Bernard Burke.

A visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) online

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vallum still continues perfect. So many
alterations have been made from time to
time in the House, that little remains of its
ancient character, beyond the gables, and the
multitude of tall chimneys wherewith it is
crowned, and the stone transomed windows
in the quadrangle. Its present west front
has been formed by filling up the hall court
on that side. The offices are about the
quadrangle. A venerable avenue of silver firs
of enormous size, perhaps the largest in Eng-
land, adds much to the beauty of the Grange.



The principal ornament of the mansion is
the old Oak Drawing-room, which is thirty-
two feet long, and, in other respects, of pro-
portionable dimensions. The style of its
decoration, if not absolutely unique, is still
one of the finest specimens of the kind, if,
indeed, there is another to be found through •
out the kingdom. The western end is the
most elaborate in its ornaments. The en-
trance is in the centre of it, between two rich
canopied recesses, that are flanked by fluted
Corinthian columns, supporting an entablature
crowned with pinnacles, obelisks, statues,
and winged horses, the latter of which appear
to have been an armorial ensign. The bases
of the columns rest upon a plinth, perforated
by niches, whereon stand horses rampant,
bearing shields. The centre of each recess
is occupied by a small door, on the panels
of which are carved the signs of the zodiac ;
six upon each portal. The story of Romulus
and Remus, with the city of Rome in the
background, is represented in the arch over
the door. In the recess upon the left is the
contest of Ajax and Ulysses for the arms of
Achilles, the disappointed Ajax throwing
himself upon his own sword, in the recess
on the right hand.

The eight panels of the entrance door re ■
present stories from Ovid's Metamorphoses ;
these carvings are in fine preservation.

Upon the projecting cornice over the door
stand four heroic figures, holding spears and

The walls are panelled with oak. Pilasters
support a narrow frieze, representing subjects
from the heathen mythology. Above the
cornice is an arcade, supported by small
Ionic columns running entirely round the
room, and having under each arch a shield.

The face of each pilaster is finely carved
with armorial bearings of different families
with whom the Drewes have intermarried,
with foliage, fruit, flowers, animals, and gro ■
tesque figures. Upon one is an imperial
crown, over a fleur-de-lys, with the letters
J. R. — James Rex.

The panels of the window recesses are
decorated with a series of figures in alto-
relievo, representing heathen deities, and
various other fabulous beings. Over the
fire-place are the royal arms and supporters
of James the First, which are placed under a
canopy, resting upon two female caryatides,
in the costume of the period, but appearing
from their emblems to be intended for
Ceres and Flora.

A frieze also surrounds the room, at the
base of the pilasters, illustrative of the my-
thology of the ancients.

The ceiling is very richly ornamented, in
corresponding taste with the parts already
described, and lias three carved pendants for

There is a small apartment opening into
this noble room, which is precisely of the
same character.

ASTON, near Oswestry, Shropshire, the
seat of Edward Harvey Lloyd, Esq., son and
heir of William Lloyd. Esq, a magistrate
and deputy lieutenant for the county, and
also sheriff in 1810, by Louisa, his wife,
eldest dau. and coheir of the late Admiral
Sir Ehab Harvey, G.C.B. of Rolls Park,
Essex. The Lloyds of Aston are descended
from the royal house of Powys. through the
immediate progenitor, Einion Efell, Lord of
Cynllaeth, son of Madoc, last prince of
Powys. The family has been seated here
from a very early period.

The present mansion was built in, or near,
1790 by the Rev. John Robert Lloyd. It
is in the Grecian style of architecture, and
stands in the midst of finely timbered
grounds, with many picturesque views, in
the neighbourhood.

EASTEK HILL, in the county of Lanark,
the seat of Robert Findlay, Esq., a deputy
lieutenant for that county.

This mansion stands upon the north bank
of the Clyde, about four miles higher up that
river than the city of Glasgow. It is a
moderate sized building, of comparatively
modern date, surrounded by a park of about
forty acres, and has been the residence of the
family for the last seventy years. No par-
ticular traditions appear to be connected with
this locality.

