Arwed Emminghaus.

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:OrSUr]fBXT^ CUSTOU^^ and BEUOIOK^ or THE inhabitants; the BOUNDARIES Avp




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Lte bLAjiD, a small tslaiKt in Che^
HH^ bftv. Long. 16. 93. W. Lau 37.

i«ooAx, a river of Scotland, in Lanark-
ibin, which, after a course of 8 miles, joins
^ Ntthan.— It is :ilso the name of a small
omm in Mid-Lochian. which falls into

Logan, a county of the United States,
SI the soath-west part of IVentucky. Po«
pdacion 19,123, including 2iS(i slaves.
Mflsdirille is the chief town.

LoaA>r, a eonnty of the United Sutes>
iA the state of Ohio.

LoGi^f, a post town of the U.nited States,
nd ca^td of Hucking county, Ohio.


nail idaod in the bay of Honduras, near
the coast of YucaUn. Long. 87. 45. W.
I^«l.«6.N. :'

LoGis, a parish of Scotland, in Fife<^
*^> 2^ miles in length and 1 .in breadth.
P^^MolioQ 369.

l^is. a parish of Scotland, in Stirling*
i^ fiitoated on the river Forth, about 4
Buieafeng, and the same in breadth. Po«

LoGu, a parish of Scotland, in Forfar-
we, aituated on the river North Esk,
«nit4miles in length by 3 in breadth.
Pinobtion 93«.

LosiE fiycHAK, a parish of Scotland, in
AbenkeBsfain;, abont 4 miles in lengdk, and
H in hnadth. Population 557.
, LoGiz-CoLDSTOKE, tf parish of Scotland,
® Abodeciishire, between the rivers Dee
nd Don. It is o miles in length, and 3^
»Breadthr Population 815.
^*Gis, Bastes, a parish of Scotland, in
«e«ottati« of Ross end Cronwrtv, 7 miles


L tt

in lengUi, and more than d in breadth.
Population 928,

LoGiEaAiT, a pii'isb of Scotland, in
Perthshire, in this form of an irregular
triangle^ about 7 miles on each side^ P<m
tmlation 3000.

^' Log X IN A, jCafej a promontory on the
east coast of Sicily. Long. 15. lH, £. Lat« *
36. 50. N.

Log ROM o, a town pf Spain, in the^pro^
vince. of Burgos, on the Ebro. It has five
parish chutcnes, with eight fson vents. Po-
pulation 7000. 27 miles N. W. of CaU^
borra. Long. S; 24. £. I^ti 42, 23« N.

LooaoKo, a town of ChUi, and capital of
the province of Melipilla. It has, besides
the parish church > two convents. L^ng. 71^
16. W. Lat.33.38.S.
» .J[^qGRONo,^a town of Quit^^ in the pro-

, Vince'.ot.Q'uiiios .al^l; M^gas, destroyed by

'4u» inSUrtectio^ iijiki li^ns.

-l4)fiwox^,h\Gooji, VlMiy or gulf on the
nqrfli-easd -6^st j»f Yucatan. Long. 88. 20.
W. t«t.*2d.'i;.:I!?,-
' £4frA;^ viila^.ef •Algiers, 28 miles £•

Loha, a anall river of Prussian Silesia,
which iklls into the Oder.

LoHAGHua, the Iron Fort, ^ celebrated
fortress of Hindostan, province of Dowlct^
bad^ 20 miles N. W. iVom Poona. It eon-^
sists of nearly a perpendicular rock^ of grea(
height, surrounded by a double stone wall,
and might be defended by a small garrison^
against any numbers. It is well supplied
with water, and liJts extensive magazines and
store rocnns, excavated out of the solid rock.
It belonged to the peishwa, but has lately
been taken by the British. Latitude not

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L O 1

LoHACHVm^ a fortrenof Hindoston, pro*
Yinoe of Gundwaneh> belonging to the ra-
jah of Nagpore. Long. 81. 10. £. LaL 80.
25. N.

LoHANNA, a town of Hindoatan, provinoe
of Giyenit, belonging to the rajah of Deod-
hur. Latitude not ascertained.

