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when Roger de Somery was made prisoner. The son John, who
married a daughter of de Somery, died in 4th Edward I., and was
succeeded by a third John, who parted with his share in the manor
of Campden to John de Ludlowe. The last male heir married
Jacquetta, daughter of Richard Widville, Earl of Rivers, and
sister to Elizabeth, Queen of Edward 1Y. His only daughter
and heir married George Stanley, son and heir of Thomas, first
Earl of Derby, and brought the Barony of Straunge into the
Stanley family, from which, by an heiress, it has now passed to
the family of the Duke of Athol. :!

Of Walter de Suley, who married Mabel, there is not much
known. Probably he was descended from Reginald de Sully,
who assisted Robert fitz Hamon in his conquest of Glamorgan-
shire, and was rewarded by him with the castle and manor of
Sully.' 1 He died in 14th Edward II., leaving Mabel a widow. 5
She, as will be seen, parted with her share of the manor of

1 Banks' Baronia Concentrata, Vol. I., p. L68.

2 Ilnd. Vol. 1., p. 419. s Dugdale's Baronage, Vol. I., pp. C65-6.
4 Dugdale's Baronage, Vol, I. p. 40b'.

6 Inq. p.m. 14th Edward 1., IS'o. 1.



The Manor and Borough at Chipping Campden. 153

Campden to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, but retained her
lands at Barew, the caput of the barony brought by Nichola to
Roger de Somery. She died 5th Edward II., and was succeeded
by her son Raymond, who died about 10th Edward II., leaving an
only daughter Elizabeth, who died without issue.

Maud, the fourth daughter of Roger and Nichola, married
Henry de Erdington, whose family had held the manor of Erding-
ton, in Warwickshire, under the ancestors of de Somery for many
generations. He died in 10th Edward I., leaving a son Henry,
a minor, who afterwards, 9th Edward I., received summons to
parliament. 1 The elder Henry, about two years before his death,
enfeoffed one Stephen Peeche of all his lands and tenements, etc.,
in Campden. 2 Maud, his widow, afterwards married William de
By field without the King's license, for which she had to pay 100 1
for pardon. 3

The four daughters described above received, at the death of
Roger de Somery, each a fourth part of the manor of Campden.
The partition is described in great detail, and I venture to give
the record of it in full, as it is so complete a description of the
borough and manor in 1273.

" The part of Sir Ralph cle Cromwell of the said manor, viz., one virgate
of good land and one virgate of poor land, and one acre of the value of one
acre which Christina the widow holds above her virgate ; five acres of
meadow to every part, five acres of spinet to every part, also three mills
and two parts in one mill, with two men for whose profit they shall be
sustained. And each part has a fourth part of the profit, saving never-
theless to the chaplain serving the chapel of S. Katharine xxx s which the
same receives every year, and a certain fishpond shall be common to the
parceners.

Of the customars of Westington belonging to Sir Ralph dc Cromwell : —
Gilbert Harding holds one virgate.
Ivo le Rond holds one virgate.
John Sparc holds one virgate.
Roger le Neuman holds one virgate.
William fitz Robert holds one virgate.
Robert de Daleby, of Byriton, holds one virgate
Robert Colightly, of Westington, holds one virgate and a half.
Adam dc Munndevill holds half a virgate of the service of William de
Westington of quit rent. .... X \i' 1

1 Closo Roll, 10th Edward I., m. 2.

2 Close Holl, 9th Edward in , in dorso. 3 Dugdale'a Warwickshire, p. 624.



154



Transactions at Evesham.



