those who wish to become familiar with reactor physics or nuclear engineering
physics. The program outlined below exhibits a possible applied physics program
with nuclear reactor and nuclear engineering emphasis. Graduate students may
obtain either an M.S. degree in applied physics emphasizing nuclear engineering
physics or they may obtain an M.S. degree in physics with a nuclear engineering
minor consisting of Physics 555, 557 and Chem. Eng. 582, 583.
454 PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
Nuclear Power Option
Freshman Year Hours
Physics 121, 122 6
Math. 112, 113 8
Chem. Ill, 112, 113 8
Religion and Dev. Assy 5
Sophomore Year Hours
Physics 221, 222, 214, 316,
Math. 214 3
Religion and Dev. Assy 5
Econ. Ill 3
Comput. Sci. 131 2
Electives (soc. sci. and hum.) .. 5
Health 130 and phys. ed 3
Hist. 170 — 3
Junior Year Hours
Physics 321, 318, 341,
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Mech. Eng. 321, 322, 412,
Elec. Eng. 301, 302, 303 5
Religion and Dev. Assy 5
Senior Year Hours
Physics 551, 552, 555,
557. 497R 12
Electives 'bio. sci. and hum.) .. 9
Chem. Eng. 378, 582, 583 8
Elec. Eng. 531 3
Dev. Assy. 1
Civ. Eng. 471 3
MS-3 and ME-3 Programs for Physicists and Engineers. Students who desire
to obtain an engineering degree with a strong physics and mathematics emphasis
are invited to consider the MS-3 (with thesis) and ME-3 (without thesis) pro-
gram. These begin in the junior year and are available to students who have
completed the foundation program outlined above for the freshman and sopho-
more years. They lead to a B.S. degree in applied physics and a professional
degree (M.S. or M.E. ) in one of the departments of engineering.
MA-3 Program for Secondary and Junior College Teachers. A student who
plans to teach in the secondary school or in junior college should consider the
B.A. degree. The requirements for this degree are such that the student can
complete certification in Utah and obtain the degree by the end of his senior
year even though he decides on a physics major relatively late in his college
career. He may then continue into an M.A. program to further qualify himself
for a teaching career. The MA-3 program outlined below exhibits a possible
program leading to the B.A. and M.A. degrees in physics beginning in the
junior year. If the student is interested only in junior college teaching, the
program can be considerably simplified by the elimination of the physical
science and education courses and the use of Ed. 640, 642, and 644 for the
Prerequisites in this program are Math. Ill, 112 plus all general education
requirements outside of the physical sciences and mathematics.
Junior Year F W
Math. 113, 214, 434 ... 4 3
Ed. 301B 2
Physics 211; 213, 214 5 5
Physics 317 3
Religion 2 2
Math. 301, 302, 371 ... 3 3
Senior Year F
Physics 222, 316;
Phys. Sci. 377 3
Physics 321 4
Phys. Sci. 479
Physics 318, 511 3
Ed. 403, 415
16 12 12
PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY 455
Graduate Year F W Su Physics 699 (thesis) .. 6
Physics 341 3
Physics 551, 552 3 3 Total hours 12 11 9
physics series 3 3 Suggested Minors:
Minor 6 3 Math. 387, 501, 502; Ed. 640, 642,
Physics 386 2 644.
A recommended program for the physics minor is Physics 121, 122, 221, 222,
214, 316 (or Physics 211, 213, 214, 222 and 316).
100. Fundamentals of Physics. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-PS m)
Principles of classical and modern physics as they relate to current con-
cepts of our physical environment.
101. Current Topics in Physics. (3:3:0) (G-PS m) Prerequisite: Physics 100.
Follow-up course to Physics 100. Topics will be selected from fields
of current interest, such as radio astronomy, quasars, age of the earth,
lasers, elementary particles, etc.
105. Introductory Physics. (3:4:0) (G-PS, ML m) Prerequisite: completion of
or concurrent registration in Math. 105 or 111 or 121. Recommended: con-
current registration in Physics 107.
An applied physics course not requiring calculus. Topics include me-
chanics, heat, wave motion, sound.
106. Introductory Physics. (3:4:0) (G-PS, ML m) Prerequisite: completion of
or concurrent registration in Math. 105, 111, or 121. Recommended: con-
current registration in Physics 108.
