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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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bright rufous 0. v. sinaloce.

A. Odocoileus virginianus virginianus.

Mazama americana typica, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 252, 1898 ;

Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6. p. 103, 1910.
Odocoileus americanus americanus, Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm.

p. 386, 1912.

Typical locality Virginia.

Size large, the height at the shoulder reaching to about
3 feet 1 inch ; antlers lanje ; general colour in summer bright
rufous chestnut, with black markings on face and tail; in
winter speckled yellowish grey ; a transverse black band on
the chin ; tail chestnut or grey above, white beneath, with
more or less black at the tip on the upper surface ; meta-
tarsal gland well developed, and situated low down on the
shank ; tarsal tuft large and mingled black and white.
Fine antlers attain a length of from 23 to 29 inches.

The range extends through eastern North America from
the southern United States northward of Florida and
Louisiana.

The reference of some of the following specimens
especially in cases where the place of origin is unknown
to this race is provisional.

47. 12. 28. 25. Skin, mounted. North America.

r.'roJiased (Bartlett), 1847.



160 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

50. 11. 30. 2. Skin, mounted. North America.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1850.

51. 7. 9. 4. Skin, young female, mounted. Probably
from an animal born in London. Same history, 1851.

53. 8. 29. 46. Skin, immature female. North America.

Same history, 1853.
681, v. Skeleton and antlers, mounted. Wisconsin.

No history.
50. 11. 22. 25 (681, q). Skeleton, immature.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1850.

59. 9. 28. 5-6 (681, w, x). Two skulls, with antlers.

North America. Purchased (Cuming), 1859.

681, m. Skull, with antlers. No history.

74. 10. 6. 1. Frontlet and antlers. Fulton County,

Ohio ; collected by Mr. Sleight. Purchased, 1874.

681. a. Frontlet and antlers, immature. North America.

No history.

681, b-d. Three frontlets, with antlers. No history.

681, a 1 . Frontlet and antlers. North America.

No history.

681, n, o, p, q. Four frontlets, with antlers. North
America. No history.

681, /, g. Two single antlers. Nortli America.

No history.

B. Odoeoileus virginianus borealis.

Odocoileus americanus borealis, Miller, Bull. N. York State Mus.

vol. viii, p. 83, 1900, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 386, 1912.
Odocoileus virginianus borealis, Stone and Cram, American Animals,

p. 39, 1903.
Mazama americana borealis, Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6,

p. 104, 1910.
Mazama virginiana borealis, Lydekker, Ward's Records of Big

Game, ed. 7, p. 102, 1914.

Typical locality Hancock County, Maine.
Type in New York State Museum.
Eather larger and greyer than the typical race.
The range extends from the New England States and
Canada to northern New York.

45. 7. 4. 5. Skull and antlers. Hudson Bay.

'Presented ty the Hudson Bay Co., 1845.



161

45. 7. 4. 6. Skull, immature female. Same locality.

Same history.
2. * * *. Skin, mounted. Canada.

Presented "by the Agricultural Department
of Canada, 1902.
2. f t t- Head, female, mounted. Canada.

Same history.

C. Odocoileus virginianus maerourus.

Cervus* macrourus, Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. vol. i, p. 436,

1817 ; H. Smith, Griffiths Animal Kingdom, vol. iv, p. 134,

1827.
Cervus (Mazama) macrourus, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom,

vol. v, p. 316, 1827.
Dorcelaphus macrurus, Gloger, Handbuch Naturgeschichte, p. 40,

1841.
Dorcelaphus virginianus macrourus, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat.

Hist. vol. vii, p. 257.
Mazama americana macrura, LydeJcker, Deer of All Lands, p. 257,

1898, Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 343, 1901.
Odocoileus americanus macrourus, Miller and Helm, Proc. Boston

Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xxx, p. 14, 1901 ; Elliot, Synop. Mamm. N.

America (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. ii), p. 39, 1902 ; Miller, List

N. Amer. Mamm. p. 386, 1912.
Odocoileus virginianus macrourus, Stone and Cram, American

Animals, p. 39, 1903.
Odontoccelus americanus macrourus, Elliot, Check-List Mamm. N.

Amer. etc. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. vi) p. 44, 1905.

