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Catalogue of the African plants collected by Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853-61 (Volume 1) online

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CATALOGUE

OF

WELWITSCH'S

AFRICAN PLANTS.

PART IV.



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
AT LOS ANGELES




CATALOGUE



AFEICAN PLANTS



COLLECTED BY



DR. FRIEDRICH WELWITSCH

IN 1853-61.



DICOTYLEDONS, PART IV.

LENTIBULARIACEsE TO CERATOPHYLLE^E.

BY

WILLIAM PHILIP HIEEN, M.A., F.L.S.,

CORRE3P. MEM. R. ACAD. LI3B.



LONDON:
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES.

LONGMANS & CO., 39 PATERNOSTER ROW;

B. QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY ; DULAU & CO., 37 SOHO SQUARE, W. ;
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER, & CO., CHARING CROSS ROAD;

AND AT THE

BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY), CROMWELL ROAD, S.W.
1900.

\_All rights



PRINTED BY

HAZELL, WATSON, AND VIHEY LD.,
LONDON AND AYLE8BUB7.




Utricularia] ! rf U xc. LENTIBULARIACE^. ^ j^\ 785-

XC. LENTIBULARIACE^].

The members of this family produce but little effect on the
physiognomy of vegetation in Angola ; they, however, especially
Genlisea africana, adorn with their innumerable mostly purple
flowers the humid pastures of the Huilla highlands. Most of
the aquatic and even the amphibious species bear yellow flowers,
while the strictly terrestrial species are red, violet, purple, or
white. In the coast districts only two species are found, and
these belong to Utricularia. The terrestrial species begin to
appear about 3000 ft. above the sea-level in soils that are kept
moist even in the dry winter season by the presence of Algse ;
they become more frequent and abundant both in species and
individuals as the land rises in altitude, and they occur in the
largest number of forms and species from 4500 to 5500 ft. The
presence of the terrestrial species of Utricularia usually indicates
a rich productive soil ; and even where they grow on a sandy
soil, as occasionally happens in Huilla and about Pungo Andongo,
their appearance is mostly accompanied with some impregnation
of the land with fertilizing materials. Heavy rains are apt
completely to wash away the aquatic species, and many of the
species suddenly disappear after a few hot and dry days.

1. UTRICULARIA L. ; Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PL ii. p. 987.

1. U. stellaris L. f. Suppl. PI. p. 86 (1781) ; Oliv. in Journ.
Linn. Soc. ix. p. 146 (12 Oct. 1865).

ICOLO E BENGO. In the Lagoa da Funda on the left bank of the
river Bengo, in company with Castalia stellaris Salisb. and U. exoleta - T
fl. Sept. 1854. No. 268- In the extensive Lagoa de Quilunda, near
Prata, in company with (7. stellaris and C. mystica Salisb., Lemna, and
Pistia ; fl. end of Sept. 1854. No. 2686.

BARRA DO DANDE. In the river Dande, the specimens probably
grown in Lagoas de Bumbo and washed down ; without fl. Nov. 1853.
No. 268c. An aquatic herb, floating by means of little bladders ;
rhizome ample ; flowers whitish violet or deep purple. In lakes on the
left bank of the river Lifune, not far from Banza de Libongo,
plentiful ; fl. and fr. Sept. 1858, No. 268d.

2. U. reflexa Oliv., I.e., p. 146.

HUILLA. Rhizomes densely crowded, covering broad tracts of a
small river ; flowers deep yellow or pale yellow ; corolla inside yellow
or pale yellow. In the river Quipumpunhime and most of the other
gently flowing streams in Sobato de Humpata, about 4800 ft. elevation,
very plentiful ; fl. April 1860. No. 269. Same place and date : in fr.
No. 2696.