An applied physics course not requiring calculus. Topics include elec-
tricity and magnetism, introduction to atomic and solid state physics,
107. Introductory Physics Laboratory. (1:0:3) (G-PS, ML m) Prerequisite:
completion of or concurrent registration in Physics 105.
108. Introductory Physics Laboratory. (1:0:3) (G-PS, ML m) Prerequisite:
completion of or concurrent registration in Physics 106.
110. The Development of Scientific Thought. (3:3:0) (G-PS, ML m)
A nonmathematical course showing the historical development of some
of the important ideas of physics; emphasizing the inductive method of
arriving at scientific concepts and showing the relationship of those concepts
to other areas of thought.
121, 122. Principles of Physics. (3:4:0 ea.) (G-PS m) Prerequisite: comple-
tion of or concurrent registration in Math. 112 or 141.
Mechanics (first semester); electricity and magnetism (second semester).
(See 221 for waves, optics, thermal physics.) Primarily for students in
science and engineering.
127. Descriptive Astronomy. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-PS m)
A nonmathematical presentation of our knowledge of the content and
history of the cosmos. Frequent use is made of the observatory and
planetarium. Students taking this course may not receive credit for
Physics 129, 130.
128. Elementary Astronomy Laboratory. (1:0:2) (G-PS m) Prerequisite:
Physics 127 or 129.
A laboratory course in elementary observational astronomy designed to
give the student firsthand experience in observing and analyzing basic
456 PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
129, 130. Introduction to Astronomy. (2:2:0 ea.) (G-PS m) Prerequisite: high
school algebra and trigonometry.
A survey of the whole field of astronomy for students primarily inter-
ested in the sciences. Students taking this course may not receive credit
for Physics 127.
137. Environmental Physics. (3:3:0) Home Study also. (G-PS m)
Introduction to nature, evolution, and perturbation of the environment:
weather and climate, energy utilization, dispersion of pollutants, radiation
and thermal balance, entropy, etc.
167. Descriptive Acoustics of Music and Speech. (3:3:0) (G-PS m)
An introductory acoustics course, with emphasis on the physical princi-
ples underlying the production and perception of music and speech.
177. Physics of Light and Photography. (3:2:3) Home Study also. (G-PS m)
An introductory course with laboratory, with emphasis on the scientific
principles related to photography.
201, 202. General Physics. (5:5:3 ea.) (G-PS, ML m) Prerequisite: Math. 109
A general course with laboratory for students in premedical, predental,
and biological science programs. Topics include: mechanics, heat, sound,
light, electricity and magnetism, atomic and nuclear physics.
211, 213. Principles of Physics: Classical. (5:5:0, 4:5:0) (G-PS m) Prerequi-
sites: Math. 112; completion of or concurrent registration in Math. 113.
Students in Physics 213 should register for Physics 214 concurrently.
Mechanics, heat, sound, light, electricity, and magnetism for physical
science and engineering majors. Physics 213 is adequate prerequisite for
214. Principles of Physics Laboratory. (1:0:3) (G-PS m) Prerequisite: com-
pletion of or concurrent registration in Physics 221 or 213.
221, 222. Principles of Physics. (3:4:0 ea.) (G-PS m) Prerequisite: Physics 122.
Continuation of Physics 121, 122 sequence. Thermal physics, waves,
optics (first semester); special relativity, quantum effects, atomic and
nuclear physics (second semester).
300. Philosophical Foundations of Modem Physics. (3:3:0) (G-PS m) Prerequi-
site: college-level course in chemistry or physics, or consent of instructor.
Selected topics in modern physics (e.g., relativity and quantum mechan-
ics) will be briefly developed and examined for their philosophical impli-
cations. Some current challenging problems will be explored.
316. Atomic and Nuclear Physics Laboratory. (1:0:3) (m) Prerequisite: com-
pletion of or concurrent registration in Physics 222.
317, 318. Elementary Methods in Theoretical Physics. (3:3:0 ea.)
Formal procedures in theoretical physics; applications of linear algebra,
vector analysis, complex analysis, Fourier techniques, etc., to the classical
equations of physics.
321, 322. Mechanics. (4:4:0 ea.) (m) Prerequisite: Physics 317.
Newton's laws applied to particles and systems of particles, including
rigid bodies. Conservation principles, Lagrange's equations, Hamilton's
equations, and special relativity.
