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training in agronomy and animal science. The following classes should be in-
cluded: Agr. Econ. 325, 410, 460, 490R, 570; Agron. 151, 282; An. Sci. 153,
207; Econ. 301, 302; Bus. Mgt. 301, 361, 458 and/or Acctg. 301, 302, 342, 420.
Additional supporting classes are recommended from the following areas: ac-
counting, agricultural economics, agronomy, animal science, business manage-
ment, and economics.

Food Industries Management. The basic training needed in this option is in
business management and economics, with enough chemistry, animal/food sci-
ence and microbiology courses to provide a sound scientific background. Stu-
dents selecting this option will follow either the Agr. Econ. -An. Sci. or the
Agr. Econ.-FSN sequence below:

Agr. Ek;on.-An. Sci. Sequence Agr. EJcon.-FSN Sequence

Agr. Econ. 320, 330, 410, 460, 570 Agr. Econ. 320, 330, 410, 460, 570

An. Sci. 207, 311, 328, 525, and 8 FSN 235, 264, 265, 461, 462, 463

hours from 221, 325, 361, 365, 374, An. Sci. 328, 525

378, 507 Chem. 102, 103

FSN 264, 265, 461 Micro. 321, 322, 361

Chem. 102, 103 Bio. Agr. Ed. 105 or Zool. 105

Micro. 321, 322, 361, or 371 Org. Behav. 321

Bio. Agr. Ed. 105 or Zool. 105 Bus. Mgt. (12 hrs. required for mi-
Org. Behav. 321 nor) 301, 361, 443, 454, 456, 458,

Bus. Mgt. (12 hrs. required for mi- 462, 463

nor) 301, 361, 443, 454, 456, 458,

462, 463

Note: Agr. Econ. 112 is prerequisite to all other Agr. Econ. courses.

Courses

(HEeononiics 111, 112. Introduction to Economic Principles and Problems. (3:3:0

ea.)

112. Economics and Agriculture. (3:3:0) (G-SS m)

Basic economic principles and problems, with special reference to agri-
cultural firms and industry.

□ Economics 301. Income Analysis. (3:3:0)

□ Economics 302. Price Analysis. (3:3:0)

□ Economics 311. Theory of Income, Employment, and the Price Level. (3:3:0)

□ Economics 312. Theory of Price. (3:3:0)

320. Agribusiness Organization and Finance. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisite: Agr. Econ.
112 or consent of instructor. Wood

Principles of agribusiness finance and credit; forms of agribusiness or-
ganization.



AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 111



325. Farm and Ranch Management. (4:3:2) Home Study also, (m) Prerequi-
site: Agr. Econ. 112. Corbridge
Principles of optimum resource combinations; manual-computer solutions;
farm records; budgeting procedures.

330. Applied Quantitative Methods in Agribusiness. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Stat.
221. Wood

Computational techniques and computer applications useful in making
management decisions.

□ Accounting 342. An Introduction to Commercial Law. (3:3:0)

350A,B. Land and Range Economics. (3:3:0 ea.) (G-SS m)

Settlement, use, ownership, tenure, control, and management of land;
organization of land agencies; land policies. A — public and private lands;
B — American Indian lands.

355A,B- Rural Development Economics. (3:3:0 ea.) (G-SS) Prerequisite: Agr.
Econ. 112 or equivalent.

Economic policies, principles, agencies, and programs which contribute to
the solution of rural economic problems. A — rural communities; B — Ameri-
can Indian reservations.

410A,B' Agricultural Marketing. (3:3:0 ea.) Home Study also, (m) Carpenter
Economic principles, policies, institutions, practices, and problems in mar-
keting. A — major agricultural products; B — livestock and livestock prod-
ucts.

425. Farm Appraisal and Finance. (3:3:0) Home Study also, (m) Corbridge
Principles of appraisal; credit sources; instruments of property transfer.

450. Natural Resource Economics. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Prerequisite: Agr. Econ. 112
or equivalent. Infanger

Economic principles underlying utilization and conservation of natural re-
sources.