3. U. tricrenata Baker ms. in Herb., sp. n.
U. sp. n. ?, aff. U. gibbce L., Oliv., I.e., p. 147.

Aquatic ; submerged leaves with capillary segments bearing
bladders; peduncle slender, naked, 1- or 2-flowered, 1 to 3 in.
long ; fruiting pedicels divaricate ; bracts orbicular, amplexicaul,
basifixed ; calyx -segments ovate, equal, i in. long ; corolla ^ in.



ygg xc. LENTiBULARiACE,E. [Utrieularfa

long; upper lip orbicular, entire; lower obscurely 2- to 3-
<jrenate ; spur as long as the lower lip.

HTTILLA -Flowers orange-yellow. At the muddy shore of the great
lake of Ivantala where the river Cacolovar takes its rise, at an elevation
about 4000 ft. ; fl. end of Feb. 1860. No. 270-

4. TJ. exoleta Br. Prodr. p. 430 (1810).

U. diantha Schult. Mant. i. p. 169 (1822) ; Oliv., I.e., p. 147 ;
non Alph. DC.

ICOLO E BENGO. Floating, densely caespitose ; flowers small, pale
yellow. In Lagoa da Funda, not far from the river Bengo, plentiful
but not then seen elsewhere ; fl. and fr. Sept. 1854. No. 267-

BARRA DO DANDE. A tender, amphibious herblet, sometimes float-
ing with a much branched rhizome laden with small bladders, sometimes
growing on the damp mud with an abbreviated rhizome and without
any bladders; flowers deep yellow. At the margins of the river
Dande and in neighbouring lakes near Bombo, sparingly ; fl. and
young fr. Sept. 1858. No. 2676.

5. TJ. diploglossa Welw. ex Oliv., I.e., p. 147.

HUILLA. Annual, amphibious, sometimes floating, sometimes
terrestrial, with its rhizome and branches bearing crowded bladders
and aggregated in the form of cushions ; the bladders blackish green
-or livid purple, large in proportion to the size of the plant, com-
pressedly ovoid, ramentaceous at the top; scape scarcely an inch long,
bibracteolate in the middle, 1-flowered, erect at the time of flowering,
bent downwards in fruit ; corolla yellow, moderate in size ; the upper
lip 2- or 3-crenulate at the apex, not bifid ; the lower lip longer than
and twice as broad as the upper, bent downwards, sub-entire and
reflected on the margin, as well as the broadly conical obtuse spur
furnished beneath with thin scattered hairs ; the palate very large
and prominent ; anthers inserted on the filaments below the apex. In
spongy places by streams and in still bays of the streams, in Morro
de Lopollo, at an elevation of 5300 ft., plentiful : fl. and fr. middle
of May 1860. No. 271. At the banks of the river Monino. A more
densely csespitose form. No. 2716.

6. TJ. cymbantha Oliv., I.e., p. 147.

HUILLA. Corolla pale yellow or straw-coloured, small. Sometimes
floating, sometimes terrestrial, in rather shallow pools and covered
with various species of Algae, creeping along mud and forming broad
spongy patches ; in the more elevated wooded parts of Morro de
Lopollo, seen nowhere else ; fl. April 1860. No. 272.

This is the plant referred to as U. ecalcarata in Journ. Bot. xxxv.
pp. 38, 77, 78, 79, 81, 86, 87, and cf. p. 146 (181)7) ; it formed a harbour
for the following fresh-water algae : n. 179 ; Mougfotia (sp.), Penium
{sp.), P. varioldtum West, P. mimttuni Cleve, Docidium trigeminiferunt
West, Tetmemoms granulatus Ralfs, Micratterias arcuata Bail, var.
tubpinnatifida West, and M. tropica Nordst, var. crassa West.

7. U. subulata L. Sp. PI., edit. 1, p. 18 (1753) ; Oliv., I.e., p. 148.
HUILLA. An annual insignificant little herb ; leaves radical,

spathulate-lingulate, greatly attenuate at the base ; scapes few-
flowered, setiform ; pedicels spreading-divaricate ; flowers yellow :
capsules globose, red, resembling the sporogonia of mosses. In damp
pastures near Empalanca, on the Humpata plateau, in mossy places



Utricuktria] xc. LENTIBULARIACE.E. 787

among low bushes, at an elevation of 5500 ft. ; fl. and fr. beginning
of April 1860. No. 257.

