dignified as the fancy of the owner dictated. The customs house still flies
the flag of the Revenue Service, and I suppose the collector has occasionally
something to do, yet looking through the window one sees only a couple of
old gentlemen half asleep over the newspapers and a collection of dusty and
mildewed leather-bound books.
Peace and a certain sleepy dignity are the characteristics of the old town.
It is unable to get much excited about anything; changes and advances in
civilization are infrequent; the authorities there appreciate the loveliness of
the place and are anxious to keep it as untouched as possible.
The following figures give some idea of the financial situation of the
county at present. The list shows the number of people in each town and
city in New London county who paid the Federal tax on their incomes, and
v/hether the tax was based on incomes over or under $5,000 a year:
Over Under Over Under
$5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000
Bozrah o 29 New London 256 2,732
Colchester i 49 North Stonington i i
East Lyme /S Norwich 215 2,805
Franklin i 7 Old Lyme 7 41
Griswold 14 520 Preston o 4
Groton 28 546 Salem o i
Lebanon o 8 Sprague 8 318
Ledyard o 30 Stonmgton 55 980
Lisbon o o Voluntown 3 21
Lyme 4 45 Waterford 7 132
Montville 6 191
The State Senators from the three Senatorial Districts, called Ninth,
Tenth, and Eleventh, till 1906, and thereafter Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and
Twentieth, have been as follows:
Stephen A. Gardner
Stephen A. Gardner
Benj. H. Lee
Benj. H. Lee
I 898- I 900
William J. Brennan
Charles B. Waller
Fredk. P. Latimer
Bryan F. Mahan
Alton T. Miner
Lucius E. Whiton
James R. May
William C. Fox
C. C. Costello
Charles F. Thayer
S. Ashbell Crandall
William H. Palmer, Jr.
John H. Barnes
Wallace S. AUis
Nelson J. Ayling
Reuben S. Bartlett
Alonzo R. Oborn
William I. Allyn
Charles S. Avery
Charles S. Avery
John H. Barnes
John H. Barnes
William B. Wilcox
Allyn L. Brown
Alex. C. Robertson
Alex. C. Robertson
Wm. F. Gates
John N. Lewis
Henry C. Burnham
Frederick J. Brown
Arthur M. Brown
Austin I. Bush
Harley P. Buell
George H. Bradford
Frederick A. Johnson
Benjamin H. Hewitt
Frank H. Hinckley
The Mayors of Norwich have been as follows :
Benjamin Huntington, 1784-96; John McLaren Breed, 1796-98; Elisha
Hyde, 1798-1813; Calvin Goddard, 1814-31 (resigned).
Since 1831, elected annually â James Lanman, 1831-34; Francis Asher
Perkins, 1834; Charles W. Rockwell, 1835, 1838. 1846; Charles J. Lanman,
1838; William C. Gilman, 1839: John Breed, 1840-42; William P. Greeve,
1842-43; Gurdon Chapman, 1843-45; John Breed, 1845; Charles W. Rockwell,
1846; John Dunham, 1847-49; William A. Buckingham, 1849-51; LaFayette
S. Foster, 1851-53; Erastus Williams, 1853-55: Wm. L. Brewer. 1855; Wm.
A. Buckingham, 1856-58; Amos A. Prentice, 1858-60; James S. Carew, 1860-
62; James Lloyd Greene, 1862-66; Lorenzo Blackstone. 1866-70; James A.
Hovey. 1S70-71 ; James Lloyd Greene, 1871-75; Hugh H. Osgood. 1875-76";
Charles Osgood, 1876-77; Hugh H. Osgood, '877-86; Increase W. Carpenter,
1886-88; A. Ashbel Crandall, 1888-92; Calvin L. Harwood, 1892-96; Frederic
L. Osgood, 1896-1900; Charles F. Thayer, 1900-08; Costello Lippett. 1908-10;
238 NEW LONDON COUNTY
Charles F. Thayer, 1910-12; Timothy C. Murphy, 1912-16; Allyn L. Brown,
1916-18; Jeremiah J. Desmond, 1918-20; Herbert M. Lerou, 192022.
