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number) of the effigies and monument were examined
in the sixteenth century by Mr. Silas Taylor, and the
following is his account in his own words (MS. Harl.
Bibl.):-"To gainsay the report about it, I diligently
viewed the record which might have between the two
figures : the female laid next the wall of the south aisle,
on her right side, l)y which means his left side might be

' Two yeai',-i ul'tcrwaid, - King Edwuiil 1.


contiguous to lier right, the better to answer the figure ;
also, the stump of the woman's arm is somewhat elevated,
as if to attract notice ; and the hand and wrist cut off are
carved close to his left side, wdth the liglit hand on his
armour, as if for iiote." In Gough's Sepulchral Monu-
ments, part ii, vol. i, ccxxviii, 17.9G, there is an allusion
to this monument, but the account is evidently taken
from Duncumb, and cr)ntains no ne^v particulars. The
story may have some foundation in fact, but it probably
arose from the mutilated effigy.

Passing from the realm of faille, \ve know that the
text of the marriage settlement of this memorable pair is
preserved by Blount.

Constantia's brother, the second Sir John Lingen,
received a grant of free warren of Lingen, in the 40th
year of Henry III. He lived during the long and
troublous insurrection of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, and
apjDears to have been one of the Commissioners, with
Roger de Mortimer and the Earl of Gloucester, ap])ointed
to settle terms with the discontented Welsh, for the
injuries done to Prince Edward. In these disturbances
we find the name of Peter de Montfort of Beaudesert, in
Warwickshire, a follower of his namesake, the great Earl
of Leicester, and the first Speaker of the English Parlia-
ment. This Sir John de Lingen was, in the year 1260,
one of the witnesses to a grant from Walter de Cliftord,
Lord of Corfham.. to Sir John de Haleton, of six acres of
his "bog" {{) at Cleobury, to be measured by the royal
perch, and with license to dig coals within the Forest of
La Clie, to sell or give anxuj. One of the first records of
coal in Shropshire. He appears to have fought with the
Mortimers against Simon de Montfort at Evesham.

A third John de Lingen was knighted by Edward the
First, according to Ashmole, " at a great solemnity, in
order to a royal voyage against the Scots." The family
was becoming more influential in the county, for Ralph,
son of this Sir John, became M.P. for Hereford in 1374,
and married Margery, sister of Sir Robert PemlDrugge, of
Tong Castle, Salop ; and his second son, Richard de
Lingen, married Isabel, daughter of Philip Holgate,
4th of Henry IV. This Richard appears to have been
entrusted with some sjiecial powers l^y the king. A


warrant is extant and printed in Blonnt's Law Dictionary,
of such an unusual nature that I give it in full: —

" Kichard de Lingein, Eraprover desueti commission.
Nostre ne dont Seigneur le Pru.ce deins le Comte de
Hereford et le Marches ad joygnant a toutry y ceuxt qui
cests letters verront ou orront salutez. Sachery moy
aver grant a une lanin de Brompton, loyal et leige nostre
Seigneur le Boy et ses servantes de vendre et le Marche
ad joygnant sans empechment ou arrest de nulluy come
loyal et leige hommes a son propre use et encrese sans
refreshment des Rebels de gales. Et cest mon lettre
serra son garrant. En temoinage de quel chose a y ceste
jay mise mon seal. Don a Lemestre le 11*^', jour de
Jules le Ann de Bege G Boy Henric le quart apres le
conque quarte," 1403. Owen Cllendower being then in
arms against the king.