460. Public Programs, Policies, and Agriculture. (2:2:0) Carpenter, Infanger

Analysis of the impacts of public programs, policies and issues, external
forces, and institutions that affect farm and ranch managers and the ag-
ricultural industry.

490R. Seminar. (1:1:0) (m)

520. Management of Ranch Resources. (3:2:2) (m) Prerequisites: senior or gradu-
ate standing and consent of instructor. (Corbridge, Shumway, Vallentine

Team-taught range science, animal science, and agricultural economics.
Commercial ranch case study. Management plan developed, consisting of
maximum^ profit practices and enterprise combinations.

521. Management of Cropland Resources. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: senior or gradu-
ate standing and consent of instructor. Corbridge, Robinson

Team-taught agronomy and agricultural economics. Commercial farm
case study. Management plan developed, consisting of maximum profit
practices and enterprise combinations.

570A,B,C,D. Advanced Topics in Agricultural Economics. (1-3:1-3:0 ea.) Prerequi-
site: consent of instructor.

A — marketing; B — policy; C — computer applications; D — international ag-
riculture.

595R. Individual Readings. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.)

597R. Individual Readings. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.)

598R. Supervised Field Project. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.) Prerequisite: approval of
supervisor.

Supervised on-the-job training while in the employment of an agribusi-
ness firm. Requires a written report on some aspect of the business op-
eration.



112 AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE



Agronomy

and
Hortioulture



Professors: Allred, Farnsworth, Laws, Robison (Chairman, 275 WIDB), Walker.
Associate Professors: Ashton (emeritus), Reimschiissel.
Assistant Professor: Williams.
Special Instructor: Woodward.

Agronomy and Horticulture

It is the aim of this department to give students training in the fundamental
principles and modern scientific methods of agriculture, including the production
of food and fiber crops and soil and water conservation and management. Train-
ing is also given in the production of ornamental plants, flowers, and green-
house crops as well as the crops usually grown in the fields and orchards. Land-
scape planning and design and the maintenance of parks and recreation areas
are also included in the curriculum of this department.

Students may elect to major in either agronomy or horticulture. Excellent
laboratory, greenhouse, orchard, and field facilities are available to support un-
dergraduate studies for the B.S. degree and graduate studies at the master's
level in this department. Graduates interested in further study are encour-
aged to go to one of the state universities for graduate work at the doctorate
level.

Agronomy deals with the scientific principles and practices of field crop pro-
duction, crop ecology, and physiology and crop improvement; and with the fer-
tility, irrigation, management, and conservation of soils.

Horticulture deals with the production, handling, processing, and storing of
fruit and vegetable crops and with flowers and other ornamental plants. Land-
scape planning and design for home and community beautification, turf and
park management, and greenhouse and nursery operations are also included.

In these subject matter fields, knowledge of the basic principles of the bio-
logical and physical sciences is applied to the management of soils and the
production of food, fiber, and ornamental plants. Emphasis is given to basic
scientific principles and modem methods of practical application.

Opportunities

A wide variety of employment opportunities are open to students who complete
the requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree in either agronomy or
horticulture. Some graduates go into the farming or fruit-growing business.
Others find employment in businesses related to agriculture, such as the food
production and processing industries, and the fertilizer and chemical industries.
Still others find employment with such government agencies as the Soil Con-
servation Service, the Agricultural Research Service, the Forest Service, or other
land-managing agencies. Some graduates enter the teaching profession or serve
as county agricultural agents for the state extension service, or as consultants
or field agents for private industry or governmental agencies.

A substantial percentage of the graduates in agronomy and horticulture
prepare themselves for further study toward an advanced degree. Specialized
scientific training which is required for the Ph.D. degree enhances one's oppor-



AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE 113



tunities for research and college teaching as well as specialized types of work
with private industry and government agencies. Graduates who take advanced
training for the doctor's degree usually find excellent opportunities for profes-
sional employment.

