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classes in addition to the above requirements:

Organ majors — Music 167, 391, 468.

Woodwind majors — Music 368 and 4 hours of chamber music.
Brass majors — Music 370 and 4 hours of chamber music.
String majors — Music 372 and 4 hour3 of chamber music.
Voice majors — Music 165, 166.

Voice majors are required to take a total of 12 hours in three languages:
German, Italian, and French.

The proficiency audition at the end of the junior year determines the stu-
dent's readiness for the preparation of the required senior recital. The senior
recital is normally presented during the Winter Semester of the senior year and
replaces the audition for that semester.

The following are the general education requirements for performance majors:

Hours

English 6

Biological science 3

Physical science (Physics 167 recommended) 3



MUSIC 415



Social science (Hist. Ill recommended) 3

Religion 16

Humanities (including Music 103, 484, 485, and 5 hours of electives,

3 of which may be Forum Assy, credit) 13

History 170 3

Health 130 2

RE 2

The following sequence of courses is recommended for majors in performance:



Sophomore F

Religion 2

Language (voice majors) - .. 4

Music 202

Music 291, 292 4

Music 160R 2

Ensemble 1

P.E I

Dev. Assy i

Hist. 170 3



W

2
4
2
4
2
1



Total hours



17 16



Junior F W

Religion 2 2

Language (voice majors) .... 4 4

Music 484, 485 3 3

Ensemble 1 1

Music 360R 2 2

Music 472 3



Electives (must include

special music classes) .... 2

Dev. Assy I

General education 2



Total hours



16^ 165



Senior F

Music electives for voice

or 481 for others 3

Music 491

Ensemble 1

Music 360R 2

Dev. Assy i

Electives (must include
special music classes)

General education 10



W



Total hours



16i 165



Degree in Music Theory

For a Bachelor of Arts degree with a composite major in music theory, a student
is required to complete the following music courses or their equivalents:

Hours (2nd-year proficiency) 8

Music 191, 192, 193, 194, Music 160R, 360R if specialty is

291, 292, 391, 392, 471, piano (3rd-year proficiency).. 12

472, 481, 482, 491 37 Music 202 2

Music 103 2 Ensembles (at least 2 different

Music 160R (functional piano, ensembles) 4

pass 2nd-year proficiency) .... 8

Music 160R, 360R on special- Total hours 61

ty other than piano

Music 484 and 485 should be taken to satisfy the general education require-
ments in humanities and fine arts.

The hours to be taken in individual or group instruction may be reduced if a
student, as determined by entrance examinations, has already had considerable
training in these areas. At the end of each semester of individual instruction, the
student takes an examination on his major instrument or in voice to determine
his level of achievement. For the examination, each candidate submits a list of
his repertoire indicating compositions or studies especially prepared for the ex-
amination. Forms on which a record of the student's repertoire is kept and out-
lines of instrumental and vocal proficiency requirements are available at the
Music Department office.

Majors in music theory participate in musical ensembles for a minimum of
four semesters of undergraduate training. The student performs in at least two
ensembles. A student whose specialty is a band or orchestral instrument takes
two hours of instrumental ensemble and two hours of choral ensemble. A stu-
dent whose specialty is voice sings in at least two choral ensembles.

Every music theory major must appear a minimum of 30 minutes in solo and
chamber music recitals, at least 10 minutes of which must be solo performance.



416 MUSIC



The ability to play the piano is an indispensable tool for music theory majors;
consequently, every major in music theory must pass a functional piano pro-
ficiency examination (second-year standards) during the first semester of resi-
dence or take group or individual piano instruction until he passes the
examination.

