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3. Marion Lindsay.

Aeneas died at Ehn Park Road, Chelsea, January 2,
1901, in the 53rd year of iiis aoe, and was succeeded
by his son,

IX. Aeneas Ranald, who was born in 1875,
was educated at St Paul's Scliool, London, and was
for a short time connected witli the banking firm of
Herries Farquhar & Co. He was for some time a
tea planter in Ceylon, and is now in the service of
the firm of Schebaufi'e & Co. in Baku.

THE MACDONALDS OF LOCHGARRY.

This family is descended from Ranald IX. of
Glengarry and II. of Scotas. John, the first of the
family, was the third son of Ranald. He was
known as of Sandaig. which he held with other
lands of his father and brother. In 1696, there is
a sasine to him of the lands of Sandaig, and others.

He married, in 1689, Janet, daughter of Hugh
Macdonald of Glenmore {son of Sir James Mac-
donald of Sleat) and Anna, daughter of Alexander
Robertson of Struaii, by whom he had a daughter,
Mary. He married, secondly, Helen, daughter of
Donald Cameron of Glendissary, second son of Allan
Cameron of Lochiel, and had by her —

1. Donald, his successor.

2. Aligns of Greenfield.

John died in 1725, and was succeeded by his son,

II. Donald. He held several wadsets under
Glengarry, and being a good business man, he Avas




1. Colnin;! A. A. Maoldiull <i("I,(kIi-

.i;arr\ .

2. Captain A A. Maiiloiull <>| I,.uli

LMirv.



;. I'nifisMH- A. A. MMcrloiuH nf I,«h1i-

.!L;arr\ .
|. Aniiiliald .Macilmialil «)f I'.aris.

dak-.



5. Williaiii .Maciluii il.l of San. la.



THK GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 329

appointed Chamberlain on the Glencrarry Estates in
1733. In 173G, he pnichased the lands of Inner-
hadden, in Rannoch, fiom James, Duke of Atholl.
In 1738, lie purchased from him the Estate of
Lochgarry, comprising the lands of Dalnaspidal,
Dalnacardoch, Dalanfhraoich, Tom'ic'ille Donach,
Dalantaruaine, Dalnamein, Drumachine, Drum-
chastail, and Pitcastle. He now assumed the
designation of Lochgarry.

Through the influence of the Duke of Atholl, he
obtained a commission as Lieutenant in June, 1745,
in the Highland Regiment raised under tlie com-
mand of Lord Loudon, but on the standard of the
House of Stuart being raised at Glenfinan, he
hastened to join Prince Charles, who appointed him
second in command of the Glengarry Regiment.
He played a distinguished part throughout the
campaign, and was wounded at Clifton. After the
death of Colonel Angus of Glengarry, he assumed
full command of the regiment, and left an interesting
account of the movements of the Highland Army,
preserved in the Glengarry Charter Chest. After
the Battle of Culloden, he remained in hiding for
some time, and finally escaped with the Prince to
France, whither his wife and family followed him.
He entered the French Army, and attained the
rank of Colonel. He was exempted by name from
the Act of Indemnity of 1747, and his estate was
forfeited. He was one of the most devoted and
trusted of the adherents of the Stuarts, and with
Lord Elibank, his brother, and Cameron of Fassifern,
was at the head of the last desj^erate and futile
effort made for their restoration.

Donald of Lochgarry married Isabel, daughter of
John Gordon of Glenbucket (familiae illustrissimae
ducum de Gordon), and had by her —



330 THE CLAN DONALD.

1. John, to whom the estate of Lochgarry was restored.

2. Alexander, who succeeded his brother.

3. A son

4. Sophia,

5. Anne.

Donald died at Paris, and was succeeded by his son,
III. John. He obtained a commission in 1747
in Ug'ilvy's Regiment of Grenadier Guards, and was
piomoted Captain in 1756. He afterwards entered
the British Army. When the 76th Regiment, or
Macdonald Highlanders, was raised in 1777, he was
appointed its Lieut. -Colonel Commandant, but
before he had taken up the command, he was taken
prisoner on his passage from America, where he had
been serving as Major with Fraser's Highlanders.