Departmental Requirements

Students who major in either agronomy or horticulture will be expected to
fulfill all of the requirements set forth under the general education program
and also those listed under Graduation Requirements in this catalog. They will
be expected also to complete a minimum of twenty-six hours of course work and
two hours of seminar in their major.

A minor is not required, but a substantial number of supporting courses
in fields closely related to the major are required. A strong preparation in
mathematics and the physical and biological sciences is recommended for those
who major in agronomy or horticulture.

At least half of the credit for the major in either agronomy or horticulture
must be taken at Brigham Young University, and no "D" credit in the major
will be counted toward fulfillment of this requirement.

Agronomy Major

Students who major in agronomy will be required to take the following courses:
Agron. 151, 282, 305, 440, 491R.

Horticulture Major

Students who major in horticulture may choose to specialize in fruit and vege-
table production (Option 1) or in ornamental horticulture (Option 2).

All majors in horticulture are required to take the following courses: Agron.
282; Hort. 102, 103, 471, 491R.

Option 1 — Fruit and Vegetable Production. In addition to the basic core courses
listed above, the following courses are required of students who select this
option: Agron. 305, 331; Hort. 310, 340, 351, 352, 412.

Option 2 — Ornamental Horticulture. This option includes studies in floriculture;
nursery, greenhouse, and turf management; landscape design, planting, and
maintenance; and the development and management of parks and recreational
areas.

In addition to the basic core courses required of all majors in horticulture,
the following courses are required of those who wish to specialize in the various
phases of ornamental horticulture:

Floriculture and Greenhouse Production

Hort. 112, 207, 318, 475.
Nursery Production

Agron. 302, 331.

Hort. 207, 317, 412, 430.
Turf Production

Agron. 331.

Hort. 317, 318, 319, 430, 475.

Supporting Courses Required in Lieu of a Minor (Agronomy and Horticulture

Majors)
Hort. 102, 340; or 351, 352.
Bot. 101.

Chem. 102, 103, 384, 385; or 105, 106, 151, 384, 385.
Math. 105, 106.

Additional Supporting Courses Recommended

Choose from among the following:
Agr. Econ. 112, 325, 330, 410.
An. Sci. 121, 153, 207, 221, 335, 340, 361.
Bot. 110. 321, 376, 440, 450, 480.



114 AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE



Chem. 223.
Physics 201, 202.
Stat. 221.

Agribusiness Option

The following courses are recommended in addition to the courses required for a
major in the various phases of agronomy and horticulture: Acctg. 201, 202; Bus.
Mgt. 241, 256, 455.

A student majoring in recreation in the College of Physical Education who
desires training in the maintenance of parks and recreation areas should reg-
ister for 14 or more hours selected from the following: Hort. 102, 103, 317, 318,
319, 430, 475.

Courses

102. Plant Propagation. (3:2:2) (m)

Introduction to propagation of plants by seeds, cuttings, budding, and
grafting, with special emphasis on fruit and ornamental plants.

103. Home Landscape Design. (3:3:0) (m) Reimschiissel

Principles of design and composition as applied to home ground develop-
ment and related plant culture and maintenance.

112. Floral Design. (2:1:2) Reimschiissel

Principles and methods of arranging flowers and other plant materials
for decorative use in the home and for exhibition.

151. Field Crop Production. (4:3:2) (m) Williams

Crop production principles, soil-plant relationships, classification and
distribution of farm crops, corn and small grain improvement, tillage, and
crop rotation.

207. Floriculture. (3:2:3) (m) Reimschiissel

Herbaceous plant culture in the greenhouse and out-of-doors.

282. General Soils. (4:3:3) (m) Recommended: high school chemistry or one
semester of college chemistry. Walker

An introductory course dealing with the physical, chemical, and micro-
biological properties of soils.

302. Irrigation and Drainage. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisites: Agron. 282; Math. 101
or 105.

Proper use of irrigation waters; water supply; water measurements;
drainage and alkali; drainage systems.

