Archaeological Institute of America. Southwest Soc.

Out west (Volume 5) online

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Printed on wall-paper, trimmed bias, it sees the Lark and goes it one
better — being undoubtedly the experienced afterthought of the same
genius. It is founded on the always attractive plan of printing the re-
jected contributor, and is the extremest of all the clever guys up to date.
It is a quarterly ; price " 16 cents a number, $16 a year." Of course it
comes from San Francisco.

It is a credit to the conscience of the large Eastern publishing honest
houses that the magazines it has become a fashion for them to AND

issue, for purposes not exclusively sanitary, are so genuinely
worthy of the name. The Bookman, for instance — and it is one of the
best instances — is far in advance of some of the monthlies of enormous
circulation and pretense. Admirably edited, full of competent and
timely articles and independent opinion, it is becoming a necessity to
such as would keep track of the literary procession. Dodd, Mead & Co.,
N. Y. ; $2 a year.

It is so much pleasanter to praise honest literary or scientific the
work than to score the dishonest ; not only as a text, but as a shining

. . T , ,. . , . . EXCEPTION,

patriotism. In these little-scrupulous days, when every ignor-
amus who can hold a pen feels full-licensed to write he knows not what
and God knows why — it is blessed to welcome every sincere writer who
holds his peace until he knows what he is talking about. Harper's
Magazine for September has an article by T. Mitchell Prudden, entitled
" A Summer Among Cliff-Dwellings." I do not remember to have heard
of Mr. Prudden before : but his article is so much superior to the usual
magazine article on the West that it merits warm praise. It is pleas-
antly written, with modest disclaimer of scientific wisdom as to the
" Cliff- Dwellers ; " but an expert in the field does not find a word of
fault with its statements or surmises. In a word, it is popular wcrk
based on the proved truth ; and that makes it rare in magazinedom.

This month's charming frontispiece is from a character- study the
by the dean of Mexican photographers, Lorenso Becerril of young

Puebla. The Charro dress, one of the most beautiful national
costumes in the world, is fast passing away in Mexico — more's the pity.
"Civilized" toggery is the thing, now; and the artistic kidskin garb
which so well beset the trim figure of tall Chihuahueno or sturdy
Poblano is growing less in vogue every year. But there are still the
faithful who stick to it ; and Don Lorenso has immortalized as pretty a
lad as ever started right. May he never invest himself in less romantic
fashion !



212 LAND OF SUNSHINE.

here It is more than surprising to find in the Dial, most scrupulous

and of critics, such an impossible spelling as " Honduras," repeated

there. several times in one issue ("Sept. i). Honduras is not Latin

but Spanish; and its literal meaning is "the depths." Mr. Browne

must have been away from home when the correspondent fell into them.

Weary unto death of the bibelot swarm — blab-a-lot would better fit
most of them — the toiler after the periodical procession finds a grateful
surprise in the Autocrat, a like-looking publication from Atlanta. For
it really is written. The editor is Dollie Higbee Geppert ; and the aim
is to express the South. Mrs. Geppert is a bit Southern in her history,
but writes English that is unusually well worth reading.

The Iron Pirate, by Max Pemberton, is " a plain tale of strange hap-
penings on the sea." The happenings are strange enough; and those
who have read the Sea Wolves know how Mr. Pemberton can tell them.
The Globe Library, Rand, McNally & Co., Chicago ; paper, 35 cents.

Every reader of paper-covered novels knows Richard Henry Savage
and his ability to "pile on the agony." His latest curdler, Checked
Through, is included in the Rialto series. Rand, McNally & Co., Chi-
cago ; paper, 50 cents.

The Red Letter succeeds Miss Blue Stocking and the Poster, and is
handsomer than either ; a bibelot and a Bostonian.

The Dial, of Chicago, has entered upon its 21st volume. It is an
honor to the United States ; the sanest, soberest and most dignified lit-
erary fortnightly in America.

Charles Lotin Hildreth, whose verse in the periodicals of the East
ranked him well up among our minor poets, was one of the hundreds
who died of the August heat in New York.

Rand, McNally & Co. have issued a useful and timely compend on
Gold and Silver Coinage, being a collection of the laws thereon enacted
bv congress from the organization ot the federal government to the
present time. Paper, 50 cents.

The divorce in the house of Stone & Kimball does not seem to have
prejudiced the better half in Chicago. Even handsomer than ever are
the new books from the press of H S. Stone & Co. If there is better
taste in any publishing house in America it is kept under a bushel. And
the Chap Book goes on conquering and to conquer.

