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"ABSTAINING. - Practising abstinence (from alcoholic beverages) 1867.
J. W. BARDSLEY in 'Clerical Testimony to Total Abstinence' 30: 'The
bride was the daughter of an abstaining clergyman.'"


(_Photo: Walery, Ltd., Regent Street, W._)]

Now we will leave it to our fair readers to puzzle over until next
month as to who the blushing bride was who is thus assured of
immortality in the greatest Dictionary the world has ever seen.


"Example is better than precept," says the old adage, and there
can be no doubt that the example of Madame Antoinette Sterling and
Mrs. Mary Davies in the matter of total abstinence has been of the
utmost value. It was at a reception given by Mr. and Mrs. Frederick
Sherlock at Hackney, in 1892, to the Archbishop of Canterbury
(then Bishop of London), that Madame Sterling, to the surprise of
a delighted audience, volunteered "a few words." The gifted singer
remarked that "she had been nearly all her life a total abstainer.
When on long tours with members of her profession, it had been
rather an aggravation to them to see, when they were pretty well
prostrated, that she was almost or quite as fresh at the end of the
journey as at the beginning. They also complained of the quality of
the wine furnished to them, as well as of water. She took milk and
cocoa, and also water, of which she did not complain, and scarcely
missed one engagement in the seventeen years during which she had
been before the public. She had never had a day's bad health, and
had not suffered from those aches and pains of which she had heard
other people complaining continually." Like Madame Sterling, Mrs.
Mary Davies has upon many occasions shown a deep and practical
interest in philanthropic work.

[Illustration: MRS. MARY DAVIES.

(_Photo: H. S. Mendelssohn, Pembridge Crescent, W._)]

[Illustration: (_Photo supplied by the Press Studio._)


[Illustration: (_Photo supplied by the Press Studio._)



Possibly the most unique Band of Hope in the world is that which is
held in the Royal Naval School, Greenwich. It was founded so far
back as 1871, by Samuel Sims, an honoured agent of the National
Temperance League, and upon his death, in 1892, was taken over by
Mr. W. S. Campbell, as the League's representative. No pressure at
all is put upon the lads to induce them to join the Band of Hope,
but, as a matter of fact, most of the lads in the school readily do
so, and the present membership is fully a thousand strong. Regular
weekly meetings are held, and the annual gathering, which is held
in the great gymnasium, is a most inspiriting spectacle. A visit
to the Royal Naval School, if it should happen to be in recreation
time, cannot fail to afford considerable satisfaction to those who
like to see Young England at play. Every type of healthy pastime is
encouraged in its turn, and these young abstainers have frequently
shown that they are well able to hold their own. It is encouraging
to know that the principles of total abstinence are not discarded
when the lads pass out into the Royal Navy or Mercantile Marine,
for every year large numbers of them are drafted into Miss Weston's
well-known temperance society.


The appointment of a special Sunday for the preaching of sermons on
temperance originated with the Church of England Temperance Society
many years ago. Owing to various circumstances, it is not possible
for the Church of England clergy to take one Sunday simultaneously
for the whole country, but each diocesan Bishop makes choice of
a day and issues a pastoral letter to his clergy, so that at one
period of the year or another the whole country is covered, so far
as the Church of England is concerned. The Nonconformist bodies
have, however, for some years past, fixed upon the last Sunday in
November for Temperance Sunday, and as we go to press we learn that
this year special reference will be made to the importance of Sunday


With Illustrative Anecdotes and References.

DECEMBER 18TH. - =The Captivity of Judah.=

_To read - Jer. lii. 1-11. Golden Text - Jer. xxix. 13._

This chapter describes the fate of Judah. Later kings were all
wicked. Warnings of Jeremiah and other prophets all been in vain.
Time has come for judgment. Captivity in Babylon, long foretold,
now about to commence. Came about in reign of Zedekiah. The eleven
verses of this lesson almost identical with Jer. xxxix. 1-10.

I. =The King= (1-3). _His name._ Originally Mattaniah, was son of
good King Josiah and uncle of late King Jehoiachin. Jeremiah had
prophesied of a future king (Jer. xxiii. 5-7) as the "Lord our
righteousness." The king assumed that name, and was called Zedekiah.

_His acts._ "Did evil," but had not always been altogether evil.
Had made covenant with nobles and priests to abolish slavery
(xxxiv. 8-10). But his great wrong was breaking his solemn oath of
allegiance to king of Babylon (2 Chron. xxxvi. 13). This looked upon
as his crowning vice (Ezek. xvii. 8), for which God's anger was upon
him (ver. 3).

