ENCOURAGEMENT AND PROSECUTION OP RESEARCHES
INTO THE ARTS AND MONUMENTS OF THE
EARLY AND MIDDLE AGES.
PRINTED FOR THE ASSOCIATION.
ENCOURAGEMENT AND PROSECUTION OF RESEARCHES
INTO THE ARTS AND MONUMENTS OF THE
EARLY AND MIDDLE AGES.
PRINTED FOR THE ASSOCIATION.
T. RICHABDS, 37, GKliAT QUEEN STBEET, W.C.
List of Congresses ........
Rules of the Association .......
Officers and Council for the Session 1876-7
List of Associates ........
Honorary Correspondents .......
Local Members of Council ......
Inaugural Address at the Cornwall Congress. Delivered at Bod
min. By the Right Hon. the Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe
The Early History of the Family of Mount -Edgcumbe. By the
Right Hon. the Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe, President .
The Architectural History of Cotehele House. By E. P. L. Brock
F.S.A., Hon. Secretary ......
Notes upon some Figures in the Western Towers of "Wells Cathe
dral. By J. T. Irvine
County and Parochial Histories and Books relating to Cornwall
By H. Sewell Stokes ......
The Earls of Cornwall. By J. R. PlanchE, Somerset Herald, Y.P
The Duchy and Dukes of Cornwall. By Stephen I. Tucker
Rouge Croix Poursuivant ......
Ancient Canterbury. By Joiin Brext, F.S.A. .
Some Knightly Effigies in Suffolk Churches. By H. S. Cuming
The History and Literature of the Ancient Cornish Language. By
Henry Jenner ........
Remarks on Celtic Monuments. By Thomas A. Wise, M.D.
Tintagel Castle. By Rev. Prebendary Kinsman, M.A.
Notes on the Men-an-Tol and Chywoone Quoit. By C. W. Dymond 176
The Ancient Boroughs of Cornwall, with Notes on their Anns and
Devices. By R. N. Worth ' 179
Notes on the Scilly Isles, together with some Cornish Antiquities.
By the Rev. S. M. Mayhew, V.P 191
Notes on Britford Church. By James T. Irvine . . .215
On Needles and Needle-Cases. By H. S. Cuming . . . 222
Troy and its Analogy to Mycenae. By Dr. H. Schliemann . 234
Roman Remains discovered at Sittingbourne. By G. Payne, jun. 263
Roman Pottery Kilns at Colchester. Part I. By E. P. L. Brock,
Recent Discoveries at Kenil worth. By J. Tom Burgess, F.S.A. . 275
On some Megalithic Monuments in Western Cornwall. By Rev.
W. C. Lukis, M.A., F.S.A 292
The Megalithic Antiquities at Stanton Drew. By C. W. Dymond 297
The Will and Inventory of Robert Morton, a.d. 1486-1488. By
E. M. Thompson 308
On Roman Vessels popularly called Amphorae. By H. S. Cuming 331
King Arthur and Knights of the Round Table. By T. Cragoe,
The Saxon Arches of Britford Church, near Salisbury. By C. H.
Baalism and the Temples of Baal. By the Rev. Canon Ridgway,
B.D., F.S.A 349
Description of the Saxon Church of Boarhunt in Hampshire. By
J. T. Irvine 367
On some Medals and Seals of the Cromwell Family. By H. W.
Henfrey . . . . . . . . . .381
On the KAPNYS, or Keltic Horn. By Dr. J. S. Phene, F.S.A. . 395
Traces of the Ancient Kingdom of Damnonia outside Cornwall.
By Thomas Kehslake . . . . . . .411
The Ancient Churchyard -Crosses of Staffordshire. By C. Lynam 432
St. Neot's, Cornwall. By E. P. L. Brock, F.S.A. . . .441
Suez Canals from the most Ancient Times to the Present. By
J. W. C hover ......... 447
Notes on recently discovered Pavements at the Abbey of Old
Cleeve, Somersetshire. By Colonel J. R. Bramble . . 456
On the 1 >iscovery of the Refectory and Tiled Floor at Cleeve Abbey.
