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with issue —

1. Duncan, his heii', born February 9th, 1868, Captain in

the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. He married,
on 1st October, 1898, Elizabeth Mabws, daughter of
Colonel George Fletcher Ottley Boiighley, C.S.I., late
R.E., and has issue — Duncan, born 6th November,
1899.

2. Alister Ronald, born •22nd April, 1880.

3. Annie, married, 24th October, 1888, Hon. Gilbert James

Duke Coleridge, 3rd son of Lord Coleridge.

4. Caroline Effie.

5. Helen Margaret.



THE MARTINS OF BEALLACH AND DUNTULM.

The Martins of Skye, whose principal residence
was at Beallach, though not evidently of the blood
of the Clan Donald, have always been identified and
affiliated with the clan. The Martins of Beallach
for many generations were men of considerable
importance and high standing in the social life of
the Isle of Skye. Many of them were men of
education and culture at a time when thsre were few
such in the Western Isles. They were closely asso-
ciated by marriage and otherwise with the family of
Sleat, under whom they held several wadsets in



TUE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD, 559

Troternish. Several members of the family acted at
intervals as chamberlains over the extensive estates
of the family, and the family papers of Lord Mac-
donald show that they from time to time took a
principal part in the management of the Macdonald
Estates.

*' AoNGHAS NA Gaoithe," the first of the family of
whom there is any trace, is said by tradition to have
been a seafaring man, with no fixed place of resi-
dence. He received the name by which he became
known from his wandering life among the Western
Isles in his galley in all seasons and in all kinds of
weather. Before he came to the Isles, he, it is said,
was celebrated for his exploits in Ireland, where he
fought in the wars of Sorley Buy Macdonald. He
is said to have married a Danish Princess called
Biurnag, or Bernice, and had seven sons. Over his
grave at Kilmuir is a stone representing a recumbent
warrior, brought by himself from lona.

Angus's son, Martin, commonly called Gille-
Martin, from whom evidently the family took their
name, settled in Troternish, and received a wadset
of the lands of Beallach from Donald Gorm Mac-
donald of Sleat. He married Janet Macdonald, a
near relative of the family of Sleat, and had by
her —

1. Donald.

2. Lachlan.

3. John.

4. Angus.

5. Martin.

Martin was succeeded at Beallach by his son,

III. Donald. He fought under the Macdonald
banner in tliC campaign of Montrose, and acted
shortly thereafter as chamberlain of Troternish, He



560 THE CLAN DONALD.

married Mary, daughter of Alexander, brother of
Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat, and by her had —

1. Donald.

2. John. He received a tack of Flodigarry from Sir Donald

Macdonald, for whom he was factor in Troternish. He
was " out " at Killiecrankie under Sir Donald. In
1705 he received a tack of Kingsburgh. He married
Janet, daughter of Donald Macdonald of Castleton,
brother of Sir James Macdonald of Sleat, and had by
her —

(a) Martin, who succeeded his father at Flodigarry, and

was chamberlain of Troternish. In 1728, he
received a tack of the lands of Balvicquean. He
married a daughter of Lachlan Maclean of Vallay,
North Uist, and had William Martin, who died
unmarried in America, and John, a Lieutenant in
the Army, who succeeded his father at Flodigarry,
and left three natural sons — William, innkeeper
at Stenscholl ; Donald, a paymaster in the Array;
and Angus, planter in the West Indies, Avhere he
died unmarried.

(b) Hugh of Grenigle, who left .Janet and Margaret.

(c) William, who died unmarried.

(d) Alexander of Svverby.

(e) Betsy, who married, first, James Macdonald of Cuid-

rach, without issue. She married, secondly, Rev.
Donald Macqueen, minister of Kilmiiir, and had
Isabel, Janet, and Betsy.

(f) Margaret, who married James Macdonald, commonly

called " Seumus MacDhomhnuill Ghruamach," of
Kendrom, and had Donald John, and Janet.

(g) Christian, who married Donald, son of Rev. Donald

Nicolson, Aird, with issue.

