to read the Book of Sports; and he continued under the
cruel sentence about seven years. In 1641, his case being
laid before the house of commons, it was resolved, " That
his suspension was illegal ; that the sentence should be taken
off; that he should be restored to his living ; and that Dr.
Rone and Sir John Lamb ought to make him reparations for
the damages he had sustained."*
Edmund Small was minister at Holm in Lincolnshire,
but persecuted in the high commission and deprived of his
benefice. In the year 1641, having remained a long time
under the ecclesiastical censure, his case was laid before the
house of commons ; and, after due examination, it was
resolved, " That the sentence of his deprivation was illegal ;
and that he should be restored to his living."+
Mr. Smith was suspended by Sir John Lamb ; and having
remained a long time under the sentence, his case, in the
year l641, was laid before the house of commons. After
due examination, the house resolved, " That he had been
illegally suspended ; and that Sir John Lamb ought to give
him reparation and satisfaction for his damages sustained by
John Spencer was an unordained and popular preacher
in the city of London ; for which he was brought into
trouble, with several others, in the year 1641. It is said that
one Robinson, a clerk in the custom-house ; John Sjpencer,
a horse-courser ; Adam Banks, a stocking seller ; John Durant,
and one Greene, being complained of for their lay-preaching,
were summoned to appear before the house of commons.
On their appearance, the speaker reprimanded and threatened
them, saying, " That the house had a general distaste to
their proceedings ; and that, if they should offend in like
manner in future, the house would take care that they were
.severely punished. "Â§ It does not, however, appear whether
Mr. Spencer and his brethren obeyed this order. He is
* Nalson's Collection, vol. ii. p. 454. + Ibid, p- 446.
J: Ibid. p. 319. S Ibid. p. 265, 270.
VOL. JIT, 2 M
530 LIVES OF THE PURITANS.
classed among the zealous sectaries ; and Edwards says, he
was formerly Lord Brook's coachman, and an early preacher.*
Hannibal Gammon, A. M. was born m the city of
London, in 1585, and educated in Broadgates-hall, Oxford.
He was afterwards beneficed at Maugan in Cornwall, where
he became a very popular preacher. On the commencement
of the civil Kar he espoused the cause of the parliament,
and was chosen one of the assembly of divines. Wood
says, " he was much followed by the puritanical party for
his edifying and practical preaching."+ He was author of
" An Assize Sermon," 1621. â€” " A Sermon at Lady Roberts's
Funeral," 1627. â€” " Praise of a Godly Woman, a Wedding
Sermon," 1627- â€” " God's Smiting to Amendment, an Assize
Mr. Wainwright was a beneficed minister in the county
of Suffolk; but he resigned his living, worth two hundred
pounds a year, on account of his nonconformity. He would
not hold his benefit any longer, because he deemed it anti-
christian ; and after he had given it up, he said, ** I have ever
since asked God forgiveness for holding it." According to
my author, he boasted that he had pulled down the bishops,
arid that lie would do the same by the presbyterians.f
John Sims was a minister of the baptist persuasion, who
preached at Hampton. In a journey to Taunton he was
prevailed upon to preach in the parish church of Middlesoy.
This gave so much offence to the dominant party, that he
was seized by virtue of the act against unordaiiied ministers ;
and the letters which he was to deliver to some pious friends
were taken iiom him. These, with his examination, were
sent to London, by way of complaint against him, and
printed. The charges specified in the examination were,
his preaching when unordained, and denying infant-baptism.
He acknowledged the latter, and pleaded against the former,
that, " as Peter was called to preach, so was he."Â§
* Edwards's Gangraena, part i!i. p. 49.
+ Wood's Athense Oxon. vol. ii. p. 26.
J Edwards's Gangraena, part iii. p. 81.
Â§ Ibid. p. 50.â€” Crosby's Baptists, vol. i. p. 232, 233.
