Bernard Burke.

A visitation of the seats and arms of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain (Volume 2) online

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heath, and widow of Watkin Homfray,

Arms. Gu. fesse cliequy or. and az. between three
eagles, displayed of the second.

Crest. An eagle displayed as in the Arms.
Motto. Aquila petit solem.

Gray, of Carntyne, representative of the
families of Gray of Dalmarnock and
Hamilton of Newton. This branch of the
ancient family of Gray has been possessed
of considerable estates in the immediate
vicinity of Glasgow, and county of Lanark,
for upwards of three centuries. They
originally enjoyed the estate of Tolcross.
The Laird of Tolcross in the middle of the
16th century, had two sons John and James.
Disputes ending in litigation between the
brothers, caused the sale of the paternal

John Gray acquired the estate of Carn-
tyne, about the year 1580. The name of
his wife is unknown.

His son William Gray of Carntyne,
in. 1st, Margaret Craig, by whom he had a
son Archibald ; and 2nd, Marion Hill, daugh-
ter of Ninian Hill of Lambhill, a family of
great consideration near Glasgow, by his
wife, Marion Hutchison, sister and heiress of
the munificent founders of the charity, in
the city of Glasgow, which bears their name.

William Gray was succeeded by his eldest
son Archibald Gray of Carntyne, who m.
Elizabeth, daughter of Colquhoun of Ken-
mure, a cadet of the ancient house of Colqu-
houn of Luss. He had no issue, and was
succeeded in 1628, by his brother.

John Gray of Carntyne, and of Dal-
marnock, a distinguished Covenanter, the
friend and protector of the persecuted
ministers, many of whom he sheltered in his
house of Carntyne. He acquired the estate
of Dalmarnock, which for some generations
became the principal designation of the
family. He began in the year 1630, to work
coal at Carntyne, which has continued,
during two hundred and twenty years, to be
one of the principal collieries in the west
of Scotland. He in. Janet, daughter _ of
John Anderson of Dowhill, a family which
during the sixteenth and seventeenth cen-
turies held the first place in Glasgow, and
often gave provosts to that city. It was
one of this family who during his chief
magistracy, saved Glasgow Cathedral _ from
being destroyed by puritanical fanaticism.
John Gray, of Dalmarnock and Carntyne,
lived to a great age, and was succeeded by
his son,

John Gray of Dalmarnock and Carn-



tyne. He to. Anabella, daughter of Walter
Gibson, of Iiillhead, an ancient and wealthy
family near Glasgow. The brother of
Anabella was one of the principal and most
enterprising merchants in Scotland of his
day, and has been styled the father of
Glasgow commerce. He was Lord Provost
of that city. John Gray was succeeded by
his son,

John Gray of Dalmarnock and Carntyne,
a staunch Jacobite in 1715. He to. Eliza-
beth Hamilton, daughter of James Hamil-
ton, of Newton, a cadet of Hamil-
ton, Baronet of Silverton Hill, by a
daughter of Hamilton of Westburn, the re-
presentative of the family of Torrance. The
Hamiltons, Baronets of Silverton Hill, and
the Hamiltons of Newton, are descended
from Alexander Hamilton, son of Sir J.
Hamilton, Lord of Cadzow, by a daughter
of the Lord of Livingstone, and next brother
to James Hamilton, first Lord Hamilton,
who in. the Princess Mary of Scotland.
John Gray and Elizabeth Hamilton had
issue James, John, Gabriel of Eastfield,
father to the late John Gray of Eastfield ;
Andrew, who had issue two sons, who died
unm., and two daughters. Of the daugh-
ters one was m. to Henry Woddrop of
West Thorn, another to J. Spens of Stone-
law ; and was mother of General J. Spens
of Stonelaw. Another to. William Boss,
heir male of the Lord Ross ; and another
m. Thomas Buchanan, of Ardoch. John
Gray, was succeeded by his eldest son,

James Gray, of Dalmarnock and Carn-
tyne, who m. first his cousin Miss Gray of
Wellhouse, whose mother was a daughter
of Hamilton of Newton ; and second Jean
Corbett, daughter of Corbett of Tolcross,
by a daughter of Portertield of Duchal, and
niece to the Earl of Kilmarnock. Having
no issue, he was succeeded by his next

