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that it seemed to me as if every guest had had his proper attendant. Now
my artists having somewhat recruited themselves, and the wine having a
little removed shame from their hearts, they presently began to vaunt and
brag of their abilities. One would prove this, another that, and commonly
the most sorry idiots made the loudest noise. Ah, when I call to mind what
preternatural and impossible enterprises I then heard, I am still ready to
vomit at it. In fine they never kept in their order, but whenever one
rascal here, another there, could insinuate himself in between the nobles;
then pretended they the finishing of such adventures as neither Sampson
nor yet Hercules with all their strength could ever have achieved. This
would discharge Atlas of his burden; the other would again draw forth the
three-headed Cerberus out of Hell. In brief, every man had his own prate,
and yet the great lords were so simple that they believed their pretences,
and the rogues so audacious, that although one or other of them was here
and there rapped over the fingers with a knife, yet they flinched not at
it, but when any one perchance had filched a gold chain, then would all
hazard for the like. I saw one who heard the rustling of the heavens. The
second could see Plato's ideas. A third could number Democritus's atoms.
There were also not a few pretenders to perpetual motion. Many an one (in
my opinion) had good understanding, but assumed too much to himself, to
his own destruction. Lastly, there was one also who would needs out of
hand persuade us that he saw the servitors who attended, and would still
have pursued his contention, had not one of those invisible waiters
reached him so handsome a cuff upon his lying muzzle, that not only he,
but many who were by him became as mute as mice. But it best of all
pleased me, that all those, of whom I had any esteem were very quiet in
their business, and made no loud cry of it, but acknowledged themselves to
be _misunderstanding_ men, to whom the mysteries of nature were too high,
and they themselves much too small. In this tumult I had almost cursed the
day wherein I came hither, for I could not but with anguish behold that
those lewd vain people were above at the board, but I in so sorry a place
could not, however, rest in peace, one of those rascals scornfully
reproaching me for a motley fool. Now I thought not that there was yet one
gate behind, through which we must pass, but imagined I was during the
whole wedding, to continue in this scorn, contempt and indignity, which
yet I had at no time deserved, either of the Lord Bridegroom or the Bride,
and therefore (in my opinion) he should have done well to have sought out
some other fool to his wedding than me. Behold, to such impatience doth
the iniquity of this world reduce simple hearts. But this really was one
part of my lameness, whereof I dreamed. And truly this clamour the longer
it lasted, the more it increased. For there were already those who boasted
of false and imaginary visions, and would persuade us of palpably lying
dreams. Now there sat by me a very fine quiet man, who oftentimes
discoursed of excellent matters, at length he said, Behold, my brother, if
any one should now come who were willing to instruct these blockish people
in the right way, would he be heard? No, verily, replied I. The world,
said he, is now resolved (whatever comes on it) to be cheated, and cannot
abide to give ear to those who intend its good. Seest thou also that same
coxcomb, with what whimsical figures and foolish conceits he allures
others to him. There, one makes mouths at the people with unheard of
mysterious words. Yet believe me in this, the time is now coming when
those shameful Vizards shall be plucked off, and all the world shall know
what vagabond impostors were concealed behind them. Then perhaps that will
be valued which at present is not esteemed. Then there began in the hall
such excellent and stately music as all the days of my life I never heard
the like of. After half an hour this music ceased. Presently after began a
great noise of kettle drums, trumpets, etc. The door opened of itself and
many thousand small tapers came into the hall, all which of themselves
marched in so very exact order as altogether amazed us, till at last the
two fore-mentioned pages with bright torches, lighting in a most beautiful
virgin, all drawn on a gloriously gilded triumphant self-moving throne,
entered the hall. It seemed to me she was the very same who before on the
way kindled and put out the lights, and that these her attendants were the
very same whom she formerly placed at the trees. She was not now as before
in sky colour, but arrayed in a snow white glittering robe which sparkled
of pure gold and cast such a lustre that we durst not steadily behold it.

Such guests as chose to stay throughout the night, having announced their
intention of so doing, were bound in their chambers with cords, in such a
way that they could by no means free themselves. At length in my sorrowful
thoughts I fell asleep.

