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Austin A. Yates.

Schenectady County, New York : its history to the close of the nineteenth century online

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he seems to have honorably used and to have succeeded in convinc-
ing them that he was their friend. His mantle, at his death,
fell upon his son, Sir John, and his son-in-law, Col. Guy Johnson,
and that they used their influence to the fullest extent to stir up
Indian hostility to the patriotic citizens west of Albany, is a sad page
in the history of the war. It required something more or less than
patriotism to induce the frontiersman, to leave his family with the
prospects before them of that most horrible of frontier experiences,
an Indian raid.

Col. Abraham Wemple was the most prominent commander con-
nected with the Schenectady regiment, and from " Archives of New
York, The Revolution, in the Adjutant General's office, the follow-
ing roll of the regiment is taken as given below. In this regiment
only the Schenectady names are given :

Col. Abraham Wemple,
Lieut. Col. Christopher Yates,
Major Abraham Swits,
Major Myndert M. Wemple,



112



SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.



Thomas B. Bancker,
John Mynderse,
Jacob Schermerhorn
John Van Patten,
Gerrit S. Veeder,



Adjutant John Van Driissen,
Quartermaster Gerrit G. Lansing,
Quartermaster Myndert Wemple.

Captains.

Jellis Fonda,
Abraham Oothout,
Abraham Van Eps,
Jesse Van Slyck,
Thomas Wasson.



Lieutenants.

Jellis A. Fonda,
Jacobus Peek,
Jacob Sullivan.
Daniel Toll,

Cornelius A. Van Slyck,
Arent S. Vedder,
Philip Vedder,
Walter Vrooman,
Myndert A. Wemple,



Nicholas Barhydt,
William Moore,
John Roseboom,
John Thornton,
Andries Van Patten,
Philip D. Van Vorst,
Francis Vedder,
Gerrit S. Veeder, Jr.,
Lawrence Vrooman,
Jellis Yates.

Ensigns.

Teunis Swart, Abraham J. Truax,

Cornelius Z. Van Sanford, Myndert R. Wemple.

Additional names on State Treasurer's pay books:
Lieut. Robert Alexander, Lieut. Robert McMichael,

Lieut. John B. Vrooman.
Ensign Alexander Crawford, Ensign Fram'r Schermerhorn.

Enlisted Men:



Cornelius Barhydt,
Jacob Barhydt,
John Barhydt,
Lewis Barhydt,
Cornelius Barhout,
Tunes Barhydt,
James Barhydt,
John Barope,
Andrew Barope,



Cornelius Bradt,
Elias Bradt,
Ephraim Bradt,
Gerret Bradt,
Jacobus Bradt,
Jacobus A. Bradt,
Jacobus S. Bradt,
John Bradt,
John S. Bradt,



ROSTER OF REGIMENT.



ii3



Thomas Barope,
Lewis Berherdt,
Tunes Berherdt,
Samuel S. Bradt,
Aaron A. Bradt,
Anthony A. Bradt,
Aphrieam Bradt,
Arent A. Bradt,
Arent S. Bradt,
Aron Bradt,
Chas. Bradt,

Barrett Cain,
Peter William Caine,
Warrant Caine,
Daniel Campbell,
John Kennedy, Jr.,
Henry Caurl,
John Caurl,
Thomas Caurl,
Asswerus Christianse,
Isaac Christianse,
William Kittle,
Daniel Kittle,
David Kittle,
John Kittle,
Arent Clement,
Eldert Clement,
Johannes Clement,
John Clement,
Peter Clement,
Jacob Clute,
John F. Clute,

Connels DeGraff,
Abraham DeGraff,
Andrew DeGraff,
Jesse DeGraff,
John DeGraff,
John N. DeGraff,



Mindart Bradt,
Samuel Bradt,
Samuel S. Bradt,
John Brougham,
Symon Brougham,
Arent S. Bradt,
Hendrick Brouwen,
Richard Brower,
Abraham Buys,
James Buys,

Bartholomew Clute,
Daniel Clute,
Frederick Clute,
Jacob Clute,
Jacob P. Clute,
John Clute,
John B. Clute,
John Curtis Clute,
Isaac Clute,
Peter Clute,
Petrus Clute,
Adam Conde,
Simon Connor,
Manuel Consale,
David Consalus,
David Consaul,
John Corl,
John Crawford,
Isaac Criesteionse,
Joseph Crawford,
Adam Conde,

James DeGollier,
James DeGollie,
Joseph DeGollier,
Abraham Dome,
John Dome,
Abraham Douw,



114



SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.



