maduke, who married a daughter of Stirley ; Anne, mar-
ried to Robert Wright, of Plow, in the county of Lincoln ; and
Magdalen, to John Thwenge, of Overhelmslie, and had Marma-
duke Thwenge, aged twenty-four, in 1584; William, Anne, and
Margery. '' Thomas, the eldest son, living in 1584, married Do-
rothy, daughter of Marmaduke Thwaites, by whom he had six
sons and two daughters; Marmaduke; Thomas; Johnj Thwaites;
a Lodge. b Ibid.
LORD VERULAM. 211
Walter, who manned Dorothy, daughter and coheir to Marma-
duke Thirkeld, of Estrop, Esq. ; Christopher, who married Eliz-
abeth, daughter of Martin Barney, of Gunston in Norfolk, and
had a son Barney; Elinor, married to William Thornton of
Newton ; and Cicely to Robert Saltmarsh, of Saltmarsh in York-
shire, Esqrs. Marmaduke, the eldest son, married Frances,
daughter of George Gill, of Hertford, by whom he had Thomas
his heir, who left no issue ; but some of the name and family yet
subsist in Yorkshire.
Second, Robert, ancestor to the present peer.
Third, John, Dean of Windsor in 1418.
Robert, the second son, leaving Yorkshire, became seated ia
the county of Suffolk, in the reign of Henry V. by his marriage
with the daughter of Sir Anthony Spilman, by whom he was
Edward Grimston, who succeeded him in lands at Rise-
hungles and Ipswich in that county, and married, first, Philippa,
daughter of John, Lord Tiptoft, sister and coheir to John, Earl of
Worcester, and widow of Thomas, Lord Roos, by whom having
no issue, he married, secondly, Mary, daughter of William Drury,
of Rougham in Suffolk, Esq. and by her had four sons and three
daughters, of whom Elizabeth was married to Henry Reepes, and
had Elizabeth, married to Thomas Holt, of Swanstead ; Francis,
married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Leman, and had John
and Thomazine ; and John, married Dorothy Sidner, and had a
John, the third son, was ancestor to the Grimstons of Nor-
folk and Essex.
Edward, the eldest, marrying Margaret, eldest daughter of
Thomas Hervey, Esq. left
Edward his heir, who by Anne, daughter of John Garnish,
of Kenton in Suffolk, Esq. was father of
Sir Edward, who in the reign of Queen Elizabeth served in
several parliaments for the borough of Ipswich j was knighted by
her Majesty ; called into her privy-council 3 and continued by
her, comptroller of Calais, having been so appointed August 30th,
J 552, by King Edward VI.
In the beginning of 1558, that place being taken by the
Duke of Guise, Sir Edward, the comptroller, was among the
principal prisoners. Having, according to the duty of his post,
frequently given advice of the ill condition of the garrison, (but
212 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
whether they, to whom he wrote, were corrupted by the French,
French, or that the low estate of the treasury occasioned the want
of supply), it was resolved he should not return to England to dis-
cover the reason, and therefore was suffered to lie a prisoner in
the Bastile, without any care taken of him or his fellow-captives;
and the ransom set on him was so high, that having lost a great
estate, which he had purchased about Calais, he determined to
prejudice his family no further by redeeming his liberty at so high
a rate, intending either to remain a prisoner, or make his escape;
the latter of which he thus effected.
After about two years confinement, being lodged in the top
of the Bastile, he chanced to procure a file, with which cutting
out one of the window bars, and having a rope conveyed to him,""
he changed clothes with his servant, and descended by the rope,
which proving a great deal too short, he was obliged to take a
long leap, which he did without hurt, and, before the outer gates
were shut, made his escape undiscovered. But his beard, which
was long, made him apprehend that he should be known by it ;
yet by a happy providence, finding in his servant's pocket a pair
of scissars, he so disfigured it, as to render such a discovery very
difficult, and having learned tlie art of war in company with the
Scots guard de Mauche, he spoke that dialect, and so passed for a
Scots pilgrim ; by which means he escaped to England, and offer-
ing to take his trial, made his innocence so evident, that the jury
werft ready to acquit him without leaving the court.
He lived to a great age, deceasing in his ninety-eighth year ;
and having been twice married, left issue by his first wife •= a son
Edward Grimston, Esq. who was seated at Bradfield in
Essex, and 31 Eliz. served in parliament for the borough of Eye,
Suffolk, his father then living. He married Joan, daughter and
coheir to Thomas Risby, of Lavenham in Suffolk, Esq, (whose
mother was daughter and coheir to John Harbottle, of Crosfield
in the same county, Esq.) by which marriage he considerably en-
larged his estate ; and departing this life August 15th, l6lO, left
two sons, Harbottle and Henry, who were both knighted, and
married two sisters.