John Foxcroft, A. M. was educated in Magdalen-hall,
Oxford, and afterwards minister at Gotham in Nottingham-
shire ; where, according to Wood, he continued a puritanical
preacher several years. Upon the commencement of the
civil war, he joined the parliament, was molested by the
royal party, and chosen one of the assembly of divines, and
he constantly attended. Removing to London, he became
a frequent preacher in the city ; and he preached sometimes
before the parliament. One of his sermons is entitled, " The
Good of a Good Government, and Well-grounded Peace,
being a Fast Sermon before the House of Commons, on
Isa. xxxii. 1, 2." â€” 1646.*
Ralph Maesden was a pious minister of puritan prin-
ciples at West Kirby in Cheshire, where he was succeeded
by Mr. John Murcot, another puritan, who married his
daughter.! He died minister of Great Neston in the same
county, January 30, 1648. He had four sons in the minis-
try; Samuel, Jeremiah, Gamaliel, and Josiah, all silenced
nonconformists at the restoration.:}:
Nicholas Darton, A. B. was born in Cornwall, in
1603, and educated in Exeter college, Oxford. Having
entered into holy orders, he became minister of Killesby in
Northamptonshire. He was always accounted a puritan ;
so that, on the commencement of the civil war, he joined the
presbyterians, and espoused the cause of the parliament.^
He published " The true and absolute Bishop, with the
Converts Return unto him," 1641. â€” " Ecclesia Anghcana;
or, a clear and protestant Manifesto, as an evangelical Key
sent to the Governor of Oxford, for the opening of the
Church-doors there, that are shut up without prayers or
preaching," 1649. â€” And " Several Sermons."
Henry Roborough was chosen one of the scribes to
the assembly of divines, and, about the same time, appointed
rector of St. Leonard's, East-cheap, London, which he held
to his death. II He was one of the committee of divines
appointed to examine and ordain candidates for the ministry ;Â«|[
* Wood's Athenas Oxon. toI. i. p. 827. + Ibid. vol. ii. p. llS.
J Palmer's Noncon. Mem. vol. i. p. 340. iii. 421, 436, 475.
^ Wood's Athenaa, vol. ii. p. 68. !l Ibid. p. 11Â§.
*[ Neal's Puritans, vol. iii. p. 140.
532 LIVES OF THE PURITANS.
and he united with his brethren, the London ministers, iu
their declaration against the king's death.* The profits of
printing the Directory being given to him and Mr. Byfield,
the other scribe to the assembly, they are said to have sold
tlie copy-right for several hundred pounds. + Mr. Roborough
died in the year 1050, and Mas succeeded in his living by
Mr. Matthew Barker, one of the silenced nonconformists
Abraham Peirson was born in Yorkshire, where he
probably laboured in the ministry, but was driven by the
severity of the times to New England. On his arrival,
about the year 1640, he was invited to be first pastor of the
church at Southampton on Long Island, where he continued
about eight years. He then removed, with part of the
church, to Brainford, where he probably continued the rest
of his days. He left behind him the character of a pious
and prudent man, and a true child of Abraham.^
HowEL Vaughan was a pious minister, of the baptist
denomination, in Wales. A baptist church having been
formed at Olchon, about the year 1633, which is said to
have been the first separate church in Wales, Mr. Vaughan,
being one of its members, was chosen to the pastoral ofiice.
His name was Vaughan, but wrote by some Ychan, or
Fychan, which is the Welsh spelling of Vaughan. || He
attended the associations of ministers in the Principality ;
and his name is among those who signed the minutes of the
association at Abergavenny, in the year l653.ir
Robert Maton, A. M. was born at Tudworth in Wilt-
shire, in the year 1597, and educated at Wadham college,
Oxford. Having entered upon the ministerial work, he was
probably beneficed in his native county. He was a zealous
millenarian ; and upon the commencement of the civil wars,
the press being open, he published his sentiments to the
world in the following articles: â€” " Israel's Redemption ; or,
a Prophetical History of our Saviour's Kingdom on Earth,"
1642. â€” " A Discourse of Gog and Magog, or the Battle of
* Calamy's Contin. vol. ii. p. 743. + Fuller's Church Hist. b. xi. p. 222.
i Palmer's Noncon, Mem. vol, i. p. 146.
Â§ Mather's Hist, of New England, b. iii. p. 95.
