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Archibald was carried prisoner, with his father, on
board the same vessel to France, and shared the
same prison with him. He, however, made his
escape, after a year's imprisonment, and returned to
the Highlands. He was apprehended at the same
time as his father, in 1749, and carried ^Ji'isoner to
Edinburgh Castle, but was immediately dismissed ;
no doubt on account of his youth when he engaged
in the Kising of the '45. He then returned home,
and lived peaceably at Inverie till 1753, when he
was again apprehended, on the 18th July, on the
old charge of treason, and carried prisoner to Edin-
burgh. No new charge was preferred against him,
and no good reason can be adduced for the vindictive-
ness of the authorities in so severely j^unishing this



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 343

unfortunate man. He was sentenced to death on
the 22nd of March, 1754, without a semblance of
justice. He was reprieved on the 10th of May, but
still detained in prison for years, until he was finally
discharged in 1762. From this time he lived at
Barisdale, and was, according to the verdict of his
contemporaries, a man " eminently distinguished for
his strict hononr and steady friendship, one of the
handsomest men of the age."

By way of compensation for his unjust sufferings,
Archibald was offered a commission in the 105th
Regiment, in which he served for a short period.
Barisdale married, in 1746, Flora, daughter of Nor-
man Macleod of Drynoch, and had by her —

1. Coll, his successor.

2. Forbes Alexandra Arcliibalda, who was born in 1754.

3. Bruce Cotton Lyon, who was born in 1757.

4. Catherine, who was born in 1760, and married John

Robertson, merchant, Glasgow, and had issue —
General Robertson and a daughter.

5. Flora, who married Donald Macleod of Ratigan.

Archibald died at Barisdale, September 19th, 1787,
and was buried at Kilchoan. His widow, Flora
Macleod, died in 1815. He was succeeded by his
son,

IV. Coll. He lived at Barisdale all his life, and
for many years held a commission for regulating the
fisheries from the Point of Ardnamurchan to Gair-
loch. He served for some time as an officer of the
reserved forces. He is described by Knox, the
traveller, as "a gentleman of great bodily strength,
who is both loved and feared."

He married Helen, fourth daughter of William
Dawson of Graden, Roxburghshire, and had by her,
who died in 1805 —



344 THE CLAN DONALD.

1. Archibald, his successor.

2. William, Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 1st Battalion

10th Native Infantry. He died while serving with his
Battalion at Dhapoola, near Severndroog, in the East
Indies, December 9th, 1819. " His bx'other-officers of
the Regiment, in token of their very gi-eat esteem and
sincere regard for him, built a splendid monument to
his memory, on the spot where he lies interred."

3. Christian, who married, 29th Januaiy, 1818, Major-

General Sir Alexander Oameron, K.C.B., of Inver-
ailort, and had by her —

(a) Duncan, who succeeded his uncle in the representation

of the family of Barisdale.

(b) Colin William, who died in 1840.

(c) Arthur Wellington, C >lonel, 92nd Highlanders.

(d) Helen, who died in 1839.

(e) Jane.

Coll died in 1826, and was buried at Kilchoan. He
was succeeded by his son,

V. Archibald. He was tenant of Glenmeddle,
in Knoydart, in his father's lifetime. He afterwards
lived at Barisdale, and died there, unmarried, in
1862. He was succeeded in the reijresentation of
the family by his nephew,

VI. Duncan Cameron of Inverailort. He mar-
ried, first, in 1847, Louisa Campbell, daughter of
Georoe Mackay of Bighouse, and had by her —

1. Louisa Campbell Christian, who died young.

He married, secondly,. Alexa Marion Macleod, second
daughter of Thomas Gillespie, Ardochy, and had by
her —

2. Christian Helen Jane, who succeeded him.

3. Frances Alexandra.

He died 26th June, 1874, and was succeeded by his
daughter,

VII. Christian Helen Jane, who married, 8th
September, 1888, James Head, son of Sir James
Head, Bart., and has issue —



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALt). U5

1. Frances Somerville Cameron.

2. Christian Mary Cameron.



THE MACDONALDS OF AilDNABIE.