The following sequence of courses is recommended for majors in music theory:



Sophomore F

P.E I

Religion 2

Dev. Assy s

Hist. 170

Social science 3

Language 102

Music 291, 292 4

Music 160R (specialty) 2

Ensemble 1

Electives (Language 101

if needed) 4



W



Dev. Assy h i

Music 391, 392 3 3

Music 491 3

Music 160R or

360R (specialty) 2 2

Music 202 2



Total hours



16i 15J



Total hours



17 17



Junior F W

Music 484, 485 3 3

Language 201 4

Religion 2 2

Social science 2



Senior F W

Biological science 3 3

Physical science 3 3

Dev. Assy i I

Music 471, 472 3 3

Music 481, 482 3 3

Music 160R or 360R

(specialty) 2 2

Elective 2 2



Total hours



16i 16J



Degree in Music Education (Composite Major)

To receive a Bachelor of Music degree with a composite music education major,
a student is required to complete the following music courses or their equivalents:



Hours

Music 191, 192, 193, 194, 291,
292, 472, 481 22

Music 363*. 364*, 367, 368,

370, 372 9

Music 202, 374, 375, 376, 378 .. 10



Music 103, 484, 485 8

Ensemble 6

Private instruction on specialty .. 12
Music 165 (voice specialty) (1)



Total hours



67-68



*For students with instrumental specialties only,
voice as a specialty should take Music 566.



Those students taking



(This degree requires additional professional education courses to meet teach-
ing certification requirements. For details see the Education section of this
catalog. )

Wind instrumentalists and percussionists who pursue one of the music educa-
tion degrees participate at least one semester in marching band. Voice majors
must sing in at least two types of choral ensembles, and string majors must per-
form at least four semesters with the orchestra.

For the baccalaureate degree with a composite major in music education, the
student pursues the following sequence of courses:



Sophomore F W

Music 291, 292 4 4

Music 165 (for vocal

emphasis) (1)

Music 160R, 360R 2 2

Music 363, 364 (566 for
voice emphasis; to be
taken junior or sen-
ior year) 1 1

Ensemble 1 1



Music 202

Music 370, 368 2

Music 372

Forum Assy I

Dev. Assy I

Rehgion 2

Hist. 170 3

P.E I



Total hours



161-171 17S



MUSIC 417



Junior F W Senior F W

Music 472 3 Music 481 3

Music 484 3 Music 485 3

Music 160R, 360R 2 2 Music 566 (vocal

Ensemble 1 1 emphasis only) 2

Music 367 1 Religion (2 blk)

Music 374, 375 2 2 Social science 3

Music 376, 378 2 2 Humanities 2

Forum Assy h h Music 479 (8 blk)

Religion 2 2 Ed. 310 (2 blk)

Physical science 3 Health 362 (2 blk)

Biological science 3 Ed. 415 (2 blk)

Ed. 301B 2 Ed. 403 4

Music 377 3

Total hours 16 15-17



Total hours 18^ 18^

Students electing a Bachelor of Arts degree with a composite music educa-
tion major should take the above outline plus 12 hours of foreign language, 3
hours of physical science, 3 hours of biological science, and 2 hours of social
science.

Every music education major must pass a functional piano proficiency exam-
ination before being permitted to student teach.

Music education majors also take a proficiency examination each semester
covering the materials studied in the student's private lessons on his major in-
strument or voice. The sophomore proficiency standards must be passed before
a student is allowed to continue into advanced study (Music 360R). A minimum
of one year of advanced study is required before graduation. The final pro-
ficiency examination is taken at the end of the year of advanced study, at which
time the student will have completed all performance requirements for his de-
gree.

Every music education major must have appeared a minimum of 30 minutes in
solo and chamber music recital, 20 minutes of which must be solo appearance
time.

Degree in Music Composition

The music composition major is designed for those who would like to become
well prepared as composers. Although the immediate demand for composers is
limited, there are a great many personal satisfactions to be derived in this field.
The requirements for the degree are as follows:

1. General education requirements: Hours

English 6

P.E 2

Religion 16

Hist. 170 3

Social science (Hist. Ill) 3

Physical science (Physics 167 recommended) 3

Biological science 3

Humanities (Music 103, 484, 485) 13

2. Music theory: Hours

Music 191, 194 8

Music 291, 292 8

Music 471, 472 6

Music 481, 482 6

Music 491 3

Music 391 3

An additional semester of keyboard harmony is available for those whose
schedules permit it.