8. U. reticulata Sm. Exot. Bot. ii. p. 119, t. 119 (1 Jan. 1808);
Oliv., I.e., p. 149.

HUILLA. A terrestrial marsh herb ; root fibrous, the fibres very
slender ; scape filiform, twining, 1 to H ft. high, 2-flowered ; flowers
larger than usual, the largest among the Huilla species, deep blue
verging on purple ; the spur descending, acuminate, but little curved
forwards. In marshy somewhat spongy meadows on the left bank of
the river Quipumpunhime, in Sobato de Humpata, at an elevation of
4800 ft., very rare ; fl. and fr. April 1860. No. 265.

9. U. prehensilis E. Mey. Comm. PL Afr. Austr. p. 282 (1837);
Oliv., l.c , p. 150, excl. var.

HUILLA. An annual herblet ; rhizome csespitose, slender, whitish,
brittle, bearing little bladders and also leaves ; leaves rather erect,
lanceolate or Ungulate, attenuate at the long base into the petiole, not
uncommonly ending at the apex in a little bladder and there rooting ;
scapes 3 to 5 in. long, erect, usually aggregated, 1 to 3 together, 2- to
<j-flowered ; flowers saffron-yellow, the upper lip of the corolla some-
what emarginate at the apex, erect, appendaged at the base on each
side at the insertion of the lower lip with a short pyramidal tooth :
the lower lip obcordate, patent, deeply marked with four channels on
the disk, gibbose-crested ; spur conical, somewhat curved forwards.
In swampy spongy wooded places in the highest pastures of the
Humpata plateau, and in Morro de Lopollo at an elevation of about
5400 ft., in company with Xyris and Lycopodiacese ; fl. and fr.
beginning of April 1860. No. 261.

10. IT. andongensis Welw. ms. in Herb., sp. n.

U. prehensilis E. Mey., var. ft parviflora Oliv., I.e., p. 150.

PUNGO AXDOXGO. An annual, elegant herblet ; rhizome bearing
little bladders and intermixed with mosses and liverworts; leaves
broadly linear or lanceolate-linear, obtuse, thinly fleshy, yellowish
green : scapes erect, branched ; flowers yellowish, unicolorous. In
a swampy place at the banks of the rivulet Casalale in the rugged part
of Pedra Songue in the presidium, rare and observed only in one spot ;
fl. and fr. Feb., March, and April 1857. No. 264.

This is not identical with U. parviflora Br.

11. U. tortilis Welw. ex Oliv., I.e., p. 150.

HUILLA. Terrestrial ; fibres of the root whitish, branched, some-
what fleshy ; the branches sub-compressed, here and there terminating
in little bladders ; scape filiform, 2| to 6 in. long, spirally twining round
the stems of Cyperacese, 1- to 4-flowered ; corolla yellowish ; the upper
lip entire, longitudinally purple- striate ; the lower lip sub-entire, yellow
at the gibbosity, whitish-yellowish at the circumference ; the posterior
lobe of the stigma wanting or obsolete ; capsule quite covered by the
calyx when nearly ripe. In marshy spongy places in Morro de Lopollo,
among short grasses (Panicum myosuroides Br., etc.), always in company
with mucilaginous algae and even growing upon them ; fl. and young
fr. 9 May 1860. No. 258.

12. U. linarioides Welw. ex Oliv., I.e., p. 151.

HUILLA. In habit remarkably resembling some Portuguese species
of Linaria ; leaves radical, obovate-spathulate ; petiole long ; scape



Ygg XC. LENTIBULARIACE^E.

always strictly erect although weak ; corolla deep purple ; palate
yellow-velvety. In spongy places by streams throughout the Lopollo
country, appearing soon after the spring rams, at an elevation of 5001
to 5200 ft. plentiful ; fl. and fr. 26 to 30 Oct. 1859. No. 266.

