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A new edition of Professor Woodruff's Greek
Prose Composition has appeared, published by
Libby and Company. The work is intended to give
a thorough knowledge of Greek grammar, and is
based largely on Xenophon's Anabasis with addi-
tional exercises on other Attic prose authors.

From the list of ten names presented by Bow-
doin. Amherst has selected the following men to
act as judges in the dual debate. Judge Simeon E.
Baldwin of the Yale Law School, Prof. H. R Seager
of Columbia University and Prof. Davis R. Dewey
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Three prizes — a first prize of $100, a second
prize of $75, and a third prize of $50 — have been
established by the Hon. John Barrett. United States
minister to Panama, to be awarded to the authors
of the best papers on "The Relations of the United
States with the Latin-American Republics." The
competition is open to any undergraduate registered
in a regular course in any college or university of
recognized standing. For further information we
refer you to the official notice on the bulletin board
in Hubbard Librarv.



272



BOWDOIN ORIENT.



Pike, Harvard, '08, spent Sunday with friends on
the campus.

Powers, '06, and his cousin. Powers, '08, will sail
for Porto Rico February 18, for a few weeks' out-
ing.

Kilburn, '08, who has been absent for the past few-
weeks on account of his eyes, returned to resume his
studies last Monday.

The entire schedule of the Glee and Mandolin
Clubs has not yet been arranged. February 20, a
concert will be given at Oldtown. February 21,
there will be one at Bangor and March 8 is the date
scheduled for the concert at Auburn.

F. J. McCoy of the Yale Law School has been
engaged to coach the University of Maine foot-ball
team next fall. McCoy has been identified with col-
lege foot-ball for the last five years, having played
the positions of halfback and full on Amherst in
1900, and fullback for a short time at Yale last fall.

President Hyde was the guest of Head Master
George Dudley Church at the Abbott Family School
at Farmington recently. In the evening he
addressed the boys of the school for a few moments.
In Farmington he met several fellows who intend
to come here next fall. President Hyde has recom-
mended the school as a Special Fitting School for
Bowdoin.

Professor Files has presented to Solon S.
Cahill, proprietor of "The Villa," a German motto
in burnt wood, showing the design of an old Ger-
man Inn, which will be placed in the dining-room
of the new house. The translation of the motto,
which appears in the original German, is as follows :
"God protect your home, God shield your home;
may much fortune come in and none go out."

The new water system of the Brunswick and
Topsham water district is now complete. The
water which will be supplied to the inhabitants of
the town is obtained from a system of fifty driven
wells, and is said to be better than that supplied to
any other city or town in the State. Its chemical
analysis shows it to be almost perfectly pure. This
piece of news will certainly be appreciated by the
student body.

Andrew Carnegie, the library king, has given
$50,000 to the University of Maine for the erection
of a library building. The gift is entirely unre- '
stricted and can be used in any manner that the
trustees see fit. President Fellows announced the
gift last Thursday morning at the chapel exercises.
The news was received with great joy by every one
Bowdoin unites in congratulating the University on
its prosperity and good fortune.

The proposed athletic meet for the colleges of
Maine to be held in the Portland Auditorium will
either take place some time next March or it will
not come off until next season. Colby is the only
one of the four colleges which has not appeared
enthusiastic over the meet. Some of the best track
men Bates has are teaching school at the present
time and should they return to college in good
season the meet will probably be held some time
next month.



Foot-ball is vigorously condemned in President
Eliot's annual report. He characterizes the game,
as it is now played, as "injurious to rational
Academic Life" and compares it to "consummate
savagery called war."

The Bowdoin Interscholastic Base-ball League
held its second annual meeting in Banister Hall
Saturday afternoon. Representatives from Port-
land, Lewiston. Edward Little High Schools, Leavitt
Institute and Thornton Academy were present. A
constitution barring "ringers" and covering every
doubtful question likely to arise was adopted. A
fine of $5 is to be paid by any team in the league
cancelling a game without a week's notice. Any
team withdrawing from the league forfeits $20.

There is a movement on foot to form a Univer-
sity Club in Lewiston and Auburn. The promot-
ers of the enterprise have made a preliminary can-
vass of the two cities and find that there are a
great many college men of the younger and older
generation who are heartily in favor of such an
organization. It is estimated that there are at
least four hundred men graduates of various col-
leges and universities in these cities who would be
glad to enroll themselves as members of such a
club. Senator Frye, '55, has already been men-
tioned as the first honorary member of the club.