341, 342. Electricity and Magnetism. (3:3:0 ea.) (m) Prerequisite: Physics 317.
Classical theory of electricity and magnetism developed from its experi-
mental foundations. Electrostatics, magnetostatics, currents and their as-
sociated fields, circuit theory, and Maxwell's equations.
PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY 457
386. Advanced Experimental Techniques. (2:1:5)
Basic techniques in electrical, optical, thermal, electronics, etc., measure-
ments and instrumentation for contemporary experimental physics.
387. Advanced Physics Laboratory. (2:1:3) Prerequisite: Physics 386 or equiva-
Application of contemporary methods and instruments to the experi-
mental observation and measurement of physical phenomena.
391, 392. Seminar in Current Physics. (1:1:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of
431. Thermal Physics. (3:3:0) (m)
Principles of thermodynamics, with introduction to the concepts of kinetic
theory and statistical mechanics.
441. Electronics for Physicists. (5:3:6)
Fundamental concepts of electronics and basic circuitry, with emphasis
on the tools needed for specialized research in a variety of fields of physics.
471. Optics and Electromagnetic Theory. (3:3:0) (m)
An intermediate treatment of physical and quantum electromagnetic
wave phenomena, with introduction to modern topics such as coherent in-
terference, holography, lasers, radiation, etc.
497R. Introduction to Research. (1-3:0:2-6 ea.) (m)
511. Introduction to Theoretical Physics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Math. 434 or
Basic principles of physics, with emphasis on their mathematical formu-
lation. Topics treated vary from year to year.
513R. Special Topics in Contemporary Physics. (1-3:1-3:0 ea.) Prerequisite:
consent of instructor.
Course content varies from year to year. Subject matter will generally
be related to recent developments in physics.
517, 518. Mathematical Physics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Physics 318 or
Topics in modern theoretical physics, including applications of matrix
and tensor analysis and linear differential and integral operators.
527, 528. Introduction to Astrophysics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of
Fundamental principles and observational techniques of astrophysics.
529. Observational Astrophysics. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Physics 527, 528.
Survey of important areas of current research in modem observational
536, 537. Space and Planetary Physics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of
Topics will include solar physics, interplanetary fields, atmospheres of
earth and planets. Offered on sufficient demand.
551. Elements of Quantum Theory. (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Physics 221; Math.
434; or equivalent.
Analytical foundations of quantum mechanics; applications from atomic
and molecular spectroscopy, quantum statistics, solid state physics, etc.
552. Elements of Nuclear Theory. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Physics 551 or equiva-
Foundations of nuclear physics considered in a quantum theory context;
nuclear scattering, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, nuclear models, ele-
mentary particles, etc.
458 PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
555. Nuclear Reactor Physics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Chem. Eng. 582 or consent
Introduction to neutron physics in multiplying and nonmultiplying
media; diffusion and slowing down of neutrons; multigroup reactor theory.
557. Nuclear Reactor Physics Laboratory. (1:1:2) Prerequisite: Physics 555.
Laboratory experiments in neutron and nuclear reactor physics; reactor
operation; cross-section, neutron age, and diffusion parameter measure-
561. Fundamentals of Acoustics. (4:4:0)
General consideration of the generation, transmission, and reception of
sound. Discussion of vibrating systems, properties of elastic media, me-
chanical and electrical energy, and radiation.
562. Acoustical Measurements. (2:0:4) Prerequisite: completion of or concur-
rent registration in Physics 561.
Selected experiments in acoustics.
565R. Acoustics of Music and Speech. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Physics 561 or con-
sent of instructor.
Content alternates between topics in music and topics in speech. Sound
production and perception; techniques for analysis and synthesis; com-
puter modeling; machine recognition; ensemble effects. Offered on suf-
566R. Architectural Acoustics and Noise. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Physics 561
or consent of instructor.
Content alternates between topics in architectural acoustics and topics in
noise. Computer modeling of enclosures; techniques for measuring noise
spectra; room design; noise control. Offered on sufficient demand.
581. Introduction to X-Ray Diffraction Analysis. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: consent
Introduction to the theory and experimental techniques of X-ray diffrac-
tion, including an introduction to crystal geometry. Offered on sufficient
582. X-Ray Crystallography. (3:2:3) Prerequisite: Physics 581 or equivalent.
Introduction to X-ray crystallography, with emphasis on the space
groups and structure-dominated crystal physics. Offered on sufficient de-
591R. Seminar. (1:1:0)
Required of all graduate students every semester in residence.