=Lesson.= When thou vowest a vow defer not to pay it.

II. =The Siege= (4-7). City besieged for last time. Jews never
forgot day it began. Was January - tenth day of their tenth month.
Great mounds or (earth-works) outside walls to shoot burning arrows,
etc.; houses outside thrown down (Jer. xxxiii. 4). Famine and
pestilence soon ravaged crowded population inside.

_The assault._ City, after eighteen months, taken by assault at
northern gate (B.C. 587). King and his family and royal guard
escaped by passage between two walls (Jer. xxxix. 4), by royal
gardens, down steep descent towards Jericho. There he was overtaken
and made prisoner. His broken oath caused his destruction (Ezek.
xvii. 20).

=Lesson.= Evil shall hunt the wicked to overtake him.

III. =Babylon.= He was taken to Babylon. His sons killed in his
sight, then his eyes put out, bound with chains, kept in prison till
death. Feeble in will, faithless in promise, judgment came upon him.

=Lesson.= 1. The word of the Lord standeth sure.


He who buys the truth makes a good bargain. Zedekiah dealt in
falsehood and lost his throne. Esau sold his birthright for a basin
of soup. Judas made a bad bargain when he sold his Lord for the
price of a slave. Take heed to the thing that is right, for that
alone shall bring peace at the last.

DECEMBER 25TH. - =A Christmas Lesson.=

_To read - Hebrews i. 1-9. Golden Text - St. Luke ii. 11._

This letter written to the Hebrews, i.e. Christians of Jewish birth
who clung to the priesthood and services of the Temple as well as
to Christianity. St. Paul shows how far the Christian system was
superior to and superseded the Jewish. The types and ceremonies of
the Law fulfilled in Christ, whose birthday is kept at Christmas.

I. =God's Revelation= (1-2). _Past._ God revealed or unveiled
Himself of old. This revelation inferior in three ways, viz. (1) It
was given gradually, in portions, a part at a time. (2) Given in
divers manners, under many figures and types. (3) Given by prophets,
only human.

_Present._ Final revelation of God's truth - once for all given to
the saints (Jude 3). Given by His Son - the Word of God (St. John i.
1, 2); heir of all things - God's agent in creation of the universe.

II. =God's Son= (3-9). _Great in Himself._ Has Divine glory - the
outshining of the Father's glory. He is God's image, the counterpart
of the Father. To see Christ is to see God (St. John xiv. 9).

_Great in His work._ (1) _Upholder_ of the universe as well as its
Creator. (2) _Saviour._ Came not only as prophet to reveal God's
will, but to purge man's sin. This He did by Himself with His own
blood (ix. 12, 14).

_Greater than angels._ In His person, His work. His exaltation to
glory; testified by Scripture, _e.g._ Psalm ii. 3 tells of Christ's
eternal Sonship - also referred to by St. Paul as fulfilled in His
resurrection (Acts xiii. 33).

_King over all._ Christ also a King. Rules in righteousness (Psalm
xlv. 6, 7); received throne as victor over His enemies - sin, death,
and the devil (xii. 2). Raised high above all.

=Lesson.= Christ is King - honour Him; He is Saviour - love Him; He
is God - fear Him. Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and so ye perish.
Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him.

Christ in the Old and New Testaments.

A weaver, who had made an elaborate piece of tapestry, hung it
upon the tenterhooks in his yard. That night it was stolen. A
piece of tapestry was found by the police, which seemed to answer
the description; but, as the pattern was not unlike that of other
pieces, they wanted more definite proof. It was brought to the
weaver's yard, and there the perforations in the fabric were found
to correspond exactly to the tenterhooks. This was proof positive.
In like manner, if we place the life and character of Christ against
all the prophecies of Him in Scripture, they will be found to
correspond exactly.


_New Series. The Gospel according to St. John._

JANUARY 1ST. - =Christ the True Light.=

_To read - St. John i. 1-14. Golden Text - Ver. 4._

New Year - new course of lessons. This Gospel records the deeper
spiritual truths of Christ's teaching, especially about His own
Nature and Person. It sets Christ forth as God. St. John tells his
object in writing a fourth Gospel in chap. xx. 31, which the class
should read.

