always effective, while the happy humour with
which his speeches abounded kept his audiences in
good spirits. In private life he was one of the most
genial and approachable of men, the life and soul of
any festivity in which he joined, and, being
singularly well niformed on all subjects, he was a
Among Sir John Macdonald's achievements as a
legislator may be mentioned the construction of the
inter-colonial railway, the ratification of the Wash-
ington Treaty, the confederation of British North
America, the extension and consolidation of the
Dominion, and the consolidation of the Dominion
Sir John was the recipient during his lifetime of
many honours. In 1865 he received the degree of
D.C.L. from Oxford University. He was also an
LL.D. of Queen's University, Kingston, and of
M'Gill University, Montreal, and a D.C.L. of
Trinity College, Toronto. He was created K.C.B.
in 1867 and G.C.B. in 1884. In 1872 he received
the distinction of Knight Grand Cross of the Order
of Isabella of Spain. In 1872 he was made a Privy
Sir John Macdonald married, first, in 1843,
Isabella, daughter of Captain William Clark of
Dalnavert, who died 28th December, 1857. He
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
married, secondly, in 1867, Susan Agnes, daughter
of Hon. Thomas James Bernard, who, in recognition
of her husband's distinguished public services, was
created Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe, 15th
August, 1891. He had by his first marriage — ■
632 THE CLAN DONALD.
1. John Alexander, who died young.
2. Hugh John, barrister-at-law, Q.C., M.P. He married,
first, Mary Jane Agnes, daughter of William Allan
Murray, merchant, Toronto, and had by her a
daughter, Isabella. He married, secondly, Gertrude
Agnes Van Koughnet, and had John Alexander, born
7th August, 1884.
Sir John by his second marriage had a daughter,
Mary Theodora Margaret.
Sir John Macdonald, to whose memory pubUc
statues have been erected in several of the principal
cities of Canada and a memorial in St Paul's
Cathedral, London, died June 6th, 1891, and was
buried at Kingston.
SIR HECTOR MACDONALD. 633
SIR HECTOK MACDONALD.
There is not even a tradition as to the branch
of the Clan from which this gallant clansman is
descended, but he inherited the spirit of the race,
and in heroism and personal prowess he was not
behind any of the many names inscribed on the
Clan's roll of military fame. His father, William
Macdonald, a native of the Parish of Kilmorack, was
a stone mason, and, besides, he occupied a croft at
Rootfield, on the Mulbuie, in the Parish of Urquhart,
better known as Ferintosh. There Hector was born
on March 4th, 1853. His mother yms Anne,
daughter of John Boyd, Kilicholm, Stratherrick.
At the age of six he was sent to the Free Church
school at Mulbuie where he was an apt pupil and
had more than his share of the battles of the play-
ground. Hector left school finally when he was
about fifteen years of age, having previously
attended irregularly during the summer months.
