Archaeological Institute of America. Southwest Soc.

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pleasant, restful occupation on the sands or under the trees of this
charming little city by the sea.

Keeping in line with the growth of the Chautauqua movement else-
where there has been established a summer school at Long Beach. This
school is conducted under the auspices of the Assembly. It has a full
corps of able instructors. Teachers and progressive men along all
educational lines are furnished here an excellent opportunity for study,
for review, and for recreation.

The little city of Long Beach where the Chautauqua holds its regular
summer assembly is one of the most progressive and enterprising places
in Southern California, and offers to the settler as well as to the casual
visitor a number of advantages which it will be well worth while to con-
sider. It is situated twenty miles due south from the city of Los




THE FINEST DRIVING BEACH ON THE CONTINENT.

Angeles, facing the ocean from a broad level mesa, raised some thirty
feet above the breakers. Back of the city lies a fertile district, level and
well watered where are grown fine crops of grain and hay and from
which much fine fruit is obtained — figs, olives, lemons, oranges, pears,
etc. There are in the section immediately tributary to Long Beach some
thirty or forty thousand acres, all of which is destined to come under
the highest forms of cultivation, and which when thoroughly settled
up will make the little city by the sea an important emporium for local
trade.

At the present time Long Beach is a town of about 1200 or 1300 people,
incorporated as a city, and steadily growing in size. It has eight
churches and a good system of public schools. To show the steady rate
of advance made by the city, the fact may be mentioned that last year
thirty-four new residences were erected.

The climate of Long Beach is peculiarly favored both in summer and



82



LAND OF SUNSHINE.



winter. It is "protected from the western winds that blow from the
ocean by the intervening Palos Verdes Hills and Point Fermin. Directly
to the south of Long Beach lies Santa Catalina, and winds from that di-
rection are intercepted by the high mountains of that island. Thus it
happens that storms of any serious magnitude are practically unknown
and the ocean is rarely unpleasantly rough, and in summer time is
always agreeable for bathing. The summers are always cool and the
winters mild — an effect naturally produced by the nearness of the
water. But the crowning glory of Long Beach is that from which it
takes its name. Between the bluff on which the city stands and the
water's edge is a broad level strip of sand, seven miles in length, cres-
cent-shaped, so wide that fifty teams might trot abreast on it, and as firm




: 0h4&&$



_i



Breaker Photo.



LONG BEACH WHARF.



and even as a billiard table. It is an ideal boulevard for riding or
driving or for a long tramp before breakfast or in the twilight. Beneath
the water the bottom slopes gradually out to sea so that one may wade ■
in a long distance without fear of danger.

A long wharf was constructed several years since by the people of
Long Beach for purposes of traffic and pleasure, extending out into the
the ocean 1500 feet, lighted by electricity, and a favorite place for
fishermen and promenaders.

Long Beach is at the present time one of the most popular summer
resorts in Southern California. While it does not attract the large
crowds of one-day visitors and picnicers that go to some other resorts,
it is especially popular with a quiet class of people that desire to spend
a month or more in some pleasant cottage near the sea. A number of



CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY.



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Sl/RF BATHING.



Photo, by Waite.



these cottages can be rented for the season, and there are, moreover, fair
hotel accommodation for transient guests. The views from the sur-
rounding highlands are some of the most enchanting to be had any-
where in Southern California, especially at twilight.

The summer of 1896 promises to send Long Beach its usual quota of
visitors who will, like all who have preceded them, be charmed with the
city by the sea.




84



A Tented City by the Tide.



V^IRST among Southern California's sea-side resorts stands La Jolla.
»Wk What is the meaning of La Jolla? "The Gem," and admirers
4^ have very truthfully added " of the Pacific."

For many > T ears two or three prominent resorts managed to draw all
the inland summer tourists, not on account of any particular attraction,
but just because they were on a railroad and on an ocean front. Lately,
however, many beautiful spots have been found in out-of-the-way
places, far superior to the old resorts, both as to comfort for the visitor
and grandeur of scenery.

