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423. Structural Steel Design. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 305 and 321.

Theory and design of structural steel and other structural metals using
elastic and plastic design concepts. Stress analysis and design of beams,
stiffened girders, tension and compression members, and their connections.

424. Reinforced Concrete Design. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 321.

Theory and design of reinforced concrete, including columns, beams,
slabs, retaining walls, and footings; elastic and ultimate-strength methods
of analysis.



CIVIL ENGINEERING SQENCE 195



431. Hydrology. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 332.

Water as it occurs in nature; relationships between precipitation, evap-
oration, infiltration, transpiration, groundwater, and stream runoff.

432. Hydraulic Engineering. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 332.

Application of the principles of fluid mechanics to the design of hydraulic
structures.

442. Foundation Engineering. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 341.

Subsurface exploration, bearing capacity concepts, settlement of struc-
tures, and basic principles of foundation design.

451. Sanitary Engineering. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 432; Micro. 381.

Applications of public health engineering to design, construction, and
operation of water supply and sewage systems.

461. Highway Engineering. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 341.

Highway planning, economy, and finance; traffic engineering character-
istics; properties of highway materials; rigid and flexible pavement designs.

471. Professional, Economic, and Legal Problems in Engineering. (3:3:0)

Professional, legal, and economic problems of the engineering profession:
contracts, specifications, accounting, feasibility studies, ethics.

491A,B. Civil Engineering Seminar. (i:l:0 ea.)

Technical and professional activities of the civil engineering profession.
Required of all majors.

501. Advanced Mechanics of Materials. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 303.

Introduction to theories of elasticity, plasticity, and strain energy meth-
ods; stresses and strains in beams, curved members, rotating discs, thick
cylinders; torsion; structural members.

502. Advanced Properties of Materials. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 305 or
equivalent.

Mechanics of deformation and fracture of solids; mechanical behavior
of materials correlated with atomic scale mechanisms; creep, residual
stresses, and fatigue.

503. Applied Elasticity. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 303; Math. 321.

Analysis of stress and strain; equations of equilibrium and compatibility;
generalized Hooke's Law; energy theorems.

505. Concrete — Its Materials, Uses, and Properties, (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Geol.
330.

Manufacturing and testing of cements; concrete materials and concrete
mix design; techniques of concrete handling, placing, and treatment; labora-
tory work.

507. Experimental Stress Analysis. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 303.

Experimental methods of stress determination and their applications to
static engineering problems. Mechanical gages; brittle lacquers; electric
resistance strain gages; photoelasticity and photostress techniques.

513. Photogrammetry. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 212.

Use of terrestrial and aerial photographs to produce maps; vertical and
oblique photography and mapping procedures; stereoscopic viewing and
measurements for relative position of objects in three dimensions; photo
interpretation; sources of errors.

527. Matrix Methods in Structures. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 422.

Development of stiffness and flexibility matrices for statically determinate
and indeterminate structures. Use of the digital computer.



196 CIVIL ENGINEERING SCIENCE



528. Finite Element Analysis. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 527 or consent
of instructor.

Development of finite elements for a continuum; applications using matrix
algebra; consideration of plates, shells, and heat conduction using the
digital computer.

531. Water Resources Engineering. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 431, 432.

Planning and basic design of hydroelectric, flood control, irrigation, and
multipurpose projects involving the utilization of water resources. Con-
sideration primarily of hydraulic and hydrologic design elements.

543. Physicochemical Characteristics of Soils. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Chem. 106;
Civ. Eng. 341.

Physicochemical relationships in soils, including the structures of the clay
minerals, properties of the electrical double layer, ion exchange phenomena,
and soil moisture movement and equilibria.

550. Water Quality Management. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Philosophies, objectives, and methods of water quality management;
impact of various uses on water quality; behavior of pollutants in receiving
waters.

610. Theory and Design of Plates. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 303.

Theory and analysis of thin plates of moderate thickness; membrane
theory; anisotropic considerations.

612. Structural Stability. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 303.

Elastic and inelastic buckling of columns; analysis of beam columns;
torsional-flexural buckling and buckling of thin plates and cylindrical
shells.

615. Structural Dynamics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 304 or 527 or equiva-
lent.

Matrix formulation of free and forced, damped and undamped, lumped
parameter, and multiple degree-of-freedom linear systems. Approximate
methods for nonlinear damped systems; applications to frameworks and
beams.

620. Advanced Structures — Theory and Design. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng.
423, 424.

Advanced topics in structural theory and design: arches, frames, con-
tinuous structures on elastic supports, plastic design theory.

