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CHATS ON ENGLISH CHINA ***




Produced by Susan Skinner and the Online Distributed
Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net






[Transcriber’s Note: The following conventions are used in this text.

_italic text_
=bold text=
^{superscript}

Fractions are denoted as 1-1/2 for 1½.]


* * * * *


COMPANION VOLUME BY THE SAME AUTHOR


CHATS ON
ENGLISH EARTHENWARE

_With Coloured Frontispiece and 150 Illustrations
and Tables of over 200 Illustrated Marks._

CONTENTS

CHAPTER
I. HOW TO COLLECT: A CHAPTER FOR BEGINNERS

II. EARLY WARE

III. ENGLISH DELFT

IV. STONEWARE

V. EARLY STAFFORDSHIRE WARE—THOMAS WHIELDON: HIS
CONTEMPORARIES AND SUCCESSORS

VI. SALT-GLAZED WARE, STAFFORDSHIRE

VII. JOSIAH WEDGWOOD

VIII. THE SCHOOL OF WEDGWOOD

IX. LEEDS AND OTHER FACTORIES

X. TRANSFER-PRINTED WARE

XI. STAFFORDSHIRE FIGURES

XII. SWANSEA AND OTHER FACTORIES

XIII. LUSTRE WARE

XIV. LATE STAFFORDSHIRE WARE

INDEX




CHATS ON
ENGLISH CHINA


BOOKS FOR COLLECTORS

_With Frontispieces and many Illustrations._


CHATS ON ENGLISH CHINA.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON OLD FURNITURE.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON OLD PRINTS.
(How to collect and value Old Engravings.)
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON COSTUME.
By G. WOOLLISCROFT RHEAD.

CHATS ON OLD LACE AND NEEDLEWORK.
By E. L. LOWES.

CHATS ON ORIENTAL CHINA.
By J. F. BLACKER.

CHATS ON OLD MINIATURES.
By J. J. FOSTER, F.S.A.

CHATS ON ENGLISH EARTHENWARE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on English China.”)
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON AUTOGRAPHS.
By A. M. BROADLEY.

CHATS ON PEWTER.
By H. J. L. J. MASSÉ, M.A.

CHATS ON POSTAGE STAMPS.
By FRED. J. MELVILLE.

CHATS ON OLD JEWELLERY AND TRINKETS
By MACIVER PERCIVAL.

CHATS ON COTTAGE AND FARMHOUSE FURNITURE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on Old Furniture.”)
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON OLD COINS
By FRED. W. BURGESS.

CHATS ON OLD COPPER AND BRASS.
By FRED. W. BURGESS.

CHATS ON HOUSEHOLD CURIOS.
By FRED. W. BURGESS.

CHATS ON OLD SILVER.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON JAPANESE PRINTS.
By ARTHUR DAVISON FICKE.

CHATS ON MILITARY CURIOS.
By STANLEY C. JOHNSON.

CHATS ON OLD CLOCKS AND WATCHES.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON ROYAL COPENHAGEN PORCELAIN.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

CHATS ON OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on Old Silver.”)
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.

* * * * *

BYE PATHS OF CURIO COLLECTING.
By ARTHUR HAYDEN.
With Frontispiece and 72 Full page Illustrations. 21s. net.


LONDON: T. FISHER UNWIN, LTD.
NEW YORK: F. A. STOKES COMPANY.

* * * * *

[Illustration: WORCESTER VASE.

From the Collection of the late Lady Charlotte Schreiber
in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

_Reproduced by permission of the Board of Education._]




CHATS ON
ENGLISH CHINA

BY

ARTHUR HAYDEN

AUTHOR OF “CHATS ON ENGLISH EARTHENWARE,”
“CHATS ON OLD SILVER,” ETC.

[Illustration: _Bloor Derby Teapot_]

WITH 150 ILLUSTRATIONS

T. FISHER UNWIN LTD
LONDON: ADELPHI TERRACE


_First Edition_ 1904
_Second Edition_ 1906
_Third Impression_ 1907
_Third Edition_ 1909
_Fifth Impression_ 1910
_Sixth Impression_ 1912
_Seventh Impression_ 1917
_Eighth Impression_ 1919
_Fourth Edition_ 1920


(_All rights reserved_)




TO

JOSEPHINE HAMILTON




PREFACE TO FOURTH EDITION


A certain amount of necessary revision has been given to the volume.

The prices obtained at public auction for representative examples have
been brought up to date, and ten new illustrations have been added.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.
_September, 1920._




PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION


This edition has been slightly revised and corrected. Throughout
the volume many new illustrations appear in place of those in the
first edition, and their selection has been made in order to show
more clearly the characteristics of the china as dealt with in the
letterpress.