Long before this Balph Lingen, the nephew of Fvichard
and son of the first Balph Lingen, had succeeded his
father in the representation of Herefordsliire. He sat in
the Parliament of 1382, and married Jane the daughter
of John Bussell, presumably judging from her arms of the
Strentham fomily in Worcestersliire. We no longer find
the Lingens identified with the manor from which they
took their name. This Balph Lingen is styled of Sutton,
or of Sutton Freene, a place historically interesting from
its connection with the seat of the Mercian kings, and the
site of the palace where the tragedy took place, which
disgraced Oifa's name, and induced him to found, as some
retribution, the grand cathedral of Hereford, of St.
Alban, and made a pilgrimage to Bome in expiation of
his crime. The event is noticed by Pliillips in his Georgic
Cyder : —

" And Sutton acres drench' cl with regal blood
Of Ethelbei't, when to tli' iiuhallow'd feast
Of Mercian Offa, ho invited came
To treat of spousals ; long connubial joys
He promis'd to himself, allur'd by fair
Elfrida's beauty, but deluded, dy'd
In height of hopes — oh ! hardest fate to fall
By shew of friendship and pretended love."

Sutton appears to have remained in the possession of
the Crown until the Conqueror granted it to Nigel,
the physician to the king. Henry I. granted free


warren of this part of Sutton, tlien known as Sutton
St. Nicholas, to Alexander the Secular, whose daughter
married Walter de Freene, Lord of Moccas (circa 1290).
Two parts of it became the pro23erty of the Talbots, but
were sold l)y Sir John Talbot to Clementina, daughter of
of Stephen Weite, who married Richard Walwyn, of
Hellens, 1420, whose descendants sold it to the Lingens,
who held the other portion of the lordship. As early as
Henry III the Lingens held the royalty of fishing and
fowling in the king's manor of Harden, adjacent to

Isabel, the sister of this Ralph Liiigon, who died
in 1446-47, married her cousin Fulke de Pembrugge,
and the last male of his line. She was Inisy in the twelfth
year of Henry IV (1410) in the foundation of the
religious establishment since known as Tonge C-ollege.
In the cliancel of the colle.ofe are the arms of Liuo-en and
the arms of Ludlow empaling Lingen, a lion rampant
doul)le cpieued empaling Lingen (Dudley or de Mont-
fort), which Blakeway, in liis Slieriff's of Sliropfiiliirp,
does not say. She ap])ea]'s to have married three times
— first, Fulke de Pembruo-o;e ; second, Sii' John Ludlow :
third. Sir Thomas de Peytevine, whose arms 1 have not
l)een able to discover.

The first time the name of Lino-en occurs in the roll of
the Sheriffs of Herefordshire is in 1470, when Sir John
Lingen, knight, of Sutton and Lingen, held that office.
We find him holding it again in 1476. In 1486, in 1495,
and in 1522, and for the next centurv, the name ot
Lingen is conspicuous in the sheriff roll. This Sir John
Lingen married Isabella, the third daughter and coheir r)f
Sir John Burgh, knight, Lord of Maw^ldwy, who died in
1471, the last heir of the ]:>rinces of South Wales. Lords
of Powis. The de Burghs exercised great power during
the reigns of the Iiancastrian princes. Sir Jolui was four
times Shei'iff of Shrojjshire, and was a person of great
magnificence. He had greatly " increased the family
estates by marrying Joane, the younger daughter and
coheir of Sir William CTopton, of Radbroke, knight,
whereby he acquired the manors of luidbroke and
(Jlopton, in the county of Gloucester, and divers other
lands and manors, in tlie counties of Warwick and



Gloucester." ' The other coheir of Sir William Clopton
married first, Roger Harewell, of Wotton Wawen, in the
county of Warwick, and secondly, Thomas Herbert. As
the descendants of the coheiresses of Sir John de Burgh
still exist, I may briefly here mention that Elizabeth,
the eldest, married William Newport, the ancestor of the
Earls of Bradford; Ankaret, the second daughter, married
John Leighton, of Leigh ton, Salop ; Isabella, the thu'd
daughter, married Sir rfohn Lingen ; and the youngest
daughter also named Elizabeth, married Thomas Mytton,
of Shrewsbury, a well-known family in Shropshire annals.
The property of Sir John de Burgh does not appear
to have been divided for several years after his death.
Among the Loton papers is preserved a singular letter
on the subject of this partition from Sir Jolui Lyngen to
Sir Thomas Leigliton, written iii hltli Henry VII: —

" To my ryght worshipfnll cosen Sir Thomas Legliton
[be] this delivered in all haste."

