Boston (Mass.).

Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .. (Volume 1963) online

. (page 5 of 16)
Online LibraryBoston (Mass.)Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .. (Volume 1963) → online text (page 5 of 16)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


OFFICIALS

OF THE

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS



The following table shows the manner in which the administrative oflBcers
of the Executive departments are appointed or elected, the time of appointment
or election and the term of office as prescribed by statute or ordinance, (Stat.
1953, Chap. 473; Ord. 1953, Chap. 8; Ord. 1954, Chaps. 2 and 3; Ord. 1956,
Chaps. 1 and 3; Ord. 1957, Chap. 2; Ord. 1958, Chap. 4 and Ord. 1961, Chap. 1.)





How
Created.


Appointbd


OB Elbctbd.


Tkbm.




By Whom.


When.


Begins.


Length.


Administrative Services,
Director of


Ord.


Mayor


*





*


Appeal, Board of (Five)


Statute
and Ord.


u


Annually,
one


May 1


5 yrs.


Art Commission (Five)


Statute
and Ord.


u


Annually,
one


May 1


5 yrs.


Assessing, Commission-
er of


Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.

Ord.


u

u
u


*

*
t


*
t


*


Assessing, Associate
Commissioner of
(Two)


*


Auditor


t


Beacon Hill Architec-
tural Commission
(Five)


Statute


u


Annually,
one


May 1


5 yrs.


Budgets, Supervisor of. .


Ord.


u


*


*


*


Building Commissioner,
City Clerk


Statute
Statute


u

City
Council


Quinquen-

nially
Trien-

nially


May 15

1st Mon.

in Feb.


5 yrs.




3 yrs.


Civil Defense Director...


Statute
and Ord.


Mayor


*


>i:


t


CoUector-Treasiu-er ....

Corporation Counsel . . .

Election Commissioners
(Four)


Statute
and Ord.
Ord.

Statute


11


*

Quadren-
nially

Annually,
one


*

May 1
April 1


*

4 yrs.
4 vrs.







* For a term expiring on the first Monday of the January followine the next biennial municipal
election at which a mayor is elected.

t Position placed under Civil Service bv vote of electorate, November 2, 1943.
t Determined by Stat. 1953, Chap. 491.



44



MUNICIPAL REGISTER





How
Created.


Appointed


OB Elected.


Teem.




By Whom.


When.


Begins.


Length.


Examiners, Board of
(Three)


Statute
and Ord.


Mayor


Annually,
one


May 1
May 1


3 yrs.


Fire Commissioner


Statute


u


Quadren-
nially


4yr8.


Gasfitters, Board of Ex-
aminers of (Three) . . .


Statute
and Ord.


u


Annually,
one


May 1


lyr.


Health Commissioner. . .


Ord.


u


*


*


*


Hospital Trustees
(Five)


Statute


u


Annually,
one


May 1
May 1


5 yrs.


Library Trustees (Five)


Ord.


a


Annually,
one


5 yrs.


Parks and Recreation,
Commissioner of


Statute
and Ord.


u


*


*


*


Parks and Recreation,
Associate Commis-
sioners of (Four)


Statute
and Ord.


u


Annually,
one


May 1


4 yrs.


Penal Institutions Com-
missioner


Ord.


u


Quadren-
nially

t


May 1

t


4 yrs.
t


Personnel, Supervisor of


Ord.


u


Police Commissioner . . .


Statute


a


Quinquen-
nially


May 1


5 yrs.


Public Health Council
(Nine)


Ord.


u


Annually,
three


May 1

*
*


3 yrs.


Public Works, Commis-
sioner of


Ord.
Ord.


u


*
*


*


Purchasing Agent


*


Real Estate, Committee
on Foreclosed (Three)


Ord.


u


§


§


§


Real Property, Com-
missioner of


Ord.
Ord.


a
u


*
*


*


*


Real Property, Assist-
ant Commissioner of.,.


*



* For a term expiring on the first Monday of the January following the next biennial municipal
election at which a mayor is elected.

t Position placed under Civil Service by Stat. 1959, Chapter 603.

§ Tho Chairman and two other members of the Real Property Board are appointed by the
Mayor from th« Real Properly Board.