John Gray of Dalmarnock and Carntyne,
b. 1715 ; he to. Isabella Chapman, daughter of
John Chapman, Commissary of Glasgow,
by a daughter of Pollock of Balgray (an
immediate cadet of Pollock, Bart., of
Pollock) by a daughter of Boyd of Trochrig,
son of the Lord Boyd. Their issue, besides
sons and daughters who died unm., were
Robert, and Helen, wife of William Wod-
drop of Dalmarnock, by whom she had a
son, the late John Allan Woddrop, of Dal-
marnock and Elsrickle. Mr. Gray, in
1784, sold his valuable estates of Dalmar-
nock Newlands, and other properties near
Glasgow, and was succeeded in Carntyne
by his son,

Robert Gray of Carntyne, for many
years an active Magistrate and Deputy-
Lieutenant of Lanarkshire, and a man of
rare worth and benevolence. He to. Mary

Anne, daughter of Gabriel Hamilton, of
Westburn, representative of the house of
Torrance, by Agnes Dundas, heiress of Dud-
dingston, grand-daughter of the Earl of
Crawford, and grand-niece of the Duke of
Hamilton. Mr. Gray became representative
of the ancient branch of the house of
Hamilton, Hamilton of Newton, on the ex-
tinction both of the male line of that family,
and of its last heiress Mrs. Montgomery.
He had an only son, who succeeded him in

The Rev. John Hamilton Gray, of Carn-
tyne, vicar of Bolsover and Scarcliff, in the
county of Derby, Deputy-Lieutenant of
Lanarkshire. He to. Elizabeth Caroline,
eldest dau. of James Raymond Johnstone of
Alva, by Mary Cholmeley, sister of Sir
Montague Cholmeley, Bart., of Easton, by
whom he has an only daughter Caroline
Maria Agnes Robina, born 1833, and to.
1852, to John Anstruther Thomson, of

Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu., within a bordure
engrailed arg., a lion rampt., between three cinquefoils
pierced of the second, for Gray of Dalmarnock ; 2nd and
3rd, gu., within a bordurc ermine, three cinquefoils
pierced of the second, and in the middle a crescent sur-
mounted by a mullet argent, for Hamilton of Newton.

Cresls. An anchor arg. stuck in the sea, ppr. for Gray.
A tree coming out of a ducal coronet, and transversed by
a handsaw, ppr. for Hamilton.

Moitos. Fast for Gray, Through for Hamilton.

Warren, originally of Norfolk, and now
of Mespil, co. Dublin; Colonel Richard
Wright, of Mespil, co. Dublin, who took
the name of Warren, by Royal letters
patent, is descended in Ireland from James
Wright, Esq., of Gowlea, co. Monaghan, a
captain in the army, claiming descent from
the Wrights of Kilverstone, co. Norfolk, one
of the most ancient houses in England, pos-
sessing large estates in that county since the
time of the Saxons ; one of this family was
Lord Keeper temp. Charles II.

Through his grandmother Dame Catherine
Dowdall, Colonel Warren descends also from
the ancient and noble families of Dowdall
and Ruthven, Dame Katherine Dowdall the
wife of his grandfather, Richard Wright,
Esq., of co. Down, having been the daughter
and heiress of George Dowdall, Esq., of Glas-
pistal by Dame Margaret Ruthven, daughter
of John Trotter Ruthven, a descendant of
the celebrated Earl of Ruthven, of the peer-
age of Scotland. The family of Dowdall is
of great antiquity.

Colonel Warren served with high distinc-
tion throughout the war of independence in
Colombia, under the immediate orders of
Bolivar. Upon the termination of that fierce
and protracted struggle he was appointed
Governor of the Province of Loxa, which
office he held seven years. He was subse-
quently named Commandant General of



Quito, and finally Consul General Charge
d' Affaires at Her Majesty's Court.

Col. Warren received for his conduct in
action nine different decorations, together
with the hereditary collar and insignia de-
creed in honour of Bolivar and the liberators
of Peru, by the Council of Government of
that State. The titular distinction prefixed
to his name " Bonemerito " was likewise
awarded him by the Congress of Colombia
for his conduct in the battle of Maracaybo,
June, 1823, which victory sealed the indepen-
dence of Colombia as a sovereign power, to-
gether with a gold shield to be worn on his
left arm, bearing the following motto,

" To valor and constancy,"
"The Congrees of Colombia."
" 1824."