" E^iglit worshipfnll Syr, — I recomaunde me unto you
desyring to liear of your ]jrosperitie, whiche J'hu p'serve,
Amen. Lettying you to underston that my l)rother
Mytton and my nevow John Newporte liath wryttyn
unto me to have partyc'on of all the loncls that wher my
fader in law Sir John de Boiu-gh's, and my lady hys
wyff ; and I have wryttyn unto tliem under this form ;
that we should have a mettyng, and there to have a
comyn^ycac'on for the partyc'on of said londs, and to put the
4 partyse of the londs equally devydyd in waxe, and so to
take the parts thereof as fortune comythe : yf so be that
they fynde any defxute in the mackyng of tlie books of
]:)artyc'on lett tliem amend hytt. Also I have poynted
the jilase of mettyng at Lodlow, tlie 7th day of the
monythe of May, and yf so be tliat ye wylle be greable
tlierto, praying you to sende me in wrything under yo'**
seale whether ye wylle be greable or no, by my serv*, the
whyche shalle bring you answere betvvixte tins and Estyr,
as avoute the maryage l)etwixte my cosyn Acton, and my
dortyre Jane. No more unto yow at this tynie, but J'hu
p'serve, Amen. Yo*' lovyng wncull, John Lyngen, kniglit."
This meeting apparently took place on the 12tli of
May, 1501, thirty years after tlie death of Sir John de

' r.ii(l'j;i'iiian's Priiiccs nf Son/h Vnhn, \>. 2'ii).


Biirgl), when Sir John Lyiigeii and [sabe] liis wife re-
ceived " tlie l()rdslii|)S and niaiiois of Yucelton and
Stretton, with the mill and the })ark, part of the forest of
Cawes, Kyinierton, Sturchley, Wentnor, with the ad-
vowson of the church Gi-;ivenor, Overs, Shelve, and the
fourth part of Walton, with the a[)purtenances in the
said county," as the [Portion which fell to the said Isahel,
as dauirhter and heiress of Sir John de BurMi, and of
her mother's inheritance; "the lordships and manors of
llodbroke, Gretson, Wykelford, Upton liaselor, Exhall,
Binton, Barton, Betford, Benhall, and Mickleton, within
the CO. of Warwick ; lands and hereditaments in Bod-
broke, Gretson, Wikelford, Upton HfLselor, Exall, Binton,
Barton, Betford, Benhall, and Mickleton, with the ap-

Sir John Jing'en died in ]o22, and was buried at
Amestry church, near Linge]!, by the side of his wife, and
their beautiful monumental brass yet remains on their
tomb. The sisters of Sir John married well. Isolda
espoused Brian Harley, an ancestor of the Earls of
Oxford ; Matilda married Thomas Devereux, ancestor of
the Earls of Essex .

The fortunes of the family still continued to rise : the
son of Sir John and Isabel, the second Sir John Lingen,
of Sutton, was sheriff in 1505, 1516, and 1520. He
married in 1512 Eleanor, dauu'hter and heiress of Thomas
Milewater, of Stoke Edith, and acquired thereby that
beautiful and picturesque estate. Stoke Edith is supposed
to take its name fi'om the Saxon Saint Editha, daughter
of King Egbert, whose story I have told in my Ili.storic
Wamvickshire. It was the ])ro]>erty of lialph Toderic
(the king's standard Ijearer at the battle of Hastings),
at the time of the Domesday survey. Like Sutton, it
came into the hands of the Walwyns. It continued
in the Lingen family till the Bestoration, when it
was permanently alienated. The Lingens now seemed
to have attained the height of their prosperity. A
third John Lino-en succeeded his father in 1530, and
married Margaret tlie daughtiM- of Sir Thomas Engleiield,
of Engletield, co. Beiks, k.f.., S])eaker of the House of
Commons and Chief Justice of Chester. Fn his time
Catherine of iVrragon held Marden (p. 28} duiing lier