After being employed in harvest work for a little
time, he was, in 1868, engaged for a few months in
a drapery shop in Dingwall, whence he was promoted
to the Clan Tartan Warehouse at Inverness. Here
he joined the Highland Rifle Volunteers, and in
June, 1870, enlisted in the 92nd Gordon Highlanders,
stationed at Aberdeen. In the following year he
joined his regiment in India, and formed one of the
guard of honour to the Prince of Wales during his
visit there. Soon after his arrival in India he was
634 THE CLAN DONALD.
promoted corporal, and within three years of his
enlistment he had risen, through good conduct and
attention to duty, to be colour-sergeant of his com-
pany. He had been for eight years in the regiment
before he received his first " baptism of fire." When
his chance came he gave evidence of his ability to
handle troops. In 1878, Sir Frederick Roberts
advanced at the head of the Kabul Field Force
towards Afghanistan. At Jogi Manni he was
attacked by a force of 2000 Mangals and Ghilzais,
who had been lying in ambush. A small body
of the 3rd Sikhs were sent forward to reconnoitre,
and soon became engaged. Sergeant Macdonald
followed with a small body of the Gordons,
and overtaking the Sikhs he put himself at
the head of the little force and attacked the
enemy with great vigour. " Although he had to
cross a river and ascend a steep hill he dislodged
the enemy point after point, and did not retire till
he had cleared the pass." Thirty of the enemy were
killed. General Roberts in his despatch refers to
his conduct on this occasion and says, " The energy
and skill with which this party was commanded
reflected the highest credit on Colour-Sergeant
Hector Macdonald, 92nd Highlanders, and Temindar
Shere Mahomed, 3rd Sikhs. But for their excellent
services on this occasion it might probably have
been impossible to carr}^ out the programme of our
march." Before making his triumphal entry into
Kabul, "Roberts inflicted a severe defeat on the
Afghans at Charasiah. Here again Macdonald, in
the words of General Roberts, " distinguished him-
self" In his despatch he makes mention of Colour-
Sergeant Hector Macdonald and his " excellent and
kilful management of a small detachment when
SIR HECTOR MACDONALD. 635
opposed to immensely superior numbers in the
Hazardarakt defile." In all the other engagements
which followed, Sergeant Macdonald played a con-
spicuous part. He took part in the expedition to
Maidan, and in the defence of Sherpur, including
the assault and capture of Takht-i-Shah. He was
also present at Childuktan, and wherever the fire
was hottest. In recognition of his bravery on these
occasions, and especially of his gallant conduct at
Karatiga, Colour-Sergeant Macdonald was raised
from the ranks, and received his commission as
Lieutenant in his regiment. On this occasion he
was presented with an inscribed sword by his
On the 9th August, 1880, he joined with his
regiment in the memorable march from Kabul to
Candahar. In the action outside Candahar where
Roberts defeated the Afghan leader, Macdonald
performed one of the most daring deeds of an en-
gagement that was marked by heroic conduct m
every direction. For the Afghan Campaign Lieu-
tenant Macdonald received a medal, three clasps,
and a bronze decoration.
We next find the Gordon Highlanders in South
Africa taking a distinguished part in the fightnig
that ended so disastrously on Majuba Hill. After
the fall of General Collie, Lieutenant Macdonald,
with a small remnant of the Gordon Highlanders,
fought stubbornly for seven hours. At length the
gallant clansman, after a desperate struggle, was
disarmed, and found himself a prisoner in the hands
of the Boers, not, however, until he had knocked
over three of them with his fists.
Lieutenant Macdonald was again on active
service with his regiment in the attempt to relieve
636 THE CLAN DO:t^ALD.
General Gordon in Khartoum in 1884-5. For a
short time he held the appointment of Garrison
Adjutant at Assiout. Leaving this post he joined
the Egyptian Gendarmerie, and afterwards entered
the Egyptian army, still retaining his rank in the
Gordon Highlanders. He in a short time acquired
a good knowledge of Arabic, which he turned to
such good account in drilling and disciplining the
Egyptian army. He was raised to the rank of
Captain in January, 1888, and took part hi the
Suakin operations during that year, commanding
the Soudanese during the siege of that place. For
his service in this campaign he received the Egyptian
medal, the Khedive's Star, and was mentioned in
despatches. The battle of Toski, which was the
means of pacifying that region, followed, and Mac-
donald again led the Soudanese, who " showed great
eagerness to close with the enemy." For his conduct
on this occasion he received the Distinguished
Service Order. Two years later came the capture of
Tokar, when Captain Macdonald again distinguished
himself For this action he received the third class
of the Osmanieh, and was gazetted Major in the
For the next five years Major Macdonald was
engaged in the work of preparing for the final
advance on Khartoum. Early in 1896, the Dongola
expeditionary force began its march southward.
Major Macdonald was appointed to the command of
the 3rd Infantry Brigade. Dongola was captured,
and Major Macdonald, who was specially referred to
by the Sirdar, was promoted to the rank of colonel,
receiving at the same time the Khedive's medal
with two clasps.