The progenitor of this family was John Mor, son
of Donald VII. of Glengarry. The first notice we
have of him is in 1592, when his flxther granted him
a charter of the lands of Kylisstrugsay, and others,
in Morar. He afterwards had a wadset of the lands
of Invergarry and Letterfearn. In 1653 he received
a wadset of the lands of Ardnabie, Stroncroick.
and Ardochy. He fought under the banner of his
nephew, Angus of Glengarry, in the Montrose cam-
paign, where he receives special mention.

John Mor married a daughter of Grant of Glen-
moriston, and had by her

1. Angus, his successor.

2. Alexander.

3. Donald.

4. Ranald of Achtcra, who had a son, Aeneas H. of Achtera,

who had a son, Alexander III. of Achtera, " out " in
the '45.

John died in 1654, and was succeeded by his son,

11. Angcts. He married Janet Grant, and had
by her —

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. Donald.

He was succeeded by his son,

HI. Alexander. He was well known as a com-
poser of Gaelic verse of considerable merit, some of
which has been published. He was "out" with
Dundee in 1689. In 1694 he had a renewal of his
wadset of Ardnabie, and others, from Glengarry.
He married Mary Macdonald, and had by her—

1. John, his successor.

2. Archibald, who had a sou, Donald.



346 THE CLAN DONALD.

Alexander died in 1695, and was succeeded by his
son,

IV. John. He signed the Address to George I.
in 1714, and was "out" in 1715. He married Mary,
daughter of Ranald Macdonald of Glengarry, and
had by her —

1. Donald, his successor.

2. John, who succeeded his brother.

3. Ranald, who was " out " in the '45.

4. Alexander.

5. Mary, who married William Fraser of Guisachan, with issue.

She inherited the poetical gift from her grandfather, and
made a large collection of ancient Gaelic poetry, on
account of which her name was prominently brought
forward in connection with the Ossianic controversy.
Her MS. collections of Gaelic poetry and music were
taken by her son, Captain Simon Fraser, to America
in 1773, where they were afterwards destroyed. She
was reckoned a lady of great beauty and many
accomplishments.

John Macdonald of Ardnabie, who was living in

1730, was succeeded by his son,

V. Donald. In 1730, while his father was still
living, he received a wadset of Ardnabie and Stron-
chroick from Glengarry. He married Christian
Macdonald, without issue. He died before 1745,
and was succeeded by his brother,

VI. John. He was "out" in the '45, and was a
Captain in the Glengarry Regiment. Like his gifted
sister, he composed several Gaelic poems, one of
which, in praise of his contemporary, Alexander
Macdonald, the Bard, is published in Ranald Mac-
donald's Collection. John married, and had, among
others, a son,

VII. Alexander of Ardnabie, who married Anne,
daughter of Captain Miles Macdonald. He was
living in Canada in 1814, and is described as having



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 347

" a fine numerous family, and in easy circum-
stances."

THE MACDONALDS OF LP:EK.

The first of this family was John Og, son of
Donald VII. of Glengarry. In 1661, he received
from Lord Macdonald a tack of the lands of Leek.
In 1679, he is referred to as one of several Catholics
in Abertarff hunted down by the Episcopal Church,
which was then established in Scotland. He was
succeeded by his son,

II. Ranald, who received a tack of the lands of
Leek from Glengarry in 1690. He married a
daughter of Grant of Glenmoriston, and had by
her —

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. John.

Ranald was succeeded by his son,

III. Alexander. He signed the Address to
George I. in 1714. He had four sons —

1. Angus, his successor.

2. Ranald.

3. John,

4. Donald, described as a student in 1712.

Alexander was succeeded by his son,

IV. Angus. He married Mary Macdonald, and
had by her—

1. John, his successor.

2. Allan. He was " out " in the '45. He afterwards

emigrated to the American Colonies, and was a
Captain in the King's Koyal Regiment of New York.

3. Ranald. He was "out" in the '45. He afterwards

emigrated with his bi'others, and was a Lieutenant in
the same regiment.

4. Archibald. He emigrated with his brothers, and was a

Captain in the same regiment. His daughter, Mary,
married Donald Macdonald of Crowlin.



