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A visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) online

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heightened effect to the principal front.
Handsome double flights of stairs, with
balustrades, conducting to the entrance of
either side of the edifice, impart to it a cer-
tain character of magnificence. Towards
the north, it possesses a wide prospect over
the beautiful valley of the Trent, and is itself
an object of stately aspect from the vicinity,
being closely united with noble woods, that
lend an air of antique dignity to the more
modern mansion. The south front, the cen-
tre of which is also ornamented with Ionic
pillars, looks on some hanging hills, crested
with fine plantations. It has a light and
handsome appearance, and affords a striking
promise of the elegance and commodiousness
of the interior.

The hall is a very spacious and splendid
apartment, occupying the whole width of the
interior, and having large windows at either
end. The roof is supported by lofty Ionic
pillars, and the walls are adorned with
niches enriched with Corinthian pilasters,
while they boast of a wide display of histo-
rical and family portraits, by eminent artists.
The chimney-piece is elaborately ornamented
with bas-reliefs, and the various doors are
of mahogany, with carved mouldings, finished
in a style of superior elegance. This noble
apartment is fitted up for billiards, and must
present an agreeable lounge at all seasons.
We much regret that no catalogue of the
pictures is preserved, for we fear that the
identification of the far greater portion of
the collection is beyond the reach of future
inquiry. A fine half-length portrait of
King Charles II. is the only one that can be



excepted from the necessity of such a means
of reference. The number of portraits pre-
served in this room is thirty, ten of which
consist of half-lengths, and the remainder
of the size known as three-quarters. Many
of them are finely painted, and evidently the
work of foreign artists, while a few bear
nnmistakeable evidence of the pencils of
Janssens, Hilliard, Lely, Kneller, Jervas,
and others. One male portrait, on panel,
inscribed with the motto, " Svmmv nee
metvo nee opto," interested us much, from
the engaging and somewhat peculiar features
of the original (the date of costume being
probably of the reign of Elizabeth or James
I.), and from its claims as a work of art.
The introduction of a ring, apparently set
with sapphire, on the second joint of the
little finger of the left hand, may be noticed
as a singular incident in the details of dress.
The hall is fifty-two feet by twenty-six. It
opens on one side into the principal apart-
ments, consisting of a dining-room, thirty
feet by twenty-one, a drawing-room, twenty-
eight by twenty-one, and another thirty-four
by twenty-one. On this side of the hall is
likewise the great staircase. The latter
exhibits a series, eight in number, of splen-
did line engravings, by Joannes Volpato,
dedicated by that artist to Sixtus VI., and
also several Italian prints and coloured
drawings, of considerable rarity and interest.
In the drawing-room is a very curious pic-
ture of large size, representing the various
members of a family, encircled with a gold
chain, as an emblem of domestic union, The
father and mother are seated on a couch,
beneath a canopy of state; the two elder
daughters stand at the back of the couch,
and two sons at either end of it, while in
front are two younger daughters, each em-
bracing a dove. The lady's risrht hand is
on the shoulder of one of her sons, and her
left in that of her husband. The gold chain
is held by the children, and entirely sur-
rounds the group. The costume is that of
Elizabeth or James, but we lean to the belief
that the picture is from the easel of some
French artist, and probably represents some
family of that country. On one of the lady's
hands is a thumb-ring. The whole is
elegantly though quaintly designed, and has
a very pleasing effect. In this room is also
a singular-looking conversation piece, with
numerous figures, also probably of the same
school, the subject being beyond our means
of elucidation. A picture representing dead
game is very admirably painted. There is
a very curious picture discovering a church
and village in flames, with a great diversity
of martial and other figures confusedly scat-
tered over the foreground, presenting a
scene of war-like disturbance highly pic-
turesque. A marine subject, a landscape



