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in the specialized field of Asia not provided by a major in one department. In
the program, students acquire working competence in either Chinese, Japanese,
Korean, or another specially approved Asian language; a broad knowledge of
Asian civilization; and a more specialized knowledge in an academic discipline.
The program is intended for those students who wish to make an intensive
study of the cultural history, modern development, and problems of Asia. It
applies the techniques of and acquaints students with the contributions of the
humanities and the social sciences. The major as outlined is useful to students
contemplating careers in academic areas, private industry, or government service.
The import-export field and international services are particularly interested
in persons who have a strong background in Asian studies. Students may enter
the program only with the approval of the Asian Studies Committee and should
register each semester thereafter under its direction.

Students wishing to emphasize Near Eastern studies should consult with Pro-
fessor Montgomery, who will assist in working out a suitable program.

Graduate Studies

A concurrent M.A. degree program is offered, as well as a graduate minor in
Asian studies. For detailed information, see the Graduate School Catalog.

Requirements for a Major

Asian studies majors are generally required to undertake a concurrent major
in a regular discipline. Exceptions must be considered by the program coordina-
tor and/or the Asian Studies Committee. Requirements are as follows:

1. Core courses dealing directly with Asia (starred in the list below)

from three fields outside the regular major 14 hrs.

2. Elective courses dealing more generally with Asia (any in the list

below) from fields outside the regular major 3 hrs.

3. Language Requirement 20 hrs.

A. Nonlanguage majors

Chinese, Japanese, or Korean language 20 hrs.

Other Asian languages from South, Southeast, and Central Asia,
will be considered in individual cases. (This includes 12 hours
applied to the general education requirements of the University.)


B. East Asian language majors. The 20 hours are to be divided
as follows:

(1) 101, 102 from major language 8 hrs.

(2) Additional Asian language or courses from the list

below 12 hrs.

20 hrs.
4. Senior Seminar in Asian Studies 3 hrs.

Requirements for a Minor

A total of 14 hours (in addition to a regular major and 12 hours of
an Asian language, equivalent to the bachelor's degree requirements)
divided as follows:

1. Core courses (starred in list below) 8 hrs.

2. Elective courses (including three hours of language study) 6 hrs.

List of Courses


211 (3) Cultures of the World
*350 (3) Peoples of South and East Asia

*302 (2) Oriental Art
*414 (2) Art of Japan

Business Management

430 (3) Introduction to International Business

Classical Civilization
*342 (2) Oriental Mythology


241 (3) Comparative Economic Systems
330 (3) Economic Development
*535 (3) Economic Problems of Asia


120 (3) Geography and World Affairs
*470 (3) Asia
*502R (2) Seminar in Regional Geography


*338 (3) The Middle East I: The Medieval Period

*339 (3) The Middle East II: The Medieval Period

*340 (3) Premodern Asia

*341 (3) Modern Asia

*342 (3) Korea

*343 (3) Formative Period of Chinese Civilization

*344 (3) Modern China

*345 (3) Formative Period of Japanese Civilization

*346 (3) Modern Japan

*347 (3) India

*348 (3) Southeast Asia

*349 (3) Central Asia

*439 (3) Russian Expansion into Asia

*440 (3) Commimist China

Chinese (Mandarin)
101, 102 (4 ea.) First- Year Chinese
201 (4) Second- Year Chinese
211 (2) Second -Year Conversation


301 (4) Third-Year Chinese
311 (2) Third- Year Conversation
321, 322 (3 ea.) Selected Readings and Composition
*440 (3) Historical Survey of Chinese Literature
443, 444 (4 ea.) Modern Chinese
445 (3) Chinese Civilization
490R (1-3 ea.) Individual Study in Chmese
495 (2) Senior Seminar for Majors

101, 102 (4 ea.) First- Year Japanese
201 (4) Second- Year Japanese
211 (2) Second- Year Conversation
301 (4) Third-Year Japanese
311 (2) Third-Year Conversation

