoned a pious and zealous clergyman, an eloquent
preacher, and a highly cultured man. He died
through blood poisoning, greatly lamented by his
countrymen and all who knew him, and wiv« buried
at the Scotch Fort.

3. Donald, who accompanied his brother to Prince Edward

Island.

4. Clementina, who m. Alexander M'Nab of lunishewen,

with issue.

Alexander Macdonald of Glenaladale died January
30, 1761, in the 49th year of his age, and was
succeeded by his eldest son,

Vni. John Macdonald. He was educated at
Ratisbon, and was a man of many accomplishments
and goodness of heart. He acted for several years
as factor on the Clanranald estates, and, his



266 THE CLAN DONALD.

business capacity, tact, and suavity of manner,
earned the esteem of his chief, whose right hand
man he was, and of his tenants, among whom he
was highly pojjular. In the year 1770 differences
arose between Colin Macdonald of Boisdale and his
tenants in South Uist, which fesulted m a serious
religious quarrel between the parties. It was alleged
against Boisdale that, taking advantage of his posi-
tion as proprietor, he attempted to force his tenants
to abjure the Catholic religion and become Protes-
tant, or leave his estate. Boisdale afterwards
denied that he ever threatened to evict his tenants
on account of their religion. However this may be,
these people, who were loyally attached to their
Church, felt the insecurity of their position, and,
accordingly, a scheme of emigration to the American
Colonies was suggested as the only remedy for the
state of matters. The great obstacle to this plan
was the difficulty of providing the necessary funds,
but Glenaladale, the chief j)romoter of the sclieme,
magnanimously oifered to raise the sum required on
the security of his estate. Before the end of the
year 1771 he had bought a large tract of land in St
John's Island for the intending emigrants, and in
May of the following year a hundred persons left
South Uist, and proceeded to the new home provided
for them. In a short time it was reported that "the
Uist emigrants were doing extremely well in St
John's Island, and living already much better than
at home." In the summer of 1773, Glenaladale,
who is deserving of the highest praise for his noble
act of self-sacrifice, sold his estate to his cousin,
Alexander Macdonald of Borodale, and joined his
Uist friends in St John's Island. When, shortly
afterwards, the Revolutionary War broke out in



I



I



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 207

America, he volunteered for service, and was largely
instrumental in raising the 84th, or Royal High-
land Emigrant Regiment General Small, referring
to his services in a dispatch to the British Govern-
ment, said : — " The activity and unahating zeal of
Captain John Macdonald of Glenaladale in bringing
an excellent company into the field is his least
recommendation, being acknowledged by all who
know him to be one of the most accomplished
men and best officers of his rank in His Majesty's
service." The British Government showed their
appreciation of his services and character in
otferinix him the o-overnment ()f Prince Edward
Island, which, on account of the oath required to
be taken, he could not accept. Glenaladale married
first, Isabella Gordon, daughter of Gordon of Ward-
house, in Aberdeenshire, and by her had one child,
who died young. He married, secondly, Catherine,
daughter of Ranald Macdonald of Gerinish, and had
by her —

L Donald, wlio succeeded his father iu the representation
of the family.

2. William, who was drowned on the coast of Ireland on his

way to be educated in England.

3. John. He was educated in Paris for the Church, and

was priest in Glasgow for many years. He afterwards
returned to Prince Edward Island, and occupied in
succession several charges. He finally returned to
this country, and died at Brighton in 1874.

■i. Roderick. He was an officer in the British Army, and
served in New Brunswick, in Bermuda, in the Ionian
Islands, and in Greece, where he died in 1854. He
married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Alexander Mac-
donald of Glengarry, and had a son, Alastair, and two
daughters, Emma and Elizabeth.

5. Margaret, who married John Macdonald, an officer in the
Glengarry Fencibles, afterwards iu the 84th Regiment,
and had two sons and two daughters.



268 THE CLAN DONALD

John Macdonald of Glenaladale died in Prince
Edward Island in 1811, and was succeeded in his
new possession by his eldest son

(IX.) The Hon. Donald Macdonald. He was
educated at Stonyhurst, in England. Returning
to Prince Edward Island, he played a prominent
part in the public affairs of the Colony. He
married a granddaughter of a Colonel Robertson,
a loyalist who fought in the A.merican War. By
her he had

1. John Archibald, in Glenaladale Township, Prince Edward

Island.

2. Augustine Ralph, in New York.

3 Sir William C. Macdonald, Montreal.

The Hon. Donald Macdonald was succeeded by his
eldest son,

(X.) John Archibald Macdonald. He mar-
ried and had issue —

1. Frederick John.

2. Anna Rebecca.

3. William Augustine.

4. Margaret Jane.

5. Matilda Helen.

6. Donald Archibald.

7. Roderick Brecken,
y. John Appolonarus.
9. ^neas.

John Archibald Macdonald, who was born July
24th, 1825, died July 13th, 1903.

It will now be necessary to trace the gene-
alogy of the family, the head of which became
IX. of Glenaladale by purchase in 1773. As
has already been stated, John Macdonald of
Glenaladale sold his estate in that year to his
cousin, Alexander Macdonald of Borodale. ^ The
old Borodale family were descended from Angus X.



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 269

of Claiiranald. The first of this family to
occupy the lands of Boiodale was Donald^ Gorm,
whose lease was renewed by John XII. of Clan-
ranald in 1620. After him, w^e find John Macdonald
of Borodale in 1670, and again Alexander Macdonald
of Borodale in 17C8. This family appears to have
been succeeded by Angus Macdonald of Borodale,
son of John V. of Glenaladale. He was the first
person to whom Prince Charles gave a commission
in Scotland. The Prince landed at Borodale from
Eriska on July 25th, 1745, and stayed a night in
the house of Angus Macdonald, who from that time
steadfastly adhered to his cause. After his wander-
ings in the WesteiMi Isles, the Prince returned to
Borodale and found Angus Macdonald living in a
bothy, his house having been burned. After a stay
of about a week under the protection of his loyal
adherent, the Prince was obliged to leave Borodale
accompanied by Glenaladale, John, his brother, and
John, Borodale's son. John and Ranald, Borodale's
sons, afterwards guarded the Prince for several days.
Angus of Borodale, who was a good Gaelic scholar,
and well versed in the literature of the country, n'as
the author of the " Journal and Memoirs of the
Expedition of the Prince to Scotland," printed in
the Lockhart Papers. Angus of Borodale had four
sons —

1. Alexander, afterwards of Glenaladale.

2. Ranald of Borodale. He was an officer in the Prince's

Army, and was afterwards closely associated witli him
in his wanderings. Ranald had two sons, .John, wlio
succeeded him at Borodale, afterwards of Glenaladale,
and Alexander, and a daughter, Isabella, who married
Andrew Macdonald, tacksman of Islaidshona, with
issne.

3. .John, an officer in the Prince's Army, killed at Culloden.

4. John. He had been destined for the priesthood, and

with this view was sent to Ratisbon. He was after-



270 THE CLAN DONALD.

wards known as " Iain Frangach." He was an officer
in the Prince's Army, and left a manuscript account
of his wanderings, which was published in " Black-
wood's Magazine" in 1873. He became Tacksman of
Ducharais and Torbay under Clanranald, and m.
Mary, daughter of Archibald Macdonald of Barisdale,
by whom he had a son,

(a) Archibald, who succeeded him, and was well known as
" Rhue," the name of the place in which he lived.

(j5) Jamc, who was for some years Priest of Barra, and
was drowned in the Sound of Sleat.

Archibald inherited the estate of Lochshiel from
his cousin, Alexander Macdonald of Glenaladale.



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