621. Thin Shell Structures. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 422, 424.

Theory and design methods related to domes, arches, solid plate, and
hypar structures.

622. Design of Bridge Structures. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 341, 422,
423, 424.

Design of bridge structures; floor systems, composite and continuous
beams and girders, trusses, piers, and abutments.

623. Prestressed Concrete. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 422, 424.

Basic theory of prestressed concrete, pre- and post-tensioning methods.
Details of design and fabrication; applications to continuous structures.

625. Design of Multistory Structures. (3:2:3) Prerequisites: Gv. Eng. 341, 422,
423, 424, or consent of instructor.

Shear walls, floors, columns, frames, and foundations, using elastic and
plastic methods. Frame response to lateral forces.

632. Advanced Hydrology. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 431, 432, or equiva-
lent.

Theory and application of advanced hydrologic principles to engineering
design and investigations.



CIVIL ENGINEERING SCIENCE 197



633. Hydraulic Design of Water Control Structures. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ.
Eng. 432.

Hydraulic and structural design of dams and appurtenant works and
other water control structures.

634. Flow in Open Channels. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 332.

The theory of flow in artificial and natural open channels, and the
application of that theory to practical problems.

641. Advanced Soil Mechanics. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 341, 442, or
equivalent.

Advanced topics in soil mechanics, including stress distribution in earth
masses, the shearing strength of soils, consolidation theory, settlement
analysis, stability of slopes, and the bearing capacity of soils.

642. Advanced Soil Mechanics Laboratory. (2:0:6) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 341,
442, 641, or equivalent.

Advanced study in the techniques of laboratory investigations of soils.

643. Earth and Rock-Fill Structures. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 341 or
equivalent.

Design and construction of earth and rock-fill dams; selection of dam-
sites; selection of materials; seepage and pore pressure studies; shearing
strength data; stability analysis; construction controls.

644. Advanced Foundation Engineering. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 641.

Foundation engineering techniques of subsurface investigations; deter-
mination of the allowable soil pressures for footings; design of spread
footings; raft formation; pile foundations.

646. Flow of Fluids through Porous Media. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng.
332, 341.

Fluid flow in saturated and unsaturated anisotropic media. Darcy's Law
and Navier-Stokes equations. Potential theory and conformal mapping;
analog solutions.

652. Design of Water Treatment Works. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 451;
Chem. 223; Micro. 381; or equivalent.

Water purification and treatment for culinary, municipal, and industrial
uses.

653. Design of Sewage Treatment Works. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 451;
Chem. 223; Micro. 381; or equivalent.

Design of sewage disposal and treatment works.

654. Industrial Waste Treatment. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 451; Chem.
223; Micro. 381; or equivalent.

Treatment and disposal of industrial wastes; studies of basic industries
and their waste problems.

655. Sanitary Engineering Analysis. (2:0:6) Prerequisites: Civ. Eng. 451, 550;
Micro. 381; (3hem. 223; or equivalent.

Analytical techniques involved in chemical and biological analysis of
the major organic and inorganic constituents of water, sewage, and in-
dustrial wastes.

661. Traffic Engineering — Theory of Flow and Geometric Design. (3:3:0) Pre-
requisite: Civ. Eng. 461 or equivalent.

Characteristics of motor- vehicle traffic; theory of traffic flow; freeway
operations and traffic regulations; design of highways and parking facilities,
at-grade intersections, interchanges, channelizations, parking lots, and
garages.



198 CIVIL ENGINEERING SCIENCE



663. Pavement Design. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Civ. Eng. 461 or equivalent.

Properties and selection of pavement components, including soils, sta-
bilized soil, base, subbase, subgrade, and bituminous materials. Design of
rigid and flexible pavements.

691R. Civil Engineering Seminar. (1:1:0 ea.)

694R. Selected Problems in Civil Engineering. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.)

697R. Research in Civil Engineering. (2:Arr.:Arr. ea.)

698. Engineering Projects. (3:Arr.:Arr.) Prerequisite: registration in M.E. pro-
gram.

Investigation, study, and presentation of a technical engineering report
in an area of civil engineering. Project must be approved by the graduate
committee.

699. Thesis for Master's Degree. (6-9:Arr.:Arr.)

794R. Selected Topics in Civil Engineering. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.)
797R. Research for Doctoral Students. (Arr. ea.)
799. Dissertation for Doctoral Students. (Arr.)



CLOTHING AND TEXTILES 199




Associate Professors: Domigan, Jorgensen (Chairman, 3256 SFLC).
Assistant Professors: Childs, Lee, Liechty, Lind.
Instructors: Domgaard, Pottberg.