13. U. Welwitschii Oliv., I.e., p. 152.

Hun LA Scape constantly flexuous on the fruiting portion ; leaves
loosely rosulate, elongate-spathulate, rarely surviving on the plant m
flower calyx-lobes yellowish, margined with red, obtuse, somewhat
denticulate on the lower part ; corolla yellow ; both the upper and low
lips purplish ; the palate orange in colour : the spur livid-purple,
conical, acute, bent forwards and upwards. In swampy pastures,
tolerably plentiful about Lopollo, in company with various species of
Eriocaulrm : fl. and fr. Nov. and Dec. 1859. No. 263.

14. U. firmula Welw. ex Oliv., I.e., p. 152.

PUNGO ANDONGO. An annual herblet : scape erect, simple or bifid,
comparatively firm : leaves radical, rosulate, obovate-spathulate ; upper
lip of the corolla yellowish, bilobed ; the lower lip orange-coloured ;
the palate deep orange-red ; anthers didymous-constricted. la a damp
wooded place among short grasses, near Sansamanda, on the right
bank of the river Cuanza, in company with Isoctes (vquinoctialis, rather
rare and seen only in one place ; fl. and fr. 1 May 1857. No. 262.

This is not identical with U. Wallichiatta Wight (v.firmula), Oliv.,
Lc., iii. p. 182 (1859).

15. U. sanguinea Oliv., I.e., p. 153.

HUILLA. Leaves spathulate, somewhat fleshy, brittle ; flowers very
bright blood-red purple. In swampy pastures and also in damp fields
neglected after cultivation about Lopollo, at an elevation of about
5000 ft., very plentiful ; fl. and fr. from Feb. to April 1860. No. 259.

16. U. exilis Oliv., Lc., p. 154.

HUILLA. An annual herblet ; rhizome very tender, whitish, rooting:
leaves spathulate-lingulate, somewhat fleshy, arranged in a rosette at
the base of the scape or at each node of the rhizome ; scape 1 to 2 in.
high, 1- to 3-flowered, capillary, straight, dusky purple, simple or very
rarely with 1 or 2 branchlets ; calyx -segments broadly ovate-elliptical :
corolla sometimes quite white, sometimes more or less violet-purplish ;
the upper lip somewhat emarginate or shortly bifid, erect, yellowish,
the lower lip gibbous and yellowish in the disk, which is almost
quadrate and marked with 3 or 4 deep purple transverse lines on each
side, reflected and violet-purple or white on the circumference ; spur
horizontal, ascending at the apex, pale purple. In pastures flooded by
the spring and autumn rains at length drying up and somewhat spongy,
on the Humpata plateau, at elevations of 4800 and 5000 feet, very
plentiful, in company with species of Xyris, Eriocaulon lacteuin Rendle
(Welw. Herb. 2452), Cyperacese, and Isoctes : fl. 21 March and fr. end
of March 1860. No. 253. A weak, terrestrial herb ; leaves radical,
narrowly spathulate ; scape 1-or 2-flowered, 1 to 2 inches high, smooth,
erect ; calyx-segments broad ; corolla white, the upper lip incumbent
on the margin of the reflected broadly obcordate lower lip ; spur
straight, conical, obtuse ; capsule globose, apiculate. In moist bushy
sandy flooded places on the point of drying up, between Lopollo and
the river Erne ; fl. and fr. middle of April 1860. No. 252. It also
occurred about Lagoa de Quibinda on watery mud, in company with
Rotala mexicana subsp. Hierniana ; see ante, p. 371.



Utricularia] xc. LENTIBULARIACE.E. 789

Var. bryoides Welw. ms. in Herb.

An annual, erect herblet, 1 to 2 in. high; leaves radical,
subrosulate, obovate- or lanceolate-spathulate, somewhat fleshy,
greatly attenuate at the base into the petiole ; scape erect, 1- or
few-flowered ; flowers purple ; corolla pale violet; the palate violet-
purple ; ; the disk prominent yellow and marked with purple lines
radiating to the circumference. The patches of the plant in fruit
resemble those of a fruiting moss.