La Jolla has for many 3 T ears been the favorite summer camping
ground of nearly all San Diegans, but now that it is connected by rail
with San Diego, (a 30 minutes ride) and so with the outside world, it
has rapidly pushed itself to the front rank of Southern California sea-
side camping places.




Commercial Eng. Co.



BATHING AND BOATING.



Photo, by -ludsou.



The San Diego Pacific Beach and La Jolla Railway have put forth ex-
traordinary efforts for the coming season, and are thoroughly prepared
to accommodate, and make comfortable the large crowd of cool breeze
hunters that will make this favorite resort their " summer mecca."

Floored tents of all dimensions, seaside cottages, furnished and un-
furnished are ready to receive the tourists, and to those who bring their
own camping outfits, free grounds and water will be furnished.

La Jolla has many conveniences : everything one needs can be pur-
chased on the grounds at lowest market rates.

The scenery is such that the artist can always find something new and
pleasing to mind and eye. The wearing away of the cliffs, under the
constant action of air and water has formed a coast line of fantastic
shapes and grotesque figures, not unlike those found in the "Garden
of the Gods" in Colorado. There are soft sandy beaches where the
breakers roll "As soft as carded wool," and where one can bathe in per-
fect safety. So rapid and decided is the change of the coast line that



A TENTED CITY BY THE TIDE.



85




Commercial Eng Co. L^ JOLLA. • Photo, by Judson.

from the sloping beach of white sand, with its gently rolling surf,
within the distance of 100 yards, you could expose yourself to breakers
and cliffs in which no human being could exist. From these cliffs and
water-worn caves the animal life of the sea can be enjoyed. The seal,
porpoise and whale are frequent visitors, and the smaller fish, so dear to
the rod and line sportsman, abound, and are one of La Jolla's many
attractions. The lovely California sea moss and ferns and the beautiful
abalone shells are found in endless quantities.

These wonderful caves are to California what the noted Mammoth
Caves are to Kentucky. On the south side of the bay the sandstone cliffs
rising almost perpendicular for a hundred feet or more, have been carved
out by the action of the waves for ages, until the whole looks like a
gigantic gothic temple with a few high columns supporting it. Some
of these caves are from 500 to 600 feet deep, with high arched roofs and
domes that carry the observer back to a period when the great breakers
rolled higher and stronger than now. The roof of the mammoth cavern
is dome shaped, while the sand stone surface of the walls and roof is
wonderfully and fantastically frescoed in nature's prettiest hues. Farther
down the interior, where the walls narrow, a passage is discovered leading
to the adjoining cavern, through which the waters rush and return to
the sea.

The man with a gun has a chance even here, for just back of La Jolla,
will be found quail and doves.

There is a very nice boarding place (The Montezuma Cottage) where
meals can be had for 25 cents each or $4.00 per week.

Among the other attractions can be mentioned the bathing, boating
and fishing, donkeys and horses for riding or driving.




THE MAMMOTH CAVES.



Photo, by Jadson.




Cal. Eng. Co. THE BEACH AT TERMINAL ISLAND.

















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Collier, Eng THE INNER HARBOR ACROSS FROM TERMINAL ISLAND. Photo, by Jarvis.



87




Herve Friend, Eng.



REDONDO BEACH.



Photo, by Hill, Pasadena.





Union Eng Co. BATHING AT ARCADIA HOTEL. SANTA MONICA. Photo, by Rile




ON MT. WILSON.



Photo -by Hill, P»s»4ena



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91




Mining in the Southwest.



P (



BY CEO. W. PARSONS.

OETRY and prose have long sounded the praise of
the pioneers of '49, who crossed the plains in those
perilous times and dug and delved in the mount-
ains and valleys of the New El Dorado for the elusive pot
of gold over which the rainbow of promise-shed its allur-
ing rays.