By J. Reynolds 465
Roman Pottery-Kilns at Colchester. Part II. By E. P. L. Brock,
Original Documents. With Introductory Remarks by W. dc G.
Birch, F.R.S.L 471
The Roman Station called Templeborough, near Rotherhain. By
J. D. Leader, F.S.A. 503
Notes upon the Results of the Congress at Llangollen. By T.
Morgan, F.S.A. % : . . . . . .509
The Roman Remains recently discovered at Preston, near Brighton.
By Joseph Stevens, M.D., M.R.C.P. . . . .518
Proceedings of the Association .
Proceedings, of the Cornwall Congress
Catalogue of the Temporary Museum
Annual General Meeting
Election of Officers
Balance Sheet .
Elections of Associates
105, 213, 483
105, 112, 114, 120, 213, 220, 230, 248, 260,
266, 483, -199
Presents to the Association . 105, 112, 114, 120,
Biographical Memoirs .....
213, 220, 230, 249,
266, 410, 484, 499
127, 286, 401, 523
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
1. Figures of armed Knights, north-east angle of north-west
Tower, Wells Cathedral ....
2. Details of the Figures .....
3. Armed Figures in the West Front of Wells Cathedral
4. Entry into Jerusalem, Wells Cathedral
5. Roman Pavement recently found at Canterbury
6. British Antiquities found at Lancaster
7. Facsimile Page of the Latin-Cornish Vocabulary in the
British Museum . . . .
8. Facsimile Page of a Cornish Poem in the British Museum
9. Celtic Remains at Callernish, Island of Lewis
10. Plan of Remains at Callernish ...
11. The Men-an-Tol with its associated Stones, Bossullow Down
near Morvah, Cornwall
12. Chywoone Quoit, near Morvah .
1 3. Chill or Cornish Lamp, etc.
14. Saxon Carving, Bradford-on-Avon
15. Scold's Brank at Vernham, Hants
, J > Roman Vessels found at Sittingbourne. (Tivo Plates)
18. Plans of Roman Pottery-Kilns at Colchester
19. Kiln at Colchester, and Sketches of the Pottery
20. Views at Stanton Drew, a.d. 1784 ....
21. Plan of the ancient Remains, Stanton Drew
22. The North-East Circle and Cove, Stanton Drew
23. Typical Forms of Roman Vessels
24. Plan of Boarhunt Church, etc
25. Sketches of Boarhunt Church ....
26. " Medals and Seals of the Cromwell Family
27. Official Stamp of Henry Cromwell
28. Steel Signet of Oliver Cromwell. Son of Richard Cromwell . 592
30. Churchyard-Crosses of Staffordshire. (Three Plates) 432 434 436
32. Plan of Cleeve Abbey 467
33. Suez Canals .......... 450
35. > Pottery found at the Roman Kilns discovered at Colchester 468
36. ) (Three Plates)
37. ) Inscriptions upon the Sides of the Obelisk known as Cleo-
38./ patra's Needle. (Turn Plates) 488,490
39. Plan of Roman and British Roads near Sheffield . . 503
40. Plan of Camp at Templeborough ..... 505
41. Roman Edifice at Templeborough, etc. .... 506
42. Tile of the Fourth Gaulish Cohort found at Templeborough 508
43. Engraved Gem found at Templeborough .... 509
Srifoji Srrlratnlagiral Variation.
The British Archaeological Association was founded in 1843, to in-
vestigate, preserve, and illustrate all ancient monuments of the history,
manners, customs, and arts of our forefathers, in furtherance of the
principles on which the Society of Antiquaries of London was estab-
lished ; and to aid the objects of that Institution by rendering avail-
able resources which had not been drawn upon, and which, indeed,
did not come within the scope of any antiquarian or literary society.
The means by which the Association proposed to effect this object are:
1. By holding communication with Correspondents throughout the
kingdom, and with provincial Antiquarian Societies, as well as by in-
tercourse with similar Associations in foreign countries.