He died in London unmarried in October. 1790,
when he was succeeded by his brother,

YV. Alexander. He served in Ogilvy's Regi-
ment, and entering the service of Portugal in 1764,
he became Captain in 1780, Colonel in 1794, and
General in 1796, from which time he held office
in the Royal Palace. He was naturalised as a
Portuguese subject in 1808. He married, first,
Elizabeth Arch bold, who belonged to an Irish
family, and had by her —

1. Archibald John, who entered the Arm}^ in 1790 as an
Ensign, and was Lieut.-Colonel in the 113th Regi-
ment in 1798. He married Sarah, daughter of James
Reynolds, Birmingham, and had by her —

(a) Jean.

(b) Mary.

(c) Sarah, who married H. Rawlins, and had, among
Dthers, Rev. J. A. Rawlins, St Andrew's Vicarage,
Willesden, London. He died in 1798, before his
father, without male issue.

General Alexander Macdonald married, secondly,
Dona Maria Jose Jorge da Costa, daughter of the



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 331

Count of Soure, and liad by lier one son. Dyln^ in
1812, his widow came to Scotland with her son, who
succeeded to Lochuarry.

V. Antuony Maria. In 1 802, a royal (Portu-
guese) pension was conferred on his mother, which
was continued to himself after her death. He was
nominated a pa^'e of honour in the Koyal Palace,
owini;- to the noble rank of liis ancestors. On his
takuig possession of Lochgarry, he ejitered as an
Ensign in the 35tli Kegiment, and was present at
the battle of Waterloo, for which he received a
medal. He afterwards exchanged into the 10th
Koyal Hussars, in which he became a Captain. In
1828, he sold what remained of the estate of Loch-
garry, a portion having in 1788 been sold to the
Duke of Atholi for £4870, by Colonel John xMac-
donald.

He married, in 1820, Cassandra Eliza Macdonald,
daughter of Major Ross Darby, and had by her—

1. Alexander Anthony, liis successor.

2. Mary Anne, who died unmarried.

3. A daughter, who died unmarried.

He died at Kew in April, 1831, at the age of 33,
and was succeeded by his son,

VI. Alexander Anthony, who was born at
Perth, January 11, 1822. He entered the Indian
Army ui 1840, and was an Ensign in the 40th
Bengal Native Infantry in 1841. In 1842, he
received the Candahar medal. He was promoted
Captain in 1852, Major in 1859, Lieut. -Colonel in
1862, and Colonel in 18G7.

He married, in 1852, iVIargaret Jane, eldest
daughter of Lachlan Maclean of Kum, and Isabella,
daughter of Captain Mackenzie of Hartfield, and
had by her, who died in 1893—



332 THE CLAN DONALD.

1. Arthur Anthony.

2. Henry Edward, who was born in London in 1864, and

educated at the Mihtary Acadenw, Dresden, and the
Oxford Military College. He is now living at Nelson,
British Columbia. He married, in 1886, Ethel,
daughter of Colonel Taylor, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

3. So[)hi;i, Adelaide Hastings.

4. Elera Lindsay, who married, in 1882, David George

Ritchie, Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford, now Pro-
fessor of Logic in the University of St Andrews. She
died at Oxford in 1888, leaving one daughter, Flora
Aiiken.

Colonel Macdonalcl died at Mussourie, India, June
4, 1870, and was succeeded in the representation of
the family by his eldest son,

VII. Arthur Anthony, who was born in India
in 1854. He was educated at the Public School at
Gottingen, Germany, from 1870 to 1875. He then
became a student in the University of Gottingen,
where he remained for a year and a half He matri-
culated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, in 1876,
gaining a classical exhibition at that College, and
three scholarships in the University, for German,
Sanskrit, and Chinese. He graduated with classical
honours in 1880, and was appointed Taylorian
Teacher of German in the University. He was
appointed Deputy Professor of Sanskrit in 1888,
and in 181)9 Boden Professor of Sanskrit in suc-
cession to Sir M. Monier Williams. In 1883 he
became Ph. D. in the University of Leipsic. He
has edited various Sanskrit texts, has written a
Sanskrit grammar and dictionary, has published a
work on Vedic Mythology, and is about to issue a
history of Sanskrit literature. He has also contri-
buted nrany papers to Oriental philological journals.
He married, in 1890, Mary Louise, youngest daughter