Mayors of New London:
Richard Law, 1784-1806, 22 years; Jeremiah G. Brainerd, 1806-29, 23
years; Elias Perkins, 1829-32; Coddington Billings, 1832-35; Noyes Billings,
1835-37; J'rah Isham, 1837; Francis Allyn, 1838-41; George C. Wilson, 1841,
died July 20, 1841 ; Caleb J. Allen, August 12, 1841, resigned June, 1843; An-
drew M. Frink, 1843-45, resigned; J. P. C. Mather, 1845-50, resigned August;
Andrew C. Lippett, 1850-53; Henry P. Haven, 1853-56; Jonathan N. Harris,
1856-62; Hiram Wiley, 1862-65; Frederick L. Allen, 1865-71; Augustus Bran-
degee, 1871-73; Thomas W. Waller, 1873-79; Robert Coit, 1879-82; George
E. Starr, 1882-85; C. A. Williams, 1885-88; George F. Tinker, 1888-91 ; George
Williams, 1891, resigned in two weeks; Ralph Wheeler, 1891-93, resigned
after two years; A. J. Bentley, 1893-94; James P. Johnston, 1894-97; Cyrus
G. Beckwith, 1897-1900; M. Wilson Dart, 1900-03; Bryan F. Mahan, 1903-06;
Alton T. Miner, acting Mayor five months in 1905 ; Benjamin L. Armstrong,
1906-09; Bryan F. Mahan, 1909-15; Ernest E. Rogers, 1915-18; E. Frank
The "New London Day" recently published an edition celebrating its
fortieth anniversary, which contains much valuable information. Among
other information, it printed the following chronological review:
1880 â Population of New London, 10,537.
iggi â Charter granted Smith Memorial Home, Masonic street.
1882â Petition recorded from telephone company, asking permission to set
poles through the street.
1882â State Armory land sold by Coit heirs to State of Connecticut, No-
1885 â Permission granted by common council to O. L. Livesey "for J. A.
Jenny to erect poles for trying out the experiment of lighting the city
by electricity without cost to the city."
1885 â City meeting voted to install sewer sj'stem.
1888 â Nameaug schoolhouse built. First of present modern structures.
1889 â Thames river railroad bridge opened for the use of the New Haven and
Boston and Providence railroads.
1890 â Pequot Casino Association organized July 12.
1890 â Lyceum Theater opened. First play, "The Wife," by the Frohman
Company, April 7.
1890 â Nathan Hale Grammar School erected.
1891 â Williams Memorial Institute erected.
1891 â Montauk avenue opened. First called the Boulevard.
1892 â New London Street Railway began running cars.
1893 â Ocean Beach and Lewis' woods sold by T. M. Waller to the city.
1893 â Winthrop School erected.
1894 â Saltonstall School erected.
1894 â Shiloh Baptist Church, colored, organized.
1896 â Post Office building erected.
1896 â Mohican building erected.
1896 â Brainard Lodge, F. & A. M., altered Universalist Church, Green street,
into lodge room.
1896 â Robert Bartlett School opened.
1898 â First Church, Christian Scientist, organized, June 26.
1898 â Police Station, Bradley street, erected.
1899 â Norwich and Montville trolley road began operation.
MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION 239
1899 â St. Mary's Parochial School started.
1905 â Thames Club destroyed by fire, rebuilt.
1906 â ^John Winthrop Club organized.
1906 â New London Vocational School erected.
1907 â East Lyme and New London trolley line started.
1907 â Harbor School erected.
1908 â Pequot House destroyed by fire.
1908 â Elks' Home built, corner-stone laid August 13.
1908 â Swedish Congregational Church dedicated.
1909 â All Souls' Church, Huntington street, building permit issued.
1909 â St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Montauk avenue, corner stone
laid May 30.
1909 â Southwest Ledge light first turned on, November 10.
1910 â Lawrence Free Hospital opened.
1910 â Ship and Engine Company leased factory site in Groton from New
Haven railroad. Purchased same in 191 1.
191 1 â Fund of $134,196.14 raised to secure location here of Connecticut Col-
lege by popular subscription up to March i.
1912 â Harbour Club building permit issued.
1913â Manwaring building erected.
1914 â Union Lodge, A. F. and A. M., erected new building. Union street.