The newest of the birds of a feather — the singular is admirably in-
dicative of their average plumage — is The Magpie, of Charlottesville,
Va., " published monthly with as much promptness as circumstances
will permit." It is not nearly so bad at the start as some, and has as
much time as any of them to improve in.

Dr. Washington Matthews, U. S. Army, who contributes to this num-
ber an interesting and authoritative article on Navajo songs, passed many
years on the New Mexican frontier and is universally recognized as the
foremost living student of the Navajo Indians. Also as one of the most
honorable and competent field-students we have ever had in the West.
His article will be supplemented next month by a consideration of the
same text from the point of view of the greatest expert in aboriginal
music, Prof. John Comfort Fillmore.

Unless a doctor's certificate shall attribute to some other cause the de-
cease (just announced) of the New Bohemian, Cincinnati, the general
presumption will be that it bragged itself to death. One can be sorry
for the heartache involved in the smash of any publication, and still
realize that it is an optimistic sign of the times if there were not, after
all, enough credulous incompetents to support a " magazine" boldly
published as an asylum for whatever had been rejected by intelligent
editors.



2I 3



As Told by Heliograph.




BY J. TORREY CONNOR.

" An instrument called the heliograph, or sun tele-
graph, constructed with small mirrors made to turn
upon both a horizontal and vertical axis, mounted
upon a tripod, so arranged as to make the flashes
appear and disappear in rapid succession, is to a
limited extent in use in the army ; and by it mes-
sages may be transmitted much faster than with
flags or torches, and it can be used at longer
ranges. It is manipulated by a key, similar to the
electric telegraph instrument. Mirror signaling
was first used by the North American Indians."
On the 23d of August, '96, sixteen men of the Los
Angeles Signal Corps, National Guard of California,
were detailed to open a signal station at Wilson's Peak.

The highway to the Peak is a trail so narrow that two may not walk
abreast, with a sheer wall of rock, crowned with a scrubby growth, on
the one hand, and on the other shadow-haunted canons of unknown
depths.

At 8 o'clock p. M., the foot of the trail was reached. It was a perfect
night ; the moonlight filtered through the leafage overhead, dappling
the path with silver. At first gradually ascending, the trail circled the
slopes, turning and doubling on itself. Then came perpendicular stretches
and downward dips, where we climbed and coasted alternately.

It was midnight when our journey ended. The camp fire built and
the packs unloaded, each man rolled himself in a blanket, and made the
bare earth his bed. At 5 o'clock a bugle call roused the sleepers, and
at 9 o'clock the station was opened.

A heavy fog had rolled up from the sea during the night, and the
peaks of the Sierra Madre alone were visible above the shrouding mists.
Somewhere on the horizon, with seventy-five miles of land and water
between us, was the island of Santa Catalina, on the topmost peak of
which a second signal station had been established.

The sky was anxiously swept with glasses, but where was Catalina ?
The curtain of fog began to lift after a time, disclosing the shining
valley far below, laid out in vineyards, orchards and gardens, like the
squares of a great checker-board ; but an obstinate bank of fog still ob-
scured "Blackjack," the point toward which all eyes were turned.
Several attempts at long-distance signaling had previously been made,
without success; another failure was predicted, as hour after hour
passed and still no answering flash to our repeated signals. Suddenly
the man at the telescope shouted excitedly : " There it goes ! " Presently
we all saw it, — a steady, white light, and then flash ! flash ! flash ! as
the instrument spelled out their greeting.

One of the men seized the heliograph blank, and transcribed this
message :

Black Jack, Catauna Island, 8-23, '96.
To Lieut. Lawrence :

Success at last.

Corp. Washburn.
In answer to which the following message was sent :

Mt. Wilson, 8-23, '96.
To Corp. Washburn :



We hold the coast record.



SERGT. Kinsky.



See illustration next page.




215



With Cycle and Camera.



BY CHARLES FULLER GATES.

/£/J2N^HE world is mine! " exclaimed Monte Cristo. How much
^"'1 more that remark would have meant, if he had had a modern
A bicycle and camera !

A wheel extends one's horizon vastly, but a convenient camera makes
it possible to preserve every scene. These grand old Missions of the
Southwest, so interesting and picturesque, have been photographed
hundreds of times by commercial photographers ; but though it is
possible to purchase these pictures in all sizes, a camera of your own
gives you new views and odd corners that only you yourself can catch —
at least, all amateurs think so.