2. By holding frequent and regular Meetings for the consideration
and discussion of communications made by the Associates, or received
8. By promoting careful observation and preservation of antiquities
discovered in the progress of public works, such as railways, sewers,
foundations of buildings, etc.
4. By encouraging individuals or associations in making researches
and excavations, and affording them suggestions and co-operation.
5. By opposing and preventing, as far as may be practicable, all
injuries with which Ancient National Monuments of every description
may from time to time be threatened.
6. By using every endeavour to spread abroad a correct taste for
Archaeology, and a just appreciation of Monuments of Ancient Art, so
as ultimately to secure a general interest in their preservation.
7. By collecting accurate drawings, plans and descriptions of Ancient
National Monuments, and, by means of Correspondents, preserving
authentic memorials of all antiquities which may from time to time be
brought to light.
8. By establishing a Journal devoted exclusively to the objects of
the Association, as a means of spreading antiquarian information and
maintaining a constant communication with all persons interested in
9. By holding Annual Congresses in different parts of the country,
to examine into their special antiquities, to promote an interest in
them, and thereby conduce to their preservation.
Thirteen public Meetings are held from November to June, on the
first and third Wednesdays in the month, during the session, at eight
o'clock in the evening, for the reading and discussion of papers, and
for the inspection of all objects of antiquity forwarded to the Council.
To these Meetings Members have the privilege of introducing their
Persons desirous of becoming Members, or of promoting in any way
the objects of the Association, are requested to apply either personally
or by letter to the Secretaries ; or to the Treasurer, Thomas Morgan,
Esq., Hill Side House, Palace Road, Streatham Hill, S.W., to whom
subscriptions by Post Office Order or otherwise, should be transmitted.
The payment of One Guinea annually is required of the Associates,
or Ten Guineas as a Life Subscription, by which the Subscribers are
entitled to a copy of the quarterly Journal as published, and permitted
to receive the publications of the Association at a reduced price.
Associates are required to pay an entrance fee of One Guinea. The
annual payments are due in advance.
Congresses have been already held at
1850 Manchester& Lancaster
1851 Derby .
1855 Isle of Wight
1856 Bridgwater and Bath
1861 Exeter .
1863 Leeds .
1864 Ipswich .
I siis Cirencester
1S69 St. Albans
1874 Bristol .
1876 Bodmin and Penzance
Under the Presidency of
Lord Alb. D. Conyngham, K.C.H.,
J. Heywood, Esq., M.P., F.R.S., F.S.A.
Sir Oswald Moseley, Bt., D.C.L.
The Duke of Newcastle
Ralph Bernal, Esq., M.A.
The Earl of Perth and Melfort
The Earl of Albemarle, F.S.A.
The Marquis of Ailesbury
The Earl of Carnarvon
Beriah Botfield, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A.
Sir Stafford H. Northcote, Bt.,
M.P., M.A., C.B.
John Lee, Esq., LL.D., F.R.S., F.S.A.
Lord Houghton, M.A., D.C.L.
George Tomline, Esq., M.P., F.S.A.
The Duke of Cleveland
The Earl of Chichester
Sir C. H. Rouse Boughton, Bt.
Chandos Wren Hoskyns, Esq., M.P.
Sir W. Coles Medlycott, Bt., D.C.L.
The Earl of Dartmouth
The Duke of Norfolk, E.M.
Kirkman D. Hodgson, Esq., M.P.
The Marquis of Hertford
The Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe
Essays relating to the History and Antiquities of these several places
will be found in the volumes of the Journal. The Journals already
published are sold at the following prices, and may be had of the
Treasurer and other officers of the Association :
Vol. I, Â£2 to the Members.
The subsequent volumes, Â£1:1 to Members ; Â£1 : 11 : G to the
The special volumes of Transactions of the Congresses held at
Winchester and at Gloucester are charged to the public, Â£1:11:6;
to the Members, Â£1:1.
In addition to the Journal, published regularly every quarter, it has
been found necessary to publish occasionally another work entitled
Collectanea Archwologica. It embraces papers whose length is too
great for a periodical journal, and such as require more extensive
illustration than can be given in an octavo form. It is, therefore, put
forth in quarto, uniform with the Archceologia of the Society of Anti-
quaries, and sold to the public at 15s. each Part, but may be had by
the Associates at 10s.