LoHsiA^ a considerable city of Yemen, in
Arabia, situated on the coast of the Red
sea. It lies at the bottom of a deep bay,
protected from the sea by one large islandj
and a group of smaller ones to the north-
west. It has no walls, but is defended by
several towers^ guarded by soldiers^ and se-
veral of whidb will admit cannon. Many
of the houses are built of stone ; but the
greater number are mud huts, thatched
with grass. The harbour ia so shallow, that
▼esseis can only anchor at some distenoe
from the town ; and at low water even uiden
boats cannot approae}! it. A considerable
trade is> however^ carried on in coffee,
whidi, though of inferior quality to that
i slupperl at Mocha and Hodeida, is procured
at a cheaper rate. Some merchants of Cai-
ro, and about 40 Banians, have taken up
thebr resideoce here. Indian goods brought
direct fnm India pay a duty of 5 per cent ;
but all goods brought down the Red sea pay
7* per cent Presents are likewise necessary,
The water at Loheia is bad, and the sur^
rounding eountnr nndy and barren. About
six miles from the town is a mountain, af-
ftopdlng considerable quantities of mineral
aalt Long. 48. 44. £. Lat. 15. 44. N.

J^OHNRUT, a small town of the Nether-
lands, in the province of Antwerp. Popu-
lation 1600. 16 miles N.N.K of Ant-

liOHOEi, a town of China, of the third
ranl^ in the island of Hainan.

LoHR, a town of the Bavarian states, in
Frsncoma, on the Maine. The oply ms^
nufiictureofconte^QeH<£ia'^Ui88.*. Popu^r.
tion 3000. 35 mife^ B.'^^'E: of Fra'iikfbn.-

LoRURBUNGA, a tojQTn. of HvHdosta:n,
province of Bahar, district of tChnica ^^a];^-
pore. It is situated nelUr a^ pass In the
western hill, and formerlyrpGwJeesetf.ii^rtc
Long. 85. 2. E. Lat. 23. 2& K.\ ": , . : :

LoicH, a river of Scotland, in Ross-shire,
which discharges itself into Loch Long.

LoiNG, a river of France, which has its
aooroe on the borders of the Nievre, and
mis into the Seine between Melun and
Montereau, after a course of 50 mile?.
• LoiE AND Creb, a department in the
central part of France, including the south-
ern portion of the province of Orleannois.
Its Buptfrfldal extent is 2600 square miles.
The nee of die country is in general level,
Imt has a barren and monotonous aspect,
tiarticulBrly in the south-east oart, where
U Is coyem with extensiye ocaths and

2 L O I

marahes. The climate is mild and healtbyv
except in the district of Romorautin, where
the exhalations from the marshes are ex-
tremely noxious. The principal livers that
traverse the department are the Loire, the
Loir, the Cher, the Cosson, and the Bea-
vron. The soil to the north of the Loire is
much more fertile than on the south of that
river, producing abundance of com, fhiit,
and wine. Its pasturages are likewise good,
and its forests considerable. The only mi-
neral products are iron and flint-stones.
The trade of the department consists in
com, cattle, wine, brandy, and a few manu-
factures. The department belongs to the
22d military division, and to the (Iiooese of
Orleans. In jurisilictinn it is subject to the
cottr royale of that city. It is divided into
the three arrondissements of Blois (the ca«
pital), V^endome, and Romorantin. These
are subdivided into 24 cantons and 309
communes. Population 212,000.

Loir, Le, a considerable river of France,
which rises to the south of Chartres, in the
department of the Eure and Loire, and falls
into the Sarthe. Its course is upwards o€
100 miles, and it is navigable 60 miles.

Loire, La, the river of the longest and
most interesting course of any in France,
has its source tar in the south-east of the
kingdom, among the mountains of the Ce-
vennes, department of the Ardeehe, and,
after flowing more than 500 miles, falls into
the Atlantic, about 40 miles below Nantes.
From its source it flows in a northerly di-
rection as far as Orleans, whence to its em-
bouchure, it holds a westerly course* ^ It
becomes navigable at Roanne, only 40 miles
north-west of Lyons. The great rivers
which fall into it are the Allier, the Cher,
theVienne, the Mayenne, the Sarthe, the
Sevre, and the Indre. It communicates
.with the Seine by the canal of Orleans, and
with the Rhone, through the medium of a
6anal which Joins it with the Saone, thus
forming a 'water communication between
the Atlantic and the Mediterranean through
the very heart of the kingdom. The princi-
pal towns which it passes in its course are,
Orleans, Blois, Tonrs, Saumur, and Nantes*