Sir Henry, the younger, had issue a son Edward, vi-ho lies
buried in Beaconsfield church, Bucks, with this memorial :
LORD VERULAM. 213
Here lyetb the Body of
Edward Grimstone, Esq.
Son of Henry Grimstone
Knt. who died the 17th of
Sir Harbottle Grimston, ofBradfield, the elder son, was
advanced to the dignity of a £a ro 72 e/ November 25th, l6l2 ; and
being a gentleman well esteemed in his countr}', was sheriff of
Essex in l6l4, * and chosen its representative in three parlia-
inents during the reign of Charles I. He married Elizabeth,
daughter of Ralph Coppenger, of Stoke in Kent, Esq. and dying
about the year 1640, had issue five sons.
First, Edward, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas
jSIassam, Esq. and died before liis father without issue.
Second, Harbottle, who succeeded.
Fourth, Thomas ; and
Henrj', the third son, died young, and was buried in th«
ebancel of Islington church under a fair stone, witli this incrip-
(Filics Harbotelli Grimeston
Miiitis et Baronetti
Ed Christi Regno sum.
©ui moritur vivir, Christo huic.
Mors semita, Ductor
Angelus, ad Vitam janua
Hac Iter ad Superos, calcans
Intrabam Christi regia
. die Mensis Julii, An. Dom. I627.
^ Le Neve's Monument. Angl
e Fuller's Worthies-
214 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
Sir Harbottle Grimston, the second Baronet, having his
education in the inns of court, was well versed in the laws, and
the ancient customs and usage of parliaments j and behaved with
a steady zeal to the true interest of his country, in the distracted
time of the civil war. He well knew and observed the bounds
between arbitrary power and legal duty, which di-posilion caused
him to oppose and refuse the payment oi illegal taxes (on which
account his father had been imprisoned m the Fleet) and in \he
parliament, which met April 3d, J640, being member for Col-
chester, for which he served to his death, he was one of the first
that insisted on the calling those persons to account, who had ad-
vised the levying ship-money, and in an excellent speech on that
subject, said, " He was persuaded that they, who gave their opi-
nions for the legality of it, did it against the dictamen of their
own conscience," But as he only intended the reform of such
invasions on the liberty and property of the subject ; so did he
endeavour, with all his interest> to pacify the minds of those, who
were set upon extorting extravagant demands from their sove-
reign ; for he rather continued to sit, than concur with the long
parliament, till after the treaty with the King in the Isle of
Wight, of which he was one of the commissioners ; and, as Lord
Clarendon observes, behaved himself so, that his Majesty was
well satisfied with him ; and pressing the acceptance of the King's
concessions, was, after his return, excluded by force, with others,
from sitting in the house of commons. He was, besides, the
more obnoxious, for having been instrumental in procuring part
of the army to be disbanded, for performing which at the several
places of rendezvous he was appointed, May 29th, 1 647, one of
the commissioners. And when the King was brought to his
trial, the persons in power had such apprehensions of his duty to
his Majesty, and his interest v.'ith the army and people, that they
put him under confinement, and did not release him till after the
King's death, as appears by this warrant.
" You are, on sight hereof, to set at liberty Sir Harbottle
Grimston, he having engaged himself not to act, or do any thing
to the disservice of the parliament or army. Given under my
band the 30th day of January 1(348.
" To the Marshal-General, or his Deputy."
When he had signed a protestation, declaring all acts to be
LORD VERULAM. 215
void, which from the time of his expulsion, had been done in the
house of commons, he contented himself with waiting the return
of the people to their allegiance, and lived retired, until General
Monk paved the way for the King's restoration ; about which
time the excluded members returning to the house, ^ all who
meant well to the King, contrived liis election for Speaker, to
which he was chosen April 25th, lO'GO, and the before-mentioned
noble author tells us, " that he submitted to it, out of a hope and
confidence, that the designs it was laid for would succeed." And
so just a sense had the King of his merits, and endeavours to pro-
mote the restoration, that he called him into his privy-council,
and November 3d, 166O, made him Master of the Rolls ;
which honourable post he very judiciously executed, to the satis -
f The corporation of Colchester sent him the following letter :
" As we cannot but with thankfulness acknowledge the mercy of God to
the nation in general, so more particularly to this town, that after the many
changes and alterations we have been tossed in that now there is (as we are
credibly informed and do believe) a free admission of the members of the late
parliament, so long interrupted by force, we cannot but with much earnest-
ness (in the behalf of ourselves and the free burgesses of the town; make our
hunible request, that you will be pleased to return to that trust, to which you
were so freely and unanimously elected in the year 16401 which we do the
rather request out of the former experience, that not only this town but the
nation in general hath had of your faithfulness and ability, and the many
miseries and calamities we have groaned under since your absence ; and as
we formerly had the honour of sending so eminent and worthy a ifiember, so
we shall hope 'by the blessing of God upon your endeavours) that not only
ourbclves but the whole nation in general shall have cause to bless God for
your return, and in his due time reap the benefit of your councils and labour
in that great assembly. Sir, we shall not farther trouble you at present, than
\o assure you, we are, as by many former favours bound to be,
•' Your faithful and humble servants,
'• Thomas Peeke, Mayor,
" John Shaw, Recorder.