Typical locality Plains of Kansas Valley, Upper Mis-
sissippi.

Smaller than typical race, and slightly different in colour,
with no black on face and tail ; antlers rather small and
much bowed ; general colour in summer reddish brown, in
winter bright greyish fawn with black speckling ; tail fawn-
colour, passing into rusty brown, above : tarsal gland
yellowish brown.

The range includes Kansas, Nebraska, the Dakotas, etc.

No specimen in collection.

* Misprinted Corvus.



IV.



162 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



D. Odocoileus virginianus leucurus.

Cervus leucurus, Douglas, Zool. Journ. vol. iv, p. 330, 1829 ; Baird,
Mamm. N. America, p. 649, 1857.

Cariacus leucurus, Lesson, Nouv. Tdbl. Regne Anim., Mamm. p. 173,
1842 ; Gray, Cat. Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 230, 1852 ; Cat. Rumi-
nants Brit. Mus. p. 83, 1872, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus.
p. 155, 1873 ; Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878,. p. 919 ; Flower and
Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 323, 1884.

Cervus (Mazama) leucurus, Sundevall, K. Svensha Vet.-Ak. Handl.
1844, p. 181, 1846.

Beduncina leucura, Fitzinger, Sitzber. Jc. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii,
pt. 1, p. 357, 1873, vol. Ixxviii, pt. 1, p. 323, 1879.

Odocoileus leucurus, Seton- Thompson, Forest and Stream, vol. li,
p. 286, 1898 ; Stone and Cram, American Animals, p. 33, 1903 ;
Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 388, 1912.

Typical locality Lower Columbia Valley, Oregon.

Closely allied to the last, from which it was regarded as
inseparable both by Caton and Elliot.

The range extends from Washington to California.

53. 8. 29. 52. Skin, mounted. Eocky Mountains, from
an animal presented to the Zoological Society by the Earl
of Derby. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1853.

E. Odocoileus virginianus louisianse.

Odoccelus virginianus louisianae, Allen, Amcr. Nat. vol. xxxv, p. 449,

1901.
Odocoileus louisianse, Stone and Cram, American Animals, p. 39,

1903.
Odontocoelus americanus louisianae, Elliot, ChecTc-List Mamm. N.

Amer. etc. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. vi) p. 44, 1905.
Odocoileus americanus louisianse, Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm.

p. 386, 1912.

Typical locality Mer Eouge, Louisiana, to which State
this race is restricted.

Size relatively large and colour pale in winter, with tall
and heavy antlers, a long and slender skull, and a long row
of lower cheek-teeth.

No specimen in collection.

F. Odocoileus virginianus osceola.

Cariacus osceola, Bangs, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. x, p. 26,

1896.
Mazama americana osceola, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 259,

1898, Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 345, 1901.



CERVID.E 163

Odocoileus osceola, Miller and Eehn, Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc.

vol. xxx, p. 17, 1901 ; Stone and Cram, American Animals, p. 39,

1903; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 389, 19] 1.
Odocoileus americanus osceola, Elliot, Synop. Mamm. N. Amer.

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. ii) p. 40, 1902.
Odontoccelus americanus osceola, Elliot, Check-List Mamm. N. Amer.

etc. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. vi) p. 44, 1905.

Typical locality Citrus County, Florida.

About one-third smaller than typical race, and much
darker, general colour mixed dark and pale brown; with
little or no difference in colour between winter and summer
coats, both of which are short and fine; tail dark reddish
brown tipped with cinnamon; cheek-teeth relatively large,
and certain differences in nasals and maxillae from those of
typical species.

The range appears to be restricted to the Floridan
Peninsula.

No specimen in collection.

G. Odocoileus virginianus texanus.

Dorcelaphus texanus, Mearns, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xii,
p. 23, 1898.

Odocoileus texanus, Seton- Thompson, Forest and Stream, vol. li,
p. 286, 1898 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 389, 1912.

Odocoileus texensis, Miller and Rehn, Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc.
vol. xxx, p. 17, 1901 ; Elliot, Synop. Mamm. N. Amer. (Field.
Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. ii) p. 40, 1902 ; Stone and Cram, American
Animals, p. 39, 1903.

