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Agron. 305, 440. Math., stat., logic, and sci. — Math.

Bot. 365. 109; Stat. 336, 337; Phil. 101.

Biol, sci.— Zool. 203, 380, 376, 465, Engl. 316.

483; Micro. 321, 322, 331; Bot. Comput. Sci. 130, 231.

376, 450.

Food Industries Management Option

Food production, processing, packaging, and distribution constitute one of
America's largest industries. A shortage of trained personnel currently exists
in these industries; therefore, excellent employment opportunities are available
for prepared graduates.

Students trained in food industries management are prepared for careers in
the business and management phases of companies and agencies involved in
the production, processing, conversion, packaging, and distribution of all food
products.

The food industries management option gives the student a double major
in agricultural economics and animal science, as well as a minor in business
management. The basic training is in the business, economic, and management
area of food industries, with enough science courses to provide a sound scien-
tific basis for decision making.

Courses: Agricultural Economics — Animal Science Hours

Agr. Econ. 112, 320, 330, 410A,B, 460, 570A,B,C,D 20

An. Sci. 207, 311, 328, 525, and 8 hrs. from 221, 325, 361, 365,

374, 378, 492, 507 21

FSN 264, 265, 461 8

Acctg. 201, 202 6

Chem. 102, 103 6

Micro. 321, 332, 361 or 371 6

Math. 105 or 108 3-4

Bio. Agr. Ed. 105 or Zool. 105 3

Org. Behav. 321 3

Bus. Mgt. (12 hrs. required for minor) 301, 361, 443, 454, 456,

458, 462, 463 12

General education 35

Electives 4-5



Total hours 128

Suggested Courses — Animal Science Major

Freshman Year Sophomore Year

Industry Science Industry Science

(Hours) (Hours) (Hours) (Hours)

English 3 3 Religion 4 4

Relig. 121, 122 4 4 An. Sci. 207 3 3

Health 130 2 2 An. Sci. 221 3

Math. 101, 105, or An. Sci. electives 3-6 3

108 3-4 3-4 Chem. 151 5

Chem. 102, 103 6 P.E. 1 1

Chem. 105, 106 8 Agron. or Agr. Econ. 4 4

P.E. 1 1 Math. 106 3

An. Sci. 121 3 3 Biol, science 6 6

An. Sci. 153 3 3 Electives 6-7 5

Electives 7 6

Total hours 30-34 34

Total hours 32-33 33-34



ANIMAL SCIENCE 121



Courses

GBiological and Agricultural Education 105. Agricultural Science and Industry.

(3:3:0)

121. Principles of Animal Production. (3:3:3) Johnston

Methods of management and production of animals and animal products.

153. Fundamentals of Animal Breeding. (3:3:0) Park

Principles involved in breeding animals, including physiology of repro-
duction, heredity, variation, selection, and systems of breeding.

207. Feeds and Feeding. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: algebra; Chem. 102; or equiv-
alent. Gardner
Principles of nutrition and their application to all types of livestock.

221. Livestock and Meat Evaluation and Selection. (3:2:4) Orme, Park

311. Animal Physiology and Anatomy. (4:3:2) Prerequisite: Zool. 105 or equiv-
alent. Hoopes

Applied study of the structure and functions of the animal body.

312. Animal Hygiene. (4:3:3) Prerequisite: An. Sci. 311. Recommended: Micro.
321. Hoopes

Principles of animal sanitation in relation to disease prevention and
control.

321. Introduction to Research in Animal Science. (2:0:4) Park

324. Consumer and Institutional Meats. (2:1:3) Home Study also. Orme

Nutrition, selection, pricing, and preparation of meats.

325. Meat and Meat Products. (3:2:3) Orme

Preservation, slaughtering, cutting, identification, inspection, and pricing
of meats.

328. Meat Processing Methods. (2:1:3) Orme

Principles of processed or prepared meats.

330. Horse Husbandry. (2:1:3) Pace

Feeding, management, and selection, with an introduction to equitation.

335. Beef Cattle Production. (3:2:3) Home Study also. Shumway

Nutrition, genetics, physiology, and management for production of cattle.

340. Sheep Production. (2:1:3) Wallentine

Nutrition, genetics, physiology, and management of range and farm
sheep operations.

345. Swine Production. (2:1:3) Orme

Nutrition, genetics, physiology, and management of swine.

361. Elements of Dairying. (4:3:3) (m) Prerequisites: completion of or con-
current registration in An. Sci. 153 and 207. Gardner
General principles of breeding, feeding, and management of dairy cattle.