3. Martin, who in 1686 was "governor to Donald, younger

of Sleat." He was the author of " A Voyage to St
Kilda," which was published in 1697, and of "An
Historical Description of the Western Isles of Scot-
land," published in 1703. Martin, who was a man of
ability and culture, qualified for the medical pro-
fession, but he never practised. He lived latterly in
London, where he died unmarried.



THE GENEALOGY OF CLAN DONALD. 561

Donald Martin of Beallach was succeeded by his son,
IV. Donald. Pie also was out witli his brother
at Kilh'ecrankie. He married Isabella, daughter of
Macdonald of Cuidrach, and had —

1. Martin.

2. Donald.

3. John.

4. Mary.

Donald was succeeded by his son,

V. Martin. In 1699 he received a tack of Dun-
tulra. He married Madeline, daui^^hter of Lachlan
Maclean of Vallay, North Uist, and had by her —

1. Donald.

2. Christina, who died unmarried.

Martin was succeeded by his son,

VI. Donald. He in 1732 received a new lease
of his lands of Beallach and Duntulm from Sir
Alexander Macdonald, for whom he acted as factor.
He was Sir Alexander's principal adviser in the
trying time of the Kising of the '45, when, wdiile the
chief was nominally at least on the Hanoverian side,
his followers were in entire sympathy with the
Prince. Martin, who was at heart a Jacobite, had a
difficult part to play, but he acted prudently on all
occasions. When an invasion of Skye by the
Hanoverians was threatened, he, with the consent
of Sir Alexander, organised a strong body of men to
resist them. After Culloden, he was sent as an
envoy by Sir Alexander to Cumberland to save the
island frt>m a further threat of invasion, and by his
tact and good sense he succeeded in averting this
catastrophe.

Donald married Isabel, daugliter of Alexander

Macdonald, of the Ardnamurchan family, who was

first at Borniskittaig, and afterwards at Sartle, by

whom he had —

36



562 THE CLAN DONALD.

1. Angus. . ,

2. Martin.

3. Alexander, a medical practitioner, who died unmarried in

the West Indies in 1780.

4. Donald, minister of Kilmuir.

5. Lachlan, who died unmarried at Duntulm.

6. Alexander, who resided at Shulista, married Aby Mac-

donald, without issue.

7. Margaret, who married Alexander Macqueeu, tacksman

of Brunistot, son of Rev. Archibald Macqueen, minister
of Snizort, with issue.

8. Betsy, who died unmarried.

9. Janet, who died unmarried.

10. Anne, who married Charles Maclean, Officer of Excise,
Fort- William, with issue.

Donald Martin died in 1786, and was succeeded by
his son,

VII. Angus. He obtained a commission in the
76th Regiment in 1777, and served with it in
America. He retired on half pay in 1784, and
succeeded his father at Beallach in 1786. He
married Mary, daughter of Malcolm Nicolson of
Scorribreck, without issue, and died in 1813, when
he was succeeded by his brother,

VIII. Martin of Duntulm, factor for Lord Mac-
donald. He married Margaret, daughter of Macleod
of E-aasay, and had by her —

1. Jane, who married General Count Maurin, and died in

France.

2. Isabel, who married Martin Martin, Tote, without issue.
Martin was succeeded in the representation of the
family by his brother,

IX. Donald. He graduated at King's College,
Aberdeen, in 1773, and was presented by George
III. to the Parish of Kilmuir in 1785. He was
translated to the East Church, Inverness, in 1808,
and to Abernethy in I 820. Mr Martin, who occu-
pied a positi'.Mi in the front rank among the clergy



THE aENEALOOY OF CLAN DONALD. 503

of the Church of Scotland in the Highlands, was
reckoned a man of high intellectual attainments, and
an eloquent and popular preacher who adorned the
office of the ministry.

He married, in 1788, Anne, daughter of Norman
Macdonald of Bernisdale and Scalpa, and had by
her, who died in 1803 —

1. Donald Norman, Lieutenant Royal Artillery. He served

with distinction at Walcheren and in Spain, and died
at Woolwich unmarried in 1815.

