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A visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) online

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the maxim that he is master of another's life
who cares not for his own. The knight lies
buried in Warwick church, under a monu-
ment of black and white marble, with an in-
scription stating that "he w&sservcmt to Queen
Elizabeth, counsellor to King James, and///'//'/
to Sir Philip Sydney." His successor was
one of the firmest and most consistent sup-
porters of the Parliamentarians in the days of
the great revolution, causing his castle to be
strongly fortified in their behalf. A siege
ensued, but the assailants, who endeavoured
to take it by storm, were defeated. His
catastrophe was reserved for another hour
and another place, and then when he least
expected it. The Royalists had seized the
Close in Lichfleld for the king, a place na-
turally strong, and defended by a moat as
well as by a thick and lofty wall. As this
post threatened to be a serious annoyance,
Lord Brooke, who governed Warwickshire in
their name, advanced with a considerable
force upon Lichfleld, nothing doubting that
he would shortly take it, and with little
trouble, for the garrison was but poorly sup-
plied with provisions. So little did he ap-
prehend any real danger from such defenders,
that he took up his lodging at a house within
musket-shot of the Close ; and here, while
sitting at an open window, on the very day
of the intended assault, he was killed by a
soldier who tired at him from the opposite
wall. The ball entered his eye, upon which
he fell dead at once without a groan. Claren-
don, with no very generous spirit, and in a
tone much more fitting a sour Covenanter
than a gallant Cavalier, hints that his death
was a special visitation of Providence. " It
was reported," says the historian, " that in
his prayer that very morning — for he used to
pray publicly, though his chaplain were in
the presence — he wished, ' that if the cause

VOL. II.



he were in were not right and just, he might
be presently cut off.' " By the reluctant con
fession of the same writer, qualified indeed
with many if 8 and huts, Lord Brooke was both
well-natured and just, though he was one of
those who would have been with most recon-
ciled to the government of church and state.
By his own party his death Avas much la-
mented, there being no man in whom they
placed a more absolute confidence. His de-
scendant, Francis Greville, the ancestor of
the present possessor, was created Earl of
Warwick in 1747.

The approach to Warwick Castle is through
an embattled gateway at the entrance of the
town. The road is cut through a solid rock,
overgrown with moss and ivy, and crowned
with trees and shrubs of various kinds, wind-
ing along for nearly a quarter of a mile, when
the noble building breaks at once upon the
sight in all its magnificence. On the right
hand is Guy's Tower, the walls of which are .
ten feet thick and 128 feet high. Upon the
left is a pile called Ccesar's Tower, connected
with the former by a strong wall, in the centre
of which is a ponderous gateway with a port-
cullis, leading to the inner court.

The entrance-hall is sixty feet long, and
forty feet broad, reaching up to the very roof
of the castle. Its walls are characteristically
covered with ancient armour, swords, shields,
helmets, spears, and the like, strongly recal-
ling the idea of olden times. Adjoining the
hall is a dining-room, more modern than any
other part of the building. Beyond this
again, is a magnificent suite of state apart-
ments, consisting of two state drawing-rooms
and a boudoir, and other apartments. The
walls are hung with valuable pictures by the
old masters, amongst which are more particu-
larly to be noticed Vandyke's famous paint-
ing of Charles the First on horseback, and
the portrait, by Rubens, of Ignatius Loyola,
the celebrated founder of the order of the
Jesuits.

In the greenhouse is the Warwick Vase,
the subject of so much discussion and admi-
ration. It is a round basin of white marble,
seven feet in diameter, and twenty-one feet
in circumference, a prodigy of ancient art,
which was discovered in the baths of the Em-
peror Adrian, and presented by the Queen of
Naples to Sir William Hamilton, the English
ambassador at her court. By him it was
given to the late Earl of Warwick, and hence
its name, as having here attained, it may be
hoped, its final resting-place for many a cen-
tury to come.

During the last year Warwick Castle has
also become the depository of the magnificent
Kenilworth Buffet. It was presented to Lord
Brooke upon his marriage, by his friends in
the county, to be preserved as an heirloom
in the family — "Sit perpetual"

p



106



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



The habitable part forms but a small por-
tion of this immense structure, which stands
on the northern bank of the Avon, and upon
a rock forty feet higher than the level of the
river; but one side is even with the town,
and from the terrace commands a rich and
varied prospect. The park is extensive, and
adorned by wood and water, various path-
ways being cut through it, so as to afford
many different and striking views of the
castle. On the west of the building is an
artificial mound, ascended by a spiral path,
and on the summit of which, according to
tradition, was the gloomy abode of Ethel-
fleda, the " Lady of the Mercians." At pre-
sent the site is occupied by an ancient fir
tree.