Loire, a department of France, rituated
not near the lower part of the river Loire,
but in the latitude of Lyons, and adjoining^
the departments of the Rhone and the Isere.
Its superficial extent is 9000 square miles.
It consists of a great valley, stretching along
both sides of the Loire, and bounded by
the mountains <^ Auvergne on the one side,
and by those of the Rhone on the other.
The climate is mild, and the soil, though
stony in the mountainous districts, ia in ge-
neral fertile, producing the famous Cote*
rdtie wine, with abundance of fruit ; also
pudze and hemp. Of wheat little is raised;

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bat ik pastoro are good. As to ninenls,
ttedepurtment contains considerable mines
of kid and eoal, with qnanies of marUe,
BflH-^toncs, and flint. The principal ma-
aafictazes are of cotton, linen stufib, and
libnoSi It is dirided into the three ar-
ioodlisseaienes of Montbrison (the capital),
Roume, and Bt Etienne. These are sob-
iSffiddd into 9S cantons^ and 327 com-
WUKs. Popalatioil 316,000.

Lous, Haute or Upfek, a department
h dtt BOtttb-east of France, situated to the
SMth of cbe preceding, and adjoining the
dqKrtments of the Pay de I>ome, the Ar-
deebe, and the Losere. Its superficial ex-
teat is 1870 square miles. The fkoe of the
ctnttj is extremely mountainous, being
I mtoaleA on the northern declivity of the Ce-
' mnei, at a considerable elevation. The
ttSL is stony and volcanic, except in the val->
bs, where it is of tolerable fertility. The
I dinste is warm in summer, but cold and
I itomy in winter. The principal rivers that
ttsverse the department are the Loire, the
ABier, the Ltgnon, and the Alagnon. Here
i ii likewise a number of mountain torrents.
Thernrmg and export of cattle is one of
the principal sources of the subsistence of
the inhabitants. Com, however, is raised
] in a quantity equal to the consumption.
; The odier prodnctions are wine and fruit.
Amoi^ its minerals are lead, antimony, and
enL The principal numufactures are lace,
hneii, and woollens. It is divided into the
<bee aiTondissements of Le Puy (the ca-
pbd), Brioode, and Yssengeaux. These
■t Mbdivided into 28 cantons, and S73
fiQiinttiuie& Population 268,000.

LofRB, IitrrERieuRB or Lowee, a de-

fntment in the west of France, formed of

tbe gOQtfa-east portion of the ancient pro*

^fhice of Brittany, and bounded by the

Athotic and the departments of the Hie

ad VfUme, Maine and Loire, Vendee and

^Mrihan. Its superficial extent is of

>ttdy 3000 square miles, and its population

«f 408,000. The surface is in general le-

^ Small hills are found in some parts ;

I ^ nothing deserving the name of a moun-

•wi.^ The coast is low, and covered with a

aoltitade of smal) lakes. The rivers that

j tttienc it are the Loire, the Don, the Isac,

! *e Enire, and the Tenn. The climate is

I taperate and mild, but rather damp ; the

! ^f dwugh in some parts marshy, is in ge-

I ■osl ftrtile. The productions are com,

vise, fiint, different sorts of seeds for mak-

^ oil, some fiax, and large quantities of

wwi From the moist nature of the cli-

^^■B^f the posBtures are good, and the stock

^(itde excellent. The fisheries both in

rae lifrts and on the coast are very produo*

^ The ntinexal products are iron, coal,

«*i«h, all of which are exported to a con^



sideraUe amount. Its great resources and
advantageous situation at the mouth of the
largest river in the kingdom, render the
manu&cturing industry and commerce of
this department extensive. By means of
the Loire and its tributary streams, it car*
rles on a brisk traffic with the departments
of the interior; and the foreign trade of
Nantes is exceeded by few towns of the
kingdom. It is divided into the five ar-
rondisaements of Nantes (the capital and
only krge town), Savenay, Chateaubriant,
Abcenis, and Paimboeuf. These are subdi*
vided into 45 cantons and S09 communes.

Loias, a town of France^ department of
the Rhone. Population 1500. 9 miles N.
of Condrieux. — Theie is another town of
this name, in the department of the Maine
and Loire.