198



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



with figures, an interior with ditto, all
Flemish, possess great originality and power
in the execution, as well as design. There
is a very stately-looking cabinet, constructed
in an architectural form, and exhibiting
numerous inlaid pictures highly finished.
The chimney-piece is of white marble, with
a device in the centre, beautifully executed
in the same material, representing a bird
alighting on a group of flowers. The frieze
and jambs are inlaid with variegated marble,
and the whole presents a most elegant effect.
Over the chimney-piece is a magnificent full-
length portrait of a figure in scarlet robes,
with collar of SB., holding in one hand a
scroll, the other resting on an illuminated
book. The north drawing-room, which is a
most elegant apartment, splendidly fitted up,
contains various landscapes and interiors of
the Dutch and Italian schools, and other
pictures, of eminent merit, and hi a very
high state of preservation. We decline the
attempt to assign names to the artists of
whose skill they present specimens, and con-
sider it sufficient to announce that the far
greater portion of the collection evidences a
refined taste, and ample resources on the
part of the original purchaser. In the south
drawing-room, also displaying an elaborate
air of fashionable splendour, a superb
view of the Cathedral of Amiens is the most
distinguished object of art. A large flower
piece, evidently by Baptiste, will next engage
the attention of a visitor, who, like our-
selves, will afterwards lingeringly divide his
admiration between various smaller pictures
of engaging interest. Amongst these latter,
a snow scene, a moonlight, a river scene, two
wooded scenes a landscape, and others, will
long delight and detain him.

On the other side, the hall opens into the
common parlour, and that into the library.
In the latter are two portraits of the late Sir
Robert Burdett, who built the mansion, the
one representing him as a young man, the
other at a later period. Both are elaborately
and splendidly painted. There is also a
pleasing picture of his sister, bearing the
signature of Fr. Cotes. These are all half-
lengths ; and there is another picture of the
same size, a male portrait, of very superior
merits, and of the same date. Over the
chimney-piece is a full-length portrait, in a
Spanish dress, with a falling collar, which
arrests the attention by the awful, savage,
and almost fiend-like expression of the
countenance

In Lady Burdett's boudoir is an interesting
portrait of Miss Thacker, who devised the
priory manor of Repton to Sir Robert Bur-
dett, and who died in 1728. She is repre-
sented as playing on a harpsichord, while a
redbreast is tamely perched beside her, and
pouring forth a volume of real melody. A



female portrait, with a hand on a skull, and r
another with a reel, a comb, a pair of scissors
&c, engaged in combing the threads of her
own hair, are alluded to by Miss Costello, in
her delightful taie of "Johanne with the
Long Hair; a Legend of Foremark," in
Knight's "Illuminated Magazine," for De-
cember, 1843.

The library communicates with another
apartment, formerly used as a bed-chamber,
and which opens into what was a dressing-
room, united on the other side to the hall
by an ante-room, adjoining to which is
another staircase. The family apartment is
therefore distinct on one side the hall, and
perfectly well contrived for convenience, and
the principal suite of rooms on the other.
The height of all the floors is sixteen feet.
Above are eight bed-chambers, twenty-eight
feet square, with other apartments of corre-
sponding structure.

Foremark Hall is now occupied by Henry
Allsopp, Esq.

BOWHILL, in the county of Selkirk, the
seat of the Duke of Buccleuch. This, to-
gether with Hangingshaw, the neighbouring
seat of Mr. Johnstone of Alva, formerly
belonged to the great and powerful family of
Murray, of Philiphaugh, who were, for ages,
the hereditary Sheriffs of Selkirkshire, and
were of primary importance in this part of
Scotland. Any one who is familiar with
Scottish minstrelsy must know the story of
the " outlaw Murray ;" the head of this
house, in the reign of King James IV.
Newark was their stronghold, and all the
adjacent estates formed portions of their
barony. Proceeding from the lofty avenues
of Hangingshaw, along the course of the
Yarrow, the ruined Castle of Newark pre-
sents itself; and a little further on, the
grounds of Bowhill are entered, which is
now a seat of the Duke of Buccleuch. The
scenery here is very picturesque. There are,
it is true, no magnificent trees, such as those
which excite our admiration at the Hanging-
shaw. But the lofty green hills partially
wooded, through the midst of which flows
the silver Yarrow have a most pleasing effect.
The landscape is altogether one of those
peculiar to Scotland, where heathery moun-
tains, green hills, rich copses, and rapid
streams, are all blended harmoniously to-
gether. In advancing through the Park of
Bowhill, the spacious and picturesque mansion
of Philiphaugh is visible on the opposite side
of the Yarrow, surrounded with extensive
and flourishing plantations. It is pleasing
to see an ancient family resuming its place in
the country, after nearly a century of de-
pression. It is about ninety years ago, since
Murray, of Philiphaugh, sold Hangingshaw
to Mr. Johnstone, and Bowhill and the