forced widowhood. There seems to have been many
disputes between the Lingens and the CroM'n, according
to Lord Coningsby's Ilistorif of tJw Manor of Mardcn,
judging from the Inquisition printed in page 30, which
recites the previous agreement between the Crown and
the Lingeiis. John Lingen seems to have taken part in
the conspiracy to put Lady Jane Grey on the throne at
the death of Edward VI. (p. 42), and he died the same
year that Mary came to the throne, 1544. He was suc-
ceeded by the fourth Jolm Lingen, who married a daughter
of Jolm and Sibell Iluynton, co. Herefoi'd. He repre-
sented the city in 1523. His daughter Jane married
William Shelley, described in the History of Marden, as
of Clapham, SiuTey, Ijut in the Bridgeman pedigree as of
Michelgrove, co. Sussex. It would appear as if the
Shelleys had conformed to the old religion, and were
connected with the various conspiracies to release Mary
Queen of Scots, and with the jirojected invasion under
the Duke of Guise. He w^as attainted in 1583 and
executed in 1597, and his prcjperty confiscated to the
Crown. Mis. Shelley was also im])risoned, but was
subse(pieiit]y released and permitted to eiijoy for her
\i^{i the estates she inherited from Sii' John de Bui'gh.
These j>assed away at her death (childless) by the gi'ant
of Kuig Jaines I. to Sir liichard Preston, Lord Dingwall.

The male branch of the family was continued hy
William Lingen, uncle of Mrs. Shelley, who married
Cicelia,, daughter of Anthony Ingram, of Wolverhampton.
Their son Edward succeeded to the estates of Sutton and
Stoke Edith on the death of his cousin. He appears to
liave been mixed up in the troubles of the previous reign,
for in the manor of Marden he is spoken of as "the
traitor." He was, however, sheriff of Herefordshire in
1G18, and married Blanch daughter of Sir Koger Boden-
ham, of Ilotherwas, co. Hereford. Edward Lingen left
two sons ; from the youngest, Koger, who purchased the
ancestral manor of Radbroke from Lord Dingwall, the
the Lingen-Burtons of Longner, Salop, are descended.
The eldest stands forth prominently in the Lingen
amials as the last male Lnigen of Stoke Edith and
Sutton, and a famous cavalier. The manor of Lingen had
been given by King .James to Sir rb)]ni i\;yton, nor


was it ever restoied to the faiiiily, tliougli they were
distinguished lor tlieir loyalty throughout the civil wars.
Henry Lingen raised a regiment in the king's service
and joined A\'ith the Coningsbys, Scudainores, Crofts, and
Pyes against the Harleys, Kyrles and Westphalings
against the parliament. His siege of Brampton Brian
and defence of Goodrich are matters of history. In 1645
he received the honour of knighthood from tlie hand of
King Charles, at Mr. Pritchard's house near Grosmont.
He was cast into prison after the king's defeat, and
fined £6,342. Besides his expenses in maintaining a
regiment of horse in the king's service, it is stated that
Sir Ilobert Harley's losses at Brampton Brian Castle
were estimated to exceed £12,990, and the Parliamentary
Commonwealth ordered the greater amount to be levied
oft' the Lingen estates, but Edward Harley, Sir Robert's
son, generously forgave the whole. The following curious
memorandum shews the extreme distress to which
Charles T. was reduced for want of money March 23,
1623, and what })late was due to Sir Henry Lingen, high
sheriff co. Hereford, u])on a privy seal for the loan of £20
lent to His Majesty : —

" One guilt salte with a cover, oue guilte salte -svitli a cover, one
guilte trencher, one great silver salte, one caudle cup, one little spoon,
and one tonne or tankard."

