mer of 1902 when Mr. Washington informed me that I had
"been selected to fill the place of Conference Agent for the
school. I accepted the work, remained in it for two years
and then entered Leonard Medical College. During the four
years at College I worked in Pullman cars, earning enough
during vacations to pay school expenses at the next term.
I was graduated in Medicine in 1908 and have been practiz-
ing at Oxford, N. C, since that time. While at Tuskegee I
won the Joseph Frye prize."
On August 3, 1909, Dr. Booher was married to Miss
Ira Mae Shaw of Montgomery, Ala. They have two child-
dren, Mary Louise and William John Booher. He volun-
teered in the M. R. C. during the war and in 1917 was com-
missioned First Lieutenant.
Dr. Booher has traveled extensively and in 1903 toured
Europe. While in school he was active in college athletics,
454 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
especially football and tennis. In his reading he puts the
Bible first. Since he has been practicing he has invented a
poison bottle. He is school physician at the Mary Potter
School, Oxford, and local examiner for the Standard Life In-
surance Co. Among the secret orders, he is a member of
the Masons, Odd Fellows, Gideons, Royal Knights, and the*
Granville Helpers. He is President of the latter order. He
has investments both at Oxford and in Florida.
Owen Richardson Gordon
Some men start out on a career which points to success:
and after making an excellent start, begin to settle down..
They continue to settle until they finally disappear from*
sight. Other, less favored men, recognizing difficulties in=
the way, buckle on their armor, prepare for the fight and,,
continuing to struggle, grow with the years. They firmly
establish the work on which they are engaged and make for
themselves a place among their people.
Dr. Owen Richardson Gordon, pastor of the Nazareth:
Baptist Church of Asheville, is a man of the latter type-
He is a native of Sumter Co., Ala., where he was born Oct..
16, 1867. His father, Rev. Allen Gordon, was a Baptist:
minister, and the son of Benjamin and Malinda Gordon.
His mother, before her marriage, was Tempie Anne Ramsay.
Young Gordon worked on the farm until he was twen-
ty-seven years of age. Up to that time he had only such
opportunities for an education as were afforded by the local:
public schools. In fact, he has never been to college al-
though he is now a man of liberal education.
While working on the farm he was converted, after
reaching maturity, and joined the First Baptist church at
Gainesville, Ala., which was his father's old church. Al-
most at once, he felt called to the work of the ministry and
yet he rebelled at the idea, and fought off the impression,,
for a dozen years. Finally, yielding himself to the divine:
<D 7% -4*~£+*,
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 455
leadership, he was licensed to preach by the Mt. Nebo Bap-
tist church at Patton Junction, Ala., and on the second
Sunday in November, 1901, was ordained to the full work
of the ministry by Lee's Chapel Baptist church at Brook-
side, Ala. He had already accepted the pastorate of this
church, which he served for eight years so that once he had
fully committed himself to the work of the ministry, he
forged rapidly ahead. A course of study has been estab-
lished under the John C. Martin Fund, and he availed him-
-self of this in an effort to better equip himself for his
^vork. Not only this, but his contract with the leading edu-
cators and theologians of the race drew out the best there
was in the young man as he sought to adapt himself to the
demands of his work. After a successful pastorate of eight
years at Lee's Chapel, he accepted a call from the New Hope
Baptist church near Birmingham, where he remained for
eighteen months. At the urgent request of the brethren
"he accepted the position of associational missionary for
the Mt. Pilgrim Baptist Association and labored in that field
four months. Feeling however, that his work was that of
the pastorate, rather than general field duties, he accepted a
•call from Rosedale church, which he pastored for three
years and went from there to Pratt City for three years.
From Pratt City he went to Republic for four years, and
there erected a new house of worship. His next charge was
the Dora Baptist church, which he served two years and
"while on that work also built a new house. This pastorate
was followed by one of five months at Empire when he ac-
cepted a call from the Nazareth Baptist Church of Ashe-
ville, where he has just closed the third year of successful
work (1920). The house of worship has been put in good
-condition and many new members added to the congregation.
His worth in the denomination is recognized and he has been
elected moderator of the local association. While in Ala-
bama he was for seven years corresponding secretary of the
^Sunday School District Convention.