" John Radhams,
•' John Gaell,
" Thomas Reynolds,
•' John Milbanks,
" Peter Johnson,
♦' Andrew Fomental,
« Colchester, Feb. 23d, 1659.
'« The rest of the Aldermen, viz. Mr. Reynolds at Eastgates, Captain
Rayner, and Mr. Jeremy Daniel, are not in town." Collections.
210 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
faction of all concerned in the law. s He was made recorder of
the corporation of Harwich for life, being the second who bore
that otiice, '^ and April 24th, l665, obtained a confirmation of
the franchises and immunities of that town ; being also by patent,
dated at Westminster July 27th, l6(54, made high stev/ard of St.
Albans for life, but died in January l6S3, in the eighty-second
year of his age.
*' He was descended," says Burnet, who lived many years
under his protection, " from a long-lived family; for his great
grandfather lived till he was ninety-eight ; his grandfather to
eighty-six ; and his father to seventy-eight; and himself to eighty-
two. He had to the last a great soundness of health, of memory,
and of judgment. He was bred to the study of the law, being a
younger brother. Upon his elder brother's death, he threw it
up. But falling in love with Judge Crooke's daughter, the father
would not bestow her on him, unless he would return to his stu-
dies, which he did with great success. That judge was one of
those, who delivered his judgment in the Exchequer-chamber,
against the ship-money, which he did with a long and learned
argument. And Sir Harbottle's father, who served in parliament
for Essex, lay long in prison, because he would not pay the loan-
money. Thus both his family and his wife's, were zealous for
the interest of their country. In the beginning of the long par-
liament, he was a great asserter of the laws : and inveighed se-
verely against all that had been concerned in the former illegal
oppression. His principle was, that allegiance and protection
were mutual obligations, and that the one went for the other. He
thought the law was the measure of both j and that when a legal
g He compiled and published the reports of law cases of Sir George
Crooke, Justice of the Common Pleas. He was well ie:id in the ancient
fathers of the churcli, and wrote in Latin, for the use of his fon, a small ma-
nual, containing the duty of a Christian. He also left in manuscript a journal
of the several debates in the treaty with King Charles I. at the Isle of Wight,
among which are many weighty aiguments concerning the liberty of the sub-
ject, and the authority of church government. His views and designs being
directed to the good of the public, which he had always at heart, he was the
less solicitous in the reign of Charles 1 1 . to be great at Ci U; t, though he held
a friendship and correspondence with many leading men, especially the Earl
of Clarendon, as appears by their letters. He was an h.)nouratjle friend, a
kind indulgent father and master, and finished his course like a pious, cha-
ritable and goodjlhiibtian, with a full assurance of happiness in another world,
h Dale's Hist, of Harwich.
LORD VERULAM. 217
protection was denied to one that paid a legal allegiance, the sub-
ject had a right to defend himself. He was much troubled, when
preachers asserted a divine right of regal government. He
thought it had no other effect but to give an ill impression of
thenij as aspiring men : nobody was convinced by it : it inclined
their hearers rather to suspect all they said besides; it looked like
the sacrificing their country to their own preferment ; and an
encouraging of princes to turn tyrants. Yet, when the long par-
liament engaged into the league with Scotland, he would not
swear the coven-ant; and he discontinued sitting in the hou.e till
it was laid aside. Then he came back, and joined with Hollis,
and the other presbyterians, in a high opposition to the indepen-
dents, and to Cromwell in particular : and he was one of the se-
cluded members that were forced out of the house. He followed
afterwards the practice of the law, but was always looked at as
one who wished well to the ancient government of England. So
he was chosen Speaker of the house that called home the King j
and had so great a merit In the whole afFair^ that he was soon
after, without any application of his own, made Master of the
Rolls ; in which post he continued to liis death, with a high re-
putation, as he well deserved it. For he was a just judge, very
slow, and ready to hear every thing that was offered, without pas-
sion or partiality, I thought his only fault was, that he was too
rich : and yet, he gave yearly sums in charity, dischirging rpsny
prisoners by paying their debts. He was a very pious and devout
man, and spent every day, at least an hour in the morning, and
as much at night, in prayer and meditation. And even in winter,
when he" was obliged to be very early on the bench, he took care
to rise so soon, that he had always the command of that time,
which he gave to those exercises. He was much sharpened
against popery ; but had always a tenderness to the dissenters,
though he himself continued still in the communion of the church.