Ever since has followed a long procession of hunters of
gold and silver, those precious metals, which, according to
Ex-Gov. Prince of New Mexico, lie buried in mother earth
in the proportion of sixteen to one.

The northern and central parts of the State were, for
good reasons, the objective points of those early comers ;
but time and patience are the essence of the mining busi-
ness, and at last the interest has traveled southward.

In spite of the many and wonderful developments in our
mining industry, until recently no headquarters had been
established in the leading city of the south, where mining
men and those interested in that particular part of the
development of the country could meet and organize for
mutual benefit and for the advancement of the mining business on
legitimate lines.

With that purpose in view, an organization was recently effected
composed of leading men in the local mining world, and on Tuesday
evening, May 26th, the formal opening of the Eos Angeles Mining and




Mausard-Collier Eng. Co. Photo, by R. E Nickel

DEEP MINING, SHOWING GOLD-BEARING QUARTZ VEIN.

Stock Exchange was held in rooms well adapted for the purpose and
centrally located at 318 West Second Street.

The interest manifested upon that occasion marks' an epoch in the
history of the development of this branch of our resources in this part
of the State, and gives great promise for the future in mining opera-
tions. The spacious rooms were crowded and enthusiasm was un-
bounded.

The following appointments were made :

Officers: A. H. Judson, president; J. A. Fairchild, vice-president;
H. M. Russell, treasurer ; F. J. Cooper, secretary ; Los Angeles National
Bank, depositary.



9 2



MINING IN THE SOUTHWEST.



Directors : A. H. Judson, H. M. Russell, Chas. Wier, Geo. W. Par-
sons, J. A. Fairchild, P. L. Griffin, E. T. Loy, F. C. Garbutt, E. K.
Alexander.

Committees : Executive Committee. — Geo. W. Parsons, F. \V. Edel-
sten, Richard Garvey. Finance Committee.— H. M. Russell, F. Groen-
endyke, S. J. Parsons. Listing Committee on Mining Properties, Stock
and'Bouds.— F. C. Garbutt, B. Salazar, J. H. Hurin, P. L. Griffin, H. M.
Russell. Listing Committee on Other Stocks and Bonds. — Chas. Wier,
J. H. Bryant, R. D. Wade, J. F. Bumiller, R. W. Poindexter. Arbitra-
tion Committee.— E. T. Loy, C. Edgerton, C. White Mortimer. Mem-
bership Committee— J. A. Fairchild, Osias Willis, F. D. Lantermau.
Committee on Rules — E. K. Alexander, G.J. Griffith, C. A. Stilson,
G. F. Franger, A. W. Kinne.

The Exchange is founded upon sound business principles, as the by-
laws show, and covers all operations incident to such an organization,
including the listing of all reputable mining and other properties of a
similar nature, oil stocks, bank securities, etc., etc.

To show the necessity of this organization, it may be well to brief!}'
summarize and let the reader realize what is being done around and
about him outside of the horticultural and agricultural world, in the
mountains and canons which are now resounding to the music of the
drills and the roar of stamps.

Southern California has a total of 125 quartz mills, with an estimated
number of men mining tor wages of about three thousand, while the
total number of those mining for wages and otherwise is placed at nearly
six thousand. The total capital invested is given at $15,500,000. It is
plain that the mining industry is one of large magnitude, full of activity,
and contributes very materially to the support of the country. Com-
paratively few are aware that the largest mining country tributary to
any one city will soon be practically within our reach, whose develop-
ments the past few years indicate a richness surpassing anything known.
Southern California, Southern Nevada, Southern Utah, Arizona, Western
New Mexico and the three northwestern states of the Republic of Mexico,
Chihuahua, Sonora and Sinaloa, constitute a vast territory, rich in
mining possibilities, and with the advent of the Salt Lake railroad and
extension of other transportation facilities, there can be no question as
to the direct practical benefits which will inure to the city of Los An-
geles from the development of this vast area of hidden wealth.