We clip the following article from the Portland
Express, issue of February 13 :

BOWDOIN STUDENT CAPTURES THIEF.

Isaiah Simpson, a Bowdoin student, saw a High
School student stealthily creeping out of a window
of the science room yesterday, and as several things
have been stolen from there in the last several
weeks he surmised that something was wrong. An
investigation followed the identification of the win-
dow climber and the investigators claim to have
unearthed proof that he has stolen tools and a
small steam engine, property of the college, and
tools from the Maine Central Railroad, besides
keeping his mother supplied with coal from Chase's
coal shed. With the return of the property no
action will be taken.

We would inform the correspondent for the
Express that Isaiah Simpson is not a student in the
college, but the Superintendent of the Grounds and
Buildings.



FIFTH RECITAL.

The fifth in the series of recitals was held in the
Walker Art Building, Thursday, February 9.
Owing to the fact that examinations were being held
there was a scarcity of students. The program :

Preludes, Nos. I"? and 19. — Chopin.

New World Symphony — Largo. — Dvorak.

Ballade. Opus 47. — Chopin.

New World Symphony — Allegro Con fuoco. —

Dvorak.
Sonata in B Minor. — Finale. — Chopin.
Rhapsodic Opus 45 No. 3.— Dvorak.



BOWDOIN ORIENT.



273



SIXTH RECITAL.

Last evening's concert drew an average audi-
ence. Every number was vigorously applauded and
every one present felt amply repaid for their trouble
in going. The program :

Symphonie Pathetique. — First Movement. Tschai-

kowski.
Tarantelle, Opus II. — Chopin.
Symphonie Pathetique — Second Movement — Tschai-

kowski.
Studies, Opus 10 No. 5, Opus 25 No. 9. — Chopin.
Fifth Symphony. — Waltz Movement. — Tschaikow-

ski.
Concerto in E Minor — Allegro. — Chopin.



Christian association litems.



The services of the Christian Association will
begin again after the examination period. It is
hoped that all who are in any way inclined toward
an interest in practical, straightforward Christianity,
will not hesitate to join us. If for some reason the
Cabinet or members of the association have not
found out your bent, declare it to them. The asso-
ciation repeats its former invitations to all members
of the college. If the high ideals of Christ demand
your loyalty it should be openly allied to the move-
ment, the institution which attempts to give expres-
sion to those ideals.

STATE Y. M. C. A. CONVENTION.

The State Y. M. C. A. Convention, this year,
will be held with the City Association at Bath.
Some of the strongest speakers of the country will
be present at this convention which will represent
'our cities, our military establishments, as well as
our schools and colleges. Bowdoin should be fully
represented.



LIBRARY BOOKS RECENTLY ADDED.



Julicher, Adolf. An Introduction to the New
Testament.

This work, by an eminent German critic, gives a
detailed history of the New Testament writings. It
is written in the German manner, that is, with great
attention to detail and precision of statement but
throughout quite free from any unnecessary display
of learning. Professor Julicher is grouped with
Professor Harnack, who recently made a visit to
this country, as among the foremost writers in this
field of Biblical criticism. The book is here trans-
lated from the second German edition and is sup-
plied with a prefatory note by Mrs. Humphrey
Ward. (225: J 94)

Spearman, F. H. The Strategy of Great RaiU
roads.

An account of the founding and extension of the
great railroad systems in the United States, includ-



ing a survey of the Vanderbilt, Pennsylvania, Har-
nman. Hill, Gould and other lines. Mr. Spearman
is well-informed in regard to railroad history, but
he has added to the historical account something of
the men who founded the systems, as well as some-
thing about the problems that are incessantly con-
fronting the managers of the great railroads.
(38S : S 74)

Johnston, R. M. The Napoleonic Empire in
Southern Italy.

Professor Johnston is the author of a biography
of Napoleon which has been mentioned in a recent
issue of the Oriknt. He has made a special study
of this period in European history and his books on
the Napoleonic era have already been given high
rank. These two volumes aim especially to indi-
cate the result of the French conquest of Southern
Italy and to show how much this conquest contrib-
uted, through the organization of secret societies, to
the idea of national unity among the Italians.
(944.05: J 63)

Jenks, Tudor. In the Days of Shakespeare.