In whatever way we look at the subject, it
would be difficult to find a more interesting
spot than Warwick Castle. The grounds
about it are eminently beautiful, the distant
prospect on all sides is no less picturesque,
and the building itself — both what is yet left
whole, and what encumbers the ground with
ruins — impresses the imagination strongly even
before we know the legends that cling to the
venerable walls. The antiquaries have, in-
deed, done their best to destroy these illu-
sions — if illusions they be — but who would
feel inclined to listen to them? Who, in
looking at these waUs, does not for the mo-
ment believe in the redoubted Guy, and the
thousand fictions of the rude old minstrels?



"This visible nature and this common world
Are all too narrow ; yea, a deeper import
Lurks in the legend told our infant years,
Than lies upon the truth we live to learn,



ACKLAM HALL, Cleveland, Yorkshire,
the seat of Thomas Hustler, Esq., a Magi-
strate for the North Biding. The name,
Acklam, is probably a corruption of the
Anglo-Saxon, egfie or eche, an oak, from the
oaks which at one time abounded here. That
they did so is evident from recent discoveries.
In opening a new cut through the township
of Acklam, between Portack and Newport,
large roots of such trees were found in their
natural bed, the trunks and branches lying
horizontally in the clay.

The parish would seem to have belonged
at one time to the powerful family of De
Brus, who gave the church of the abbess St.
Hilda at Middlesborough to the monastery at
Whitby, to which house

■ "three barons bold

Must menial service do ;
While horns blow out a note of shame,
And monks cry ' fie upon your name !
In -wrath for loss of sylvan game

Saint Hilda's priest ye slew.'

This on Ascension Day each year,
While labouring on our harbour pier,
Must Herbert, Bruce, and Percy hear."



And the same nuns hi their songs told,



" How in their convent cell

A Saxon princess once did dwell,

The lovely Edelfled ;
And how of thousand snakes each one
Was changed into a coil of stone

When holy Hilda prayed ;
Themselves within their holy bound
Their stony folds have often found.
They told how sea-fowls' pinions fail,
As over Whitby's towers they sail,
And sinking down with flutt'rings faint,
They do their homage to the saint."



A part of the possessions was held of Peter
de Brus by William de Bevington, or Boyn-
ton ; and, in 1637, we find the manor of
Acklam, with the villages of Airsome, Lin-
thorpe, and Middlesborough, were conveyed
by Sir Matthew Boynton, Bart., to William
Hustler the elder and William Hustler the
younger, Esquires, as joint tenants in fee ;
and the first mentioned having deceased, it
became wholly vested in William. Upon his
death, his son, of the same name, who was
afterwards knighted, devised it in failure of
male heirs to his daughters, Anne Peirse,
widow, and Evereld Hustler, as tenants in
common in fee. Three parts of the whole
eventually came into the possession of this
same Evereld, from whom, by the conditions
of her will, it descended to her great nephew,
Thomas Peirse, when he assumed the name
and arms of Hustler.

So far back as the reign of Henry the
Eighth, one of this family highly distinguished
himself against the celebrated Scottish ad-
miral, Sir Andrew Barton, who makes such
a figure in chronicle and ancient ballad,
though in the latter the name is erroneously
written Horseley. It seems that one of
three brothers, composing the family of Bar-
ton, had been captured by the Portuguese,
to revenge which affront James the Fourth
of Scotland had granted Sir Andrew letters
of reprisals ; that is, a warrant empowering
him to take all Portuguese vessels which
should come into their way, until their loss
was made up. But Sir Andrew, not con-
tented with warring on the Portuguese,
stretched his commission so far as to stop
and plunder all English vessels bound for
Portugal, cruising even in the Downs. The
court of Henry was filled with complaints
from the English merchants, and however
unwilling to do anything that might endanger
the doubtful peace with Scotland, he at
length found himself compelled, both in ho-
nour and prudence, to attempt putting down
this sea robber, whose audacity seemed to
acknowledge no bounds whatever. Accord-
ingly, he fitted out two vessels, filled with
chosen men, and placed them under the com-
mand of Thomas, Lord Howard, and Sir Ed-
ward Howard, both sons to the Earl of Sur-



SEATS OF GKEAT BRITAIN.