CHIEF OFFICIALS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS



45



Officials.



Real Property, Associ-
ate Commissioners of
(Three)

Retirement Board
(Three)

Review, Board of
(Three)

Sinking Funds Com-
missioners (Six)

Traffic and Parking
Commissioner

Veterans' Benefits and
Services Commissioner.

Veterans' Graves and
Registration, Super-
visor of

Weights and Measures,
Sealer of

Welfare, Overseers of
Public (Twelve)

Zoning Adjustment,
Board of (Twelve) . . .



Alternates (Eleven).

Zoning Commission
(Eleven)



How
Created.



Appointed ob Elected.



By Whom.



When.



Term.



Begins. Length.



Ord.



Statute

Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.



Statute

Statute
and Ord.



Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.

Statute
and Ord.



Mayor



Annually,
one


May 1


Triennially,
one


Oct. 1


See footnote


See foot-


Annually,
two


note
May 1


*


*


*


*


t


t


X


t


Annually,
four


May 1


Annually,
two


May 1


Annually,
two


May 1


Annually,
four


May 1



3 yrs,
3 yrs.



See foot-
note

3 yrs.



t
3 yrs.

5 yrs.
5 yrs.
3 yrs.



* For a term expiring on the first Monday of the January following the next biennial munici-
pal election at which a mayor is elected.

J Position placed under Civil Service by Stat. 1949, Chap. 245.
Position placed under Civil Service by Stat. 1909, Chap. 382.

Note: — The Mayor appoints three persons to this Board as follows: — (1)
such person in the service of the real estate appraisal division of the assessing
department as the mayor, by a writing filed with the city clerk after the com-
mencement of a municipal year, shall designate to serve ex officio on said board
at his pleasure during such year, who, while so serving, shall be chairman of
said board, (2) such person in the service of the statistical research division of
the assessing department as the mayor in like manner shall designate to serve
ex officio on said board at his pleasure during such year, and (3) such person
as the mayor shall appoint from the public at large to serve on said board for
a term expiring on the first Monday of the January following the next biennial
municipal election at which a mayor is elected.



Executive Departments



THE DEPARTMENTS AND BOARDS OF THE CITY WERE
REORGANIZED AND CONSOLIDATED BY CHAPTER 8 OF
THE ORDINANCES OF 1953, WHICH TOOK EFFECT ON JANU-
ARY 1, 1954, CHAPTER 2 OF THE ORDINANCES OF 1954, WHICH
TOOK EFFECT ON MAY 1, 1954, AND CHAPTER 3 OF THE OR-
DINANCES OF 1954, WHICH TOOK EFFECT ON JUNE 30, 1954.

FOR CONVENIENT REFERENCE THE FOLLOWING DE-
PARTMENTS ARE ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY ACCORDING
TO THE PRINCIPAL WORD OF THEIR TITLE. THE DEPART-
MENTS ARE DISTINGUISHED BY TITLES IN CAPITAL LET-
TERS AND THE BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS ARE IN ITALICS.



(47)



DEPARTMENT OF THE MAYOR



49



DEPARTMENT OF THE MAYOR



Office, 27 City Hall, second floor

[Stat. 1885, Chap. 266; Stat. 1895, Chap. 449; Stat. 1904, Chap. 450;
Stat. 1905, Chap. 341; Stat. 1906, Chap. 259; Stat. 1907, Chaps. 274,
463; C. C, Title II., Chap. 3; Stat. 1908, Chaps. 292, 494; Stat. 1909,
Chap. 486; Stat. 1910, Chap. 373; Stat. 1911, Chap. 413; Stat. 1912,
Chap. 550; Stat. 1913, Chaps. 280, 367, 788; Stat. 1914, Chaps. 274,
730; Spec. Stat. 1915, Chaps. 184, 348; Spec. Stat. 1918, Chap. 94;
Gen. Stat. 1919, Chap. 75; Stat. 1920, Chaps. 6, 312, 613; Stat. 1921,
Chaps. 169, 407, 497; Stat. 1922, Chaps. 35, 399, 521; Stat. 1924,
Chaps. 453, 479; Stat. 1930, Chap. 167; Stat. 1938, Chap. 300;
Stat. 1945, Chaps. 4, 8; Rev. Ord. 1947, Chap. 2; Stat. 1948, Chap.
452; Stat. 1951, Chap. 376.]

