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his day, ii 282
Pierre de Provence, i 157
Pilon, Germain, sculptor, i 276, 279
Pindar, Ronsard's Odes modelled on, i

323

Pins, Jean de, Bishop of Rieux, his
patronage of scholars, i 23

Pithou, Pierre, "nothing of a Greek
scholar," i 294; friend and corre-
spondent of Pasquier, 303 ; his
library and his writings, ii 234 ;
author of D'Aubray's speech in the
Satire Menippee, 236

Placards, the affair of the, i 9, 28, 173

Plato, translation of his Hipparchns,
i 36 ; Axiochus (spurious), ib. ; Ion,
ib. ; Crilo, ib. ; Lysis, ib. ; Titmeus,
290 ; Pheedo, ib. ; Symposium, ib. ;
Republic, ib. ; verse translation of the
Symposium, i 36 ; Rabelais's opinion
of, 197 ; his copy of his works, ib.
n. 2

Plautus, his Miles Gloriosus adapted by
J. -A. de Baif, ii 7, 108; his influence
on Renaissance comedy, 102

Pleiad, the, constitution of, i 314; its
work, ii 27-32 ; its reforms in voca-
bulary, 28-29 ; in syntax, 29 ; in
style, 29-30 ; its defects, 30-32 ; its
services to poetry, 32 ; and see 312

Plutarch, translations of, i 36: Rabelais's
debt to, 197; his characteristics, 284,
287; his style, 286; his influence in
France, 284

Poggio, his Facetiae, i 97, 98, 99, 107,

!3 2
Poitiers, a literary centre, i 167, Ii 18,

319; University of, i 22, 311

Politiques, the party of the, ii 226,

Poliziano, Angelo, his Orfeo, i 79
Polybius, translation of, i 36
Pontalais, Jehan du, i 56
Pontano, Giovanni Gioviano, neo- Latin

poet, i 147
Pont hits el la belle Sidoine, i 157 and

n. 1



Primaleon of Greece, i 163
Primaticcio, Francesco, employed at

Fontainebleau, i 6, 271
Professorships, the royal, i 15-17
Psalms, the, Marot's translation of,

i 70-7 1 , 80-8 1 ; Desportes's translation

of, ii 47
Puits-Herbault, Gabriel de, his attack

on Rabelais, i 180
Pulci, Luigi, i 46

Quinlil-IIoratian, Le, its authorship and
date of publication, i 315

Rabelais, Francois, studies law at
Bourges, i 22 ; corrector to Gryphius's
press, 24 ; at dinner in honour of
Dolet, 25 ; his relations to Protes-
tantism, 28; his view of Calvin, 29;
his poetry, 93, 127; his list of heroes
of romances of chivalry, 157; date
of his birth, 165 ; place of his birth,
ib. ; his early education, 166; enters
the Franciscan convent of Fontenay-
le-Comte, ib. ;-his Greek studies, ib. ;
his correspondence with Bude, 167 ;
enters the Benedictine monastery of
Maillezais, ib. ; residence at Liguge,
ib. ; probably a medical student at
the University of Paris, 168; at other
Universities, ib. ; matriculates at
Montpellier, 169; admitted to degree
of Bachelor of Medicine, ib. ; his
lectures, ib. ; edits letters of Man-
ardus, and two spurious Latin legal
documents, ib. ; revises Les grandes
Croniques, 170; writes Pantagruel,
ib. ; Almanacs and Prognostications,
1 70-1 ; appointed physician to the
Lyons hospital, 171 ; writes to
Erasmus, ib.; goes to Rome, 172;
writes Gargantua, ib. ; his post at the
hospital filled up, 1 73 ; second journey
to Rome, ib. ; corresponds with
Bishop of Maillezais, 174; addresses
a petition to the Pope, ib. ; returns to
France, ib.; present at the dinner to
Dolet, 175 ; takes Doctor's degree at
Montpellier, ib. ; his lectures, ib. ;
his anatomical demonstrations, 175-
6 ; becomes a canon of the abbey of
Saint-Maur des Fosses, 176; at
Turin with G. du Bellay, 177 ; at
Lyons, ib. ; his quarrel with Dolet,
ib. ; writes and publishes his Third
book, 178; his flight to Metz, 179;
appointed town-physician, ib. ; pub-
lishes fragment of Fourth book, ib. ;
goes to Rome, ib. ; writes La Scio-
mac/iie, 180; returns to France, ib. ;



INDEX



357



appointed cure of Meudon and Saint-
Cristophe du Jambet, ib. ; publishes
complete Fourth book, 181 ; resigns
his livings, ib. ; his death, 182 ;
held in high esteem by his contem-
poraries, ib.