The caudle cup is now in the possession of Mrs. Geo.
Unett, of Castell Frome, Leaming-ton, Avho is one of the
coheiresses of Sir Henry Lingen; for though the gallant
cavalier had three sons and seven daughters, only one,
Frances, had descendants as far as known, and she
married .John Unett, of CJastle Frome, co. Hereford.
His great grandson Heiny Unett married Jane, the
daughter of William Lingen, of Sutton Court, who was
grandmother to Mrs. Geo. Unett and her sisters, the
surviving coheirs of Sir John de Burgh and Sir Henry
Lingen. In the History of the Manor of Marden^
p. 537, there are some particulars of the old Cavalier,
who was born at Rotherwas, near Hereford, and who died
of small-pox at Gloucester, on his way from London,
where he had been attending to his duties as repre-
sentative of Herefordshire in January, 1661-2. The
Chronicler says : — " Sir Henry Liiigen, eldest son of


Edward the traitor, .died, having been in the compass of
five years a knight, and no knight, and a knight again,
and after having (between the years 1G47, the year before
King Charles I was murdered, and the year 1G60, when
his son was restored) with equal vigour and zeal acted the
glorious part of a loyal cavalier and a complying Kound-
head ; the last part so near the time that it pleased the
Almighty to restore its lawful prince to the throne of his
ancestoi's, and his injured mothei', the Queen, to her
jointiu"ed lands in Harden and Sutton, that it could no
more be covered than excused, as 'tis said, broke his
hardy heart," It is said also that he was in debt to the
C^rown at least £400, for the rent of Sutton and his
royalties in Harden. He died, however, the owner of
tlie demesnes of Stoke Edith and Sutton Freene, with
the mills there called the King's Hills; also the demesnes
of Sutton St. Nicholas, Aymestry, Connop and Lye, with
500 acres of wood there, the demesnes of Biu'ghill and
Tillington, the manor of Broxwood, the demesne of
Weston, in the parish of Brewardine, then in course
of litigation, which terminated against his heir, who
established a right to a fee farm rent of £13 Gs. 8d.,
payable out of the manor of Weston. Sir Henry had also
passessions in the counties of Salop, Warwick, and Essex.
His rent roll amounted to £1250 per annum. His
property was divided between his seven surviving
daughters in 1670. Stoke Edith was sold to Paul Foley
of Bromsgrove, an ironmaster, and a great friend of
Bichard Baxter, in whose family it still remains. Sutton
Freene or Freene Court was sold by Hrs. Unett and
her sisters in 1873. Sutton Walls is in the possession
of Hr. Arkwright.

Castle Frome, near Ledljury, the married home of
Frances Lingen, was a former manor of the Lacies, and
2)assed from them to the Devereux, and thence by mar-
riage to the Braces, whose heiress married John Unett,
wlio then became (jure exoris) lord of Castle Frome.
The Unetts intermarried with nearly every family of
importance in tlie comity of Hereford, and remained
lords of Castle Frome until the last cejitury, when they
made Freene Cinu-t their ])rincipal seat.

There arc many collateral branches of the Lingen


family remaining in different parts of the country, — tlie
Lingen- Burtons of Longner, the Lingens of Wytton, co.
Salop, and the branch represented by the Secretary to
the Committee of Council, Ilalph W. Lingen, Esq,, and
Dr. Lingen, of the city of Hereford. Thus though the
old name has like many a mighty river lost its distinctive
title, it still survives in the minor streamlets, whose
names are written in the Lihro (TOro, — the nol^le and
gentle men of England.



Although full accounts, which I will presently enu-
merate, ap]:)eared at the time as to the discovery of
the o-reat Talltot's bones beneatli his well-known effigy
at Whitchurch, I hope the sulnject may he deemed of
sufficient interest, from the intimate connection of the
Earl and his family with this immediate neigh])Ourhood,
to justify me in again bringing it forward, and parti culai'ly
as tliere are one or two j^oints not hitherto referred to,
which appear to me to add importance to the curious
evidences of identity of the remains already collected.

Any lengthened details of the history and exploits of
the great soldier, John Talbot, Avill not be expected fi-om
me, for, devoting as he did, the best pai't of his eighty j^ears
to the service of his country in the warlike periods of
Henry the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth, and embracing the
whole career of Joan of Arc of France, his chivalrous
deeds have l)een again and again recounted, and rendered
specially immortal by Shakesj)eare himself.