418 MUSIC



3. Music Performance; Ensemble, and Conducting: Hours

Music 202 2

Applied music 12

Ensemble 5

Music 160R, 360R (major instrument and/or keyboard)

The 12 hours in applied music should be used for the refinement of the stu-
dent's performing sensitivity and the acquisition of substantial keyboard tech-
nique. The exact ratio of hours in each of these areas is to be determined
by the student and his adviser, but a typical case would devote 4-6 hours
to keyboard and 6-8 hours to the major instrument. Where the major in-
strument is piano, part of the 12 hours should be devoted to the study of an
orchestra instrument and/or voice.

4. Composition Seminar — 16 hours:

This seminar meets in one session, two hours per week, during which time
the student composers examine each other's efforts, discuss issues, hear lec-
tures by various faculty members, meet with visiting composers, hear per-
formances of their works, and engage in such other activities as the teachers
of the seminar may devise. In addition to their two hours of seminar
per week, the student composers have a half-hour private session with one
of the teachers of the seminar.

5. Electives — 8 hours.

Courses

101. Introduction to Music. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-HA) Ashby, Earl,

Powley, Wakefield
Introduction to the fundamental concepts of melody, rhythm, harmony,
form, styles, etc., as a basis for understanding and enjoying the master-
pieces of the various musical eras. Open to all students without previous
training in music.

103. Survey of Music Literature. (2:2:0) (G-HA m) Prerequisite: for nonmusic

majors and minors — Music 101 or equivalent. Barnes, Powley

An intensive study of the history of music, including styles, forms, and

mediums from the Middle Ages to the present. Required of all music majors

during the first year of study.

105R. Class Piano for Beginners in Music. (2:2:0 ea.) Foxley

Minimum of one hour of daily practice required outside of the class. In-
struction in notation of music and in keyboard technique, especially de-
signed for prospective elementary school teachers.

106. Group Organ Instruction. (2:2:0) Prerequisite: moderately advanced pro-
ficiency at the piano. Special fee. Keeler

Elements of organ manual and pedal technique, elementary repertoire,
application to church service.

107, 108. Group Piano Instruction. (2:2:0 ea.) Foxley, Keeler, Wakefield

Designed for those music majors and minors who cannot pass the piano
proficiency examination. Not open to piano majors. Minimum of one hour
daily practice required outside of the class.

IIOR. University Chorale. (1:0:5 ea.)

116R. Male Chorus. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Woodward

119R. Women's Chorus. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Downs

125R. A Cappella Choir. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Woodward

128R. Opera Workshop. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

Arbizu, Curtis



MUSIC 419



129R. Opera Workshop Soloists. (1:0:5-10 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of direc-
tor. Arbizu, Curtis
A class which provides opportunity for singers to become acquainted
with opera Hterature through the performance of opera excerpts and, in
conjunction with opera workshop chorus, produce complete operas on stage.

131R. Oratorio Choir. (1:0:5 ea. ) Prerequisite: consent of director. Halliday

134. Basic Choral Training. (1:0:2) Prerequisite admission by audition.

The development of basic skills in choral singing and a knowledge of
music fundamentals preparatory to membership in select choral groups.

135R. Varsity and Marching Band. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

Elkington

138R. Concert Band. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. R. Laycock

I44R. Theatre Orchestra. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

147R. Symphony Orchestra. (1:0:5 ea. ) Prerequisite: consent of director.

R. Laycock

148R. Chamber Orchestra. (1:0:4 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Dalton
Repertoire for small orchestra, chosen from all periods, will be explored
and/or prepared for performance.