107



rey. Or, as the old ballad tells the story
with much spirit —

" The king- lokt over his left shoulder,

And an angrye look then looked hee :
' Have I never a lorde in all my realnie

Will fetch yon traytor unto me .' '
'Yea, that dare I,' Lord Howard saves ;

'Yea, that dare I with heart and "hand ;
If it please your grace to give me leave,

Myselfe will be the only man.'

' Thou art but young,' the king replyed ;

Yond Scott hath numbered many a yeare.'
' Trust me, my liege, I'll make him quail,

Or before my prince I will never appeare.'
' Then bowmen and gunners thou shalt have,

And chuse them over my realnie so free .
Besides good mariners and shipp-bo5 r es

To guide the great shipp on the sea.'

The first man that Lord Howard chose

Was the ablest gunner in all the realm,
Though he was three score years and ten ;

And Peter Simon was his name,
My lord then chose a bowman rare,

Whose active hands had gained fame ;
In Yorkshire was this gentleman born,

And William Hustler was his name.

'Hustler,' said he, ' I must with speed

Go seek a traitor on the sea ;
And now of a hundred bowmen brave,

To be the head I have chosen thee.'
' If you,' quoth hee, ' have Chosen mee

Of a hundred bowemen to be head,
On your maine-mast I'll hanged bee

If I miss twelvescore one penny bread.' "

Forth, then sails the " noble Howard" from
the Thames, and has not been at sea more
than three days when he meets and stops a
merchant's ship, the owner of which gives
him a terrible account of Sir Andrew Bar-
ton —



"He is brasse within and steel without,
With beames on his topcastle stronge,
And thirty pieces of ordinance
He carries on each side alonge."

And after much more in the same vein, he
concludes with the consolatory warning, that,

" Were ye twentye shippes, and he but on°,
I sweare by kirke, and bower, and hall,
He wold o'erconie them every one,
If once his beames they do down fail."

My lord replies, as well he may, that " this is
cold comfort," but, nevertheless, he persists
in his design, and the merchant undertakes,
by the help of certain glasses, to show him
where the pirate is to be found —

" And on the morrowe, by nine of clocke,
He shewed him Sir Andrew Barton, knight."

The smaller of the freebooter's vessels is first
sent to attack Lord Howard, but this is sunk
at the first shot, the gunner having loaded a
cannon with a " chaine full nine yardes long,
with other great shot lesse and moe." In-
dignant at a result so unexpected, the pirate
now attacks with his own vessel, but is so
roughly handled that he gave orders to " let
his beames downe fall," a phrase which seems
to have sorely puzzled Bishop Percy, but



which only means that Sir Andrew had armed
his ship, as castles were often armed in those
days — that is, with heavy timbers, to be dropt
upon the enemy with the intent to crush him.
The reader who remembers the expedient of
De Bracy at the siege of Front de Bceuf's
castle of Torquilstone, will be at no loss to
understand this contrivance.

The pirate's intention had not escaped the
vigilant eye of Lord Howard. At his com-
mand William Hustler, whose aim would
seem to have been unerring, shoots every one
who attempts to put this manoeuvre into
practice, till he has "left but arrowes twaine."
Thereupon Sir Andrew, having first clad him-
self in his armour of proof,



" he did swarve the tree,

With right good will he swarved then ;
Upon his breast did Hustler hitt,

But the arrow bounded back agen.
Then Hustler spyed a privye place,

With a perfect eye in a secrette part ;
Under the spole of his right arnie

He smote Sir Andrew to the heart."



The result may be easily guessed. The ship
is taken, and William Hustler — or, as the old
ballad has the name, Horseley — arrives at
high reward and honour, as do all the prin-
cipal sharers in the enterprise. But this fight
was in its consequences yet more disastrous
to Scotland than the mere loss of men and
ships in the action itself, for it was one
cause of the fatal battle of Flodden Field.
King James the Fourth insisted upon satis-
faction for the loss of his vessels and the
death of the stout Sir Andrew, and though
the matter was bolstered up for the time, it
was sufficient, with other more real grounds
of offence, to induce James to invade Eng-
land, while Henry the Eighth was engaged
in hostilities against the French in their own
country. The narrative of that fight belongs
not here ; it will be enough to observe that
at Flodden, also William, now Sir William
Hustler, distinguished himself as much as he
had before done against the pirate.