Dr. Gordon is enthusiastic in his work and makes
friends wherever he goes. The secret of his success seems
456 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
to lie in the feci that he has never ceased to grow. He
seeks to learn, and apply new lessons from those with whom
he comes in contact and while he is a man of executive
ability, and has the qualifications of a leader, still he is not
autocratic or dictatorial in his methods. He works harmo-
niously with his people and with the brotherhood generally
and is one of the strong men of the denomination in west-
ern North Carolina.
At the age of nineteen he was married to Miss Sallie
Williams, of Gainesville. Ala. She passed away after two
and a half years. Dr. Gordon was married, the second time.
to Miss Mattie Jones, of Mississippi. After twenty-nine
years she. too. passed to her reward. Since coming to
Asheville. Dr. Gordon was married the third time on Octo-
ber 8. 1917, to Miss Lorena Colley. a native of Lexington,
S. C. who enters most sympatheteially indeed into the wo. 1 ..
of her husband.
While no accurate record of the number of persons he
tized has been kept, it would mount far into the
Dr. Gordon's property interests are in Alabama. His
secret order affiliations are with the Odd Fellows and the
Woodv Lemuel Home
The life and work of a brilliant young man like Dr..
Lemuel Home who established himself in his home
town and is quietly going about the business of being a
good citizen while successfully carrying on his professional
career, is the very best exponent of the race in the South.
or anywhere else. A man of Dr. Home's versatility might
have succeeded in almost any line of work, but he chose
the profession of dentistry and. although still on the sunny-
side of thirty, has already built up a paying practice in the
prosperous little city of Rocky Mount, where he was born
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 457
August 24, 1892. His father, Pompey Home, died when
the boy was about sixteen years of age. His mother, Har-
riet Home, .still survives. His maternal grandmothei
a Battle and his paternal grandparents were Franci
As a boy he attended the public schools until an inde-
pendent one was established at Rocky Mount, of which his
father was a moving spirit. He passed from this to the
Brick School at Enfield where he was a special student for
three years. He specialized in mechanics with a view to
his future work as a dentist. From the Brick School he
went to the National Training School at Durham from which
he was graduated in 1012. After that he was called to the
A. & T. College at Greensboro, and was for two years As-
sistant Secretary of that institution. While there he or-
ganized the commercial course at the summer school. He
resigned his position to matriculate at Howard Univ
for his dental course, which he completed in 1017. He
brought his stenography and knowledge of commercial work
into play and was thus enabled to pay the expenses of his
course at Howard. He recalls with gratitude the influence
of Dr. Sid P. Hilliard, of Rocky Mount, for whom he worked
at a boy and who greatly encouraged and inspired him
through the years. He was active and popular as a student,
was on the base-ball team at Durham and was coach while
at Greensboro. His favorite reading is along mechanical
and scientific lines.
Immediately after completing the course and pass
the necessary examinations, he opened an office in Rocky
Mount and in the comparatively short time he has been be-
fore the public has already won success. He is a member
of the National Medical Association, The Inter-State and
The Old North State Dental Associations, being secretary of
the latter. He is one of the Vice Presidents of the State
Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association. Among
the fraternal and secret orders he holds membership in the
Masons, I. B. P. 0. E. of W. and Pythians. He belongs to
the Congregational Church.
458 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
On April 28, 1917, Dr. Home was married to Miss Aiv
nie H. Catlett, of Washington, D. C. She is a B. S. of How-
ard University and was a teacher in the city of Washington
before her marriage.
Joseph Andrew Rollins
North Carolina is indebted to South Carolina for one
of her efficient educators and ministers in the person of
Rev. Joseph Andrew Rollins, A. B., S. T. B., the popular
pastor of the Presbyterian Church and Principal of the pub-
lic school at Gastonia.
He was born in the historic old city of Charleston on
Sept. 10, 1872, and laid the foundation for his education at
Wallingford Academy of Charleston. As a young man he
worked at the shoemaker's trade, which he had learned pre-
viously. Just as he was reaching manhood he came into
the work of the Presbyterian church and by the time he
was nineteen had definitely decided to take up the work of
the Gospel ministry. In order that he might properly fit
himself for this great work he entered Biddle University
and won the Bachelor's degree in 1894. Three years later
he completed the Theological course.