His second wife, whom 1 knew, was niece to the great Sir Francis
Bacon ; and was the last heir of that family. She had all the
high notions for the church and the crown, in which she had
been bred ; but was the humblest, the devoutest, and best tem-
pered person I ever knew of that sort. It was really a pleasure to
hear her talk of religion; she did it with so much elevation and
force. She was always very plain in her clothes : and went oft
to jails to consider the wants of the prisoners, and relieve, or dis-
jcharge them ; zud, by the meanness of her dress^ she passed but
218 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
for a servant, trusted with the charities of others. When she
was travelling in the country, as she drew near a village, she often
ordered her coach to stay behind, till she had walked about it,
giving orders for the instruction of the children, and leaving libe-
rally for that end. With two such persons I spent several of my
years very happily." ^ He died in January, 1683. " Nature
sunk all at once," says Burnet, " he being then eighty-two. He
died, as he had lived, with great piety and resignation to the will
His first wife was Mary, daughter of Sir George Crooke, Knt.
■who, February 11th, l623, was made justice of the Common-
Pleas, by whom he had six sons and two daughters, of which sons
five died before him ; and
George, the eldest, dying in the twenty-third year of his age,
was interred under a monument in St. Michael's church, St.
Albans, leaving no issue by his wife Sarah, younger daughter and
coheir to Sir Edward Alston, Knight, M. D. ; who re-married,
first, with John, Duke of Somerset, and after with Henry Hare,
The daughters were, Mary, married to Sir Capel Luckyn^
Knt. and Bart.; and Elizabeth, in 1650, to Sir George Grubham
How, of Cold-Berwick in Wiltshire, Bart.
His second wife was Anne, elder daughter and at length heir
to Sir Nathaniel Bacon, of Culford-Hall in Suffolk, Knight of the
Bath, widow of Sir Thomas Meautysj by her he had an only
daughter Anne, who died young 5 and his Lady having the
manors of Gorhambury and Kingsbury near St. Albans settled on
her for life, he purchased the reversion thereof from Mr. Hercules
Meautys, nephew of Sir Thomas, the heir at law 5 the former of
which. Sir Samuel Grimston, his only surviving son, made the
principal place of his residence.
Which Sir Samuel, third Baronet, was born January /th,
1643, and having all the advantages of education, was an accom-
plished gentleman, and well esteemed in his country; served in
six several parliaments for the borough of St. Albans, during the
reigns of King Charles IL and King William; but was so ob-
noxious to King James II. that he excepted him out of his mani-
festo in 1692, when he had formed a design of landing in Eng-
land. He married, first, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Heneage
^ Burnet's Own Time, vol. i. p. 380.
LORD VERULAM. 21 9
Flnchj Earl of Nottingham, Chancellor of England, and by her
had an only daughter,
Elizabeth, the first wife to William Savile the second Mar-
quis of Hallifax, who by her had an only survivuig daughter,
Anne, the first wife of Thomas, Lord Bruce, son of Thomas, Earl
of Aylesbury, which Lady died July 18th, 17^7) in the twenty-
seventh year of her age.
His second wife was the Lady Anne Tufton, sixth and
youngest daughter of John, the second Earl of Thanet, and by
her, (who lies buried in the east part of the church-yard of Tew-
ing in Hertfordshire, under a tomb enclosed by iron rails, thus
Here lieth interred the Body of the Right
Honourable Lady Anne Grimston, Wife to Sir
Samuel Grimston, Bart, of Gorhambury in
Hertfordshire, Daughter to the late Right
Honourable Earl of Thanet, She depaited this
Life Nov. 22, 1 713, in the 60th Year of her age).
