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General catalog (Volume 1972-1973) online

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separate majors for these professional areas. The student's adviser will give
assistance in planning a program that will fulfill the graduation requirements
of his department. In addition, students may receive counseling regarding pro-
fessional schools from one of the appropriate committees below.

Pre-Dental Hygiene

Adviser: August Jaussi

Schools of dental hygiene are located at most dental schools and at a few other
colleges. The course of instruction is either two years in length, leading to the


Certificate in Dental Hygiene, or four years, leading to the bachelor's degree in
dental hygiene. The four-year program is strongly recommended. The two-year
program may be entered directly after high school, although preference is given
to candidates with some college training. The four-year program requires that
the first two years be spent in college and the last two in a dental hygiene
school. Details of the first two years of training will depend upon the hygiene
schools to which the student applies and may be determined in consultation with
the adviser. Students should have a catalog of the dental hygiene school in which
they are interested when they consult with the adviser, since the program in
each school varies considerably.

Premedicine and Predentistry

391 WIDE

Entrance into medical or dental schools is based upon successful completion of
three or four years of college work with excellent grades. Competition is rigorous,
and only the very best students gain admission. Students are therefore urged
to select an alternate career and major in that discipline while they are fulfilling
the medical or dental school requirements.

Brigham Young University does not offer a major in premedicine or pre-
dentistry. Students should contact the committee at freshman orientation and
periodically thereafter in order to obtain counsel on the specific requirements
of the various professional schools and the appropriate courses to be taken at

In addition to counseling, a major function of the premedical and predental
committee is the preparation of letters of evaluation of students who are ap-
plying for admission to medical and dental schools. Such letters are prepared
at the request of the student.


Adviser: August Jaussi

The requirements for admission to schools and colleges of optometry are not
identical. Typically, the requirements include courses in English, mathematics,
physics, chemistry, and biology or zoology. Schools have varied requirements in
psychology, social sciences, literature, philosophy, and foreign language. For
details consult optometry school catalogs and counsel with the preoptometry

Prepharmacy Course

Adviser: August Jaussi

Two years of the curriculum of any pharmacy school may be completed at
Brigham Young University. For specific details, the student should consult the

Division of Agricultural Sciences

Included in the Division of Agricultural Sciences are the departments of Agri-
cultural Economics, Agronomy and Horticulture, and Animal Science. Students
taking their major work and supporting courses in these departments and in
the related basic sciences may prepare themselves for successful careers in

Agriculture has always been America's basic industry, and is more important
today than ever. The agricultural industry has developed rapidly in mechaniza-
tion and efficiency of production. The men and women engaged in agricultural
research, production, and marketing must therefore have an understanding of
the new scientific and technological developments that have taken place. They
must also have a solid foundation in the basic sciences.

All students interested in agriculture will be given an opportunity to obtain a
broad understanding of its various phases. They may specialize by taking a
major in one of the departmental curricula that will prepare them for farm and


ranch operation and management, for employment in related agricultural busi-
ness or industries, for employment with governmental organizations under civil
service, or for teaching and research. For certain kinds of work it will be neces-
sary to place strong emphasis on preparation in the basic sciences and on
graduate study for an advanced degree.

Preveterinary Course

Adviser: Keith H. Hoopes

Students planning to enter veterinary school may take their preveterinary
training at Brigham Young University. These students should register with and
obtain advisement from the preveterinary adviser in the Department of Animal

Certain entrance requirements are common to all of the veterinary schools
in the United States. The courses listed below are designed merely as a guide
to help the student fill these basic requirements. The student is advised to
consult the catalogs of veterinary schools of his choice for specific entrance
requirements that may affect him. In connection with his preveterinary cur-
riculum the student is strongly urged to work toward a bachelor's degree, in-
cluding course work in animal science and the basic sciences. A bachelor's
degree intensifies the student's ability to understand the principles of veterinary
medicine and provides an alternative should the student fail to enter veterinary

The following courses are included in the entrance requirements of most
veterinary schools: Engl. Ill, 215 or 316; Math. 101, 105, 106; Chem. 105, 106,
223, 351, 352, 353, 384; Zool. 105, 202, 203; Physics 201, 202; Bot. 101; Micro.
321; An. Sci. 121, 153, and 207. Attention also is called to the general University
requirements for graduation. Students planning to enter veterinary school are
not exempt from these general education requirements.