I. =The Nature of Christ= (1-3). _Eternal._ In the beginning, not of
the world, but before all creation, from everlasting. _Divine Word._
Christ is the expression of the mind of God. Came to reveal God to
man (xv. 15). _Living Person._ The Word not a mere attribute or
power of God but a distinct Person. "With God" from everlasting. Not
inferior to the Father, but very God Himself. _Creator._ As well as
Saviour and Governor of the world (read Col. i. 16, 17; Heb. i. 2).

II. =The Office of Christ= (4-13). _Source of Life._ As very God He
had life in Himself, which He poured forth on His creation (vv. 25,
26; xvii. 2). _Source of light._ The life from Son of God is cause
of man's inward spiritual light by which he is saved. _Himself the
light._ World was in spiritual darkness at Christ's coming. _Giver
of light._ No man has light in himself, however great his natural
powers. All true light is from Christ.

_Rejected._ By His own. The world He made knew not its Creator (1
Cor. i. 21). The nation He chose to be His own special people (Deut.
vii. 6) received Him not.

_Received._ By a few - both Jews and Gentiles; such as Nicodemus the
ruler (iii. 1, 2), the disciples from Galilee (ii. 11), and others.
How did they receive Him? By believing in Him. This faith, itself
the gift of God, rewarded by further privilege of becoming God's
sons - born into God's family by a new and spiritual birth (iii. 3).

III. =The Glory of Christ= (14). Word was made flesh by taking to
Himself man's human nature. He dwelt (_literally_ "pitched His
tent") with men, full of mercy to heal bodies and souls, full of
God's truth to teach.

=Lessons.= 1. _Hold fast the Christian faith._ Jesus Christ one for
ever with the Father. _God_ - eternal, glorious, Creator, Giver of
light and life to the soul - yet _Man_, like one of us.

2. _Live the Christian life._ Jesus is our example, that we should
follow His steps.

Christians walking in the Light.

A little girl in a London slum won a prize at a flower-show. Her
flower was grown in a broken teapot in a back attic. When asked how
she managed to grow the beautiful flower, she said her success came
from always keeping the plant in the only corner of the room ever
favoured by a sunbeam. Only by walking in the light and sight of God
can Christians truly grow and bear fruit.

JANUARY 8TH. - =Christ's first Disciples.=

_To read - St. John i. 35-46. Golden Text - Ver. 36._

Christ now thirty years old; has been baptised and received special
outpouring of Holy Ghost (ver. 33), and also been tempted in the
wilderness (St. Matt. iv. 1). Is now ready for His public work and
ministry. Now begins to win disciples.

I. =The first two Disciples= (35-40). _Heard of Him._ Picture Christ
walking near the Jordan. St. John, who had baptised Him, points Him
out to his followers. Describes Him: this the Lamb of God to Whom
all the sacrifices pointed; the innocent lamb slain told of the
death of the spotless Son of God for man's sin. His words went home.

_Followed Him._ Who were they? Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, and
probably St. John, writer of the Gospel, brother of James. Why did
they follow? To learn more of Him. Had been baptised with baptism of
repentance. Sense of sin led them to seek the Saviour. Christ knew
their thoughts, encouraged them to learn more of Him (St. Matt. xi.
28, 29).

II. =The third Disciple= (41, 42). The two friends separate the next
day, each in search of his brother. Andrew soon finds his - eagerly
tells the news. They have found the long-expected Messiah, the
Anointed of God. Brings Simon to Christ. No greater proof possible
of having really found Christ than bringing another to Him. Christ
looks with eager and searching eye at Simon - reads his very heart,
sees his longing after truth; gives him a new name, Cephas (Hebrew)
or Peter (Greek), meaning "a rock" or "stone." What did this
signify? His bold and determined character, strong in the faith (St.
Matt. xvi. 16), eager in defence of Christ (xviii. 10), and, after
his fall and forgiveness, strong in love (xxi. 15).

III. =The fourth Disciple= (43, 44). Philip of Bethsaida. Must have
heard his friends talking of Christ. Probably stirred in his heart.
Christ found him, as He afterwards found Zacchæus St. (Luke xix. 5).
His mission to seek as well as to save. Happy they who obey Christ's
call and follow Him.