The Third Day.

On the morrow all being assembled, the Trumpets, etc., began again to
sound and we imagined that the Bridegroom was ready to present himself,
which nevertheless was a huge mistake. For it was again the yesterday's
Virgin who had arrayed herself all in red velvet and girded herself with a
white scarf. Her train was now no more of small tapers, but consisted of
two hundred men in harness who were all clothed in red and white. As soon
as they were alighted from the throne, she comes straight to us prisoners,
and after she had saluted us, she said in a few words: That some of you
have been sensible of your wretched condition is hugely pleasing to my
most mighty lord, and he is also resolved you shall fare the better for
it. And having espied me in my habit, she laughed and spake, good lack!
Hast thou also submitted thyself to the yoke? I imagined thou would'st
have made thyself very snug, which words caused my eyes to run over. After
which she commanded we should be unbound, and coupled together and placed
in a station where we might behold the scales, for, said she, it may yet
fare better with them than with the presumptuous who yet stand here at
liberty. Meanwhile the scales which were entirely of gold were hung up in
the midst of the hall. There was also a little table covered with red
velvet, and seven weights placed thereon. First of all stood a pretty
great one, next four little ones, lastly, two great ones severally; and
these weights in proportion to their bulk were so heavy that no man can
believe or comprehend it. The Virgin having sprung up into her high
throne, one of the pages commanded each one to place himself according to
his order, and one after the other, step into the scales. One of the
emperors made no scruple of it, but first of all bowed himself a little
towards the Virgin, and afterwards in all his stately attire went up,
whereupon each captain laid in his weight, which (to the wonder of all) he
stood out. But the last was too heavy for him, so that forth he must, and
that with such anguish that the Virgin herself had pity on him, yet was
the good emperor bound and delivered over to the sixth band. Next came
forth another emperor, who stepped haughtily into the scale and having a
great thick book under his gown, he imagined not to fail; but being scarce
able to abide the third weight, and being unmercifully slung down, and
his book in that affrightment slipping from him, all the soldiers began to
laugh, and he was delivered up bound to the third band. Thus it went with
some others of the emperors. After these came forth a little short man
with a curled beard, an emperor too, who after the usual reverence got up
also, and held out so steadfastly, that methought had there been more
weights ready, he would have outstood them; to whom the Virgin immediately
arose, and bowed before him, causing him to put on a gown of red velvet,
and at last reached him a branch of laurel, having good store of them upon
her throne, upon the steps whereof she willed him to sit down. After him,
how it fared with the rest of the emperors, kings and lords would be too
long to recount, but I cannot leave unmentioned that few of those great
personages held out. After the inquisition had also passed over the
gentry, the learned, and unlearned, and the rest, and in each condition
perhaps one, it may be, two, but for the most part none, was found
perfect, it came at length to those honest gentlemen the vagabond
cheaters, and rascally Lapidem Spitalanficum, who were set upon the scale
with such scorn that I myself for all my grief was ready to burst with
laughing, neither could the very prisoners themselves refrain, for the
most part could not abide that severe trial, but with whips and scourges
were jerked out of the scale, and led to the other prisoners. Thus of so
great a throng so few remained, that I am ashamed to discover their

The Inquisition being completely finished, and none but we poor coupled
hounds standing aside, at length one of the captains stepped forth and
said, Gracious Madam, if it please your ladyship, let these poor men who
acknowledged their misunderstanding be set upon the scale, also without
their incurring any danger of penalty, and only for recreation's sake, if
perchance anything that is right may be found amongst them. We being
untied were one after another set up. My companion was the fifth who held
out bravely, whereupon all, but especially the captain, applauded him, and
the Virgin shewed him the usual respect. I was the eighth. Now as soon as
(with trembling) I stepped up, my companion who already sat by in his
velvet, looked friendly upon me, and the Virgin herself smiled a little.
But for as much as I outstayed all the weights, the Virgin commanded them
to draw me up by force, wherefore three men moreover hung on the other
side of the beam, and yet could nothing prevail. Whereupon one of the
pages immediately stood up and cried out exceeding loud, THAT'S HE, upon
which the other replied, then let him gain his liberty, which the Virgin
acceded, and being received with due ceremonies, the choice was given me
to release one of the captives, whosoever I pleased. Afterwards a Council
of the seven captains and us was set, and the business was propounded by
the Virgin as president, who desired each one to give his opinion, how the
prisoners were to be dealt with.

