Archaeological Institute of America. Southwest Soc.

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— quick — quick before we go back — that other world — you do not know
— you cannot understand " —

Her voice died away. From farther and farther its tones seemed to
come, until they mingled with the sobbing of the rain. Her tawny
hair melted into the dancing, leaping flames, her bright skirt faded into
the Mexican rug spread before the hearth. Upon the empty chair where
Korasky had been lying the fire-light cast sorrowful, fantastic, diabolic
flashes ; against the chimney-corner where Ramon had leaned lingered
only a brown shadow. Juan and the hairless dog were gone, too ; and
Carter found himself standing dazed and solitary in his room.

Pasadena. Cal.




TO CONSERVE THE MISSIONS
AND OTHER HISTORIC
LANDMARKS OF SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA.



!>■>,



OFFICERS:
President, Chas. F. Lummis.
Vice-President, Margaret Collier Graham.
Secretary, Arthur B Benton, 114 N. Spring St.
Treasurer, Frank A. Gibson, Cashier 1st Nat. Bank.
Corresponding Secretary Mrs M E. Stilson.

913 Kensington Road, Los Angeles.



Frank A. Gibson.
Henry W O'Melveny.
Rev. J. Adam.
Sumner P. Hunt.
Arthur B Benton.
Margaret Collier Graham.
Chas. F. Lummis.



ADVISORY BOARD: Jessie Benton Fremont, Col. H. G. Otis, R Egan, W. C. Patterson, Adeline
Stearns Wing, Geo. H. Bonebrake, Tessa L Kelso, Don Marcos Forster, Chas Cassat Davis, Miss M. F. Wills,
C D. Willard, John F. Francis Frank J. Polley Rev. Wm. J. Chichester, Elmer Wachtel, Maj. H. T. Lee,
Rt Rev. Joseph H Johnson, Bishop of Los Angeles.
J. T. Bertrand, Official Photographer



The first attempt to do something for the preservation of the Southern California
Missions was made in Los Angeles a few years ago. Miss Tessa L. Kelso, then in
charge of the city library, was largely instrumental in organizing the " Association for
the Preservation of the Missions," and in arousing interest in the matter. Members of
the Historical Society, and others, were also active. Several excursions were had,
many pictures showing the need of saving our landmarks were gathered, and some
money was raised by entertainments, subscriptions, etc. The departure of Miss Kelso
for the East, where she is now with the Scribners, caused the matter to be dropped,
and the Association passed quietly away. A couple of years later, as there was no more
to be hoped from the defunct Association, the Landmarks Club was formed on new
lines — though including the more enthusiastic of the earlier workers — was incorporated
under the laws of the State, and has ever since been actively at work. It has raised
and applied over $1000 ; and the signal results achieved have been already noted in
these pages. Now — as briefly acknowledged in the last issue — Miss Kelso has turned
over to the Club the balance of $90 raised by the old association.

It is the intention of the directors of the Landmarks Club to begin work on the
roof of the big adobe church at San Juan Capistrano as soon as there is a sufficient sum
in the treasury to insure the completion of the repairs. It is hoped that this will be the
case by the first of August, as it is important that this roof shall be finished and the
cloister roof rendered waterproof before the autumn rains.

The Club has reason for congratulation in the interest which the excursion to San
Juan has aroused, and there is every indication that the subscription committee will be
able to raise the small amount necessary to complete the work there before fall.

The architects who have charge of the Mission repairs will visit San Fernando at
an early day and report to the board the condition of the building there and the proba-
ble expense of preserving the same.

The Club has passed resolutions protesting against the destruction ot old and valu-
able trees along the streets of the cities and towns of Southern California, and has
ordered copies of these resolutions sent to the trustees of all incorporated cities in the
vicinity of Los Angeles.

The membership committee report the following additions to the list :

Dr. E. L. Townsend, Mrs. J. O. Wheeler. Mrs Wm. Pridham. James B. Lanker-
sham, Mrs. F. C. Howes, Mrs. C. D. Willard, Mrs. F. K. Rule, MissG. Dominguez, Mrs.
C. Wilson, Mrs. Rosana, Herman W. Hellman, J. G. Brennan, T. D. Stimpson, Fred-
erick Eaton, Mrs Alfred Solano, Mrs. Geo. W 7 . King. Mrs. J. Murietta, Mrs. G. Kerck-
hoflf, Mrs. C. Seligman, Mrs. H. Newmark. Mrs. Leon Loeb. C. F. A. Last, M. L.
Polaski, Mr. Schroder, Mr. Maxwell, J. J. Choate. Bob Kern, John Bryson, Wm.
Flemming, M. Frank Foster, Robert M. Weed, all of Los Angeles. *

Miss Helen Wilkinson, New York ; Mrs. H. W. Diuncanson, Chicago ; Mrs.
H. Washington. Shorbs Station, Cal.; Mrs. Fortune, Shorbs Station, Cal.; Mrs. C.
L. Sheller, Shorbs Station, Cal. James H. Hill. South Pasadena, Cal.