Simon DeGrafE,
"William DeGraff,

Caleb Farly,
Jelles P. Fonda,

William Gardner,
Isaac Glen,
Jacob Glen,
John Glen,
John S. Glen,
Charles Gorden,
Robert Gorden,
Joseph Gordon,
William Gordon,
Andrew Gregg,
James Gregg,
Andrew Gregg,

Harraanus Hagadorn,
Alexander Hanna,
Alexander Hannon,

John Kennedy,
Samuel Kennedy,
John Lambert,
Abraham G. Lansing,
Cornelius Lansing,
John C. Lansing,
John G. Lansing,
Gerrit Lansing,
John Lansing.
Abraham Lighthall,

Cornelius Mabee,
John Mabee,
John Mabee, Jr.,
Peter Mabee,
Albert Mabee,
Arent Mabee,
Cornelius Mabee,
John J. Mabie,



John Duncan, Jr.,

John Fort,
John D. Forte,

Abraham Gregg,
Abraham C. Groat,
Andrew Groat,
Cornelius Groat,
Simon Groat,
Amos Groat,
Simon C. Groot,
Abraham Groot,
Abraham A. Groot,
Cornelius Grot,
Abraham C. Grot,

Peter Hare,
Henyost Helmer,
Abraham Josling,

Abraham W. Lighthall,
George Lighthall,
Nicholas Lighthall,
Thomas Little,
David Little,
Abraham Lythall,
Abraham W. Lythall,
William Lythall,
David Lythall,

John Marselus,
Gilrt Marselus,
Charles Martin,
John Maseles,
Juiter Mebie,
Albert Mebie,
Henry Merseles,
Egsbert Merseles,



ROSTER OF REGIMENT.



"5



Patrick Mabie,
Aront Mabie,
Cornelius Maby,
Alexander McMichael,
Daniel McMichael,
James McMichael,
Peter McMichael,
James McQuean,
John Marselis,
Ahasweras Marselis,

George Passage,
George Passage, Jr.,
Thomas Patterson,
Oliver Patterson,
Jess Peak,
Arect Peck,
Cornelius Peck,
Daniel Peck,
Henry Peck,
Jacobus Peck,
Jaines J. Peck,
Jesse Peck,
John Peck,
Lewes Peck,
Arent Peeck,
Christopher Peeck,
Cornelius Peeck,
Cornelius C. Peeck,
Harmanus Peeck,
Harmanus H. Peeck,
Harmanus J. Peeck,
Henry H. Peeck,
Jacobus Peeck,
Jacobus H. Peeck,
John Peeck,
John J. Peeck,

John Reises,
Andro Rynex,



Arent Merseles,
Gysbert Merseles,
John Mersilus,
Alexander Mersilus,
John Mynderse,
John R. Mjmderse,
Laurence Mynderse,
Harmen Mynderse,
Peter Mabie,
Arent Ouderkerk,

Joseph Peeck,
Lewis Peeck,
Christopher Peeck,
Daniel Peeck,
Jacobus Vedder Peck,
James J. Peck,
Joseph Peck,
Lewis Peck,
John J. Peeke,
Harmanus Peterson,
Herman Peterson,
Charles Petterson,
Oliver Petterson,
Thomas Petterson,
Thomas Phillips,
Samuel Pruyne,
Aaron Putman,
Arent Putman,
Arent L. Putman,
Aron L. Putman,
Cornelius Putman,
Cornelius L. Putman,
John Putman,
Gradus Quack,
Generadous Quackenbos,
John Quackenbos,

Cornelius Ryckerman,
Cornelius Rykman,



ii6



SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.



Jacobus Ryley,
John Robison,
Isaac Rosa,
John T, Rosa,
Elias Rosa,
John Rosa,
David Sacie,
John Sanders,
Garret Schermerhorn,
Simen Schermerhorn,
Andrew Schermerhorn,
Andris Schermerhorn,
Aurent Schermerhorn,
Barnadus Schermerhorn,
Bartholomew Schermerhorn,
Henry J. Schermerhorn,
Jacob Schermerhorn,
Jacob J. Schermerhorn,
John Schermerhorn,
John J. Schermerhorn,
Nicholas Schermerhorn,
Reijer Schermerhorn,
Richard Schermerhorn,,
Ryer Schermerhorn,
Rykert Schermerhorn,
Simon Schermerhorn,
Reuben Schuyler,
John Shannon,
William Shannon,
Thomas Shennon,
Christian Shutes,
Jacobus Teller,
John Teller,
William Teller,
Jacob Ten Eyck,
Myndert S. Ten Eyck,
Isaac Terwilliger,
Jacobus Terwilliger,
Solomon Terwilliger,



