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T EANSACTIONS



OF THE



3j) r in t o t ;i nb <g 1 o ntt&ttx s j) i r c



% xt h vt 0I0 gi t a I S a 1 1 1 1 n



POli 1881-82.



TRANS A CTIONS



OF THE



iirtotal & UStonrt^Uvt^ivt-



arrtyarolofrtral *ortrty



FOE 1881-82.



Edited by SIR JOHN MACLEAN, F.S A , &c.



VOL. VI.



BRISTOL;

PIUNTED FOR Till: SOCIETY BY C. T. JEFFERIES AND SONS,
CANYNGE BUILDINGS, REDCLIFFE STREET.



The Council of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological
Society desires that it should be distinctly understood that the
Council is not responsible for any statements made, or opinions
expressed, in the Transactions of the Society. The Authors are
alone responsible for their several Papers and Communications, and
the Editor for the Notices on Books.



CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI.



Transactions at Chepstow

Transactions at Micheldean
Transactions at Berkeley
Transactions at Gloucester

Transactions at Staunton and Newland

Chepstow Castle. By G. T. Clark, F.S.A

On a Roman Ring. By the Rev. John James, M.A., Oxon.

The Cistercians. By the Right Rev. E. Twells, D.D

The Architectural History of Tintern Abbey. By Thomas Blasiiill
On Roman Coins found in the Forest of Dean. By Mary E.

Ba<;nall-0akeley

The History of the Manors of Dean Magna and Abenhall, &c.

By Sir John' Maclean, F.S.A. , &c

Roman Remains in Lydney Park. By the Rev. Canon Scarth, M. A.
Notes of Ancient British Forest Life — Material and other. By

John Bellows

The Churches of St. Michael and All Angels, Mitcheldean ; St.

Michael, Abenhall ; and St. .Ethelbert, Little Dean. By

J. H. MlDDLETON, F.S.A

Flaxley Abbey— The existing Remains. ByJ.H. Middleton, F.S.A.

Flaxley Grange. By W. C. Heani:

Wanswell Court, and its Occupants for seven centuries. By J. H.

Cooke, F.S.A,

Slymbridge Church. By Rev. William Bazeley, M.A.
Remarks on Skeletons found at Gloucester in 1881. By John

Bellows

Remarks on the same Skeletons. By John Beddoe, M.D., F.R.S.
Remarks on a Collection of Skulls in a Vault under the Church of

Micheldean. By John Beddoe, M.D., F.R.S

Notices of Recent Archaeological Publications : —

Bristol Past and Present. By J. F. NlCHOLLS, F.S.A., and John-
Taylor

Scotland in Early Christian Times. By JOSEPH ANDERSON

Monumental Inscriptions in the Cathedral Church of Hereford. By
the Rev. Francis T. Haveroall

An Index to the Wills and Inventories in the Court of Probate at
Chester, A.D. 1621-1650. By J. P. Earwakeb MA., F.S.A.



PACE

1-50

261-26S

306-300

333-344

357-366

51-74

75-79

S0-S7

88-106

107-122

123-209
210-221

222-229



269-279
2S0-2S3
284-305

310-323
324-332

345-348
349-352

353-355



230-238
238-250

250-251

252 253



CONTEXTS.

PACK

Malvern Chase. Edited by Rev. W. StMonds .. 253

Christian Thought, illustrated by Christian Art. By Rev. Willis

Pkobyn-Nevins 253-254

A Description of the Monument and Effigies in Porloek Church,

Somerset. By Maria Halliday 367-368

The Register Book of Christenings, Weddings, and Burials, within

the Parish of Prestbury, in the County of Chester, 1560-1636

Edited by James Croston, F.S. A. ... ... 368

Cheshire and Lancashire Funeral Certificates, a.d. 1600-1676.

Edited by John Paul Rylands, F.S.A 368-369

Announcements : —

Archasological Handbook of the County of Gloucester. By G. B.