362R. Advanced Dairy Production Laboratory. (1-2:0:3-6 ea.) Academic credit
limited to one year. Prerequisite: completion of or concurrent registration
in An. Sci. 361. Gardner

Student dairy herd.

365. Milk and Milk Processing. (3:2:2) Home Study also. Call

Methods of processing and distribution of market milk.

367. Dairy Products Processing. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisites: An. Sci. 365;
Chem. 151; Micro. 121. Call

The theory and practice of the manufacture of margarine and dairy
products other than market milk.



122 ANIMAL SCIENCE



374. The Science of Poultry Production. (4:3:3) Johnston

Feeding, disease control, and business management.

378. The Production of Poultry Meat. (2:0:4) Johnston

Management, nutrition, and marketing of turkeys and broilers.

421R. Advanced Topics in Livestock and Meat Evaluation. (1:0:3 ea.) Pre-
requisites: An. Sci. 221; consent of instructor. Orme, Park
Advanced livestock and meat evaluation.

462. Reproductive Physiology of Domestic Animals. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: An.
Sci. 311. Smith

464. Reproductive Physiology Laboratory. (1:0:2) Prerequisite: completion of
or concurrent registration in An. Sci. 462. Smith

Artificial insemination and pregnancy diagnosis.

492. Seminar. (2:2:0)

495R. Special Problems in Animal Science. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.) Prerequisite: con-
sent of instructor.

□ Statistics 501, 502. Statistics for Research Workers I, 11. (5:4:3 ea.)

507. Animal Nutrition. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisites: An. Sci. 207; Chem. 151 or
equivalent. Recommended: Chem. 384. Gardner

Functions of nutrients in metabolism, measuring feed values, assessing
nutrient requirements.

508. Animal Nutrition Laboratory. (2:0:6) Prerequisite: completion of or con-
current registration in An. Sci. 507. Gardner

Sampling methods, chemical analysis of feeds and blood, digestion trials;
classical nutritional deficiencies, and research techniques are studied.

515. Advanced Animal Breeding. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: An. Sci. 153 or a ge-
netics course. Park
Application of genetic principles for livestock improvement. Emphasis
on selection methods and mating systems.

520. (Agr. Econ. — An. Sci. — Bot.) Management of Ranch Resources. (3:2:2) (m)
Prerequisites: senior or graduate standing and consent of instructor.

Team-taught range science, animal science, and agricultural economics.
Commercial ranch case study. Management plan developed, consisting of
maximum profit practices and enterprise combinations.

525. Meat and Food Processing Plant Operations. (2-6:1-12:10-30) Prerequi-
sites: An. Sci. 325, 328; Agr. Econ. 410 or equivalent.

DStatistics 531. Experimental Design. (3:3:0)

560. Advanced Dairy Production. (3:3:0) Gardner

Includes the physiology and biochemistry of lactation, genetic improve-
ment, dairy layout design, disease control, nutritional requirements. Of-
fered 1973 and alternate years.

601. Experimental Animal Techniques. (2:2:0)

660. Advanced Livestock Management. (2:1:3)

691R. Advanced Topics in Animal and Meat Science. (1-2:0:3-6 ea.)

692R. Seminar. (1:2:0 ea.)

699. Thesis for Master's Degree. (6-9:Arr.:Arr.)



ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY 123



Anthropology

and
Arohoeobgy



Professors: Christensen, Jakeman, Myers (Chairman, 150 MSRB).
Associate Professor: Matheny.
Assistant Professor: Barge.

Anthropologists study rituals and beliefs, systems of kinship and marriage,
political and legal institutions, economics, languages, and other ways of life of
living human groups. The ultimate aim of these studies is the discovery of the
common elements in the cultures of all societies or the regularities of human
group behavior, and many anthropologists have a keen interest in applying
this information to current human problems. Anthropologists also investigate
the variation of man as a biological species, both from the evidence of his
physical remains and from the evidence of the physical characteristics of living
peoples. Anthropology is, therefore, both a social and a biological science, but
has its main interest in the workings of culture and shares much of its theory
and method with sociology and psychology.

Archaeology is the science which investigates the cultural history of man
through the evidence of his actual material remains — ruined buildings, imple-
ments and pottery, ancient art works, monuments and tablets bearing inscribed
records, etc. By means of such evidence, archaeologists are able not only to
reconstruct much of the unwritten past of man but also to increase our knowl-
edge of the ancient historic periods.