Col. Warren is also a Chevalier of the noble
and distinguished Order of Charles III. of

Arms. Chequy or. and gu. on a canton per pale of
the second and az. a saltire of the first.

Crest. An arm embowed in armour ppr. grasping a
dart sa. feathered arg. barbed or.

Motto. Fortuna sequatur.

Arms. Arg. on a chev. engr. between three crabs, the-
claws towards the dexter, gu., the Roman fasces erect,
surmounting two swords in saltire, and encircled by a
chaplet, or.

Quartering :

II. Outers, arg., a chev. engr. gu.

III. Bromley, quarterly, per fesse dancettee, gu. and or.

IV. Chittleton, arg, on a chev. gu. five bezants, all
within a bordure engr. of the second.

V. Clifton, arg. on a fesse sa. between six fleurs-de-lis,

gu., three cross crosslets or.

VI. Brock, gu. on a chev. arg. three roses gu.

VII. Vinour, arg. a bend or., on a chief arg. a saltire
engr. gu., between two Cornish choughs ppr.

VIII. Long, sa. a lion rampt., between six cross cross-
lets arg., all between two flaunches erm.

Crest. An eagle displayed arg., on the breast the Ro-
man fasces erect, surmounting two swords in saltire, and
encircled by a chaplet ppr., each wing charged with a
cross crosslet fitchee gu.

Motto. Mutare vel timere sperno.

In right of his wife, Mary Agnes Bythesea, younger
daughter of the late Charles Brome, Esq., of Mailing
House, West Mailing, co. Kent, Mr. Bythesea Impales
a quartered coat: Quarterly, 1st and 6th, az. a sinister
hand erect, in pale, couped at the wrist arg., Brome.
II. Or. three crescents sa., on a canton of the last a
ducal crown of the first, Hodges. III. Arg. a bend
sa., between three Cornish choughs, ppr. Quilter. IV.
Per chevron sa. and erm. La chief, two boars' heads
erased or., Sandford. V. Gu. a saltire between twelve
cross crosslets or. Denny.

Abercromby, Birkenbog, co. Banff, as
borne by Sir Robert Abercromby, Bart.,
Chief of the Clan Abercromby.

Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Abercromby: Arg., a
chev. gu., between three boars' heads couped, az., lan-
gued of the second. 2nd and 3rd, Ogilvie, [Sir Robert
Abercromby's mother having been the Hon. Jane Ogil-
vie, sister and heir of William, 8th Lord Banff] viz., 1st
and 4th, arg. a lion passant guardant gu., crowned with
an imperial crown ; 2nd and 3rd, arg. three papingoes
vert., beaked and nienibered gu., for Home of East

Crest. A falcon rising, ppr.

Supporters. Two grevhounds az., collared gu.

Motto. Petit alta.

An ancient rhyme, allusive to the he-
raldic bearings, is traditionally recorded to
have been made by the Scottish monarch,
when the estate of Birkenbog was granted to
the family. It runs in these words :

" If ye'ill gie me ane Falcon and aneDogge ;
I'se gie to ye the lands of Birkenbogge,
And to make this bargain mair soothe,
This white wax I bite with my toothe."

The lands of Forglen, which the present
baronet inherits from his mother's family, the
noble house of Banff, were originally given to
the abbots and monastery of Aberborthwick,
by William the Lion, and were held of them
by the tenure of carrying the sacred banner,
called the Braebannoch, in the Royal Army,
and there are various charters to the differ-
ent holders of the estate containing the same

Bythesea, of the Hill, Freshford, co.
Somerset, as borne by Samuel William
Bythesea, Esq., of that place, a descendant
of the ancient Wiltshire family ofBythsea, of
Week House.

Burton, borne by Launcelot Archer
Burton, of Woodlands, near Emsworth, co.
Hants, Esq.

Arms. Quartei'ly, 1st and 4th, per fesse sa. and ar. a
pale counterchanged, three owls, two and one, of the se-
cond, ducally crowned or., and as many ermine spots,
one and two, of the first, for Burton. 2nd and 3rd.
Per pale az. and gu., two chevronels ar., between three
arrows, the pheons downwards, or., for Archer.