In addition to these, twenty new illustrations have been added, and
I have to acknowledge my indebtedness to Messrs. Wedgwood & Sons, by
whose courtesy I am enabled to reproduce examples from their museum
at Etruria, and fine examples after Flaxman, including specimens of
dinner-ware which are now being manufactured by the firm from the old
designs by that artist.

I have similarly to acknowledge my obligation to Messrs. W. T. Copeland
& Sons, of Stoke-upon-Trent (the successors of Spode), for several
illustrations of the ware from their factory, and to Messrs. Minton for
some fine specimens of their productions.

It is my hope that this improvement will make the volume more useful as
a practical working handbook for the collector.

To the great number of enthusiasts who have written to me in connection
with this volume and with the _Dilettante_ pages in the _Lady’s
Pictorial_, I tender a grateful and appreciative acknowledgment.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.
_March, 1906._


AUTHOR’S NOTE

In regard to English Earthenware, which appeals to a wide circle of
collectors, I have, in response to many readers who have written to me
on the subject, prepared a companion volume to this, entitled “Chats
on English Earthenware.” The subject is treated from a collecting
point of view, and a large number of carefully selected photographic
reproductions of typical examples illustrate the letterpress.

Those who are interested in the outline sketch of English Earthenware
given in the concluding chapters of this volume, and desire greater
detail, will find a completer record in the companion volume.

A. H.
_January, 1909._

* * * * *

[Illustration: BOW TEAPOT.

With leaf as spout, and grape-vine handle.]




PREFACE


This little volume has been primarily written with a view to enable
the possessors of old china to determine the factories at which
their ware was produced. A modest attempt has been made to show that
the china-shelf is a record of men’s triumphs and failures, and the
fantastic shepherds and shepherdesses, lustrous bowls, queer printed
dishes, and bizarre decorated jugs, may be regarded by a reflective
mind as so many symbols representing something less perishable than the
clay of the potter.

These “Chats” originally appeared in the pages of _Our Home_. In
collecting them in volume form I trust that they will appeal to a wider
circle of readers.

Never was a greater interest taken in Art, and the growth of popular
literature has developed a taste for objects of art in the home. The
china-shelf is now regarded as worthy of keen and discriminating study.
Its treasures, often heirlooms, have been brought into the light of
day, and amateur collectors can now be numbered by thousands.

I am enabled to include a useful feature in the list of prices
obtained at recent sales, by kind permission of the proprietors of the
_Connoisseur_, whose “Sale Prices,” published monthly, is most valuable
to the collector.

It is hoped that the Bibliography of works on china and pottery may
be of use to those who wish to study the subject more deeply, and a
copious Index will prove useful for ready reference.

The “Chats” relating to Lustre Ware, Old English Mugs, and Wedgwood are
not upon English china, but deal with earthenware; they are included in
the volume in order to increase its scope and usefulness.

My thanks are due to Mr. W. G. Honey, of Cork, for kindly allowing me
to reproduce specimens from his collection which was exhibited at the
Cork Exhibition. I am indebted to Mr. A. Merrington Smith, Fine Art
Dealer, of Lowestoft, for information concerning the recent unearthing
of moulds and fragments of china on the site of the old factory at
Lowestoft, a discovery of very great value. By permission of the
Coalport Company I am giving specimens of their modern productions and
some of their marks not published before.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.




CONTENTS


PAGE

PREFACE xi

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS xv

BIBLIOGRAPHY xxi

GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED xxiii

CHAT

I. OLD DERBY 1

II. CHELSEA CHINA 27

III. THE BOW CHINA FACTORY 49

IV. OLD WORCESTER 67

V. PLYMOUTH AND BRISTOL CHINA 91

VI. THE LOWESTOFT FACTORY 111

VII. COALPORT 133

VIII. SPODE AND HIS SUCCESSORS 149

IX. NANTGARW AND SWANSEA 163

X. MINTON 179

XI. OLD ENGLISH EARTHENWARE 191

XII. LUSTRE WARE 219

XIII. LIVERPOOL WARE 235

XIV. WEDGWOOD 247

INDEX 279




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS


FRONTISPIECE.

Worcester Vase. From the Collection of the late Lady Charlotte
Schreiber in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

CHAT I.—OLD DERBY.

PAGE

Bloor Derby Teapot v
Early Crown Derby Cup and Saucer 3
Old Derby Marks 7
Derby Figure Group 9
Crown Derby Pastille-burner 11
Crown Derby Mug and Saucer 13
Bloor Derby Marks 16
Crown Derby Vase and Bloor Derby Pastille-burner 17
Later Derby Marks 20


CHAT II.—CHELSEA CHINA.

Chelsea Figure 27
Figure of Carpenter 29
Chelsea Vase in British Museum 31
Chelsea Marks 34
Chelsea Marks 35
“Foundling” Vase 38
Derby-Chelsea Marks 39

CHAT III.—THE BOW CHINA FACTORY.