SIR HECTOR MACDONALD. - 637
At the Atbara in the spring of 1897, Macdonald,
at the head of his Soudanese, was one of the first to
enter the zareba, and to engage in hand-to-hand
fight with the enemy. In the despatches which
followed, special mention was made of his services.
In August, 1898, the final advance on Khartoum
was made, and in the battle of Omdurman, fought
in September, Macdonald and his black brigade
performed prodigies of valour. Upon him and them
depended the fate of the day. They repelled in
succession two of the most savage onslaughts of the
Khalifa's forces with great steadiness and valour.
In the many accounts of the battle, all agree that
" so far as the fighting on that day went, the
honours lie with Macdonald," who ever since has
had accorded to him the distinction of " The Hero
of Omdurman." "All credit to the Sirdar, the
organiser of victory, but on the battlefield itself
even he must be counted second to the gallant
Scotsman vv^ho won the d-Aj."
In recognition of his services, Colonel Macdonald
was made a C.B. and an A.D.C. to the Queen. He
obtamed from the Khedive the title of Pasha, was
promoted to the rank of Brigadier General, and was
voted the thanks of the Imperial Parliament. In
the spring of 1899 he came home, and was received
everywhere with great enthusiasm. Many honours
were showered upon him. He was entertained at
banejuets, and presented with addresses and swords
of honour in recognition of his distinguished services.
In the same year he was appointed to the command
of the Sirhind District in India, where he remained
until he was ordered to South Africa, to assume
the command of the Highland Brigade in succession
to General Wauchope. He arrived at the Cape in
638 - THE CLAN DONALD.
January, 1900, in time to take a conspicuous part with
his brigade in the advance towards the Modder
River. In the chase after Cronje, which cuhninated
in the battle of Paardeberg Drift, General Macdonald
cut off the Boer General from all hope of escape, and
drove him into the Paardeberg trap. The Highland
Brigade was in the most of the engagements, and at
Paardeberg Macdonald was wounded. He was
mentioned in the despatches of Lords Roberts and
Kitchener, and on the conclusion of the war he was
promoted to the rank of Major-General, and received
the honour of Knight Commander of the Bath.
After a short stay at home, he went on a tour to
Australia. On his return he was ordered to take up
his former command in India, but on his arrival at
Bombay he was ordered to Ceylon, to take command
of the troops in Colombo. While here grave charges
affecting his moral character w^ere made against him.
He came home early in 1903 to consult his superiors
prior to appearing before a Court Martial, to answer
the charges made against him. It was hoped
that the trial would result, after a full and searching
inquiry, in the complete and honourable acquittal
of the gallant soldier, but on his return to Ceylon,
he died by his own hand in the Hotel Regina in
Paris on March 25th, 1903, and was buried at the
Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, on the 30th.