An Index for the first thirty volumes of the Journal has been pre-
pared by Walter de Gray Birch, F.R.S.L., Honorary Secretary. Pre-
sent price to Associates, 10s. 6d.; to the public, 15s. Subscribers'
names received by the Treasurer.
Public Meetings held on Wednesday evenings, at No. 32, Sackville
Street, Piccadilly, at 8 o'clock precisely.
Session 1876-7. â€” 1876: November 15; December 6. 1877: Janu-
ary 3, 17; February 7, 21 ; March 7, 21 ; April 4, 18; May (Annual
General Meeting, 4'30 p.m.), 2,16; June 6.
Visitors will be admitted by order from members ; or by signing
their names, and those of the members by whom they are introduced.
The Council Meetings are held at Sackville Street on the same day as
the Public Meetings, at half-past 4 o'clock precisely.
KULES OF THE ASSOCIATION.!
The British A kci ideological Association shall consist of patrons, asso-
ciates, correspondents, and honorary foreign members.
1. The Patrons," â€” a class confined to the peers of the United Kingdom, and
1 The rules, as settled in March 1846, are here reprinted by order of the
Council. The variations made since that date are introduced, and indicated by
- Patrons were omitted in 1850 from the list of Members, and have since been
nominated locally for the Congresses only.
2. The Associates, â€” such as shall be approved of and elected by the Council ;
and who, upon the payment of one guinea as an entrance fee (except when
the intending Associate is already a member of the Society of Antiquaries,
of the Royal Archaeological Institute, or of the Society of Biblical Archae-
ology, in which case the entrance fee is remitted), and a sum of not less
than one guinea annually, or ten guineas as a life subscription, shall become
entitled to receive a copy of the quarterly Journal published by the Asso-
ciation, to attend all meetings, vote in the election of Officers and Com-
mittee, and admit one visitor to each of the public meetings.
3. The Honorary Correspondents, â€” a class embracing all interested in the
investigation and preservation of antiquities ; to be qualified only for
election on the recommendation of the President or Patron, or of two
members of the Council, or of four Associates.
4. The Honorary Foreign Members shall be confined to illustrious and learned
foreigners who may have distinguished themselves in antiquarian pursuits.
To conduct the affairs of the Association there shall be annually elected a Pre-
sident, fifteen 1 Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer, two Secretaries, and a Secre-
tary for Foreign Correspondence ; who, with eighteen 2 other Associates,
one of whom shall be the Honorary Curator, shall constitute the Council.
The past Presidents shall be ex officio Vice-Presidents for life, with the
same status and privileges as the elected Vice-Presidents, and take prece-
dence in the order of service.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND COUNCIL.
1. The election of Officers and Council shall be on the first Wednesday 3 in
May in each year, and be conducted by ballot, which shall continue open
during one hour. Every Associate balloting shall deliver his name to the
President or presiding officer ; and afterwards put his list, filled up, into
the balloting box. The presiding officer shall nominate two scrutators,
who, with one or more of the Secretaries, shall examine the lists, and
report thereon to the General Meeting.
OF THE PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS.
1 . The President shall take the chair at all meetings of the Society. He shall
regulate the discussions, and enforce the laws of the Society.
2. In the absence of the President, the chair will be taken by one of the Vice-
Presidents, or some officer or member of Council.
3. The President shall, in addition to his own vote, have a casting vote when
the suffrages are equal.
OF THE TREASURER.
The Treasurer shall hold the finances of the Society, discharge all debts pre-
viously presented to, and approved of by, the Council ; and having had
his accounts audited by two members elected at the previous Annual
Meeting, shall lay them before the Annual Meeting.
1 Till 1848 six Vice-Presidents, then the number enlarged to eight, in 1864
to ten, and in 1875 to the present number. In 1868 past Presidents made per-
2 Formerly seventeen, but altered in 1875 to the present number.
: * In the earlier years the elections were in March. After 1852 till 1862, the
Annual General Meetings were held in April. Subsequently they have been
held in May.