II Thoraas's MS. Materials, p. II. f Thomas's MS. Hist. p. 45,
the Great Day of God Almighty," 1642. â€” "A Comment on
the twentieth chapter of Revelation," 1652. â€” " Israel's
Kedemption Redeemed ; or, the Jews general and mira-
culous Conversion to the Faith of the Gospel, and Return to
their own Land, and our Saviour's Personal Reign on Earth,
proved from the Old and New Testament," 1646. â€” This he
republished with additions, entitled, " A Treatise of the
Fifth Monarchy ; or, Christ's Personal Reign on Earth a
Thousand Years with his Saints," 1655.*
Peter Prudden was born in the year 1600, and after-
wards preached in Herefordshire and on the borders of
Wales, where God marvellously blessed his pious labours.
But he was driven from his station by persecution, when he
fled to New England, and was accompanied by many worthy
persons. Upon their arrival, they settled for a short time at
New-Haven, then removed to M ilford, where he was chosen
pastor of the church, and lived many years an example of
piety, gravity, and christian zeal. He died about the year
1606, aged fifty-six years. He had a remarkable talent for
softening and composing exasperated spirits, and for healing
Robert Booth was a minister of puritan principles, and
ornamented with a most excellent character. He was first
curate at Sowerby in Yorkshire, then vicar of Halifax, where
his remains were interred, July 28, 1657. " He was a man
of that worth and excellency in learning and divinity, that he
deserved the title of an Apollos, and seemed, like Jeremiah
and the baptist, to be separated from the womb to the
ministerial office ; so temperate and healthful, so industrious
and indefatigable in the labours of his study, and so divinely
contemplative in the exercises of his mind, tjiat he approved
himself to be made up of virtue, being a stranger to all things
but the service of heaven. When he spoke to his congrega-
tion from the pulpit, it was with that power of truth, and
elegance of style, that he charmed his hearers into love and
admiration. "t Mr. Ely Bentley, his assistant and successor
at Halifax, was ejected in 1662. Â§
* Wood's Athense Oxon. vol. ii. p. 123.
+ Mather's Hist, of New Eng. b. iii. p. 9S, 94.
% Watson's Hist, of Halifax, p. 461 . Edit. 1773.
Â§ Palmer's Noacon. Mem. vol. iii. p. 436.
534 LIVES OF THE PURITANS.
Walter Rosewell, A. M. was a worthy puritan
minister, first in Friday-street, London, then at Chatham in
Kent, where he died in the year 1658. One of his name, and
probably the same person, was severely persecuted by Bishop
Pierce.* He was a man of considerable eminence. Mr.
Thomas Case preached his funeral sermon, and afterwards
published it, entitled, " Elijah's Abatement; or. Corruption
in the Saints, on James iii. 17, " â€” 1658 ; but this we have not
seen. Mr. Rosewell was cousin to Mr. Thomas Rosewell,
the nonconformist minister who was tried for high treason
before Judge J efferies ; and who in early life derived great
advantages from his pious and grave instructions.f
Thomas Ball, A. M. was born in Shropshire, in the
year 1590, and educated in Queen's college, Cambridge,
under the celebrated Dr. Preston. He afterwards became
fellow of Emanuel college in the same university, then
minister of the gospel at Northampton, where he died, and
his remains were interred, June 21, 1659, aged sixty-nine years.
His funeral sermon was preached by Mr. John Howes, rector
of Abbington near that place, M'ho gave high commendations
of his departed friend. This sermon was published, entitled,
" Real Comforts, extracted from moral and spiritual Prin-
ciples, presented in a Sermon preached at the Funeral of that
reverend Divine, Mr. Thomas Ball, with a narrative of his
Life and Death," 1660; which, however, we have never
seen. Mr.. Ball was author of several books, among which
were, " The Life of Dr. John Preston," and " Pastorum
propugnaculum ; or, the Pulpit's Patronage against the force
of unordained Usurpation and Innovation, in four Parts,"
Stanley Gower was a puritan divine of considerable
eminence, chosen one of the assembly at Westminster, and he
constantly attended during the session. He was minister at
Brampton-Bryon ; but on his removal to London, he preached
in Ludgate-street, and was one of the preachers to the par-
liament. He was appointed one of the committee for the
examination and approbation of ministers who petitioned for
sequestered livings ; and one to examine and ordain candidates
* Impeachment of Bp. Pierce, p. 8.