303. Soil Genesis, Classification, and Siu"vey. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisite: Agron.
282. Recommended: Geol. 111. Woodward

Influence of geologic forces, climatic environment, and vegetation on the
morphology and development of soils. Methods of soil classification and
survey.

305. Soil Fertility. (4:3:3) (m) Prerequisites: Agron. 282 and one semester
inorganic chemistry (102 or higher).

Principles of soil fertility, commercial fertilizers, farm manures, green
manures, and crop rotations in crop production. Soil chemical analysis,
soil testing, and soil alkali.

308. Soil and Water Conservation. (2:2:0) (m)

Principles of soil and water conservation, erosion control, and land use
for the maintenance of soil fertility and permanent agricultural production.

310. Small-Fruit Production. (2:2:0) (m)

Methods of propagating, planting, growing, and handling grapes, straw-
berries, and other bush-type fruits for home and commercial plantings are
considered. Offered 1973 and alternate years.



AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE 115



317. Nursery Management. (2:1:2) Prerequisite: Hort. 102 or 103 or equiva-
lent. Reimschiissel

Principles underlying the profitable management of a nursery: site, soil,
culture, handling of nursery stock, transplanting, propagation, and pest
problems. Offered 1972 and alternate years.

318. Greenhouse Management. (4:2:4) Prerequisite: Hort. 207 or equivalent.

Reimschiissel

319. Turf Management. (2:1:2) (m) Prerequisite: Hort. 207 or equivalent.

Reimschiissel

The management of turf grasses as related to climate, soil, and use on

the golf course, park, and private areas. Offered 1973 and alternate years.

331. Weed Control. (3:3:2) (m) Recommended: Agron. 151, 282. Robison

Cultural, chemical, and biological methods of weed control.

340. Vegetable Crops. (3:2:2) (m) Williams

Selection, cultural practices, harvesting, storing, and marketing of vege-
table crops.

351,352. Fruit Production. (3:2:3 ea.) Prerequisite: Hort. 102.

Fundamentals of fruit production, including status of the industry,
varieties, fruiting habits, cultural practices, pruning, spraying, harvesting,
and storage. Emphasis will be given to the establishment and maintenance
of deciduous orchards.

412. Orchard Management. (2:1:3)

Recent developments in horticulture practices will be considered, and
special emphasis will be given to the establishment and management of
commercial orchards.

414. Soil Microbiology. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisites: Micro. 121; Agron. 282.

Walker
Designed to acquaint the student with microorganisms in relation to
soil fertility; the activity and types of organisms in the rhizosphere; the
biological processes in the soil.

430. Landscape and Planting Design. (3:0:6) (m) Prerequisite: Hort. 103.
Recommended: drawing. Reimschiissel

Designs and plant combinations for private and public grounds using
woody and herbaceous plants. Offered 1973 and alternate years.

440. Forage Crops and Pasture Management. (4:3:2) (m) Recommended:
Agron. 151. Robison

Plant characteristics, methods of production and utilization of forage
crops, and utilization of irrigated and dry land pastures.

457. Ecology of Weeds and Crops. (2:2:0) (m)

Field study of important grasses, legumes, other agronomic crops, and
weeds; adaptation to soil, moisture, light, and other environmental con-
ditions; growth characteristics, utilization, and control.

459. Plant Breeding. (2:2:0) (m) Prerequisites: Bot. 276, 376, or Zool. 276.

Robison
Principles of breeding and selection; practices and methods of hybridiza-
tion for development of improved varieties of crop plants.

471. Pest Control in Orchards and Field Crops. (3:3:0) Recommended: Agron.
151 or Hort. 351; Zool. 235, 331 or 534.

Cultural, chemical, and biological methods and machines used in the
control of pests and diseases of orchards and field crops.

