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4V Please mention this magazine. "%:»



THE

AMERICAN.

Recognized as the Leading Exponent of Bimet-
allism and Protection, the great issues that
must be voted on in November.

WHARTON BARKKR, Editor
Subscription, $2.00
To any one sending 50 cents before fune 1, we
will send The American until after the next presi-
dential election.

WHAT PUBLIC MEN THINK:

I regard The A merican as the ablest publica-
tion of its kind in the United States.— Senator
H. C. Hansbroogh, North Dakota.

I bear cheerful testimony to the valuable ser-
vices that you have rendered to the cause of bi-
metallism.— Senator Jos. C. S. Blackburn,
Kentucky.

I have read with great interest your editorials
and have looked in vain in the gold papers of the
country for some answer to your arguments. —
Hon. Chas S. Hartman, Montana.

You are doing a magnificent work for the cause
of Silver.— Hon. Edgar Wilson, Idaho.

I consider the paper one of the very best expo-
nents of true bimetallism in the country.— Hon.
F. W. Mondbll, Wyoming.

Consider it the ablest and best advocate of bi-
metallism in this country.— Senator R. F. Pbt-
tigrbw, South Dakota.

Subscribe now and gat your friends to do so.

Barker Publishing Company

119 South 4th St., Philadelphia.



WHEN YOU VISIT

SAN DIEGO

REMEMBER . . .




RATES

$2.50 PER DAY

AND UP



American Plain Only. Centrally
located. Elevators and fire escapes. Baths,
hot and cold water in all suites. Modern con-
veniences. Fine large sample rooms for com-
mercial travelers.



ition that you " saw it is the Land of Sunshine.'



LEONARD MERRILL



Has for Exchange for Eastern prop-
erty — Maine or Vermont — or other
good location, 22 acres set to oranges
and lemons

True Citrus Soil, Absolutely Frostless

Double water right privilege to use
water from either of two systems of
irrigation. Only two miles from
either of two stations, one mile to
another. Price, $300 per acre, includ-
ing water right. No improvement
except trees. I have a large list of
property in Southern California for
sale and exchange. Write me for in-
formation • . . .



LEONARD MERRILL

240 BRADBURY BUILDING
LOS ANGELES, CAL.



BAMEUNDSSrtSEs

illustrated magazine,
reveals virgin woods and
waters — homes of the
I trout, the bass, the deer
and quail — and tells of
hundreds of places to
freely hunt and fish.

Price ten cents ; three
trial numbers, twenty-
five cents. By the year —
one a month— any ad-
dress, postage free, One Dollar. Sent together
with the Southwestern magazine, the Land of
Sunshine, twelve months, for $1.50. No samples.
Gameland, 108 Fulton St., New York, N.Y-., U.S.A.




Poland Rock
Water

Company 502 S. Broadway



BARTHOLOMEW
Manager



POlNDEXfER ft WAOSWORfH

BROKERS

305 West Second St., Los Angeles, Cal.

Buy and sell Real Estate, Stocks, Bonds and
Mortgages, on commission, make collections,
manage property and do a general brokerage
business. Highest references for reliability and
good business management.

Hot Springs Hotel

and Bath House

Under One Roof. In the Center
of City.

The best Hot Sulphur Water and Mud Baths on

the Pacific Coast. Rates, including Baths,

$8 to $12 per week

E. Z. BUAlBy, Proprietor

Elsinore, Cal., on Santa Fe Railway

THE TERMINAL RAILWAY

Whose lines extend

from San Pedro— the

site of the proposed

deep-water harbor —

through Long Beach,

Los Angeles and Pasa-
dena, to Altadena,

where connection is

made with the electric

railway for Rubio

Canon and the great

incline railway for

Echo Mountain ; and

the Glendale Branch,

traversing the beauti-
ful Glendale Valley, to

Glendale and Verdugo

Park, affords the tour-
ist an opportunity to

see one of the prettiest

sections of the " Land *L0 5 ANGELES

>f Sunshine" without

the exertion usual to M Trains leave

trips. f for Mountains:

9:10 a. m., 3:30
p.m., and 11:30
a.m., Sundays.
Trains leave
for Beach : 9:00
a. m., 1:10 and
5.00 p.m., dail j



A BUSINESS MAN'S





The Pacific MS



TELEPHONE 926



FACTORY AND SALESROOM,

618-624 South Broadway



THE IRRIGATION AGE

An Illustrated Monthly Magazine Devoted to the Subject of Irrigation.