The grounds are well-timbered, and many
of the trees are remarkably fine ; being
upwards of a century old.

Mr. Findlay also possesses

BOTURICH CASTLE, in the county of Dum-
barton, a modern building erected upon part
of the ruin of the ancient castle that bore the
same name. It occupies a picturesque emi-
nence about half a mile from the western
bank of Lochlomond, and nearly two miles
above the confluence of that water with the
River Leven.

The castle, which is surrounded by aged
coppice w r oods and recent plantations of con-
siderable extent, was the fortalice of the
barony of Haldane, and, by tradition, was
one of the strongholds of the ancient Earls of
Lennox. The last of these earls fell a victim,
with his sons, and his son-in-law the Duke of
Albany, to the retributive justice of King
James the First of Scotland, for their sup-
posed collusion against him, when for twenty
years he was detained a prisoner in England.

This estate devolved to the present owner
by the lamented death of his eldest son, a
short time since. The latter had acquired it
upon the decease of his grandfather, the late

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Mr. Buchanan of Ardoch, by whom this
ancient edifice was repaired about twenty-
five years ago, from the designs of Mr.

It appears, from the records of the family
of Buchanan of Drumhead, which terminated
in the direct line, upon the death of Mr.
Findlay's grandfather, that their ancestor,
William Buchanan of Boturich, married in
1530, the heiress of Drumhead, who was of
the family of Macaulay of Ardincaple ; it also
seems, from the same authority, that at a
subsequent period, the Drumhead family
exchanged Boturich Castle with Haldane of
Grleneagles for the estate of Blairhoish.

seat of Leonard Thompson, Esq.

Sheriff Hutton Castle, the splendid edifice
that preceded the present Hall, was built
by Bertram Buhner and Ralph Nevil : in it
Elizabeth of York and Edward Plantagenet,
Earl of Warwick, " lingered in captivity, till
Bosworth's fatal field exalted one to a throne
and the other to a block."*

The founder of the castle; a.d. 1140, was
Bertram de Buhner, who long held the office
of Sheriff of Yorkshire, and thence gave the
prefix name to the place. From the Bul-
mers, Sheriff Hutton passed by marriage to
the illustrious Nevils, and was the residence
of the king-maker, Richard, Earl of War-
wick. At a period not long after, the gal-
lant Earl of Surrey, the hero of Flodden,
had a grant of the castle of Sheriff Hutton
for life ; and, on his death in 1524, it became
the residence of Henry Fitzroy, Dnke of
Richmond, illegitimate son of Henry VIII.
by the beautiful Lady Tailboys.

In the reign of James I., the park, for-
merly connected with the castle, was granted
to Sir Arthur Ingram, Kt., and this Sir Ar-
thur bnilt the Hall possessed by the family
of the Ingrams. It is said that King James,
during one of his progresses, was entertained
here by Sir Arthur, and passed the night in
the mansion, then newly erected by the hos-
pitable knight. In the reign of Charles II.,
the Ingram of that day sold the property to
the Thompsons, a branch of the ancient
stock of Thompson of Kilham,in which family
it still remains.

The House is of brick, and originally had
projecting wings, which were pulled down
soon after it had been purchased by Mr.
Thompson, and the windows with their stone
mullions were altered into Dutch sashes. A
new wing with a bay window was added in
1841 by the late George Lowther Thompson,

The gardens retain much of their original

* Git.l's Vallis Ehoracensis, a very able and inte-
resting History of Easingwold and its neighbourhood.


character. The park — a portion of the
Forest of Galtres — is full of picturesque trees,
'' decayed and decaying oaks, most of them

DENCOMBE, in the parish of Slaugham, Sus-
sex, the seat of John Manship Norman, Esq.,
M.A., a magistrate and deputy lieutenant for
the county in which he resides, and also for
many years Chairman of the Cuckfield Union.

Dencombe was originally a manor-farm,
and formed part of the large estate of Sir
J ill .n Covert of Slaugham Old Park. It is
situated on the south-east edge of the parish
of the same name, the principal part of which
is in the district called the Rape of Lewes.