348 THE CLAN DONALD.

5. Alexander. He was " out " in the '45. He married

Anne Macdonald, with issiie.

6. Donald, afterwards of Leek.

7. Roderick. He was educated at the Scots College,

Valadolid, for the Church, and was for some time
Priest of Glengarry. He afterwards followed the
Glengarry emigrants to Canada, and was stationed at
St Regis, where he died.

Angus Macdonald of Leek died before 1750, and
was succeeded by his son,

V. John. He was " out " in the '45. and was
wounded at Culloden. He afterwards found his
way to France, and, according to a family manu-
script, served for some time in the Scotch Guard.
He returned home shortly after the Act of
Indemnity was passed, and entered the British
Army as an officer in Fraser's Highlanders. He
went with the regiment to Canada, and fought
under General Wolfe at the taking of Quebec in
1759, where he had the good fortune to take an
aide-de-camp of Montcalm's prisoner, with important
despatches. He afterwards served during the
American War and commanded a Veteran Corps in
Newfoundland.

He married Helen Leslie of Fetternear, Aberdeen-
shire, and had by her — •

1. Wolfe Alexander, who entered the Army and became

Colonel of the 25th Regiment. He died unmarried.

2. George, who succeeded his father.

3. James, a Captain in the 13th Light Infantry, who died

unmarried.

4. Charles, an officer in tlie Army, who died unmarried in

India.

5. Edward, an officer in the Army, who died unmarried in

India.

6. Ernest, an officer in the 25th Regiment, who died

unmarried.



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 349

7. Isabella, who married in 1784, the Hon. Neil Maclean,

of the Macleans of Heisker, North Uist, Lt. -Colonel
of the Stormont Militia, Canada, with issue.

8. Elizabeth, who married Arthur, son of Lord Clifford.

9. A daughter, wLo married Robert Gillies.

10. Jacobina, who in 1819 married Sir Joseph Kadclifte,

Eudding Park, Yorkshire, with issue. She died in
1868.

11. Helen, who married Thomas Nassau.

12. Alfrina, who died unmarried.

John Macdonald of Leek died, a Captain of Invalids,
at Berwick in 1813, when he was succeeded by his
third son,

VI. George. He was born at St John's, New-
foundland, August 12, 1780. He entered the Army
in 1796, and obtained his first commission in the
regiment raised by Lord Darlington. He after-
wards served with the Duke of York in Holland.
He served for some time with the 8th Lifantry, and
went out to India witn the 50th Eegiment. It was
in Canada that his principal services were rendered.
When the Americans invaded Canada in 1812, he
was commissioned to raise the Glengarry Light
Infantry Regiment. He commanded the expedition
by which Ogdensburg was captured on February
23rd, 1513, for which he received the thanks of the
House of Assembly. He was at Chateauguay,
which he reached with his regiment by a skilful and
rapid march through forests, just in time to render
aid which was of the utmost importance in securing
that brilliant victory. For this action he received a
gold medal. He received the Companionship of the
Bath in 1817, and was afterwards Lt.-Colonel 79th
Highlanders.

Colonel Macdonald married in 1820 the Hon.
Laura Arundell, daughter of Lord Arundell of
Wardour, and had by her, John Ignatius.



350 THE CLAN DONALD.

Colonel Macdonald died at Wardour Castle, 16th
May, 1870, and was succeeded by his son,

VIL John Ignatius, Colonel Commanding 71st
Highlanders, at the time of his father's death. He
is now a Major-General in the Army.

THE MACDONALDS OF ABERCHALDER.

The families of Aberch alder and Culachie are
both descended from AlastaIr Mor, son of Donald
VIII. of Glengarry. His descendants for at least a
hundred years held the lands of Easter and Wester
Aberchalder, Easter and Wester Culachie, as well
as Pitmean, in common, and formed one family, the
heads of which, as well as the younger members, are
designated now of one and now of another of these
holdings. The younger sons are sometimes described
as portioners in the lifetime of their fathers. It was
not until some time after the '45 that representatives
of the family began to be designated separately and
definitely as of Aberchalder and Culachie. Hitherto
they had been known as Claim Alastair Mlioir.