On April 25, 1899, Rev. Rollins was married to Miss
Lavinia Young, an accomplished teacher of Greenville, S. C.
She was educated at Benedict College. They have four
children: Joseph M., Andrew M., Cecilia Sue and Lavinia
Rev. Rollins' first pastorate was at Watterboro, S. C,
where he preached for three years. The church house and
parsonage were repaired and the congregation built up.
At the end of three years he was called to Monroe and pre-
sided over that work for seven years with success. In
1907 he was called to the Third Street Presbyterian Church
and moving to that city was also made Principal of the pub-
lic school. Both the church and the school work have pros-
JOSEPH ANDREW ROLLINS
460 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
pered under his administration. During the vacation pe-
riods of his later college years he did missionary work on
the islands of the South Carolina coasts for which he was
peculiarly adapted. Looking back over the days of his boy-
hood and youth, he considers the influences of his parents
the most potent in shaping his life. Apart from his pro-
fessional reading his favorite lines are History and Biogra-
He was a delegate to the General Assembly which sat
at Louisville, Ky., in 1912, and is Chairman of the Com-
mittee on Ministerial Relief in his local Presbytery. He
belongs to the Masons, but has taken no active part in poli-
tics. He believes that the material progress of the people
as well as their growth in intelligence depends on the right
sort of schools. He owns an attractive home in Gastonia.
Charles Warwick Francis
Rev. Charles Warwick Francis of Huntersville comes to
North Carolina from the sister State of South Carolina.
He was born near Sumter in that State on April 12, 1887.
His parents were Elliott and Alvirah (Dixon) Francis. His
maternal grandmother was Phoebe Dixon. On the father's
side his grandmother was Ellen Francis.
At an early age young Francis was adopted by the
Retf. Mr. Frazier by whom he was reared. He was given
his elementary and preparatory education at Dorchester
Academy in Liberty Co., Ga. From Dorchester he passed
to Biddle University and including his Theological course
was at that institution for nine years. He won his A. B.
degree in 1915 and completed his course in the seminary
in 1918 with degree of S. T. B. As a boy he worked on
the farm and later at hotel. He was an industrious, intelli-
gent youth, and made a school record of which he need
never be ashamed. When about nineteen and merging
into manhood he was converted and two or three years later
CHARLES WARWICK FRANCIS
462 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
felt called to preach. During two vacations he taught
school in Georgia.
On June 11, 1919, he was married to Miss Almena Mar-
tin of Oswego, S. C. She was educated at Scotia Seminary
and was before her marriage a teacher.
Mr. Francis now (1919) pastors two churches, Hunters-
ville, where he resides and Caldwell in Mecklenburg Co. He
has traveled considerably in the eastern part of America.
His reading next after the Bible runs largely to the classics.
As he looks back over the years of his boyhood and youth
he attributes to the life and example of Booker T. Washing-
ton and Rev. Mr. Frazier the credit for the shaping of his
life. Thus the lives of these great and good men is reflected
in the life of Rev. Francis and their influence through him
extended to others as inspiring and helpful. As he looks
into the future he is of the opinion that productive Christian
education is the greatest single need of the race.
Thomas Alexander Long
Lack of opportunity may hinder and poverty may re-
tard the progress of an aspiring youth, but neither can de-
feat the boy who makes uo his mind to equip himself for
some great work in life and faithfully and intelligently sets
about the task. Prof. Thomas Alxeander Long of Biddle
University is an illustration of this. He was born at Frank-
linton, N. C. His father, S. L. Long, was the local under-
taker and cabinet maker, and the boy was taught to do
cabinet work. His mother, before her marriage, was Miss
Maria White. Prof. Long's paternal grandfather was
Thomas Long, for whom he is named. His maternal grand-
mother was Lucy (Levister) White. It should be mentioned
that S. L. Long, the father, was a slave in Virginia and
bought himself from his master before the Civil War, in
1858, paying the bill by working at his trade at night and
doing extra tasks by day. He then set out to build a home
and a business enterprise of his own.
THOMAS ALEXANDER LONG
464 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
When he came of school age, young Long attended the
local public schools, from which he passed to the State Nor-
mal at Franklinton. Such was his record here as a student
that he was soon called to teach in the institution. Coming
thus early into educational work he showed an aptitude for
teaching which has led to prominence in his profession.