He was the second son of Richard Talbot, of Goodrich
Castle, in this county, to v^hom, by the death of the elder
brother, he became heir, and marrying the heu-ess of Loi'd
Furnival had summons to Parliament in that dignity.
He subserjuently earned and received many other honours
and the Earldom of Shrewsbury, and after a life of
brilliant military achievements, died on the field of
Chatillon, 20th July, 1453.

On the 9th of March, 1874, some workmen removed
the effigy of the Earl, at Whitchurch, in preparation for
some contemplated repairs of the canopy and front of
the monument, and found underneath a sort of case or
coffin, containing (with the exception of some vertebne)
an entire skeleton, each lione of which was separately and
carefully encased in cere cloth. The rector (the llev.
W. H. Egerton) at once communicated with the repre-


sentative (the recently deceased Earl of Shrewsbury),
with Earl Brownlow, the present owner of the Blakemere
]iroperty, and others, and forwarded an account of the
discovery to the Society of Antiquaries, which was there
read on 12th March, Mr. Knight Watson giving a resurne,
from contemporaneous chroniclers, of the maimer of the
Earl's death. Later in the month, Mr. Earwaker, of
Merton College, Oxford, communicated Ashmole's own
notes (from his MS., No. 854, Bodleian), taken at Whit-
church, 31 August, 1G63. He describes the tomb, says
there was then no epitaph remaining, but quotes, from a
MS. of 1598, of some extracts from the Whitchurch
llegister, a full roll of his titles, which had formed an
inscription ; and gives also the Latin wording of a brass
which formerlv existed in the church, recording^ his name
and titles and his death, " in hello apud Biuxlowe," as on
the 17 til July, 1453. I may here say that a lengthened
notice of the discovery of the bones and the Earl's history
appeared in the Shrewshunj Journal of 18th March, and
more full ones stiU, with an account of the ceremony and
service on the re-interment of the remams, in the WJiit-
church Parish Magazine, in the montlily numbers for
April and May, 1874.

Mr. Egerton cori'esponded with me, and I took some
pains to ascertain where the Earl was really buried, and
to assist in identilying the remains from the various
circumstances recorded of his deatli. I found conflicting
statements as to the place of his burial. Most modern
Avi'iters, and several early ones of repute, were agreed that
he was interred at Whitchurch ; but he was otherwise
said to have been buried at Rouen and at Blakemere.
There were grounds, as I will show, for both these
statements, llalph Brooke, in his Catalogue of Nohilitij,
gave Rouen as the })lace; and Augustine Vincent (Wind-
sor Herald), in his Discoveries of Errours in Brooke,
ever ready, and, I may add, able to correct him, points out
the mistake. I referred to the Earl's wdll, which was
dated at Portsmouth, 1 Sept., 1452, and was proved at
Lambeth 18tli January, 1453-4, and there I found the
direction " My body to be beryed at Blakemere in the
paryshe church on the right side of the chancell." I
wrote to the rector (the lle\'. Andre^v Pope), and heard



that there was not even a tradition of this directioji
having been acted u])on, for although contained in one of
the last instruments he coidd have executed, it was over-
ruled by a pronnse he is reported to have made to his
body-guard of Whitchurch men, who, rallying round him
when in innninent danger in one of his battles, said to be
that of Patay, saved his life, that he would be laid in
Whitchin-ch. That he was first interred at Rouen there
can be no doubt, and lience that place has been recorded
as that of his burial, but liis remains were brought from
thence forty years after his death Ijy liis grandson, Sir
Gilbert Talbot, of Grafton, wdio led the right Aving of
llichmond's army at Bosworth, and buried where they
were found — the heart embalmed, in a silver urn covered
with crimson velvet, had been buried in the porch,
probably immediately after his death. Sir Gilbert was
the foundei- of the chauntry at Whitchui'ch, and died 9th
year of Henry VIII.

I now come to the means of identifying the bones. The'
Earl was not only wounded at Chatillon, but his horse

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