2. James Ranald.

3. Martin, who died young.

4. Norman Alexander, who went to Demarara, and died

there in 1842.

5. Diana, who married Lieutenant Maclean, of the 79th

Regiment.

6. Susan, who married John Graham, solicitor, Argyleshire,

and had Anne and Isabella.

7. Anne Isabella, who married Mr Munro, solicitor, Fort-

William, and had issue — Major-General Andrew
Munro.

8. Flora, who married Captain Robert Stewart, with issue

— Field Marshal Sir Donald Martin Stewart, Bart.,
G.C.B., late Commander-in-Chief in India.

9. Anne Macneill, who died unmarried.

The Rev. Donald Martin died January 24, J 838,
when he was succeeded in the representation of the
family by his son,

X. Sir James Ranald Martin. He was
educated in the Inverness Royal Academy, and
was intended for the Army. A commission was
offered him in the 42nd Regiment, but for family
reasons it was not accepted, and having chosen the
medical profession, he entered as a pupil at St
George's Hospital, London, in 1813. He in due
time qualified as a member of the Royal College of
Surgeons, and io 1817 he received a commission as
Assistant-Surgeon in the East India Company's



564 THE CLAN DONALD.

s'^rvice In Baiio-al. On his arrival in Calcutta he
was appouibed to do duty at tlie Presidency
General Hospital for Europeans, and shortly after
he was appointed Assistant-Garrison-Surgeon in
Fort William. In 1819 he was appointed officiating
Assistant at the General Hospital, Calcutta. In
1821 he was appointed to the medical charge of the
Body-Guard of the Governor-General, with which
he served throuo^h the first Burmese War in 1825.
In 1828 he was promoted to the rank of Surgeon,
and appointed officiating Surgeon to the Gov^ernor-
General. Shortly thereafter he devoted himself to
civil medical practice, in which he ultimately
attained the highest position. In 1840 he, on
account of failing health, returned to England after
a residence in India of twenty-two years, during
which he rendered valuable services to that country
both in his military and civil capacities. He
especially rendered conspicuous services in the
treatment of tropical diseases, and in his contri-
butions to sanitary science, in which he became the
first authority, being the pioneer of sanitary work
in India. Shortly after his settlement in London as
a medical practitioner, he, in conjunction with Dr
James Johnson, issued a valuable work on " The
Influence of Tropical Climates on the European
Constitution." He made many learned contribu-
tions to this and kindred subjects in after years, on
account of which, and of his eminence in his profes-
sion, he became a member of many learned societies.
In 1800 a Knighthood and the Companionship of
the Bath were conferred upon him. During the
remainder of his life he continued to perform the
duties of President of the Medical Board, Physician
to the Secretaiy of State for India in Council,



THE GENEALOGY OF ('LAX DOXAf.IX 5G5

member of the Army Sanitary Committee, and ol"
the Senate of the Army Medical School at Netley.
After a long and distinguished career Sir James
Ranald Martin died in London, December 4, 1874.

He married, in 1826, Jane Maria, daughter of
Colonel John Paton, C.B., Quartermaster-General,
Bengal Army, and had —

1. Donald, a student at the E.LC. College at Haileybiiry,

where he died at the age of 19.

2. Simon Nicolson. He was in tlie Bengal Civil Service,

and was Deputy-Commissioner when the Mutiny broke
out, wlien he rendered valuable services. He raised a
Mounted Police Force to guard the main lines between
Lucknow and Cawnpore, and Lucknow and Seolapore.
By Sir Henry Lawrence's orders he brought the
Crown Jewels of Oudh to Cawnpore for safety, and
arrested certain dangei'ous members of the Oudh
family. He did duty as a soldier till the garrison
was relieved by Sir Colin Campbell. He was men-
tioned in the dispatches of Brigadier Inglis for his
services. After the capture of Lucknow in 1858 he
took up his former appointment, but in addition was
constantly sent in pursuit of the rebels. He was
present at the action of Sclampore, and for his services
was mentioned in the dispatch of General Bulwer.
In September, 1858, he assisted in dispersing the
rebels at Oudh. For these services he received the
thanks of the Se(;retary for India. He also received
the Indian Mutiny medal, and the clasp for the
defence of Lucknow. He was afterwards a judge at
Futtighur and Ghaziporc, and retired in 1873. He
married Mary Bernard, and had — (a) Somerled, who
died in South Africa ; (6) Angus ; (c) Mabel ;
(d) Mary ; (e) Blanche ; {/) Grace ; (<f) Leila.