When ready for his regular college work he went to Lincoln
University, Pa., where he won his Bachelor's degree in 1892
and his A. M. and S. T. B. degrees followed. Later he won
the Ph. D. degree. He has done post graduate work in
Science and Languages at Columbia University, New York,
and has attended summer school at Univ. of Pa. and Har-
vard Univ. On completion of his work at Lincoln he was
elected principal of the high school at Danville, Va., where
he remained for fifteen years. While there he was active
in the work of the Presbyterian church of which he is an
elder and was superintendent of the Sunday school there
No account of Prof. Long's work would be complete
without some mention of his attainments as a musician. He
began the study of music at an early age and was able to
use his talent to help himself through school. He took
private lessons, studied at Rieger's Studio, Niagara, New
York, and at the New England Conservatory, Boston. He
excells as a musician and has for several years had charge
of the quintette at the General Assemblies of his church,
the Presbyterian Church, U. S. A. He has served as com-
missioner to the General Assembly several times, North and
West, going as far as California.
In 1907 he was called to Biddle University, where he
teaches Physics, Latin and Music.
In 1913 Prof. Long, as delegate from North Carolina,
attended the World's Sunday School Convention at Zurich,
Switzerland, and while abroad traveled extensively in con-
tinental Europe and England. He has done considerable
summer school work, having taught three summers in the
Chautauqua and Training School with Dr. J. E. Shepard at
Durham, N. C.
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 465
Prof. Long is Secretary of the Catawba Synodical S. S.
Convention comprising Va. and N. C, and has served more
than 20 years. He belongs to the Grand United Order of
Odd Fellows. He believes that the permanent progress of
the race must be based on Christian education and thrift.
His property interests are in Franklinton, Charlotte, and in
William Haywood Horton
Rev. William Haywood Horton, a prominent minister
of the A. M. E. Zion connection, now (1920) residing at San-
ford, has been a Christian since he was eleven years of age
and has been preaching the Gospel since he was nineteen.
The years of his ministry have been filled with self-sacrific-
ing service in central North Carolina. He is a native of
Chatham Co. His father was John Horton ana his mother
Essie Horton. William was born August 22, 1868, and at-
tended the local public schools during his boyhood days. He
was converted when eleven years old and joined the Chris-
tian church. By the time he was sixteen he definitely made
up his mind to preach. This purpose gave tone and direc-
tion to his school and college work. He attended college at
Franklinton Christian College, where he studied for four
years but did not remain to graduate. For seven years he
taught in the rural schools of Wilson Co.
Mr. Horton began as a local preacher of the Christian
denomination at Rocky Branch, which he served for nine
years. Here a new house of worship was erected and his
services were soon in such demand that he was preaching
every Sunday in the month. He pastored the Poplar
Springs church for six years, Aberdeen ten years, Kyser
four years, Durham four years and Pittsboro four years.
He remodeled the churches at the first three places and
built new churches at Durham and Pittsboro.
In 1908 he withdrew from the Christian church and
466 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
joined the A. M. E. Zion conference. His first appoint-
ment under this regime was the Greensboro circuit, which
he served for two years, during which time the church was
seated and covered. He went from Greensboro to Concord,
where he remained for a year, after which he was sent to
the Sanford Station for two years. While here a new par-
sonage was erected and the church paid out of debt. After
that he served the Chestnut circuit one year, Geese Grove
circuit one year, Hollins circuit one year, Cumnock circuit
one year and is now in his second year at Dunn Station. Mr.
Horton sings well and has used this accomplishment to
great advantage in his work.
Mr. Horton has had a fruitful ministry and has brought
many new members into the churches in both denominations
with which he has been identified. He is a firm believer
in that scripture which says "Trust in God and He will
give thee the desire of thine heart."
On April 22, 1903, he was united in matrimony to
Miss Nettie Taylor, a daughter of Thomas and Alice Taylor,
of Pittsboro. Of the four children born to them three are
living, William T., Almira W. and Zenaba H. Horton.
Mr. Horton belongs to the Masons and Odd Fellows.
The family has resided at Sanford for a number of years,
where he owns an attractive home. He also owns considera-
ble real estate in and around Sanford.