PUNGO ANDONGO. In spongy places among the more elevated rocks
of Pedras de Guinga, in company with I/ysanthes andongensis Hiern,
var. ? ; fl. and fr. Jan. 1857. No. 254. In masses rather loosely in-
serted on rich saturated turf in spongv marshy places, near Catete
and Luxillo ; fl. and fr. middle of Jan. 1857. No. 255.

Var. nematoscapa.

A filiform herblet with a slender capillary scape and white
flowers.

PUXGO ANDONGO. In sandy places among sparse herbage, by the
lake of Quibinda ; fl. and fr. March 1857. No. 256.

This is quoted by Oliver. I.e., p. 155, in mistake as No. 257. It grew
in company with Polygala 'Welwitsclui Chodat ; Welw. Herb. no. 1013.

2. GENLISEA A. St. Hil. ; Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. ii. p. 988.

1. G. africana Oltv. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. p. 145 (1865).

HUILLA. Habit eminently Primulaceous ; leaves somewhat fleshy,
all densely rosulate ; flowers pale purple, turning blue when dried. In
marshy meadows and swampy plains by the banks of the Lopollo
river, at an elevation of 5000 to 5200 ft., in company with species of
Lobelia (cf. L. Wehoitechii Engl. & Diels, Welw. Herb. no. 1142, and
L. angoleiisis Engl. & Diels, Welw. Herb. no. 1146), Burmannia bicolor
Mart., var. ufrictma Bidl. (cf. Welw. Herb. no. 6473), and Erio-
caulonaceas (cf. Pcepalanthw Wahlbergii Koern., Welw. Herb. nos.
2454-55) ; fl. and fr. Jan. and Feb. 1860. No. 260. Weaker forms,
obtained at the same time and place. No. 260^.

The following No., represented in the British Museum set by
a poor specimen, should be compared with this species, but the
reference is very doubtful :

PUXGO ANDONGO. A herb scarcely an inch high, growing in a
caespitose manner, apparently perennial ; leaves erect-patent, somewhat
fleshy, almost rosulate ; peduncles longer than the leaves ; fruit fallen.
In rocky sandy-schistose places on the right bank of the river Cuanza :
without fl. end of Jan. 1857. No. 6743.

XCL GESNERACE^.
1. STREPTOCARPUS Lindl. ; Benth. & Hook. Gen. PL ii. p. 1023.

1. S. monophyllus Welw. in Archiv. Sc. Phys. & Nat. Geneve,
xi. p. 202 (1861), (monophylla).

8. bengiwlensis Welw. ex C. B. 01. in DC. Monogr. Phan. v. 1,
p. 150 (1883).

HUILLA. A herb, apparently perennial ; radical leaf solitary, very
large, very broadly cordate-ovate or cordate-oblong, obtuse at the apex,



790 xci. OESNEKACE.B. [Stnptooorpua

bright green, coarsely wrinkled and velvety-pubescent above, whitish-
shaggy scrobiculate and with thick pinnate nerves spreading beneath,
at length fleshy- thickened near the base, lying close to the ground ;
stem very short, fleshy, thickened, dichotomously or trichotomously
divided a little above the crown of the root into purple scape-like some-
what thick rigid several-flowered occasionally foliate branches ; flowers
handsome, somewhat nodding, as large as those of a foxglove, violet-
blue, some cauline, others solitary near the central stem from the crown
of the root : calyx deeply 5-cleft, scarcely 5-phyllous, short ; its lobes
J in. long ; corolla tubular-funnelshaped, sub-bilabiate, the segments
of the limb obtuse ; stamens 4, included, the posterior ones sterile ; the
filaments narrowly clavate, those of the interior stamens incurved ;
anthers sub-reniform, cohering ; ovary l-celled, in form like the spike
of a Myosurus ; placentas many-ovuled ; style firm, cylindrical ; stigma
capitate-peltate, the apex thinly papillose, not bilabiate nor with
renifonn lobes ; capsule elongate-cylindrical, l to 2 in. long ; the
valves 2, spirally twisted together ; seeds very numerous and small.
On rocky declivities close to the banks of the river Monino in Morro
de Monino, by rocks thinly covered with soil, at an elevation of 5300
to 5600 feet, rather rare ; fr. and very few fl. 10 and 12 May I860.
No. 1660 and CULL. CARP. 3(3 (not found) and 821.