JOHN F. COLLINS, Mayor
John H. O'Neill, Jr., Administrative Assistant
Albert Kramer, Administrative Assistant
William J. Devine, Assistant Secretary
Mary V. Callanan, Appointment Secretary
Margaret J. Leahy, Clerk

Elmer C. Foster, Community Relations Advisor
Richard J. Sinnott, Director of Public Information
and Chief of Licensing Division

the city record

Office, 40 City Hall

William R. Halpin, Acting Editor

P. Nicholas Petrocelli, Associate Editor



ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES DEPARTMENT



Office, 50 City Hall
iOrd. 1953, Chap. 8, Sec. 9; Rev. Ord. 1961, Chap. 4; Ord. 1961, Chap. 1,

Sec. 3.]
Administrative Services Board
Henry A. Scagnoli, Director of Administrative Services, Chairman*
Henry T. Brennan, Supervisor of Budgets*
Duncan T. Foley, Supervisor of Personnel^
Michael A. DeSimone, Purchasing Agent*
John T. Leonard, Temporary City Auditor, ex officio
James E. Gildea, Collector-Treasurer, ex officio
Adolph H. Brauneis, Commissioner of Assessing, ex officio
Lawrence W. Costello, Administrative Secretary

* For a term expiring on the first Monday of the January following the next biennial
municipal election at which a mayor is elected.

t Stat. 1959, Chapter 603 placing the office of Supervisor of Personnel under Civil
Service was accepted by the City Council on October 19, 1959, and approved by the Mayor
on October 20, 1959.



50 MUNICIPAL REGISTER

The Administrative Services Department represents a consolidation of
the activities formerly conducted by the Budget, Printing and Supply
Departments, and the acquisition of 5 new activities — the receipt and
processing of general complaints; the repair and maintenance of office
machines; surplus property control; data processing; and the administra-
tion of a life-health insurance program for City and County employees.

The Department is under the charge of a board known as the Admin-
istrative Services Board, consisting of the Director of Administrative
Services as chairman, the Supervisor of Budgets, the Supervisor of Per-
sonnel, the Purchasing Agent, the City Auditor, the Collector-Treasurer,
and the Commissioner of Assessing, ex officiis. It is the duty of this
board, and more especially of the Director of Administrative Services, to
make, under the Mayor, studies and recommendations with respect to the
organization, activities, policies, and procedures of all departments, boards,
and officers so that the administration thereof shall be economical and
efficient.

The regular activities of the department, for payroll purposes, are
divided into seven divisions — administrative, budget, complaints, data
processing, personnel, printing, and purchasing, the operations and func-
tions of all divisions being under the overall supervision of the Director.

The Administrative Division which handles all types of administrative
matters concerning City and County operations, including the adminis-
tration of the life-health insurance program, is under the supervision of the
Administrative Secretary to the Board.

The Supervisor of Budgets is the budget officer of the City and County
and under the direction of the Mayor and in consultation with the Director
is responsible for the preparation of the annual and all supplementary
budgets as well as all subsequent revisions of the items in any budget.

The Supervisor of Personnel is in charge of all personnel records as well
as the administration of all compensation plans established for City and
County employees. He makes a continuing study of personnel problems,
employment conditions, and economic changes affecting all departments
and recommends to the Mayor and department officials programs and
administrative policies designed to improve and co-ordinate the handling
of personnel matters.

The Purchasing Agent is responsible for the furnishing of all materials
or supplies requisitioned by the several departments. He has charge of
the Printing Plant and supplies the printing or binding requisitioned by
departments to whom the City is required by law to furnish the same.
He is the custodian of all surplus personal property of the City and may
reallocate any such items among the several departments or, with the
required approvals, sell or otherwise dispose of the same. He is also
responsible for the operations of the Office Machine Repair Unit.

The Complaints Division is under the supervision of a Supervisor of
Complaints and the Data Processmg Unit is under the supervision of a
Manager of Data Processing.



ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES DEPARTMENT 51

The department also contains a board of five commissioners known as
the Art Commission, which has the custody and care of all works of art
owned by the City. While not subject to the direct supervision or control
of the Administrative Services Board, this commission shaxl not communi-
cate with the Mayor or make any annual or other report except through
the board.

Art Commission
Office, Faneuil Hall

[Stat. 1898, Chap. 410; Rev. Ord. 1898, Chap. 4; C. C, Title IV., Chap. 11 '
Spec. Stat. 1919, Chap. 87; Rev. Ord. 1961, Chap. 4, Sec. 8.]

OFFICIALS

Nelson W. Aldrich, Chairman
, Secretary

COMMISSIONERS*

William B. Osgood, nominated by the Trustees of the Public Library of
the City of Boston. Term expiring May 1, 1966.

Margaret Fitzhugh Browne, nominated by the Copley Society of Bos-
ton. Term expiring May 1, 1967.

Alice M. Walsh (nee Maginnis), nominated by the Museum of Fine
Arts. Term expiring May 1, 1963.

Nelson W. Aldrich, nominated by the Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology. Term expiring May 1, 1964.

Marvin Goody, nominated by the Boston Society of Architects. Term
expiring May 1, 1965.

David McKibbin, Clerk, lOJ Beacon street, Boston

The Art Commission, formerly the Art Department, established in
1898, is composed of five commissioners, appointed by the Mayor. Each
year one of the following-named bodies, namely, the Museum of Fine Arts,
the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology, the Boston Society of Architects, and the
Copley Society of Boston, submits a list of three persons to the Mayor;
and the Mayor appoints one person as Art Commissioner from the list so
submitted, to serve for five years. Whenever the term of a member of
the commission expires, the Mayor appoints his successor from a list
selected by the body which made the original selection, as aforesaid.

No work of art can become the property cf the City of Boston without
the approval of the Art Commission, which may also be requested by the
Mayor or the City Council to pass upon the design of any municipal
building, bridge, approach, lamp, ornamental gate or fence, or other struc-
ture to be erected upon land belonging to the City. No work of art, the
property of the City of Boston, shall be removed except by order of the
Art Commissioners and with the approval of the Mayor. Moreover, all
contracts or orders for the execution of any painting, monument, statue,

* The Commissioners serve without compensation.



52 MUNICIPAL REGISTER

bust, bas-relief, or other sculpture for the City shall be made by said
Commission acting by a majority of its members, subject to the approval
of the Mayor. By Chap. 87, Special Acts of 1919, all works of art owned
by the City were placed in the custody and care of the Art Commissioners.

Public Safety Commission

Office, 50 City Hall

[Stat. 1959, Chap. 203; Stat. 1961, Chap. 194; Rev. Ord. 1961, Chap. 4,

Sec. 9.]
Henry A. Scagnoli, Director oj Administrative Services, ex officio,

Chairman

Charles W. Sweeney, Director of Civil Defense, ex officio

Robert E. York, Building Commissioner, ex officio

Thomas J. Griffin, Fire Commissioner, ex officio

James W. Haley, Public Works Commissioner, ex officio

Thomas F. Carty, Traffic and Parking Commissioner, ex officio

William H. Ohrenberger, Superintendent of Schools, ex officio

Edmund L. McNamara, Police Commissioner, ex officio

John T. Foley, M.D., Temporary Health Commissioner, ex officio

Thomas L. McLernon, General Manager, Metropolitan Transit Authority,

ex officio
Lawrence W. Costello, Secretary

It is the duty of this Commission to co-ordinate the work of all depart-
ments of the City concerned with public safety to the end that there may
be efficient and concerted action by said departments, particularly in
times of emergency or disaster. The Commission shall meet at least once
each month, at the call of the Director of Administrative Services, for the
purpose of discharging said duty.