Anthropology and archaeology are closely related disciplines, aside from their
apparent, coincidental connections. Social anthropologists provide archaeolo-
gists with data and concepts, which are used to interpret the remains of £mcient
peoples. Archaeologists, in turn, often supply anthropologists with evidences of
the cultural and physical variations of man.

A basic understanding of the concepts, methods, and substantive knowledge
of each of these two fields is required of every student who wishes to qualify
for a baccalaureate degree in this department (see "General Introductory
Courses" below). Students majoring in the anthropology curriculum are awarded
the Bachelor of Science degree upon the successful completion of the prescribed
course of study, while the archaeology curriculum leads to the Bachelor of
Arts degree. Anthropology majors may concentrate in ethnology or social an-
thropology, while the student who chooses the archaeology major may con-
centrate in either prehistoric or historic archaeology.

Students majoring in this department are not required to have a minor field
for graduation but will be counseled by their advisers (whom they are urged
to consult early in their program and regularly thereafter) concerning comple-
mentary courses to be taken in other departments of the University. Minors
in both anthropology and archaeology are offered, however, for students major-
ing in other departments.

General Introductory Courses

Every student majoring in this department is required to complete 34 semester
hours, including the following general introductory courses: Anthrop. 101, 105,



124 ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY



120; Archaeol. 101 and 102. Majors concentrating in historic archaeology must
take Archaeol. 280 instead of Anthrop. 120. It is to the student's advantage to
have completed these courses by the end of his sophomore year. These general
introductory courses are not sequent courses, but it is recommended that
Anthrop. 101 and Archaeol. 101 be taken first. For students not majoring in this
department, any of these courses may be taken without prerequisites and in any
order desired.

Anthropology

Professional qualification as an anthropologist requires graduate training, ideally
to the Doctor of Philosophy degree. Once a student has obtained a broad
knowledge of the discipline at the undergraduate level, he usually specializes in
graduate school as an ethnologist, a social or cultural anthropologist, a linguist,
or a physical anthropologist.

The undergraduate major in anthropology requires, in addition to the general
introductory courses listed above, 19 semester hours of anthropology courses,
which must include two courses selected from Anthrop. 211, 317, 318, 319, 320,
325, 330, 340, 350, 360; two courses selected from Anthrop. 430, 431, 432, 433;
and two courses from Anthrop. 480, 481, and 490R. It is also strongly recom-
mended that students who intend to pursue graduate work in this field take
Engl. 316, Technical Writing. The remainder of the courses required for the
major are to be selected in the student's field of special interest in consultation
with his adviser.

For anthropologists, the term ethnography refers to the descriptive accounts
of the cultural and social life of peoples. All branches of anthropology make
use of ethnographic data; yet each branch has its own theoretical and methodo-
logical interests and differs in the use made of such data. The ethnologist
uses them to trace the migrations of peoples and to reconstruct cultural history.
The linguist employs ethnographic data in his study of the relationship between
language and culture. The data provide the physical anthropologists with
material for study of the biological component in culture. The social anthropolo-
gist studies social process in the here-and-now of contemporary societies, which
involves the role of custom in marking out and maintaining the key relation-
ships in the social structure. Ethnographic data are also of great value to
students in archaeology. It is because of the general use made of ethnographic
data that all anthropology majors are required to complete at least two courses
in the series which includes Anthrop. 211, and 317 to 360.

An undergraduate minor in anthropology for students majoring in other
departments requires the completion of sixteen hours in this field, including
Anthrop. 101, 105, and either 480, 481, or 490R. This minor is a valuable
companion field for majors in archaeology, sociology, psychology, political
science, geography, or foreign language.

Areas of Concentration

Ethnology. The basic concern of the ethnologist is the reconstruction of cultural
history. This objective is accomplished by the study and comparison of the
regional variations and distribution of cultural, linguistic, and racial groups
and matters such as technology, invention, and diffusion. The ethnologist must
have a wide comparative knowledge of the peoples and cultures of the world.
Students concentrating in this area should select their courses from among
the following: Anthrop. 211, 317, 318, 319, 325, 340, 350, 360, 370, and 490R.

Social Anthropology. The social anthropologist studies regularized or institution-
alized human behavior as it occurs in the context of kinship, marriage, and
family relationships; political actions and legal procedures; economic activities;
and religious and cult affairs. He also studies the interrelationships of these
activities in the total flow of social life. His interests embrace both contempo-
rary societies and historical ones, where adequate descriptive data are available.
Through such studies he attempts to learn what is common and general in
all human societies. The student in this field should, therefore, not only be



ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY 125



grounded in theory and method, but also have a good foundation in the com-
parative ethnography of various peoples.