Bow Vase, with Cover _Facing page_ 48
Bow Inkstand 49
Bow Figure 50
Bow Marks 53, 54
Bow Plate and Teapot 56
Bow Cups 57
Bow Marks 60


CHAT IV.—OLD WORCESTER.

Early Blue and White Worcester Plate _Facing page_ 66
Old Worcester Transfer-printed Group 67
Old Worcester Marks 70
Old Worcester, King of Prussia Mug 73
Worcester Dish 77
Flight and Barr Marks 78
Chamberlain Marks 78
Kerr and Binns Marks 79
Grainger, Lee and Co. Marks 79
Scent-bottle (Chamberlain) 80
Grainger, Lee and Co. Vases 81


CHAT V.—PLYMOUTH AND BRISTOL CHINA.

White Porcelain Goat _Facing page_ 90
Salt-cellar, Plymouth 91
White Porcelain Dish, Plymouth 94
Vase, Plymouth 95
Plymouth Marks 96
Bristol Porcelain 97
Bristol Vase and Cover _Facing page_ 98
Bristol Marks 100
Bristol Cup and Saucer from Edmund Burke’s Service 102
Bristol Vase 103


CHAT VI.—THE LOWESTOFT FACTORY.

Lowestoft, Panels of Dish (detail) 111
Lowestoft Sauce-boats, with Fragment of Mould 113
Blue and White Delft Marriage Plate 114
Old Lowestoft Cups and Saucers 117
Dated Lowestoft Mug 118
Interior of Old Lowestoft Factory (Digging for Moulds) 122
Toy Teapot and Cream Jug 123
Dated Lowestoft Mugs and Jug 125
Lowestoft Blue and White Jug 128
Inkstand 129


CHAT VII.—COALPORT.

Two-handled Cup, richly gilded 133
Old Coalport—Covered Cup and Saucer 135
Caughley, Old Blue Mug 137
Early Marks 139
Coalport Vase 141
Coalport Marks 142
Latest ditto 143
Old Coalport Vase 145


CHAT VIII.—SPODE AND HIS SUCCESSORS.

Copeland Vases 149
Spode Plates 151
Spode Pastille-burner 152
Spode Marks 154
Spode Plate 155
Copeland Marks 156
Copeland Plates 157


CHAT IX.—NANTGARW AND SWANSEA.

Swansea Vase 163
Nantgarw Plates 165
Nantgarw Dish 167
Fine Swansea Vase and Cover _Facing page_ 170
Swansea Marks 171
Swansea Plate 172
Swansea Vase (Dillwyn’s Etruscan Ware) 173


CHAT X.—MINTON.

Minton Vase _Facing page_ 178
Minton Dish 181
Minton Marks 182
Minton Vase 183
Later Minton Marks 184
Lion Ewer (Henri II. Ware) 185
Minton Candelabrum 186
Majolica Plaque 189


CHAT XI.—OLD ENGLISH EARTHENWARE.

Bust of Prince Rupert 191
Sunderland Jug 193
Old Jug—John Bull 198
The Vicar and Moses 199
Sunderland Frog Mug 203
Old Delft Mug (dated 1631) 206
Group of Old English dated Ware 209
Old Puzzle Jug 212
Marks on Mason’s Ware 216
Group of Mason’s Jugs 217


CHAT XII.—LUSTRE WARE.

Silver Lustre Jug 219
Copper Lustre Jugs 221
Group of Copper Lustre Ware 222
Copper Lustre Bust 223
Copper Lustre Jugs 225
Copper Lustre Jug 226
Silver Lustre Sugar-bowl 227
Silver Lustre Jugs 228
Silver Lustre Teapot 229
Silver Lustre Jug (White Decoration) 231
Gold Lustre Jug 232


CHAT XIII.—LIVERPOOL WARE.

Liverpool Delft Punch Bowl 235
Old Liverpool Tiles 237
Early Liverpool Marks 240
Liverpool Marks 241
Old Liverpool Mug 243
Old Liverpool Jug (two positions) 244
Liverpool Mug 245


CHAT XIV.—WEDGWOOD.

Wedgwood Dinner Plates 247
Wedgwood. Jasper Cup and Saucer 249
Whieldon Tortoiseshell Ware 251
Wedgwood Terra-cotta Vases 256
Wedgwood. Jasper Vase 258
Blue Jasper Vase and Pedestal 259
Plaque designed by Flaxman. Mercury uniting the
hands of England and France 260
Portland Vase 261
Wedgwood and Bentley Mark 269
Old Wedgwood Teapot 271
Wedgwood Plaque. Designed by Lady Diana
Beauclerk _Facing page_ 278


ADDITIONAL PLATES IN THIRD EDITION.