LoiEET, a department in the central part
of France, comprising a portion of the ci-
devant Orieannois and the Gatiuois, and
bounded by the departments of the Seine
and Oise, the Seine and Mame, the Yonne, '
the Cher, the Loir and Cher, and the Euro
and Loir. Its superficial extent is 2700
square miles. The country is level, and is
traversed by the Loire, the Loing, the
Loirct, the Ouanne, the Bled, and a num<«
ber of smaller streams. The soil, though
in somo districts light and sandy, is upon
the whole fertile^ and the climate mild and
agreeable. The principal productions are
corn, hemp, safl^ron, and fruit. Laige
quantities of wine are likewise raised ; but
it is of an inferior quality. The forests are
extensive, particularly that of Orleans,
which contains 15,000 acres. The exports
consist of the above-mentioned productions^
and of various articles of manufacture^ such
as woollen and cotton cloth, linen, leather,
paper, porcelain, 8zc, It is divided into the
fout arrondidsemeuts of Orleans (the capital
and only large town), Gien, MontaTgis, and
Pithiviers. These are subdivided into 31
cantons, and 365 communes. Population

LoiRET, a river of France, which falla
into the Loire at St Meoin.

LoiRON, a town of France, department of
the Mayenue, on the river Oudon. Popu*
lation 1600. 1^ miles N. of Craon.

Lois AC H, a river of Bavaria, which falls
into the Iscr.

LoiBEHON, a town of France, department
of the Mayenne. Population 1 600.

LoiTZ^ a small town of Prussia, in Pome-
raniaj on the Peene, with 1400 inhabitants.
24 miles S. of Stralsund. Long. 13. 5. £•
Lat. 53. 56. N.

LoxESEN, a considerable town of the Ne«
therlands) in the province of East Flanders^
on the Darme, a small river which commu«
nicates with the Scheldt by means of a ca*

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L 6 M

nal. It carries on a brisk trade in corn,
flax, hemp, and linen. Its manoftctures.
consist of woollens, printed cotton, laoe, and
hats. It has likewise extensive tobaeoo
works, and 15 oil mills. Population 112,800.
19miIesN.£. of Ghent.

LoKiAKG, a town of China, of the third
rank, in Setchnen.

LoKUAN, a village of Irak Arabi, on the
Tigris^ 16 miles N. of Hagdad.

Lollara, a town of Hindostan, province
of Gujerat, snbjeet to an independent Hin-
doo chief. The country in ite vicinity is
celebrated for breeiling remarkably f5ne
cattle, some of which are 1 7 hands high,
and will trot as fast as a horse.

LoLLDONG, a celebrated pass of Hindos-
tan, between the provinces of Delhi and Se-
rinagur. It is situated at the skirt of the
mountain, and is encompassed by thick
wood. After the defeat of the Rohillas by
the British, in 1774., the remains of their
army took post in this nlace, but were
shortly compelled to capitulate. Long. 78.
16. E. Lat. $9. 59. N.

LoMA, PuNTA DE LA, a capc ou the
west coast of North America, tbrming tlia
south-west point of the entrance into the
port of St DiegOj in New Albion. Lat. 33.
28. N.

LoMAEiA Point, the easternmost point of
the islimd of Belleisle,. off the west coast of

Lombardo-Venktian Kingdom, the
name given since the congress of Vienna,
in 1815, to the whole of Austrian Italy,
comprising both Lombardy and the former
Venetian territory. See Italy^ Italy AuS"
trian, Milan, and Venter,

Lombardy, a country of Northern or
Upper Italy. The name, though properly
applicable only to the Vale of the Po, is
commonly given to the whole track of coun-
try lying Detween the Alps and the Appen-
nines, or, to speak with more precision, be-
tween the frontiers of Switzerland and Tus-
cany. It is about 250 miles in length, and
150 at its greatest breadth. It corresponds
in a great measure lo the Gailia Cisalpina
of the Romans, and derived its present
liame from the Lombards, a people who
conquered It in the sixth century, and re*
tamed it under the form of a kingdom till
the eighth. It is divided into Upper and
Lower : the former is the western part, and
comprehends the Milanese, along with a
portion of the Sardinian territory. In the
Iktter are comprised Parma, Modena, the
Papd legations, and a considerable part of
the Austro- Italian government of Venice.
It is likewise divided into Cispadan, and
Transpadan Lombardy. The former, or
Lombardy on this side the Po, includes all
that lies between that river and the Ap-

neonines ; Tnnspadan Lomhaidy, or LoiO'^
hardy beyond the Po, all that lies between
that river and the Alps. The states of
which Lombardy at present consists are
Austrian Italy, Continental Sardinia, Par-
ma, Modena, and Lucca. Although I^m*
bardjT has kmg ceased to form a political di-
vision, the name, as well as several others of
the same kind, ia still retained in geogra-
phical works, on aceount of its frequent oc-
currence id liistory, and likewise as indi-
cating a hur^ track of country, which can-
not otherwise be pointed out, without par-
ticularising the several septirate states of
which it is composed. See Italy Austriau,

LoMBES, a small town of France, depart-
ment of the Gers, ou the Save. Population
1500. 22 miles S. by £. of Mirande.