Crests. 1st, on a mount vert., thereon an owl, ducally
crowned, as in the arms, holding in the dexter claw a
rose gu. , slipped of the first, for Burton. 2nd. A dra-
gon's head erased gu., gorged with a crown vair, and in
the mouth an arrow, pheon downwards, or.

Motto. Amicus vita? solatium.

Dawson, of Wray Castle, Windermere,
as borne by James Dawson, Esq., of that
place, a Justice of the Peace for North Lan-
cashire, descended from Dawson of Sutterby,
co. Lincoln.

Arms. Arg. two pales sa. a chev. gu., on a canton of
the last a battle-axe, or.

Crest. A dexter arm embowed in armour, ppr., gar-
nished or., holding in the gauntlet a battle-axe of the

Motto. Deedes, not wordes.

Mr. Dawson Impales, in right of his wife, Margaret,
dau. of the late Robert Preston, Esq., of West Derby
Lower House, co. Lancaster, on which lady that estate
devolved, the quartered coat of Preston, viz., Quarterly,
1st and 4th, arg. two bars gu., on a canton of the last a
cinquefoil or. 2nd and 3rd, arg. a maunch sa., a cres-
cent for difference.

Farncomb, as borne by Thomas Farn-
comb, Esq., of Forest Hill, Sydenham, co.
Surrey, Alderman of the City of London,
and at one time, Lord Mayor.

Arms. Vert, on a chev. engrailed between three cinque-
foils or. as many gryphons' heads erased sa.

Crest. A cockatrice's head couped sa., combed and
wattled or. between two wings of the first, each charged
with a cinquefoil of the second.

Motto. Legea ac jura servare.

Egerton, of Tatton, co. Chester, derived
from the Hon. Thomas Egerton, third son



of John, second Earl of Bridgewater; the
eventual heiress, Hester, sister of Samuel
Egerton, Esq., of Tatton, M.P., m., in 1747,
William Tatton, Esq., of Withenshaw, co.
Chester, and was grandmother of the present
Wilbraham Egerton, Esq., of Tatton
Park, who, in right of his descent from the
Princess Mary Tudor, younger dau. and
eventual co-heir of lung Henry VII., by his
consort, the Princess Elizabeth of York,
heiress of the Plantagenets, is entitled to
quarter the Royal Arms of England.

Arms. Quarterly, 1st, arg. a lion rampant gu. between
three pheons sa. ; 2nd, arg. on a bend az. three bucks'
heads cabossed or., for Stanley; 3rd, gu. two lions
passant arg., for Strange, of Knockyn; 4th, barry of
ten arg. and gu. over all a lion rampant or. crowned per
pale of the 1st and 2nd, for Brandon, Duke of Suffolk ;
on a canton ehequy or. and arg. a fesse gu., for Clifford,
Earl of Cumberland. 5th, Royal Arms, quarterly 1st
and 4th, France, az. three fleurs-de-lis or. ; 2nd and 3rd,
England, gu. three lions passant, guardant or.

Crest. On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a lion ram-
pant of the first, supporting an arrow erect or. headed
and feathered arg.

Motto. Sic donee.

Tatton, of Withenshaw, co. Chester,
originally of Tatton. The representative in
the seventeenth century, William Tatton,
Esq., of Withenshaw, m. Hester, dau. and
eventual heiress of John Egerton, Esq., of
Tatton, and thus, by a curious coincidence,
the old family estate of Tatton returned to
the male descendant of the original possessor,
Sir Alan de Tatton. Of the marriage with
the heiress of Egerton, there was issue, an
only son, William Tatton Egerton, Esq., of
Withenshaw and Tatton, M.P., father of the
present Wilbraham Egerton, Esq., of Tatton
Park, and of the late Thomas William Tatton,
Esq., of Withenshaw, whose son of the same
name is now proprietor of that estate, and is
entitled to quarter the Royal Arms.

Arms. Quarterly :

I. Quarterly, arg. and gu. four crescents counterchanged.

II. Egerton.

III. Stanley.

IV. Strange.

V. Brandon.

VI. France and England, quarterly.

Crest. A greyhound sejant arg. collared and tied to a
tree ppr.

Motto. Crescent.

The present T. W Tatton. Esq., of Withenshaw, im-
pales the quartered Coat of Paeker and Townley, in
right of his wife, a dau. of Robert Townley Farker, Esq.,
of Cuerden Hall.