3. James Ranald, who was Captain and Brevet-Major in the

Bengal Artillery. He died in New Zealand, and left
issue — (a) Donald ; (b) George ; (r) Anne ; ((/) Viva.

4. John Paton. He served in India with Brazier's Sikhs.

He joined the Commissariat De})artment, and when
the Mutiny broke out he was unable to join his regi-



566 THE CLAN DONALD.

ment owing to the disturbed state of the country.
He was then appointed Assistant-Commissioner in
Assam. He afterwards became second in command
of the Gwalior Regiment. He retired in 1880 with
the rank of Major-Gene ral. ,He married Clara Burne,
and had — (a) Ranald Cunliffe ; (b) Viva Therese.
He married, secondly, Jane Young, without issue.
5. Cunliffe. He joined the Bengal Light Cavalry in 1851,
and served with great distinction during the Indian
Mutiny. He was afterwards in command of the
Central India Horse. He was made C.B., and retired
in 1889 with the rank of Colonel. He married Fauuy
Colledge, and had Rarald, Hamilton, and Norman —
all officers in the British Army — Jane, Flora, and Viva.
G. Robert Paton. He entered the Indian Civil Service, and
was subsequently transferred to the India Office. He
married, without issue.

7. Norman. He entered the Indian Native Cavalry. At

the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny he joined the 7th
Bengal Cavalry, w^iich mutinied, and he was killed at
the age of 19.

8. Angus Pulteney. He entei'ed a cavalry regiment, and

went to India. He served with the 97th Regiment
duiing the Mutiny, and for his services received a
medal. He retired early through ill-health, and died
unmarried in 1897.

9. Martin. He entered the Royal Engineers from Wool-

wich as a Lieutenant in 1869, and his first work was
in connection with the introduction of pioneers into
the cavalry service. He was present in France for a
short period during the operations of Manteuffel and
Faidheibe in the north, at Durj^, Pont Noyelles, in
1871. He went to India in 1872, and was in com-
mand of 2nd Company Bengal Sappers when thanked
in Government orders of India for bridging opera-
tions on the Jumna during 1872-3. He served in
both phases of the Afghan war, with medal for
1878-79-80; in the Knrum Valley with General
Roberts, including reconnaissance of the unknown
left bank of the Kurum River with eight men. On
Lieutenant Martin's report the road was altered from
the right to the left bank, and this road carried
General Roberts to Cabul in the second phase of the



THE GENEALOOV OF CLAN DONALD. 567

war. He served with Sir Donald Stewart in the
march from Candahar to Cabul, inuh;<iiiig the action
of Ahmed Khel, and crossing the Zanibaruk Pass

Captain Martin also served in the initial stages of
the Zhob Valley campaign in 1884. Among his
peace services, he served in the Madras famine of
1877 ; and while in command of a detachment <jf
" " Battery, 1st Brigade Field Artillery, earned the
thanks of the Government of Madras for a rapid
march, and the subsequent destruction of a dam of
the Red Hills Tanks, a sheet of water of 25 square
miles, which threatened to burst its bounds and
endanger the city of Madras. In 1883, at Captain
Martin's initiative, General Hughes, of the Artillery,
prepared with him a scheme for creating joint schools
of artillery and sappers and miners at Roorkee, Kirkee,
and Bangalore, where service practice of artillery and
engineers could be annually carried out under field
conditions. This scheme involved considerable trans-
fers of troops, but it was carried out and proved
successful. Lieutenant-Colonel Martin retired in
1900, having served in the fortress of Gibraltar,
Dover, Aden, Bermuda, and Port Royal, Jamaica,
which he commanded for three years, and almost
completely re-armed and reorganised.