Of the Burgesses of Campden
Master Roger, for iii burgages
Thomas P . . . , for one burgage
William de Bello loco, for one burgage
John de Castello, for one burgage
Richard Beaufiz sen 1 ', for one burgage -

Richard Beaufiz jun 1 ' and Stephen de Gernington, for one burgage
William de Monemut and Robert de Seleby, for one burgage
William Bunhamelyn, for half a burgage
John Fraunceis, for one burgage and a half
William de Caucir, for one burgage
John Pape, for ii burgages
William Thurborn, for two parts of one burgage

Sum of this parcel xv u v
The part of s r John Extraneus followeth of the
William Dot, for half a burgage
Dyonisia the nurse, for half a burgage
William King, for one burgage
John Prest, for one burgage -
Robert Daw, for half a burgage
John de Aldeswell, for half a burgage -
Philip le feyf, for half a burgage
Robert de Aston, for one burgage
Agnes la Fard, for one burgage
Walter the miller, for one burgage and one shop
Richard Child, for half a burgage
John Tressant, for one burgage
Thomas de Burton, for half a burgage -
Thomas Botte, for half a burgage
Walter Hamelyn, for half a burgage
Walter de Blackelee, for half a burgage
Robert le Messer, for ii burgages
William King, for one burgage
Thomas Eadmund, for one burgage
Thomas Faukes, for half a Lurgage
William King, for two shops
William Thurberne, for one messuage -
Isolda de Thernishille, for one messuage
Ranulph Papclard, for one messuage and one shop
Simon Griuel, for half a burgage
Robert de lFornham, for one burgage -

Part of the same S r John of Westington of Biriton
Walter de Convgcote holds one virgate



ni s
iid

xiiii d
xii d
xii d
xiii d
xiii d
vii d dim.
xix d dim.
xiii d

xii d

i s ([

Burgesses of Campeden.

vi d

xviii d

xx d

xx d

iiii d
vid

v id

xvi d

xvi d

xxiii d

viii d

xix d

viii' 1

viii d

viii d

viii d

ii s vi d

xii d

xii d

vid

xii d

ii d

ii d

viii' 1

viii d

x d



The Manor and Borough of CinpriNt; Campden.



loo



Gilbert atte Grene holds one virgate

Roger Abovenhirth holds one virgate

Alured of the Mill of Birton holds half a virgate

Adam the smith holds one virgate

The heir of le Despencer holds one burgage in Winchcombe worth - ix d

Alexander le Myr, one cottage - - - viii d dim.

Sum of this parcel xv u vi s q
The part of Henry de Erdington followcth of the customars of Westington.
Richard Russell holds one virgate of land
Reginald le Messer holds one virgate
William Baret holds one virgate
William le Nenman holds one virgate
Richard Spearrawek holds one virgate
Robert de Quenton holds one virgate in Biriton
John rartriche holds half a virgate.
Christiana the widow holds half a virgate and four acres
Thomas Attesloth holds half a virgate

The part of the said Henry of the free tenants : —
William de Westington, for two virgatcs - - - vii s x d

with homage and escheat, because the residue of his rent is assigned
to the other portions equally to be performed.

The part of the said Henry of the Burgesses of Campedcn.
Henry fitz Margerie, for one burgage •
William Gilbert, for one burgage
Robert Catte, for one messuage
Ralph Bond, for one messuage
Thomas Lee, for half a burgage

Alice, daughter of Robert the miller, for one messuage
Adam l'age, for half a burgage
John Campiun, for half a burgage
Matilda de ffulford, for half a burgage -
Thomas Grivel, for half a burgage
William deSaynebyr', for half a burgage
William dc Hippelee, for half a burgage
Henry le Tailur, for half a burgage
Cecilia tie Ilmedcn, for half a burgage
Robert . . . , for half a burgage -
John Daw, for one burgage -
Thomas de Upton, for one holt 1
John de Biriton, for one messuage
Robert the goldsmith, for one burgage -
Geoffrey le Bedell, for half a burgage •
I Holt -grove or. forest A.S.— Ed.



xd

Xd

iii d

iii d

v d

iiij'i
iiii' 1



mi



i-l



VI



■ i



nn"



iiM

vi'l

viii' 1

iii d

iiii ri dim.

•iiM



\ in



Xlll"

vi'l
iiii' 1
xii <l



156



Transactions at Evesham.



Edward Felath, for one burgage and one messuage - - xY d

John le Fort, for two burgages .... i^s j^d

Roger de Honingham, for half a burgage - - - xv d

Gilbert de Kinton, for half a burgage - - - - ii d

Robert Child, for half a burgage .... xxii d

John de Cruce, for one burgage .... xxii d

Hugh Rige, for one messuage .... jjid

John Oole, for one messuage .... v ii d
Isabella fforde, for one burgage one pound of cummin price Hi' 1 dim.