321 (3) Selected Readings and Composition

322 (3) Selected Readings and Composition
443, 444 (3 ea.) Modern Japanese Literature
490R (1-3 ea.) Individual Study in Japanese

101, 102 (4 ea.) First- Year Korean

201 (4) Intermediate Korean Reading and Conversation
301 (4) Introduction to Korean Literature

Political Science

150 (3) Introduction to Oamparative Political Systems

170 (3) Introduction to International Politics

359 (3) Modernization and Political Change

*551 (3) Political System of China

*552 (3) Political System of Japan

*558 (3) Modernization and Political Change in Asia

*580 (3) International Relations of Asia

*453A (2) Mormonism and the World's Religions
*555 (2) Comparative World Religions
*556 (2) Comparative World Religions
*559 (2) The Church in Asia


101. Introduction to Asia. (3:3:0)

A topical introduction to Asian culture and civilization, approached
from the standpoint of geography, history, politics and government, re-
ligion and thought, anthropology, art, and literature.

499. Senior Seminar in Asian Studies. (3:3:0)

Sources, materials, and methods of research and writing, including
critical analysis of research project. Required of all Asian majors in the
senior year.

501. Intensive Introduction to Asian Studies for Teachers. (3:3:0)

Readings, lectures, and individual study to assist public school teachers
to integrate Asian studies into the curriculum of social studies, world
history, and geography. To A.D. 1600.

502. Intensive Introduction to Asian Studies for Teachers. (3:3:0)

Readings, lectures, and individual study designed to assist public school
teachers to integrate Asian studies into the curriculum of social studies,
world history, and geography. Since A.D. 1600.


Biological and
Agricultural Education

Professors: Jorgensen (Coordinator, 596 WIDE), Wallentine (Agricultural Educa-
tion, 301 WIDE).

Interdisciplinary Work in the College of Biological and Agricultural Sciences

Students who wish to prepare for teaching biology at the secondary level should
follow the curriculum outlined in the Education section of this catalog.


105. Agricultural Science and Industry. (3:3:0) (G-ES)

Plants and animals as agricultural products — their husbandry, distribu-
tion, and utilization.

201. Introduction to Biology. (4:5:0) (G-ES) Prerequisites: Chem. 105, and
concurrent registration in Chem. 106.

Introduction to basic principles of biology. Offered for majors and minors
in biology.

250. Environmental Biology. (3:3:0) (G-BS m) Prerequisites: three semester
hours in any of the following: Bio. Agr. Ed. 105, 201; Bot. 101, 105; Micro.
121; or Zool. 105.

For undergraduate nonmajors. Includes ecology, ecological concepts,
and ecosystem theory as they relate to the impact of man on the biologi-
cal world.

276. Heredity. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-ES m) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or 105,
or Zool. 105, or equivalent.

Principles of inheritance for non-science majors.

321. History and Philosophy of Biology. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: a college course

in one of the biological sciences. Andersen

Development of biological thought from the Grecian period to the present

325. Biological Techniques. (2:1:2) (m) Allman

Techniques of preparing specimens and materials for demonstration and

351. Natural History for Elementary Teachers. (3:2:2) (G-BS) Moore, Pritchett
May not be used for credit towards a degree in a science department.

376. General Genetics. (3:3:0) (G-BS m) Prerequisites: introductory course in
college biology and a one-year course in college chemistry.

377. Secondary Teaching Procedures in Biology. (3:3:1) Prerequisite: Ed. 301.

Leichty, Pritchett
For course description see Ed. 377. Required of biology teachers.


378. (Jenetics Laboratory. (1:0:3) (m) Prerequisite: completicm of or concurrent
registration in Bio. Agr. Ed. 376.

Laboratory and field exercises in genetics.