GEORGE MACDONALD, NOVELIST AND POET. 639
GEORGE MACDONALD, NOVELIST AND
George Macdonald was born at Huntly, in
Aberdeenshire, in the year 1824. He received his
early education at the Parish School of his native
town, and afterwards attended King's College,
Aberdeen, where he took his degree. After this
he became a student for the ministry at the
Independent College, Highbury, London, and was
for a short time an Independent minister. He
soon, however, found that his real vocation was in
the literary sphere ; probably, also, experience led
him to the conviction that his views upon questions
of religion did not square with the regulation
pattern that proved, acceptable in the typical
Nonconformist chapel. Such at any rate is the
conclusion thab one naturally forms from various
hints scattered through several of his works. Be
this as it may, he soon retired from the ministry,
became a lay member of the Church of England,
and settled clown in London to pursue a literary
career. His first work, a dramatic poem, entitled
" Within and Without," was published in 1856, and
his first novel, " David Elginbrod," was published in
1862. Since the appearance of these essays in the
literary sphere, numerous works, both poetry and
prose, have issued frum his pen, works of fiction
largely predominating. In 1866 he published a
religious volume, called " Unspoken Sermons," and
640 THE CLAN DONALD.
another in 1870, being " A Treatise on the Miracles
of our Lord." Both these illustrate his unconven-
tional and not quite orthodox methods of dealing
with the deeper problems of religion and theology,
but at the same time disclose the workings of a
truly devout and reverential spirit. Dr Macdonald
has written largely for the young, and was for years
a voluminous contributor to " Good Words for the
Young," a periodical which came into existence
under the auspices of Dr Norman Macleod, former
editor of " Good Words," to which latter periodical
Dr Macdonald was also at one time a frequent and
valued contributor. In 1877 he received a Civil
List pension in recognition of his services to litera-
ture, and his Alma Mater bestowed upon him the
honorary degree of LL.D,, as one of the most
distinguished of her sons. For a number of years
past he has resided in the Casa Coraggio, Bordigher,
but pays annual visits to England.
Dr Macdonald occupies a high, in some respects
a unique, place in the literature of the later Victorian
era. His published verse contains much that will
live as the expression of a genuine poetic faculty ;
but it is by his works of fiction that his literary
position is assured. This is not intended for an
exhaustive estimate, and it is unnecessary to enu-
merate the names and excellencies of his chief efforts
in the field of romance. One main feature of his
genius as a novelist it will be sufficient to refer to.
He possesses a combination of qualities not often
found together, an intensely ethical purpose side by
side with real creative power in the delineation of
character and incident. He has thus the faculty of
enlisting the interest, not always, perhaps, of the less
thoughtful reader to whom the evolution of a sensa-
GEORGE MACDONALD, NOVELIST AND POET. 641
tional plot is the ideal of fiction, but always of those
who are attracted and impressed by a movement of
noble, tender, and beautiful thoughts in the guise of
a well -told tale. Critics of the empirical order have
consequently blamed him for sacrificing something
of his art as a storyteller to the exigencies of his
spiritual stand-point, and it may, perhaps, be
admitted that the dramatic side of which he is a
true master, suffers in effectiveness from his powers
of meditation. To the writer himself, however, the
delivery of his message as a preacher of truth and
righteousness is all in all, even although the
most enthralling narrative should flag. The main
drift of his teaching is a protest against mere
tradition and especially against a hide-bound
Calvinism — the advocacy of a religious stand-point
in line with the deeper yearnings of humanity ; the
true interpretation of that Christianity which is to
him the ultimate reality of life. Dr Macdonald's
works are always stimulating and instructive, their
interest is always great, sometimes, indeed, enthral-
ling, and while he is master of an English style that
is always strong and bright, with gleams of humour
piercing like sun glints through the more serious
depths, he wields the old Scottish tongue with
almost unrivalled effect.
K/U^oc/>^rh ^ cry^
1. Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch. 5. Alexiuder MaMoiuild of Crlenala-
2. Ranald Macdonald of Clanranald dale.
(senr., of '45). 6. Hugh Macdonald of Baleshare.
3. Ranald Macdonald of Clanranald 7. Donald Roy Macdonald of Bale-
(jnnr., of '45). share.
4. Aeneas Macdonald of Dalelea. 8. Alexander Macdonald of Boisdale.
1. Allan Macdouald of Claurauald. 5. Captain Alex. ?*Iac<loiial(l, hrotlicr
2. Rauald Macdouald of Clanrauald. ofKe])pocli.
3. Angus Macdouald of Eelfinla_v. 6. William :\Iac<louald (Tulon.
4. Alexander Macdouald of Daluess. 7. Rauald Macdouald of i\Iilton.
S. Rev. Alex. Macdouald, Minister of Islandfinau.
1. Donald MficJouald of Casllelon
2. Jolin Macdoiiald Oi'" Balconie.
3. Coll Macdoiiald of Keppoch.
4. Sir Donald Mardoiiald, ^i-.l I'.art
5. Alastair Dubh Macdonald of Oic;i-
6. Allan .Macdonald of Clanranald.
1. Angus Macdonald of Lart^ie.
2. Donalfl Macdonald, Tutor of Lars^e.
3. Alexander Alacdonald of Glencoe
4. Alexander, 3rd Earl of Antrim.
5. Archibald '^ Macdonald (Ciaran
IMabach). ■"" - '^ '"'^ '
6. IMartin Martin (Author of Descri])-
tion of Western Islands).