Witts 370

The Lincolnshire Survey, temp. Henry I. ... ... ... ... 370

In Memorias :—

Robert William Eyton 2f)S-259

Joseph Lemuel Chester 371



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



PAGE

Plate I. 'Plan of Chepstow Castle to face 51

Plate II. Leaden Tablet found at Lydney ... ... ... to face 76

Fig. 1 Roman Ring ... ... ... ... ... ... 78

Fig. 2 Ground Plan of Tintern Abbey 92

Plate III. -Plan of the Abbey Church, Tintern to follow 106

Plate IV. ^Details of the Church to follow 106

Plate V. 2 Section of the Nave, looking South ... ... to follow 106

Plate VI. '-View of the Church from N.E to follow 106

Plates VII. and VIII. Monumental Brasses at Micheldean to face 131

3 Arms of M. W. Wemyss-Colchester, Esq. ... to face 189

Plate IX. Plan of Roman Station, Lydney Park to face 212

Fig. 3 4 View of St. Werburgh's Church, Bristol ... to face 234

Fig. 4 4 View of Old Houses, Bristol to face 238

Figs. 5 & 6 5 Hunterston Fibula, illud 241-242

Fig. 7 5 Fibla found at Croy, Inverness-shire, Must. ... 243
Figs. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ^Sculptured Monoliths, illmt. 244, 245, 246, 247
Fig. 13 ti Monument of Bishop Willis in Winchester

Cathedral to face 254

Plate X. 7 Sketch Plan of Micheldean Church to face 269

Plate Xa. 7 Diagram shewing arrangement of Paintings, &c. to face 274
Plate XL 7 Plan shewing probable arrangement of Flaxley

Abbey ... ... ... ... ... ... to face 280

Fig. 14 View of Wanswell Court to face 310

Fig. 15 Ground Plan of Wanswell Court to face 318

Fig. 16 8 View of High Meadow House to face 3(H)

Fig. 17 "Monument of John Wyrall, at Newland ... to face 361

1 Plan kindly given by A. S. Elite, Eflq.

2 Drawings kindly given by the Author.

3 Presented by M. W. Wemyss-Colchester, Esq.

i Blocks kindly lent by Mr. J. W. Arrowsinith, Bristol.
G Blocks kindly lent by Mr. David Douglas, Edinburgh.
(i lilocU kindly lent by BfiV. Willis l'robyn-Ncvins.

7 Drawings kindlj given by the author.

8 Blocks kindly lout by Messrs. Hougb and Blight, Colcford.



ADDEXPA AND CORRRiEXHA.



rage 23, note line ">, for ancester read ancestor.

24, line 26, for sections read section.

25, line 10, for the Lancaut read «< Lancaut.
27, line 4, for fruit read fruits.
56, line 25, for barrell read harrel.

line 29, for newell read newel.
63, line 31, for meurtrieres l'cad meutrie'res.

71, line 12, for ijaJlent read gallant.

13S, line 16, for 5K7i read /JM.

171, note 1, line 2, for />«;>. ai English Bid' nor, Sth May, IS 17, read J5or//
<SY/t J/«y, 2527. i><"y>. 2c^/t t/««e following at English
Blchior.

170 (bottom of page), add 1S82, July. . . — Robert Thomas Kcmptliornc,
clerk, was admitted to the Rectory of Abenhall, void
by the cession of John William Dover, clerk, in ex-
change for the Rectory of Bearley, co. Warw. , Dioe.
Wore.

184, iirst descent, cancel Mon. at Micheldean, under Thomas Baynham,
and insert Brass at Micheldean, under each of his
wives.

1S7, third ,, in the arms of John Vaughan, for enwrapped about
the head, read enwrapped ahout the nick.

101, fourth ,, Sarah rrobyn=William Hopkins, clerk, Llanvihangel

ystern, Lewern, co. Mon.
,, fifth ,, William Hopkins=Sarah, dan. of Walter Williams,
Dingestovv, co. Mon. The younger sons of William
Hopkins did not assume the name of Probyn.

L 96, first ,, Edmund l'robyn had another daughter Ann, who

married . . . Brigstocke, of Blaenpant, co. Cardigan.