1915 â Montauk Avenue Baptist Church rebuilt.
1915 â Plant building erected.
1916 â Y. M. C. A. building erected, Meridian street.
The lists of Representatives from the various towns of the State have
been as follows for thirty years :
Bozrah â 1890-92, William F. Bogue; 1892-94, John J. Gager; 1894-96,
William J. Way; 1896-98, E. Judson Miner; 1898-1900, William Kilroy; 1900-
02, William Kilroy; 1902-04, Wareham W. Bentley; 1904-06, Wareham W.
Bentley; 1906-08, John S. Sullivan; 1908-10, John F. Fields; 1910-12, John F.
Fields; 1912-14, John S. Sullivan; 1914-16, Nelson L. Stark; 1916-18, John J.
Sweeney ; 1918-20, John J. Sweeney ; 1920, Elijah S. Abel.
Colchester â 1890-92, James R. Button, Milton L. Loomis; 1892-94, Frank
B. Taylor, Clarence H. Norton; 1894-96, Wm. E. Harvey, Howard C. Brown;
1896-98, Edward M. Day, William Daudley; 1898-1900, Addison C. Taintor,
Edward E. Brown ; 1900-02, Joseph E. Hall, Charles H. Daudley ; 1902-04,
John R. Backus, Amatus R. Bigelow; 1904-06, David S. Day, Edward C.
Snow; 1906-08, Samuel N. Morgan, Guy B. Clark; 1908-10, Edward T. Bun-
yan, Samuel McDonald; 1910-12, Asa Brainard, Harry Elgart; 1912-14, Harry
Elgart. Daniel T. Williams; 1914-16, Daniel W. Willinins, Curtis P. Brown;
1916-18, Edwin R. Gillette, Jacob J. Elgart; 1918-20, Samuel Gellert, William
K. Raymond : 1920, Albert H. Foote, George Cutler.
Griswold â 1890-92, James H. Finn; 1892-94, Frederick H. Partridge;
1894-96, John Potter; 1896-98, Ira T. Lewis; 1898-1900, Samuel S. Edmond;
1900-02, Arthur M. Brown; 1902-04, Albert G. Brewster; 1904-06, Arba
Browning; 1906-08, Jonas L. Herbert; 1908-10, John W. Payne; 1910-12, J.
Byron Sweet; 1912-14, Alfred J. L'Heureux; 1914-16, John Potter; 1916-18,
John F. Hermon ; 1918-20, Wm. H. McNicol ; 1920, John T. Barry.
Groton â 1890-92, Charles H. Smith, Amos R. Chapman ; 1892-94, William
R. McGavhey, Everett L. Crane; 1894-96, Charles H. Smith, Judson F. Bailev;
1896-98, Robert P. Wilbur, Donald Gunn; 1898-1900, Wm. H. Allen, Ralph
H. Denison; 1900-02. Wm. H. Allen, George A. Perkins; 1902-04, Benjamin
F. Burrows, Albert E. Wheeler; 1904-06, Simeon G. Fish, Edward F. Spicer;
1906-08, Frederick P. Latimer, Benj. F. Burrows; 1908-10, Charles H. Smith,
NEW LONDON COUNTY
Everett L. Crane; 1910-12, Percy H. Morgan, Edward E. Spicer; 1912-14.
Christopher L. Avery, Allen W. Rathbun ; 1914-16, Charles T. Crandall,
Charles H. Kenyon ; 1916-18, George R. Hempstead, Frank E. Williams;
1918-20, Charles H. Smith, Irvin E. Crouch ; 1920, Charles H. Smith, Howard
Lebanonâ 1890-92, Isaac G. Avery, Frederic Gates; 1892-94, William C.
Blanchard. Fred J. Brown; 1894-96, Hobart McCall, Robert E. Turner; 1896-
98, George A. Mills, George A. Fuller; 1898-1900, Llewellyn P. Smith, Edw.