â– ^ Life of Rosewell prefixed to his Trial, p. 8. Edit. 1718.
l Wood's Athenae Oxon. vol. I. p. 861 .
for the ministry.* He united with his brethren, the London
ministers, in their declaration against the king's death. + He
was living in I66O, was then nnnister at Dorchester, and is
denominated a zealous and eminent presbyterian.|: He wrote
the life of Mr. Richard Rothwell, published in Clark's " Lives
annexed to his Martyrologie." One of his sermons has this
singular title, " Things Now-a-doing : or, the Churches
Travaile of the Child of Reformation Now-a-bearing, in a
Sermon before the Honourable House of Commons, at their
solemn Fast, July 31, 1644."
Henry Flint was a most holy and worthy minister,
driven from his native country by the tyrannical oppressions
of Archbishop Laud. In the year 1633 he fled to New
England, where he was chosen teacher to the church at
Braintree, of which Mr. William Thompson was pastor.
There he closed his life and his labours, April 27, l668.Â§ He
was a man of great piety, gravity, and integrity, and eminently
qualified for the ministerial work.||
James Sicklemore was minister of the church at Single-
ton, near the city of Chichester, and a person famous for
his great learning and piety. About the year 1640, he
espoused the peculiar sentiments of the baptists, and became
a zealous asserter of his opinions. Previous to this, being
concerned for the instruction of the rising generation, he
usually catechized the young people of his parish, and
explained to them the questions and answers contained in
the church catechism. On one of tliese occasions, as he
was discoursing on the promises of godfathers and godmothers
in the name of the infants at their baptism, one of his catechu-
mens asked him, " what warrant there was from the holy
scriptures for what he had been speaking .^" Feeling himself
at a loss to give a direct answer, he warmly insisted on the
general voice of the christian church. Upon further examin-
ation, he renounced infant-baptism altogether, and refused to
baptize the children of his parishioners. He was also
opposed to the maintenance of ministers by tithes ; and
Â» Neal's Puritans, vol. iii. p. 89, 140. + Ibid. p. 491 .
if Rennet's Chronicle, p. 185.
S Mather's Hist, of New Eng. b. iii. p. 152.
II Morton's Memorial, p. 190.
536 LIVES OF THE PURITANS.
therefore he gave away the greatest part of his income to
the poor and needy. Though after the change of his senti-
ments he contniued in his parish, he fiequenlly preached at
other places, particularly at Sevamore and Portsmouth ; at
both of which places he was instrumental, under God, of
making and baptizing many disciples. This practice he con-
tinued to the end of his days. 1 hough it does not appear
when he died, he laid the foundaiion of the two baptist con-
gregrations at Portsmouth and Chichester.*
Crosby's Baptists, vol. iv. p. 245 â€” 247.
Containing a correct List of the principal Authorities re~
ferred to in the Work, with the particular edition of
each. The Works in Folio are the following :
Prvnne's Breviate of the Life of Laud, 1G44.
Canterburies Doome, 1646.
Fuller's Church History of Britain, 1655.
History of the University of Cambridge, 1655.
Leigh's Treatise of Religion and Learning, 1656.
Scobell's Collection of Acts and Ordinances, 1658.
Fuller's History of the Worthies of England, 1662.
Lloyd's Memoires of Excellent Personages, 1668.
Heylin's Life of Archbishop Laud, 1668.
History of the Presbyterians, 1670.
Mede's Works, wilh his Life prefixed, 1672.
Wood's Historia et Antiquitatis Uuiver. Oxon. 1674.
Foulis's Wicked Plots of our Pretended Saints, 1674.
Heylin's History of the Reformation in England, 1674.
Clark's Martyrologie, with Lives annexed, 1677.
Hejlin's Historical and Miscellaneous Tracts, 1681.
D'Ewes's Journals of Parliaments, 1682.
Whitlocke's Memorials of English Affairs, 1682.
Nalson's Collection of Aflairs of State, ii. vols. 1682, 1683.
Clark's Lives of Eminent Persons, last vol. 1683.