This species differs from S. Cooperi C. B. Cl., I.e., by the presence of
pubescence on the exterior of the corolla ; it may be identical with a
plant collected by Buchanan in 181)1, n. 882, in Xyasaland. The solitary
radical leaf is regarded as a persistent cotyledon ; see Crocker in Joum.
Linn. Soc. v. p. 65, t. 4 (I860) and Dickie, l.r., ix. p. 126 (1865).

XCII. BIGNONIACE.E.

The species of Bignoniaceie found by Welwitseh in Angola and
Benguella are in great disproportion to the total number, which
amounts to between 500 and 600 ; this contrast is the more
striking, because tropical countries in other parts of the earth
form the principal seat of this Order.

1. STENOLOBIUM D. Don in Edinb. Phil. Journ. ix. p.264 (1823).
Tecoma Juss., sect. Tecomaria, Benth. <fc Hook f Gen PI ii

p. 1044.

1. S. stans Seem. Journ. Bot. i. p. 88 (1863).

Bignonia stans L. Sp. PL, edit. 2, p. 871 (1762). Tecoma slang
Spreng. Syst. Veg. ii. p. 834 (1825).

SIERRA LKONE.-A subscandent shrub, as tall as a man : flowers
yellow. Cultivated in gardens at Freetown ; fl. Sept. 1853. Xo. 484.

2. NEWBOULDIA Seem. ; Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. ii. p. 1045.
1. N. lams Seem. (Journ. Bot. 1863 p. 225, and 1870 p. 337) :

Bureau, Monogr. Bign. t. 15 (1864).

Spathodea Items P. Beauv. Fl. d'Owar. i. p. 48 t 29 (1805?)
Bignonia, africana Lam. Encycl. Meth. i. p. 424 (1783).

ISLAND OF ST. THOMAS. In the mountainous Darts of plpvatal
P a r^O f0r *^ FaZenda , de Mo teCaffe'; fl, bud Dec 1860 Xat 4
name Q ui n, e . Represented in the British Museum by some fragment*
and a drawing of the specimen copied from the study set Xo 1259



8f>athodea'\ xcn. BIGNONIACEJE. 791

3. SPATHODEA P. Beauv. ; Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PL ii. p. 1045.

1. S. campanulata P. Beauv. Fl. d'Owar. i. p. 47, t. 27 (1805 ?) ;
Seem, in Journ. Bot. iii. p. 332, t, 40 (1865); Welw. Apontain.
p. 584, n. 6 (1859). Bignonia tulipifera Thonn. in Danske Vid,
Selsk. iv. p. 47 (1829). S. tulipifera G. Don, Gen. Syst. iv.
p. 223 (1837).

LIBONGO. A tree of moderate size, with the habit of an ash ; leaver
pinnate, deep green ; flowers racemose-cymose, red-orange in colour,
campanulate, a little larger than even a very large tulip. In the more
elevated forests of the interior part of the district, very rare ; fr. Sept.
1858. COLL. CARP. 814.

CAZEXCJO. A tree ; leaflets mostly much larger and flowers half as
large as those respectively in Xo. 486. In the primitive forest at the
bank of the river Luinha, near Aguas Doces, during heavy rain ; fl.
31 Dec. 1854. No. 487.

GOLTJXGO ALTO. A handsome tree, when in flower one of the
most beautiful in Angola, 20 to 30, usually 20 to 25 ft. high, with the
habit of the common ash ; leaflets with a blackish gloss ; flowers very
large and crowded, scarlet, golden-coloured and somewhat crisp on the
margin ; fruit lance-shaped, erect. In the less dense damp woods by
the banks of streams, plentiful, nearly throughout the district, flowering
from September to the end of May, fruiting in June and July ; near
Sange, N-delle, Cambondo, Trombeta, and around Bango, fl. March
1856, fr. June 1855, at 2400 feet alt. No. 486. By the Menha Lula
road ; seeds August 1855. COLL. CARI. 813.