* * * * *

The story is a long one, and we must present the rest only in outline. It
goes on to say that the kinds of punishment to be dealt out to the
prisoners were then discussed and arranged, after which another banquet
took place, when these captives were required to make confession of being
cheats and vagabonds, which after some expostulation they agreed to,
appealing at the same time for mercy which was refused, though variations
in the degrees of punishment were promised.

When the sentences had all been executed, there came forward "a beautiful
snow white Unicorn with a golden collar about his neck. In the same place
he bowed himself down upon both his fore feet, as if hereby he had shewn
honour to the Lyon, who stood so immoveably upon the fountain, that I took
him to be of stone or brass, who immediately took the naked sword, which
he bare in his Paw and break it in the middle in two, the pieces whereof
to my thinking sunk into the fountain, after which he so long roared,
until a white dove brought a branch of olive in her bill, which the Lyon
devoured in an instant, and so was quieted. And so the Unicorn returned to
his place with joy, while our Virgin led us down by the winding stairs."

The narrative grows complicated as it proceeds, and none the less strange
in its character; its details are inexplicable and tedious, and it will be
impossible to lay them before our readers. The writer proceeds to describe
his rambles about the castle, the wonders which there met his gaze, his
respectful treatment at the banquet, and a problem proposed by the Virgin
which was duly debated by each in turn.

Fourth Day.

Presented to the King by the Virgin who explained that the lords had
ventured hither with peril of body and life - assured by Atlas of the
King's welcome - promised by the Virgin that she would remove the burden of
his old age - performance of a comedy.

Fifth Day.

Further explorations of the castle - discovery of the burial place of Lady
Venus, "that beauty which hath undone many a great man both in fortune,
honour, blessing, and prosperity." Journey with the Virgin to the Tower of

Sixth Day.

Distribution by lot of Ladders, Ropes and Wings - the mysterious
bird - restoring the dead to life.

Seventh Day.

"After eight o'clock I awaked and quickly made myself ready, being
desirous to return again into the tower, but the dark passages in the wall
were so many and various that I wandered a good while before I could find
the way out. The same happened to the rest, too, till at last we all met
again in the neathermost vault, and habits entirely yellow were given us,
together with our golden fleeces. At that time the Virgin declared to us
that we were Knights of the Golden Stone, of which we were before
ignorant. After we had now thus made ourselves ready and taken our
breakfasts, the old man presented each of us with a medal of gold; on the
one side stood these words: AR. NAT. MI. On the other these, TEM. NA. F.