Fox's Acts and Monuments of the MartjTS, iii. vols. 1684.
Rushworth's Historical Collections, v. vols, 1659 â€” 1692.
W^ood's Athena? Oxonienses, ii. vols. 1691, 1692.
Strype's Memorials of Archbishop Craumer, 1694.
Sylvester's Life of Baxter, 1696.
Wharton's Troubles and Trial of Abp. Laud, ii. vols. 1695, 1700.
Prince's Worthies of Devon, 1701.
Mather's History of New England, 1702.
Clarendon's History of the Rebellion, iii. vols. 1704.
Kennet's Complete History of England, vol. ii. and iii. 1706.
Newcourt's Repertorium Ecclesiasticum, ii. vols. 1708.
Strype's Life of Archbishop Grindal, 1710.
Collier's Ecclesiastical History, vol. ii. 1714.
Walker's Attempt at the Sufferings of the Clergy, 1714.
Burnet's History of the Reformation, iii. vols. 1681, 1715.
Strype's Life of Archbishop Whitgift, 1718.
Echard's History of England, vol. ii. 1718.
Stow's Surs'ey of London and Westminster, ii. vols. 1720.
Strype's Ecclesiastical Memorials, iii. vols. 1721.
Burnet's History of his own Time, vol. i. 1724.
Winwood's Memorials of State Afifairs, ii. vols. 1727.
Strype's Annals of tlic Reformation, iv. vols. 1709 â€” 173L
Thurloc's Collection of State Papers, vii. vols. 1732.
Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, ii. vols. 1732.
Ward's Lives of the Gresham Professors, 1740.
Kapin's History of P^ngland, vol. ii. 1743,
Kcnnet's Historical Register and Chronicle, 1744.
Blomefield's History of Norfolk, vol. i. and ii. 1739, 1745.
"Wren's Parentalia, 1750.
Warner's History of England, vol. ii. 1759.
Biographia Britannica, vii. vols. 1747 â€” 1766.
Bridges's History of Northamptonshire, ii. vols. 1792.
Biographia Britannica, v. vols. 1778 â€” 1793.
Works in Quarto.
Parte of a Register, conlajning sundrie IVIemoraLle Matters, no date.
Examinations of Barrow, Greenwood, and Poury, Â«o date,
Bancroft's Dangerous Positions, 1593.
Survey of the pretended Holy Discipline, 1593.
Ainsworth's Counterpoysou, 1608.
Paget's Arrow against the Separation of the Brownists, 1618.
Ames's Fresh Suit against Human Ceremonies in God's Worsliip,
Huntley's Breviate of the Prelates' intolerable Usurpations, 1637.
Paget's Defence of Church Government, 1641.
A Briefe Discourse of the Troubles at Frankeford, 1642.
Edwards's Antapologia, 1644.
Bailie's Dissuasive from the Errors of the Time, 1645. ,
Edwards's Gangraena, iii. parts, 1646.
Bailie's Anabaptisra, 1647.
Cotton's Way of Congregational Churches, 1648.
Fuller's Abel Redivivus, 1651.
Featley's Dippers Dipt: or the Anabaptists Duck'd, 1651.
Paget's Heresiography, 1654.
Clark's Marrow of Ecclesiastical History, 1654.
History of New England, from 1628 to 1652; printed 1654.
Bailie's Vindication of his Dissuasive, 1655.
Erbery's Testimony left upon Record, 1C58.
Morton's JMemorial of New England, 16G9.
Sparrow's Collection of Articles, Injunctions, &c. 1675.
Baxter's Second Pica for the Nonconformists, 1681.
L'Estrange's Dissenters' Sayings, ii. parts, 1681.
Works in Octavo, S^x.
Lupton's History of Protestant Divines, 1637.
Heylin's Examen Historicam, 1659.
Wilkins's Discourse on Preaching, 1678.
Paule's Life of Archbishop Whitgift, 1699.
Welwood's Memoirs of Transactions, 1700.
Barlow's Sum of thÂ« Conference at Hampton Court, 1707.
Pcirce's Vindication of the Dissenters, 1717.
Neal's History of New England, ii. vols. 1720.
Thoresbj's Vicaria Leodiensis, 1724.