An Invitation.

BY CHARLOTTE PERKINS STETSON

Aren't you tired of protection from the weather ?
Of defense guards and shield ?
Aren't you tired of the worry as to whether
This year the farm land yield ?

Aren't you tired of the wetness and the dryness,
The dampness and the hotness and the cold ?
Of waiting on the weatherman with shyness
To see if the last plans hold ?

Aren't you tired of the doctoring and the nursing;
Of the "sickly winter " and the pocket pills?
Tired of sorrowing and burying and cursing
At Providence and undertaker's bills?

Aren't you tired of all the threatening and doubting-
The " weather-breeder " with its lovely lie —
The dubietj- of any sort of outing —
The chip upon the shoulder of the sky ?

Like a beaten horse who dodges your caresses,
Like a child abused who ducks before your frown —
Is a Northerner in our warm air that blesses —
O come and live and take your elbow down !

Don't be afraid ! You do not need defenses —
This heavenly day breeds not a stormy end —
Lay down your arms — cut off your war expenses —
This weather is your friend !

A friendliness from earth, a joy from heaven,
A peace that wins your frightened soul at length —
A place where rest as well as work is given —
Rest is the food of strength.



A Jackrabbit Round-up.



A measureless mesa, a brush-covered plain ;
A square here and yonder of glimmering grain ;
A scattering, skirmishing, pioneer band,
Unhindered by hardship, subduing the land.

A hurrying, scurrying, scampering host —
A legion of long-ears — a million almost ;
A square here and yonder of vanishing grain ;
A council of war and a cunning campaign.

A spacious stockade and a wide-open door —
A wing from each flank for a furlong or more ;
A cordon of cavalry beating the brush ;
A long-legged army engaged in a rush.

A panick, pattering into the pen ;

A following squadron of horses and men ;

A shutting of gates and a slaughtering brief;

For the victors a cheer !

And a barbecued beef.

Wajr-up Ranch*, East Highlands, Cal.




There are, after all, but two languages in the New World. It
is true that some thousand other tongues are spoken between
Alaska and Cape Horn, but they do not count. English and
Spanish are — and always will be — the two great commercial and
political mediums of this half of the globe.

Now in Mexico the study of English is compulsory in all public
schools — and be it remembered that under the progressive administra-
tion of one of the great statesmen of the century, as Diaz unquestion-
ably is, the system of education in our neglected sister republic is no
empty word. Free public schools are everywhere. Not only do they
checker the cities ; not an Indian hamlet of a hundred people but has



AND OUR

NEIGHBORS.



All these myriads of Mexicans, in kindergartens, primary schools,
grammar schools, high schools, colleges, night-schools, are learning to
talk English — not because Spanish isn't a good enough tongue for any-
one, but because the Mexican government is bright enough to realize
the value of having two languages. Throughout the whole of Spanish
America (as every scholarly traveler knows) there are vastly more people
who speak at. least two languages than there are in the United States ;
but Mexico is the first country in the New World to enforce the
acquisition of a foreign tongue for the sake of its business advantages.
English will never supplant Spanish in half of America ; but it has
become the great commercial language — and Mexico is going to be
ready to do business.

Now, the other side of the picture. From our southern border to
Patagonia stretches an inconceivable area, several times as large as the
United States and far richer in natural products, vegetable, animal and
mineral. It is occupied by millions now beginning to awaken to the
development of their resources, and has room for millions more of
sharers in that development. The commerce of these countries is
already huge ; it is going to be stupendous beyond imagination. The
German, the Englishman, the Italian, the Frenchman are "getting in
on the ground floor." They learn the language of the country — which
is Spanish • — and it pays them. Only a greenhorn would ever expect to
do business in any country except in that country's native tongue.
Meantime we, who are Americans and next door neighbors calmly doze
while foreigners walk away with the business which should logically
be ours. Americans, even when they settle in these Spanish-speaking
republics, rarely learn Spanish beyond a barbarous smattering. I have
known them to live in the country twenty years and still speak its
language infinitely worse than a two-year-old child would.