IV. =The fifth Disciple= (45, 46). Philip soon shows marks of
discipleship. He finds Nathanael. Tells him how Christ fulfilled
prophecies, such as of a "prophet" like unto Moses, a "king" whose
name should be "the Lord our righteousness" (Jer. xxiii. 5, 6).
Nathanael asks in honest doubt if it can be possible for the Messiah
to come from despised Nazareth. Philip did not argue, but bade him
"Come and see" - the best cure for all doubts.

=Lessons.= From the Baptist: The dying Saviour the greatest magnet
for drawing souls.

From Andrew: Show religion first at home.

From Simon: Taste and see how gracious the Lord is.

From Philip: Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God.

From Nathanael: Hearken unto me, and I will teach you the fear of
the Lord.

"There's Another."

A traveller lost in the snow on the Alps was rescued by one of the
famous dogs of St. Bernard. When restored to consciousness his first
words were, "There's another." The monks to whom the dogs belonged
continued their search, and "the other" was found and saved. "Are
you saved?" Is there not another whom you can rescue from sin and
bring to the life of God?

[Illustration: Short Arrows]

Short Arrows


The Quiver Santa Claus.

Last month we published full particulars of our scheme to provide
Christmas Stockings for the many poor and friendless little ones who
are not on Santa Claus's visiting list, and we appeal to our readers
for their hearty practical co-operation in this work. Each stocking
will contain wholesome goodies, in the shape of cake and sweets, in
addition to an unbreakable toy and a Christmas card. The Proprietors
of THE QUIVER have headed the subscription list with a donation of
£25, which is sufficient to provide the contents of


a sum of =one shilling= being sufficient to furnish a stocking and
pay the postage. But, as we can profitably distribute _thousands_ of
such presents, we confidently look to all lovers of the children to
lend their generous aid, in order that as many as possible of the
destitute little mites may have their Christmas brightened by such a
welcome gift. We shall also be glad to receive recommendations from
our readers of suitable cases for the receipt of the stockings, and
for this purpose the special application form to be found in our
Extra Christmas Number ("Christmas Arrows") should be used. As the
time is short, contributions for the Christmas Stocking Fund should
be sent =at once= to the Editor of THE QUIVER, La Belle Sauvage,
London, E.C., and all amounts of one shilling and upwards will be
thankfully acknowledged in our pages.


A Curious Alms-box.

In the interesting parish church of Pinhoe, near Exeter, appears a
very curious alms-box surmounted by the figure of a man who seems,
from his costume and general character, to date from the period of
James I. He holds two books in his hand - representing most probably
Bible and Prayer Book - one of which bears the inscription, "Y^e Poor
Man of Pinhoo, 1700," but from information with which the vicar of
the parish, the Rev. Frederick W. Pulling, has kindly supplied us,
it appears that the books were added in 1879-80, when the church was
restored. Previously the figure held a small flimsy box in front of
him. He was, however, placed on the present handsome oak box bearing
the inscription, "Remember y^e Poor," and the old flimsy box was
removed. The present box was constructed from some very ancient
timber from the roof of Salisbury Cathedral, when under repair.
What the figure was originally intended to represent - whether a
beadle, the dispenser of charities, or a relieving officer - is not
known. Curiously enough, the parish records are quite silent as to
the figure, and when, some time since, it was repaired it was sent
to the eminent antiquary and ecclesiologist, the Rev. Mackenzie
Walcott, who said he had seen only two such figures before. The
wooden backing is of Jacobean style, and was designed by the
architect in 1879 to strengthen the whole structure.

"God Bless the Kernel."

After the marvellous achievements in his two Chinese campaigns,
which were sufficient to have made the reputations of a dozen
ordinary colonels, Gordon came back to England in 1865 as poor as
when he left home. During the next six years, which he spent in
Gravesend as an engineer, the future keeper of Khartoum devoted a
large portion of his leisure to visiting the sick and to teaching
and training many of the ragged and neglected boys of the rough
neighbourhood. So truly did these poor lads love their colonel that
it was not uncommon to see chalked up on the walls the singular
inscription, "God bless the Kernel." Their gratitude was apparently
stronger than their orthography. When Englishmen reflect how Gordon
placed his Divine Master first in every enterprise of his life, they
must feel that no institution intended to honour the dead hero at
Khartoum can be a worthy memorial which is not grounded on the rock
of Christianity.

Christmas Cards and Gift-Books.