William le Prude, for half a burgage - - . . viii d

William le Francis, for one messuage - - - - ii d

Sum of this parcel xv 1 ' vi s <j

The part of Sir Walter de Suly of Campdcn followeth of the customars
of Westington : —

Henry le Erie holds one virgate of land.

Geoffrey de Ulmo holds one virgate.

William Daniell holds one virgate.

William de Tyw holds one virgate in Alhbleted.

The part of the same Sir W. of Biriton : —
Richard de Norton holds one virgate.
Alice the widow holds half a virgate.
Alexander de Myr holds half a virgate.
Robert Osemund holds half a virgate.

The part of the same Sir W. of the free tenants and cottagers :—
Richard, the reeve, and three other tenants, for one virgate in . . . vii

William Calf, for two virgates iii s , and half a pound of pepper price
Robert Caspy, for one virgate, half a pound of pepper, price

with homa geand escheat

Emma la Gardinere, for one cottage

Of the service of William de Westington of net rent - - ii s x rf

The part of the said Sir W. of the Burgesses : —
William Calf, for one burgage

Matilda, daughter of Hugh Marger, for half a burgage
Walter le . . . . , for one burgage
John King, for two burgages
John de Cheltenham, for one burgage -
Thomas, son of Hugh Marger, for one burgage
Richard dc Homcntou, for half a burgage
Geoffrey .... , for half a burgage
William de Monemut, for one burgage

Henry the Clerk, for three burgages and a half burgage and one
messuage ....

John Sterw ... 11, for half a burgage -



J

iiii' 1
iiii d

xii d



iii 8 iii d

vi'i
ii«

ii s vi'l

xii' 1

xii d

viii' 1

iiii d



iii 3 iii d
iiii d



The Manor and Borough of Chipping Campden. 157

Philip de Mors, for half a burgage .... Y i' 1

Hugh fitz . . . . , for one burgage - - - x d

William Sparc, for one burgage .... x [[d

William Sage, for half a burgage - - - iid

Henry le . . . , for half a burgage .... ijiid

Richard Beaufiz jun r and Walter Goselay, for ii shops - • iiii' 1

John do Linbam, for one messuage .... iijid

William Sloth, for one burgage .... v jjd

Sum of this parcel xv 1 ' vi s <j

Sum total of extent of Campeden - - - lxi 11 iiii s iiirj

The partition thus minutely described was not effected with-
out question. In 16th Edward I. (1288) Gilbert de Clare, Earl
of Gloucester, claimed the manor of Campden of the then holders,
who are described in the pleadings as Mabel de Suley, Ralph de
Cromwell, Walter le Yenne, and Stephen Peeche, 1 as being heir
of Robert Consul, Earl of Gloucester, who had once held it; but
who had given it, as has been stated, to his daughter Maud on
her marriage with Ranulph de Gernons, Earl of Chester. It was
hardly likely that such a claim could be sustained, but Gilbert de
Clare obtained in the following year a fourth part of the manor,
the share of Mabel de Suley. The estate thus acquired is
described as " one messuage, one carucate of land, and 50 B of rent
with appurtenances in Campedene. The said Mabel," the record
states, "quitclaimed to the said Earl, and the said Earl gave to
the said Mabel one sparrowhawk," 2

It will be noticed that in the claim of Gilbert de Clare to the
manor, the holders are described as Mabel de Suley, Ralph de
Cromwell, Walter le Venne, and Stephen Peeche. It has been
already stated that the last named acquired the share of Henry de
Erdington about 1280. Of Walter le Venne 1 find no other
notice in reference to Campden than in the ple;i of the Earl of
Gloucester. He may have been an intermediary in the transfer
of John le Straunge's portion to John le Ludlowe. Tins took
place before the 28th April, 1286, as on thai day " the King took
the homage of John de Ludlawe for n moiety of the manor of

1 Cott. MSS. Titus A. vi., 4. a.

- Feet of Fines, Glouc, Trinity Term, 17th Edward L, H'J.