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



199



Castle of Newark to the Duke of Buccleuch.
He retained the ancient property which had
given its title to the family, Philiphaugh, the
scene of the fatal battle, where the star of
Montrose for the first time waned. But this
original estate was of limited extent, when
compared with the ancient family possessions ;
and there was no mansion house. The pre-
sent Mr. Murray, with restored fortunes, has
built a very handsome house in the early
English style, on the picturesque estate of his
forefathers. It is furnished with elegance,
and surrounded by well-laid-out grounds, and
is, in all respects, worthy of the ancient family
estate. Bowhill was formerly a shooting
lodge of the late Duke of Buccleuch, and it
has been converted into a principal residence
by the present duke. It is beautifully situ-
ated, being surrounded by high hills and
thriving woods. The shrubberies are ex-
tensive, and the avenues of beech, though the
trees are of dwarf size, are beautifully kept.
The house is large, handsome, and spacious.
It is built of dark grey stone, with no pre-
tensions to architectural beauty, but with
every appearance of substantial comfort.
There are some very handsome terraces to
the back, or principal, front of the House,
from whence the view of the surrounding
hilly and wooded district is very fine, and
includes two beautiful small natural lakes,
which are very conducive to the picturesque
effect of the scenery of Bowhill.

NASH MANOR HOUSE, the very ancient
seat of the elder branch of the Came family,
is an Elizabethan structure, well surrounded
by trees, three miles S.W. of the town of
Cowbridge, in the county of Glamorgan.
The present mansion was built before A.D.
1500, and was the second house inhabited by
the Carnes at that place, the site of the first
house having been more to the east than the
present building, and contiguous to the cha-
pel, which is still standing. In the more
ancient deeds of the estate the place is called
Osmond's Ash, sometimes Little Nass (from
the Latin word Nasus, a nose) and is called
in the Welsh language " Y Ras" which sig-
nifies a promontory of land. Nash is a pa •
rish of itself, and is therefore extra parochial,
the adjoining village of Lesworney forming
a portion of the property, together with se-
veral other manors contiguous to the same.
The House is a large roomy structure, and
possesses a fine dining- hall handsomely
panelled in oak, the ceiling being divided
into six compartments, and the chimney
piece of porphyry, of huge proportions, with
an ancient grate to match, with the letters
I. C. E. (for John and Elinor Carne), cast in
the iron back thereof, which has often
drawn forth the jocose remark that it is singu-



lar Ice should have so long withstood the
effects of fire. The gardens, which are ex-
tensive, are prettily laid out, and form one
of the leading features of the place.

The present possessor of this ancient de-
mesne is Robert Charles Nicholl Carne, Esq.,
a Deputy-Lieutenant and active magistrate
for the county of Glamorgan, Constable of
the Castle of St. Quintin, and Mayor of
Cowbridge. Mr. Carne is a barrister of the
Middle Temple, and for some years was a
leading member of the South Wales Circuit.
He was the eldest son of the late Rev. Ro-
bert Carne, M.A., and is brother of Dr.
Carne, of Dimlands in the same county (see
Burke's Landed Gentry for Carne of Nash
and Dimlands). Seldom does it happen that
property descends in so unbroken a line as
that of the Carne family, the present owner
beiDg the twenty-fourth lineal descendant of
Sir Devereux Carne, son of Thomas, who
was the second son of Ynir, King of Gwent,
who took the name of Carne, from Pencarne,
the place of his birth. And it is no less re-
markable that some of the property first
possessed by this family (though very large
estates have passed from them) is stdl held
by them, and many ancient documents
among their archives testify that they were
located in their present position as early as
the twelfth century, where they have conse-
quently remained for upwards of 700 years.
On a portion of the Nash estate once stood
the now forgotten church and village of
Pinkland, and adjacent thereto (still visible)
was the bishop's palace, called " The Moat,"
the word Lesworney (in Welsh, Llys y fron
neath) signifying the Court of the Diocese
of Gro Neath ; the Deanery of Groneath,
being still one of the ecclesiastical
divisions of the county. Connected with
this place and family there are several
curious sayings and traditions, not suited
perhaps for so limited a work as this ; but
there is one circumstance of so singular a
character that it cannot be omitted. In
the 15th century lived the celebrated
Welch prophet, then the Abbot of Margam
Abbey, better known to readers of W'elch
literature as Tom a]) Evan ap Rhys. His
prophesies (some of them relating to seem-
ingly the most trivial circumstances) have
most wonderfully been verified, many of
them during the present century, more parti ■
cularly one relating to the Catholic Emanci-
pation. Many of his forebodings are still to
be waited for, and amongst the rest is the
one about to be referred to. The prophet
foretels a battle and great slaughter which is
to take place on a spot called " The Golden
Mile," and describes all the chief actors in
the strife by their armorial bearings and not
by name. Amongst the rest he describes one