Dencombe was built by the present pro-
prietor, the foundation having been laid on
the 18th of June, 1844, and the house oc-
cupied in the Christmas of 1846. It is an
Elizabethan structure of blueish grey magne-
sian limestone, and stands upon a sheltered
elevation, close below a group of fine old
trees, called the High Beeches. This
height declines to the south, and commands
a beautiful prospect between two hills, over-
looking the secondary ridge which separates
it from the South Downs. Few more pic-
turesque situations can be found in the whole

BECCA HALL, Tadcaster, co. York, the seat
of Wm. Thomas Markham, Esq., was formerly
spelt " Beckhaigh" from the high ground on
which it stands, overlooking the " Beck"
or little river Cock. Below is a commo-
dious stone mansion, though of no architec-
tural pretensions, built or rather enlarged by
William Markham, Esq., grandfather of the
present possessor, and eldest son of William
Markham, Archbishop of York, in the latter
part of the last century. The House situa-
ted on a gentle rise, deeply embosomed in
woods, contains a valuable library, formed
by the Archbishop, and also afine collection of
paintings by the old masters. Much interest
is added to the immediate grounds and neigh-
bourhood, and furnishes a field of inquiry to
the antiquary, from a strongly marked line of
fortification that extends for some miles
along the banks below, and appears to have
been a very strong defence to this part _ of
the country, in by-gone times. Nothing
certain is known about these ancient works ;
though they are called to this day by the
country people, " camps of war."

HYNDBURN, co. Lancaster, the seat of F.
Steiner, Esq., is pleasantly situated in
the neighbourhood of Accrington. The
scenery of this part of the county is very



COTJRTYRALA, in Glamorganshire, the beau-
tiful seat of George Grey Rous, Esq., Cap-
tain in the Guards, situated on the Ala, was
erected about sixty years ago by Robert
Rous, Esq., who served as High Sheriff of
Glamorganshire ; but though it cannot lay
claim to honours of antiquity, it must al-
ways interest from its lovely situation and
locality. Some fancy too has been dis-
played in the building itself, which is
remarkably handsome ; and is completely
surrounded by a veranda, which gives it a
rural and highly picturesque appearance.

Few families in the empire can trace by
undeniable evidence, a lineage of higher
antiquity than that of Rous. From Radul-
phus le Rufus, a Norman knight in the train
of the Conqueror, to the present represen-
tative George Grey Rous. Esq., of Courty-
rala, the line of descent is clear and un-
broken. In the wars of the Plautagenets
the Rous's took a leading part ; under the
Tudors and Stuarts, they sat in the House
of Commons for the County and Boroughs
of Cornwall, and during the rule of Oliver
Cromwell, Francis Rous w r as Speaker of
the Short Parliament, and afterwards one of
Cromwell's Lords. In later times the imme-
diate ancestors of the present Captain Rous
were seated at Pierceheld in Monmouthshire,
and Moor Park, Herts.

WIGGINTON LODGE, Tamworth, the seat
of Sir Charles Clarke, Bart., M.D., was built
by Dr. John Clarke, in 1810. The situation
is very pleasing, and the view from the man-
sion embraces the castle and church of Tam-
worth, Hopwas Wood, &c.

ARDEN, the residence of Benjamin Har-
greaves, Esq., situate near the village of Ac-
crington, parish of Whalley, Lancashire, was
built in the year 1845. The architecture is in
the Tudor style; the scenery around pictu-
resque and undulated; and the place appropri-
ately named from the two Saxon words a/rd&nd
den, signifying hill and wood. This name
has been peculiar to the counties of Lan-
caster and Warwick since the time the
Romans possessed that part of England.