149R. Introduction to Concert Music. (1:1:0 ea.) Powley

Illustrated lectures in preparation for selected concert attendance given
before each concert or recital.

150R. Chamber Music: Brass, Piano, Ancient Instrument, String, Vocal, or Wood-
wind Ensemble. (1:0:3 ea.)

159R. Beginning Applied Instruction. (2:1:0 ea.)

Fifteen half-hour lessons per semester. One to two hours of practice per
day required. Special fee.

Brass — Trumpet, Cornet, French Horn, Trombone, Baritone, Tuba:

Dayley, Gibbons, Glenn, R. Laycock
Harpsichord: Wakefield

Organ: Belnap, Cundick, Foxley, Keeler, Longhurst, Manookin

Percussion: Powley

Piano: Foxley, Nibley, Pollei, Smith, Wakefield

Recorder: Wakefield

Strings — Violin, Viola, Cello, String Bass, Classical Guitar:

Ashby, Dalton, Goodman, Kalt, H. Laycock, Nordgren, Sardoni
Voice: Arbizu, Barnes, Curtis, Davis, Downs, Earl, Gibbons, Halliday, Harris.

Terry, Webb, Woodward
Woodwinds — Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon, Saxophone:

Randall, Stubbs, Wight, Williams

160R. Intermediate Applied Instruction. (2:1:0 ea.) Prerequisite: admission by
audition.

Fifteen 45-minute lessons per semester. One to two hours of practice per
day required. Special fee. (For instructors see Music 159R.)

163. History and Development of the Piano. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: consent of in-
structor. Hansen

The musical and technical development of the piano and its ancestral
instruments in their social contexts through the present day.

164. Piano Tuning Theory. (2:2:0) Prerequisites: Music 163, consent of instruc-
tor, and special auditory test. Hansen

Theory of piano keyboard temperaments. Includes Pythagorean, Equal
Aron's (Just) and Marpurg's (Meantone), and tool use.



420 MUSIC



165, 166. Diction for Singers. (1:1:1 ea.) Prerequisite: should be taken concur-
rently with private or group voice study. Music 165 a prerequisite for
Music 166. Required for all applied voice majors. Music education voice
specialty required to take 165 only. Downs, Halliday

First semester: a study of English, Italian, and Latin diction as related
to singing. Second semester: a study of German and French diction as re-
lated to singing.

167. Organ Problems. (2:2:0) Keeler

Registration, accompaniment playing, and related problems.

170. Group Vocal Instruction. (1:2:0) Arbizu, Downs

Class instruction for beginners in vocal production.

175. Piano Tuning Laboratory. (3:1:7) Prerequisites: Music 163, and concurrent
registration in Music 164. Hansen

At least seven supervised hours of weekly piano tuning experience. A
minimum of four pianos per week will be tuned by each student.

187. Composition. (2:1:2) (m) Prerequisites: performance ability on the major
instrument, piano proficiency, and evidence of composing ability.

Bradshaw, Dayley, Manookin
Basic techniques of contemporary music, smaller forms for keyboard,
choral, and instrumental composition, including church music.

191, 192. First-Year Theory. (2:2:1 ea.) (m) Prerequisites: reading ability in
music and one year of piano study, or concurrent registration in Music 107,
108, or in private piano instruction.

Tonal harmony, part writing, modulation, analysis, simple forms, key-
board. Taken concurrently with Music 193 and 194, respectively, unless re-
quired proficiency in music skills demonstrated.

193, 194. First- Year Music Skills. (2:0:4 ea.) (m) Prerequisites: reading ability
in music and one year of piano study, or concurrent registration in Music
107, 108, or in private piano instruction.

Ear training, dictation, sight singing. Either four 1-hour or two 2-hour
periods per week. Taken concurrently with Music 191 and 192, respectively,
unless proficiency in part writing is demonstrated.