OF THE SECRETARIES.
1. The Secretaries shall attend all meetings of the Association, transmit notices
to the members, and read the letters and papers communicated to the
2. The Secretary for Foreign Correspondence shall conduct all business or
correspondence connected with the foreign societies, or members residing
OF THE COUNCIL.
1. The Council shall superintend and regulate the proceedings of the Associa-
tion, and elect the members, whose names are to be read over at the public
2. The Council shall meet on the days 1 on which the ordinary meetings of the
Association are held, or as often as the business of the Association shall
require; and five shall be deemed a sufficient number to transact business.
3. An extraordinary meeting of the Council may be held at any time by order
of the President, or by a requisition signed by five of its members, stating
the purpose thereof, addressed to the Secretaries, who shall issue notices of
such meeting to every member.
4. The Council shall fill up any vacancy that may occur in any of the offices
or among its own members.
5. The Chairman, or his representative, of local committees established in dif-
ferent parts of the country, and in connection with the Association, shall,
upon election by the Council, be entitled to attend the meetings of the
Council and the public meetings.
6. The Council shall submit a report of its proceedings to the Annual Meeting.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASSOCIATION.
1. The Association shall meet on the third Wednesday in November, the
first Wednesday in December, the first and third Wednesdays in the
months from January to May, and the second Wednesday in June, at
8 o'clock in the evening precisely, 2 for the purpose of inspecting and con-
versing upon the various objects of antiquity transmitted to the Associa-
tion, and such other business as the Council may appoint.
2. An extraordinary general meeting of the Association may at any time be
convened by order of the President, or by a requisition signed by twenty
Members, stating the object of the proposed meeting, addressed to the
Secretaries, who shall issue notices accordingly.
3. A general public meeting, or Congress, shall be held annually in such town
or place in the United Kingdom as shall be considered most advisable by
the Council, to which Associates, Correspondents, and others, shall be
admitted by ticket, upon the payment of one guinea, which shall entitle
the bearer, and also a lady, to be present at all meetings, either for the
reading of papers, the exhibition of antiquities, the holding of conver-
sazioni, or the making of excursions to examine any objects of antiquarian
1 In the earlier years the Council meetings and ordinary meetings were not
held in connection.
2 At first the meetings were more numerous, as many as eighteen meetings
being held in the year; and the rule, as it originally stood, appointed twenty-
Jour meetings. Up to 1867 the evening meetings were held at half-past eight.
OFFICERS AND COUNCIL FOR THE SESSION 1876-7.
THE EARL OF MOUNT EDGCUMBE.
(Those marked with an Asterisk are Ex-Officio Vice-Presidents.)
*The Duke of Norfolk, E.M.
*The Duke of Cleveland, K.G.
*The Marquis of Hertford.
*The Earl Bathurst.
*The Earl of Carnarvon, D.C.L.,
*The Earl of Dartmouth.
The Earl of Effingham.
*The Lord Houghton, D.C.L.
*Sir Charles H. E. Boughton, Bt.
*Sir W.C. Medltcott, Bart., D.C.L.
*James Hetwood, F.R.S., F.S.A.
*Kirkman D. Hodgson, M.P.
*George Tomline, M.P., F.S.A.
Sir H. W. Peek, Bart., M.P.
H. Ster Cuming, F.S.A. Scot.
John Evans, F.E.S., F.S.A.
A. W. Franks, M.A., F.S.A.
George Godwin, F.E. S., F.S.A.
Eev. S. M. Mathew, M.A., F.E.G.S.
E. N. Philipps, LL.D., F.S.A.
J. O. H. Phillipps, F.E.S., F.S.A.
J. E. Planche, Somerset Herald.
Eev. Prebendary Scarth, M.A.
Eev. W. Sparrow Simpson, D.D.,
C. Eoach Smith, F.S.A.
John Walter, M.P.
Thomas Wright, M.A., F.S.A.
Thomas Morgan, F.S.A., Hillside House, Palace Eoad, Streatham
Walter de Gray Birch, F.E.S.L., British Museum, W.C.