200



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN.



who shall put an end to the battle, but in so
doing shall lose his oavii life, and he says this
man's blood shall run into the Lesworney
well (commonly called and known by the
name of Fonnon, Llys y FroneathJ. Now
the warrior is thus described, and in this
description rests the singularity of the pro-
phecy. — " When he who bears on his plume
the raven, with beak and claws red with
gore, shall come and build his tower on the
rock, these things shall come to pass, nor
shall the battle cease, till onward through
the fray with ardent haste he presses sore,
and soon shall turn the fight, but thus in
saving others, he himself shall fall, nor shall
the battle cease until his sacred gore shall
mingle with the stream of Llys y Froneath's
Well." To the general reader all this may
appear like the lucubrations of a mad-
man ; if it were so, he had a singular method
in his madness, for how could the writer, 300
years ago, know what is the key to the
above, namely, that the Raven with red beak
and legs (the bearings of the Nicholl family)
should ever build his Tower (which, with the
Raven, is the Nicholl crest) on the Bock (ar
y Carne) Carne being the Welch for rock ?
Now all this has actually taken place, the
father of the present owner of the Nash es-
tates has built his Tower on the Rock, viz.
he, the bearer heraldically of the red-legged
crow on a tower, has married the heiress of
Carne, taken the name, and amalgamated the
two families. Surely, to say no more of it,
this is very singular, and not less so that the
battle field is adjoining the property ; whilst
the well so curiously described by a man
living at a distance, is actually situated close
to the spot indicated as the field of battle,
and on the Carne property.*

Of this family there are many whose
names are well known in history; of these we
may particularise Sir Edward Carne of Nash,
Receiver General of South Wales, and one
of the four Tellers of the Exchequer, who
erected to the memory of his father and bro-
thers, who fell in the defence of their coun-
try, the stately monument in the Carne aisle
of Cowbridge Church. Also Edward, se-
cond son of Howell Carne, of Nash, Chief
Commissioner for the Suppression of Monas-
teries, and ambassador for Kins; Henry the
Eighth to Rome, and Member for the county
of Glamorgan from 1554 to 1557. Fuller,
in his Worthies, published in 1612, says, " Sir
Edward Carne is here placed with contidence,
because assured to be a Welchman, and I
find his family long flourishing at Nash and



* The above information was given to the late Rev.
Robert Carne by Taliesin (ab Iolo), the well-known
Welch bard, who delivered it orally to him, and it was at
the same time, and in his presence, committed to paper —
about twenty-five years ago.



Wenny in this county (Glamorgan). He
was bred at Oxford a Doctor of the Civil
Law, and was knighted by Charles the Fifth
Emperor. The first public service he
eminently appeared in was when King
Henry the Eighth, having intelligence of the
Pope's intention shortly to cite him to ap-
pear at Rome, either in person or proxies,
despatched him thither as his excusator, to
remonstrate that his Grace was not bound by
law to appear. This service he effectually
performed, pleading that the emperor was
so powerful at Rome, that he could not ex-
pect justice, and declaring, that unless they
desisted, he must appeal thence to the able
men in some indifferent universities, and if
this was refused he protested a nullity in all
that they did ; a behaviour which spake him
of no less valour than ability," &'c, &c, &c.
This Sir Edward Carne was also ambassador
under Queens Mary and Elizabeth, and
having been prevented by Paul IV. from
leaving Rome, died there in A.D. 1561, and
a handsome monument was erected to his
memory in one of the chapels of the Vatican,
which having fallen into bad repair, was re-
novated and restored in 1846, by the Rev. J. M.
Traherne, F.R.S., who, being a connection of
the family, put himself to no small trouble
and expence in the matter, considerable dif-
ficulty being thrown by the Papal Govern-
ment in the way of effecting his truly laud-
able object.