475. Maintenance of Parks and Recreation Areas. (4:3:2) Prerequisite: Bot.

101 or Hort. 102 or 103. Reimschiissel

General maintenance of lawns and herbaceous and woody plants in a



116 AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE



city is considered. (Recommended for those who minor in horticulture
with emphasis in park planning and management.)

491R. Seminar. (1:1:0 ea.)

For majors in the senior year. Current literature in agronomy and horti-
culture is reviewed.

497R. Special Problems. (1-2:1-2:0 ea.)

Seniors specializing in agronomy or horticulture may conduct research
on a special problem.

511. Soil Physics. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisites: Agron. 282; Math. 101 or 105;
one semester inorganic chemistry 102 or higher) . Laws

Physical properties of soils and their effects upon air, water, and tem-
perature in relation to soil management and crop production.

520. Saline and Alkali Soils. (3:1:6) (m) Prerequisites: Agron. 302, 305.

Physical and chemical properties of saline and alkali soils — their diag-
nosis, reclamation, and management for crop production.

540. Advanced Crop Production. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisites: Agron. 151, 305,
459; Bot. 440. Robison

Basic concepts in plant-soil-climatic relationships, with emphasis on
recent advances in crop culture and management.

550. Advanced Horticulture. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisites: Hort. 318 or 340 or
351, and 352; Bot. 440.

Fundamental principles relating to horticultural practices and physio-
logical development.

560. Soil and Plant Analysis. (2:0:6) Prerequisites: Agron. 305; Chem. 223.

Laws
Laboratory chemical analysis of soils and plant materials in soil and
plant research.

598R. Conferences and Reports. (1-2:1-2:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of in-
structor. Walker
605. Chemistry of Soil-Plant Relationships. (4:3:3) Laws
Offered 1972 and alternate years.

607. Soil Physical Conditions. (3:3:0) Laws

Offered 1973 and alternate years.

614. Advanced Soil Microbiology. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Agron. 305; Micro. 121;
Chem. 223. Walker

659. Advanced Plant Breeding. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: Agron. 459. Robison

694R. Seminar. (1:1:0 ea.)

697R. Research. (Arr. ea.)

699R. Thesis for Master's Degree. (6-9: Arr.: Arr. ea.)



AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES 117



American
Indian




Associate Professor: Royce P. Flandro (Coordinator, 120 BRMB).

The American Indian Studies Program is an interdepartmental and intercollege
program, which, in combination with a major in one of the departments of the
University, leads to a bachelor's degree.

There is a need for professionally trained and qualified persons from many
disciplines to work with and among Indian people. All students who plan to
prepare themselves to work with Indian people should select a professional or
occupational major and supplement this with a program in Indian Studies.

American Indian Studies is open to any student in the University; it is es-
pecially designed for students who desire an understanding of Indian life and
problems. This preparation should thereby enhance their professional effective-
ness among native Americans.

Requirements for a Minor

The completion of certain core courses and limited electives to total at least 15
semester hours are required for a minor in American Indian Studies.

Core Courses

1. Anthropology 105, Introduction to Social Anthropology — 3 credit hours.

2. Anthropology 317, Native Peoples of North America — 3 credit hours; 318, Na-
tive Peoples of Middle America — 2 credit hours; 319, Native Peoples of
South America — 2 credit hours.

3. Anthropology 320, The North American Indian Today — 2 credit hours.

Electives

Electives may be chosen from the courses listed below. Students should plan
these choices with their departmental adviser and the Indian Studies coordina-
tor.