611, 612. Astrophysics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
The theory of stellar atmospheres and interstellar matter. Offered on
617. Advanced Topics in Theoretical Physics. (3:3:0)
Applications of tensor analysis, differential geometry, and differential
forms to various topics in physics, such as mechanics, optics, relativity,
and fluid mechanics.
618. Advanced Topics in Theoretical Physics. (3:3:0)
Symmetry principles in quantum physics, emphasizing group theory; ap-
plications to solid state, nuclear physics, relativity, and quantum field
621. Dynamics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Physics 322.
Advanced treatment of classical mechanics, including Lagrange's and
Hamilton's equations, rigid body motion, and canonical transformations.
623. Dynamics of Continuous Media. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Physics 621.
The mechanics of systems with an infinite number of degrees of free-
dom. Topics include elasticity and hydrodynamics. Offered on sufficient
PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY 459
625. Theory of Relativity. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Physics 621.
Review of special relativity. General relativity, with applications to
modern astrophysics. Offered on sufficient demand.
626. Relativistic Astrophysics. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Physics 625.
Applications of general relativity to modern astrophysics, including grav-
itational collapse, black holes, cosmological models, gravitational waves,
627. 628. Advanced Topics in Astrophysics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of
Internal structure of stars; galactic structure. Offered on sufficient de-
631, 632. Statistical Mechanics. (3:3:0 ea. )
Advanced thermodynamics; classical statistical mechanics; quantum sta-
tistics; transport theory.
641, 642. Mathematical Theory of Electricity and Magnetism. (3:3:0 ea.) Pre-
requisite: Physics 342.
Advanced electrostatics and magnetostatics; Maxwell's equations and
electromagnetic waves; relativistic electrodynamics; radiation theory; inter-
action of matter with electromagnetic fields.
645, 646. Plasma Physics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisites: Physics 431, 621, 642.
A study of the plasma state of matter, including a description both in
terms of individual particles and in terms of a fluid, with applications.
Offered on sufficient demand.
651, 652. Quantum Mechanics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisites: Physics 518. 551.
Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics logically developed, with applications.
655, 656. Nuclear Physics. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Physics 552.
Fundamental properties of nuclei, nuclear forces, nuclear models, electro-
magnetic properties of nuclei, particle radioactivity, nuclear reactions, and
interaction of radiation with matter. Offered on sufficient demand.
671. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy. (3:3:0) Prerequisite: consent of in-
Series and multiplet atomic spectra and rotational, vibrational, and
electronic band spectra; determination of atomic and molecular structure.
672. Observation and Analysis of Spectra. (3:1:4) Prerequisite: Physics 671 or
consent of instructor.
Analysis of optical spectra, with instrumentation and experimentation,
including stellar spectroscopic techniques.
681, 682. Modern Theory of Solid State. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisites: Physics
An introductory course for students in physics, chemistry, and engi-
neering. Physical properties of atomic and molecular systems which are
arranged in a regular periodic structure.
697R. Research. (Arr. ea.)
699. Research and Thesis for Master's Degree. (6-9:Arr.:Arr.)
711R. Advanced Topics in Physics. (1-3:1-3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: consent of
Course content varies from year to year. Special topics in theoretical
and experimental physics are treated.
751, 752. Advanced Quantum Theory. (3:3:0 ea.) Prerequisite: Physics 652 or
consent of instructor.
Topics in relativistic quantum mechanics, including quantum field theory.
797R. Research. (Arr. ea.)
799. Research and Dissertation for Ph.D. Degree. (Arr.)
460 POLITICAL SCIENCE
Professors: Farnsworth, Grow, Hickman, Hillam (Chairman, 270 MSRB), Mabey,
Melville, Midgley, Reeder.
Associate Professors: Buckwalter, Harlow, Morrell, Slover, Snow, Sorenson,
Assistant Professors: Williams, Wright.
Political Science is concerned with the interplay of power and interests in local,
national, and international communities and the resulting formulation and exe-
cution of public policy. On the basis of empirical theory and political philoso-
phy, political science analyzes, in particular, governments, parties and pressure
groups, law, and public administration. It investigates foreign political systems
and international relations in addition to emphasizing the American political
systems at all levels. The faculty members of the department have had varied
and excellent academic training as well as broad practical experience both in
this country and overseas.