Jacobus Rylie,
Philip Rylie,
Andrew Rynex,
John Rynex,
Richard Rynex,

John Smealle,
John Smilie,
Gerrit Spitcher,
Arent Spitser,
Gerret Spitser,
George Staley,
Jacob Stayley,
John Stevens,
Daniel Steward,
David Steward,
George Steward,
James Steward,
John Stewart,
Daniel Stewart,
John Stewart,
James Stuart,
Jacobus Swart,
James Swart,
Nicholas Swart,
Henry Swits,
Jacob Swits,
Jacob Swits, Jr.,
Jacob A. Swits,
Jacob J. Swits,
Ruben Symons,
James Thornton,
Thomas Thornton,
Charles Toll.
John Toll,
Abraham Truax,
Abraham J. Truax,
Abraham P. Truax,
John Trumbull,



ROSTER OF REGIMENT.



i'7



Peter H. Vedder,
Andrew Wagner.
Garret Van Antwerp,
Peter Van Antwerp,
Peter A. Van Antwerp,
Simon Van Antwerp,
Simon J. Van Antwerp,
John Van Antwerpe,
Peter Van Benthuysen,
Joseph Van Der Bogart,
Nicholas Van Der Bogart,
Abraham N. Van DeGraff,
Daniel Van Derhyden,
David Van Derhyden,
Daniel Van Derhyder,
Ddvid Van Dsrhyder,
Cornelius H. Van Dyck,
Cornelius Van Dyck,
Cornelius N. Van Dyck,
Henry Van Dyck,
Henry H. Van Dyck,
Henry I. Van Dyck,
John Van Eps,
John B. Van Eps,
John J. Van Eps,
Petrus Van Der Volgen,
Cornelius Van Der Volgen,
Peter Van Guysling,
Cornelius Van Guysling,
Jacob Van Guysling,
John Vischer Van Ingan,
John Van Inge,
Joseph Van Ingen,
Frederick D. Van Patten,
Adam Van Patten,
Frederick Van Patten,
Ian Van Patten,
Nicholas Van Patten,



Peter Van Slyck,
Jellis Van Voast,
John D. Van Voast,
Peter Van Voast,
Dirk Van Vranken,
Maus Van Vranken,
Maus M. Van Vranken,
Nicholas Van Vranken,
Nicholas N. Van Vranken,
Richard Van Vranken,
Rykert Van Vranken,
Cornelius Veeder,
Peter S. Veeder,
Thelmes Veeder,
Phil Vielie,
Albert A. Vedder,
Alexander Vedder,
Arent Vedder,
Barent Vedder,
Arent A. Vedder,
Arent T. Vedder,
Cornelius Vedder,
Francis Vedder,
Frederick Vedder,
Harmanis Vedder,
John Vedder,
John B. Vedder,
Nicholas Vedder,
Nicholaes Vedder,
Peter Vedder,
Seymon H. Vedder,
Simon Vedder,
Halimus Veder,
Baret Veeder,
Wilhilmus Veeder,
Cornelius Veeder,
Gerret Veeder,
Gerret S. Veeder,



ii8



SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.



Philip Van Patten,
Frederick Van Pette,
Frederick Van Petten,
Frederick S. Van Petten,
Henry Van Petten,
Nicholas Van Petten,
Nicholas A. Van Petten,
Nicholas H. Van Patten,
Nicholas R. Van Petten,
Nicholas S. Van Petten,
Philip Van Petten,
Simon Van Petten,
Simon F. Van Petten,
Andrew Van Petten,
Gerret Van Schaick,
Abraham Van Sice,
Cornells Van Sice,
Gysbert Van Sice,
Isaac Van Sice,
Jacobus Van Sice,
John Van Sice,
Aaron Van Sice,
Andrian Van Slyck
Adrian Van Slyck,
Andrew Van Slyck,
Anthony Van Slyck,
Cornelius Van Slyck,
Cornelius A. Van Slyck,
Cornelius P. Van Sl3^ck,
Harmanus Van Slyck,
Harmanus N. Van Slyck,
Michael Wagner,
Jacob Walrat,
Christopher Ward,
Richard Warner,
Frederick Weller,
Robert Weller,
John Wemple,
John J. Wemple,