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 333

of William Lowson of Balthayoch, Perthshire, and
has by her —

1. Alastair Sumeiled, who was boni in 1893.

2. Flora Lindsay, who was born in 1891.

3. Mona Isobel, who was born in 1895.



THE MACDONALDS OK GREENFIELD.

This family is descended from Angus, brother of
Donald II. of Lochgarry, and grandson of Ranald
IX. of Glengarry. Angus of Greenfield, who was
"out" in the '45, was a Major in the Glengarry
Regiment, and was wounded at Culloden.

He married, first, Margaret, daughter of Alex-
ander Grant of Sheuglie, and had a son, Alexander.
He married, secondly, Mary, daughter of Roderick
Mackenzie of Fairburn, M'ithout issue.

Angus of Greenfield was succeeded by his son,
II. Alexander, who went to Canada in 1792,
and commanded the 2 [id Battalion of Glengarry
Militia in the war of 1812-14.

He married Janet, daughter of Alexander Mac-
donald of Aberchalder, Captain 1st Battalion King's
Royal Regiment of New York, and had by her—''

1. Hugh, who died unmarried at the Scots College, Yalla-

dolid, Spain,

2. Angus, who was murdered in the conflicts between Lord

Selkirk's Company and the North West Company, of
which latter he was a partner. He died unmarried.

3. Duncan, who succeeded his fathei-.

4. John, who was born in 1785, and became M.P. for

Glengarry, and Attorney-General for Upper Canada.
He served as Colonel of Militia and Military Secre-
tary and A.D.C. to Major General Sir Isaac Brock
in the war of 1812, and was present at the capture of
Detroit, of which he negotiated the capitulation (gold
medal), and at the Battle of Queenstown, where he



334 THE CLAN DONALD.

was killed and buried with his general under the
monument on Queen stown Heights. The Prince
Regent, in expressing his regret at the loss which the
country must experience by the death of the Attorney-
General, declared that " his zealous co-operation with
Sir Isaac Brock would reflect lasting honour on his
memory." He died unmarried.

5. Donald (Greenfield. He commanded a company at the

capture of Ogdensburg in 1813, and was D.A.Q.M.G.
in that war. He was M.P. for Glengarry in several
Parliaments, Sheriflt' of Stovmont, Dundas, and Glen-
garry, Colonel of Militia, and Deputy Adjutant-
General from 1853 to 1862.

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Ranald Mac-
donald, Lieutenant, King's Royal Regiment, New
York, and had by her —

(a) Alexander, barrister-at-law, of Morisburgh, who

married a daughter of J. Doran, and died in
1890, leaving four sons and a daughter.

(b) Aeneas, M.D., of Almonte and Cornwall, and after-

wards of Ottawa, who died unmarried in 1891.

(c) Reginald, Captain in the Royal Canadian Rifles, who

died unmarried in 1851,

(d) John, barrister-at-law, of Cornwall, who married Isa-

bella, daughter of Colonel Alexar^der Maclean, of
Cornwall, and died in 1868, leaving two sons
and three daughters.
(b) Robinson, barrister-at-law, deputy-clerk of the Crown
at Cornwall, who died unmarried in 1862.

(f) Janet, who died unmarried.

(g) Catherine Anne.

6. Alexander Greenfield, M.P. for Glengarry, and afterwards

for Prescott and Russell, Sheriff of the Ottawa Dis-
trict, and formerly a partner in the North-West Com-
pany under Lord Selkirk. He died without issue in
1841.

7. Mary, who married John Gumming, M.P. for Kingston,

without issue.