Bow Teapot _page_ xi
Derby Figure of Peacock _Facing page_ 20
Chelsea Figures of Birds ” ” 34
Chelsea Figure and Candlestick _Facing page_ 40
Pair of Bow Figures ” ” 54
Bow Cups ” ” 60
Worcester Plate ” ” 68
Pair of Worcester Vases ” ” 70
Rare Lowestoft Coffee-Pot ” ” 120


ADDITIONAL PLATES IN FOURTH EDITION. 1920.

Derby Cups and Saucers _Facing page_ 22
Chelsea Dishes ” ” 36
Chelsea. Pair of Groups, Dancing Figures ” ” 42
Bow. Figure of Britannia ” ” 52
Bow Teapot, Chinese Style, and Plate _page_ 56
Worcester Teapot _Facing page_ 68
Worcester Mug, Transfer printed ” ” 76
Lowestoft Jug (1772), Mug (1792) _page_ 125




BIBLIOGRAPHY


GENERAL.—Catalogue of Specimens of British Pottery and Porcelain in
the Museum of Practical Geology. 1876. (Out of print.)

(This Collection is now at the Bethnal Green Museum.)

Marks and Monograms on Pottery and Porcelain. William Chaffers.

(The last edition, 1901, contains over 3,500 Potters’ marks
of all the well-known European and Oriental factories.)

Ceramic Art of Great Britain. 2 vols. Llewellyn Jewitt. 1878.

The China Collector’s Pocket Companion. Mrs. Bury Palliser.

(Containing marks only—arranged in order.)

Old English Pottery. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Freeth. (Morgan, Thompson,
& Jamison.)

English Porcelain. A. H. Church. 1904.

English Earthenware. A. H. Church. 1884.

Art of the Old English Potter. By M. L. Solon.

History of Old English Porcelain. By M. L. Solon. 1903.

History and Description of English Porcelain. By Wm. Burton.
Cassell & Co. 1902.

History and Description of English Pottery. By Wm. Burton. 1906.

Examples of Early English Pottery. John Eliot Hodgkin, F.S.A., and
Edith Hodgkin. 1891.

Pre-Wedgwood English Pottery (Solon Collection). _Connoisseur_,
December, 1901; February, 1902.

Pottery and Porcelain, A Guide to Collectors. F. Litchfield. 1900.

Catalogue of English Porcelain at British Museum. R. L. Hobson.
1905.

Guide to English Pottery and Porcelain at British Museum. R. L.
Hobson. 1910.

Catalogue of Schreiber Collection at Victoria and Albert Museum. B.
Rackham. 1915.

* * * * *

PARTICULAR. Bow, Chelsea, and Derby Porcelain. William Bemrose.
1898.

Bristol, Two Centuries of Ceramic Art in. Hugh Owen. 1873.

Chelsea China. _Connoisseur_, March, 1903.

Bow Porcelain. _Burlington Magazine_, vol. xxv., 1914.

Bristol Porcelain. _Burlington Magazine_, vol. xx., 1912.

Old Derby China Factory. John Haslem. 1876.

Liverpool, The Art of Pottery in. Joseph Mayer. 1855.

Liverpool Catalogue of Pottery and Porcelain. P. Entwistle. 1907.

The Liverpool Potters. C. T. Gatty. 1882.

Lowestoft. _Connoisseur_, April, 1903; October, 1903. _Queen_,
Christmas number, 1903. _Lady’s Pictorial_, Dec. 30, 1905.

Lowestoft China. By W. W. R. Spelman. (Jarrold, Norwich.) 1906.

Lustre Ware. _Connoisseur_, November, 1902.

Saltglaze Teapots, Old English. _Connoisseur_, February, 1903.

Staffordshire Potteries, History of the. S. Shaw. 1829.

Swansea and Nantgarw, The Ceramics of. William Turner. 1897.

Toby Jugs and their Near Relatives. _Lady’s Pictorial_, Jan., 1906.

Transfer Printing on Pottery. _Burlington Magazine_, vol. vi.,
1904-5.

Wedgwood, Life of Josiah. Miss Meteyard. 1865.

—— Memorials of Miss Meteyard. 1874.

—— _Connoisseur_, May, 1903.

—— A. H. Church. (Portfolio Monograph.)

Worcester China. A Century of Potting in the City of Worcester. R.
W. Binns. 1877.

Worcester China. A Record of the Work of Forty-five Years
(1852-1897). R. W. Binns. 1898.

Old Worcester. _Connoisseur_, October, 1902.

Worcester Porcelain. R. L. Hobson. 1910.




GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED


_Biscuit._—The first stage of china after being fired. It is white
and porous, and ready for decoration. Its surface resembles that
of an ordinary clay pipe.

_China._—A term used to include all porcelains.


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