479. Secondary Student Teaching. (4-8:0:20-40) Prerequisite: Bio. Agr. Ed.
377. Leichty, Pritchett

For course description see Ed. 479. Required of biology teachers.

□ Education 644. Directed Teaching in College. (2:4:0)


Professors: Andersen, Christensen, Harrison, Hess, Julander, Moore, Murdock,

Stutz, Vallentine, Welsh.
Associate Professors: Stocks (Chairman, 401 WIDB), Tidwell, Weber, Whitton.
Assistant Professors: Brotherson, Rushforth, Wood.
Instructors: Liechty, Van Cott.
Collaborators: Felker, Frischknecht, Holmgren, Plummer, Thomock, Ware.

The Department of Botany and Range Science offers undergraduate and graduate
training in plant science and in range science. Three professional undergraduate
curricula are offered: (1) one in botany; (2) one for prospective biology
teachers; and (3) one in range science, with the option of specializing either
in range resources or agribusiness. Students completing these programs are
awarded the Bachelor of Science degree in botany or in range science. A two-
year preforestry option is also offered.

Graduate training leading to the Master of Science and the Doctor of Philoso-
phy degrees is available for those who qualify for admission to the Graduate
School. For details, see the Graduate School Catalog.


The botany curriculum offers professional training which will qualify the
student for a wide range of careers relating to the study, culture, and utilization
of plant life. Students trained in botany find career opportunities in governmen-
tal services, in industry, in secondary schools, in colleges and universities, and
in research institutions. They are employed as teachers, conservationists, geneti-
cists, plant breeders, plant physiologists, mycologists, plant quarantine in-
spectors, taxonomists, museum curators, park naturalists, park rangers, and as
agriculturists. All courses in botany below 490 except 169, 469, and 480 satisfy
general education requirements in biological science.

The following degrees are offered in botany: Bachelor of Science, Master of
Science, Master of Science — Biological Education, and Doctor of Philosophy.

Required and Recommended Courses for Botany Majors

Required Courses:

Bot. 101, 210, 321, 325, 332, 335 (or 331), 376, 440, 450, 491R.

Math. 105 and 106 (or 111).

Chem. 102, 103, 384 (or equivalent).

Engl. Ill and one of the following: Engl. 215, 316, or equivalent.

Students majoring in botany are also required to gain some field experience
in botany. This requirement may be satisfied by taking Bot. 455, or by at-
tendance at an approved summer biological station, or by appropriate summer


Recommended Supporting Courses:

Agron. 282; Micro. 321, 322; Chem. 223, 351, 353, 385; Geog. 401; Geol. Ill,
112; Math. 112, 113; Stat. 221; Zool. 202, 203, 261; Bot. 205, 378, 460, 480.

Suggested Curriculum for Botany Majors (Junior and senior year curriculum to
be worked out with approval of the student's adviser.)

Freshman Hours Sophomore Hours

Bot. 101, 210 6 Engl. 215 or 316 3

Math. 105, 106 6 Bot. 321, 325 6

Engl. Ill 3 Chem. 102, 103, 384 9

Religion 4 Micro. 321, 322 4

Electives 13 Religion 4

Total hours




Engl. 215 or 316


Bot. 321, 325


Chem. 102, 103, 384


Micro. 321, 322





Total hours



Composite Teaching Major in Biology

Students majoring in botany who wish to certify as secondary school biology
teachers may do so by completing the required courses for the composite biology
teaching major as outlined below, plus Bio. Agr. Ed. 377 and 479. No grade
lower than C- will be accepted toward the fulfillment of these requirements.

Students who have been in the process of certifying under the requirements
listed in earlier catalogs may continue to do so until August 1973.

Required Courses in Biology (48 hours):

Bio. Agr. Ed. 201, 325, 376; Micro. 331; Bot. 105, 205, 210, 440; Zool. 202, 203,
331, 465 or 466; Bot. 450 or Zool. 451; Geol. 103.