8. Anne, who married Miles Macdonald, Lieutenant, King's

R.R., of New York ; Captain, R.C.V. Regiment, and
Governor of Assiniboia. He died before 1812, leaving



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 335

a daughter, who married Alexander Macdonald of
Ardnabie.
9. Marjory, who married Colonel Alexander M'Millan, of De
Lancier's Brigade, in the Revolutionary War, and aftei'-
wards Captain, R.C.V. Regiment.
10. Margaret.

Alexander Macdonald II. of Greenfield died in 1819,
and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,

III. Duncan. He commanded a company at
the taking of Ogdensburg by Colonel George Mac-
donald in 1813, and was afterwards, in succession to
his father, Lieut. -Colonel Commanding 2nd Battalion
Glengarry Militia, from which he retired in 1887,
receiving the thanks of the Governor-General " for

his long and valuable services dating from the last

J?
war.

He married "Harriet, daughter of Colonel Archi-
bald Macdonald, Leek, and had by her an onl}' son,
Archibald John. Duncan was succeeded by his
son,

IV. Archibald John, who was born in 1822.
He succeeded his father and grandfather as Lieut. -
Colonel Commanding the 2nd Battalion Glengarry
Militia in 1857, and continued in command till 1864.
He was a barrister-at-law. Recorder at Kingston,
and a Bencher of the Law Society. He was for
many years a partner in his profession with Sir John
A. Macdonald, Premier of Canada.

He married Mary, daughter of Robert Long
Lines, Lieutenant H.M. 37th Regiment, and had by
her —

1. John Alexander, his successor.

2. Georgina Hamilton.

3. Mary Elizabeth.

He died 27th March, 1864, and was succeeded by
his son,



336 THE CLAN DONALD.

V. John Alexander, who was born 26th June,
1851. He became barrister-at-law in 1875, and
was made Queen's Counsel in 1890. He is a
Captain in the 59th Battalion Stormont and Glen-
garry Militia.

He married Isabel, daughter of the Hon, John
Willoughby Crawford, Lieutenant Governor of
Ontario.

THE MA( ^DONALDS OF BARISDALE.

The Macdonalds of Barisdale are descended from
Ranald IX. of Glengarry, whose youngest son,
Archibald, was the first of the family to occupy
Barisdale. Archibald was born in 1670, and educated
at the Scots College, Rome. He was reckoned an
excellent scholar, able " to argue in Greek with
learned divijies.' He was ''out" with Dundee at
Killiecrankie,and fought afterwards under the banner
of Glengarry at Sherifimuir. At the time of the '45
he was too old to take the held, but liis sympathies
were entirely with the Prince, to whom he paid
court at Glenfinnan, in August, 1745. On the 12th
of May, 1746, his house at Barisdale was burnt by
Butcher Cumberland's orders, and he himself was
carried prisoner on board a ship of war, but as there
was no evidence against him he was released. It
was reported by one of the Hanoverian officers that
" 700 stand aims, 30 cask powder, and 2000 lbs.
shot were taken " at Barisdale.

There is a sasine in favour of Archibald of the
lands of Rhidoroch, in Knoydart, in 1696. Shortly
thereafter he received a charter of Barisdale, and
others, from his father. Glengarry. In 1740 he
acquired the lands of Mallaig.



I



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 337

He married Katherine, daughter of Lieut. -Colonel
Allan Macdonald of Kytrie, and widow of Ilu^^di
Macdonald of Glenmore, by whom he had —

1. Coll.

2. Mary, who married Juliu Macdonald of Duuhaiuis, with

issue.

3. Marj:;aret.

He had also a natural son, Ifauald, known ab Jidounll
Mor a Chriiluinn, described as a powerfully l>uilt man of
fierce aspect, wiio in his youth led a wild, adventurous life.
It has been repeatedly said that he was "out" in the '45.
but he himself in his judicial declaration at Edinburgh
Castle admits that he was not concerned in the rebellion.
In 1747 he went with Captain Forbes to the Kast Indiea,
and served with him in the Expedition under Admiral
Boscawen. He afterwards went to France, and served iu
Drummond's Regiment.