THE BEST AUTHORITY ON THE SUBJECT PUBLISHED.
EVERY FARMER OUGHT TO HAVE IT.
HANDSOME AS WELL AS USEFUL.

PRICE PER YEAR, $1.00. SINGLE COPIES, 10 CENTS.

MJtF~ Sent together with the Southwestern Magazine, the Land of Sunshine, ij months, $1.50.



Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sunshine "




via Santa Fe Route

READ THE SCHEDULE



San Diego....
Los Angeles,

Orange n 30 am

San Bernardino... 1 15 pm

La Junta 11 15 am

Pueblo 1 10 pm

Colorado Springs 3 00 pm

Denver 5 30 pm

Cripple Creek... „ 7 00 am

Newton | 12 30 am



8 00 am ;Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur. Fri. Sal
10 45 am " " " " " " a



Tues Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat. Sun. Mai



Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat. Sun.Mon.Tuq



Kansas City..

St. Louis

Chicago ,



Des Moines..

St. Paul

Minneapolis .



Detroit

Cleveland

Indianapolis.,

Cincinnati

Buffalo

Pittsburg

New York....



7 00 am
6 00 pm
10 30 pm



8 15 pm

7 20 am

8 00 am



7 15 am
12 45 Pm
3 30 am
7 20 am
5 3° pm
5 10 pm
7 00 am
10 45 am



Thur. Fri. Sat. Sun Mon. Tues. W«



Fri. Sat. Sun. Mon.Tues.Wed.Thd



Pullman Palace and Tourist Sleeping Cars run through
Kansas city and Chicago without change, every day in t

""*" TICKET OFFICE, 200 SPRING ST.,

COR. SECOND ST., LOS ANGELI



LEAVE FOURTH ST


Lot Angeles for


Pasadena.


'6 00 am


2 40 pm


630 am


t3 00pm


7 00 am


3 20 pm


730 am


3 40 pm


tSOOam


f4 00pm


8 20 am


4 20 pm


840 am


4 40 pm


+9 00 am


5 00 pm


9 2oam




9 40 am


5 40 pm


tlOOOam


6 00 pm


10 20 am


6 20 pm


10 40 am


6 40 pm


1100 am


7 00 pm


11 20 am


7 20 pm


1140 am


7 40 pm


12 00 m


8 00 pm


12 20 pm


8 30 pm


12 40 pm


9 00 pm


+1 00 pm


9 30 pm


1 50 pm


10 00 pm


1 40 pm


10 30 pm


2 00 pm


1100 pm


2 20 pm


11 30 pm


•Sundays excepted.


tConnect


with Mt.


Urwa Ky



From the Mountains to the Ocean



PASADENA AND LOS ANGELES
AND PASADENA AND PACIFIC
ELECTRIC RYS.

Most Frequent Service

Most Scenic Route in Los Angeles County
Most Comfortable Transportation
Most Enjoyable Places Reached

OFFICES, CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BLDG.
Fourth and Broadway, Los Angeles



LEAVE FOURTH ST
Loa Angeles

3 40 pm



8 00 am 4 00 pm




E. W. GRANIMIS, GROCER

1111 WEST ADAMS ST. TEL. WEST 1 36

BEST STORE IN SOUTHWEST LOS ANGELES.

The largest and finest stock, the best facilities. Orders by mail given prompt attention.