I can do no better in closing this brief article than
to quote the concluding paragraph of the report
prepared by the Mining Exchange committee, and
made at the opening of the Exchange :

" It is the aim of this association to assist to the
utmost the development of the resources
of this vast empire, to foster them in
every legitimate way, and to bring to
Los Angeles all its min-
ing business, with the
attendant stimulation of
all branches of trade,
and to this end we ask
the hearty cooperation
of all mining men,
knowing that success
will repay a hundred
fold every effort put
forth and every dollar
expended."




Mansard-Collier Eng. Co.



GOOD NIGHT.



John Wigmore & Sons Co.,

Heavy Hardware

Mining Supplies -GENTS FOR

Iron and Steel. JOHN A - R ° E ^ N fo s *»«£ HUrt



117 SOUTH LOS ANGELES STREET

LOS ANGELES, CAL.



The Machinery Suppfy Co.

i05 North Broadway and 307 West First Street

LOS ANGELES



L.



MINING MACHINERY AND SUFTL ES

From a Horn Spoon to a Smelter

GENERAL WESTERN AGENTS FOR

Snow Steam Pump Works, Buffalo, N. Y.

Oil City Boiler Works, Oil City, Pa.

A. L. Ide & Son (Ideal Engines), Springfield, III.
Rumsey & Co., Lt'd (Pumps), Seneca Falls, N. Y.

The C. & C. Elec. Co. (Dynamos and Motors), N. Y.
Dodge Mfg. Co. (Transmission), Mishawaka, Ind.
— also —

ELECTRIC APPARATUS AND SUPPLIES

ORDERS BY MAIL GIVEN PROMPT A TTENTION.



G. F. GRANGER
Mining' and Investment Broker

Member Los Angeles Mining and

Stock Exchange.

Cor. Second and Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal.

Mining Stocks and Properties bought and sold

Good properties listed on the Exchange, and

given prompt attention. Correspondence solicited.

POlNDEXfER * WADSWORTH

BROKERS
305 "West Second St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Buy and sell Real Estate, Stocks, Bonds and
Mortgages, on commission, make collections,
manage property and do a general brokerage
business. Highest references for reliability and
good business management.



We Sell the Earth—



BASSETT & SMITH

Pomona, cal.

We deal in all kinds of Real Estate
Orchard and Residence property.
Write for descriptive pamphlet.



MORGAN & CO.

Complete Ore Testing Works

Stamp Mill, Cyanide Plant, Etc.

Assaying, Refining, Etc.

Mines Examined and Dealt in.

Office, 260, 26I Wilson Block, Los Angeles



Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sunshine.






Assayers'
Supplies



F. Ul. B^AUf* & CO.

Wholesale Druggists

Los Angeles, Cal.

"*™ CHEMICALS

CHEMICAL APPARATUS

For Laboratories and Assay Off ces
also headquarters for

Cyanide Potash, Peroxide Sodium, Acids, Etc., Etc.

WRITE FOR PRICES



?«HMffKW«Wi»W^



HARPER

&

REYNOLDS

V_»U. WHOLESALE

**HARDWARE«*

152-154 North Main Street

LOS ANGELES. CAL.

fllNERS' SUPPLIES

Picks, Shovels, Rubber Hose, Etc.
Giant Powder, Caps and Fuse,
Black Diamond Steel.





Complete Camping Outfits



Plea»e mention that you " «*w it in the Laud of Suwshih*.'



THE BHVIETAliliIC ASSAY OFFICE

AND CHEMICAL LABORATORY

Assaying in all Its Branches. Determinations Accurately Made.

R. A. PEREZ, MANAGER

Formerly : Chief Assayer El Paso Smelting Works, El Paso, Tex. ; Assistant Chemist Consolidated
Kansas City Smelting and Refining Co., Argentine, Kansas.

(Prompt Returns.) 184 S. MAIN ST., LOS ANGELES, CAL.



The Southern California Lumber Co.

