per cent, being a lower rate of interest than had
been paid at the commencement of the war.
The exports, which in 1792 were £27,000,000,
had swelled in 1815 to nearly £58,000,000, offil
cial value ; the imports had advanced during the
same period from £19,000,000 to £32,000,000.
The shipping had advanced from 1,000,000 to
2,500,000 tons. The population of England
had risen from 9,400,000 in 1792, to 13,400,000
in 1815 ; that of Great Britain and Ireland from
14,000,000 in the former period, to 18,000,000
in the latter. Yet, notwithstanding this rapid
increase, and the absorption of nearly 500,000
pairs of robust arras in the army, militia, and
navy, the imports of grain had gone on con-
tinually diminishing, and had sunk in 1815 to
less than 500,000 quarters. And so far was
this prodigious expenditure and rapid increase
of numbers from having exhausted the resources
of the state, that above .£0,000,000 annually
was raised by the voluntary ellbrts of the inhab-
itants to mitigate the distresses and assuage the
sud'erings of the poor ; and a noble sinking fund
was in existence, and had been
kept sacred during all the vicissi- ij^^!'*','^!'''}.'' '"
tudesof the struggle, which already £',''ropo °
hail reached £10,0000,000 a year, App. c.'xcvl
and would certainty, if left to ilsclf, wliuru Uie
have extinguished 'the whole public Jf^'J,^*' ""' '"
debt by the year 1815.'
When such had been the prosperity and sr.
great the progress of the empire,
durinj; the continuance of a lone 3- ,
1111 ■ .1 7- Warm and
and jjloody war, m the course ol „^.,|(,rlll anti-
which it had repeatedly been re- eipations of
duccd to the very greatest straits, K'n