Indian Baskets
Navajo Blankets
Pueblo Pottery

Mail Orders

Solicited.

Catalogue Sent

Pre*.



0PRLS



Mexican Drawn Work and Hand-Carved Leather
Goods. Indian Photoe (blue prints) IO c. each.

W. D. Campbell's Curio Store,

386 South Spring St.. Loa Angeles. Cal .
mention that you " aaw it in the LiHD or SoitSHWB."






50,000 ACRES OP LAND FOR SALE

SUBDIVIDED TO SUIT

IN SAN LUIS OBISPO AND SANTA BARBARA
COUNTIES

Suitable for Dairying, Fruit and Vegetable Growing. Climate perfect, Soil fertile, Water abundant,
$15.00 to $100.00 per acre. Terms to suit. Don't buy until you see
this part of California.
For further Information apply to :

PACIFIC LAND COMPANY (Owners)

SAN LUIS OBISPO, CALIFORNIA



Crimson Rambler Roses Redondo Carnations

18 CENT8 EACH »1.00 A OOZeN

Araucarias, Palms, and Rare House Plants

ELMO R. MESERVE

635 SOUTH BROADWAY

Cut Flowers Garden Seeds



This f|agazine.



*I ARC TH« ONLY MANUFACTURERS OF
FINE BLACK PRINTING INKS
ON THt COAST



IS PRINTED WITH NO. 168 HALF-TONE BLACK
MADE BY

California Ink Company

OF SAN FRANCISCO

Los Angeles Branch

125 E. Second St.

Send for Our Color Specimen Book

MAX MERTEN, AGENT



at ALHAMBRA:

Fine Citrus Nursery Stock for Sale Cheap
/CI nnn BestBudded varieties of ORANGE, LEMON, GRAPE
nrU,UUU FRUIT, CITRON OF COMMERCE, Deciduous and
Ornamental Trees.
Trees planted and cared for.
ALSO A few Choice Bargains in Citrus Orchards and unim
■bmmbm proved lands at ALHAMBRA, PASADENA, RIVERSIDE
REDLANDS, HIGHLANDS and LOS ANGELES.
Write to, or call on, owner,

J. G. OGILVI&,

227 WEST SECOND ST., LOS ANGELES, CAL.

Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sunshine."




WHY YOU SHOULD USE OUR

GAS STOVES

ist. Because they are much cheaper than coal
ttoves.

2nd. Because they cost less to keep in re-
pair.

3rd. Because they save enormously in " time
and temper," require no attention, and can be
lighted and extinguished in a minute.

4th. Because they make neither dirt, smoke
nor ashes.

5th. Because they take up yery little space,
and for this reason are especially desirable for
those who have small kitchens or who reside in
flaw.

LOS ANGELES LIGHTING CO.,
457 SOUTH BROADWAY.



p.NE JJALF-TONE PRINTING



A SPECIALTY



J^INGSLEY-
gARNES
&

Neuner
Co.




123 South Broadway



The Foundations of aff fortunes are Laid du



saving money rather than by
chase is a cent made. Among



flgT* Send for our handsome
illustrated 1896 catalogue. It
is the best ever issued by us,
and will be sent to all readers
of this magazine who apply
for it.



making large profits. Every cent saved in a pur-
the money-saving tools used by the farmer is the

CANTON ORCHARD
CULTIVATOR
Simple in construction, durable,
easy to operate, and up to date
in every respect.

IT Leads Them All.

It has extra heavy square
tubular steel beams, very strong
standards, adjustable clamps,
and gives entire satisfaction.

^g^Call on your local dealer
for prices and circulars, or ad-
dress




The Mathew5 Implement Co., Gen'f Agents



OS. 120-124 N. LOS ANGELES 8T.
LOS ANQELE8, CAL.



Pleaae mention that you " aaw it in the Laud of Sowshinb.'




The Modern Cure for Disease.



SEND POH BOOK.