Helmus S. Veeder,
John Veeder,
John B. Veeder,
Nicholas Veeder,
Peter H. Veeder,
Peter S. Veeder,
Peter T. Veeder,
Sirrion B. Veeder,
Simon H. Veeder,
Wilhelmus Veeder,
John Visger,
John Visger, Jr.,
John Vischer, Jr.,
Adam Vrooman,
Adam H. Vrooman,
Adam S. Vrooman,
Arent Vrooman,
Aron Vrooman,
David Vrooman,
Hendrick Vrooman,
Henry Vrooman,
Jacob A. Vrooman,
Jacob I. Vrooman,
Jacob J. Vrooman,
John B. Vrooman,
John J. Vrooman,
John T. Vrooman,
Simon Vrooman,
Simon J. Vrooman,
Nicholas Vrooman,

John T. Wemple,
Mindert R. Wemple,
Myndert Wemple,
Ahasuerus Wendell, ■
John B. Wendell,
Arent Wessel,
Arent Wesselse,
Aorn Wesselse,



CLOSE OF CENTURY. 119

Abraham Yates, Nicholas Yates,

Abraham J. Yates, Abraham Yates.

John Yates,



CHAPTER X.

The Close of the Century.

Schenectady could not be said to have emerged from the Revolu-
tion. The county had never been submerged. The waters had
divided around it and the burgher had walked through on compara-
tively dry land in a calm which he had earned by a century of suf-
fering.

Then, as now, the situation of the burgh, Dorp as it began to be
called, enforced its growth. Anything but progress became impos-
sible. The eyes of the world were on the young nation born in the
throes of seven years of one of the most wearisome, brave and patient
struggles for self government in the history of the earth. The path-
way of emigrant adventure and explorer thronged eastward and
westward to a new land, over which hung the mirage of gold in its
mountains, and wealth in its valleys and plains. The highway of a
countless procession that was in the coming century to establish the
grandest Republican empire of earth was under the Catskills and the
lyowereuin of Rotterdam where now an unbroken line of railway
belts the continent and in a flying house of unchanging luxury and
splendor, transports the globe trotters by night and day, awake or
asleep, from sea to sea.

The calm of a blessed peace settled over the peaceful town on the
Groot Vlachte, the great beautiful plain that circled out under the
hills and was girdled by the Mohawk. It was a lovely village of
magnificent elms, of towering pine on the plain, and graceful willow
by the river side. The Fort was permitted to rot away, the palisades



I20 SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY

which had stirvived the usefulness of protection, now one by one
subserved the comfort of the sturdy Dutchman who by the roaring
fire on the immense hearth smoked his great pendant pipe and drank
his schnapps, despising the hixury of the cigar and the effeminency
of tea. Old streets lengthened out, new ones radiated, names
changed. The aggressive Yankee interloper came and came to stay
and would not be shouldered out. The burgher watched the caval-
cade for awhile. But he was a trader, from way back in trading
Holland, shrewd, cautious, close but honest as the sunlight.

So it happened that as the century drew near to its close the
ending of the i8th as of the 19th, was marked by the commingling
of races and the infusion of new young blood that acted like an
elixir to its prosperity. For despite the suffering imposed upon busi-
ness by a worthless currency and the erection of a national edifice
on lines which were new and experimental and which the genius
of Hamilton, Gallatin and John Jay had not perfected into stable
government, the town prospered and grew proportionally equal to
any in the leading state of the young union.

It was a busy town and a heterogeneous one, in population and
architecture. On the old quadrilateral bounded by Front, Ferry and
vState streets and Washington avenue, the old steep roofs and gabled
ended houses so much derided in later days by Captain Marj'att, who
lied more amusingly in his American visit than he did in his Fnglish
novels, still stood, so massively built with their enormous beams that
but for the terrible conflagration of 181 9, many would have been
standing to-day. The Dorpian loved his home, endured its ugliness
for it was stuccoed with the beauty of youthful memories and family
tradition. He met with true Dutch stolidity the sneer of the cosmo-
politan bewigged and ruffled shirted swell from New York. Inside
the homely shell there were polished floors, walls and heavily raf-
tered rooms, radiant with cleanliness reflecting in every nook and
corner, the living forms of his living and the shadowy outlines of
his beloved dead. "Giving him the laugh" never fazed the
Mohawker. He met it with the marble heart and smoked placidly
on his stoop in homely, but solid comfort.