E. P. Loftus Brock, F.S.A., 37, Bedford Place, W.C.
Smctarg far JForrign Corrrspnamcr.
Thomas Wright, M.A., F.S.A., Correspondant de VInst. de France.
Curator ano Librarian.
George E. Wright, F.S.A., Junior Athenasum, Piccadilly, W.
G. F. Teniswood, F.S.A., Caton Lodge, Putney.
G. G. Adams, F.S.A.
Cecil Brent, F.S.A.
George E. Cokayne, F.S.A.,
William Henry Cope.
T. F. D. Croker, F.S.A.
E. Horman Fisher.
J. Turk Lacey.
J. W. Grover.
H. W. Henfrey.
John M. Howard, Q.C.
J. S. Phene, LL.D., F.S.A.
Lan- J. W. Previte.
E. M. Thompson.
S. I. Tucker, Rouge Croix.
F. A. Waits, M.A., F S.A.
| F. J. Thairlwall.
Kvitltib ^rcfcaeologtcal association.
LIST OF ASSOCIATES.
The past-Presidents marked * are permanent Vice-Presidents.
The letter L. denotes Life-Memhers.
THE RIGHT HONBLE. THE EARL OF MOUNT EDGCUMBE,
l. Ailesbury, The Most Hon. the Marquis of, K.G., 78 Pall Mall
Armstrong, Sir William, Newcastle-on-Tyne
Ace, Rev. D., D.D., Laughton Rectory, near Gainsborough
Adams, George G., F.S.A., 126 Sloane Street
l. Ade, George, 161 Westbourne Terrace, W.
Adlara, Wm., F.S.A., The Manor House, Chew Magna, Bristol
L. Aldam, William, Frickley Hall, Doncaster
l. Alger, John
Allan, R. H., Blackwell, Darlington
l. Allen, W. E.
Allott, Alfred, Norfolk Street, Sheffield
l. Ames, Reginald, M.A., 14 Conduit Street, Hanover Square
l. Amhurst, W. A. T., Didliugton Park, Brandon, Norfolk
Andrews, Charles, Famham, Surrey
l. Arden, Joseph, F.S.A., 1 Clifford's Inn
Ashby, Thomas, Staines, Middlesex
Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall
Atkinson, C, Crabtree Lodge, Sheffield
Bathurst, the Right Hon. the Earl, Vice-President ,* Oakley Park,
l. Bateman, Lord, Carlton Club
Bradford, the Right Hon. the Earl of, 43 Belgrave Square, and
Castle Bromwich, Birmingham
l. Boughton, Sir Charles Rouse, Bart., Vice-President,* Downton
l. Bridgman, Eon. and Rev. Geo. T. Orlando, M.A., The Hall,Wigan
Broke-Middleton, Vice-Admiral Sir George, Bart., C.B., Shrubland
l. Brown, Sir John, Endcliffe Hall, Sheffield
Vlll LIST OF ASSOCIATES.
Bain, J. (for the Public Library of Victoria), 1 Haymarket, London
Baily, Walker, 9 Champion Park, Denmark Hill
Baker, Rev. Preb. Talbot R. B., Preston Vicarage, Weymouth
Baker, W., Sneyd Park Villa, Sneyd Park, Bristol
Ball, W. Edmund, LL.B., Library, Gray's Inn
l. Barclay, J. H.
Barrow, Miss, 23 Frederick Street, Gray's Inn Road
Barrow, William Hodgson, 35 Westbourne Terrace
Bateman, W. H., 90 Cannon Street
l. Bayly, Robert, Torr Grove, Plymouth
Belk, Thomas, Hartlepool
Bentley, Rev. W. de, Bengeworth, Evesham
l. Benyon, Richard, M.P., 17 Grosvenor Square
l. Berrey, George, The Park, Nottingham
Birch, Walter de Gray, F.R.S.L., Hon. Secretary, British Museum, and
9 South Hill Park Gardens, Hampstead
Bland, Ven. Archdeacon, Durham
Blane, Rev. Henry, M.A., Folkton Rectory, Ganton, York