WAT^m\I %r PO P»clfic Coast Agents,

VV ^L L <DKJl\ OL V^W«, I24 Market st<> San Francisco, Cal.




NO-SAWEDGIr

ON COLLARS^dCUFFS



TRADE

NO-SAW-EDGE ON COLLARS AND CUFFS LAUNDRIED AT THE EMPIRE

MARK

WE HAVE THE FIRST AND ONLY
TRADE

NO-SAW-EDGE COLLAR AND CUFF IRONER

MARK

As well as the first machine made for the purpose, it being
odr own invention.
GIVE US ONE TRIAL.



149 SOUTH MAIN

TELEPHONE 635



CAHUENGA VALLEY PROPERTY

To any one wishing information concerning this, the most beautiful of the
many suburban home places of Los Angeles, we will be pleased to furnish it.
FROSTLESS ALL SEASONS OF THE YEAR

So that lemon culture is a specialty ; cool and comfortable during the hot sum-
mer months ; half mirrored in the placid waters of the Pacific, and with the
solemn, dark browed peaks and outlying ranges of the stately Santa Monicas,
deeply outlined, as a background, the landscape is unsurpassed. Choice
places in this lovely valley for sale ; for example, see illustration, bottom
of page 44.

MOLL & WHEELER,

NO. 226 WEST SECOND ST., LOS ANGELES, CAL.



Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sunshine.'



o "~ o ^ o



o o o o ^"^ o ^*^ o ^^^ o ^^'^o

riodern Dental Parlors

riodern Equipments



O OOOO



riodern flethods




DR. Q. H. KRIECHBAUM
218 South Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal.



O __ O __ O _. O _- O O ._ O O -^ O ,_ O __ O ^_ O _^ O _^ O _^ O -^ O _- o -„^ o -^ o



|No. 2 July, 159

Our Gold Placers. Mi




COPv«iCMTEO 1895 BY LANOOF SUNSHINE PUB.CO



10



CENT5 LAND OF SUNSHINE PUBLISHING CO.,

• INCORPORATED

A COPY 501-503 Stimson Building.



$1




SEASON OF 1896



3% HOURS
FROM LOS ANGELES

Fistifng, staging, Battling, Hunring, Boating

MANY NEW ATTRACTIONS

Monster Skating Tent. Hunters'

Cabin at Middle Ranch,

BKND

Including Soloists from the Musical

Centers Of the United States.

CAMPING dRODXD, WATER
AND JtANY VALUABLE
PRIVILEGES
To holders of the W T. Co.'s six months
round trip tickets. As the Company maiu-
taius the Islini and improvements at heavy
expense, parties attempting to visit the
Island on Other boars than these belonging
to the W. T. Co. will not be allowed the
above privileges.

Address, Banning Co.,

222 S. Spring St.



Zaun's Telegraph Pigeon service daily, connecting the Island with the wires of the world.

Offered for Safe for a Short Time




THE ABOVE CUT SHOWS 13,000 YARDS OF CALICO COVERED WITH PRUNES, ON MY V.f



302 ACRES AT $106.00 AN ACRE. 175 acres being in trees. No encumbrance.
Seven miles from ocean, high range of foothills temper* southwesterly trade winds;
elevation 450 feet. Highly improved ranch, with running water in creek. For sale
entire. Within 300 yards of R. R. depot, church, postoffice, telegraph, etc.

About IOO acres in 8-year old prunes and apricots. 34 acres in 3-year-old apricots, almonds, peaches
16 acres in 2-year old apricots, peaches. 18 acres in i-year-old'apricots, peaches. 6 acres in blue
and sugar gums. Enough o. antes, lemons, etc., for home and local sale. Balance of land all in
grain, hay. corn, clover, pumpkins, carrots, etc. Last year's crop was: l6»>2 tons dried prunes.
5' 2 tons dried apricots, low tons baled hay. 4* tons barley grain). 8 tons corn (shelled). Besides