Anthropology majors who concentrate in this field should select their courses
from among the following: Anthrop. 430, 431, 432, 433, 480, 481, and 490R;
and Sociol. 552.

Courses not offered one year are normally given the next year.

Courses

101. Introduction to Anthropology. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-SS)

Christensen, Matheny, Myers
Concept of culture, continuity of culture, human variation, primitive
society, distribution of linguistic groups.

105, Introduction to Social Anthropology. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

Development, scope, concepts, and methods. Principles of social organiza-
tion: kinship, marriage, religion, values, social control.

120. Physical Anthropology. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-SS) Matheny

Human biology, with emphasis on fossil man and human variation.

211. Cultures of the World. (3:2:2) (G-SS) Berge, Matheny

A survey of behavorial patterns as seen through a study of sample
societies.

300. Osteology. (3:1:4) (G-SS) Prerequisite: Anthrop. 120. Berge

The identification of human skeletal features; problems of sex and age;
comparative techniques in relation to animal bones.

317. Native Peoples of North America. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Matheny, Myers

Adaptation to environment, social organization, beliefs, and values of
North American Indians.

318. Native Peoples of Middle America. (2:2:0) (G-SS) Jakeman

A survey of the Indian peoples of Mexico, Central America, and the
West Indies at European contact, with emphasis on those of Mesoamerica.

319. Native Peoples of South America. (2:2:0) (G-SS) Christensen

A survey of the Indian peoples of South America at European contact,
with special attention to those of the Central Andean region.

320. The North American Indian Today. (2:2:0) (G-SS) Myers

Present conditions and problems confronting major Indian groups in
North America.

325. Peasant Societies of Latin America. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Spencer

Social structure and culture of contemporary peasant societies: inter-
relationships with larger society, acculturation, and change.

DLinguistics 325. Introduction to Descriptive Linguistics. (3:3:0)

DLinguistics 326. Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics.

330. Peoples of Africa. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

A sampling of peoples south of the Sahara. Ecology, social organization,
beliefs, values.

340. Peoples of the Middle East, (3:3:0) (G-SS) Matheny

A survey of the peoples of the Middle East, with emphasis on social
systems.

350. Peoples of South and East Asia. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Matheny

A survey of the peoples of south and east Asia, with emphasis on cul-
tural traditions.



126 ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY



360. Peoples of Polynesia. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Berge

A survey of the peoples of Polynesia — their physical characteristics,
adaptation to environment, social organization, beliefs, and values.

370. The American Culture. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Matheny, Myers, Sorenson

Life in the United States, viewed in the light of the methods and
concepts of anthropology.

DEnglish 391. Studies in Folklore. (3:3:0)

430. Moral and Ritual Institutions. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

Religion, magic, witchcraft, sorcery, divination, mythology, ritual and
morality, cosmology, totemism, taboo, sacrifice. Comparative religion.

431. Systems of Kinship and Marriage. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

The kinship system; kinship and social organization; underlying princi-
ples. Marriage forms, observances, and explanations.

432. Political and Legal Institutions — Primitive Peoples. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

Stateless societies; primitive states; kingship, chiefship, leadership, coun-
cils; politics, law, ritual, and warfare.

433. Economic Institutions. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Myers

The social framework of production, consumption, and exchange in non-
industrial societies. Technology, wealth, capital, labor, land tenure, property.

480. Theoretical Social Anthropology. (3:3:0) Myers

The development of scientific social anthropology since 1850, with
emphasis on modern trends in theory.

481. Field Methods in Social Anthropology. (2:2:1) Myers

The interrelationship between field methods and theory; the development
of field techniques; field excursion ,

490R. Seminar. (2:0:0 ea.) Prerequisites: Anthrop. 101, 105, 120. Berge,

Matheny, Myers
GLinguistics 493. Readings in Linguistics. (l-3:0:Arr.)

nSociology 552. Personality: Culture and Society. (3:3:0)

Archaeology

Instruction offered in this department is concerned with both prehistoric and
historic archaeology. Special attention is given to theory and methods of
archaeological procedures. Undergraduate students participate in excavations
at sites in southeastern Utah, while some graduate students may participate
in excavations in Mexico and Central America.