The clothing and textiles curriculum is designed to help the student understand
clothing as it relates to the needs of individuals and families and to provide
training in the textile and apparel industries. A knowledge of textiles is em-
phasized as an aid to wide selection and effective use and care of clothes.
Expression of creative abilities is encouraged in the designing, selection, and
construction of clothing.

Careers open to majors in this field vary with individual aptitudes and ex-
perience and with the choice of appropriate courses from allied departments.
Professional opportunities are found in demonstration work, dress designing,
dressmaking, fashion illustration, fashion merchandising, fashion promotion,
garment manufacturing, institutional purchasing, textile designing, textile pro-
motion, textile testing, and theater costuming. Students may also prepare for
graduate study which can lead to positions in the fields of college teaching, re-
search, and extension services.

Selected junior and senior students in the department have the opportunity
to enhance their training in the area of textiles and textile technology by attend-
ing the North Carolina State University at Raleigh, North Carolina, for a se-
mester or one year. Students who are interested should contact the depart-
ment chairman.

Campus Couture, sponsored by the department, provides opportunity for
practical experience in designing and constructing garments for others. Majors
are strongly advised to seek employment at Campus Couture for at least one
semester. Employees are selected on the basis of their performance in clothing
construction and design classes and successful completion of Clo. and Text. 365.

Major Requirements

Majors are required to complete a minimum of 28 or more credit hours in
the Clothing and Textiles Department and are encouraged to take at least 1
course in each of the following supporting departments within the College of
Family Living: Child Development and Family Relationships, Food Science and
Nutrition, Environmental Design, and Family Economics and Home Management.
Students must also complete the general education requirements prescribed by
the University, including (6-12 hours) or math.-stat.-logic-sci. (6 hours) re-
quirement.

Students may choose to graduate with either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or a
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. Those selecting Options 1 or 4 will receive
the Bachelor of Science degree. Those selecting Options 2 or 3 will receive the
Bachelor of Arts degree.

Transfer students should complete at least 10 credit hours of work in this
department to qualify for graduation.



200 CLOTfflNG AND TEXTILES



In order to graduate, a student must maintain an overall GPA of at least 2.00,
with no hours of "D" credit in his major department.

Minor Requirements

Students who choose clothing and textiles as their minor field of study must
have their programs approved by this department. They must complete 14
credit hours, with at least one course in three of the following four areas:

1. Construction: Clo. and Text. 165, 235, 355, 365, 520R, 595.

2. Design and selection: Clo. and Text. 110, 221, 300, 345, 350.

3. History and economics: Clo. and Text. 330, 430, 472, 473, 474, 478.

4. Textiles: Clo. and Text. 260, 360, 490, 580, 594.

Options

Four options, aimed at providing background and training for particular pro-
fessional opportunities, are included in the clothing and textiles major. These
are: (1) fashion merchandising, (2) fashion design, (3) clothing and textiles
and communications, and (4) general clothing and textiles.

Option One — Fashion Merchandising

The course work offered in this area is designed to provide specialized training
for those seeking positions such as buyer, assistant buyer, comparison shopper,
fashion coordinator, and fashion promoter.

Freshman Hours Junior Hours

Relig. 121, 122 4 Religion 4

Engl. Ill 3 Humanities 2

P.E 1 Biological science 3

Health 130 2 Bus. Mgt. 256 3

Biological science 3 Clo. and Text. 360, 472, and

Chem. 100 3 electives 8

Psych. Ill 3 Electives 12

Comms. 101 2 — —

Sp. and Dram. Arts 102 2 Total hours 32

Clo. and Text. 110, 165 6

Elective 3 Senior Hours

Religion 4

Total hours 32 Hist. 170 3

Org. Behav. 321 3

Sophomore Hours Clo. and Text. 473, 474, 490,

Religion 4 and electives 8

Engl. 212 3 Electives 14

P.E 1

Acctg. 201 3 Total hours 32

Econ. Ill, 112 6

Physics 177 3

Bus. Mgt. 241 3

Clo. and Text. 260, electives 6

Elective 3



Total hours 32

Approximately 32 credit hours are allowed for electives, which should include
at least one course in each of the other departments within the College of
Family Living. Of the 128 hours total, 40 hours must be upper-division credit.

Option Two — Fashion Design

The following program is planned for students interested in apparel* or theatrical
costume designing.