198, first „ for Mary, eld. dau. of William Bond, read eld. dan.
a ml roll, of William Burnt.

for Sarah, da. oj John, Willis, read Sarah, second da.
of Billiard Willis {eldest son of Bishop Willis), by
Sarah, ifcc, d'C, and great-grandaughter, <ir.
,, third ,, It was Edmund Probyn, son of John L'robyn, Dean

of Llandaff, who was the vicar of Longhope, and
not his EOU Edmund. The latter it is believed, died
unman ic d, and it was his younger brother Julian \> bo
married Mary Spicer.

286, line 9, for JJarii - read Davis.



<jr4



TRA NSACTIONS

OF THE

glristol attb (Gloucestershire ^rcluto logical .Society,

1880-81.

PART I.

Transactions at the Annual Meeting, held at Chepstow,

on
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, July 10th, 20th, & 21st.



The Sixth Annual Meeting of this Society commenced on Tuesday, 19th
July, at Chepstow, under favourable conditions, the heat of the weather,
although very considerable, being tempered, in some degree, by clouds.
For the accommodation of the members and visitors, a reception room and
Otiices of the Society were opened, at ten o'clock, at the Beaufort Arms
Hotel.

The arrangements for the meeting were made by a Local Committee,
consisting of the following gentlemen: viz., Mr. W. M. Seys, Chairman,
Sir James Campbell, Bart., Sih T. H. Crawley-Boevey, Bart., Dr.
Lawrence, Dr. Yeats, Reverends W. T. Allen, W. Arnold, Percy
Bttrd, Watkin Davies, C. R. Hall, R. Vat7chan Hughes, W. B. Oakeley,
Fielding Palmer, M. Steele, J. Smith, J. J. TR0L0PE, and E. T. Williams,
Lieitt. -Colonels J. Davies and K. A. Noel, Messrs. J. L. Baldwin-,
C. Bathurst, F. Blandy, Henry Clay, E. Crawshay, A. Galllnga,
T. Griffiths, R. Palmer Jenkins, W. G. Keeling, Russell J. Kerr,
C. E. Lewis, E. J. Lowe, S. S. Marling, C. T. Palmer, Algernon
Strickland, and Horace Waddington. The Rev. N. Shafto Barthropp
and Major A. E. Lawson Lowe acted as local Honorary Secretaries.

At noon a meeting of the Council was held in the Reception Room.
At 12.30 the President and Council, followed by many members of the
Society, repaired to the room appropriated during the meeting as a Tem-
porary Museum, where they were received l.y the Local Committee. The
Chairman, Mr. \V. A). Seys, addressing the President, said:

" On behalf of the Local Committee, formed For making arrangements
for holding this meeting, I beg moBt cordially to welcome you to this town
and neighbourhood. We hope that you will derive bo much gratification
Vol. VI., part I. v,



2 Transactions at Chepstow.

from your visit to Chepstow, that many years may not elapse before you
again visit us, and inspect the many objects of antiquity with which, though
not generally known, this district abounds."

Mr. Dorington, having suitably replied, took the chair, and called upon
the Rev. W. Bazcley to read the annual report, which was as follows : —

Among those present were the President elect (Sir John Maclean),
the President of Council (Sir William Guise, Bart.), Dr. Paine, Dr.
Collins, Mr. W. J. Stanton, M.P., Revs. Prebendary Scarth, P. Bitrd,
Fielding Palmer, Watkin Davies, J. F. Green, E. J. Selwyn, H. S.
Slight, J. Emeris, E. Turberville Williams, W. Arnold, Messrs. W.
C. Lucy, J. D. T. Niblett, A. J. Lawrence, Horace Waddington, T.
Kkrslake, S. S. Marling, F. Blandy, J. V. Newbery, Russell J. Kerr,
W. M. Seys, J. F. Nicholls, the Rev. N. Shafto Barthrobp, and Major
A. E. Lawson Lowe (local secretaries), Mr. Palmer Hallett, and the
Rev. W. Bazeley (general secretaries), and many others.

REPORT OF COUNCIL.