The undergraduate major in archaeology requires, in addition to the general
introductory courses listed above, 19 semester hours of archaeology credit
which must include Archaeol. 255, 320, 455R, and 8 additional semester hours
of archaeology courses. These additional required courses should be chosen in
consultation with the student's adviser from those listed below under prehistoric
and historic archaeology. It is also required of students who intend to pursue
graduate work in this field that they take Engl. 316, Technical Writing.

An undergraduate minor in archaeology requires the completion of 16 semester
hours in this subject, including Archaeol. 101, 102 and 103. This subject is a
valuable complement to a major in anthropology, history, art, or ancient
languages, as well as studies in the Hebrew-Christian and Latter-day Saint
scriptures.

Areas of Concentration

Prehistoric Archaeology. Prehistoric archaeology is a branch of anthropology in
most American universities, and students studying in this area should plan to
become anthropologists. Emphasis is directed to the understanding of the



ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY 127



culture history of the American Southwest and the high civilizations of Meso-
america. Archaeology majors wishing to concentrate in prehistoric archaeology
should choose their upper-division courses from the following, in addition to
those listed above: Archaeol. 300, 355, 375, and 415.

Historic Archaeolc^y. There are two directions in which students of historic
archaeology may apply themselves. One is text-centered, which generally in-
volves using archaeology to check and clarify documentary accounts. The other
is text-aided, where documents are used to interpret archaeological materials.
Students interested in text-centered archaeology should plan to become his-
torians as well as archaeologists. Those desiring to pursue text-aided archaeology
should also have a knowledge of historical research methods. The department
emphasizes three fields of historic archaeology: Near Eastern, Mesoamerican,
and North American. Archaeology majors concentrating in this area should
choose their upper-division courses from the following, in addition to those
listed above: Archaeol. 310, 318, 350, 355, 365, 435, and 456R.

Graduate Studies in Archaeology

The graduate major and minor in archaeology are also offered. The graduate
major, leading to the Master of Arts degree, further prepares the student for
teaching and research in this field. The best preparation for a professional
career in archaeology is the Doctor of Philosophy degree.

For the master's degree in archaeology, at least 15 semester hours of gradu-
ate credit are required in this subject, with at least 9 additional semester
hours in a minor field approved by the department, as well as an acceptable
thesis. For further information regarding the requirements for the master's
degree in archaeology, see the Graduate School Catalog.

Courses not offered one year are normally given the next year.

Courses

101. Introduction to Archaeology: Old World. (3:3:0) Home Study also.
(G-SS) Berge, Christensen, Jakeman

Fundamentals of archaeology, and a survey of the known antiquities and
archaeological history of the Eastern Hemisphere.

102. Introduction to Archaeology: New World. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Prerequisite:
Archaeol. 101. Berge, Christensen, Jakeman

A survey of the known antiquities and archaeological history of the
Western Hemisphere; the field methods of archaeology.

103R. Introductory Archaeology Laboratory. (1-2:0:2) (G-SS) Prerequisites:
completion of or concurrent registration in Archaeol. 101, 102, or 210.

Berge, Matheny
An initial study of archaeological features and artifacts found in Utah;
includes a field trip to ruins within the state. Fee.

210. Archaeology of Utah. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Archaeol. 101 and 102, or
consent of instructor. Berge, Matheny

Development of culture in prehistoric Utah, with emphasis on chronol-
ogy, cultural continuity and change, and culture classification.

255. Primitive and Ancient Technology. (3:1:4) Prerequisites: Archaeol. 101,
102. Berge, Jakeman

The means by which material things were produced in early times;
student participation in experimental production of artifacts.

280. Archaeology and the Scriptures. (3:3:0) (m) Christensen, Jakeman

Introduction to study of the Hebrew-Christian and LDS scriptures — es-
pecially their historical parts — in the light of modern archaeology.

300. Prehistoric Archaeology of the Old World. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Berg, Christensen
The history of mankind in the Eastern Hemisphere to the beginning of
legible written records.



128 ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY



DHistory 300. Ancient Near-Eastern History. (2:2:0)

310. Historic Near-Eastern and Biblical Archaeology. (3:3:0) (G-SS)

Christensen, Jakeman
The ancient history and civilizations of the Near East or Bible lands
in the light of modern archaeology.

318. Classical and Christian Archaeology. (3:3:0) (G-SS) Christensen, Jakeman

The major excavations, monuments, and art works of the Mediterranean

region; checking and illustrating Graeco-Roman and early Christian history.



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