The senior line being descended from Donald,
the eldest son of Alastair Mor, and known as of
Aberchalder, we shall take first. Alastair Mor had
a wadset of Culachie. and others, from Glengarry in
1641. In 1669, there is a discharge to Alexander
by his nephew, Sir Norman Macleod of Bernera.
He died shortly thereafter, and left five sons —

1 . Donald.

2. Ranald, from \\hom the family latterly known as of

Culachie.

3. Alexander of Muckerach, who, besides a daughter Mary,

had a son Angus II. df Muckerach, and he had a son
Alexander, who lived at Croichul, III. of Muckerach.

4. Angus, who married Isabel Macintosh, with issue,



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 351

5. Allan of Kytrle, who married Mary Chisholni, and liad a
son, Alexander II of Kytrie, who had a son, Allan
III. of Kytrie, who had a son, Alexander IV. of
Kytrie, removed in 1751 at the instance of Alastair
Kuadh of Glengarry.

Alastair Mor was succeeded by his son,

II. Donald. In 1662, he received a charter of
the lands of Wester Aberchalder from Hugh Fraser
of Foyers, whose daughter Mary he had previously
married. By her he had —

1. John, his successor.

2. Angus.

3. Alexander.

Donald died in 1711, and was succeeded by his son,

III. John. He was one of those who signed the
Address to George I. in 1714. He married Mary,
daughter of Ranald Macdonald of Culachie, and had
by her, among others —

1. Alexander, his successor.

2. Angus.

John died in 1733, and was succeeded by his son,

IV. Alexander. He left the Glengarry Estate,
it is said, on account of a quarrel with the Chief
over the kilHng of deer, and emigrated to tlie
American Colonies sometime before the breaking
out of the War of Independence, settling in Char-
lottenburg, on the Rivei- St Lawrence. Though an
old man, he accepted service as a loyalist at the
outset of the American War, and became a Captain
in the King's Royal Regiment of New York. He
is described as "a worthy, respectable, and much-
esteemed man, not only as true a Highlander as
ever wore a kilt, but as shrewd a man of business,
and one who was supposed to understand the
interests of Highlanders after the '45 better than
most men,"



352 THE CLAN DONALD.

He married Mary, daughter of Alexander Mac-
donald of Killichonat, widow of Donald Macdonald
of Tirnadrish, executed at Carlisle in 1746. By her
he had —

1. John, who succeeded him.

2. Hugh. He began his career as Ensign in the King's

Eoyal Regiment of New York, and was afterwards
Captain in the Royal Canadian Vohinteer Regiment.
In 1803 he was Lieut.-Colouel of the Glengarry
Militia Reghnent, and was appointed Adjutant-
General of Militia in Upper Canada. He had sat
as one of the members for Glengarry in the first
Legislature of the P)-ovince. In 1805 he was
appointed Assistant Commissary-General at Gib-
raltar, and in 1811 he was sent as Consul-General
to Algiers, on the recommendation of the Duke of
Kent, whose great friend he was, where he remained
till 1820, He shortly after retired on a pension. He
married, first, Anne Hughes, by whom he had three
daughters. He married, secondly, a daughter of
Admiral Ulrich, Danish Consul-General at Algiers,
and had — •

(a) Alexander, who afterwards succeeded his cousin

Alexander VI. of Aberchalder in the represen-
tation of the family.

(b) Hugh Guion, who succeeded his brother.

(c) A daughter, who married M. Holstein, Danish Consul-

General at Algiers.

(d) a daughter, who married General Sir Robert Wyn.

yard, some time Military Governor of the Cape
of Good Hope.

(e) a danyhter, who married General Sir George Browui,

who commanded the Light Division in the

Crimea,
(p) A daughter, who married Captain Buck, R.N.
(g) a daughter, who married Viscount Aquado.
(h) a daughter, who married Captain Cumberland, of

the 42nd Regiment,
(i) A daughter, who married Don Augusto Conte,

Spanish Ambassador at Vienna,
(j) A daughter, who became a nun,



THF GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 358

3. Chichester, a Lieutenant in Butler's Rangers, and after-

wards a Colonel in the British Army. He served in
the 82nd and 34th Regiments, and fought at Corunna
under Sir John Moore. After his death, a medal
having been struck for Corunna, a gold medal was
sent to his family by order of the Prince Regent, to
be deposited with them as a token of the respect His
Royal Highness entertained for his memory. He after-
wards received an appointment in India, and died
there unmarried in 1813.