Tens of thousands of young people in the United States are studying
to elbow into the overcrowded ranks of law, medicine, stenography and
the like. They will live and die with the one language they were born



122 LAND OF SUNSHINE

into ; shut out from the intellectual growth and the material advantages
of all other tongues. Thousands of college students are "mastering"
French and German — because it is a Continental tradition, and not
because it opens greater literary treasurers or a tithe of the business
chances that Spanish would. And meantime " poor, benighted Mexico "
is seeing to it that her every child shall" have at least two languages at
command — the two languages which dominate the New World.

an It is really painful, the lack of originality among the wealthy

opening people who endow colleges. The founding of a" Hezekiah

Jenkinson Hall " or a " Darius G. Jones Scholarship " — these
are about the frontiers of their inventive genius. For their sakes, as
well as for our own, this is a pity. The monument to their generosity
with money they do not need would be so much more noticeable if it
were not so precisely like every other such monument ; and as for
public utility there are many things that could be taught the under-
graduate with great profit. In some favored college, for instance, might
be established the " Astorbilt Professorship of Horse-Sense," under
which the pupils might be clubbed together — or apart — for their
illumination in the principle that their heads were made not for ware-
houses but for factories. Any university which could teach its students
to think as well as to remember would have a tremendous future ; and
the benefactor who should endow it for this purpose would be immortal.
There are many other chairs which might be founded with advantage to
the manners, morals and mentality of a new generation, and the Lion
will be glad to furnish suggestions gratis to anyone who yearns to do
sometning original and worth while in the way of college endowments.

PURE There is only one thing more monumental than the face of

the gentlemen who send to our newspapers what passes for
Cuban war news, and that is the multitudinousness of the people
who believe they believe them. It avails not that every day discredits
the day before ; that not only the reports which only a fool would think
of accepting, but the stories which could possiblv be true are hourly
proved to be false ; that Consul-General Lee was not after all invited to
witness the customary daily ravishment of Cuban negress maidens by
Captain-General Wey'ler ; that hindquarters of Cuban children are not
the only meat exposed for sale in the carneterias of Havana — the next
story is equally good.

Generally in naked ignorance of the language, innocent of any con-
tact with any responsible person on either side, fed on curbstone rumors,
and peddling these palpable lies for the guidance of a great country in its
foreign relations, the average correspondent would seem capable of
inventing more than a congress of lunatics could believe. But heaven
is kind to the newspapers, and Journalism | with a big Jay) flourishes.
There is always a multitude which will believe faster than anyone can
fake.

Speech is silver, and silence is golden ; and the consistent silverite
maintains the ratio of 16 to I.

We are nationally aware that money makes the mare go. It is easier
to forget how she goes with too much of it. She frequently winds up
by riding her ex-master.

The most captious critic must have noticed recently that this much
slandered nation is still able now and then to cease from the pursuit of
money for long enough to get hoarse with patriotism. It is fortunate
that our plan of government brings to us every lour years such a rest
and change from the money-making spirit as our politics afford.



HAVANA




THAT

WHICH IS
WRITTEN



Every book reviewed in this depart-
ment is read carefully and through.
The reviewer's opinions are worth what they
^|fc>J-«» are worth — but at all events they are his, and not

lazy hand-me-downs from the publisher, nor yet dishonest guesses at
things untried.

The funniest thing about Literature as She is Wrote (at present) is the
total un-necessity of most of her.

It was an excellent idea to arrange the Pacific History Stories '' pacific
as the first volume of a series of readers for Western schools ; HISTORY

and Harr Wagner has retold interestingly the fascinating stories.

romance of Balboa, Magellan, Cabrillo, Drake, the Franciscan Missions,
the Donner Party, the Bear Flag Republic, the discovery of gold, Fre-
mont the Pathfinder, and other things Western. These stories are far
more thrilling, and far more pertinent to be learned by American child-
ren, East or West, than what they generally get in school readers. There
is nothing in the Crusades so romantic as the pioneering of America ;
and Mr. Wagner deserves credit for beginning to teach our children part
of our own American history of which American grown-ups are so
brutally ignorant.