WHOLESALE

PINE AND REDWOOD LUMBER, SHINGLES, LATH,
PILING, TIES, ETC.

Mining "Trade a Specialty.

CHAS. WIER, Manager.
wharves and yards General Offices, Stimson Block,

EAST SAN PEDRO. LOS ANGELES, CAL,



BAKER IRON WORKS

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA

MANUFACTURERS OF

Mining and Milling Machinery

Atlas Engines and Boilers

Worthington Steam Pumps

Water Works Machinery

A Specialty

Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sumshinb."



Union Hardware and Metal Go.



Los Angeles, Sal.



WHOLESALE HARDWARE

MINING
and BLACKSMITHS'
SUPPLIES



Hercules and Black Powder, Fuse, Detonator, Cast Steel,

Miners' Picks, Ames Snovels, Belting, Packing, Wire Rope,
Sheet Steel, Bar, Band and Hoop Iron, Steel Wheelbarrows, etc., etc.



THE POOR MINER'S MILL A SURE MINE OPENER AND DEVELOPER.'




Patented in the United States, Canada,

Central and South America,

and Mexico.

This is a Portable Mill ; a sure Winner ; its
durability cannot be excelled. Its cheapness
of operations gives greater and more perfect
results than all other mills. All parts of this
mill are fully guaranteed for six months. We
use the best and most lasting material in its
construction. We build any size mill desired
(in proportion), on the most reasonable terms.
We also furnish two sets of Power striking
steel Springs with each mill.

Extra Springs will be furnished on order,
per set, up to Size No. 3 for $75.00.

Size 6 to No. 10 Mills will be furnished for
$100.00.

Size of Mill No. 2 will have 4 ft. of 4 oz.
silver to 5 ft. of 16 oz. copper plate. All other
Mills have from 12 ft. to 16 ft., same quality.

All communications must be addressed to
Capt. A. B. SMITH,

Inventor and Patentee.

Office with Messrs. Wilde & Strong,

228 W. Fourth Street.

Baker Iron Works, Manufacturers,

Los Angeles, Cal.



Number of I Weieht of | Capacity of
Sumps I Kill Ore Crushed

" Hill Complete in 12 hours.



Horse Power



t 175 00
250 00
350 00

850 00
1550 00



Furnished Complete with Plates

•' Plates, Pullev and Belt.
" Plates, Pulley and Belt



Please mention that you " «aw it in the Land of Sckshiic*."



Hubbard ^loue f\ m Broifters



358



Bf?0.4DW,4Y, LOS .4/VGELES, C/*L.



Developed Gold, Silver and Copper Mines in California, Arizona and Old Mexico. All properli,
Examined be/ore being offered for sale.



Lacy Manufacturing Company



HANUFACTURER

STEE



I WATER PIPE



Well Casing:, Oil Tanks and General
Sheet Iron Work.

IRRIGATION SUPPLIES

Works, corner New Main and Date Streets.

Office, Room 4, Baker Block
Telephone 196 Los Angeles, Cal.

DEALERS IN
CHST IRON PIPEs



GRIDER & DOW

REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENT
BROKERS

ESTABLISHED 1881-IN LOS ANGELES

We invite correspondence with INVESTORS
desiring to buy or sell property in SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA to engage in MANUFACTURING
or other lines of business.

We have RANCHES and FARMING LANDS,
and LARGE TRACTS desirable for COLONIZA-
TION Purposes. ORANGE, LEMON and ENG-
LISH WALNUT Groves. CITY property for sub-
division. BUSINESS BLOCKS and BUSINESS
PROPERTY for sale. BUSINESS OPPORTUN-
ITIES in commercial and manufacturing lines.
References: Leading Business Men and Banks in
Los A ngeles.
OWNERS AND SOLE AGENTS
ForKincaid -Philbin -Grosser Fletcher Montezuma
Clanton Central Ave. Briswalter and Adams Street
Tracts.