4. A daughter, who married Major Ross, with issue.

5. A daughter, who married General Wilkinson.

6. Janet, who married Colonel Alexander Macdonald of

Greenfield.

Alexander Macdonald IV. of Aberchalder died in
1787, and was succeeded by his son,

V. John, a Captain in Butler's Rangers, He and
his brothers rendered conspicuous services on the
loyalist side. He was elected a member of the
Legislative Assembly for Glengarry in 1792, and
was afterwards Speaker of the first House of
Assembly of Upper Canada. He was Lieut. -
Colonel-Commanding 2nd Battalion Royal Canadian
Volunteer Regiment raised in 1796, and disbanded
ill 1802 at the Peace of Amiens. He married
Helen, daughter of Henry Yates, Governor of New
York, and had by her an only son. who succeeded
him,

VL Alexander. He was a Major in the Lan-
caster Regiment of Glengarry, and served in the
1837 rebellion. He married Helen, daughter of
Captain Richard Wilkinson, of the Glengarry
Fencibles, and had by hei —

1. John, who died ^ouug.

2. Eleanor, who died young.

3. Helen, who died young.

4. Anna Maria, who died unmarried, Aug. 7, 1877.
0. Anne.

23



354 THE CLAN DONALD.

Alexander died in 1850, and was succeeded in the
representation of the family by his cousin, the eldest
son of his uncle, Hugh,

VII. Sir Alexander Macdonald, K.C.B. He
entered the Army in 1837 as Second Lieutenant.
He was promoted Lieutenant, May 11, 1841 ;
Captain, 24th October, 1845 ; Brevet-Major, 12th
December, 1854 ; Major, 22nd December, 1854 ;
Brevet-Lt. -Colonel, 17th July, 1855 ; Lt. -Colonel,
June 1, 1857 ; Colonel, 20th July, 1858 ; Major-
General, 6th March, 1868 ; Lieut. -General, October
1, 1877 ; General, April 1, 1882 ; Colonel-Com-
mandant Bifle Brigade, 24th January, 1886.

He served with the Bifle Bria;ade in the Kaffir
War of 1846-7, for which he received a medal. He
also served throughout the Eastern Campaign of
1854 as Aide-de-Camp to Sir George Brown, and
was present at the capture of Balaclava and at the
Battles of Alma and Inkerman. He commanded
the 2nd Battalion from May, 1855, to the Fall of
Sebastopol, including the defence of the Quarries
and assaults on the Redan. He received medals
with three clasps, brevets of Major and Lt. -Colonel,
C.B., Knight of the Legion of Honour, Sardinian
and Turkish medals, and 5th Class of the Medjidie.
He commanded the 3rd Battalion during the Lidian
Mutiny, including the Skirmish of Secundra, Siege
and Capture of Lucknow and subsequent operations,
for which he received medal with clasp. He also
served in the campaign of the North- West Frontier
of India in 1864, for which he received medal.

He commanded the expedition against the Moli-
niund tribes in 1863-4, for which he received medal.
He was made K.C.B. in 1881. He married, in
1867, Emily Rutson, daughter of Henry Rose



I



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 355

Alport, without issue. Sir Alexander died April
30th, 1891, and was succeeded in the representation
of the family by his brother,