Students completing the Bachelor of Arts degree in political science are cur-
rently entering high school and seminary teaching (with secondary certification),
career business positions, and government employment, including the foreign
service and military officer corps. The majority, however, are going on im-
mediately for graduate study of law. political science for junior college and uni-
versity teaching and research, public administration, and business administra-
Requirements for an Undergraduate Major
Bachelor-degree candidates majoring in political science are required to complete
satisfactorily a minimum of 30 credit hours of courses as indicated below.
No D credit may be counted toward this total.
Required Introductory Courses (to be taken prior to upper-division courses)
110 American Political System
150 Introduction to Comparative Political Systems
170 Introduction to International Politics
Required Upper-Division Courses
300 Political Inquiry (normally to be taken before other upper-division
402 Introduction to Political Philosophy (Students planning on graduate study
in political science should take either 501 or 502 in lieu of 402. Students
emphasizing political philosophy in undergraduate study should take both
501 and 502 in lieu of 402. )
Elective Upper-Division Courses
The remainder of the courses may be chosen from the fields listed below, to
include a minimum of two 500-IeveI courses (in which fewer requirements are
POLITICAL SCIENCE 461
imposed on undergraduate than on graduate students). These electives should
be selected in consultation with an adviser, according to career needs.
Political Theory and Philosophy
Pol. Sci. 501, 502, 503, 504, 506, 564.
American Political System
Pol. Sci. 310, 311, 330, 360, 361, 423, 510, 511, 514, 520, 523, 525, 535, 563, 568.
Comparative Political Systems
Pol. Sci. 350, 355, 359, 380, 457, 550, 551, 552. 553, 556, 557, 558.
Pol. Sci. 370, 371, 375. 380. 570, 572, 573, 575. 576. 578. 580.
Undergraduate majors planning on graduate study in political science should take
the following courses in preparation for the Graduate Record Examination, in
addition to the basic 30 credit hours:
508 Empirical Political Theory (to be taken semester prior to Graduate
499 Senior Seminar (to be taken last or next-to-last semester)
Related Study for Political Science Majors
No minor is required for students majoring in political science, except in connec-
tion with secondary teaching certification. Instead, majors should plan a broad
program within the social sciences.
(1) In satisfying the American history and government requirement, majors are
encouraged to take both Hist. 120 and 121, rather than 170.
(2) Study is also encouraged in each of the social sciences: economics, sociology,
and anthropology (especially Sociol. 350, 527). geography (especially 441).
psychology (esi>ecially 350. 430). and other history offerings.
Another means of achieving breadth in the social sciences is by taking a con-
current major or a minor in one of the following interdisciplinary programs: Asian
Studies. Europ>ean Studies, International Relations, or Latin American Studies.
Majors also should prepare themselves in two areas of necessary skills.
(3) For those who may plan graduate study in political science, as well as those
emphasizing either foreign or international affairs, foreign language training
is highly recommended. Such training should extend to at least the inter-
mediate level. Because the University has a language requirement or an
alternative, any other major ought to consider which would be more bene-
ficial to them.
(4) A behavioral research composite of courses emphasizing quantitative analysis
is also advisable, including Sociol. -Psych. 350. 6 credits in statistics. 3 credits
in computer science. Math. 385. plus Phil. 101, as well as relevant social
science courses in (2) above.
Senior Paper Requirement
Each student is required to submit a senior paper to the department during his
senior year. This requirement is waived if the student takes Pol. Sci. 499
Requirements for a Minor in Political Science
Bachelor-degree candidates taking a minor in political science are required to
complete satisfactorily a minimum of 15 credit hours of courses offered by the
department. The minor should emphasize breadth (all three introductory
courses, 110, 150. and 170, plus two upper-division courses) or depth (any
one of the introductory courses plus four related upper-division courses, includ-
ing one 500-level course). If the latter option does not include 110. this American
course should be taken as a part of the American history and government re-
quirement, rather than taking Hist. 170.
462 POLITICAL SCIENCE
See the Education section of this catalog for details regarding the secondary
teaching certification of a political science major or minor.
The department also offers programs leading to the Master of Arts degree in
political science, consisting of study in 500-level courses and in 600-level seminars.
The latter are offered to graduate students only.
See the Graduate School Catalog for details.