The ancient structure of Acklam Hall was
enlarged in 1683 by the Sir William Hustler
of the day. Even then it was a handsome
square building, equally massive and con-
venient, with the family arms above the front
door. The entrance at that tune was by a noble
avenue, still remaining, of firs and lime-trees,
many of which, however, have been destroyed
by age, and others unfortunately blown down
in the tremendous storm of January 7th, 1839.
This loss has been more than replaced by ex-
tensive plantations, which only want tune and
a moderate share of attention to be a consider-
able addition to the landscape. The house,
too, has of late years been much improved by
the present proprietor, and it now forms a large
and handsome building of the Elizabethan
style of architecture, with gable ends and



108



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



■windows divided into small compartments.
The situation being low, the prospect com-
manded from the house is not very extensive,
but the grounds in front have a soft and
pleasing aspect. The present proprietor
contemplates further improvements.

CULLODEN HOUSE, Invemesshire, was
built in 1783, by the late Arthur Forbes, Esq.,
of C alio/ leu. It occupies the site of the old
Castle of Culloden, the remains of which,
consisting of the lower part of the exterior
wall, the kitchen with its spacious antique
fireplace, the great hall and sundry vaults
and cellars, attest the solidity and strength
of the ancient structure. Captain Burt in
his " Letters from a Gentleman in the North
of Scotland to his Friends in London,"
written upwards of a hundred and twenty
years ago, says of the old Castle of Culloden,
" It is about three miles from Inverness,
and is a pretty large fabric built of stone,
and divided into many rooms, among which
the hall is very spacious. There are good
gardens belonging to it, and a noble planted
avenue of great length, that leads to the
house, and a plantation of trees about it.
This house, or castle, was besieged in the
year 1715, by a body of the rebels, and the
laird (who was member for the county)
being absent in Parliament, his lady baffled
all their attempts with extraordinary courage
and presence of mind." In 1746, Prince
Charles Edward slept in the Castle of Cul-
loden, for two or three nights before the de-
cisive battle so fatal to his hopes of a crown.
His walking-stick, of strong hazel, with two
quaintly carved heads, is still carefully pre-
served at Culloden, and one of the vaults of the
old castle is pointed out as that into which,
after the battle, seventeen wounded officers of
his army were thrown, and in which they were
kept till their removal, three days afterwards,
to be shot on a neighbouring eminence.

The Edmondstones, ofDuntreath, were the
proprietors of Culloden so earlyas the reign of
King David II. In the reign of King James
IV., Sir William Edmondstone, of Culloden
and Duntreath,who,in 1513, fell fighting under
the standard of his royal master and kins-
man, at the battle of Flodden, sold the
estate of Culloden to Alexander Strachan,
of Scotstown ; as appears from a charter under
the great seal, dated July 30, 1506. By the
Strachans it was sold to the Laird of Mack-
intosh, from whom it was purchased, about
1626, by Duncan Forbes, afterwards Mem-
ber of Parliament for Inverness, descended
from the family of Lord Forbes through
that of Tolquhoun, and by his mother's side
from that of Keith, Earl Marischall. His
eldest son and heir, John Forbes, of Culloden,
who died about the time of the Revolution,
added largely to the family possessions by



the purchase of the extensive barony of
Ferrintosh in Ross-shire, and of Bunchrew
in Inverness-shire. Arthur Forbes, Esq., of
Culloden, the present proprietor, is his lineal
descendant, and the ninth of his name who
has borne the family honours.

" The family of Forbes, of Culloden," to
quote the Edinburgh ll< rim-, " had long been
distinguished as the principal member of
one of the great Highland clans, and was
formerly still more conspicuous by the share
which it took in all the public transactions
of its native land ; but the most brilliant
and honourable part of its history is that
which records the life of Duncan Forbes,
who died President of the Court of Session
in 1747. This eminent man raised himself
to that high station by the unassisted excel-
lence of a noble character, by the force of
which he had previously won and adorned
all the subordinate gradations of office. He
took the lead in all affairs touching Scot-
land for nearly half of the last century, was
particularly active during the two rebellions,
maintained a constant intercourse with all
the great men of his day, and died leaving
behind him a bright and unenvied reputation,
of which the recollection is scarcely yet
effaced in this country. For Duncan Forbes
no descendant will ever have cause to blush
or feel ashamed ; and the perusal of the
Culloden Papers will prove that Scotland,
even since she ceased to be a separate king-
dom, has had at least one statesman whose
principles were as pure as his understanding
was enlightened, and whose concern for his
country was not so much as suspected to be
quickened by any regard to his own power
or emolument."