Sumpkins, etc. All damaged- fruit, waste grain from stables, pumpkins, corn, etc.. turned into hogs.
lo Irrigation Necessary. Our ranch is all valley land; 20 feet to water (average).
Giant Sycamores and Monterey Pine avenues, and wild tobacco on ranch.
12 Roomed Dwelling, with all modern improvements, deepverandas (screened in). Half interest
in 1 inch gravity flow mountain water. Water piped all over house. Garden, tennis couit,
stables, two wells, windmill, tanks, etc.
6 Roomed Boarding House for tanch hands, stabling for 16 horses, 2 cows, etc. Barn cove/s 115

tons baled hay. Covering for all machinery. Tool house. Grain warehouse separate.
3 ten foot cultivators, 3 heavy wagons, I spring wagon. 3 harrows, 2 buggies, mower, rake, smaller
horse cultivators, gang and hand ploughs, etc. Large and well selected horses. 3 mares bred
to son ol Red Wilkes (1749).
Drying Plant— capacty l»oO tons green fruit; including Anderson Dipper (large), Hamilton

Grader (green and dry fruit), 13«»uO yards calico. 1600 boxes; trays, trucks, tracks, etc.
Oil Wells now being sunk about one mile south of this property.

Reason for sale, owner has nitrate and railroad interests in South America requiring attention.
Title Guaranteed by Orange County Title and Abstract Co., Incorporated, Santa Ana, Cal.
Reference (by permission), Farmers and Merchants Bank, Los Angeles, Cal.
Address Owner. E. PETJtl E HOY I - 1 -.

Rancho Canada de los Alisos, Kl Toro, Orange Co., Cal.



Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of StntSHiHE."



YOU WI LLFIN D THE f-| Q L L El/N 3 ECK



PRB-ECnifJENTHY



%he most centrally lo-
cated, best appointed
and best kept Idotel
in the city.

^American or Euro-
pean Plan.

Rates reasonable.

Second and ...

Spring Streets

Los Angeles, Cal.




"isjfSgrw



The J4e&dquai«ters in ^ os Angeles for the Tourist Travel

CROCERIES f&¥S, v




HEADQUARTERS FOR

FAMILY AND HOTEL SUPPLIES

AT WHOLESALE PRICES

Send us memoranda of your probable wants, and will name you price*. We handle

the highest grade of all pure foods. #?f" Catalogue mailed free.

J. K. NEWBERRY & CO.,
216-218 S. Spring St., op. Los Angeles Theatre, Los Angeles, Cal.

California CyaQS ^^t'SS 9 ^

Gem Stones ; Mexican Opals ; Japanese Cats' Eyes ; Orange Wood, plain and
painted ; Pressed Flowers, Ferns and Mosses ; Jewelry made from Coast Shells ;
5x8 Photos, California Scenes, mounted and unmounted. Wholesale and Retail.

E. L. LOVEJOY, 126 W. FOURTH STREET

Mail Orders Solicited. L,os Angeles, Cal.

E. W. GRANNIS, GROCER"

COR. CLINTON AVE. AND HOOVER ST. TEL. WEST 136

BEST STORE IN SOUTHWEST LOS ANGELES.

The largest and finest stock, the best facilities. Orders by mail given prompt attention.



Please mention that you "saw it in the Land of Sunshine.



;.ve




WOODLAWN, THE NEW RESIDENCE TRACT OF LOS ANGELES

Call on Owner for Information, at

319)4 South Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal.

Woodlawn, the residence tract of Los Angeles. Prices, $600, $700, $750, $800 and $1000. This property
can only be obtained from the owner, Thos. McD. Potter, 319K So. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal.

There's Nothing in Los Angeles

SJ asa CORONADO WATER SOUR
MR. WHEDON, at 114 W. First Street

Distributes CORONADO WATER inbottlesor ^ 18 o4



VALUABLE . . .
CIRCULATION

means READERS

To gain readers and hold them,

A PUBLICATION
MUST FURNISH
SOMETHING
READABLE.