CLOTfflNG AND TEXTILES 201



Freshman Hours

Relig. 121, 122 4

Engl. Ill 3

P E 1

Health 130 .' '"'"'Z!!!"'"'"'"''"! 2

Biological Science 3

Psych. Ill 3

Chem. 100 3

Sp. and Dram. Arts 102 2

Qo. and Text. 110, 165 6

*Art 120, 121 6

or

Sp. and Dram. Arts 123, 126 4

Total hours 31-33

Sophomore Hours

Religion 4

Engl. 212 3

P.E 1

Biological science 3

Physics 177 3

Econ. Ill 3

Clo. and Text. 260 plus electives .. 5

*Art 122 3

Electives 7



Total hours



32



Junior Hours

Religion 4

Humanities 4

Clo. and Text. 330, 345,

365 plus electives 8

*Art 343, 362 4

or

Sp. and Dram. Arts 319, 362 4

Electives 12



Total hours



32



Senior Hours

Religion 4

Clo. and Text. 350, 355, 490

plus electives 9

*Art electives 2

or
Sp. and Dram. Arts 460, 461,

564 or 565 6

Electives 13-17



Total hours



32



Select a combination of electives that will complete a total of 128 hours,
including at least one course in each of the other departments within the College
of Family Living.

*Those who are interested in apparel designing should take art classes.



Clo. and Text. 260 and electives .. 6
Electives 4



Option Three — Clothing and Textiles and Communications

The following program is recommended for students who are interested in
promotion areas, such as advertising, copy writing, and fashion reporting.

Freshman Hours

Relig. 121, 122 4

Engl. Ill 3

P E 1

Health 130 III!"i;i!'"^"!""""~'I! 2

Biological science 3

Chem. 100 3

Psych. Ill 3

Comms. 101 2

Sp. and Dram. Arts. 102 2

Clo. and Text. 110, 165 6

Elective 3



Total hours



32



Junior Hours

Religion 4

Art 301 3

Comms. 230, 331 5

Clo. and Text. 330, 360, 472 8

Electives 12



Total hours



32



Total hours



32



Sophomore Hours

Religion 4

Engl. 212 3

P.E 1

Sociol. Ill or Econ. 101 3

Physics 177 3

Biological science 3

Comms. 201, 211 5



Senior Hours

Religion 4

Hist. 170 3

Comms. 334, electives 5

Clo. and Text. 430, 490 and

electives 8

Electives 12



Total hours



32



202 CLOTHING AND TEXTILES



Select a combination of electives that will complete a total of 128 hours, in-
cluding at least one course in each of the departments within the College of
Family Living.



Option Four — General Clothing and Textiles

The general clothing and textiles concentration provides training for such
positions as consulting with commercial companies, teaching in stores and
trade schools, extension services, and custom dressmaking.



Freshman Hours

Relig. 121, 122 4

Engl. Ill 3

P E 1

Health 130 2

Biological science 3

Chem. 100 3

Psych. Ill 3

Humanities 4

Clo. and Text. 110, 165 6

Electives 3



Total hours



32



Sophomore Hours

Religion 4

Engl. 212 3

P E 1

Econ. ill 3

Physics 177 3

Clo. and Text. 235, 260 5

Electives 13



Total hours



32



Junior Hours

Religion 4

Humanities 2

Biological science 3

Clo. and Text. 300, 330, 345, 365

plus electives 13

Electives 10



Total hours



32



Senior Hours

Religion 4

Hist. 170 3

Clo. and Text. 300, 330, 345, 365

plus electives 9

Electives 16



Total hours



32



Select a combination of electives that will complete a total of 128 hours, in-
cluding at least one course in each of the other departments within the College
of Family Living.



Courses

105. Elementary Clothing Construction. (1:1:2)

Unit method of clothing construction applied to simply designed cotton
apparel. A service course for nonmajors with little or no sewing experience.

110. Selection and Care. (2:2:1) (m) Lind, Pottberg

Design elements related to apparel selection; principles of w^ardrobe
planning and care; personal analysis for self -improvement.

165. Dress and Pattern Construction. (4:2:8) (m) Childs, Domgaard,

Lee, Lind, Pottberg
Principles of flat pattern design, fitting, and clothing construction
applied to a tailored dress and an afternoon or evening dress.

Lind
Survey of handwoven



221. Weaving. (2:1:3)

Creative design applied to weaving methods,
fabrics in various world cultures.



235, Children's Clothing. (2:1:3) (m) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text. 165.

Domgaard, Lee
Selection, design, and construction of children's clothing, as related
to the child's developmental needs.