Crosthwaite, of Woolton Hill, co. Lan-
caster, as borne by John Crosthwaite,
Esq., of that place.
Arms. Gu. a lion rampant between six crosses patee


Crest. A demi-lion rampant per fesse ppr. and or.
Motto. Finis coronat opus.

Halifax of Chadacre Hall, co. Suffolk,
descended from the Waterhouses, through a
younger branch which took the name of " de
Halifax" from the place of their abode. The
present representative is Thomas Halifax,

Esq., of Chadacre Hall, High Sheriff of Suf-
folk in 1837, who is only surviving son of the
late Sir Thomas Halifax, Lord Mayor of Lon-
don in 1777, by Margaret, his wife, daughter
and coheir of John Savile, Esq., of Clay Hill,

Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, or. on a pile engr. sa.
between two fountains ppr. three cross crosslets of the
1st, for Halifax ; 2nd and 3rd, arg. on a bend sa. three
owls of the field, for Sayile.

Crest. A moor cock, with wings expanded, combed
and wattled ppr. ducally gorged and charged on the
breast with a cross crosslet or.

Sale, of Barrow-upon-Trent, co. Derby,
as borne by William Sale, Esq., of
Barrow. Mr. Sale, who was b. hi 1772, m.
in 1799, Mary, daughter of Thomas Thorpe,
Esq., of Twyford, and grand-daughter mater-
nally of Josiah Holmes, Esq., of Twyford,
by a daughter of Mr. Kirkman, of Ingress
Park, co. Kent, M.P. for Coventry, and has

I. Richard, of Barrow-upon-Trent, m.
first in 1824, Mary, dau. of William
Flint, Esq., of Hemington, co Leices-
ter, and has an only son,


By his second marriage with Emma,
youngest daughter of William Leedham,
Esq., of Kennington, hi Surrey, there is
no issue.

II. William, m. to Miss Gamble, and has

III. Joseph, m. to Ellen, youngest daugh-
ter of Thomas Morris, Esq., of the
Grange, co. Derby, and has issue a son,
William Henry, and one daughter.

IV. George, m. to Miss Porter, and has

V. Thomas, m. and has issue.

I. Caroline, m. to Mr. Cox, and has issue.

II. Mary Ann, deceased uran.

Barnes, in his Visitation in 1662, records
several descents of the Sales, of Barrow,
who were seated on the banks of the Trent,
from a very early period, and have formed
alliances with the principal county families.

Arms. Ar. on a bend engr. sa. three fleurs-de-lis of
the first.

Crest. A pheon sa.

It may be remarked, as one of the curiosities of Eng-
lish heraldry, that the arms of the Sales of Barrow, are
also borne by the Holts of Lancashire, a rare instance of
two families being entitled to the same heraldic bear-

Barnard, as borne by Joseph Barnard,
Esq., of Notcliffe House, Tewkesbury, co.

Arms. Or. a bear ramp. sa. within two flaunches

Crest. A demi bear rampt. sa. seme of annulets or.
and holding between the paws a buckle of the last.

Motto. Ex concordia victoria? spes.

Nicholson, as granted to Patrick
Charles Nicholson, of Ashton-under-
Lyne, co. Lancaster, Esq.



Arms. Sa. two barschequy or. and az. in chief a stag's
head cabossed between two suns in splendour of the
s eeond.

Crest. A lion's bead erased erm. charged on the neck
with a burning heart gu. within two branches of palm ppr.

By am of Antigua, originally of Somerset-
shire, described as " Antiquissima Familia
Byamorum." The family of Byam consists
of two branches descended from two bro-
thers, the sons of William Byam, a distin-
guished Royalist, who was engaged on the
King's side throughout the whole of the
Civil Wars in the West of England, and
afterwards became Governor of Surinam,
viz., Colonel Willoughby Byam, who com-
manded the body guard at the capture of
St. Christopher in 1690, and died of his
wounds received there ; and Edward Byam,
Governor of the Leeward Isles, who sur-
viving to an advanced age, died in 1741 :
the former is now represented by the Hon.
William Byam, President of H. M. Council
for Antigua, of Cedar Hill in that island,
and of Westwood, Hants, recently appointed
by the Legislature of the same island chief
of a delegation to represent its interests with
the home government ; the latter branch is
represented by the Rev. Richard Burgh
Byam, Vicar of Kew and Petersham.