H. McCall; 1900-02, Charles B. Strong, Charles H. Loomis; 1902-04, Charles
S. Briggs, Charles B. Noyes; 1904-06, William H. Geer, George H. Hewitt;
1906-08. Charles A. Perkins, Fred'k O. Brown; 1908-10, Isaac G. Larkin,
Elisha Waterman ; 1910-12, George H. Hoxie, Myron R. Abell ; 1912-14, Frank
K. Noyes, Wm. A. Watson ; 1914-16, Frederick N. Taylor, James A. Thomas ;
1916-18, Edward A. Hoxie, Wm. T. Curry; 1918-20, Karl F. Bishop, Edward
W. Jones ; 1920, Stanton L. Briggs, Arthur E. Hewitt.
East Lyme â 1890-92, E. K. Beckwith ; 1892-94, Arthur B. Calkins; 1894-
96, George P. Hill; 1896-98, Arthur B. Calkins; 1898-1900, John F. Luce;
1900-02, Arthur B. Calkins; 1902-04, James R. White; 1904-06, John T. Beck-
with ; 1906-08, Frederick A. Beckwith ; 1908-10, Washington I. Gadbois ; 1910-
12, Clifford E. Chapman; 1912-14, Jay V. Beckwith ; 1914-16, Marion R. Davis;
1916-18, Asahel R. DeWolf; 1918-20, Charles R. Tubbs; 1920, Julius T.
Franklin â 1890-92, John M. N. Lathrop; 1892-94, Clifton Peck; 1894-96,
Clayton H. Lathrop; 1896-98, James H. Hyde; 1898-1900, Frank B. Greenslit;
1900-02, Azel R. Race; 1902-04, Frederick S. Armstrong; 1904-06, Walter S.
Vail; 1906-08, Abial T. Browning; 1908-10, Frank A. Rockwood ; 1910-12,
James H. Hyde; 1912-14, Frederick W. Hoxie; 1914-16, C. Huntington Lath-
rop; 1916-18, Frank I. Date; 1918-20, Herman A. Gager; 1920, Charles B.
Ledyard â 1890-92, George W. Spicer; 1892-94, George W. Spicer; 1894-
96, Charles A. Gray; 1896-98, Nathan S. Gallup; 1898-1900, Jacob Gallup;
1900-02, Daniel W. Lamb ; 1902-04, Daniel W. Lamb ; 1904-06, William I.
Allyn; 1906-08. William I. Allyn; 1908-10, Frank W. Brewster; 1910-12, Wil-
liam I. Allyn; 1912-14, Isaac G. Geer; 1914-16, Joseph D. Austin; 1916-18,
William I. Allyn ; 1918-20, William I. Allyn ; 1920, Henry W. Hurlbutt.
Lisbon â 1890-92, John G. Bromley; 1892-94, John G. Bromley; 1894-96,
James E. Roberts; 1896-98, Charles B. Bromley; 1898-1900, James B. Palmer;
1900-1902, Frank E. Olds; 1902-04, Calvin D. Bromley; 1904-06, Harry L.
Hull: 1906-08, John M. Lee; 1908-10, Ira C. Wheeler; 1910-12, Herman E.
Learned; 1912-14, James T. Shea: 1914-16, Francis H. Johnson; 1916-18,
James Graham ; 1918-20, James Graham ; 1920. Henry J. Kendall.
Lvme â 1890-92, Stephen P. Sterling, Robert M. Thompson; 1892-94, J.
Elv Beebe, Ephriam O. Reynolds; 1894-96, Roswell P. LaPlace. J. Greffin
Ely; 1896-98, James L. Lord, E. Hart Geer; 1898-1900, Samuel W. jewett, J.
Raymond Warren; 1900-02, James Daniels. James E. Beebe; 1902-04, Lee L.
Brockway, J. Raymond Warren; 1904-06, Frederick S. Fosdick, William
Marvin ; 1906-08, J. Raymond Warren, William Marvin ; 1908-10. Nehemiah
Daniels, John S. Hall ; 1910-12. J. Warren Stark, Harold H. Reynolds ; 1912-14,
Charles W. Pierson, John S. Hall: 1914-16, John S. Hall. Charles W. Pierson;
1916-18, Ray L. Harding, J. Lawrence Raymond ; 1918-20, J. Lawrence Ray-
mond, Hayden L. Reynolds ; 1920, J. Warren Stark, Arthur G. Sweet.