He had a son Edward, born July 22d, l6r4, and a daughter
Mary, born the year after; but they both dying young, the dig-
nity of Baronet expired with him, who deceased in Ocrober 170O,
in the fifty-second year of his age, leaving a great estate, under
certain limitations, to JFilliavi Liickyn, Esq. second son of Sir
JViUiam Luclyn, of Messing-Hall in Essex, Knt. and Bart, who
was son and heir to Sir Capei Lnckyn, by Mary, elder sister of
the said Sir Samuel Grimston.
Which family of Luckyn (his Lordship's paternal ancestors)
were of good antiquity in Essex, of which county Robert Luckyn,
Esq. was sheriff 16 Jac. I. as in 13 of Charles I. was Sir William
Luckyn, of Little Waltham, Knight, ' who. Match 2d, l628,
was created a Baronet; and in 1637 was sheriff of the said
county. He married Mildred, third daughter of Sir Gamaliel
Capel, of Rookwood-Hall in Essex, Knight, by whom he had two
daughters, Jane and Elizabeth ; annd two sons. Sir Capel, his
heir J and Sir William, also created a Baronet November 13th,
1661 3 but he leaving by Winifred his wife, third and youngest
daughter of Sir Richard Everard, of Much- Waltham in Essex,
1 Fuller's Worthies.
sao PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.
Bart, an.only daughter Anne, (married to Sir Henry Palmer, of
Wingham in Kent, Bart, who died without issue by her in 1706)
the title became extinct.
Sir Capel Luckyn, the second Baronet, born in 1621, was
member of parliament for Harwich in \6Q\, and married (as
already observed) Mary, elder daughter of Sir Harlottle Grim-
Stan: by her, who died March ]8th, 17I8, in the eighty-sixth
year of her age, he had a numerous issue, whereof William suc-
ceeded to the title and estate ; and the surviving daughters were
Mildred, married first to Thomas Smyth, of Blackmore in Essex,
Esq. ; and secondly, to Mr. Davison Browning, of London, linen
draper 3 and Sarah, first to Richard Saltonstall^ of South Oking-
don, Esq. ; and secondly to Dacre Barrett, of BcUhouse in Avely,
Essex, Esq. to whom she was third wife, and by him, who died
in 1723, had a daughter Catharine, married to Sir Philip Hall, of
Upton in Essex.
Sir William Luckyn, third Baronet, the second but eldest
surviving son, marrying Mary, daughter of William Sherington,
Esq. Alderman of London, had issue ten sons and five daughters,
First, Sir Harbottle, his successor, fourth Baronet, cup-
bearer to Queen Anne and King George IL who died February
4th, 1736, unmarried.
Second, William, adopted heir to Sir Samuel Grimston, and
advanced to the peerage.
Fifth, Charles, of Merton-coUege, Oxford, rector of Pedmersh
and Messing in Essex.
Eighth, George, who died at Messing-hall, February 5th,
1733, aet. thirty-seven.
Ninth, Sherington j and,
Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, Mildred, and Martha.
Sir William, the second son, ffth Baronet, and first Vis-
count Grimston, being adopted by his uncle Sir Samuel Grimston,
heir to his estate, in virtue of the limitation thereof assumed the
name of Grimston. In 171O, 1713, 1714, and 1727, he was
member of parliament for St. Albans, and created a peer of Ire-
LORD VERULAM. 221
land by privy-seal, dated at St. James's April 29th, and by patent •"
at Dublin May 2pth, 17^9> with the creation fee of twenty marcs,
and July 13th following, he took his seat in parliament,"
His Lordship"^ married Jane, daughter of James Cooke,
citizen of London, and deceased October 15, 1/56, aged seventy-
three, having had issue by her, who died March 12th, 1/65, in
the county of Heitford, nineteen children, whereof
Samuel the eMesi son, born December 28th, 1707» mar-
ried November 5th, 1730, Mary, daughter and heir to Henry
Lovell, of Coleman-street, London, Esq. Turkey-merchant, who
died in 1725, and was youngest son to Sir Salathiel Lovell, Baron
of the Exchequer, by whom he had a daughter bom April 1st,
1736, who died an infant 3 and deceasing in London, June J4tb,
1737* in the thirtieth year of his age, was interred in St. Nicho-
las's church, St. Albans, and his widow remarried with William,
Second, James, heir apparent.
Third, Harbottle, born December 2d, I7l2, was appointed
m The preamble. Cum nihil in bonum publicum magis cedat, quam
virtutem praemiis ornare, preesertim generis splendore illustiatam, virosquc.
egregiis gestis de patria benemeritos, et illustrissimas Angliae familias affini-
tate attingentes, honoribus augere : etcum hoc titulo se nobis prsecipue com-