201. Baton Technique and Hymnody. (2:2:0) Downs, Earl

Introduction to the fundamental concepts and skills of baton technique
and congregational hymn singing and conducting. Open to all students.

202. Essentials in Conducting. (2:2:0) Earl, R. Laycock, Williams

The fundamental course for the development of complete body skills
and coordinations necessary for the conductor. Required of all music majors
and minors.

226. Music Fundamentals and Skills for Elementary Education Teachers. (2:2:1)

Davis, Foxley, Glenn, Groesbeck, Terry, Webb
Practical experiences in fundamentals and skills of music. Instruction in
techniques of playing simple melody and harmony instruments and writing
music symbols. Required of elementary education majors.

262, 263. Piano Accompaniment. (1:1:2 ea.) Smith

Study and practical application of the basic aspects of accompanying.

264. Piano Technology. (2:2:0) Prerequisites: Music 164, 175. Hansen

This class relates every part of the piano to the whole and teaches

mechanical regulation of action, pedal traps, care, and general maintenance.

275. Piano Tuning and Technical Laboratory. (3:1:7) Prerequisites: Music 164,
175. Hansen

More advanced tuning and mechanical mastery of piano regulating. Re-
quires a minimum of four pianos weekly (7 hours) regulated or tuned.



MUSIC 421



276. Fine Tuning and Regulating Laboratory. (4:1:9) Prerequisites: Music
264, 275. Hansen

Fine tuning and regulating of both uprights and grands.

291, 292. Second-Year Theory. (4:4:3 ea.) Prerequisites: Music 192, 194.

Diatonic and chromatic harmony, modulation, ear training, dictation,
sight singing, keyboard, choral harmonization, form and analysis, elemen-
tary composition, and contemporary compositional techniques.

310R. University Chorale. (1:0:5 ea.)

316R. Male Chorus. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Woodward

319R. Women's Chorus. (1:0:5 ea. ) Prerequisite: consent of director. Downs

325R. A Cappella Choir. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Woodward

328R. Opera Workshop. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Curtis

329R. Opera Workshop Soloists. (1:0:5-10 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

Curtis

331R. Oratorio Choir. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Halliday

335R. Varsity and Marching Band. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

Elkington

336. Fundamentals and Techniques of Marching Band. (2:2:2) Prerequisites:
Music 291, 292. Elkington

Designed to help music education majors learn the techniques of plan-
ning, charting, and scoring music for marching bands.

337. Music and Materials for Elementary Children. (2:2:1) Prerequisite: Music
226. Davis, Foxley, Glenn, Groesbeck, Terry, Webb

Materials, methods, and problems pertaining to the teaching of music to
elementary children. Required of all elementary education majors.

338R. Concert Band. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. R. Laycock

344R. Theatre Orchestra. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

347R. Symphony Orchestra. (1:0:5 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director.

R. Laycock

348R. Chamber Orchestra. (1:0:4 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of director. Dalton

349R. Collegium Musicum. (1:0:3 ea.) Barnes

Designed for advanced instrumentalists and vocalists (nonmusic ma-
jors as well as music majors) for credit or audit. Reading of music litera-
ture and study of performance practices, medieval to contemporary. Some
reading performances for music classes and recital series.

350R. Chamber Music: Brass, Piano, Ancient Instrument, String, Vocal, or Wood-
wind Ensemble. (1:0:3 ea. )

360R. Advanced Major Instrumental Applied Instruction. (2:1:0 ea.) Prerequi-
site: pass sophomore proficiency standards.

Fifteen 45-minute lessons per semester. Two hours of practice required
per day. Special fee. (For instructors see Music 159R.)

363, 364. Vocal Workshop. (1:0:2 ea.) Prerequisite: Music 363 must be taken
before 364. Arbizu, Curtis, Downs, Webb

Voice building, problems of solo and group singing, and survey of solo
and small ensemble literature. Designed for music education majors with
instrumental specialties only. Those students taking voice as a specialty
should not enroll in this class.