ASSESSING DEPARTMENT



Office, 301 City Hall Annex, third floor
[Stat. 1854, Chap. 448, § 37; Stat. 1884, Chap. 123; Stat. 1903, Chap.
279; Rev. Ord. 1898, Chap. 5; Ord. 1900, Chap. 5; Ord. 1901, Chap
8; C. C, Title IV., Chap. 12; Ord. 1910, Chap. 1; Stat. 1911, Chap.
89; Stat. 1913, Chaps. 155, 484; Stat. 1914, Chap. 198; Rev. Ord.
1914, Chap. 5; Gen. Stat. 1915, Chap. 91; Gen. Stat. 1916, Chaps.
87, 173, 294; Spec. Stat. 1918, Chap. 93; Stat. 1920, Chaps. 93, 96,
183, 552; Stat. 1921, Chaps. 283, 399; Stat. 1922, Chap. 6; Stat. 1924,

* For a term expiring on the first Monday of the January following the next biennial
municipal election at which a mayor is elected.

f Such person in the service of the real estate appraisal division of the assessing depart-
ment as the mayor, by a writing filed with the city clerk after the commencement of a
municipal year, shall designate to serve ex officio on said board at bia pleasure during such
year, who, while ao serving, shall be chairman of said board. (See Ord. 1961, Chap. 1,
Sect. 4.) . , X

§ Such person in the service of the atatistical research division of the assessing depart-
ment as the mayor, by a writing filed with the city clerk after the commencement of a
municipal year, shall designate to serve ex officio on said board at his pleasure during such
year. (See Ord. 1961, Chap. 1, Sect. 4.)



ASSESSING DEPARTMENT 53

Chap. 410; Stat. 1938, Chap. 257; Stat. 1945, Chap. 263; Stat. 1949,
Chap. 313; Stat. 1951, Chap. 601; Ord. 1954, Chap. 3; Ord. 1958,
Chap. 4; Ord. 1961, Chap. 1.]

BOARD

Adolph H. Brauneis, Commissioner of Assessing*
Francis X. Cuddt, Associate Commissioner of Assessing*
Edmond J. DoNLAN, Associate Commissioner of Assessing*

board of review
John J. Riley, Jr., ex officio, Chairman]
Paul M. Finan, ex officio §
Louis Levtne*
John P. Doherty, Executive Secretary



The Assessing Department, is under the charge of a board consisting
of an officer, known as the Commissioner of Assessing, and two other
officers, known as Associate Commissioners of Assessing. The mayor
shall from time to time by a writing filed with the city clerk designate
one of the associate commissioners of assessing as the associate com-
missioner of assessing for motor vehicle excises and the other as the as-
sociate commissioner of assessing for poll taxes.

Said board shall divide the assessing department from time to time
into a real estate appraisal division, a statistical research division, and
such other divisions as said board shall adjudge necessary for the proper
conduct of the department.

The commissioner of assessing shall, for the assessing department
including the board of review, exclusively have the power, and perform
the duties, conferred or imposed by law on the assessor in existence im-
mediately prior to April 26, 1961, with respect to the acquisition and
disposal of property, the making of contracts, and the appointments,
suspension, discharge, compensation and indemnification of subordinates.
The commissioner of assessing shall also have the powers and perform
the duties conferred or imposed by law on the assessor and the board
of review in the assessing department in existence immediately prior to
April 26, 1961, with respect to taxes other than poll and motor vehicle
excise taxes, and shall further have the powers and perform the duties
from time to time conferred or imposed on assessors of cities in Massa-
chusetts by general laws applicable to Boston with respect to taxes other
than poll and motor vehicle excise taxes.

The associate commissioners of assessing shall have the powers and
perform the duties conferred or imposed by law on the assessor in existence
immediately prior to April 26, 1961, with respect, in the case of the asso-
ciate commissioner of assessing for motor vehicle excises, to motor vehicle
excise taxes, and in the case of the associate commissioner of assessing for
poll taxes, to poll taxes, and shall also have the powers and perform the
duties from time to time conferred or imposed on assessors of cities in
Massachusetts by general laws applicable to Boston with respect, in the
case of the associate commissioner of assessing for motor vehicle excises,



54 MUNICIPAL REGISTER

to motor vehicle excise taxes, and in the case of the associate commis-
sioner of assessing for poll taxes, to poll taxes. In addition, each asso-
ciate commissioner of assessing may, at such time as he shall have been
80 authorized by written designation signed by the commissioner of as-
sessing, approved by the mayor and filed with the city clerk and such
authorization shall not have been revoked in like manner, exercise the
powers and perform the duties of commissioner of assessing in relation to
such matters as may be specified in such designation. In the event of the
absence, disability or vacancy in office of an associate commissioner of
assessing, the powers and duties conferred or imposed upon him by or
under this section shall be exercised and performed by the other associate
commissioner of assessing.