Montville â 1890-92, Charles A. Chapman; 1892-94, John F. Freeland ;
1894-96. George N. Wood; 1896-98, George N. Wood; 1898-1900, Moses Chap-
man ; 1900-02, Joseph F. Killeen ; 1902-04, George H. Bradford : 1904-06, Rob-
ert C. Burchard ; 1906-08, Robert C. Burchard ; 1908-10, Dan D. Home ; 1910-12,
Frederick A. Johnson ; 1912-14, C. Everett Chapman ; 1914-16, Matt A. Tinker ;
MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION 241
1916-18, George H. Bradford; 1918-20, Edwin F. Comstock; 1920, Frank W.
New London â 1890-92, George C. Strong, Walter Fitzmaurice ; 1892-94,
George C. Strong, Walter Fitzmaurice; 1894-96, Frederick H. Parmalee,
Charles R. Boss; 1896-98. Robert Coit, Cyrus G. Beckwith ; 1898-1900, Frank
B. Brandegee, Charles B. Whittlesey; 1900-02, Charles B. Whittlesey, William
B. Coit; 1902-04, Henry Lambert, William B. Coit; 1904-06, Daniel M.
Cronin, Charles B. Waller; 1906-08, Lucius E. Whiton, Carl J. Viets ; 1908-10,
Lucius E. Whiton, Daniel M. Cronin; 1910-12, Nathan Belcher, Lucius E.
Whiton; 1912-14, Abel P. Tanner, James R. Mav ; 1914-16, Frank Q. Cronin,
Cyrus W. Brown ; 1916-18, William A. Holt, William C. Fox ; 1918-20, William
A. Holt; George Goss; 1920, Ernest E. Rogers, Morris B. Payne.
North Stonington â 1890-92, Cyrus H. Stewart, George W. Edwards ;
1892-94, S. Curtis Eggleston, Latham Hull; 1894-96, Amasa W. Main, George
F. Coats; 1896-98, Amasa W. Main, Samuel Thompson; 1898-1900, William
B. Cary, George F. Coats; 1900-02, George D. Thompson, E. Frank White;
1902-04, George D. Thompson, E. Frank White; 1904-06, Calvin A. Snyder,
Latham Hull; igo6-o8, Calvin A. Snyder, Herbert Richardson; igo8-io, Frank
H. Brown, Chester S. Maine; 1910-12, Richard B. Wheeler, Charles Lyman
Stewart; 1912-14, Frank H. Brown, Thurman P. Maine; 1914-16, Clarence E.
Palmer, Lyle C. Gray ; 1916-18, George H. Stone, Horace G. Lewis ; 1918-20,
George H. Stone, Malcolm E. Thompson; 1920, Irving R. Maine, N. Frank
Norwich â 1890-92, Gardiner Greene, Jr., George C. Raymond; 1892-94,
William C. Mowry, William H. Palmer, Jr.; 1894-96, Gardiner Greene, Jr.,
Joseph Brewer; 1896-98, John H. Barnes, Currie Gilmour ; 1898-1900, Currie
Gilmour, Edwin W. Higgins ; 1900-02, George Greenman, James H. Lathrop ;
1902-04, George Greenman, Frank T. Maples; 1904-06, Frank T. Maples,
Herbert W. Hale; 1906-0S, Tyler Cruttenden, Henrv W. Tibbits; 1908-10,
Henry W. Tibbits, Charles B. Bushnell ; 1910-12, Frederick Dearing, John F.
Cranev; 1912-14, John F. Craney, William T. Delaney; 1914-16, Albert J.
Bailey, Joseph H. Henderson ; 1916-18. Albert J. Bailey, Joseph H. Henderson;
1918-20. Patrick T. Connell, Joseph F. Williams; 1920, George Thompson,
C W. Pendleton.
Old Lyme â 1890-92, Lyman Chapman; 1892-94, Henry Austin: 1894-96.
James T. Bugbee ; 1896-98, John H. Noble; 1898-1900, Frank I. Saunders;
1900-02, Joseph S. Huntington ; T902-04, John H. Bradbury ; 1904-06. John H.