Arms. 1st and 6th Quarter : Ar., three dragons'
heads erased vert., each holding in its mouth a dexter
hand couped, ppr., dropping blood, for Byam. 2nd. 8a.,
a chev. betw. three spears' heads erect, arg., pointed gu.
3rd. Gu., a lion rampt., regnardant, or. 4th. Gu., a
tower triple turretted arg. 5th. Vert., a chev. between
three wolves' heads, erased or .

Crests. 1st. A squirrel passant, or., collared and
chained vert. 2nd. A dragon's head erased vert., lan-
gued gu., holding in its mouth a hand ppr., dropping

Motto. Claris dextera factis.

Edward Samuel Byam, Esq., brother of the Reverend
Richard Burgh Byam, bears for Motto, Y Gwir yn
erbyn y Byd.

With reference to the armorial bearings
of the Byams, the following interesting de-
tails occur in a curious, privately printed
" Retrospect of the Literary Avocations
of Edward S. Byam, Esq."

Having taken a view of his ancestry as a
Somersetshire family separately considered,
the writer in describing the quartered coat
entered in the Somersetshire Visitation for
a.d. 1623, says, the first are the arms " Anti-
quissimce Familia', Byamorum" as it has most
emphatically been called, or collectively as

" Quarterly, argent, 1st and 4th, three dra-
gons (or wyverns') heads, erased vert, each
holding in its mouth a dexter hand, couped
at the wrist, gules.

" 2nd and 3rd, vert, a chevron between
three wolves' heads, erased or., with two
crests— one, a squirrel passant or., collared
and lined vert ; the other, a dragon's head,
erased vert, with a dexter hand in the mouth
dropping blood.

"And, next, those of a Cambrian family,

from which this of Somersetshire was derived :
viz., the arms of Caradoc Vreich-vras,* chief-
tain, who lived in the earlier portion of the
sixth century, and was ancestor to and
founder of a dynasty of princes who swayed
the sceptre of the country between the Se-
vern and the Wye for considerably more
than five hundred years, from 520 to 1092,
when Blethin, at latter date representative of
the line, being slain, the remnant of his ter-
ritory, which consisted of the present coun-
ties of Brecknockshire and Radnorshire, was
taken possession of by Bernard Newinarch,
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to our Wil-
liam Rufus, who either appropriated the same
to himself, or parcelled it out amongst his
marauding followers, Normans, whom the
conquest of England, and a five-and-twenty
years' possession of the larger and fairer por-
tion of the isle, had still left unprovided for,
and the arms of which Cambrian prince, real
or attributed (for with many others of an
associated kind and kindred sort I have
traced them as far back as the unprovoked
invasion of Wales above alluded to), were
sable, a chevron between three spear heads
imbued argent.

" The arms of Elistan Glodrydd, godson of
the Saxon monarch of like appellation (Athel-
stan), from whom he received his name in
baptism, and through whose instrumentality
he was enabled to consolidate his power,
and become founder of the fifth royal tribe
of Wales, and which, as likewise borne by
his descendant, the Earl of Cadogan, are
gules, a lion rampant, regardant, or.

" The arms of Howell, Prince of Caerleon,
whom Henry the Second condescended to
secure in the possession of a territory of
twelve miles in circumference around that
once famous city, the seat of the Augustan
legion, and which are gules, three towers
triple turretted, as also now borne by his
descendants, the Marquises of Salisbury and

" The quartering in the Somersetshire coat
already alluded to, being that of Blaith ap
Elvarch, Lord of Penrose, in Monmouthshire,
and Brigthlyn, in Glamorgan, was first ac-
quired by marriage of an heiress of the latter
with an ancestor of the Byam family,f
through which they obtained the estate of
Penrose, the mansion of which is still stand-
ing, and in tolerable preservation.^ The
Byam paternal coat, as borne by the Somer-
set family, was found on investigation in the
more simple form of argent, a dragon's
head erased vert, holding in its mouth
a dexter hand gu., borne by Rhys Goch
(or Rees the Red) before the close of
the eleventh century, and resolves itself

* Caradoc, mightv in the arm.

+ In the reign of Henry III., 121C— 1272.

% Near Caerleon,

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