It is not uncommon in the district of Ambaca. In the primitive
forests of Golungo Alto, in Sobato de Mussengue, it attains 70 ft. ;
it is called " Muten-andua " or " X-denand '' or u Mangel-andua " or
" Mutenguenandiia " or " Andenandua." Also in Pungo Andongo.

4. MARKHAMIA Seem. Journ. Bot. 1863, p. 226.

Miwnteria Seem., I.e., 1865, p. 329. Dollchandrone sect. Mark-
hamia, Benth. & Hook. Gen. PI. ii. p. 1046.

1. M. stenocarpa K. Schum. in Engl. Nat. Pflanzenfam. iv. 3b,
p. 242 (July 1894).

Muenterict, stenocarpa Seem. Journ. Bot. 1865, p. 329, t. 36.
Kpathodea stenocarpa Welw. ex Seem., I.e. Dolichandrone stenocarpa
Baker in Kew Bull. 1894, p. 31.

GOLUXGO ALTO. A moderate-sized tree, 20 to 25 ft. high ; crown
dilated, frondose ; branches patent ; branchlets tortuous ; flowering
panicles erect ; flowers white or yellow, variegated with a rose or violet
colour ; fruit 1 to 1J ft. long, linear, falciform. In dense primitive
forests at the river Luinha, also as a small tree in secondary woods near
Cambondo, sporadic and occasional throughout nearly the whole district :
fl. and fr., Jan. and Feb. 1855, over-ripe fr. Dec. 1854. No. 482.

PUXGO ANDOXGO. A stately, leafy tree, 15 to 20 ft. high or more :
branches spreading ; branchlets ashy, much compressed at the nodes,
bearing frequently drooping flowers; leaves opposite, imparipinnate,
trijugate, the terminal leaflet the largest ; corolla smaller than in
Spatlwdea, greenish sulphur in colour outside, deep sulphur inside,
marked with longitudinal blackish purple lines and points ; the lobes
of the limb very crisp on the margin, dusky purple inside and beset
with large round glands which somewhat resemble the yellow-margined
apothecia of Lecidea ; stamens 5, one of them short and rudimentary ;



792 xcu. BIGNONIACE^E. [Markhamio,

capsule about a foot long, but little exceeding in. in breadth, curved
in a falcate manner, nearly smooth ; seeds as in Spathodea. In the
deep valleys among the gigantic rocks of the presidium, in the forest
of Mata de Cabondo and near Luxillo, not uncommon ; fl. and young
fr. Dec. 1856 and Jan. 1856. No. 483.

1. M. tomentosa K. Schum., I.e., p. 242.

Spathodea tomentosa Benth. in Hook. Niger Fl. p. 462 (1849).
Muenteria tomentosa Seem., I.e., p. 330, t. 35.

GOLUNGO ALTO. A small tree, 8 to 10 ft. high, or oftener only a
shrub of 5 to 6 ft., always sparingly branched and strictly erect ;
capsule 2 to 2 ft. long. In bushy places at the outskirts of the
primitive forests of which it is a remarkable ornament, sporadic ; near
Sange at the base of Serra de Alto Queta ; fl. Feb. fr. June 1855.
No. 485- A tree, in primitive forests 30 ft. high or in secondary
thickets only 6 to 8 ft. ; branches rambling, lax ; flowers yellow-orange,
very handsome. In the forests and thickets, frequent throughout the
mountainous parts of the district ; in the elevated primitive forests
among the mountains of Cungulungulo ; fl. and ripe fr. Nov. 1855.
No. 4856. A small tree ; leaves pinnate ; flowers densely spicate, large,
saffron-yellow ; capsules 2 to 3 ft. long, outside cinnamon-tomentose.
At Sange ; fr. July 1857. COLL. CAHP. 815.

Some fragments of the fruit of M. stetiocarjta are intermixed with
the fruit of this species in COLL. CARP. 815 ; the description attached
appears to belong exclusively to this species.



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of BotanyCatalogue of the African plants collected by Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853-61 (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 34)