Business was all centered in the west end. Great storage and for-



BOAT BUILDING. 12 1

warding warehouses of Yates, Mynclerse, Phynn, EHice, Jacob S.
Glen & Co., Duncan, Stephen N. Bayard, Walten & Co., I^uther &
McMichael stretched from the' Frog Alley Bridge, now crossed by the
Street Railway Company to the present site of the Mohawk Bridge.
Great docks, built on heavy piles, extended out in the stream and a
river commerce of grand volume, building up splendid fortunes for
its promoters, began to actually whiten the Mohawk with sails of the
Durham boat. From near Governor's Lane to the poor pasture,
given for the use of the peasantry by the generous provisions of the
will of Hans Jans Enkluys, was the Strand. Here was founded in
the last part of the century an immense boat-building industry.

Nearly all the boats used on the Mohawk and western waters
were built at this place. The boat yards were located on what is
termed the Strand street on the river, then much wider than now,
owing to encroachments and other cat:ses. It was no uncommon
sight in the War of 181 2, to see from twenty-five to 100 boats on the
stocks at the boat yards, extending from near the Mohawk bridge to
North street. The boats that conveyed the army of General Wilkin-
son down the St. Lawrence river were all built at this place ; the oak
forests of our common lands furnished the reqiiisite materials in
great supply. The principal boat-builders were the Van Sl}'cks,
Marselis', Veeders and Peek's, although there were others. The
boat-builders were generally residents of Front and Green streets.

Encroachments, the building of the Mohawk Bridge, the disap-
pearance of the waters from the face of the earth as in the survival
of Noah, and the destruction of forest timber in the Adirondacks,
has shrunken the Mohawk tremendously in the century and a quar-
ter since the Revolution. It was then a deep, broad stream, broken
by rifts but far scarcer and much deeper than now.

It is astonishing as we look at the Mohawk now, to learn what it
once was. The story of its ancient commercial glory is well told by
Judge Sanders in his quaint style illtnnined occasionally b)' old-
fashioned rhetoric. He thus described the commerce of the
Mohawk :

"Up to about the year 1740, the early settlers used the largest
sized Indian bark canoe, the graceful craft, which had glided on the



122 SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.

bosom of the Mohawk, probably for centuries before. But about, or
soon after that time, the later Indian traders, William, afterwards
Sir William Johnson, John Duncan, John Robinson, William Cor-
lett, Charles' Martin, James EHice, Daniel Campbell and others, tak-
ino- a wide step in advance of the time-honored canoe, introduced
the small bateau, a wooden vessel strongly manned by three men.
Simms says, in his historj' of Schoharie County, containing interest-
ing memoranda of the Mohawk valley, page 141 : " These boats
were forced over the rapids in the river with poles and ropes, the
latter drawn by men on the shore. Such was the mode of transport-
ing merchandise and Indian commodities to and from the west, for a
period of about fifty years, and until after the Revolution. There
were carrying places along the route. Of course, the first was at
Little Falls. A second place was near Fort Stanwix (Rome) from
the boatable waters of the Mohawk to Wood Creek ; thence passing
into Oneida Lake, the bateaus proceeded into the Oswego river,
and thence to Oswego, on Lake Ontario, and to Niagara, or elsewhere
on that lake, on the St. Lawrence, as- they pleased to venture," and
after being carried around the falls of Niagara to Chippewa, went
uninterruptedly on to Detroit, their usual limit, and sometimes even
to Mackinaw. But after the Revolutionary War, the tide of immi-
gration set strongly westward, and that energetic population required
increased facilities of transportation and communication with the
great Hudson river, and their old homes in the east and elsewhere.
What was to be done ? Just emerged from a sanguinary and
exhausting struggle, the State and the people were impoverished.
The expense of the canal could not be thought of, and dreams of
railroads, steamboats and electricity put to service, were only the
far off faucies of visionary men, born prematurely.