Recommended Courses in Biology:

Bio. Agr. Ed. 250 or Bot. 460; Micro. 411; Bot. 321, 325; Zool. 344.

Recommended Supporting Courses in Other Areas:

Any of the following supporting courses may also be used to fulfill the 12-hour
requirement in the physical science and the math. -science-logic areas:

Math. 105*; Chem. 102*, 103, 384*, 385; Physics 100 or 105, 106, 107, 108;
Agron. 282; Hort. 102.

*These courses are prerequisites for required biology courses.


Students may prepare themselves for further training in forestry by taking the
preforestry curriculum during their first two years of college work. The prefor-
estry program at Brigham Young University is under the supervision of the
Department of Botany and Range Science.

During the freshman and sophomore years students in the preforestry pro-
gram are registered for the basic science courses required for training in for-
estry and general education courses. Upon completion of this program, stu-
dents may enroll in a professional forestry school for their major work in


101. Plant Biology. (3:2:2) (G-BS m)

The study of life, using plants to illustrate the processes and structure
of living organisms.

105. Plant Kingdom. (3:2:2) Home Study also. (G-BS m)

A survey of the plant kingdom, including the morphology of representa-
tive species.


161. Intoduction to Forestry. (3:3:0) (Field trip to be arranged.) Julander

The forestry profession and the relationship of forestry to other wild
land uses.

205. Field Botany. (2:1:3) (G-BS m)

A study of the common trees and shrubs and their uses.

210. Plant Classification. (3:2:3) (G-BS m) Home Study also. Prerequisite:
Bot. 101 or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201. Harrison, Welsh, Wood

General principles of taxonomy and use of manuals, with emphasis on
classification of temperate flora.

321. Plant Anatomy. (3:1:5) (G-BS m) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or Bio. Agr.
Ed. 201 or equivalent. Rushforth, Tidwell

325. General Cytology. (3:2:3) (G-BS m) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or Bio. Agr.
Ed. 201. Moore, Whitton

The organization and function of cells.

331. Nonvascular Green Morphology. (3:2:3) (G-BS m) Prerequisite: Bot.
101 or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201 or equivalent. Rushforth, Tidwell

Morphology and classification of the nonvascular green plants.

332. Vascular Plant Morphology. (3:2:3) (G-BS m) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or
105, or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201, or equivalent.

Basic structures, relationships, and life histories of representatives of
the major groups of vascular plants.

335. Mycology. (3:1:6) (G-BS m) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201.

Rushforth, Weber
A study of fungi.

DBiological and Agricultural Education 377. Secondary Teaching Procedures in
Biology. (3:3:1)

440. Plant Physiology. (4:3:3) (G-BS m) Prerequisites: Bot. 101 and college
chemistry. Recommended: Chem. 384 or 351 and 352. Harrison, Moore,

Water relations, mineral nutrition, synthesis of foods, digestion, respira-
tion, and growth and reproduction of plants.

450. Plant Ecology. (3:2:3) (G-BS m) (Field trips to be arranged.) Prerequi-
sites: Bot. 101 or Zool. 105 or equivalent; Bot. 210. Brotherson,

Christensen, Murdock, Wood
Relation of plants to their environment, their adaptations to factors of
soil and climate, and their interactions with each other and other or-

455. Field Ecology. (2:l:Arr.) (G-BS m) (Includes one field trip of about one
week's duration.) Prerequisite: Bot. 450 or consent of instructor.

Brotherson, Christensen, Murdock, Wood
Ecological fieldwork in forests and rangelands.

460. Conservation of Natural Resources. (2:2:0) (Field trip to be arranged.)
(G-BS m) Home Study also. Brotherson, Christensen, Julander,

Moore, Murdock
Need for and means of providing conservation of renewable natural

469. Forest Management. (3:3:0) (Field trips to be arranged.) Julander

DBiological and Agricultural Education 479. Secondary Student Teaching.