College of Business

Weldon J. Taylor, Dean (154 JKB)

Bryce B. Orton, Assistant Dean (154B JKB)

Students may graduate with a major in one of the following departments in
the College of Business:

Business Education
Business Management

Organization Behavior

Objectives of the College of Business

The primary purpose of the College of Business is to assist the student to
achieve success in business, government service, professional education, or
graduate study. Programs within the college are designed to provide learning
experiences to help the student acquire knowledge, insight, maturity, compe-
tence, and a sense of business ethics.

The student is expected to develop competence in the following abilities:

1. To use quantitative tools and scientific methods in analyzing the problems
and policies of the economy and the individual business firm.

2. To write and speak effectively.

3. To work with people to achieve individual and organizational objectives.

4. To use sound analysis and perceptive interpretation of economic and social


5. To think logically and abstractly.

6. To make sound decisions.

Recommended High School Preparation

Because of the increasing use of mathematics and communications in business,
a student expecting to enroll in the College of Business will find it necessary,
in order to complete the prescribed curricula without loss of time, to have
successfully completed the following high school courses or their equivalent:

3 units of English

3 units of mathematics, consisting of 2 units of algebra and 1 of geometry.

Students who have not completed the mathematics suggested above in high
school will be required to remedy the deficiency before registering for Math. 108.

Division of Business Fundamentals and College Core Requirements

All students registering in the College of Business will register as majors in the
Division of Business Fundamentals (Department Codes 208-213) until they have
completed the College of Business lower-division core course requirements and
have completed at least 64 semester hours of university credit. Upon completion
of the requirements, students who have earned a 2.25 grade-point average or
higher in the core courses listed below will be permitted to transfer to the
department in which they intend to specialize and graduate.

Acctg. 201, 202 — 6 hours

Econ. Ill, 112 — 6 hours

Math. 108 (or equivalent) — 4 hours

Stat. 221 (or equivalent) — 3 hours

Students planning to transfer into a department which requires Acctg. 232 or
Math. 109 should also take these courses while in the Division of Business

Econ. Ill and 112, listed above, apply to the University's general education
requirements in social sciences. Math. 108 auid Stat. 221 may be applied toward
the specified mathematics, statistics, logic, and science requirements.

A student majoring in one of the departments in the College of Business
must complete the seven college core courses which are in the Business Funda-
mentals Division (Math. 108, Stat. 221, Acctg. 201, 202, and 232 or Math. 109,
and Econ. Ill and 112) before commencing work in a major. Transfer students
or students changing to a College of Business major from another college will
be allowed a one-semester grace period to remove any deficiency in the Business
Fundamentals Division core requirements, or any GPA deficiency. During this
semester it will be permissible for students to register for selected courses in
their major that do not require the seven Business Fundamentals Division
courses as prerequisites.

In order that all students (except business teaching majors) who plan to
graduate with a major in any of the departments of the College of Business
may benefit from a common background of the basic information and tools
to help in their advanced work, they are also required to take the additional
core courses listed below. Normally these are completed during the junior year.

Acctg. 342 — 3 hours

Bus. Mgt. 301, 341, and 361 or Org. Behav. 321—9 hours

Econ. 301 or 302 — 3 hours

Business Education majors may take the following substitutions:

Bus. Ed. 305 for Bus. Mgt. 361 or Org. Behav. 321

Econ. 374 for Econ. 301 or 302

Econ. 353 for Bus. Mgt. 301

Business Education majors in the Business Teacher Program may also take
Bus. Mgt. 241 instead of Bus. Mgt. 341.

Economics majors may substitute Econ. 353 for Bus. Mgt. 301.


All College of Business majors are required to satisfy the English composition
requirement specified by the University. The requirement for College of Business
majors is English 111, which should be taken during the freshman year, followed
by English 215, which should be completed during the sophomore year.

It is recommended that all College of Business students take Bus. Ed. 320 to
aid in developing competence in written and oral communications as stated
in the objectives of the College of Business.

Graduate Programs

Graduate programs are also offered through the Graduate School by departments
of the College of Business. Degrees offered are —

The Master of Accountancy (M.Acc.)
The Master of Art in Organization Behavior (MA)
The Master of Business Administration (MBA)
The Master of Science in Business Education (MS)
The Master of Science in Economics (MS)

Students who contemplate entering one of these graduate programs should
consult with the department chairman prior to registering for upper-division
classes in the undergraduate program.

The program leading to the Master of Business Administration (MBA) is
designed primarily for qualified students whose undergraduate majors were
in the arts, the sciences, and other nonbusiness areas. Students who graduate
from Brigham Young University with a bachelor's degree in business manage-
ment are not admitted to the MBA program at Brigham Young University.
Those contemplating an MBA degree are advised to take a broad program in
their undergraduate work and should contact the director of the MBA program.