422 MUSIC



367. Percussion Workshop. (1:0:3) Prerequisite: Music 192 or equivalent. Powley

Designed to help music education majors learn to play and to teach
percussion instruments. Survey of materials.

368. Woodwind Workshop. (2:0:5) Prerequisite: Music 192 or equivalent.

RandaU, Stubbs, Williams
Designed to help music education majors learn to play and to teach
woodwind instruments. Survey of materials.

370. Brass Workshop. (2:0:5) Prerequisite: Music 192 or equivalent.

Elkington, Glenn
Designed to help music education majors learn to play and to teach
brass instruments. Survey of materials.

372. String Workshop. (2:0:5) Prerequisite: Music 192 or equivalent.

Ashby, Kalt, Sardoni
Designed to help music education majors learn to play and to teach
string instruments. Survey of materials.

374. Choral Practicum. (2:0:5) Prerequisites: Music 165, 202, 292, 364, or
equivalent. Earl, Harris, Woodward

Designed for music education majors. Experience in choral conduct-
ing and singing of typical school materials. Observation and application of
rehearsal techniques.

375. Instrumental Practicum. (2:0:5) Prerequisites: Music 202, 292, 367, 368,
370, 372, or equivalent. R. Laycock, Sardoni

Experience for music education majors in orchestra and band con-
ducting and playing of school materials on the students' minor instruments.
Observation and application of rehearsal techniques.

376. Music Specialist in the Elementary School. (2:2:1) Prerequisites: first-
year music theory and Music 226 or equivalent. Groesbeck

The role of the music specialist as teacher, resource person, consultant, or
supervisor in the elementary school. Required of all music education
majors. Open to elementary education majors with a music minor, in lieu
of Music 337.

377. Secondary Teaching Procedures. (3:3:1) Prerequisite: Ed. 301B.

Gibbons, Mason
The development of music education concepts: philosophy, objectives,
principles, management, and methodology.

378. General Music Practicum. (2:2:5) Prerequisite: Music 337. Gibbons

Designed for music education majors. Experience in materials, method-
ology, and management of the general music education program in public
school.

387R. Advanced Composition. (2:1:2 ea.) (m) Prerequisite: Music 187.

Bradshaw, Dayley, Manookin
Techniques ajid understanding of composition for contemporary music,
large forms for keyboard, choral, instrumental, and church music.

391. Harmony at the Keyboard. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Music 192 and moder-
ately advanced keyboard technique. Keeler

Harmonization of figured and unfigured basses and other voices; ca-
dences, sequences, transpositions, modulations, and improvisations at the
keyboard.

392. Keyboard Harmony. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Music 391. Keeler

Continuation of keyboard harmony material of Music 391, emphasizing
secondary triads and seventh chords, nonharmonic tones, secondary domi-
nants and diminished sevenths, augmented triads and augmented sixths,
chromatic modulation, and improvisation. Harmonizing of chorales and
figured basses.



MUSIC 423



421. Materials and Music Literature for the Elementary Child. (1:1:1:) Pre-
requisites: Music 226, 337. Davis, Groesbeck
Designed to develop a basic repertoire of children's songs for the ele-
mentary education music minor.

463. Piano Accompanying. (1:0:3) Smith

468. Organ Problems. (2:2:0) Prerequisites: Music 167, advanced standing as
an organ student, and consent of instructor. Keeler

Registration, accompaniment playing, and related problems.

471. Sixteenth-Century Counterpoint. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Music 292.

Belnap, Cundick, Nordgren

472. Eighteenth-Century Counterpoint. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Music 292.

Bradshaw, Cundick, Manookin

479. Secondary Student Teaching. (8:full day, 1st and 2nd blocks of semesters)

Prerequisite: Music 377. Gibbons, Glenn, Mason

See Ed. 479.

481, 482. Orchestration. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Music 292.

Bradshaw, Sardoni, Williams



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