Christmas is pre-eminently the season of universal good-will,
and the custom of conveying seasonable greetings by means of the
attractive Christmas card is every year becoming more general.
Amongst the publishers of these mementoes Messrs. Raphael Tuck and
Sons take front rank, and the specimen box of cards, calendars,
story-books, and illustrated texts, recently received from them,
affords ample proof that the variety and artistic excellence which
have always characterised their productions are well maintained this
year. Some of the cards are veritable works of art, and deserve more
than the temporary appreciation usually accorded to such; but the
palm for novelty, both in design and treatment, must be accorded
to the calendars, many of which are most original in conception,
and all are daintily and tastefully produced. - For years past we
have been accustomed to look for a Christmas book from Mr. Andrew
Lang, and this season he has edited an edition of "The Arabian
Nights Entertainments," which Messrs. Longmans have published in a
charming cover, and with a number of clever illustrations by Mr.
H. J. Ford. - Another suitable gift-book for children is "His Big
Opportunity" (Hodder and Stoughton), a brightly written story by
Amy Le Feuvre; whilst for young people what more inspiriting and
interesting work could be presented to them than the life-story of
the pioneer missionary, "Mackay of Uganda," of whose biography a new
illustrated edition has just been issued by the same publishers. - We
have also received the current yearly volumes of our contemporaries,
_Good Words_ and _The Sunday Magazine_ (Isbister & Co.). These would
both form valuable additions to any Sunday-school library, and are
also admirably adapted for use as prizes or presents.

[Illustration: (_From a Photograph._)



An Irishman being bound over to keep the peace against all the
Queen's subjects, said, "Then Heaven help the first foreigner I
meet!" We are reminded of this when we see people civility itself to
a good servant they are afraid of losing, or to the strongest-willed
person in their home, and then relieving their pent-up feelings by
being rude to the rest of the family.

Laughter and War.

"Have you any gods around here?" inquired an English traveller in
rural China. "Oh, yes," replied a venerable Celestial; "the three
Pure Ones, the God of the Fields, and the Goddess of Mercy." "My old
friend, I am afraid your gods are not a few." "Foreign teacher,"
said the old man, "verily, verily, our gods are ten thousand and
thousands of thousands." Some are of stone, others of wood, clay,
or bronze. One may be purchased for a farthing, another will cost
£200. The Laughing God in our illustration is a representation in
coarse pottery of Quantecong, supposed to be the first emperor.
There are laughing Buddhas for sale, and some few images of
beneficent mien; but the great horde are intended to inspire awe
or terror. The second illustration is a well-executed terra-cotta
figure of a deified warrior. The drawn sword and beard are similar
to those of Kwante, the God of War, regarded as the head of the
military department in China. In 1,600 state temples dedicated
to him the mandarins worship once a month, and in thousands of
smaller temples he is honoured with sacrifices of sheep and oxen.
His worshippers believe that he was a general, who just about the
time that the Prince of Peace came to this world in great humility
made the enemies of China to tremble. The elevation or manufacture
of gods is a simple affair. The keeper of an idol shop collects
the heads, limbs, and trunk that he has moulded out of mud, unites
them in one ill-proportioned figure, slips a frog, snake, lizard,
or centipede into the hole in the back, and the idol is ready for
dedication and worship! The calm, colossal Buddha at Peking is
seventy feet high, but it can only witness to a blind feeling after

An Ancient Manuscript of St Matthew.

The romance of New Testament manuscripts is again enlarged; this
time by the discovery of a papyrus fragment containing a part of
the Gospel according to St. Matthew. The precious sheet was found
in the Libyan desert, about one hundred and twenty miles south of
Cairo, by Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt, the discoverers of the _Logia_.
It is thought that this fragment may be older by a hundred years
than any other manuscript of the New Testament hitherto available.
Its value, had it been a whole book instead of two leaves, would
have been priceless. Even so, it is of singular interest. Its
actual history, of course, is beyond discovery, but its appearance
amongst the world of scholars reminds us of the strangely varied
channels through which Greek manuscripts of the New Testament have
come down to us. There is the romantic story of the discovery,
in a monastery on Mount Sinai, of the priceless manuscript known
as the _Codex Sinaiticus_. There is the scarcely less valuable
_Codex Alexandrinus_ which the British Museum now guards; that
came to England as a gift to King Charles I. from a Patriarch of
Constantinople. There is the great manuscript which is one of the
glories of the Vatican Library at Rome, where it is believed to
have been ever since that library was founded. There is the _Codex
Ephraemi_ at Paris, its ancient writing partly legible beneath a
much later work written over it - a manuscript which once belonged

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