7. Allan Macdonald ef Morar.
[. Sir James Macdonald, 2iul Bart, of
2. Randal, ist Marquis of Antrim.
3. Donald Macdonald of Clauranald.
4. Godfrey McAlester of I^oup.
5. Ranald Macdonald of Benhecula.
6. Angus, Lord Macdonald.
C^'d i'TfMJ^i'i:^ ma^
1. Coll Macdonakl of Colonsay. 6. Ranald, ist Karl oi" Antrim.
2. Alexander Maedonald of Largie. 7. John :\Iacdonald of Clanranald.
3. Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch. 8 Allan Macdonald of Morar.
4. Ranald Macdonald of Keppoch. 9. Angus Macdonald of Glengarry.
5. vSir Donald Macdonald, Tst Bart, of
/p-^PnA^ (jdol-y^^ ^P^-^^
9t?W&>^ft<^^^ K^^li^^^ ^T /~
1. sSir James Macdonald of Diuiluce.
2. Donald Macdonald of Glengarry.
3. Donald Macdonald of Sleal.
4. Donald Macdonald, yr. of Sleat.
5. Donald IMacdonald of Ostaig.
6. vSir James ]\Iacdonald of Dunnyvcg.
7. Angus Macdonald, Ij.ollier of vSir
1. Donald Macrlonald of Balconie.
2. Alexander Macdonald (Bard).
3. Donald Macdonald of Tirnadrish.
4. Coll Macdonald of Earisdale.
5. Donald Macdonald of Lochf^any.
6. vSir Alexander Macdonald, 7th Bart-
7. Lad}- Margaret Macdonald.
8. Alexander, 5tli Earl of Antrim.
1. Donald Macdouald of Beiibecula.
2. Alexander INIacdouald of Morar.
3. vSir Donald Macdonald, 4th Bart, of
4. Sir Donald Macdonald, 5th Bart, of
5. Sir James Macdonald, 6th Bart, of
6. Randal, 4th Earl of Antrim.
7. John Macdonald of Glengarry.
8. Allan Macdonald of Morar.
f//^^ - a^t P'tiyh p^^^t^
1. Ranald Macdonald of Keppoch.
2. Duncan:Macdonald of Glengarr>'.
3. Alexander, ist Lord Macdonald.
4. Godfrey, 3rd Lord Macdonald.
5. Alexander Macdonald of Glengarry.
6. Anne Catherine, Couutess of
7. Simon Macdonald of Morar.
8. Ranald Geo. Macdonald of Clan-
T. Marshal Macdonald, Duke of
2. Charlotte, Countess of Antrim.
3. Hugh, Karl of Antrim.
4. Admiral Sir Reginald Macdonald
5. sir John A. Macdonald (Canada)
6. Mark, Earl of Antrim.
7. George ^Macdonald (Novelist).
S. Randal, Karl of Antrim
ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA.
P. 181. The Bishojo of Moray had a mandate from the Pope in
1342 to "dispense William, Earl of Koss, and Mary,
daughter of the late Angus de He, so that they might
intermaiT_y." In the same year, a dispensation is granted
to John Stewart and Finvola de Insulis.
A letter from the Pope to the Bishop of St Andrews,
dated July, 1350, grants a dispensation to John of the
Isles and Margaret, daughter of "Robert, called Steward
(Senescallus), to intermarry, they being related in the
third and fourth degrees of affinity."
P. 214. The Macdonalds of Glenco. XII. Alexander. Alexander,
the second son of this Chieftain, married, in 1696,
Florence Macdonald, and died in 1707.