Analysis of Gargantua and Panta-
gruel, 183-188. The Fifth book-
its publication, 188-9; manuscript of,
189; discussion of its authenticity,
189-195

Appreciation of Rabelais. His
comic side, 195 ; his indecency,
196 ; his contempt for women, ib. ;
his learning and its sources, 197-9 ;
his characters, 200-202 ; his opinions,
(i) on politics, 203 ; (ii) on the
administration of justice, 204 ; (iii)
on monasticism, 204-5 » V ) on
education, 205-8; his religious views,
208-212; his philosophy, 212-214;
his style, 214-220; his position
among modern writers, 220; often
referred to by Bonivard, 249; imi-
tators of, ii 181 ; imitated by Noel du
Fail, 184; by N. de Cholieres, 186;
by Marnix de Sainte-Aldegonde, ii
241 ; and see 322
Rabutin, Francois de, his Commentaires,

ii 211
Raemond, Florimond de, ii 43, 206
Ramus, Pierre, his thesis attacking
Aristotle, i 272 ; appointed a royal
professor, 273; his lectures, ib. ; his
reform of dialectic, ib. ; his P'rench
grammar, ib. ; Pasquier's letter to on
the subject of orthography, 302 ; see

"3*4

Rapin, Nicolas, his experiments in vers
mesurh, ii 8 ; his poetry, 58

Raulin, Jean, popular preacher, i 198

Reformation, progress of in France, i
26-29

Regnier, Mathurin, belongs to the
Renaissance, ii 291 ; his life, 292 ;
his Satires, the Second, 297 ; the
Third, ib. ; the Fourth and Sixth,
298 ; the Fifth, reminiscences of
Montaigne, ib.; the Seventh, Eighth,
and Ninth, 299 ; first edition of
Satires, ib. ; the Tenth and Eleventh,
imitations of Berni and Caporali, 299-
300 ; the Thirteenth (A/acette), 300 ;
its sources, 300-1 ; religious revival in
Paris, 301-2; K.'s last satires and
death, 302 ; K. as an observer and
painter of life, 303; unable to con-
struct a poem, ib. ; his borrowings,
304; his individuality, ib. ; specimens
of his verse, 305-6; his dispute with



Malherbe, 306-7; date of hi- earliest
satire, 308-9; and see 32,;, 3 .">

Rely, Jean de, his French Bible, i 41-
42 '

Renee of France, Duchess of Ferrara,
i 66

Reymond, Pierre, worker in enamel.
1 276

Rhodiginus, Cselius (Lodovico Ricchieri
of Rovigo), i 198

Rivaudeau, Andre de, a member of the
Poitiers circle, ii 18 ; his tragedy of
Avian, 80

Robert le Diable, i 157 and n. 1

Robertet, Florimond, i 61

Rochefort, Francois de, Bishop of
Condom, tutor to Francis I and hi>
sister Margaret, i 5

Roffet, Estienne, Paris publisher, i 71

Pierre, Paris publisher, i 65

Rojas, Fernando de, author of the
Celestina, i 51 n. 1 ; and see
C el est ina

Romans d'avetttures, i 155 7

Ronsard, Pierre tie, i 119; his first
printed poem, 143; his interchange
of verses with Charles IX, :7s; bis
birth and early education, 30s ;ow ;
appointed page to the Dauphin, and
to the Duke of Orleans, 309; at the
Scottish court, ib. ; in England, ib. ;
attached to Lazare de BalFs mission
to Hagenau, ib.; at the French court,
ib.; his illness and deafness,//'.; takes
orders, ib. ; becomes Dorat's pupil,
ib. ; joins the College of Coqueret,
310; meets Joachim du Bellay, ib. ;
publishes his Odes, 314; and his
Amours, 318; his reconciliation with
Saint-Gelais, 319; solicits patron
ib.; publishes the Amours de Marie,
320; his position definitely established ,
ib. ; receives numerous benefices, ib. ;
probably did not take priest's ordei -,
321 ; Protestant attack on him, ib. ;
his reply, ib.; publication ol the
Francia.de, 322; retires from Court,
ib.; his declining years and death,
322-323; criticism of his poetry,
323 ff. ; t he Pindaric Odca t _-^23 ;
{ttfr -Fraii aaite.