480. Plant Pathology. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisite: Bot. 105. Brotherson, Hess
Important plant diseases — their identification, causes, and methods of
control. Offered 1973 and alternate years.


491R. Seminar. (1:1:0 ea.) (m)

498R. Special Problems. (1-3:0:3-9 ea.)

501. Histological Technique. (2:0:6) Prerequisite: Bot. 101 or Zool. 105. Moore
Techniques of preparing plant tissues for microscopic examination. Of-
fered 1973 and alternate years.

510. Advanced Taxonomy, (3:2:3) (One three-day field trip to be arranged.)
Prerequisites: Bot. 210, and Bio. Agr. Ed. 376, or consent of instructor.


515. Agrostology: Taxonomy and Ecology of Grasses. (2:1:3) Prerequisite:
Bot. 210. Harrison

Classification and ecology of grasses. Important forage species are em-
phasized. Offered 1972 and alternate years.

522. Biological Instrumentation. (3:1:6) (m) Prerequisite: graduate status or

permission of instructor. Weber

Theory and application of research instruments to biological problems.

525. Ultrastructural Interpretation. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisite: Bot. 225, or
Zool. 465 or 466, or Chem. 581. Hess, Whitton

Study of ultrastructure and morphology of the cell.

533. Algology. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Bot. 331 or consent or instructor. Rushforth
A detailed study of the algae, including classification and morphology.

535. Advanced Mycology. (4:2:6) Prerequisite: Bot. 335 or equivalent. Weber
A detailed study of taxonomy and morphology of special groups. Offered

1972 and alternate years.

539. Paleobotany. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Bot. 101 or 105; Geol. 103. Tidwell

550. Plant Geography. (3:2:3) Welsh

The distribution of plant species and communities in the light of
present and past climates. Offered 1973 and alternate years.

557. Experimental Ecology. (2:0:6) Brotherson, Murdock

Investigations on the phenology of selected species. Offered 1973 and
alternate years.

610. Botanical Terminology and Nomenclature. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: consent

of instructor. Welsh

A detailed study of botanical terminology, including the contributions

of Latin and Greek words, their gender, number, and case. Offered 1972-73

and alternate years.

620. Cell Biology. (3:2:3) (m) Prerequisites: Bot. 525; Chem. 581. Andersen

A study of structure and physiology of cell membranes and organelles.
Offered 1973 and alternate years.

621. Electron Microscopy. (2:2:0) Hess

Theoretical and practical aspects of electron microscopy of biological

622. Electron Microscopy Laboratory. (1:0:3) Prerequisites: consent of instruc-
tor and completion of or concurrent registration in Bot. 621. Allen, Hess

Laboratory to accompany Bot. 621. Essentially individual instruction.

630. Angiosperm Morphology. (4:3:3) Prerequisite: familiarity with taxonomy,
anatomy, and physiology or biochemistry. Tidwell

Offered 1972 and alternate years.

634. Morphogenesis. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: familiarity with taxonomy, anatomy,

and physiology or biochemistry. Moore

The development of form in organisms, with emphasis on plants. Offered

1973 and alternate years.


638. Genetics of the Fungi. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: a laboratory course in micro-
biology, botany, or zoology. Andersen

641. Physiology of Fungi and Algae. (4:3:3) Prerequisites: Bot. 335, 440.

Weber, Stocks
Offered 1972 and alternate years.

655. Field Ecology. (2:l:Arr.) (Extended field trip.) Prerequisite: consent of
instructor. Christensen, Murdock

Ecological fieldwork in forests and rangelands.

676. Cytogenetics. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: genetics and cytology. Andersen,

Offered 1972 and alternate years.

678. Organic Evolution. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: genetics or consent of instructor.

691R. Graduate Seminar. (1:1:0 ea.)

698R. Special Problems. (1-3:0:3-9 ea.)