Exhorting us, moreover, we should enterprise nothing beyond and against
this token of remembrance. Herewith we went to the sea, where our ships
lay so richly equipped, that it was not well possible but that such brave
things must first have been brought thither. The ships were twelve in
number; our flags were the twelve celestial signs, and we sate in Libra.
Besides other things, our ship had also a noble and curious clock, which
shewed us all the minutes. The ships passed on and before we had sailed
two hours the mariner told us that he already saw the whole lake almost
covered with ships, by which we could conjecture they were come but to
meet us, which also proved true. As soon as they were well in ken of us,
the pieces were discharged on both sides, and there was such a din of
trumpets, shalms, and kettledrums that all the ships upon the sea capered
again. Finally as soon as we came near they brought our ships together and
so made a stand. Immediately the old Atlas stepped forth on the King's
behalf, making a short but handsome oration, wherein he welcomed us and
demanded whether the royal presents were in readiness. The rest of my
companions were in an huge amazement, whence this king should arise, for
they imagined no other but that they must again awaken him. We suffered
them to continue in their wonderment, and carried ourselves as if it
seemed strange to us too. After Atlas's oration, out steps our old man
making somewhat a larger reply, wherein he wished the King and Queen all
happiness and increase, after which he delivered up a curious small
casket, but what was in it I know not; only it was committed to Cupid, who
hovered between them both, to keep. After the oration was finished, they
again let off a joyful volley of shot, and so we sailed on a good time
together, till at length we arrived at another shore. This was near the
first gate at which I first entered. At this place again there attended a
great multitude of the King's family together with some hundreds of
horses. Our old lord and I most unworthy were to ride even with the King,
each of us bearing a snow white ensign, with a red cross. I had fastened
my tokens round my hat of which the young King soon took notice, and
demanded if I were he, who could at the gate redeem those tokens? I
answered in the most humble manner, Yes. But he laughed on me, saying,
there henceforth needed no ceremony; I was his father. Then he asked
wherewith I had redeemed them. I replied, with water and salt, whereupon
he wondered who had made me so wise, upon which I grew somewhat more
confident, and recounted unto him, how it had happened to me with my
bread, the dove, and the raven, and he was pleased with it, and said
expressly that it must needs be that God had herein vouchsafed me a
singular happiness.... Meantime the tables were prepared in a spacious
room, in which we had never been before; into this we were conducted with
singular pomp and ceremony. This was the last noblest meal at which I was
present. After the banquet the tables were suddenly taken away, and
certain curious chairs placed round about in circle, in which we together
with the King and Queen, both their old men, the ladies and virgins were
to sit. After which a very handsome page opened the above mentioned
glorious little book, when Atlas immediately placing himself in the midst,
began to bespeak us to the ensuing purpose. That his royal majesty had not
yet committed to oblivion the service we had done, and how carefully we
had attended our duty, and therefore by way of retribution had elected all
and each of us Knights of the Golden Stone. That it was therefore further
necessary not only once again to oblige ourselves towards his royal
majesty, but to now swear too upon the following articles, and then his
royal majesty would likewise know how to behave himself towards his liege
people. Upon which he caused the page to read over the articles, which
were these: -

1. - You my lords the knights, shall swear, that you shall at no time
ascribe your order either unto any devil, or spirit, but only to God your
Creator, and his handmaid Nature.

2. - That you will abominate all whoredom, incontinency and uncleanness,
and not defile your order with such vices.

3. - That you through your talents will be ready to assist all that are
worthy, and have need of them.

4. - That you desire not to employ this honour to worldly pride and high

5. - That you shall not be willing to live longer than God will have you.

Now being to vow to them all by the King's sceptre, we were afterwards
with the usual ceremonies installed knights, and amongst other privileges
set our ignorance, poverty and sickness; to handle them at our pleasure.
And this was afterwards ratified in a little chapel, and thanks returned
to God for it. And because every one was there to write his name, I writ

Summa Scientia nihil Scire,
Fr. Christianus Rosencreutz,
Eques aurei Lapidis,
Anno 1549."


_Conclusion - Modern Rosicrucianism._

In Notes and Queries for Nov. 15th, 1886, we find the following: - "In the
Student's Encyclopædia, published by Hodder and Stoughton in 1883, I find
the following twofold statement: 'Even to-day a Rosicrucian lodge is said
to exist in London, whose members claim by asceticism to live beyond the
allotted age of man, and to which the late Lord Lytton vainly sought
admission.' May I ask whether anything authentic can be learnt (1) as to
the existence of these modern Rosicrucians, and (2) as to Lord Lytton's
failure to gain admission among them?"

In the number of Dec. 13 of the same year, the above query was thus
answered: "The Soc. Rosic. in Anglia still holds several meetings a year
in London. The Fratres investigate the occult sciences; but I am not aware
that any of them now practice asceticism, or expect to prolong life on
earth indefinitely. It is not customary to divulge the names of candidates
who have been refused admission to the first grade, that of Zelator, so
must ask to be excused from answering the question as to Lord Lytton.

WYNN WESTCOTT, _M.B., Magister Templi_."