College of Education

Stephen L. Alley, Dean (118 MCKB)

Curtis N. Van Alfen, Associate Dean (152 MCKB)

The College of Education has as its principal function the education of teachers,
counselors, school psychologists, school librarians, principals, supervisors, super-
intendents, and other professional workers in education.

The CJollege of Education has four departments:

Elementary Education
Secondary Education and Foundations
Educational Administration
Educational Psychology

Responsibility for the Preparation of Teachers

All certificates for teaching, counseling, supervising, administration, special
education, and library work in the public schools of Utah are granted by the
State Department of Public Instruction.

When all requirements for state certification have been fulfilled, students
of the University registered in any of its colleges or in the Graduate School
will be recommended for certification by the dean of the College of Education.
The President makes final decisions on all matters pertaining to education in
the University. The President has assigned the dean of the College of Education
to act in an administrative capacity as the representative of the University.
The dean is assigned the responsibility of giving final approval on all aspects
of the teacher education program, including matters pertaining to general
education, professional education, and teaching majors and minors. All students
in the teacher certification program, regardless of their college registration, are


required to have an assigned adviser in the College of Education to approve
their programs.

Most students seeking an elementary certificate register in the College of
Education. However, elementary teaching certification programs are available
for majors in child development and family relationships and in speech cor-

Students desiring state certificates should make application with the dean
of the College of Education through the Teacher Certification Office, and not
with the State Department of Public Instruction.

Elementary School Teaching. Students who are interested in elementary school
teaching should register in the College of Education immediately. The program
is largely prescribed from the beginning of the freshman year. Late entrance
into the college may delay graduation and certification beyond the usual four
years. For course listings and prerequisites see the Department of Education
section of this catalog.

Secondary School Teaching. A student who plans to prepare for a career in high
school teaching and related activities may do so either by registering within
the College of Education or by registering in one of the other colleges of the
University. In the latter case, he must complete the required professional
education courses and the necessary subject matter and other courses for the
teaching certificate under the joint direction of an adviser in the College of
Education and an adviser in his major college. For course listings and pre-
requisites in this area, see the Department of Education section of this catalog.

Special Education. Students who are interested in preparing to teach classes
for students with intellectual handicaps, motor impairments, visual disabilities, or
learning disabilities should plan their programs with the coordinator of special
education during the freshman year. Individuals who certify in these specialized
areas are advised to obtain regular elementary or secondary teaching certificates.
Early planning will enable the student to complete requirements for basic
professional certification in special education along with his regular four-year

Indian Education. Students interested in teaching Indian children are encouraged
to enter either the elementary or secondary teaching certification programs.
While students are completing these programs, they may take certain Indian
education courses to enhance teaching competency. As each student applies for
student teaching, he indicates his desire for a teaching assignment in a public
school with Indian students. To provide even greater backgroimd, the Indian
Studies minor is available to those seeking the teaching certificate. For further
information, contact the coordinator of Indiem education in the College of
Education or the American Indian Studies Program.

Junior College Teaching. The College of Education provides appropriate training
for graduate students who are interested in junior college teaching. Students
who are registered with the Graduate School in a program leading to a master's
degree in an academic subject area may complete the requirements for a junior
college teaching credential by enrolling in professional education courses offered
in the graduate program.

Administrative-Supervisory Certificate. Students seeking certification as ad-
ministrators and /or supervisors in Utah must give evidence of at least three
years of successful teaching experience, of having a valid teaching certificate,
and of having taken eighteen semester hours of specified graduate course work.
In addition, secondary school administrators and supervisors must give evidence
of having completed a master's degree or its equivalent in course work which
may include the eighteen semester hours.

Curriculum and Instruction. Qualified students seeking specialization in the areas
of curriculum and instruction may pursue work leading to the Master of Arts,
the Master of Education, or the Doctor of Education degrees. The requirements
of these programs are found in the Graduate School Catalog.


Counseling and Guidance. Certification as a school counselor in Utah requires
approximately one year of graduate work in counseling and guidance plus two
years of successful teaching experience.

School Psychology. The Department of Education and the Psychology Depart-
ment jointly offer a program leading to state certification as a school psy-
chologist. This program requires a master's degree and ordinarily takes two years
beyond the bachelor's degree to complete. Certification in Utah requires a
valid teaching certificate. At least a year of teaching experience at either the
elementary or secondary level is also highly recommended.