699. Thesis for Master's Degree. (6-9:Arr.:Arr.)

740. Advanced Plant Physiology I. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Bot. 440; Chem. 351.

Harrison, Stocks
Offered 1973-74 and alternate years.

741. Advanced Plant Physiology 11. (3-4:2-3:3) Prerequisites: Bot. 440; Chem.
351. Stocks

Offered 1972-73 and alternate years.

742. Plant Nutrition and Growth. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Bot. 440. Harrison

Offered 1972-73 and alternate years.

750. Grassland and Desert Ecology. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Offered 1972-73 and alternate years.

752. Forest Ecology. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Christensen
Offered 1973-74 and alternate years.

760. Conservation of Natural Resources. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: consent of in-
structor. Christensen, Julander, Moore, Vallentine
Offered 1972-73 and alternate years.

776. Population Genetics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: genetics. Stutz

Offered 1972-73 and alternate years.

799. Doctoral Dissertation. (Arr.)

Range Science

Two options are available to students who wish to work for a B.S. degree in
range science. Both options meet Civil Service requirements for the position of
range conservationist. Type of employment wanted and personal preferences
should be considered in selecting the option in range science to be followed:

A. Range Resources Option — designed for students desiring careers in the Soil
Conservation Service; federal land management agencies such as the Forest
Service, Bureau of Sports Fisheries and Wildlife, Bureau of Land Manage-
ment, or Bureau of Indian Affairs; or state departments of fish and game,
lands, or natural resources.

B. Agribusiness Option — designed for students desiring careers in ranch man-
agement; banks and other financial institutions; chemical, feed, or seed


companies, or livestock organizations; or as consultants; agricultural teachers;

or Soil Conservation Service technicians.

Students desiring employment as range researchers, extension agents or special-
ists, or college teachers in range science should consider working for advanced
degrees after completing a B.S. degree in range science. Counsel should be
sought from advisers in selecting electives that will be most helpful in preparing
students for graduate work.

An M.S. degree in range science is offered at BYU. A Ph.D. degree in botany
with emphasis in ecology and range science may also be earned. The Graduate
School Catalog should be consulted for details concerning graduate study.

Required and Recommended Courses for Range Science Majors

Range Resources Option Agribusiness Option

Required Courses:
Range Sci.

Agr. Econ.
An. Sci.

Org. Behav.






Supporting Courses:

Range Sci.

An. Sci.



Agr. Econ.




Org. Behav.

Bus. Mgt.

365, 462, 465 466, 491R, 561 365, 462, 466, 491R, 520, 561

(or 465)

201, 202
282, 303 282

112, 350A,B (or 325) 112, 320, 325, 410A,B
207, 335 (or 340) 207, 335 (or 340), 507

101 (or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201) 101 (or Bio. Agr. Ed. 201)
210, 376, 440, 450, 455*, 469 210, 376, 440, 450


102, 103, 384**

111 and 215 or 316

105, 106 (or 111)


457, and one of 203, 331, 451,



340 or 335, 507


305, 511

325 or 350A,B





102, 103, 384**
111 and 215 or 316
108 (or 105 or 111)

465 or 561

153, 311, 312, 340, or 335


151, 302, 303, 305, 440

330, 350A,B, 425




* Approved field experience may be substituted for Bot. 455.
**Alternate chemistry group: Chem. 105, 106, 151.

Range Science Minor

Required Courses (19 hours):
Range Sci. 365, 462, 466
Agron. 282
Bot. 450

Three hours from Range Sci. 465, 491R, 520, 561

Suggested Curriculum for Range Science Majors (Junior and senior years to be
worked out with approval of the student's adviser.)



Range Resources

Bot. 101, 210


Chem. 102, 103


Math. 105, 106


Math. 108

Engl. Ill






Total hours



Range Sci. 365


Agr. Econ. 112


Agron. 282


An. Sci. 207


Acctg. 201, 202

Chem. 384


Engl. 215 or 316






Total hours

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