XIV. Alexander left issue —
1. John, his successor.
2. Donald, who was born in 1738, and died in
1821. He maiTied Flora, daughter of Donald
Maclean of Kilmollaig, Tiree, and had by her
(a) Major-General Alexander Macdonald, of
the Royal Artillery, C.B.,K.S*.A.; (6) Captain
XVI. Alexander. He married Mary, third daughter ot
Sir Ewen Cameron, Bart, of Fassifern, and liad
by her —
1. Ewen, his successor.
2. Ranald, a Captain in the Army, who married
a Miss Thomson, and had a son, Alexander,
and a daughter.
4. Jane Cameron, who, in 1817, married Captain
Coll MacDougall, of the 42nd Regiment.
Alexander Macdonald of Glenco died 19th December,
644 ■ THE CLAN DONALD.
XVII. Eweii. He was born 11th July, 1788, and died
19th August, 1840. He married the daughter of
an Indian Maharaja, by whom he had
XVIII. Ellen Caroline Macpherson, who was born 5th
July, 183U. She married Archibald Burns, who
afterwards assumed the name of Macdonald, and
had by him —
1. Archibald Maxwell, who succeeded her.
2. Duncan Cameron.
3. A daughter, who married Mr Bailingal.
4. A daught-^r, who married Mr Cook.
Mrs Burns Macdonald died March 3rd, 1887, and was
XIX. Archibald Maxwell, who died unmarried 9th June,
1894, and was succeeded by his brother,
XX. Duncan Cameron Macdonald, a Major in the Army.
He married Marie Thayer, only daughter of
William M'lntyre Cranston, late of Holland Park,
London, and has by her —
1. William M'lain.
2. Roy Cameron.
3. Ellen Macpherson.
P. 235. The Macdonalds of Clanranald.
XVII. Ranald. His fourth son,
4. William. He married, and left two sons —
(a) Donald. (6) James, who married
Catherine M'Neill of Barra, without
Donald, the eldest son, married Mary^ Scott, and
had by her— (1) Donald, who died unmarried, (2)
James, (3) Mary, who died unmarried, (4) Frances, who
married Norman Macleod, and had Admiral Angus
James, the second son, married Anne Dickenson,
and had (a) James, who married Lily Field, with issue,
James, (6) Donald, and eight daughters.
P. 236. XVIII. Ranald. His second son
2. James married, and had issue —
(a) Ronald Dugald Harcourt. He entered
the Army in 1818, and attained the
ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 645
rank of Major in the 8th Cavalry Regi-
ment, of which he had command from
13th February, 1839, to 14th April
of the same year. * He commanded his
corps in Bundlecund in March, 1843,
and was appointed Superintendent of
Remounts Depot at Mattra, 20th
December, 1845. He married a Miss
Crawford, without issue, and died at
Anarkulee, 21st November, 1848. (b)
Archibald. (c) James, (d) John, who
was in the Indian Medical Service.
He married a Miss Fraser-Tytler, and
died during the Indian Mutiny in the
Residency at Lucknow, leaving three
P. 263. III. Roderick Macdonald of Glenaladale married Janet
Macdonald, raid had, among other sons, Donald.
P. 282. IV. Angus Macdonald of Milton. His daughter, Penelope,
married Donald Macdonald of Daliburgh, and their
daughter married John Maclellan, Drimore.
P. 298. IV. Hugh Macdonald of Boisdale. He married, and had
among other children (a) Donald Norman, his youngest
son, who died July 18ih, 1869, in the 22nd year of his
age. (2) Flora, his eldest daughter, who married Alban
Williams, and died November 8th, 1858. Hugh Mac-
donald of Boisdale, who was born 2nd February, 1785,
died in Liverpool, 22nd Di'tember, 1875.
P. 344. For Sir James Head, read Sir Francis Somerville Head.
P. 348. .V- John Macdonyld of Leek. He married Elizabeth,
daughter of Patrick Leslie Duguid of Balquhan, and had
by her— -
I. Wolfe Alexander, who died in 1830.