Secondary School Principalship. Certification as a secondary school principal
in Utah requires a minimum of three years of successful teaching experience,
five years of study at an accredited college or university terminating in the
master's degree (or fifty-five quarter hours — thirty-seven semester hours — of
credit in graduate study, including a minimum of twenty-seven quarter hours
or eighteen semester hours of work selected from three or more areas related
to school administration). The courses listed in the catalog leading to the
master's degree in educational administration enable the candidate to obtain
the Administrative-Supervisory Certificate for Secondary Schools.

Teaching as a Second Career. A student preparing for a career in a field other
than teaching may provide himself with a second possibility for employment by
meeting the requirements for certification as a teacher while he is completing
his other preparation. By planning early in his career, he may do this within
the usual scope of the baccalaureate program and with little or no interference
with the major program. It should be noted that at present this is particularly
feasible for high school teaching, where depth of preparation in two or three
subject-matter fields is desired, but it also may be possible under special ar-
rangements in the elementary school program.

Early Decision Desirable. In either case, the student is urged to make the de-
cision as early as possible in his college career to avoid conflicts in the schedul-
ing of courses and to take fullest advantage of the maturing effect produced
by spacing the study of teaching over a period of time.

How to Proceed

Those who decide to register in the College of Education should transfer to
that college at once. All others will register in the colleges in which they
are majoring. Every candidate for a teacher's certificate, however, regard-
less of the college in which he his registered, must have his certification program
approved in the Teacher Clearance Office, Young House, before he enters Edu-
cation 301B, the first course in the professional education sequence.

All students in the teacher certification program will be required to meet
minimum standards in speech and hearing. Speech and hearing tests may be
given as part of the course requirements in the first course in the certification

How to Become Certified. A student who completes the certification requirements
set forth by the College of Education, regardless of the collge in which he is
registered, is eligible for a certificate issued by the Utah State Board of Educa-
tion. Certification is approved by that board after application for certification
has been made personally by the student through the dean of the College of
Education who, in turn, recommends the student to the state board.

Students will be held responsible for certification requirements under the
catalog in effect during the year in which they were admitted to the education
program. A student may prepare himself to be certified in any of the following

Teacher in kindergarten
Teacher in elementary schools
Teacher of special education
Teacher in secondary schools


Teacher of industrial arts in secondarx schools

Teacher of vocational homemaking in secondary schools

Teacher of unit shops in industrial arts

Librarian in secondary schools

Teacher in junior college


Administrator-supervisor in elementary schools

Administrator-supervisor in secondary schools


Certification in Other States. Students planning to teach in states other than
Utah should check with the Teacher Clearance Office, Young House, for the
special requirements of those states.

Basic Professional Certificate. Certification of teachers is a function of the
Utah State Board of Education. The Board of Education publishes requirements
for certification in booklet form and in supplements. The present policy of the
board is one of stating minimum requirements in general terms. This is done
to encourage the institutions that prepare teachers to engage in continuous
study of the requirements, going beyond the minima in whatever ways seem
desirable. While the board is always able to certify a candidate without recom-
mendation from a university, it chooses to require the recommendation of the
dean of the College of Education in each institution. This requirement is of
assistance not only to the state board, but also to the institution because of
the assurance that its efforts to improve the program of preparation will not be
made ineffective by the ready availability of ways of going around the minimum

Alterations in the requirements may be made from time to time. They will
not be made retroactive in the case of any student, but may be made to apply
to uncompleted portions of his program where this can be done without difficulty.

Requirements for Dual Certification. An individual who has met the requirements
for a general elementary school certificate may obtain a general secondary
school certificate by meeting certain additional requirements. The state's re-
quirements for subject-matter major, minor, or composite teaching major must
be completed. In addition, the individual must complete certain courses in
methods of teaching and in student teaching at the secondary school level. An
individual who has met the requirements for a general secondary school certifi-
cate may obtain a general elementary school certificate by completing certain
courses in methods of teaching and in student teaching at the elementary
school level. Specific instructions for these programs are available in the
Teacher Clearance Office, Young House.

Selection of Candidates. Candidates for certification as teachers should expect
to be carefully screened, even though their interest in certification is secondary
to another career at the time. Only individuals of high caliber who have acquired
a substantial general education, whose master of their major and minor fields
is unquestioned, and whose personal character reflects the best ideals of our
culture will finally be recommended for certification.

The selection of those who will be finally recommended for certification is a
continuous process. It begins when the student first annoimces his intention of
seeking certification, and continues through all stages of his education. Among
other things, it is necessary to maintain a BYU cumulative grade-point average
of 2.25 or higher to remain in the program.