One quiet Sunday — all Sundays seem quiet when you can get away
from the populace — I strung my camera over my shoulder, and with a
lady and a gentleman on a tandem for company, rode with my always
willing wheel off towards Cahuenga, bound for San Fernando's sacred
ruins.

Being in mid-summer, the day was warm, of course, but it was hot
when we climbed the grade up into the pass ; and when we pedaled
across the wide expanse of valley between Encino and the Mission it
was fairly tropical. We did not suffer from the heat, though, for we
had dressed lightly, as all sensible travelers do, or should do, and I




Illustrated from photos, by the author.



216



L.AND OF SUNSHltSl



found a garb, sirniliar to what
the early Californians wore, a
luxury, although inexpensive.
The roadside tavern at the
foot of Cahuenga Pass is a
pleasant, shady place on a
warm day, and we were loth
to leave it. Up in the pass,
road-builders had been at work
improving the grade, and, as
the new road surface was very
like a well cultivated field of
summer fallow, we found our
throats dry, so a cool stream
was very refreshing to the party,
as was the relish of water cress





nJ^iMm^^M




my friend was gathering when
I turned the camera in that
direction.

At Encino we took a long
rest and an al fresco lunch be-
fore beginning the ten mile ride
straight across the hot valley.

On reaching the Mission,
drinking the cool water and
bathing our dusty faces, we
rested awhile in the shade of
the old church. While we were
finishing our lunch here, one of
the ranch men brought us a



WITH CYCLE AND CAMERA.




" monkey- face owl " which had

been pushed out'of its nest on

a rafter of the ruins. My com-
panions were so pleased that

they wanted a photograph of

the queer little fellow. As we

could not carry the owl home

on the long return ride, we

managed to get him back in the

nest, although, I am sorry to

say, his brothers and sisters

were not glad to receive him,

and the little descendants of the

Mission Indians — who had

come to the funeral of one of

their companions in the Mission

cemetery — began to throw bits

of adobe at the nest, which had

thus been brought to their at-
tention. Of course we stopped

them, for the time being, as we

crossed through the old church

to where the dead child was being interred in the usual shallow grave.

No doubt, boy fashion, the j uveniles returned later and tortured to death

the poor little owlets with the funny little faces.

Back of the olive grove of the fathers, which was half destroyed

during the boom, we found the hnndred-year-old cactus, and ate a

prickly pear from
it. Of course we
looked into the old
vault, under that
part of the main
building now used
as a Mission, and
the photograph of
the entrance is at
least different from
any I have seen.

In many ways I
think San Fernan-
do Mission the
most interesting of
the Missions. And
it seems terrible to
see it going to ruin
so fast. The great
main building,
which was, I sup-




2i» LAND OF SUNSHINE.

pose, the offices of the fathers, with corridor fronting on the great plaza,
is now desecrated by bits of harness, old wagons, grain bags, a kitchen
and sleeping quarters for the ranch hands, and all sorts of odds and ends
that accumulate about a big ranch. The big court in the rear, on which
the church or Mission proper fronts, is a farm yard now, and half filled
with wagons, a threshing machine and hay and grain racks. Hogs are
everywhere, and an open-air slaughtering place is located in this ancient
Mission garden on the site of the first Mission, which was built a decade
earlier than the present one.

About sixty-five acres here were deeded by the government to the
church, I am told, and still belong to it. On this land stand the Mission
buildings and the great wall, the olive orchard, the famous palms, and
the fountains. Most of this sacred ground is now used as a hog ranch,
while parts of the buildings are occupied by the land and water com-
pany which owns the great San Fernando ranch, with its thousands and
thousands of acres, of which five thousand were in grain when I visited
the Mission. One section of the great main building, with the tile roof
still in good repair, is used to cure lemons, which are grown in the
orchard, two miles square, off to the north a half mile away.




A CORNER OF THE MISSION.



The most noticeable things about San Fernando Mission are the great,
ugly barns, built a few years ago on the north side of the main build-
ing, and the equally ugly blacksmith shop, which stands right in front
of the sacred pile, spoiling the view of the Mission proper. What a
shame that so historic a ruin should be so marred for the sake of con-
venience to ranch hands ! Why could not the wealthy owners of the
great San Fernando ranch have built these barns of adobe in the Mission
style of architecture, and set aside some of the unused land a half mile
away for barn yards and corrals, and thus left the Mission's sacred
ground undefiled? Let us hope that the Landmarks Club will be able
to bring this change about and begin a restoration before the great
crack in the main building destroys that grand structure or the naked
rafters of the old church fall.



In the Van of Progress.