The Carne family suffered severely during
the struggles between the King and Crom-
well,and the family motto of u En touteloyale,"
seems to have cost them dear; as during this
period the estates of Landough, Colwinstone,
Lecqueath, &c, &c, passed from them.
During the first year of the commonwealth,
we find, Carne of Nash, and his cousin, Strad-
ling of St. Donatfs Castle, raising and support-
ing a force of four thousand men, and in the
battle of St. Fagans, more than one of the
name bled for his king. The account of how
the Ewenny estates ceased to belong to this
family will be found under the head of
" Ewenny Abbey," in the first volume of
this work, by which it will be seen, that the
blood of the Carries is still extant in their
lineal descendant, the present Colonel Tur-
bervill of that place. The ( 'nines were con-
nected, by marriage, with all the chief
families of the county of Glamorgan, and
their arms are to be seen amongst the quar-
terings of the Wyndhams, the Talbots, the
Mansels, the Trahernes, the Turbervills, the
Stradlings, and the Bassets, and several others
now extinct.

WESTERHALL in the county of Dumfries,
the seat of Sir Frederick Johnstone, Bart.
AVesterhall has been for many centuries



SEATS OF GREAT B1UTA1N.



201



the seat of a very distinguished branch of
the house of Johnstone, which, since the
death of the last Marquess of Annandale, has
been the head of that eminent family ._ The
Johnstones rank among the most ancient of
the Scottish nobles, and though like the
Scotts and Kerrs, they do not make a great
historical or political figure in the early
annals of Scotland, they have long been con-
siderable and powerful, and, at length, ob-
tained a high grade in the peerage. The
Dukes of Buccleuch and Roxburgh and the
Marquess of Annandale, do not indeed
belong to the same grand class of magnates
with the Comyns, the Dunbars, the Lindsays,
the Douglases, or, in later times, the Hamil-
tons ; but they have for many ages pos-
sessed an immense power as border chiefs ;
and to that has been added, within the few
last centuries, the illustration of lofty titles.
The Johnstones of Westerhall branched off
from the house of Johnstone four centuries
ago. And yet, notwithstanding this distant
collateral connection with the head of the
house, Sir James Johnstone, the present
baronet's great grand-uncle, became chief of
the family on the death of the late Marquess ;
and he, moreover,became heir to the marques-
sate, which was a title of which the patent
embraced very remote heirs male. It seems
strange that the subsequent generations of
the house of Annandale should not have sent
forth a nearer cadet, yet such is the fact ;
and if Sir James Johnstone, or his brother
Sir William Johnstone Pulteney, had pressed
their claim, there is little doubt but that now
the coronet of marquess would have graced
the brow of Sir Frederick Johnstone. There
are two other claimants for the inferior title,
the earldom, viz. : Mr. Hope Johnstone, the
heir of line ; and the Earl of Hopetoun, the
heir male of the heiress. Yet, it is pretty
certain that, for that title also Sir Frederick's
claim is preferable to theirs. The sister of
the last Marquess of Annandale was wife of
the first Earl of Hopetoun ; and through her
the great Johnstone estates have descended
to the present proprietor. The branch of
Westerhall was long seated in Lanarkshire,
at Westerhall or Westeraw, but several cen-
turies ago they exchanged that estate for
lands in Dumfriesshire, to which they gave
the name of their ancient possessions, and
which have ever since been the chief seat
and designation of the family.

The female descents of their family were
distinguished. Among them we may enu-
merate Oliphant, Lord Oliphant ; Somerville
of Camnethan ; Scott of Harden, now Lord
Polwarth ; Bannatyne of Corehouse ; John-
ston of Wariston. Sir William, the second
baronet, had two sons, Sir James, his heir,
and Colonel John Johnstone, who acquired
the estate of Hackness Hall, in Yorkshire,

VOL. II.



and married a great heiress, Charlotte Van-
den Bempde, Dowager Marchioness of An-
nandale, widow of the lather of the last
Marquess. His son by her, Sir Richarl
Johnstone, Bart., inherited the very great
personal property of his half brother, the
last Marquess of Annandale, and his son, Sir
John, is the present Baronet of Hackness,
and M.P.

Sir James Johnstone, third baronet of
Westerhall, married Barbara Murray, daugh-
ter of the fourth Lord Elibank, by whom
he had numerous issue. Many of the
sons and daughters of this generation were
distinguished. Of the sons, Sir James
was fourth baronet, and Sir William, the
fifth baronet, assumed the name of Pulteney,
in consequence of his marriage with the
daughter of Daniel Pulteney, cousin and
heir of the Earl of Bath. Sir William John-
stone Pulteney's only child, Laura, was
created Countess of Bath. As she had no issue
by her husband, Sir James Murray, Bart.,
her immense estates descended to her mater-
nal relatives, the Earl of Darlington, afterwards



Online LibraryBernard BurkeA visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) → online text (page 44 of 73)