Anthropology

317 (3) Native Peoples of North America

318 (2) Native Peoples of Middle America

319 (2) Native Peoples of South America
325 (3) Peasant Societies of Latin America

430 (3) Moral and Ritual Institutions

431 (3) Systems of Kinship and Marriage

432 (3) Political and Legal Institutions — Primitive Peoples

433 (3) Economic Institutions

Archaeology

350 (3) Ancient History and Civilizations of Middle America
355 (3) Mesoamerican Archaeology
365 (3) Archaeology of South America
375 (3) Archaeology of North America
415 (3) Southwestern Archaeology



118 AMERICAN INDIAN STUDIES



Geography


101


(3)


102


(1)


231


(3)


450


(3)


455


(3)


580


(2)



Art

401 (2) Ancient and Primitive Art

Clothing and Textiles
221 (2) Weaving

General Curriculum

107 (3) Contemporary Issues in Indian Affairs

Introduction to Geography

Introduction to Geography Laboratory

Economic Geography

North America

Latin America

Geography of Underdeveloped Areas

History

351 (3) History of Latin America I

352 (3) History of Latin America II
364 (2) The Indian in American History

Linguistics

101 (4) First-Year Navajo

301B (4) Audio-Lingual Study of an Uncommon Language — American Indian

Modern Social Problems

Racial and Minority Group Relations

Population Problems

Introduction to the Sociology of Religion

Theory of Social Change and Motivation

Introduction to Social Psychology

Collective Behavior

Deviance and Social Control

Community Organization, Action, and Planning

Rural Social Development in Latin America

The Family Institution



Sociology


112


(3)


223


(2)


245


(3)


325


(3)


330


(3)


350


(3)


352


(2)


380


(3)


471


(2)


537


(2)


540


(2)



ANIMAL SaENCE 119



Animal




Professors: Cannon, Hoopes, Orme, Shumway (Chairman, 375 WIDE), Wallentine.
Associate Professors: Gardner, Park.
Assistant Professors: Call, Johnston, Smith.
Instructors: Andrus, Kellogg, Mikkelsen, Pace.

The Department of Animal Science offers training for the following activities:
(1) government agricultural positions; (2) graduate study; (3) positions in the
meat, dairy, and food industries; (4) practical livestock farming and manage-
ment; (5) veterinary school; and (6) agricultural teaching.

A minimum of 28 credit hours of course work in animal science is required
for a major. Transfer students majoring in animal science must earn at least
14 credits in their major field while in residence at Brigham Young University.
Preveterinary students will find special instructions listed under the College of
Biological and Agricultural Sciences in this catalc^.

The animal science major should study the three curriculum options listed
below and choose the one which seems best suited to his needs. This may well
be done after counseling with an adviser.



The Major in Animal Science

Business and Industry Option

A. Required

An. Sci. 121 or equivalent*, 153,
207, 221 or 361, 311, 492, 507
or 515.

Agr. Econ. 325, 410B.

Agron. 151 or 282.

Biol. sci. — Zool. 105 or equivalent;
Micro. 321 or Bot. 101 or Bio.
Agr. Ed. 201.

Phys. sci. — Chem. 102, 103 or equiv-
alent.

Math., stat., logic, and sci. — Math.
105 or 108; Agr. Econ. 330.

Soc. sci. — ^Agr. Econ. 112 or Econ.
112.

Acctg. 201, 202.

Org. Behav. 321.

Bus. Mgt. 301.

*3 production or processing classes.

B. Suggested Electives

An. sci. — all listed courses.



Agr. Econ. 350B, 460, 425, 520.

Agron. 302, 305, 440.

Bot. 365, 462, 466.

Biol, sci.— Zool. 417; Micro. 361,

371; Bot. 450.
Math., stat., logic, and sci. — Math.

109.
Acctg. 232.
Bus. Mgt. 361, 458.
Comput. Sci. 130, 231.

Science Option
A. Required

An. Sci. 121 or equivalent, 153,

207, 311, 492, 507 or 515.
Agron. 282.
Biol. sci. — Bio. Agr. Ed. 201 or

equivalent.
Phys. sci. — Chem. 105, 106, 151 or

equivalent.
Soc. sci. — Agr. Econ. 112.
Math., stat., logic, and sci. — Math.

105 and 106 or 111; Agr. Econ.

330 or Math. 109.



120 ANIMAL SCIENCE

B. Suggested Electives Phys. sci. — Chem. 223, 384, and

An. sci. — all listed courses. 385; Physics 201, 202.



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