The main purpose of this little volume is to pre-
sent to the reader, so far as this is possible, the facts
about the person and environment of Shakespeare.
The titles of two chapters — "The successful plav-
wright and his London" and "A day with Shakes-
peare"— -will serve to show the character of the book.
There is considerable comment, also, on the plays
but this is made subordinate to the interest in
Shakespeare and his relation to his period. (822.-
33 B 9)

Connolly, J. B. The Seiners.

Mr. Connolly is auite at home in writing of the
sea and especially in describing the life of the
Gloucester fishermen. In this story he has taken
his characters from among the fishermen and he has
added to the interest of the story by introducing
descriptions of events on board the seiners.
(813.49: C 77)



MAINE SCHEDULE.

Manager Campbell of the University of Maine
has announced the following schedule:

April 22 — Exeter at Exeter.

April 24 — Dartmouth at Hanover.

April 25 — University of Vermont at Burlington.

April 29 — Dexter at Orono.

May 1 — N. H. State College at Durham.

May 2— Tufts at Medford.

May 3 — Yale at New Haven.

May 5 — Game pending.

May 6 — Game pending.

may 10 — Bates at Orono.

May 17 — Colby at Waterville.

May 20 — Bates at Lewiston.

May 25— Tufts at Orono.

May 2.7 — Colby at Orono.

May 31— N. H. State at Orono.

June 5 — Bowdoin at Brunswick.



274



BOWDOIN ORIENT.



©bituan*.

CLASS OF 1850.
The Hon. Francis Adams, '50, died Sunday in
Bath at the age of 80. Mr. Adams was for many
years president of the Sagadahoc County Bar Asso-
ciation and engaged in active law practice for more
than 40 years. While at college, his closest per-
sonal friend was Senator William P. Frye. Owing
to rapidly declining health he retired from practice
a few years ago.

CLASS OF 1864.
Charles Curtis, Ph.D., Class of 1864, died at his
home in Livingston. N. Y., on January 22. Dr.
Curtis was 70 years old. He leaves a wife and two
children. He taught on Long Island and in New
Jersey for several years, then he went to New
York City where he taught for twenty-five years. On
account of his failing health Dr. Curtis resigned
his position last year and moved to Livingston
where he has been living with his son.



1fn jflDemoriam.



Whereas, God, in His infinite wisdom, has seen
fit to remove from the midst of his family and
friends, Bro. Harry L. Small, M.D., of the Class of
nineteen hunderd four of the Medical School of
Maine, at the very beginning of his professional
career, be it hereby

Resolved, That, through the death of Brother
Small, the medical fraternity of Phi Chi has lost a
true and honored alumnus and the medical profes-
sion an esteemed and earnest worker ; and that we,
the members of the Gamma chapter of the Phi Chi
fraternity, express our sense of loss which the fra-
ternity has sustained. And be it further

Resolved, That we extend to the family and
friends of the deceased our sincere sympathy with
them in their bereavement. And be it further

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be
sent to the family of the deceased and to the Bow-
doin Orient, and that they be spread upon the
records of the Gamma chapter of the fraternity.
W. H. Sherman, M. '05.
W. J. Roberts, M. '06,
H. C. Barrows, M. '06,
Committee on Resolutions.



Hlumni personals.



CLASS OF 1872.

On December 15, the Congregational Church at
Muskogee, Indian Territory, of which Rev. W. F.
Bickford, '72, is pastor, dedicated a fine new
church edifice, It is interesting to note that on
this occasion the sermon was delivered by Rev. O.
W. Rogers, '72, a classmate of Mr. Bickford.



CLASS OF 1873.
David A. Robinson. '73, was recently nominated
by the Republicans of Bangor for mayor by an
overwhelming majority. Nomination has been
equivalent to election in recent years and we sin-
cerely hope that this rule will hold this year.

CLASS OF 1876.

The Boston Transcript says : "Mr. I. M. Gaugen-
gigl, in his portrait of Mr. Oliver Crocker Stevens,
has, without doubt, touched his highest point in
portraiture. It is of life-size, nearly full-length, and
of a rich tonality between the background and
accessories, the prevailing tint being of rich, sub-
dued purples, greens and crimsons. The portrait
is a sparkling and genial expression of the keen
incisive glance of a bright, smiling face, and the
effect is such that the picture would arrest atten-
tion beyond the circle of personal friends of the
subject."