Colonel Martin married Edith Ellen Taylor, and
has — (a) Norman ; (6) Martin ; (c) Henry Ranald ;
(d) Ellen Viva ; (e) Jean Rona.

10. Jane Maria, who married the Rev. J. Phillpotts, vicar

of Lamiugton, and died soon after, without issue.

11. Anne Macdonald, unmarried.

12. Julia Errington, who married Colonel Biddulph, without

issue.

13. Amy Forbes, who married Colonel R. P. Lawrie, C.B.,

formerly M.P. for Canterbury and for Bath, with
issue — two sons and three daughters.



THE MARTINS OF MARISHADDER,

The Martins of Mai'ishadder are descended from
Martin, the eldest son of Aouylia^ iia (raoithe.
Lachlan, the second son of Martin, married a



568 THE CLAN DONALD.

daughter of Nicolson of Scorribreck, and had by
her, among others,

II. Angus, who married a daughter of Maclean
of Cuidrach (of the medical family of that name),
by whom he had, among several children,

III. Lachlan, the eldest, who married a daugh-
ter of Macqueen of Rigg, and had an only son,

IV. Martin of Marish adder and Garafad. He
married Rachel, daughter of John Macdonald of
Culnacnoc (of the Macdonalds of Sleat), by Rachel,
daughter of Rev. Donald Nicolson, of Kilmuir, and
had an only son,

V. John, who married Mary, daughter of Peter
Nicolson of Penifiler, grandson of Nicolson of Scorri-
breck, by Abigail Mackenzie of Applecross. By her
he had a family of nine sons and three daughters—

1. Martin of Marishadder and Diiutulm, who was well

known and greatly respected as a generous Highland
gentleman. He married Isabella, daughter of Martin
Martin of Bealach, by his wife, Margaret, daughter of
Macleod of Raasay. He was for many years tacks-
man of Tote, Eyre, and Unakill. He died, without
issue, at the age of 93, and was buried at Kilmartin.

2. John, who died in the West Indies, unmai'ried.

3. Peter, who also died in the West Indies, unmarried.

4. Donald, M.D., at one time proprietor of Roshven,

Moidart. He married Mary, daughter of Olaus
Macleod of Bharkisaig, by .Julia Macleod of Raasay,
and had — («) Rev. Donald John, lately F.C. minister
at Stornoway, and now U.F. minister at Oban ;
{/)) Julia Macleod ; (c) Mary Anne ; (d) Flora
Hastings, who died unmarried.

5. Alexander of Inversanda, Lochaber, who married Jessie,

daughter of Maclean of Talachan, and had Alexander,
who died unmarried, and two daughters.

6. Nicol, M.D., who was for many years in Demarara, and

was a member of the College of Electors of British
Guiana. On his return home he bought the estates
of North Glendale and Husabost. He took an active



THE GENEALOGY OP CLAN DONALD. 569

part in public affairs, was Chairman of the Parisli
and School Boards of Durinisli, and J. P. for the
county of Inverness. He also took much interest in
politics, and was a member of the Junior Carlton Club.
He died, unmarried, in his 84th year.

7. Samuel Macdonald, M.D., who was for many years resi-

dent in New Zealand. He took a prominent part in
public matters there, and being of a literary turn, he
wrote an excellent history of the Island. He was
also for some time editor of a newspaper. He died,
unmarried, at Berbice at an early age.

8. Lachlan, who perished, a young man, in a snowstorm.

9. Kev. Angus, minister of Snizort. In 1842 he was

presented to the parish of Durinish, and in 1844
translated to Snizort, whei'e, being a gifted and
popular preacher, he laboured with acceptance for
many years. He married Margaret, daughter of the
Rev. Alexander Nicolson, minister of Barra, by his
wife, Susan, daughter of Nicolson of Scorribreck, and
Margaret, daughter of Norman Macdonald of Bernis-
dale. He had by her —

(a) John Lachlan, who died in India.

(b) Martin, who also died in India.

(c) Samuel Macdonald, who went to Australia.

(d) Donald Archibald, who married Ella, daughter of

Charles Hutchins, and is in British Columbia.