The village or town of Accrington, near
which Arden is situate, was formerly called
Alkrington. It was here that William the
Conqueror placed an army to guard the pass
betwixt Lancashire and Yorkshire. It was
also a grange to Kirkstall Abbey, but having
been burnt down, traces only are found
in the names bequeathed to some localities,
such as Grange, Black Abbey, Abbey
Street, and Priest Keys. The high hill of
Hambledown, which is only a few feet lower
than its neighbour Pendle Hill, rises gra-
dually from the east side of the village, form-
ing a striking background to the south-east

of Arden, and commands a most varied and
extensive prospect. It was formerly covered
with a large forest of oaks, amongst which it
was the custom to hunt the wild boar
Traces of this forest can now be discovered
in the peat which covers some parts of the
hill, the trunks and branches of trees being
found inside, but in a transformed state, the
wood being turned into soft peat, and show-
ing its annular rings most distinctly. The
country possesses many interesting curio-
sities, amongst which may be named the fine
specimen of Roman road, at the distance of
two miles, near the foot of Hapton Scouts,
a name evidently taken from military ma-
noeuvres, and probably connected with the
times of the Romans or the Conqueror.

HAMPTON COURT, Herefordshire, about
four miles from Leominster, and nine from
the city of Hereford, the seat of John Ark-
wright, Esq. In the reign of Henry IV.
this estate belonged to his favourite, Sir
Thomas Lenthall, who, says Leland, " being
a gallant fellow, either a daughter, or very
near kinswoman, of the king's, fell in love
with him, and in continuance was wedded
unto him, whereupon, after, he fell into esti-
mation, and had given to him one thousand
by the year, for the maintenance of him and
his wife, and their heirs, among which landes
he had Ludlow for one park. This Lenthall
was victorious at the battle of Agincourt, and
took many prisoners there, by which prey
he beganne the new buildings of Hampton
Court, and brought from an hill a springe of
water, and made a little pool within the top of
his house."

We next find this estate possessed by the
Comewalls, Barons of Burford, who sold it
to "the famous family of Coningsby." The
first of this name that was seated there was
Thomas, son of Sir Humphrey Coningsby,
Knight, one of the justices of the King's
Bench, in the reign of Henry VIII. At a
later period another Thomas Coningsby
was greatly instrumental in the revolution
achieved by King William, and was present
at the battle of the Boyne, being so close to
the monarch that when a bullet grazed the
shoulder of the latter he immediately applied
his handkerchief to the wound. Throughout
the whole campaign he attended William,
and for his services was eventually rewarded
both with wealth and honours. After having
continued for several descents in this family,
the estate at length devolved, in default of
heirs male, to Lady Frances Coningsby, who
married Sir Charles Hanbury William's, so
famous in his own day as a man of wit and
pleasure. The youngest of their daughters,
coheiresses, married the fourth Earl of Essex,
whose son, eventually becoming possessed
of the estate, disposed of it to Richard



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Arkwright, Esq , and from him it has come
to his son, the present owner.

The first stone of this magnificent man-
sion is recorded to have been laid by the
hand of King Henry IV., as a mark of royal
favour to the owner of the estate, Sir Rowland
Lenthall, Knight, and master of the wardrobe
to his majesty. There is, however, a tradition,
as we have already mentioned, that this noble
pile was completed from the spoils won by Sir
Rowland at the battle of Agincourt. in which
he played so prominent apart. The principal
entrance is in the centre of the immediate
northern front, through a massive square
tower deeply embattled and machicolated on
both its faces. At either end is a smaller tower,
with parapets, and, like that in the centre, of
great apparent strength. On the east end
is the chapel, united to the building, having
a roof of open timber work, with manv
carved ornaments peculiar to the pointed
style, and several grotesque figures. The
entire building consists of four sides, around
a large quadrangular court.

But if the House itself has so much in its
appearance to interest the spectator, the
grounds, both in extent and beauty, are well
worthy of such a building. The park and
pleasure-grounds were, at one time, not less
than eight miles in circumference; through
them meanders the Humber, a stream rising

in the hills about Lockley Heath, and join-
ing the River Lugg, below the mansion. In
one part of the park this rivulet pours down
a mass of rugged stones, and forms a very
picturesque cascade, although the fall is not
considerable. On the north-east a wooded
eminence screens the house from the winds,
while it adds not a little to the general beauty
of the landscape.