CLASS OF 1877.

Governor Cobb, accompanied by Company M of
Westbrook of the state militia, will attend the inau-
guration of President Roosevelt at Washington,
March 4.

CLASS OF 1894.

On January 25 a son was born to Mrs. and Mr.
F. G. Farrington of Augusta.

CLASS OF 1897.

On Tuesday evening, January 31. occurred the
marriage of Nell Ethaleen Flournoy to Stephen
Osgood Andros, '97, at Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Mr. and Mrs. Andros will reside in Oroville, Cal.

Harry M. Varrell is teaching in Pueblo, Col.

CLASS OF 1899.
Invitations have been received from Mr. and
Mrs. A. V. Eastman, of Lake Charles, La., to the
marriage of their daughter, Emma N., February 22,
to Edward R. Godfrey, '99, of that place, formerly
of Bangor.

CLASS OF 1901.
The engagement of Miss Kittie Florence John-
son to Edward T. Fenley was announced last week.

CLASS OF 1903.
The engagement of Miss Tulla Bowman to
George S. Sabin was announced last week.



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east of Boston.

Private Dining Rooms on
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CATERING

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Our Combination Course costs no more for tuition than
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Catalogue free. F- L- SHAW, Pres.



BOWDOIN ORIENT.



VOL. XXXIV.



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 24, 1905.



NO. 26.



AN EXPERIMENT IN RELIGIOUS INSTRUC-
TION IN A COLLEGE.

President Hyde delivered the principal address
at the afternoon session of the Religious Educa-
tional Association, Thursday, February 16, taking
for his subject "An Experiment in'Religious Instruc-
tion in a Coliege." President Hyde's speech will be
particularly interesting to the members of the
Senior Class who wish to know the results of the
experiment. The speaker said in part :

By religious instruction I mean the real thing —
the direct presentation of religious truth ; not any
one of the many approaches to it, or substitutes for
it, or evasions of it; like the Bible considered as
literature; or church history as an aspect of univer-
sal history; or Christian ethics as a phase of ethics
in general.

Obviously there are difficulties in the way. It
cannot be dogmatic. An average class, for example
my own this year, includes the Congregationalist
and the Universalist, the Baptist and the Methodist,
the Episcopalian and the Unitarian, the Catholic and
the Hebrew. All come with views that deserve to
be respected ; principles which it is the professor's
duty not to destroy but to fulfil.

I will give you the result of an experiment I have
been trying in one form or another for some 20
years ; a description of what my class has been doing
for the past month. First I drew up a syllabus of
20 topics, covering the vital truths of religion, as
follows: 1. The facts of the world, and the possi-
ble principles of their interpretation. 2. The con-
ception of God. 3. The historic representative of
God. 4. The pretence of God in humanity. 5.
The literary expression of religion. 6. The
institutional embodiment of religion. 7. Relig-
ious aspiration and depression. 8. Justification by
aspiration. 9. The answer to prayer. 10. The
authority of duty. 11. The inevitablehess of sacri-
fice. 12. The nature of sin. 13. The. opportunity
of repentance. 14. The assurance of forgiveness.
15. Rewards and penalties. 16. The future of the
world and the hope of immortality. 17. Love as
the universal solvent of social problems. 18.
Evangelism. 19. The mission and the settlement.
20. Religious education.

One or two of these topics were discussed infor-
mally in the class each day. All sorts of objections,
all kinds of questions were invited and considered.
There was no disposition to dogmatise : no attempt
to be orthodox ; no dragging in of extraneous con-
siderations to give a semblance of proof to otherwise
incredible propositions. At the conclusion of the
course each member of the class was required to
write a thesis covering these 20 topics expressing
his own views. The test of excellence was to be not
the orthodoxy of the view presented : but the rational
unity, the logical coherence with which the views,
whatever they might be, were shown to spring from



and develop out of a ventral principle common to
them. all.

What are the results of this experiment? What
may we reasonably expect as the outcome?

First, we shall get the greatest diversity of non-
essentials. The Catholic will be a Catholic still ; the
Unitarian will be a Unitarian still. I doubt whether
in 20 years of such instruction any person has con-
sciously and deliberately changed his ecclesiastical
relationships as the result of instruction and discus-
sion in the class-room. If they did, it would be evi-
dence that as a public institution we were not deal-
ing fairly by the pupils intrusted to us. From those
communions which are most in earnest about relig-
ion we should receive no more students, if we were
suspected of the attempt to proselyte.