'' But something must be done. General Philip Schuyler, that
far-seeing statesman of Revolutionary fame, who as major-general had
rendered his country invaluable services in her most trying periods,
who had been a United States senator and was then surveyor-general
of the State of New York, succeeded in forming a corporate body
known as the " Inland Lock Navigation Company," of which body
many citizens of Schenectady and vicinity were members. With



LABORIOUS BOATING. 123

such capital, General Schuyler, under his immediate supervision and
direction, constructed a dam and sluice, or short canal, at Wood
Creek, uniting it with the navigable waters of the Mohawk ; and
also built a short canal and several locks at Little Falls ; in both
cases obviating portage, or the necessity of unloading the vessels.
Those works were completed in 1795, and from that date, or soon
thereafter, those enterprising forwarders, Jonathan Walton, Jacob
S. Glen, Eri Lusher, Stephen N. Bayard and others, erected addi-
tional wharves, docks and large storehouses on the main Bennekill,
and the commerce of Schenectady, with the increased facilities of
navigating the Mohawk, was largely extended until the great fire of
1819. The Durham boat, constructed something in shape like a
modern canal boat, with flat bottom, and carrying from eight to
twenty tons, took the place of the clumsy little bateau which had
for more than fifty 3'ears superseded the Indian bark canoe. These
Durham boats were not decked except at the front and stern ; but
along the sides were heavy planks partially covering the vessel, with
cleats nailed on them, to give foothold to the boatmen using poles.
Many of the boats fitted for use on the lakes and St. Lawrence had
a mast, with one large sail, like an Albany sloop. The usual crew
was from six to eight men. At that day boatmen at Schenectady
were numerous, and generally were a rough and hardy class ; but
from common label's, exposures and hardships, a sort of brotherly
affection for each other existed among them which did not brook the
interference of outsiders, and yet as a class, they were orderly, law-
abiding citizens.

" Boating at this period was attended with great personal labor.
True, the delay of unloading and carriage at the Little Falls had
been overcome, but it was found more difficult to force large than
small craft over the rapids. In view of that difficulty, several boats
usually started from port in company, and those boats first arriving
at a rift, at a low water stage, awaited the approach of others that
their united strength might lighten the labor there. At high water
with favorable wind, they could sail the navigable length of the
river; but when sails were insufficient, long poles were used. These
poles had heads of considerable size that rested against the shoulder



124 SCHENECTADY COUNTY: ITS HISTORY.

of the boatman, while pushing onward ; and as has often been seen
the shoiilders of the boatmen became calloused by such labor, like
that of a severe collar-worn horse. The toil of a boatman's life,
when actually at work, was generally severe and trying, so that, in
port, like the sailor, they were sometimes festive and hilarious.

" It is a matter of curious history in the travel of the Mohawk
Valley, that about the year 1815, Eri Lusher established a daily line
of packet boats which were constructed after the model of the Dur-
ham boat, with cabin in midship, carefully cushioned, ornamented
and curtained, expressly calcutated for and used to carry from twenty
to thirty passengers at a time, between Schenectady and Utica,
making the passage between the two places down the river in about
thirteen hours, and up the river, with favorable wind and high water,
within two daj^s."

lyine boats, so-called, built entirely for passenger traffic, right
after the building of the canal, carried passengers through its whole
length, changing at Utica, Syracuse, Rochester to Buffalo. Emi-
grants poured along the great waterway by thousands and crowded
the holds and the decks of a species of conveyance that before the
full development of railway traffic, were as filthy as they were re-
munerative. All this disappeared on the development of the rail-
road and in 1850 there was not a vestige of passenger traffic upon
the canal.

Grand old officers of the Revolution and men with names already
distinguished in the annals of their country, came here in the late
afternoon and the still evening of the peacefully closing century.
Straight from Paunce's tavern, with their hands yet warm from the
farewell grasp of the great Washington, came General William
North, bringing with him as his guest. Baron Steuben, off whose
staff North was chief. The grand old house that he built in Duanes-
burgh still stands in decaying beauty. Yet there are those still living
who remember the charming manor where survivors of the Revolu-
tion drank and smoked and one of them resonantly swore. For the
old baron surpassed in profanity any general of the famous army
that " swore terribly in Flanders " and startled more than once the
grave and stately commander-in-chief whose fame was resoundino-



A RENOWNED OFFICER. 125

through the world. Steuben could and did discipline an army that
triumphed over the finest soldiers of Europe. He controlled other
men with grand ability, and yet he could not control himself, and
when he was mad, and that was not seldom, they say his oaths could
be heard on the sacred threshold of the Duane church, two miles
away. The grand old house is, after all, the most historic of all,
except the Glen house on Washington avenue, and the old mansion
in Scotia. General North was a renowned officer, an intimate friend
of Washington, under whom, in 1798, he was the adjutant-general of
the United States army. Throirgh the magnificent Rose Lane, half
a mile long, banked on either side with every variety of shade, color
and beauty of that gorgeous flower, came as his guests the conquerors



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