The Council submits the following Report to the members of the Bristol
and Gloucestershire Ai'chreological Society.

There are at the present time 433 annual members, and 72 life members
on the Society's list, giving a total strength of 505 members.

During the past year 33 new members have been elected, whilst the
Society has lost 22 members by death or resignation.

The Council regrets that it has been compelled to remove from the list
of members the names of several gentlemen who have been elected, but who
have never paid their entrance fee nor first subscription. It would save
much unnecessary trouble and expense if subscribing members would pay
their subscriptions at the commencement of each financial year, i.e., on or
about the 22nd of April, through their bankers. This is the plan which is
followed in many societies, and is found to work well. A form will shortly
be sent to each member, which, when filled up and given to his banker,
will save all further trouble.

The income of the Society for the financial year, including last year's
balance, is £2-10 12s. 2d. The expenditure amounts to £126 13s. 7d. A
balance remains in hand of £113 ISs. 7d. From this balance, however,
must be deducted the charge for the annual volume, which is now ready
for issue. Besides this balance the Society has a funded capital of £415, in
consols, representing the composition fees of life members, to which sum
the life subscriptions of two additional members will be added.

The Council regrets to record the great loss which the Society has

bained by the death of its honorary member— George Rolleston, M.D.,

I'.S.A. Dr. Rolleston was born at Maltby, in Yorkshire, was educated at

Gainsborough and Sheffield, and after a distinguished career at Oxford,

re he obtained a First-Class in Classics, and a Fellowship at Pembroke
College, he became a student of medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital.
In 1857, on las return from the Crimean War, he was recalled to Oxford to



Report of CorxciL. 3

succeed Dr. Acland, as Lee's reader in Anatomy. In 1S60, he was made
first Linacre Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. He was the author
of several works on Zoology and Archaeology, and his writings appear
principally in the Transactions of the Royal, Linnean, Zoological, and
Odontological Societies, the Archreologia, and the Journal of the British
Association.

He has taken a deep interest in the work of our own Society from the
beginning, and by his presence and sympathy helped to ensure the success
of its first meeting at Gloucester. He was afterwards invited to become
an honorary member of the Society, and those who attended the Cirencester
and Cheltenham annual meetings will remember, with lasting pleasure,
the addresses which he gave on "The succession of Races in England, as
illustrated by Burial Finds," and "The Skulls found at Belas Knapp."

Shortly before his death he was associated with Mr. G. Witts, in his
researches in the long barrow at Brimpsfield, known as "West Tump," and
was engaged in arranging and classifying the human bones discovered there,
with a view to their being placed in the museum at Gloucester.

The Council also records, with regret, the death of the Rev. William
Dyke, who, since the formation of the Society, has been a membe» of Council
for East Gloucestershire.

Since the last Report of Council the 5th annual meeting of the Society
has been held at Stroud, under the direction of a large and influential Local
Committee. The attendance of members and their friends was larger than
at any previous meeting. Whilst this fact is a proof of growing interest in
the work of the Society, it must not be forgotten that the success of the
Stroud meeting was largely due to the energy of the local committee, and to
the attractiveness of the programme.

The remains of the Roman Villa at Woodchester are probably the
finest of the kind in England. They were carefully explored by Mr. Lysons,
in 1793-4, and archaeologists have been made familiar with them through
the magnificent folio in which he recorded the results of Ins researches and
depicted the villa. When the proposed visit of the Society to Stroud was
made known, some gentlemen residing at Woodchester and in the neigh-
bourhood, determined, witli the co-operation and approval of the vicar and
churchwardens of Woodchester, to uncover the tesselated pavement of that
part of the villa which lies beneath the village churchyard. The .Stroud local
committee thereupon generously guaranteed a large part of the necessary
outlay, and thus added to the programme a treat of an exceptional kind.
But Stroud is not dependent on Woodchester alone for its attractiveness to
the archaeologist. The centre of the Gloucestershire Clothing Trade for
many centuries, it presents a mine of archaeological wealth, the rich lodes
of which have been reached, perhaps, but are yet comparatively unworked.