158 Transactions at Evesham.

Campeden wjth appurtenances', which he had by gift of Jolm le
Straunge." '

It will be observed that the portion obtained is described as
" a moiety " of the manor, not a fourth part. It is evident that
Ludlowe ultimately obtained a moiety, and it seems possible that
John le Straunge had acquired from Stephen Peeche the fourth
which had belonged to Henry of Erdington, and enffeoffed John
de Ludlowe with both shares. Any way these two portions came
to him about the time of his enfeoffement by John le Straunge
of his parcel of the manor, and in the following year, 1287, he
claimed, with Ralph de Cromwell and Margaret his wife, and
Mabel de Suley, view of frank pledge, free warren, market and
fair, &c, in the manor of Campden. 2

I proceed to shew the descent of the moiety of the manor
held by Ludlowe, consisting of what were the shares of John le
Straunge and Henry de Erdington, but which frequently was
called " Ludlowe's Manor" in distinction from the portion held
by the De Clares and their descendants.

John de Ludlowe, who acquired the moiety in 1286, died in
1295. An inquisition taken at Campden on the eve of the
Assumption of S. Mary shews that he held a moiety of the manor
of Campden of the King in chief, for one-fourth part of a knight's
fee. The jurors report that " there is a messuage, with garden,
herbage, curtilage, and dovecote, value xiii s iiii d . There are in
demesne x acres of meadow worth xx (1 , a certain common pasture
in the spinet and upon the wold and in other commonable places,
worth yearly x 8 ; four water mills, the moiety being worth ix u .
In villenage there are xiii virgates and iiii acres of land worth in
rent of assize lix 8 vii' 1 dim., price of each virgate iiii 8 vi d . And
the tenant of each virgate should work from the Feast of S. John
Baptist to Michaelmas for iiii days in the week, to wit on Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, unless they be feast days,
and each tenant's work is worth v s , — price of each day's work from
S. John the Baptist to the Gules of August' 1 i d , and from that day

1 Close Roll, 14th Edw. I., 5.

- Placita de Quo Warranto, 15th Edward I., Easter Term.

3 Lammas day. — En.



The Maxor axd Borough of Chipping Campden. 159

to the Feast of S. Michael i (l dim • sum of the whole work lxvi 8
iii*. And they owe six bedrippes worth yearly ix s xi' 1 dim., price
of each bedrippe i d dim. And they owe iii ploughings and they
are worth iii 8 iii d iii q, price of each poughing i' 1 . And there are
free tenants, and they render yearly rent of assize ii s i' 1 . And
there are burgesses of the borough who render yearly of rent of
assize xxiii 8 ii d . Pleas and perquisites and other casualties are
worth yearly x 8 . Bogo, son of the said John, is his next heir, and
is of the age of twelve years.", 1

I have given a long extract from the inquisition taken on the
death of John de Ludlowe because it describes so fully the terms
on which land in villenage was held, and also gives the value of
labour at the close of the 13th century. The inquisition goes on to
state that Isabella, widow of John de Ludlowe, was jointly en-
feoffed with her husband, and there is a record in the Close Roll,
dated August 14th, 1295, that the King received her homage. 2

I suppose Bogo de Ludlowe succeeded at the death of his
mother Isabel, the date of which I have been unable to ascertain.
In 14th Edward II. the King committed to him the custody of a
fourth part of the manor of Campden, which belonged to Hugh
Daudele, jun r , rendering yearly xx u . :! This was but a temporary
holding of the other portion of the manor during the forfeiture,
but it proves that Bogo de Ludlowe was living 1320, and had
probably succeeded at that time to his father's fee. He died
within six years of this time, as in Trinity Term, 1326, his relict,
Agnes, demands of John de Hampton a third part of the moiety
of the manor of Campedene as her dower, and, after an adjourn-
ment to the Michaelmas term of the same year, the claim is
allowed. 4

Campden seems to have passed next to William de Ludlowe,

who may have been son to Bogo and Agnes. He died on the 20th

of May, 1349, leaving Thomas, his son and heir, aged five years. 6

1 Inq. p.m., 23rd Edward I., 29. - Close Roll, 23rd, Edw. I. m. 7.

;; Originalia Rolls, 14th Edward IF., Roll ■»().