Eclogues 7 ," 326; Discours, 3:7;
Amours de Cassandre, 32S t) ; Amours
de Marie, 3:9 330 ; non-Pindari(
Odes, 330 3 ; Elegie , 3.;.; 5 ; In. love
of the country, 335; his imagination,
ib. ; his sonnet to I Iclcne 'I

336; his style generally, ib.\ his
ni> 1 rical experiment ■, and his ervices

to metre, 336 <j ; \u> sonnet on I >u



358



INDEX



Bartas's poetry, ii 37 ; his translation

of Aristophanes's Plutus, 72 ; and

see 311, 315, 320, 325
Rosso, Giambattista, painter, employed

at Fontainebleau, i 6, 271
Rouen, its local school of poets, i 23;

a literary centre, i 69, ii 319
Rouillet, Claude, his Philanire, ii 88
Roussel, Gerard, preaches in the Louvre,

i 65 ; Margaret of Navarre's spiritual

adviser, i 102 ; and see 225
Rus, Jean, his poetry, i 88

Sabbadino degli Arienti, his Navelle

Porrelane, i 97
Sacchetti, Francesco, his Novelle, i 97,

107
Sagon, Francois, his quarrel with Marot,

i 68
Sainte-Aldegonde, Philippe de Marnix

de, his Tableau des differens de la

religion, ii 241
Sainte-Marthe, Charles de, professor at

the College of Guyenne and a

Protestant, i 26, 92 ; his writings,

92 ; in the service of Margaret of

Navarre, 101

Scevole de, a student at Poitiers,

a friend of Pasquier, i 303, ii 18;
his poetry, 23-24 ; his Pacdoiiophia,
24 ; his Elogia, 24, 333

Saint-Gelais, Mellin de, a typical court-
poet, i 12 ; his verses on Budr's
funeral, 19; translates Ariosto, 48;
helps to revise a translation of the
Cortegiano, ib., 93; his Italian
leanings, 94, 1 36 ; birth and education,
146; in Italy, ib. ; his interest in
Italian poetry, 147 ; introduces the
sonnet into France, 147, 152-3; his
sonnets, 147-8 ; in favour at Court,
149 ; characteristics of his poetry,
149-15 1 ; publication of his poems,
150; his position as a poet, 255 ;
alluded to in the Defence, 312;
ridicules Ronsard's Odes, 318; his
quarrel and reconciliation with him,
318-319; the original of Du Bel-
lay's Le poele courtisan, 350 ; his
version of Trissino's Sofouisba, ii 75,
80 ; and see i 152

Octovien de, Bishop of Angou-

leme, reputed father of the pre-
ceding, his translation of Ovid's
Epistles, i 38 ; of the Aineid, ib. ; a
translation of Ovid's Remedium
Amoris attributed to him, ib., 54;
and see 146

Saint-Germain, chdteau of, i 13
Saint-Maur des Fosses, i 176



Saint-Porchaire, faience of (Henri Deux
ware), i 276

Salel, Hugues, his translation of the
Iliad, i 37 ; his poetry, 93 ; patron of
O. de Magny, ii 11 ; and see i 152

Saliat, Pierre, his translation of
Herodotus, i 36, 289

Salignac, Bertrand de, his account of
the siege of Metz, ii 2 1 1

Salviati, Cassandre, Ronsard's Cas-
sandre, i 328 n. 2

Sancy, Nicolas Harlay de, ii 25 1

Sannazaro, Jacopo, his Arcadia, i 47.
79, 80 n. i ; translated by J. Martin,
49 ; a writer of Latin verse, 147 ; his
Latin eclogues, 1 16

San Pedro, Diego de, French transla-
tions of, i 5 1

Sansovino, Francesco, satirist, publishes
a collection of satires, ii 293 ;
plagiarised by Vauquelin de la
Fresnaye, 296

Sarto, Andrea del, at the French court,
i6

Sasso, Panfilo, imitated by Desportes,
ii 48

Satire, the beginnings of in France,
ii 293-296

Satire, Italian, ii 293-4

Satire Menippee, the, its origin, ii 234-
235, 329-331; its contents, 235 ff. ;
speech <>f Mayenne, 236—237; of
the Cardinal Legate, 237 ; of the
Archbishop of Lyons, ib. ; of Roze,
238 ; of Rieux, ib. ; of Aubray, 238-
240 ; its verse, 240-241; and see

Saulx, Gaspard de, Seigneur de Ta-
vannes, ii 209

Guillaume de, Seigneur de Ta-

vannes, his memoirs, ii 210

Jean de, Seigneur de Tavannes,

his memoirs, ii 209

Scaliger, Joseph Justus, i 294

— — Julius Caesar, his Poetice, ii !So,

81
Sceve, Guillaume, i 24

Maurice, his motto, i 11; his

translation of Grimatiey Gradissa, 5 1 ;
an avant-coureur of the Pleiad, 136;
his early writings, 1 37 ; his Dclic. 1 ,s,
139-140; opinions of Du Bellay and
Pasquier on his poetry, 139, 312; in-
fluenced by Serafino of Aquila, 140;
his other poetry, ib. ; mentioned, 152;
his probable influence on Du Bellay,