LosiOLEM Isle, one of the Sunda chairs
of islands, situated between the large islands
of Floris and Timor, and the 8th and 9th
degrees of S. lat. It is an island of consi«
derable dimensions, being in length about
50 miles, by 16 miles the average breadtli ;
but it has never been explored, and remains
nearly unknown.

LoMBocK, an island in the Eastern seas,
about 53 miles in length north and south,
and 45 in average br^th. It is separated
from the island of Bally, by tiie straita of
Lombock, and from Sumbawa by the straita
of Alias. The island is mountainous^ but
well covered with wood and verdure. It is
populous and well cultivated; and at the
town of Bally, in the straits of Alias, and
in the plantations and villages alon^ the
coast, the European ships passing to the
east are amply supplieil with refreshments.
The artidfts most wanted in exchange are
fire-arms and ammunition, or d(^kirs. An-
extensive commerce is also carried ou with
all the Malay islands, and fiarticularly witli
Java and Borneo. The strait of Lombock
is formed by the idand of Bally to the
west, and that of Lombock to the east. The
south entrance is in long. 115. 43. £. and
in lat. 8. 45. S. and is known bv a huge
islaml, called Banditti island, to toe west-
ward of which there is no passage. The
navigation of this strait is extremely dan-
gerous, owing to the great rapidity of the
tides, uml to the difficulty of findxug an-
chorage. The strait of Alias, formed by the
island of Lombock to the westward, and
that of Sumbawa eastward, is reckoned the
best and safest to the eastward of the islaud
of Java, liaving anchorage at the several
towns and villages, where eattle end re-
freshments of all kinds may be procured
in abundance. The inhabitants of Limi-
bock are said to be chiefly emigrants from
the oei^hbonring islands. They retain
many Hindoo customs, particularly that of
burning their dead; and the widow tbo, us

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rn India, sacrifices heisdf on the fbnonJ
pflf of her faoslMmd.

LoMBocK Peak is in lone. 116. 86. £.
lit. 8. 9lh. & It rises in £e form of a
cooe, to the hdgbt of above 8000 ftet above
tbe lerel of the sea.

LovMATscH, a town of Saxony,- in the
riide of Meissen, on the Jahne. Popok-
tioQ ISOO. 93 miles N. W. of Dresden.

LoMMET., a Tillage of the Netherlands,
in North Brabant, with 8100 inhabitants.

LoxMEnsuK, a town of the Prassian
pr aiiwi? of ~ Cleves and Berg, 9 miles
\V. N. W. of Bonn. Population 1 100.

LoMVA, a village of Austrian Galicia, in
thedfde of Sambors. Population 1000.

LoxKiTZ, a small town of Moravia, 15
miles N. N. W. of Brunn. Population
1 100. There are two small towns of this
name in ^lesia, and two in Bohemia.

LoMKiTZ, a mountain of Hungary,
amoi^ the Carpathians, K600 feet high.

LoifONi», Loch, a beautifiil lake of Scot-
land, in Dumbartonshire, about 30 miles
in length, and in some i^aees 8 or 9 miles
in breadth, remarkable for the grand and
pictnresqae seenery on. ita shores. Over
this nagniiioent expanse of water there
are aboot 30 idands scattered, eleven. of
whidi are of considerable size. The depth
of the lake is vsrious : in the southern ex-
tremity it seldom exceeds SO fothoms ; near
the north end, it is in some places 100 fa-
thoms, which is the greatest depth. The
most eonsiderable stream which runs into
the hdte is the Endrick, which iUls into it
on the south-east ; and on the west side it
i cceiw e s the waters of the Uglas, the Luss,
the Frain, the Fallodi, and oUier smaller
rivulets. It discharges itself at iU southern
extremity by the river Leven, which falls
into the Clyde at Dumbarton. It abounds

Online LibraryArwed EmminghausThe Edinburgh gazetteer → online text (page 1 of 165)