4 De Banco Roll, Trinity 19th Edward II., Roll 249, and Mich. 20th
Edward II., Roll 252.

s Inq. p.m., 23rd Edward III., part II., 1st numbers, 71.



1G0 Transactions at Evesham.

This Thomas in 1375 obtained license to enfeoff certain trus-
tees of his manor of Campden, to the intent that they might
regrant it to himself and Elizabeth his wife and his heirs. 1 In
the inquisition taken when this license was obtained, the manor,
which had before been valued at £20, is estimated at 20 marks, and
at the death of the said Thomas there is a further decline in value
to £10. 2 This no doubt was in consequence of the black death, and
other pestilences, which raged in England from 1343 to 13G9, and
carried off so large a proportion of the population that the land
was to a great extent uncultivated.

At the inquisition taken on the death of Thomas, Edward de
Ludlowe is described as son and heir, and is stated to have been of
the age of 21 years and more in 1392.

Edward de Ludlowe died on the Tuesday after S. Michael,
1409, and it was found at the inquisition taken thereon that he
had enfeoffed John Grevcll :! and William Merbury of his manor
of Campden, as trustees, apparently, for his daughter Margaret,
who is described as his heir, and of the age of 1 4 years. The
manor is here stated at its former value of £20, but I note that 20
years afterwards the dimished estimate of £10 is again given.

Margaret, daughter of Edward de Ludlowe, married Baldwin
Straunge. Whether he was of the family from which the Lud-
lowes acquired Campden I cannot tell, but he seems to have
possessed property, and to have resided at Handsworth, in Staf-
fordshire. Margaret died 6th February, 1419. At an inquisition
held at Winchcombe Friday after S. Michael, 1431, the manor is
said to be held by service of half a Knight's fee, and this assessment
is repeated in inquisitions which follow. The diminished value of
£10 is again returned.

Elizabeth, daughter to Margaret, is deserihed as next heir,
and of the age of 14 years. Though so young she was even then
the wife of Robert Mauleners (Molyneux). Since her mother's

1 Inq. p.m., 50th. Edward III. 2nd numbers, 4.S1>.

- Iiuj. p.m., 16th Rich. II., No. IS.

3 Son of William Greve] of whom mention will be made presently.



The Manor and BOROUGH OP Chipp-IKG Campden. 161

death in 1419, John, Duke of Bedford, by mainprise of John
Willc^tes and William Massey, by letters patent of Henry V.,
had occupied, and still occupied the manor from the death
of Margaret, and received the issues and profits thereof. 1

A further inquisition touching the age of the said Elizabeth,
taken at Lichfield, reports that she was born at Hondesworth in
the County of Stafford on the 1st February, 143i, 2 so that she
was in fact only 13 years old when she was the wife of Robert
Molyneux.

The date of Elizabeth's death I do not find, but her husband
survived her, and at the inquisition, taken after his death, which
took place 14th October, 1466, the jurors report that Elizabeth
Straunge " was lately possessed of a moiety of the manor of
Chepyng Campden, and 13 s 5 d of rent with appurtenances called
Hunt's fee within the lordship of Chepyng Campden." They
further report that Robert Molyneux, her husband, remained in
possession " by the law of England," and that " John is son and
heir of the said Robert and Elizabeth, and is of the age of 19
years and three quarters." The manor is again described as of
the yearly value of £20. 3

John Molyneux died in 1473, leaving a daughter Cecily aged
nine weeks. The jurors at the inquisition taken thereupon find

that " there is a capital messuage worth nothing by the year, and
22 messuages worth, beyond repairs and reprises, 100 s , and a
moiety of 4 ruinous mills worth, beyond reprises, 20 s , and 4 mes-
uages called Hunt's fee worth yearly 11 s .'' They find also that the
said John had enfeoffed John Molyneux, clerk, and Thomas and
Robert Molyneux, esquires, of his estates, as trustees evidently
for his infant daughter. 4

Upon an inquisition, however, held 20th July . . . Urn. VII. 6
the aforesaid enfeoffment was found to have been made " by fraud

1 Inq. p.m. 10th Hen. VI., 10. - Prob. Etat. loth Henry VI., 54.

3 Inq. p.m., 6th Edward IV., 17. ' Inq. p.m. 13th Edward IV., is.

5 The inquisition is described in the index as 2nd Richard 111., 43,
but in the record itself the date is given of Henry VII., the year not being
legible.