He lived for some time at Barisdale, and latterly had a
lease of Scammadale and Crowlin. He had a large family
of sons and daughters. Two of his sons served in the
Glengarry Fencibles. His son, Captain James, was latterly
joint-tenant with his father at Scammadale. In his obituary
notice, Ranald is described as Ensign on the retired list of
Captain Rose's Indejjendent Company of Veterans. He
died November 29, 1813, in the 91st year of his age.

Archibald Macdonald died at Barrisdale in
March, 1752, and was buried at Kilchoan, in Knoy-
dart. Thouo;h his son. Coil, predeceased him, he
had succeeded him in some of his lands and as head
of the family sev^eral years before his death.

II. Coll. He was born in 1G98, and educated
in Rome. Being in high favour with his cousin,
John of Glengarry, he acquired from him wadsets of
a considerable part of Knoydart, facing Lochnevis.
In 1725, he obtained a wadset of Lee, Munial, and
others, in the Lochourn district, a wadset of Piaster
and Wester Kytrie in 1727, and in 1731 a wadset
of Easter and Wester Culachie. He paid 19,000

22



338 THE CLAN DONALD.

merks for these wadsets, a large sum at that time.
In 1732, he obtained a wadset of Gleuguseran, and
others, which Glengarry redeemed in 1734. He
had besides a wadset over Clash more, and others,
hi Assynt, Sutherlandshire. About this time he
was made Captain of the Watch and Guardian of
the Marches on the west side of Inverness-shire, a
position to which he was appointed by the neigh-
bouring proprietors Avho had combined to protect
themselves from the cattle-raiding which was so
common at the time. Barisclale, who was a man of
commanding personality and talent, was able to
render effective service for several years, and did
more than any other to put an end to the demoral-
ising custom of cattle-lifting.

Barisdale joined the Prince at the outset of
the rising of the '45, at the head of the
Knoydart men, " who made a very handsome
appearance." He was present at the battle of
Prestonpans, and at the capture of Edinburgh.
In the pursuit after Prestonpans he took three
troops prisoners, for which he was made a
Knight Banneret. From Edinburgh he was sent on
a special mission to the Highlands to stir up, among
others. Lord Lovat, w^ho could not make up his
mind to declare openly for the Prince. From Beau-
fort he went to Glen-Urquhart, to prevent the Grants
joining the Hanoverians. He afterwards proceeded
westwards to recruit in Assynt and Lochbroom.
Barisdale, thus actively engaged in the North, did
not take part in the Expedition to England. On
the Prince's return he joined him tlie day before the
battle of Falkirk with " 300 clever fellows from the
North," with whom he took an active part in the
battle. When the Prince's army retired to the



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 339

North, Barisdale's services were a^ain called into re-
quisition, and he was sent to Ross and Sutherland
to oppose the Hanoverian forces in these counties.
The Battle of Culloden was, as is well known,
hurriedly resolved upon, aiid Barisdale had only got
as far as Ding-wall at the time of the action. On
arriving at Inverness on his way to join the Prince,
the news of the defeat reached him. He at once
proceeded westwards, and found his way to Knoy-
dart. On the 8th of May he attended the meeting
held at Muirlagan hy a few leading Jacobites to con-
sider whether they were to continue in arms. The
meeting was adjourned for a week, and tlien Baris-
dale appeared, accompanied by 120 men, well armed,
it was finally decided that the contest must be held
as concluded, and Barisdale made oflFto escape arrest.
From May 26th to June 10th nothing is known of
his whereabouts. On the latter day he and his
son were both captured by Ensign Small, and
brought prisoners to Fort- Augustus. On condition
of his giving information leading to the apprehension
of the Prince, Barisdale received a protection for ten
days, which was not renewed. His movements after-
wards are not known till, at the instigation of Sir
Alexander Macdonald, he went on board the French
ship which was to carry the Prince to France, and
was made prisoner. He was imprisoned first at St
Malo, and afterwards at Samneur for two years and
four months. On his being liberated in February,
1749, he returned to Scotland, but he was again
arrested in March of the same year by his foimer
captdr. Lieutenant Small, and carried prisoner to
Edinburgh Castle, where he was kept in close con-
finement without trial fom April 12th, 1749, to
June 1st, 1750, when he ditd.