HOLYBOTJRN LODGE, Hants, the seat of
Robert Cole, Esq.. F L.S., an acting magis-.
trate and deputy lieutenant of the county, is
situated about a mile from the town of Al-
ton. The property acquired by Mr. Cole
in 1826, has been since increased by several
purchases, and the House greatly improved
and enlarged ; much good taste being dis-
played in its arrangement. There is a small
but well- selected library, as well as acollection
of paintings in the drawing-room.

A trout stream, a tributary of the River
Way, rises near the village church, and
passes through the grounds diversified by
cascades, and crossed by a small bridge at
one end of the lawn ; the whole producing
an extremely pleasing effect.

Mr. Cole of Holybourn is a descendant of
the very ancient family of Cole of Shrews-
bury, which can be traced back in that town,
to the time of King Stephen.

London : M. S. Myers, Printer, 22, Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.


The prefixed asterisks indicate those Seats which are illustrated by Views.

Abberton Hall, co. Worcester (William Laslett,

Esq.), 175
Abercromby, Sir Robt., Bart. (Forglen House),

Acklam Hall, co. York (Tlios Hustler, Esq.), 106
Acton Burnell, co. Salop (Sir Josh. Edwd.

Smythe, Bart.), 90
Acton Park, co. Denbigh (Lieut.-Gen. Sir R. H.

Cunliffe, Knight and Bart.), 213
Acton Reynald Hall, co. Salop (Sir Andrew

Vincent Corbet, Bart.), 174
Adderley, Chas Bowyer, Esq. (Hams Hall), 67
Agnew, Sir Andrew, Bart. (Lochnaw Castle), 165
Aiisa, Marquis of (Culzean Castle), 128
Albury Park, co. Surrey (Henry Drummond,

Esq.), 85
Alfoxton, co. Somerset (Langley St. Albyn, Esq.),

Alington, Geo. Marmaduke, Esq., (Swinhope

House), 40
Alscot Park, co. Gloucester (Jas. Roberts West,

Esq.), 20
Anderton, Wm. Ince, Esq. (Euxton Hall), 75
Anstruther, Jas. Hamilton Lloyd, Esq. (Hintles-

ham Hall), 120
Anstruther, Sir Wyndhain Carmichael, Bart.

(Elie House), 204
Apley Castle, co. Salop (St. John Chiverton

Charlton, Esq.), 135
Apley Park, co. Salop (Thos. Charlton Whitmore,

Esq.), 77
Appleton Hall, co. Chester (Thos Lyon, Esq.),

Arbury, co. Warwick (Chas. N. Newdegate, Esq.,

M.P.), 13
*Arden, co. Lancaster (B. Hargreaves, Esq.) 250
*Arden, James, Esq. (Blackden Hall), 154

Ardvorlich, co. Perth (Robert Stewart, Esq.), 116
Arkwright, Robert, Esq. (Sutton Scarsdale), 243
Arkwright, John, Esq. (Hampton Court), 250
Ashlmrton, Lord (The Grange), 67
Ashysteel, co. Selkirk (Lieut.-Gen. Sir James

Russell, K.C.B.), 163
Astley Castle, near Coventry (Viscount Lifford),

Aston, co. Salop (Edward Harvey Lloyd, Esq.),

Atkinson, Fras. B., Esq. (Bampsbeck Lodge), 124
Audley End, co. Essex (Lord Braybrooke), 86
Austen, Sir Henry Edmund (Chelsworth Park),

Avington House, co. Hants (John Shelley, Esq.),

Aylesford, Earl of (Packington), 111

Baglan Hall, co. Glamorgan (Griffith Llewellyn,

Esq.), 102
Balcarres House, co. Fife (Major-Gen. Lindsay),

Balfour, David, Esq. (Noltland Castle and Bal-
four), 135
Balfour, North Britain (David Balfour, Esq.),

Barlborough Hall, co. Derby (W. Hatfield de

Rodes, Esq.), 216
Barnard Castle, co. Durham (Duke of Cleveland),

Barrow Hall, co. Lincoln (Charles Uppleby, Esq.),

Bath, Marquess of (Longleat), 166
Bearcroft, Edward, Esq. (Meer Hall), 143
Beaufort, co. Sussex (Sir Charles Montolieu Lamb,