" Stern Honour comes— a pilgrim grey —
To bless the turf that wraps his clay."

The ingratitude of George II. to Forbes,
to whose gigantic exertions among the dis-
affected clans of the north that monarch pro-
bably owed the preservation of his crown, has
often been commented on by our historians
as the disgrace and wonder of the age.

Culloden House, built in the English palace
style of last century, is a large handsome and
commodious mansion, surrounded by noble
parks and tall ancestral trees. Among
the paintings in the principal drawing room
are "The' Flight into Egypt," by Titian,
" David playing on the Harp before Saul,"
'•The Prodigal Son," "Philip baptizing
the Ethiopian," " Saul of Tarsus on his
way to Damascus," " The Burning of
Troy," &c. There are also in the collection
a Magdalen, much admired, and " The Cat
and the Salmon," by Cuyp, a produc-
tion of great beauty and richness. The
family portraits which adorn the walls of
the dining room, have a striking effect, and



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



109



possess great merit. The bold, resolute
countenance of " Grey Duncan," the founder
of the family, will not escape notice, nor the
portrait directly opposite him of his illus-
trious descendant, the Lord President, in his
official robes. The finest portraits in the
collection, however — and they are models of
grace and loveliness — are perhaps those of
some of the female members of the Culloden
family — " sweet flowers of the forest now a'
wede away." Doubtless this noble gallery
of a historic house will in due time be still
further enriched.

In extent and wild variety the views from
Culloden House and the adjacent heights
cannot easily be surpassed. Far to the
northward, Ben Wyvis rises like a giant
among the Ross-shire mountains. Towards
the west, beyond the gleaming waves of the
Beauly, are seen the blue peaks of Strath-
conan and Strathglass, and occasionally, in
the clear horizon, the dusky hills of "far
Kintail." Directly westward, after lingering
for a time on the ancient capital of those
Highlands, quietly nestling under the shadow
of its hills, the eye explores the stupendous
solitudes of Glen Albynmore, happily echoing
in the ear of the stranger who approaches
them, not, as of old, the wild war-cry of
gathering clans, but the peaceful pursuits of
honest industry.



CALGARTH PARK, Westmoreland, the seat
of Richard Luther Watson, Esq.-, lies on the
road from Bowness to Ambleside, near the
celebrated Windermere. In 1447, Henry
VI. granted the office of keeper of the park
of Calgarth to Walter Strykland.

The family of Philipson, originally of
Holling Hall, settled here about 1540. The
direct line of the Philipsons ended in co-
heiresses, who at the beginning of the eight-
eenth century, sold the estate. Afterwards
it was possessed by Thomas Penny, Esq., of
Penny Bridge, and, after his death, by the
family of Sandys, and was eventually pur-
chased by Dr. Richard Watson, the cele-
brated Bishop of Llandaff. This prelate
added greatly to the natural beauties of the
estate by adorning it with a new and elegant
mansion, by a judicious management of
woods and plantations, and by improved
modes of agriculture. The bishop died here
in 1816, when the estate was inherited by
his grandson, the present proprietor.

( Jalgarth Old Hall, the mansion house of
the Philipsons, stands a few yards from the
margin of Windermere. A considerable part
of it is in rums, and its half demolished walls
are overhung with ivy. Its style is such as
prevailed in these parts in the sixteenth
century, and bears a resemblance to
Levins and Sizergh. Some of the rooms



have remains of their former elegance in
stucco ceilings, curious carvings, and the
armorial bearings of the Philipsons and other
families. Among the ghosts which haunted
these melancholy walls, was one who had
the custody of two sculls, which, according
to popular belief, could be neither so broken
in pieces, or carried to any place, but
their guardian would be able to reunite them,
or reconvey them to their dormitory on one
of the window-sills. They were long objects
of curiosity to numerous visitors ; but the
spell has at length been broken, and their
airy guardian has consigned them to the
care of persons who have conveyed them
hence.



HULTON PARK, Lancashire, is situate in
the parish of Dean, near Bolton. The park
is laid out in plantations and pleasure-
grounds, on an extensive scale.

The ancient Hall stood upon" the site of
the present mansion, which is of modern
construction, with a semicircular wing and
portico, and contains a fine collection of
paintings. The ancient chapel, once attached
to the Hall, no longer exists.

From the time of the Conquest this estate
has been in possession of the eminent family



Online LibraryBernard BurkeA visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) → online text (page 24 of 73)