Oldmixon's Critical History of England, ii. vols. 172fi.
Clarendon and Whitlocke Compared, 1727.
Calaniy's Account and Continuation, iv. vols. 1713, 1727.
Strype's Life and Acts of Bishop Aylmer, 1728.
Maddox's Vindication of the Church, against Neal, 1733.
Neal's Review of Do. 1734.
An Illustration of Neal, in the Article of Peter Smart, 1736.
Prince's Chronological History of New England, vol. i. 173G.
Grey's Examination of Neal, iii. vols. 1736 â€” 1739.
Crosby's History of the English Baptists, iv. vols. 1738â€”1740.
Grey's Review of Neal, 1744.
Bennet's Memorial of the Reformation, 1748.
Harris's Life of King Charles I. 1758.
British Biography, vol. iv. and v. 1767, 1768.
Papers of Massachusets Bay, 1769.
Backus's History of New England's Baptists, vol. i. 1777.
Life of Ainsworth, prefixed to his " Two Treatises," 1789.
Toplady's Historic Proof, ii. vols. 1793.
Neal's History of the Puritans, v. vols. 1793â€”1797.
Williams's Christian Preacher, 1800.
Palmer's Nonconformist's Memorial, iii. vols. 1802, 1803.
Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, vol, iv. and v. 1803.
Hume's History of England, vol. v.â€” vii. 1803, 1804.
Granger's Biographical History of England, iv. vols. 1804.
Morse and Parish's History of New England, 1808.
Churton's Life of Dr. Alexander Nowell, 1809.
Ivimey's History of the English Baptists, 1811.
The Manuscripts referred to are thefollozciiig:
Sloane's MSS. deposited in the British Museum.
Harleian MSS. deposited in Do.
Baker's MS. Collection, xxxviii. vols, folio.*
* This invaluable collecUon was made by the indefatigable and celebrated
Mr. Thomas Baker, the irst twenty-three volumes of which are deposited in
the British Museum. They constitute part of tlie Harleian collection,
from No. 7028 to 7050. The remaining fifteen volumes are deposited in
the university library, Cambridge.
+ This invaluable treasure, entitled, " The Second Part of a Register,"
was collected by Mr. Roger Morrice, who was ejected at the restoration,
from Duffield in Derbyshire. Bishop Maddox.with great injustice, warmly
censures this MS. as unworthy of credit : but Mr. Strype, who was intimate
with the author, gives him a very high character. He styles him " a very
careful inquirer into ancient records;" and, says he, " This gentleman was
a very diligent collector of ecclesiastical MSS. relating to the latter history
of the English church, whereof he left vast heaps behind him, and he
favoured me with his correspondence," â€” Strype's jinnals, vol. i. p. 241. â€”
Stole's Survey of London, b.iv. p. 37. â€” Maddox''s Vindication, p. 190 â€” 192.
â€” Palmer s Noncon, Mem. vol. i. p. 404.
MS. Remarks on History, from the year 1546 to 1640.
MS. Chronology of Eminent Persons, iii. vols,*
Certamina Ecclesiastica Anglicana, &c.t
I'homas's Materials for the History of Churches in Wales,
. Ecclesiastical History of Wales.
. History of Churches in Wales.J
Meen's MS. Collections.Â§
* This collection, with the two foregoiag, being five very large folio
volumes, are deposited in Dr. Williams's library, Red-Cross-Slreet,
+ This collection, now deposited in the Old College library, Homerton,
was made by Mr. John Kingdom, by mistake called John Ridge, and who
was ejected after the restoration. There is a Supplement to this MS. by
Mr. John Corbet, who was also one of the ejected ministers. â€” Palmer's
Noncon. Mem. vol. ii. p. 259. iii. 318.
j: These three volumes were written by the late Mr. Joshua Thomas of
Leominster, father to the present Mr. Timothy Thomas of Islington, who
generously favoured the author with the use of them.
ij Tiiis collection was made by Mr. Joseph Meen of Biggleswade in Bed-
fordshire, whe very kindly favoured the author with the use of it.
The nmneiical letters refer to the volume, the figures to the page, and
the letter ?t to the notes. The persons whose names are printed in