So much the more because the book is for the young it should not be
marred by blunders ; and there are several here which ought to be
removed from the next edition. Balboa's captain was Enciso (not
"Encisco"). It is a serious omission, in telling of Magellan, not to
mention the name of his lieutenant, the first man who sailed around the
world — Sebastian de Elcano. Cabrillo did not discover California. He
sailed up its coast in 1542 ; but Hernando de Alarcon discovered Cali-
fornia in 1540, via. the Rio Colorado. Only innocence of modern
historical science can speak of Pizarro as having "the pirate's heart."
John W. Marshall was not "the first man to see gold in the sands of Cal-
ifornia." Gold was found here a century before Marshall was born;
and was rather extensively mined a decade before his "discovery " at
Sutter's Mill. And it is wrong to teach children so ridiculons a deriva-
tion of " California " as that it is from caliente fomalta. Even a
rudimentary knowledge of Spanish is enough to prove such an
■etymology absolutely impossible. " California " is derived from noth-
ing. It is purely a coined word, "made up" by a Spanish writer of
romance prior to 15 10 — that is, a generation before our California was
seen or heard of by Europeans. He invented it as the name of an
imaginary island peopled with amazons and other popular creatures of
the day. The romance had a wide vogue ; and Cortez, discovering the
peninsula, gave it the name just as someone now might christen a town
"Trilby."

The book quotes from this magazine ; among other things, the close
of Mrs. Fremont's fine tribute to her hero and ours, the Pathfinder.
The Whitaker & Ray Co., San Francisco, 50 cents.



124 LAND OF SUNSHINE

THE T. S. Palmer, M. D., assistant chief of the division of orni-

fugaceous thology and mammalogy, U. S. Department of Agriculture, is

jack. author of The Jack Rabbits of the United States. This 8o-page

pamphlet on the range, habits, depredations of the great American hare
has an interest for the intelligent general reader as well as a value to
the Southwestern farmer and fruitgrower. Not many people realize
how large and entertaining is the theme of Dr. Palmer's report. Four
varieties of Jackrabbit are defined. They range from the Saskatchewan
to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and from the Missouri to the Pacific.
Their destructiveness to crops is considered; and the means which have
been invented in this country and elsewhere to mitigate the pest or turn
it to some utility are fully reviewed. The most interesting and most
effective contrivance for their suppression is the California scheme of
making great " drives," and with these exciting events the author deals
extensively. In one drive in the central part of this State 20,000 rab-
bits were massacred ; and the average has been about 2,000 to the drive.
Dr. Palmer has compiled rather extensive statistics under this head,
probably the first ever published. He does not seem to be aware, how-
ever, that these drives are older than the discovery of America. Cabeza
de Vaca, 360 years ago, describes those which were then an immemorial
custom in northern Mexico. The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico also
made these communal hunts before the dawn of history ; and the rab-
bit-surround remains to this day a special ceremonial among them,,
as the soldier-poet Villagran saw it three centuries ago. The book has
several good illustrations of the modern drive. Dept. of Agriculture,
Washington.

notes Literature loses two worthy minor workers, dissimilar as they

and could well be but both sincere, by the death of Nora Perry

notions. and Kate Field.

Gertrude Smith, author of The Rousing of Mrs. Potter, and of the
Arabella and Araminta Stories, is passing the summer in Southern
California.

Linda Bell Colson, whose articles on Mexican cookery and life have
been enjoyed by many readers of this magazine, died suddenly in Santa
Barbara, May 29th, on her way home to Ottawa. She was that rare
thing, an intelligent and sympathetic traveler, as well as a woman of
lovable character. Her dust will rest in California — under the gentle
skies which prolonged her life by seven peaceful years.

Capt. John G. Bourke, 4th Cavalry, U. S. A., died in the Polyclinic in
Philadelphia, June 8. He was the author of An Apache Campaign, On
the Border with Crook, and scientific works on the Moqui snake dance
aud many other Southwestern topics. A veteran officer, his devotion to
Gen. Crook (our foremost but least peacocked Indian-fighter) probably
militated against his advancement where politics are waged by those in
whose vain mouths the name of Crook was not a pleasant taste. But
Capt. Bourke won longer honors than the army can ordinarily give.
He has contributed largely and well to science, particularly in folklore ;
and at the time of his death was president of the American Folklore
Society.

The older magazines might be proud of The Outlook's monthly " mag-
azine numbers; " and few weeklies in the United States compare with
the Outlook of any week in the year. The seventh annual "Recreation
Number " was the best of the series. Its leading feature was a sym-
posium of "Thrilling Moments" — a very varied collection of actual
incidents in the lives of Henry van Dyke, Rev. C. H. Parkhurst, Gen.
A. W. Greeley, Chas. F. Lummis, Thomas W. Knox, Ernest Ingcrsoll,
Walter Camp, Kirk Monroe, Charles Ledyard Norton, Poultney Bigelow,
and J. H. Sears. There is a deal of good Western matter in this series.