,HIL,E many firms are disposed to grow faint hearted before the present political
uncertainty aid indulge in retrenchment, the enterprising firm of Hawley,
King & Co. have signalized their faith in this locality and themselves by in-
creasing their facilities for securing and handling whatever business there is.
Awake to the fact that customers worth having will go wherever they can be most con-
veniently and completely served, they have recently removed their N. Main Street
Branch to the handsome and commodious building pictured on this page. This struc-
ture was erected by Mr. W. H. Perrv, on the corner of Broadway and Fifth street,
especially for a carriage store, and it will therefore be interesting to note its appoint-
ments.

The firm makes a specialty ot repairing carriages and bicycles, and six men, in-
cluding some of the best mechanics in the city, are employed at this work in the fine,
large basement. The four upper floors are reached both by stairs and a large vehicle
elevator. On the first floor are displayed harness, bicycles and various vehicles from a
$60.00 top buggy to a $1,000 brogham — carriages, rubber-tired phaetons for ladies'
spider, phaetons, Rockaways etc.

The second floor contains traps, buggies, miniature vehicles for children, gents'
driving wagons, fancy, high grade buckboards, trotting wagons and carts of all
descriptions.

On the third floor are seen express wagons, top delivery wagons, 'busses, road and




Graham, Photo.



NEW CARRIAGE REPOSITORY OF HAWLEY, KING & CO.



three-seated vehicles, beach passenger buckboards and fifteen-seated passenger break*.

On the fourth floor is the paint shop and the trimming and setting-up room. A' I
the floors are exceedingly well lighted. The ground measurements of the building
are 60 x 120 feet, and modern ideas have so utilized space that Mr. King, the resident
partner, states that the increased facilities for handling goods will enable them to se 1
at rates cheaper than heretofore.

The firm has recently secured the agency of the Victor bicycle — the standard wheel
in the market. This, together with the famous Keating and a line of medium priced
wheels, gives the firm the lead in the cycle business in this locality.

Hawley, King & Co. still maintain their wholesale aud retail agricultural imple-
ment, farm and spring wagon establishment, which they have had for fourteen year.-,
on the corner of Requena aud Los Angeles streets.

They frequently express themselves in printers' ink as carrying " everything on
wheels," and this is not at all to be doubted when one reads the long list of great
Eastern firms for whom they are Pacific Coast agents. Among these concerns are such
famous names as The Columbus Buggy Co.; New Haven Carriage Co.; Timken Co.;
Geo. Osgood & Co.; Clarke & Co.; Michigan Buggy Co. ; W. A. Patterson Co. ; Racine
Wagon and Carriage Co.; H. A. Moyer, and others. Ji * ■-

0~



fat



£4tl



Th6 I^and of oai\Shii\6 <^^:^<^^^^^ i -



THE MAGAZINE OF CALIFORNIA
AND THE SOUTHWEST



$1.00 a Year. io Cents a Copy.

Foreign Rates $1.50 a Year.



Published monthly by



The Land of Sunshine PuDfishing Co.



501-503 Stimson Building, los angeles.cal

BOARD OF DIRECTORS
W. C. Patterson .... President
Ch as. F. Lummis, V.-Prest. & Managing Editor
F. A. Pattee - Secretary and Business Mgr.
H. J. Fleishman .... Treasurer
Chas. Cassat Davis - Attorney



Entered at the Los Angeles Postoffice as second-
class matter.

Address advertising, remittances, and other
business, to F. A. Pattee, Business Manager.

All MSS. should be addressed to the Editor.
No MSS. preserved unless accompanied by re-
turn postage.

Advertising business East of the Middle States
should be referred to the E. Katz Advertising
Agency, 230 234 Temple Court, New York City.



'•N. W. ATEB & SON,

Newspaper Advertising Agents,
Philadelphia.
Times Building,

800, 80V , 804 Chestnut Street.

Land of Sunshine Pub. Co.,

Los Angeles, Cal.
Dear Sirs:

* * * Our understanding of the term " Circula-
tion" is not embodied in the word " Average]'
which is liable to be misinterpreted. It is the
custom of some publishers to issue occasional
large extra editions ; to add these and the regular
editions together for a given time, and divide the
total by the number of days, weeks or months,
as the case may be, contained within that period.
This is not what we desire.

Averages made up by including one or more
large editions are not fair averages : they are
admissible only when made from a uniform, a
slightly fluctuating, or a steadily growing circula-
tion.

* ******

Sworn detailed statements covering a
period of not less than six months preceding date
of report we consider the strongest kind of
statements that can be made.