340 THE CLAN DONALD.

It will now be necessary to refer for a brief space
to the charge of treachery to the Prince and his
cause brought against Barisdale by recent writers of
Scottish history of the period of the '45. One indi-
vidual, particularly, a Mr Andrew Lang, has contri-
buted more than any other to the literature of that
period. It w^ould be unkind to take him seriously.
His manner of attacking the " rebels " and High-
landers generally is characteristic. He quotes an
isolated case on the evidence of lying Hanoverian
officials, and exclaims triumphantly : " Such was life
in the Highlands in the golden days of the clans."
We prefer the golden days thus sneered at, wnth all
their drawbacks, to the days of the modern literary
scribbler who tries to extract coppers out of the dust
heap of the past by blackening the memory of the
dead.

Up to the time of his arrest, Barisdale had shown
himself a strenuous and loyal supporter of the Prince,
even after others, whose loyalty is above suspicion,
had given up the cause as hopeless. It is not in the
least surprising that, after his capture, he should
aifect to make disclosures when he found himself in
the hands of an unscrupulous enemy, and death
staring him in the face. To save his life and gain
his liberty he made fair promises, and the Hano-
verian authorities were foolish enough to believe
him, but it is certain that he never made any effort
to betray the Prince. Both Butcher Cumberland
and Albemarle confessed that the information
given by Barisdale was false, and that they had
been fooled by him. Albemarle threatened to
punish him by driving away his cattle and devasta-
ting his lands, and the threat was actually carried
out by a Captain Grant in August.



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 341

The conclusion that any fair-minded person will
draw from the evidence we possess of Barisdale's
doings is that he was not a traitor to the Jacobite
cause. He had the misfortune to be captured, and
finding himself " in a tight place," he gave informa-
tion regarding the Prince which was afterwards
regarded as worthless and deceptive. It was re-
ported to the Prince and his friends that he had
turned informer. The nature of the information
which he had given -was misrepresented by personal
enemies, and thus false suspicions led to his being
kept a prisoner by his own side. Barisdale was the
victim of circumstances. He suffered at the hands
of the Hanoverian Government for his devotion to
the Jacobite cause. He also had tlie misfortune to
be suspected of and punished for treachery to his
own side, when the sole object of his action was to
save himself and not in any way to injure the
Prince. He on the contrary rendered the Prince
the best service in his power by putting his pursuers
on the wrong scent. The minor charges against
Barisdale are not worthy of consideration, and are
as false as that of attem-pting to betray the Prmce.

Coll married, in 1724, Catherine, daughter of
George Mackenzie of Balmuchie, and had by her —

1. Archibald, his successor.

2. Alexander, who was " out " in the '45, and was prisoner

with "Spanish John " at Fort -William in 1746. He
is mentioned in a letter by Allan Macdonald of Knock
as one of the Barisdale party who gave him a beating
in 1753. He was afterwards a Captain in Friiser's
Highlanders, was with General Wolfe at the taking of
Quebec, and killed there, in the spring of 1760, in the
battle fought by General Murray.

Coll married, secondly, in 1736, Mary, daughter of
Roderick Mackenzie of Fairburn, and had bv her —



342 THE CLAN DONALt).

3. Coll, who was served heir of provision to his father, 17th
January, 1757, and died at Barisdale in 1770.

Coll died at Edinburgh Castle, June 1st, 1750, and
was buried at Grey friars. He was succeeded by his
eldest son,

III. Archibald. Though not quite twenty years
of age when the Prince landed, he joined his standard
with his father, and held the rank of Major in the
Glengarry Kegiment. He took part in all the actions
of the campaign. After Culloden he found his way
to Knoydart, where he met his father, with whom
he was arrested by Ensign Small, as already referred
to. Why his name was included in the list of
attainted persons, and his father's name omitted,
was, no doubt, owing to a confusion between their
names, Coll being in reality younger of Barisdale,
his father being then alive. And it must be borne
in mind, in connection with the charge of treachery
made against Coll, that his name was omitted from
the bill of attainder before, not after, his capture.



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