/ u






1 The
Sunset Club.

BY FRED L. ALLES.

»HE city of Los Angeles, peculiarh ,
• situated in being practically cut off \ ^l^r
__ from the rest of the literary world,
is forced to create its own literary atmosphere.
Recognizing the desirability of bringing togeth-
er people of literary tastes and interests. Mr.
Charles Dwight Willard, in May, 1895, suggested to
a number of gentlemen, the organization of a club
in Los Angeles to be modeled, in a measure, on the
lines of the famous Sunset Club of Chicago. The
.suggestion met with instant and cordial response, and
an organization was soon perfected with a member-
ship of sixty, since increased to seventy, to which
number it will probably be limited for some time to
come.

_^ — ■ (f THE ORGANIZATION.

The initial circular sent out, inviting gentlemen to
assist in organizing the Club stated that "The general
lim and obj ect of the Club is to bring together, once a
month, thirty or forty active, intelligent men of Los
\ngeles who are interested in other things besides
money-getting, and who read something more than the
daily newspaper, to discuss subjects of general human
interest that may or may not have an application to
local affairs." This outline of its purpose has been
carefully followed in its organization, and in all of its
discussions. The membership has been made up en-
tirely of people who have ideas of their own, and are
perfectly willing that other men should have ideas ;
len who respect their own opinions, and who re-
pect the opinions of others. The Club adopts no
it-solutions, endorses no public movements of anv _
kind, discusses neither politics nor religion, has / ^ - -^-<^LB^sc9
no dues, no club house, no rules nor b3'-law
in short, is merely an aggregation of tolerar
fellows who are willing to think and lei
think. The Sunset Club contains no
rones. Each member is expected to
;ay something occasionally, if nothing
more than to make a motion or to
ffer a toast. Dress coats and per-
sonalities are not permissible.
"" ere is neither preaching
-or long speeches. In'
HB ^, sri °rt, like its famous"
a! y^kx namesake in Chi
MJm F L3^W "cago,

m



LLAU^



Mm sard-Collier Eng.



Photos by Scholl & Kleokner



5:ecke;. Photo.





" Xo meanness —

Xo vituperation —
Simply tolerant discussion
And Rational Recreation."

THE METHOD OF PROCEEDtTRE

The regular Club meetings are held
once a month, usually the fourth Friday,
the subject for the evening's discussion,
and the three principal speakers, who are
to read prepared papers, having been previ-
ously selected by the program committee. Con-
vening in the dining room of some popular cafe
at sunset (6 o'clock), the members sit down to a
previously ordered dinner, appetizingly spiced with
bright conversation, which occupies two hours. At
eight o'clock, the meeting is called to order by the
President, who announces the subject for discussion,
and on this topic a principal paper of twenty to
thirty minutes is read, followed by two shorter papers
of five to ten minutes each, the latter usually present-
ing another view of the main question than that taken
by the principal speaker, andsthen the subj ect is open
for discussion by the Club members, and this usually
brings out remarks from ten to fifteen gentlemen. At
ten o'clock the meeting is closed by a few felicitous
words from the President, and then the members ad-
journ Three consecutive absences constitute a notice
of resignation, and the attendance has been from forty
to fiftv, which is a very high average in a club whose
members are all prominent in the professional and
commercial life of a very busy little city. i __

THE CLUB OFFICERS.

At the first meeting of the Club the following
officers were elected, and they are still in service :
President. Judge Enoch Knight; Vice-President,
Charles Dwight Willard; Secretary, Fred L. Alles;
Treasurer, Louis F. Vetter.

MONTHLY PROGRAMS.

The range of the discussions indulged in by
the Club is best shown by the following out-
line of its programs thus far— thirteen meet-
ings having been held up to July ist: " The
Sunset Club, its proposed plan of organi-
zation:" C. D. Willard, Rev. Burt Estes
Howard, W. C. Patterson. " Gold and
Silver Coinage:" Theodore S. Van
Dyke, H. Z. Osborne, H. C. White-
head. " Party Influence in Lo-
cal Government." Prof. Chas.
H. Keves. J S. Slauson,
Abbot Kinney. "The
New Woman:" L.
E. Mosher, "






iii iii run



Steckel, P hoto.



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