The Board of Review, consists of (1) such person in the service of
the real estate appraisal division of the assessing department as the
mayor, by a writing filed with the city clerk after the commencement of
a municipal year, shall designate to serve ex officio on said board at his
pleasure during such year, who, while so serving, shall be chairman of
said board, (2) such person in the service of the statistical research division
of the assessing department as the mayor in like manner shall designate
to serve ex officio on said board at his pleasure during such year, and (3)
such person as the mayor shall appoint from the public at large.

It shall be the duty of the board of review to review every application
for the abatement of a real estate or personal property tax and report
to the commissioner of assessing its findings and recommendations with
respect thereto, including such suggestion for settlement, if any, as, after
discussion with the applicant, the board may think proper.

Every application for abatement filed with the assessing department
shall be deemed to be filed with, and shall be forthwith transmitted to,
in the case of an application for the abatement of a real estate or personal
property tax, the commissioner of assessing, in the case of an application
for the abatement of a motor vehicle excise tax, the associate commissioner
of assessing for motor vehicle excises, and in the case of an application
for the abatement of a poll tax, the associate commissioner of assessing
for poU taxes.



AUDITING DEPARTMENT



Office, 11 City Hall, first floor

[Rev. Ord. 1898, Chap. 6; Ord. 1901, Chap. 10; Stat. 1909, Chap. 486,
§§3, 23, 24, 25; Stat. 1911, Chap. 413; Stat. 1913, Chaps. 367, 788;
Rev. Ord. 1914, Chap. 6; Spec. Stat. 1917, Chap. Ill; Spec. Stat.
1919, Chap. 168; Ord. 1921, Chap. 1; Stat. 1922, Chap. 133; Stat.
1924, Chap. 479; Ord. 1925, Chap. 6; Ord. 1934, Chap. 5; Ord. 1949,
Chap. 9.]



BUILDING DEPARTMENT 55

John T. Leonard, Temporary City Auditor
John F. Fitzpatrick, Deputy City Auditor

The office of Auditor was established by ordinance on August 2, 1824,
Under provisions of Chapter 414 of the Acts of 1941, the office of City-
Auditor was placed under Civil Service on November 2, 1943, by a refer-
endum vote of 60,139 to 12,409.

The office of Deputy City Auditor was established by ordinance on July
11, 1934.

Regular annual reports of receipts and expenditures have been pub-
lished by the Auditor since 1825. Less complete reports were published
by finance committees from 1811 to 1824, inclusive. Since June 1, 1867,
the Auditor has published monthly exhibits of all City, School, and
County expenditures.

The City Auditor is also Auditor of the County of Suffolk, Secretary of
the Board of Commissioners of Sinking Funds, a member of the Board of
Trustees of the George Robert White Fund, a member of the Boston
Retirement Board and a member of the Administrative Services Board.
(Rev. Ord. 1947, Chaps. 3, 6.)



BUILDING DEPARTMENT



Office, 901 City Hall Annex, ninth floor

Robert E. York, Building Commissioner. Term expiring May 15,

1966.
Thomas L. Flynn, Deputy Building Commissioner and Head of

Technical Services.
Frank J. Coughlin, Executive Secretary and Head of Office Services.
Edmund J. Morgan, Head of Construction and Safety Inspections.
Edward P. Lang, Head of Mechanical Inspections.
Leo F. MtTRPHT, Superintendent, Head of Electrical Inspections.

The duty of the Building Commissioner, under the provisions of
Chapter 479 of the Acts of 1938, as amended (the Building Code), is to
inspect all buildings and structures in the City of Boston except bridges,
quays or wharves, buildings owned and occupied by the United States


1 2 3 5 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Online LibraryBoston (Mass.)Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .. (Volume 1963) → online text (page 5 of 16)