VIII. The Eight Hon. Sir Hugh Guion Mac-
DONALD, G.C.M.G. Sir Hugh, who was born
in 1832, was educated at the Royal Mihtary
College, Sandhurst, and joined the Army as
Second Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade, 22nd December,
1848. Tn 1853 he retired from ill-health, entered
the Diplomatic Service, and was an Attache
at Washington and Constantinople. In 1865 he
was appointed to Rio Janeiro as Second Secretary.
He did not, however, proceed thither, but took up a
snnilar position at Copenhagen in the following year.
He served successively at Buenos Ayres, Madrid,
and Berlin, where, on many occasions, he acted as
Charge d' Affaires. He was transferred to Rome in
1878, and was promoted to be Charge d' Aflaires at
Munich in 1882. In 1885 he went as Envoy Extra-
ordinary and Minister Plenipoteniary to Brazil. In
1888 he proceeded in a similar rank to the Court of
Denmark. In 1892 he was made K.C.M.G., and in
the following year he was transferred to Lisbon. In
1899 he was made a G.C.M.G. He retired on a
pension in 1902, when he was sworn of the Privy
Council.

■ Sir Hugh married, in July, 1870, Anne, daughter
of Edward Lamb of Wallington Lodge, Surrey. He
died in London, January 25th, 1904.



I



THE MACDONALDS OF CULACHIE.

The progenitor of this family was Alastair Mor,
son of Donald VII. of Glengarry, already referred to
as the ancestoi- of the Macdonalds of Aberchalder.



356 THE CLAN DONALD.

Alastair's second son was Ranald of Culacbie, also
often referred to as of Pitmean. He married twice.
By his first wife, Marion MacPhee, he had —

1. Alexander of Kytrie, described also as portioiier of

Culachie in his father's lifetime.

2. James, who was served heir to Pitmean, and described as

portioner of Culachie. He married, in 1718, Marv,
daughter of John Macdonald of Sandaig, and had by
her —

(a) Allan.

(b) Ranald.

(c) Alexander.

(d) John.

3. Angus of Easter Aberchalder.

4. Ranald, who married Mary, daughter of Donald Mac-

donald of Wester Aberchalder.

Ranald Macdonald of Culachie died in 1724, and
was succeeded by his son,

III. Alexander. He had three sons —

1. Allan.

2. Ranald.

3. Angus.

Alexander was succeeded by his son,

IV. Allan. He was " out " in the '45, escaped
to France, and obtained a commission in the French
Army, in which he served for ten years, having
attained the rank of Captain. He afterwards
returned to Scotland, and, in 1773, emigrated, on
the advice of Sir William Johnson, to the American
Colonies. He settled in Tryon County, since called
Sohoharie, in the Mohawk Valley, in the British
Province of New York. He distinguished himself
on many occasions as a loyalist during the war in
America, and suffered many hardships. He was
taken prisoner at Johnstown, in January, 1776, and
detained at Lancaster for a considerable time, He



. c

I



THE GENEALOGY OE CLAN DONALD. 357

,was a Captain in the 84th Royal Highland Emigrant
Regiment.

Captain Allan Macdonald married Helen, daughter
of Macnab, and had by her —

1. Angus, his successor.

2. Alexander, who succeeded his brother.

3. James, who was a Captain in the 4:ird Reyiiment. He

died in the West Indies irom hardships suffered
during a campaign with the French. He was
unmarried.

4. Henrietta, who married in 1783 Dr Donald Maclean,

Surgeon in the Army, with issue.

5. Catherine, who, in 1798, married Captain Miles Mac-

donald of the Scutus family, and died shortly thereafter.

Captain Allan Macdonald of Culachie died at
Quebec in 1792, and was buried at the Church
of St Foy. He was succeeded by his son,

V. Angus, a Barrisher-at-law. He was First
Clerk of Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada in
1792, and M.L.A. for Durham, Simcoe, and the
East Riding of York. He was Treasurer of the

aw Society from 1801 to 1804. He was drowned
on the schooner " Speedy " on Lake Ontario, 7th
October, 1804, unmarried.

Angus was succeeded by his brother,

VI. The Hon. Alexander. He was born at
Culachie in 1762. He served as an officer in
Butler's Rangers in the American War, was M.L.A.
for Glengarry in several Parliaments and Speaker in

1804, and Sheriff of the Home District from 1792 to

1805. He was Ao-ent for the Earl of Selkirk in the
Western District from 1805 to 1812, and Colonel of
Militia and Deputy Paymaster General. He was
Assistant Secretary Indian Department in 1816, and
subsequently Member of the Legislative Council.



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