The leading

LOS ANGELES
SAN FRANCISCO
CHICAGO
BOSTON
PHILADELPHIA
and NEW YORK

newspapers say that the

LAND OF SUNSHINE



it oW Pl(*>6$«Aig




fcHgraeind
Company *

PMo-fcipwrj

2okio.ii?dinsr.
fes iingcits. Cdl.



Please mention that you " saw it in the Land of Sonshine.'



The Land of Sunshine

Contents — July, 1896.

PAQB

Hydraulic Mining on San Antonio frontispiece

A Trip to Mt. Whitney (illustrated), Howard Longley 47

54

58

60

60

64



The First American Jewelers (illustrated), Chas. F. Lummis

(Southwestern Wonderland Series.)

A Historic Figure (illustrated)

The Gold Placers of Los Angeles (illustrated), J. M. Guinn

The End of a Feud (story), Beatrix Bellido de Luna

The Musky " Filaree " (poem), Lillian H. Shuey

An Open Letter, Chas. Warren Stoddard 68

Longing (poem), Blanche Trask , 69

My Nursery (poem), illustrated, Julia Boynton Green 70

The Landmarks Club 71

In the Lion's Den (the Editor) 72

That Which is Written (the Editor) 75

Hon Stephen M. White (illustrated) 77

The Los Angeles Mining Exchange (illustrated) 91

Southern California Chautauqua Assembly (illustrated) 77

Lajolla (illustrated) 83

Our Summer Outings 85



A

BEAUTIFUL

HOME

IN

SOUTHERN

CALIFORNIA



Modern 9 room house on
South Flower street, with
electric and gas light, sewer
connection and all street
improvements made. House
hand decorated, cove ceil-
ings ; the dining room is the
handsomest little room in
Southern California. Price
is low. Will exchange for

half cash, balance good property in St.

Louis, Chicago or Cincinnati, or any

good Eastern City. Price $7,500.

I have some choice orange properties

to exchange for Fyastern property.

If you want to know something more

about Southern California,



WRITE TO



Leonard Merrill



240 Bradbury Block

Los Angfles, Cal

I have a splendid Mining- prop-
osition, or two free milling properties.
Are you interested in that line ? Write
to me.



Souvenir, Pamphlet and Catalogue Work

A SPECIALTY.




[ flion OBAD[fllLr-Tont5)^|i??t[TCHmos]



Views, Portraits, and Everything for
Illustrative Purposes. Original Designs
for Posters and Cover Plates.



Please mention that you "saw it in the Land of Sunshine.



^TOIJJER

pGfWIMC




LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA



408 SOUTH BROADWAY

chamber of Commerce
Building

RICHARD ALTSCHUL

REAL ESTATE, LOANS AND COMMISSION
References : Messrs. Lazard, Freres, New
York ; London, Paris and American Bank, San
Francisco ; Farmers and Merchants Bank, Los
Angeles ; First National Bank, Los Angeles.



Hot Springs Hotel

and Bath House

Under One Roof. Jn the Center
of the City.

The best Hot Sulphur Water and Mud Baths on

the Pacific Coast. Rates, including Baths,

58 to <i2 per week.

E. Z. BUM-Dy, Proprietor.

Elsinore, Cal., on Santa Fe Railway.

WHEN YOU VISIT

SAN DIEGO

REMEMBER . . .




RATES

$2.50 PER DAY

AND UP



American Plan Only. Centrally
located. Elevators and fire escapes. Baths,
hot and cold water in all suites. Modern con-
veniences. Fine large sample rooms for com-
mercial travelers.



f-|OTEL ARCADIA, Santa Monica, Cal.



The only first-class
tourist hotel in this,
the leading coast re-
sort of the Pacific. 150
pleasant rooms, large
and airy ball room,
beautiful lawn and
flower gardens. Mag-
n ificent panoramic
view of the sea. First-
class orchestra. Surf
and hot water baths
a positive cure for
nervous and rheumatic
disorders.