Charles Constantine Stewart
Not a few of the most successful colored physicians
of the South are British West Indians. On account of their
superior advantages in the government schools, they are, as
a rule, men of good general education and unusual intelli-
gence. Retaining as they usually do their British citizen-
ship, they take no part in party politics but with singleness
of purpose devote themselves to their chosen profession.
Almost without exception they have succeeded.
CHARLES CONSTANTINE STEWART
468 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
One of these successful physicians and surgeons is Dr.
Charles Constantine Stewart of Greensboro. Dr. Stewart
is a native of Jamaica where he was born on Sept. 8, 1885.
His father, Chas. J. Stewart, was a teacher, and his mother's
maiden name was Miss Agnes Sangster. His paternal
grandfather was Chas. Stewart and his maternal grand-
mother was Rebecca Sangster.
Dr. Stewart laid the foundation of his education in
the free schools of Jamaica. He came to the States in
1905. He matriculated in the medical department of How-
ard University for his medical course and won his M. D.
degree in 1911. This was followed by one year as Interne
at the Freedman's Hospital in Washington after which he
settled down to the regular practice. In 1913 he located
at Greensboro where he has since resided and where he has
built up a good practice. He gives special attention to sur-
gery and is superintendent of the local hospital. He is
also Sec. and Treas. of The Gate City Drug Co., Inc.
On Nov. 27, 1914, Dr. Stewart was married to Mrs.
Anna Bulloch of Greensboro.
Dr. Stewart has no visionary ideas about success. He
considers the biggest factors in his own career economy,
honesty and careful attention to details in business and pro-
fession. He believes that the surest way to progress for
the race is the encouragement of race loyalty, economy
Dr. Stewart is a member of the M. E. church and is
identified with the Masons and the Elks.
Willie Edward Dent
In both races, the insurance field has attracted some
of the brightest minds and best workers. One of the suc-
cessful young men of Wake Co. who though still in his
early twenties has already made good is Willie Edward
Dent of Wake Forest. He was born at Roseville, Aug. 26,
WILLIE EDWARD DENT AND FAMILY
470 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
1894. His father, Rev. Janatus R. Dent is a son of Paul
and Candice Dent. Mr. Dent's mother was, before her
marriage, Bettie Anne Johnson. She is a daughter of Sid-
ney and Annie Johnson, all hard working people.
When the subject of this biography came of school
age he entered the public school at Wake Forest and later
went to Kittrell College, though he did not remain to gradu-
ate from lacks of means.
During his early youth Mr. Dent was inclined to the
follies of youth. Fortunately he soon came to see in which
direction he was tending and had the courage to turn about.
He identified himself with the Baptist church and Sunday
School and is now a deacon in his local church and Secre-
tary of his Sunday School.
When he began working for himself he found an open-
ing in the insurance field and identified himself with the
N. C. Mutual. Neither has had occasion to regret the con-
nection. His work has been of such character as to com-
mend him t othe best people of both races.
On March 19, 1916, Mr. Dent was married to Miss
Mary Lula Cooke, a daughter of Rev. Henderson T. and
Mariah D. Cooke. They have two children: Jocelyn Cook
and Willie Edward Dent, Jr.
Mr. Dent belongs to the Masons. His property is at
Wake Forest. He believes the future welfare of the race
lies along the lines of good citizenship, Christian living and
the protection of the women of the race.
Edward MacKnight Brawley
Edward MacKnight Brawley was born in Charleston,
S. C, March 18, 1851, the son of James M. and Ann L.
(Vaughn) Brawley. He attended grammar and high schools
in Philadelphia, entered Howard University, Washington,
D. C, transferred to Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Penn.,
from which institution he received the A. B. degree in 1875.
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 471
The A. M. degree was later conferred by Bucknell and the
D. D. by State University, Louisville, Ky. He first married
Mary Warrick of Petersburg, Va., by whom he became the
father of one daughter. Both mother and daughter died,
and on December 4, 1879, he married Margaret Sophronia
Dickerson, of Columbia, S. C, by whom he became the fa-
ther of nine children, six boys and three girls. Of these
six survive, the oldest being Benjamin Brawley, author and
historian. The others are Mrs. A. R. Stewarx, J. Loomis
Brawley, F. Fustin Brawley, Edgar L. Brawley and Mrs.