N. W. AYER & SON."



JC^^T' ^Ctfo-Zi^f f*f*S-*&«



i*^§& -f^^^^&wi?








*****








GOING TO MEXICO?



THEN STOP »▼

HOTEL TRENTON



The newest and best hotel in the " Paris of Amer-
ica." American Plan, Reasonable Rates. The
Newest and Pleasantest Rooms.
In the Most Healthful Part of the City of Mexico.
CALLE DONATO GUERRA, No. 1222




Phillips' Sanitary Grates

Discharge more heat, burn less fuel, take the place of
20,000 cubic feet capacity hot air furnace, and cost
less than any other apparatus now on the market.
We guarantee

OWNERS, BUILDERS AND CONTRACTORS

That we can heat and ventilate any ordinary sized house, from 6
to 8 rooms, with one of Phillips' Sanitary Grates. They are used
extensively in British Columbia and the North.
Write today for circulars and full particulars.
Address,

Phillips' Sanitary Grate Co.,

114 North Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal.



POlNDEXTER * WADSWORTH

BROKERS






308 and 310 Wilcox Building, Second

and Spring St*., Los Angeles, Cal.
Buy and sell Real Estate, Stocks, Bonds and
Mortgages, on commission, make collections,
manage property and do a general brokerage
business. Highest references for reliability and
good business management.




|pi*g!


We Sell the Earth—

^W« BASSETT &. SMITH

POMONA, CAL.


Orchard and Residence property.
Write for descriptive pamphlet.








SENT FREE ON APPROVAL

We send these Gold Watches, LADIES or GENTS./c^ by express. You pay
nolhing until after examination. Price S14.AH, regular retail price $38 These
cases are made of two plates of solid gold ; between these plates is a very thin,
stiff sheet of composition metal, the purpose of which is to protect the works
from damage when pressed or struck (a feature that saves many a bill of re-
pairs), and is accompanied by a special guarantee certificate from the manu-
facturers that they will wear TWENTY YEARS. The movement is a full (15)
jeweled Waltham, Elgin or Standard, as you may select, has the celebrated
compensation balance, Patent safety pinion, stem wind and set. warranted
perfect time-keeper. Watches of this make are never advertised outside the
show windows of fashionable jewelry stores. If you order in good faith cut
this out (or mention this magazine) and forward to us, and we will send you
the watch by express without the payment of asinglecent, so you can examine
it thoroughly, and if not as represented you refuse to take it. We ask you to
specially note the watch advertisements of other firms ; that they say nothing
of how many jewels they have. Our watches are high grade, FULL-JEWELED,
no better made, and must not be confounded with the cheap watches advertised
so extensively. In ordering, be sure to state stvle of case and whether ladies'
or gents' is desired. Address, CHAPIN WATCH CO.,

1 .'.in;, 1307 Chamber of Commerce Building, CHICAGO, I 1,1..



t



CALIFORNIA can't begin to supply the demand for her Olives and Olive Oil.
We 've some of the best olive land in the State, and will sell it —
already planted — in any sized lots, on low terms and easy payments,
running five years.
Send for literature. DEL SUR RANCH CO.,

1)827 Trenton St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Or, 930 Chestnut Street,

Philadelphia, Pa.



Please mention that you



it In the Land of Sonshuck,"



ITEMS OF INTEREST.



A Unique Announcement.
*******

Dear Sir : I beg to announce myself as a non-
partisan candidate for the office of Real Estate
Agent, and enclose a few ballots, which you will
kindly fill out and deposit at the polling- place,
408 South Broadway, Chamber of Commerce
Building.

If elected, I shall endeavor to attend with equal
fidelity to any business entrusted to me by Re-
publicans, Democrats, Populists, Silverites, Gold-
bugs, Popocrats, Socialists, Prohibitionists and
Anarchists. Thanking you in advance for your
support, I remain, dear sir, yours very truly,
Richard Altschul, Real Estate, Loans and Com-
missions, 408 South Broadway, Chamber of Com-
merce Building, Telephone Main 141. Los An-
geles, Cal., September 1, 1896.'

The Place to Put I7p At.

For a No. 1 meal, beautiful surroundings, and
bracing sea air, the Hotel Arcadia, at Santa
Monica, is the ideal resort at this season. Mine
host Reinhart is a model boniface, in fact is equal
to anything short of occupying all of the rooms
and consuming all the edibles. Help him out.



Cooking; Without Fire.

The very best and latest invention. No steam,
dirt, odor, or heat in the house, making it a
pleasure to cook with "The Royal Cooker." It



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