Time from Los An-

teles by Santa Fe or
. P. R.R. 35 minutes,
Pasadena and Pacific
electric cars, seventy-
five minutes.



S. REINHART, Proprietor




Please mention that you "saw it in the Land of Sunshine.*






IE SUN EXPA







n


^^wjg


THE LAND OF^S

SUNSHINES











Vol. 5, No. 2.



LOS ANGELES



JULY, 1896.



A Trip to Mount Whitney.



>Y HOWARD LONCLEY.



HREE days we had been journeying towards Mount Whit-
ney. The valley of the San Joaquin was undergoing' a
hot spell, and even the carefully shaded thermometer at
Fresno marked 106 degrees when we left. As we crossed
the plains and ascended the barren foothills, the glare of
the sun and the superheated breeze were very disagree-
able ; while our crawling burro-train kept us enveloped
in a cloud of lingering dust. Yet, such is the magical
transformation of a few thousand feet in elevation, we
traveled that evening among groves of pine and gigantic
Sequoias, guided by the friendly stream to meadows where
the grass was thickest and the flowers in greatest pro-
fusion grow.

For several days we wandered through the forest. At
times, crossing some mountain range, an extensive pan-
orama enabled us to outline a course for the succeeding
days. Again, we rambled beside some mountain stream
which deviously wound through beautiful green meadows,
or rushed and tumbled along its shaded canon bed, while
the slightly receding walls on either side rose in silent
majesty almost 3,000 feet above. But, as we penetrated
farther into the vast system, the surroundings changed.
With gradually increasing altitude the flowers deserted us, and some of
our forest companions lingered below. More rugged varieties surrounded
us, their storm-beaten branches growing only upon the sheltered sides
of the trees. At last even the twisted, stunted growth was left behind,
and patches of snow or rock-bound lakelets alternated with naked bluffs
or granite domes. Still we clambered upward, for the divide must be
crossed in order to reach our destination. At last, after many disap-
pointments and a hard day's climb, a saddle in the crest was attained ;
but, too tired to attempt the descent, even if approaching darkness had

Illustrated i rom photos, by the author.
Copyright lS9fi hy Land of Sunshine Pub. Co.



48 LAND OF SUNSHINE.

not forbidden, we were compelled to spend the night upon this wind-
swept pass, at an elevation of 13,000 feet, with no feed for the animals
nor fuel or shelter for ourselves. Upon turning out the next morning
we found the water in our canteen frozen ; so our slight repast was dry
as well as uncooked. At the expiration of seven hours, spent in hauling
the reluctant burros one by one over the snow, along dangerous ledges
and down steep slopes, rolling rocks out of the way, and replacing dis-
lodged packs, we were probably not more than a mile in a direct line
from the summit. But we had again reached timber and feed ; and
breakfast served also for dinner and supper. However, the extreme
wildness and grandeur of the scenery compensated for all the hardships.
Immense perpendicular cliffs of tottering granite slabs, or glacial-
polished slopes, were all around us. Fields of snow lay at the shaded
bases of precipices, and little patches clung to their narrow ledges




Commercial Edr. Co.

GENERAL VIEW OF MT WHITNEY.

while beautiful Alpine lakes reflected their imprisoning walls at almost
every turn of the canon.

For more than a week we had not been below 10,000 feet ; yet peaks
much higher had constantly surrounded us. So it was only when we
were almost upon Mount Whitney that he became unmistakable, and
we realized that the stupendous granite mass two or three miles ahead,
stretching across the cafion, really attained the greatest elevation found
in the United States. Only at one place can his helmet-shaped crest be
ascended with safety. There the first one thousand feet of climb up the
steep couloir is not dangerous, though the use of the hands is at times
necessary ; while the more gently inclined slopes above are broad, and,
facing the sun, comparatively free from snow. It was strange how
many of the granite blocks composing the surface our companions



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