(e) Alexander George.

(f) Nicol, who succeeded his uncle in the estates of Glen-

dale and Husabost. He is a Captain in the
Lovat Scouts, Chairman of the School Board- of
Durinish, member of the County Council, and
J. P. for Invernes.s-shire.

(g) Mary, who died young.
(h) Susan Nicolson.

(i) Mary Isabella,
(j) Margaret Grace.



570 TSE clan DONALt).



THE BARDS OF THE CLAN.

John Macdonald, generally known as Iain Lorn,
or Bare John, and sometimes as Iain Manntach, or
John the Stammerer, was descended from Iain
Aluinn, the deposed Chief of Keppoch, his patro-
nymic being Iain Mac Dhotnhpuill 'ic Iain 'ic
DJwmhnuill 'ic Iain Aluinn. Little is known of his
early life beyond the fact that he was born and
brought up in Brae Lochaber. He is said to have
been educated for the priesthood in Spain, but of
this there is no proof nor any evidence whatever
except the vague tradition of Lochaber. In a
manuscript of the year 1725, containing unpublished
poems of the bard, it is stated that he could neither
read nor write, yet he had so retentive a memory
and so accurate a knowledge of the Scriptures that,
according to the writer of the manuscript, he could
give chapter and verse for any portion quoted,
whether of the Old or New Testament. The writer
of the manuscript, which is dated some fifteen years
after the death of the bard, was, it may be pre-
sumed, a contemporary of his. From internal
evidence it appears that he knew him personally.
In any case, he is likely to have been well informed,
and there is no positive evidence that John could
either read or write. If the bard was really
illiterate, lack of letters does not seem to have
affected in the least his compositions in verse, which
betray everywhere a well-informed and cultured
mind.



THE BARDS OF THE CLAN. 571

His earliest efforts in the poetic line, so far as we
know, is the elegy on Angus, son of Alastair Nan
Cleas of Keppoch, who was killed in the clan fight
at Strona-Chlachain in 1G40, where it is said John's
father, Donald, also perished. These verses, com-
posed when he would probably have been no more
than twenty years of age, reveal at once a poetical
faculty of a high order, and are in language and
conception chaste and appropriate.

It was in the year 1644, when Montrose raised
the royal standard in the North, that John Lorn
came into prominence as a keen partisan and poli-
tician, and the laurea,te of the campaign. It was
natural that, as a Roman Catholic, his sympathies
should lean towards the King's cause rather than
towards that of the Covenanters, who to John Lom
meant the Campbells and Campbell rule. From the
outset he watched keenly the movements on both
sides, and as soon as he discovered the whereabouts of
the Campbells he communicated the intelligence to
Montrose, who was then at Fort-Augustus. Guided
by the bard, Montrose made a rapid march across
the mountains to Inverlochy, where he engaged the
Covenanting army, and succeeded in sending many
of the race of Diarmid to " hold discourse with their
fathers." The bard, whose bravery need not be
called in question, refused to take part in the fight,
to make sure that he would survive to tell the tale
in verse. From one of the turrets of the old Castle
of Inverlochy he witnessed the battle, and his poem,
" Latha Innerlochaidh," is, from the bard's point of
view at least, a faithful reproduction of the events
of the day. The slippery knaves, the Campbells,
who had laid his country in ashes, " now have paid
the fine devoutly." The Clan Donald and their



572 THE CLAN DONALD.

leader, Alastair Macdonald, the hero of the day, are
highly extolled, while the cursed race of Diarmid
fare no better from the tongue of the bard than
they fared from the blades of his clansmen. For
satiric power the poem is unsurpassed in the lan-
guage. The bard followed the army of Montrose in
its further progress, and was present at the battle of
Auldearn, of which he gives a graphic description,
Alastair Macdonald being again his hero ; while the
Mackenzies and Frasers, who fought under Hurry,
receive a severe castigation, John continued to
employ his muse in the cause to which he was so
sincerely attached when the fortunes of his party
were at their lowest ebb. He was both resjDected
and feared. His services to his party were much



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