340
Sebonde, Raymond de, his Theologia
naturalis translated by Montaigne, ii
141; Montaigne's Apology for, 167-168



INDEX



359



Selve, Georges de, Bishop of Lavaur
and diplomatist, i 7 ; sells his collec-
tion of Greek MSS. to Francis I, 18 ;
his translation of some of Plutarch's
lives, 36

Semblancay, see Beaune

Seneca, Grosnet's paraphrase of his
tragedies, i 39 ; imitated by Du
Bartas, ii 41 ; characteristics of his
plays, 74 ; his influence on French
tragedy, 74-75, 76, 85, 87, 90, 91,

92, 93

Seralino of Aquila, Italian poet, i 140

Series, Jean de, letter from Pasquier to,
i 302 ; his history of France, ii 223,
n. 3 ; not the author of the Discours
merveilleux, 230

Olivier de, his Theatre d'Agri-

culture, ii 287-8

Servin, Louis, a friend of Pasquier, i 303

Sevin, Adrien, his translation of Boc-
caccio's Filocopo, i 45

Sextus Empiricus, Montaigne's debt to,
ii 167

Seyssel, Claude de, his translations of
Greek historians, i 36

Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, ii 104 ;
influence of Montaigne on, 160
n. 1 ; Hamlet and Measure for
Measure, id. ; Tempest, 314

Shirley, James, his Love's cruelty, i
1 12

Sibilet, Thomas, his definition of a
blazon, i 89; his Artpoetique Francois,
152 ; his answer to the Deffence, 316

Silly, M me de, a devisante of the Hepta-
meron, i 108

Silvius, Symon, see I.a Have

Simeoni, Gabriele, i 271

Sophocles, translation of his Electra by
L. de Baif, i 37; and of his Antigone
by J. -A. de Baif, ii 7

Speroni, Sperone, his Canace, ii 75

Strozzi, Ercole, neo- Latin poet, i 147

Filippo, a friend of BrantSme, ii

192

Piero, father of Filippo, his library,

» 275
Tito-Vespasiano, father of Ercole,

neo-Latin poet, i 147
Sturm, John, letter to Jean du Bellay

about Rabelais, i 179; and see i 22
Sully, Maximilien de Bethune, Due de,

his visit to Montaigne's chateau, ii 147;

his memoirs, 212 215
Susanneau, Hubert, i 182
Sylvester, Joshua, his translation of Du

Bartas, ii 38
Sylvius, see Dubois
Syrus, Publilius, his Sentential, ii 7



Tabourot, Estienne, his writings, ii 183 ;
reference to his Bigarrures, i 190,

259- 3°2
Tacitus, influence of, on D'Aubigne,

translation of his Annals, i 39,

ii 254
Tahureau, Jacques, his poetry, ii 15-16 ;

his pessimistic vein. 1 7; his Dialogues,

i.S; his epigram on Rabelais, i [8?
Tardif, Guillaume, his version of Valla's

Facetiae morales, i 40; of Poggio's

Facetiae, 98
Tartas, Jean de, principal of the College

of Lisieux at Paris, i 17; of the

College of Guienne at Bordeaux, i/>.,

21
Tasso, Bernardo, his residence in France.

i 43
Tasso, Torquato, translations of his

Aminta, anil his influence on French

pastoral drama, ii 116; his influence

on Bertaut, 270
Tavannes, see Saulx
Tebaldeo, Antonio, imitated by Tyard,

ii 1 ; by Desportes, 48
Terence, translation of his Andria by

Ch. Estienne, i 39; of his Eunuchus

and Heautontimoroumenos by J. -A.

de Baif, ii 7, 10S ; his influence on

Renaissance comedy, 102
Teresa, St, her writings popular in

France, ii 302
Thevet, Andre, i 149, ii 332
Thomas, Hubert, of Liege (Leodius),

his report of Francis ['s conversation,

i 5
Thou, Christophe de, ii 281-282

Jacques Auguste de, his Latin

history, ii 221-222
Thucydides, translation of, i 36
Tiraqueau, Andre, jurist, i 165, 167, 169,