Vol. IX,, part 1 M



162 Transactions at Evesham.

and collusion, to defraud and exclude King Edward IV. of his
right to the wardship and marriage of the land and heiress of the
said John."

Cecily, daughter and heiress of John Molyneux, married one
John Fitzherbert, by whom she had issue Eustace Fitzherbert.
Her first husband dying, she married John Josselyn, who survived
her, and appears to have held the manor, as well as the manor
of Perry Hall, and lands in Perry, Handsworth, Barre, etc., in
the County of Stafford. I do not discover when he died, but
Eustace Fitzherbert succeeded, and, dying 16th September, 1517,
left two daughters co-heirs, Joan aged two years, and Elizabeth
three-quarters of a year, at their father's death.

There is no mention anywhere of the elder of these, Joan,
having any connection with the manor of Campden, and I sup-
pose her share in the estate of her father was the manor of
Perry, and other lands in the County of Stafford. Elizabeth
clearly inherited the whole moiety of the manor of Campden
which her father had held, and which is described as containing
"10 messuages, 4 cottages, 4 tofts, 2 mills, 2 dovecotes, 40 acres
of land, 300 acres of meadow, 900 acres of pasture, 100 acres
of wood, 1000 acres of furze and heath, and 10 h of rent in Camp-
den, Chippinge Campden, Brod Campden, Burington, and West-
ington." l

This Elizabeth married for her first husband one Edward
Smyth, and by him she had a son, John, who predeceased her,
dying without issue. By Thomas Smyth, her second husband,
she left a daughter, Grisigonon, who married Andrew Joyner.

A fine was levied 31st Henry VIII. between Richard Catlyn,
gent. , and Thomas and Elizabeth Smyth, in which a division is made
of the manor which descended to the last named as daughter and
co-heir of Eustace Fitzherbert, between the son of the first
husband, who was then living, any children she might have by
Thomas Smyth, her second husband, and Thomas Smyth himself,
and his heirs general. Elizabeth died 1st Dec, 1559, without
surviving issue by her first husband, but leaving, as has been said,

1 Imj. p.m. 42nd Elizabeth, part II., Ny. 128.



The Manor and Borough of Chipping Campden. 163

one daughter, Grisigonon, by Thomas Smyth. This daughter
appears to have inherited, at the death of her father, who had
a life interest in the estate, a moiety of the moiety, or a fourth
part, of the manor of Campden.

Thomas Smyth, soon after the death of his first wife, married
Katharine, daughter of George Throgmorton, knight, and by her
he had seven sons and seven daughters. The eldest of these was
Anthony, who was his father's heir, and who ultimately, as I
conjecture, obtained by purchase the portion of his half-sister
Grisigonon, though there is a note that an offer made by him
shortly after his father's death was refused by her and her
husband.

Before saying more of Thomas Smyth and his family, it will
be necessary to trace the descent of the other portion of the
manor, which ultimately, as will be seen, was acquired by the
same Thomas Smyth, who thus became lord of the entire manor
of Campden, — the first who could claim that position since Roger
de Somcry.

Of the portion which fell to Ralph de Cromwell and Margaret
his wife, daughter to Roger de Somery and Nichola, I am unable
to give any account. It appears ultimately to have been in the
possession of the descendants of Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, but
how it was acquired, and who held it in immediate succession to
Ralph de Cromwell, I have failed to discover.

The share of Mabel de Suley came into the possession of
Gilbert de Clare, Ijjarl of Gloucester, in 1289, as has been already
shewn.

It is unnecessary here to say much about this powerful
family, as its connection with Campden was only the possession
of a fourth part of the manor.

Gilbert de Clare, about the time that he acquired a portion of



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