CLOTHING AND TEXTILES 203



260. General Textiles. (3:3:1) (m) Childs, Domigan, Lee

Natural and synthetic textile fibers; yarns, fabric construction, dyes,
and finishes, with application to the purchase, use, Eind care of textile
fabrics.

300. Clothing the Family. (2:2:0) (m) Prerequisites: at least 3 hours in the

social sciences or 1 class in CDFR. Childs

Physical, social, and psychological needs related to clothing for family

members at various age levels. Coordinating family resources to solve

family clothing problems.

330. History of Costume. (3:3:0) (m) Jorgensen

Social, economic, and political influences on dress through the ages.
Analysis of costume as an expression of life styles and as a basis for in-
terpreting modern fashions.

345. Draping and Flat Pattern Design. (3:2:4) (m) Prerequisites: Clo. and
Text. 110, 165, 260. Recommended: Clo. and Text. 330. Liechty

Creative design, achieved through techniques of flat pattern and drap-
ing on an individualized dress form.

350. Apparel Design. (2:2:2) (m) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text 110, 165, 330,

345. Liechty

Creative experiences in designing apparel for different production pro-
cesses and price levels.

355. Tailoring. (3:3:3) (m) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text. 165, 260.

Domgaard, Domigan, Jorgensen, Liechty
Custom and commercial tailoring techniques applied to construction of
a coat and a suit.

360. Intermediate Textiles. (3:2:2) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text. 260; Chem.
100 or equivalent. Domigan

Performance testing of textiles by standard test procedures.

365. Couture and Mass Production Techniques. (2:1:4) Prerequisites: Clo. and

Text. 345 or 355. Liechty

Adapting apparel design and construction techniques to couture and

mass production methods. Scheduled laboratory experience with Campus

Couture.

430. Historic Textiles. (3:3:0) (m) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text. 260. Liechty
History of the design and production of fabrics as an expression of
man's cultural achievements.

472. Fashion Industry. (2:2:0) (m) Prerequisites: 9 hours in clothing and
textiles. Recommended: Econ. 101 or 111. Jorgensen

Development of the fashion movement — its relation to manufacturing
and consumption of clothing. Garment production, fashion designers,
fashion cycles, and trade organizations.

473. Clothing and Textiles Merchandising I. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Clo. and
Text. 260, 472; Acctg. 201; Bus. Mgt. 241 or 256; Econ. 101 or 111.

The processes involved in planning and operating merchandising divi-
sions in fashion retail stores.

474. Clothing and Textiles Merchandising IL (2:2:0) Prerequisite: Clo. and Text.
473. Recommended: Clo. and Text. 110, 165, 300, 360. Childs

Problems and aids in buying and selling household textiles, fashion
apparel, and accessories from a retail store buyer's point of view. Quality
comparison of products.

478. Merchandising Practicum. (3:1:8) Prerequisites: Clo. and Text. 474 and
consent of instructor.

Field service training in the merchandising division of a department
store.



204 CLOTHING AND TEXTILES



490. Seminar. (1:1:0) Prerequisites: 12 credit hours in major and consent of
instructor.

Special reports and readings in clothing and textiles.

520R. Workshop in Clothing and Textiles. (l-3:Arr.:Arr. ea.) Prerequisite: con-
sent of instructor.

580. Advanced Textiles. (3:3:2) (m) Prerequisite: Clo. and Text. 360. Recom-
mended: Bot. 101 or Zool. 105.

Fiber structure, properties, finishes, and care as they affect fabric per-
formance.

594. Special Problems. (l-2:Arr.:Arr.) Prerequisites: 15 semester hours in
clothing and textiles and consent of instructor.

Individual study in si>ecial areas of interest related to textiles or be-
havioral aspects of clothing.

595. Problems in Construction. (l-2:Arr.:Arr.) Prerequisites: 15 semester hours
in clothing and textiles and consent of instructor.

Individual study in special areas of interest related to clothing con-
struction.



COMMUNICATIONS 205



Communications



Professors: G. Barrus, Bradley, Burnett, Rich, Smith.

Associate Professors: Barney, Beckham, Haroldsen (Chairman, D-501 HFAC),
Richards.

Assistant Professors: Fairbanks, Hickman, McKinlay, Mills, Tarbox.

Instructors: W. Barrus, Jerome, Johnson, Toscano.

Special Instructors: Christensen, Cornwall, Duncan, Hampton, Hindmarsh, Mc-
Donald, McLean, Manning, Olsen, Shaw, Walker, Whitaker.

The professional program in communications includes a broad base of general
education through orientation in the processes, functions, and responsibilities of
mass communication and the development of skills in fact finding, analysis,
and commiuiication through the mass media.



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