Bradbury; iqo6-o8, Eugene D. Caulkins ; 1908-10, John H. Noble; 1910-12,
John H. Noble; 1912-14, Thomas L. Haynes; 1914-16, Joseph S. Huntington;
1916-18, Harry G. Pierson ; 1918-20, Robert H. Noble; 1920, Harry T. Gris-
Preston â 1890-02, Frank W. Fitch, Charles W. Kingsley ; 1892-94, Henry
E. Davis. William H. Burnett: 1894-06, Austin A. Chapman, Appleton Main;
1896-98, Charles F. Boswell, Charles B. Chapman ; 1898-1900, Daniel L. Jones,
Gilbert S. Raymond ; 1900-02, Adolphus D. Zabriskie. George M. Hvde : 1902-
04, George A. Frink, John H. Davis; 1904-06, Edward P. Hollowell. John H.
Davis; 1906-08, Luther C. Zabriskie, Alexander C. Harkness ; 1908-10, Arthur
E. Shedd. James F. Thurston; 1910-12, \^''alter MacClisien. Hollis H. Palmer;
1912-14, Henry M. Betlerig, Allen B. Burdick; 1914-16, Eckford G. Pendleton,
William B. Mitchell: 1916-18, James B. Bates, John P. Holowell ; 1918-20,
John P. Holowell, Beriah E. "Burdick; 1920, E. G. Pendleton, Joseph E.
Salem â 1890-Q2. Alvah Morgan; 1802-94, Edwin H. Harris: 1894-96,
Alvah Morgan; 1896-98, Albert Morgan :t898-I900, Frank S. DeWolf ; 1900-02,
Alvah Morgan: 1902-04, John H. Purcell : 1904-06. Howard A. Rix: 1906-08,
Sydney A. Dolbeare ; 1908-10, Elmer M. Chadwich ; 1910-12, Ernest L. Lati-
242 NEW LONDON COUNTY
mer; 1912-14, Lewis Latimer; 1914-16, J. Frank Rogers; 1916-18, Carl H.
Rogers; 1918-20, James Lane; 1920, William B. Kingsley.
Spragueâ 1890-92. William Ladd ; 1892-94, Thomas H. Allen; 1894-96,
Thomas H. Allen; 1896-98, Ebenezer Allen; 1898-1900, Henry Buteau ; 1900-
02, Joseph Quinn; 1902-04, Harold Lawton ; 1904-06, Angus Parker; 1906-08,
Raymond J. Jodoin ; 1908-10, Raymond J. Jodoin ; 1910-12, John H. Brown;
1912-14. Irenee L. Buteau; 1914-16, Irenee L. Buteau; 1916-18, Irenee L.
Buteau ; 1918-20, Raymond J. Jodoin ; 1920, William G. Park.
Stonington â 1890-92, Silas B. Wheeler, Warren W. Chase; 1892-94,
George R. "McKenna. Arthur G. Wheeler; 1894-96, James Pendleton, Henry
B. Noyes, Jr.; 1896-98, James Pendleton, Elias Williams; 1898-1900, Frank
H. Hinckley, George H. Maxson ; 1900-02, Frank H. Hinckley, George H.
Maxson; 1902-04, William H. Smith, Charles F. Champlain ; 1904-06, Charles
F. Champlain, Peter Bruggenam : 1906-08, Eli Gledhill, William J. Lord;
1908-10, William F. Broughton, Albert G. Martin: 1910-12, Joseph W. Chese-
bro, John R. Babcock; 1912-14, Joseph W. Chesebro, Herman L. Holdridge;
1914-16, Elias F. Wilcox. Bourdow A. Babcock; 1916-18, Elias F. Wilcox,
Bourdow A. Babcock; 1918-20, Nathaniel P. Noyes, Frederick Boulder; 1920,
Frederick Boulder, Nathaniel P. Noyes.
Voluntownâ 1890-92. John N. Lewis; 1892-94, Henry C. Gardner; 1894-
96, George W. Rouse ; 1896-98, Charles E. Maine ; 1898-1900, Ezra Briggs ;
1900-02, Oregin S. Gallup ; 1902-04, Edward A. Pratt ; 1904-06, James W.