In September of the previous year a correspondent asked if any one could
inform him if there were still any members of the society of the Rosy
Cross (or Rosicrucians); and if there were, how could one communicate with
them? Also if there were still any alchemists searching for the
philosopher's stone and the transmutation of metals? This evoked the
following reply: -

"Some say the modern Rosicrucians are the same as the Freemasons; but as
in the main they lived isolated, they could have been but slightly
connected with the masons. The range of celebrated men included in the
society is large: - Avicenna, Roger Bacon, Cardan, down to Mr. Peter
Woulfe, F.R.S., who lived at No. 2, Barnard's Inn, and was, according to
Mr. Brand, the last true believer in alchemy. But no doubt some few still
dabble in these occult things." Notes and Queries, Series 6, vol 8, 317.

On the same page of the same volume we have: - "The Rosicrucians are now
(how I know not) incorporate with, and form one of the highest ranks, if
not the highest rank, of English Freemasons." Also: - "In reply to Charles
D. Sunderland, allow me to say there are yet living both Rosicrucians and

De Quincey does not hesitate for a moment in deciding as to the identity
between Rosicrucianism and Freemasonry. He says: - "I shall now undertake
to prove that Rosicrucianism was transplanted to England, where it
flourished under a new name, under which name it has been since
re-exported to us in common with other countries of Christendom. For I
affirm as the main thesis of my concluding labours, that Freemasonry is
neither more nor less than Rosicrucianism as modified by those who
transplanted it to England." He then proceeds with an argument to shew
this identity between the two, an argument to which our limited space
forbids us to do more than briefly allude. He says: - "In 1633 we have seen
that the old name was abolished; but as yet no new name was substituted;
in default of such a name they were styled _ad interim_ by the general
term, wise men. This, however, being too vague an appellation for men who
wished to form themselves into a separate and exclusive society, a new one
had to be devised bearing a more special allusion to their characteristic
objects. Now the immediate hint for the Masons was derived from the legend
contained in the _Fama Fraternitatis_, of the "House of the Holy Ghost."
This had been a subject of much speculation in Germany; and many had been
simple enough to understand the expression of a literal house, and had
inquired after it up and down the empire. But Andrea had made it
impossible to understand it in any other than an allegoric sense, by
describing it as a building that would remain invisible to the godless
world for ever." Theophilus Schweighart also had spoken of it thus: "It is
a building," says he, "a great building, _carens fenestris et foribus_, a
princely, nay an imperial palace, everywhere visible, and yet not seen by
the eyes of man." This building in fact, represented the purpose or object
of the Rosicrucians. And what was that? It was the secret wisdom, or, in
their language, _magic_ - viz., 1. Philosophy of nature, or occult
knowledge of the works of God; 2. Theology, or the occult knowledge of God
himself; 3. Religion, or God's occult intercourse with the spirit of man,
which they imagined to have been transmitted from Adam through the
Cabbalists to themselves. But they distinguished between a carnal and a
spiritual knowledge of this magic. The spiritual knowledge is the business
of Christianity, and is symbolised by Christ himself as a rock, and a
building of human nature, in which men are the stones and Christ the
corner stone. But how shall stones move and arrange themselves into a
building? "They must become living stones." But what is a living stone? "A
living stone is a mason who builds himself up into the wall as a part of
the temple of human nature." In these passages we see the use of the
allegoric name masons upon the extinction of the former name. In other
places Fludd expresses this still more distinctly. The society was
therefore to be a masonic society, in order to represent typically that
temple of the Holy Spirit which it was their business to erect in the
spirit of man. This temple was the abstract of the doctrine of Christ, who
was the Grand-master: hence the light from the East, of which so much is
said in Rosicrucian and Masonic books. After pursuing the matter in a
similar strain somewhat further, De Quincey sums up the results of his
inquiry into the origin and nature of Freemasonry as follows: -

1. The original Freemasons were a society that arose out of the
Rosicrucian mania, certainly within the thirteen years from 1633 to 1646,
and probably between 1633 and 1640. Their object was magic in the
cabbalistic sense - _i.e._, the occult wisdom transmitted from the
beginning of the world, and matured by Christ; to communicate this when
they had it, to search for it when they had it not: and both under an oath

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