During the three days of the meeting, the members visited Minchin-
hampton, Woodchester, Nympsfield, Uleybury, Owlpen, Frocester, St.
Leonard Stanley, Painswick, Cranham, Bisley, and Lypiatt Park, and every-
where met with a most hospitable reception.

An account of the proceedings will be found in the 5th volume of the
Society's Transactions, which is now ready for delivery.
i; 2



4 Transactions at Chepstow.

The Winter Meeting of the Society was held at Cheltenham, on the
1 9th of January, under the most unfavourable circumstances. The memor-
able snowstorm of the 18th hail blocked the highways and railroads, and
all but a few members were prevented from attending. This is all the more
to be regretted as the local committee had made very satisfactory arrange-
ments for the meeting, and had collected a large number of interesting
objects for the inspection of the Society. An accurate description of the
Temporary Museum thus formed lias, however, been prepared by Mr. E.
Hartland, one of the Cheltenham local committee, and will appear in the
Transactions. (See p. 188.)

The Council has thought fit during the past year to issue a special
appeal to the members of the Society, for donations towards a fund for the
illustration of the Woodchester Pavement, and the response which has been
made has enabled it to add to the 5th volume of Transactions nine chromo-
lithographic illustrations of the Pavement, and two plates of some very
interesting bronze and other articles found near Birdlip, in the summer of
1879.

The Council is very desirous of printing a most valuable work on
Flaxley Abbey, which has been placed in its hands by the author, A. Crawley-
Boevey, Esq., but a special fund will be required for the purpose. Several
donations have been offered, and it is hoped that many more will be forth-
coming. It will depend entirely on the amount of assistance promised
whether the Council will be able to present this work to the members as a
separate volume, or whether it will be issued to special subscribers only.

It is by its Transactions more than anything else, that the progress of
the Society will be judged by the outer world, and its work handed down to
posterity.

The Council appeals therefore to the members of the Society and to
lovers of antiquity in general, for treatises relating to the Archaeology of
Gloucestershire.

During the past year the Council has agreed to exchange Transactions
with the Royal Institution of Cornwall and the Cotteswold Naturalists' Field
Club, and has received the following works as donations to the Society's
libraries :

A Notice of Viollet-le-Duc's works in connection with the Historical Monu-
ments of France, by C. Weathered, Esq., presented by the author.

Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, parts V. to X., presented by the Rev.
B. IT. Blacker.

Iron Making in the Forest of Dean in the Olden Times, by Rev. H. G.
Nieholls, and

Notes on the Abbey Church of Tewkesbury, by the Rev. J. L. Petit, pre-
sented by Sir John Maclean.

The Council lias purchased a collection of Gloucestershire 16th Century
Tokens, from Messrs. Golding, of Colchester. With the exception of these
and ;ni Ancient Stone, presented by Mr. Pope, of Bristol, the Society's
Mi- eum has remained in statUO </no.



Report of Council. .">

Tlic question of deposit of the Society's books and antiquities is one
that has frequently arisen at the meetings of the Council, and has received
the most careful consideration.

In June, 1879, a Council meeting was held at Bristol for the special
purpose of deciding the question, and it was then agreed that the offers of
temporary accommodation for a deposit of books and antiquities, made by the
Council of the Museum and Library, Bristol, and the Committee of the
Museum, Gloucester, in answer to an application from the Council of this
Society, should both be accepted. This decision was ratified by the Society at
the general meeting held at Cheltenham in the same year. A Committee of
Council, consisting of Sir W. V. Guise, Bart., Dr. Caldicott, and the two
General Secretaries, was appointed to draw up a scheme for the division of
the books and antiquities, and the suggestions made by this Committee were
as follows : —

1. — Donors of works to have the option of naming the place of deposit,
i.e. at Bristol or Gloucester.

2. — Subject to the above provision, works which appear to have any
special connection with Bristol or Gloucester, to be alloted to their respective
localities.

3. — The remaining works to be divided into two equal parts and ballotted
for.

4. — A Committee to be appointed to make a division of newly-acquired
books once a year.