Someone may ask, "What is the use of spending
three or four weeks on these topics if men come
out with the same views as those with which they
started ?" They are the same in verbal statement
and ecclesiastical label. But they are different in
depth and breadth, in scope and charity. The Uni-
versalist is a deeper Universalist ; the Episcopalian is
a more tolerant Epsicopalian, the Methodist is a
more rational Methodist; the Congregationalist is a
more spiritual Congregationalist ; the Hebrew is a
more sympathetic Hebrew; the Catholic is a more
ethical Catholic; for having discussed these great
themes in an atmosphere of earnestness and candor
and reverence.

That two radically different faiths should alto-
gether fuse was not to be expected. But all the
Christians, widely as they differed on many points,
were practically united in the main spirit of our
common American Christianity. Any one of them
who should live up to his professed ideal of religion
would be at once a worker with Christ for the spirit-
ual welfare of the world, and a partaker with him
in the divine life.

Two years ago we reduced these common points
of spiritual affinity to formal expression in a creed
to which the entire class of 60 gave assent; and
while the creed thus composed was not as compre-
hensive and explicit at certain points as one might
wish, yet if universally adopted and lived out, it
would make this earth a heaven within a single
generation ; which is perhaps as good a test of ortho-
doxy as any.

Man is by nature religious. Truth has an affin-
ity for the human mind. Whoever will trust implic-
itly in the intrinsic persuasiveness of the truth and
the inherent honesty of youth ; and strive in candor
and reverence to bring together the truth of God
and the mind and heart of young men, will find that
religious instruction is not only possible and practi-
cable in the midst of the greatest diversity of views ;
but also the most interesting and profitable portion
of the college curriculum. Some of his students
will believe more than he: some will believe less; all
will believe differently. But they are all sure to



276



BOWDOIN ORIENT.



gain the great ends at which religious instruction
really aims ; more reverence for their common
Heavenly Father, more respect for each other, more
loyalty to the Spirit of Christ, more readiness to live
pure lives and do good work in the world.



BRADBURY PRIZE DEBATE.

The annual Bradbury prize debate for the award-
ing of the prize of $60 provided by the will of James
Ware Bradbury, Class of 1825, was held Monday
evening in Memorial Hall. The debate was also
held for the purpose of selecting the debating team
which will debate Amherst March 24. The question
under discussion was : That the recommendation of
President Roosevelt, that the Interstate Commerce
Commission be empowered to fix railroad rates,
subject to judicial review, ought to be adopted.

H. E. Mitchell opened the debate with a brief
history of the Interstate Commerce law and com-
mission. He then defined the question to read that
the commission should be given power to regulate
rates on complaint, the regulation to take effect not
later than sixty days from the date of decision.
Finding the clash of opinion to be whether or not
the existent evils need to be remedied and
whether or not the proposed remedy was the best
possible if there was such need, Mr. Mitchell hast-
ened on to argue that there was definite need of
railroad regulation. He pointed out that nearly all
of the railroads of the country are controlled by
five men., who demand for transportation, not what
is just, but what they can get. These same mag-
nates by their discriminating power, exert a tremen-
dous control over industry. The Interstate Com-
merce Commission, as it exists to-day, is powerless
to control extortionate rates, and powerless to
enforce the long and short haul clause.

E. S. Harvey opened for the negative. After
outlining his own policy and that of his colleagues
he maintained that there was no need for the adop-
tion of the President's recommendation. He said
that railroad rates have decreased in recent years;
that the publishing of rates constrains the railroads;
and that the practice of cutting rates has disap-
peared.

F. J. Redman, the second speaker for the affirm-
ative, argued that the adoption of President
Roosevelt's recommendation would be effective in
remedying the evils which his colleague had pointed
out. The commission, he thought, would be fair
and equable, much more so at any rate than railroad
magnates. Moreover, the very fact of the author-
ity of the commission would frighten many evils
away.

H. P. Boody, continuing the negative argu-
ment, thought the interstate commerce commission
was not a suitable body to be vested with such
power, as it constantly exceeded its jurisdiction.
He thought this would inflict hardship upon com-
mercial industry along the transportation lines, and
that it was a superhuman task to arrange all the
rates of the country.

F. A. Pierce in closing for the affirmative,
demolished the preceding speaker's arguments, and



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