Send for illustrated Catalogue of Farms and
City Property.

Mining Properties Wanted. We are in a
position to buy and sell. Have a cash customer
for a gold or copper proposition. Reports
furnished.

OFFICE: 139 SOUTH BROADWAY.



wm. T. smith. WM. T. SMITH & CO.'S james irving.

7VYI1NI1NG G^TVSF 3

This camp is located at 128 North Main Street, Los Angeles, California, in the large hall formerly
occupied by the Supreme Court. It contains desks fully equipped with writing material, etc., tables
and chairs, and will at all times have on file the leading mining papers and standard daily and weekly
periodicals. There is also a bulletin board where mine owners can advertise for miners, mill men,
etc., and in fact notices of all kinds can be posted thereon.

It contains a long table divided into compartments where prospectors can have their ore on exhibi-
tion, leaving a typewritten or printed description of the location of their ledge and their assay
certificates.

The hall will be open from 7:00 a. m. till 6:00 p. m., and all persons connected with mining interests
are perfectly welcome, and there will be no charge whatever made for the use of the camp.

Our object in establishing this camp is to bring the prospectors, miners and capitalists in closer and
more friendly contact, and at the same time thereby advertise the firm of Win. T. Smith & Co.,
Gold and Silver Kefiuers and Assayers, 1x8 North Main Street, Los Angeles, Cal.



LOY St HURIN



Dealers



i« Mines

Mining Stock

Investments



We have for sale, and control by bond or agree-
ment, some of the best Gold, Copper, Silver and
Lead mines in California, Arizona, Nevada, Mexico
and Lower California.

We have good properties to lease and and
bond. We have a few choice placer prop-
erties. We have properties in which owner will

give an interest for development work or machinery, We are handling some of the best Mining Stocks,
and can offer good investments for large or small amounts,

California Gold Stocks are cheaper today than any other on the market — no boom prices yet.
Correspondence solicited from parties looking for Mining investments.

LOY St HURIN
338 South Broadway, Los Ang-eles, Cal.

Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sunshine."



Tb€ I^ai\d of £>ai\Sbii\e

THE MAGAZINE OF CALIFORNIA
AND THE SOUTHWEST

$1.00 a Year. io Cents a Copy.

Foreign Rates $1.50 a Year.

Published monthly by

The Land of Sunshine Pubfi&fiino Co.

INCORPORATCD

SOI -SOS Stimson Building, los angeles. cal.

Entered at the Los Angeles Postoffice as second-
class matter.

Address advertising, remittances, and other
business to F. A. Pattee, Business Manager.

All MSS. should be addressed to the Editor.
No MSS. preserved unless accompanied by re-
turn postage.

Advertising business East of the Middle States
should be referred to the E. Katz Advertising
Agency, 230 234 Temple Court, New Y'ork City.

THE GREAT "ROUND-UP."

The American Newspaper Directory
for 1896, recently issued by Geo. P. Row-
ell & Co., New York, should be examined
by every advertiser who prefers cold facts
to the ingenious representation of unscru-
pulous solicitors.

It not only renders painfully amusing
the presumptive announcements kept
standing on the front pages, and else-
where, of publications which have never
dealt in figures, but it also makes clear
the real value of an unfortunate feature
of the Directory itself of which desperate
publications are taking advantage in or-
der to mislead advertisers.

This feature, which is rather urged up-
on publishers (for $10. oo), means nothing,
and is therefore safely guaranteed ($100.
worth) by the Directory. For ex-
ample, it may state that in all the far
West and the Pacific Coast, a certain
pan-cake journal has the largest circu-
lation of any publication devoted to the
household. That another publication
has the largest devoted to transporta-
tion and traveling. Such statements
would by no means signify that these
publications have larger circulations
among households and travelers than
many other publications which cover
these fields better, and other fields also,
and it should not be so construed.
Its Value.

The great value of the Directory lies
in the fact that it contains the location
and description of nearly every regular
publication in the United States, together



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