These suggestions were unanimously adopted, and the same committee
was re-elected to carry them into effect. A list of the Society's books, with
the place of their deposit, will be found in the 5th volume of the Society's
Transactions (p. 199), and members who wish to refer to, or borrow any of
them, should apply to the General Secretaries.

The few antiquities at the disposal of the Council will be allotted to
Bristol and Gloucester on the same principles of division as those which have
been agreed upon for the books.

The Council now appeals to the patrons and members of the Society for
funds and donations of books and antiquities, to enable it to build up two
Libraries and Museums, one at Bristol and the other at Gloucester, on the
foundations thus laid ; and it trusts that what will be lost by sub-division
will be more than compensated for by a friendly rivalry on the Society's
behalf between the two cities and their neighbourhoods.

The Council has adopted, as the Seal of the Society, a design by Sir John
Maclean.

With regard to the internal affairs of the Society the Council has only
to report the annual changes in its own composition. In the exercise of its
duty of annual nomination of officers, it desires to nominate, for election,
the President of Council, the Vice-Presidents, and the Secretaries, General,
Sectional, and Local, at present hi office, subject to the following additions
or alterations. Mr. W. C. Lucy to be a Vice-President for the Gloucester
centre ; Mr. W. C. Leigh to be a Vice- 1 'resident for the Stroud district ; Mr.
H. Denne to be Local Secretary for the Stroud district. The Rev. Arthur
Loxley to be Local Secretary for Fairford.



G Transactions at Chepstow.

The Council has to report the resignation of the Treasurer of the Society,
Mr. Christopher Thomas. Mr. Thomas was prevailed upon to accept the
office of Treasurer in an emergency during his Presidency at Bristol, but is
now desirous, through pressure of other engagements, to be relieved of its
duties. The Council has reluctantly accepted his resignation, and has ex-
pressed to him its cordial thanks for the services he has for some years kindly
rendered to the Society, and for the interest which he continues to take in its
welfare. It has also requested him to accept the office of Vice-Presi lent at
Bristol, now vacant, an expression and request in which it believes the
Society will fully concur.

It now desires to nominate, as Treasurer, in the place of Mr. Thomas,
Mr. W. T. Giller, of Gloucester, who, it has every reason to believe, will
prove a competent successor.

The following members of the Council proper retire this year by rotation,
but are eligible for re-election : Sir John Maclean, Rev. Dr. Caldicott, Rev.
Preb. Scarth, Messrs. Adlam, Crawshay, and Lang.

The Council has already referred to the death of the Rev. W. Dyke,
and it has also to report the much regretted loss of the services of Mr. John
Bellows, through resignation. These removals by death, resignation, and
retirements, together by those caused by nomination to Vice- Presidencies,
make, in all, eleven vacancies, which are required to be fdled up in the
following manner : — two for East Gloucestershire, two for West Gloucester-
shire, two for Bristol, r ne for Gloucester, one for Cheltenham, one for Stroud,
two for the Out District. The nomination, as well as the election, to these
vacancies, rests with the members of the Society.

The Council, during the year, has held eight meetings, two at Bristol,
four at Gloucester, one at Cheltenham, and one at Chepstow, and desires to
express its acknowledgements to his Worship, the Mayor of Gloucester, and
to the Council of the Ladies' College at Cheltenham, for the accommodation
afforded to it at Gloucester and Cheltenham respectively.

Mr. W. J. Stanton, M.P., moved that the report of the Council be
adopted, and that the Council's nomination of officers be accepted. It was a
matter for great congratulation, he said, to find the affairs of the Society in
such a prosperous state, though it was very much to be regretted that there
had been a loss of so many members of the Society in consequence of their
not having paid their subscriptions. The suggestion contained in the report
for the convenience of members in making these payments, was a very
excellent one. He was quite sure that these occurrences arose through
inadvertence or forgetfulness. He knew how difficult it was to remember
all the different subscriptions to be made to Societies as they became due,
.md by the simple method which had been suggested, regularity might be
secured without the least personal inconvenience to the members. He hoped
those gentlemen, whose names it had become necessary to remove, might be



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