1S2

Tolet, Pierre, a physician at Lyons, i 24

Tory, GeofFroy, studies in Italy, 1 32 ;

a professor at Paris, ib.\ becomes a

bookseller and a woodcutter, //'. ; his

Champ Jtcury, il>. ; his reforms in

orthography, 33; his translations o(

(Ireek writings, 36; and see [85

Toulouse, ils poetical school, i 69;

University of, 22, 272
Toumon, Francoisde, < lardinal, mir
of Francis I, Governor of Lyons,
i 24: his patronage ol men ol letters,
ib.; an Italian scholar, 44; compels
Marot to make a public recantation

of heresy, 67

Toms, Pierre de, Lyon, printei and

publisher, i 177
Toussain, Jacques, royal profes "i "l



360



INDEX



Greek, i 16 ; his death and the
character of his learning, 280 ;
tutor to J. -A. de Baif, ii 5

Toutain, Charles, a member of the
Poitiers circle, ii 18; his imitation
of Seneca's Agamemnon, 76

Tragi -comedy, ii 97-99

Trepperel, Jean, Paris printer, i 98
n. 2 ; his widow, ib.

Trissino, Giangiorgio, his Sofonisba,
ii 75 ; a translation by Saint-Gelais
performed at Blois, ib.

Tristan, i 156, 157 n. 1

Trivulce, Pompone de, Governor of
Lyons, i 24

Turnebe, Adrien (Turnebus), his repu-
tation as a lecturer, i 274; his rank
as a classical scholar, 281 ; his
editions of /Eschylus and Sophocles
and his Adversaria, ib.

Odet de, his Les Contents, ii

1 1 r

Turpi 11, i 158

Turquet, Jean, i 188

Turrin, Claude, his poems in imitation

of Du Bellay's Regrets, i 346
Tyard, Pontus de, his claim to have

popularised the sonnet in France,

i 341 ; his poetry, ii 1, 1

Ulenspiegel, i 99, 200

Valentin el Orson, i 157 n. 1
Valla, his Facetiae morales, i 40
Vatable, Francois, royal professor of

Hebrew, i 16; his death, 280; and

see 225
Vaugelas, his praise of Amyot, i 288
Vauquelin de la Fresnaye, Jean, a

member of the Poitiers circle, ii 18;

his Forcsteries, 62 ; his public life, ib. ;

characteristics of his poetry, 63-64;

his satires, 65, 296; his Art poe/ique,

65-66; and see i 190
Vauzelles, George de, i 24

Jean de, ib.

Matthieu de, ib.

Vergecio, Angelo, copyist of Greek
mss., enters the service of Francis I,
i 18; makes a list of the Greek mss.
at Fontainebleau, ib.
Vers mesures, experiments in, ii 8
Versoris, Pierre, his speech on behalf of
the Jesuits, ii 282



Vesalius, Andreas, begins his studies at

Montpellier, i 22; his account of the

study of anatomy at Paris, 176
Vieilleville, Francois de Scepeaux,

Marshal de, his memoirs, ii 210-

211
Vienne, Philibert de, i 48
Vigneulles, Philippe de, his unpublished

collection of stories, i 100
Vignier, Nicolas, historian, ii 223
Yignola, Giacomo Barozzoda, architect,

invited to France by Francis I, i 6
Villers-Cotterets, chateau of, i 13;

edict of, 30
Villon, Francois, i 55, 64, 72, 78, 198
Vincent, Jacques, his translation of

Boiardo, i 46 ; of Palmerin de Ingla-

terra and Flores y Blancajior, 162
Vinci, Leonardo da, at the French

court, i 6
Yinciguerra, Marcantonio, the creator of

satire, proper in Italy, ii 293
Yinet, Elie, joint-author of the Discours

non plus melancoliques que divers,

i 261
Vintimille, Jacques de, translator of the

Cyropaedia, i 24, 36
Violier des histoires romaines, the, i 99,

100
Viret, Pierre, Calvin's dedication to,

i 233; his writings, 235; his use of

the dialogue form, /'/'.; and see 254
Virgil, translations of, i 38; Ronsard

and, 324 ; imitation of by Uu Bartas,

ii 41
Vitry, Jacques de, Bishop of Acre, i 96
Philippe de, Bishop of Meaux,

Vivonne, Anne de, mother of Brantome,
a devisante of the Heptameron, i 108

Voiture, Vincent, i 151

Voulte, Jean, or Visagier, called
Vulteius, Latin poet, i 26, 182

Wechel, Chrestien, Paris printer and

publisher, i 1 78
YYingle, Pierre, printer of the Protestant

Bible, i 41
YVolmar, Melchior, teaches Calvin

Greek, i 225

Xenophon, translations of, i 36
Yver, see Iver



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