Whitman; 1906-08. Elam A. Kinne; 1908-10, E. Byron Gallup; 1910-12,
Azarias Grenier ; 1912-14, William H. Dawley, Jr. ; 1914-16, Stephen B. Sweet ;
1916-18, Constant W. Chatfield ; 1918-20, Constant W. Chatfield ; 1920, Thomas
Waterford â 1890-92, John L. Payne ; 1892-94, James E. Beckwith ; 1894-
96, William C. Saunders; 1896-98. Frederick A. Jacobs; 1898-1900. Albert H.
Lauphere ; 1900-02, Albert H. Lauphere ; 1902-04, Albert H. Lauphere ; 1904-
06, Edward C. Hammond; 1906-08, Selden B. Manwaring; 1908-10, Frederic
E. Comstock; 1910-12, Albert H. Lauphere; 1912-14, Albert H. Lauphere;
1914-16, Stanley D. Morgan; 1916-18, John C. Geary; 1918-20, John C. Geary;
1920, William Ellery Allyn.
LIBRARY, CONNECTICUT COLLEGE FOR WOMEN.
Connecticut College â Norwich Free Academy â Bacon Academy â Bulkeley School â
Williams Memorial Institute â New London Vocational School â Mystic Oral
School for the Deaf.
The greater number of the following narratives of notable educational
institutions are contributed by authorities of recognized knowledge and abil-
ity. The first, relating to Connecticut College, is by President Benjamin T.
Marshall, head of that institution.
CONNECTICUT COLLEGE, NEW LONDON
The foundations of Connecticut College were laid, not only in the fine
purposes and industry of the incorporators, but also in the faith they held in
women, and in their conviction that within the State of Connecticut there
should be a modern, progressive college for women, that should provide these
forms of higher education for women to which in recent years they have
aspired in increasing numbers, and for the privileges of which they have now
for many years demonstrated their indisputable qualification.
But there is also the glow and ardor of romance in the story of the
college, for how else shall we describe the experience of the young institution
whose hand was sought bj' a score or more towns and cities, who also
promised lavish gifts. Was it not romance, and was it not high gallantry,
that moved New London to sue so ardently for the hand of the college and
to present so promptly the gifts it promised, in the form of lands and funds?
The college will never forget the splendid enthusiasm of New London,
its corporate body, and its citizens, nor their significant and munificent gifts.
The coming of the college afforded New London a chance to demonstrate a
spirit of unity and of devotion to education which became in a real way the
revival of a civic pride and spirit which has characterized the citv "imi=;-
takably in these recent years.
To serve and honor the city, which has served and honored it, will be
always a dominant factor in the purpose and life of the college ; for it recog-
nizes that by virtue of its character and purpose it should be the purveyor
to the city of opportunities for culture through lectures, exhibitions, musical
programs and conferences of various kinds, and seek to encourage the people
of the city to avail themselves of its ever-widening and increasing privileges.
The relations of city and college each to the other were begun under
happiest auspices. May they never cease to be reciprocally joyous and profit-
able. While the city goes about its daily business, the "College on the Hill"
moves faithfully and eagerly forward in the prosecution of its program, in
devotion to its distinctive ideal.
What the college is and what it aims for, how it does its work, and in
what spirit and with what results, the following paragraphs aim clearly to
state. They are presented as the official statement of the college through its
I. The need for more women's colleges. For many years there had been
244 NEW LONDON COUNTY
among educators and all persons interested in the higher education of women
a recognition that more women's colleges of high grade were greatly needed,
since the women's colleges already existing were either filled to capacity or
Connecticut College came into existence to meet, so far as it was able,
that well-defined need of more high-grade, centrally located colleges for
women. It became, in fact, a necessity in this new era for women, which has
given them the full rights of suffrage. Within the State the need was
accentuated by the fact that Wesleyan had determined to be solely a man's
college; and in the mind of Wesleyan Alumna, and in the minds of friends
whom she had gathered about her, the idea and purpose to have a woman's
college within the State of Connecticut took root, assumed form, and became
an established fact.
2. The Specific Need. There was further recognized the need of colleges
specifically for women, which should definitely contemplate the tastes, talents,
aptitudes, ambitions, potential service and possibilities of women in social,
literary, educational, secretarial, business, professional and administrative
positions; and should, coupled with the cultural and literary and scientific
studies which serve as backgrounds and resources, those subjects and that
training in them which give a vocational emphasis, and stimulate and equip