Bart,), 93



Becca Hall, co. York (W. T. Markham, Esq.),

Bedford, Duke of (Woburn Abbey), 190
Bedford, John Sargent, Esq. (Pendrea), 178
Bedworth Hospital, co. Warwick, 215
Beech, James, Esq. (Brandon Lodge), 244 — (The

Shawe), ib.
Beechland, co. Sussex (Wm, Henry Blaauw, Esq.,

M.A., F.R.S.), 38
*Bell, Robert, Esq. (Norris Castle), 89
Belvoir Castle, co. Leicester (Duke of Rutland),

Bennett, James, Esq. (Cadbury House), 152
Bentley, John, Esq. (Birch House), 45
Bettisfield Park, co. Flint (Sir John Hanmer,

Bart,), 67
Bewsey, co. Lancaster (Lord Lilford), 75
Biddulph, Sir Theophilus, Bart. (Birbury Hall),

*Bilton Grange, co. Warwick (John H. Washing-
ton Hibbert, Esq.), 157
Birch House, co. Lancaster (John Bentley, Esq.),

Birch, Wyrley, Esq. (Wretham Hall), 162
Birkenbog, co. Banff, 187
Blaauw, Wm. Henry, Esq., M A , F.R.S. (Beech-

land), 38
*Blackden Hall, co. Chester (James Arden, Esq.),

Blair Drummond, co. Perth (Henry Home Drum-

mond, Esq.), 76
Blair House, co Ayr (William Fordyce Blair,

Esq), 149
Blair, William Fordyce, Esq. (Blair House), 149
Blatherwycke Park, co. Northampton (Augustus

Stafford, Esq.), 43
Blenheim, co. Oxford (Duke of Marlborough), 113
Boconnoc, co. Cornwall (Hon. G. Matthew For-

tescue), 11
Bolitho, Thomas, Esq. (The Coombe), 179
Bolitho, Wm., Esq. (Ponsandane), 178
Borough, John Chas. Burton, Esq. (Chetwynd

Park), 53
Bosanquet, Geo. Jacob, Esq. (Broxbournbury),

Bosbury House, co. Hereford (Bev. Edwd. Hig-

gins, M.A.), 175
Boturich Castle, co. Dumbarton (Robert Findlay,

Esq.), 248
Bothwell Castle, co. Lanark (Lord Douglas), 114
Boultbee, Joseph Moore, Esq. (Springfield House),

Boulton Hall, co. York (Mrs. Mary Littledale),

Bowhill, co. Selkirk (Duke of Buccleuch), 198
Boyland, co. Norfolk (Fredk. Wm. Irby, Esq.),

Bradwall Hall, co. Chester (John Latham, Esq.),

Brahan Castle, co. Ross (Hon. Mrs. Stewart Mac-
kenzie), 43
Brailes House, co. .Warwick (Henry James Shel-
don, Esq.), 171
Brampton Hall, co. Suffolk (Rev. Thomas Orgill

Leman), 22
Bramshill, co. Hants (Rev. Sir W. H. Cope,

Bart.), 46
Brandon Lodge, co. Warwick (James Beech,

Esq.), 244

Brandsby Hall, co. York (Eras. Cholmeley, Esq.),

Braybrooke, Lord (Audley End), 8C
Brightwell Park, co. Oxford (Wm. F. Lowndes

Stone, Esq.), 196
Broad Meadows, co. Selkirk (Robert Keith

Pringle, Esq.), 170
Bronwvdd, co. Cardigan (Thos. Davies Lloyd,

Esq.), 70
Brooke Hall, co. Norfolk (Rev. J. Holmes), 185
Brooke, Sir Richard, Bart. (Norton Priory), 171
Brown, Hugh H., Esq. (Newhall), 53
Broxbournbury, co. Herts (Geo. Jacob Bosanquet,

Esq.), 215
Buccleuch, Duke of (Bowhill), 198
Buchanan, Alex. H., Esq. (Hales Hall), 179
Buckhurst Park, co. Sussex (Earl De La Wan-),

Buckland, co. Berks (Sir Robert George Throck-

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