Mazama americana texana, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of
Europe, etc. p. 346, 1901.

Odontoceelus americanus texensis, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and
W. Indies (Field. Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv, p. 70, 1904), Check-
List Mamm. N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 45, 1905, Cat. Mamm.
Field Mus. (ibid. vol. viii) p. 47, 1907.

Typical locality Fort Clark, Tinney County, Texas.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Size small ; antlers small, strongly incurved and of the
same character as those of typical race ; general colour pale
reddish, with margins and tips of the short ears and upper
side of tail black; cheek-teeth relatively large. In winter
top of head black and sides grey, a black dorsal stripe, and
general colour mingled yellowish white and grey, becoming
dusky on chest.

No specimen in collection.

M -2



164 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



H. Odoeoileus virginianus couesi.

Cariacus virginianus, var. couesi, Coues and Yarrow, Rep. Geogr. and
Geol. W. of 100th Merid. vol. v, p. 72, 1875.

Dorcelaphus couesi, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. vii,
p. 200, 1895.

Odoeoileus couesi, Seton- Thompson, Forest and Stream, vol. li,
p. 286, 1898 ; Stone and Cram, American Animals, p. 39, 1903 ;
Elliot, Synop. Mamm. N. Amer. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. ii)
p. 40, 1901 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 387, 1912.

Mazama americana couesi, LydeTtker, Great and Small Game of
Europe, etc. p. 346, 1901.

Odontoccelus americanus couesi, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W.
Indies (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 70, 1904, Check-List
Mamm* N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 45, 1905.

Typical locality Crittendan Camp, Pima County, Arizona.

A small desert-form, with antlers like those of typical
race ; general colour in summer dull fawn, with a tinge of
ochre, passing into mouse-grey on back, and tawny or
reddish brown on flanks and upper side of tail.

The range includes Arizona and the Sonoran district of
Mexico, extending as far south as the Gila Valley and the
forest-tracts near Mexico City.

No specimen in collection.

I. Odoeoileus virginianus battyi.

Odoeoileus battyi, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xix, p. 591,
1903 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 387, 1912.

Odontoccelus battyi, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies (Field
Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 71, 1904, Chech-List Mamm. N. Amer.
etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 45, 1905.

Typical locality Eancho Santuario, State of Durango,
Mexico.

Type in American Museum of Natural History, New
York.

Generally similar to 0. v. couesi, but with antlers bent
more sharply outwards, and, in skull, lachrymal vacuities
smaller, nasals wider and less arched, basisphenoid more
wedgelike, and cheek-teeth larger; general colour grey
brown ; tail grizzled white and brown.

No specimen in collection.



CERVIDyE 165



J.- Odoeoileus virg-inianus mexicanus.

Cervns mexicanus,* Lichtenstein, Darstellung . Thierc, pi. xviii,
1827-34, ex Pennant's Mexican Deer.

Cariacus mexicanus, Lesson, Nouv. Tdbl. Regne Anim., Mamm. p. 173,
1842 ; Gray, Gat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 84, 1872, Hand-List
Ruminants Brit. Mas. p. 156, 1873 ; Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc.
1878, p. 919 ; Alston, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mamm. pp. 82 and 113,
1879 ; Sclater, List Anim. Zool. Gardens, p. 173, 1883 ; Flower
and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 323, 1884 ;
Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 2, p. 58, 1896, partim.

Eeduncina mexicana, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol.
Ixviii, pt. 1, p. 357, 1873, vol. Ixxviii, pt. 1, p. 328, 1879.

Cariacus virginianus mexicanus, Rhoads, Amer. Nat. vol. xxviii,
p. 524, 1894.

Mazama americana mexicana, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 261,
1898, Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 347, 1901.

Dama lichtensteini, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xvi,
p. 20, 1902.

Odoeoileus mexicanus, Osgood, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xv,
p. 87, 1902; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 389, 1912.

Odontoccelus lichtensteini, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies
(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 72, 1904, Check-List Mamm.
N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 45, 1905.

Mazama americana lichtensteini, Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6,
p. 105, 1910.

Mazama virginiana lichtensteini, Lydekker, Ward's Records of Big
Game, ed. 7, p. 103, 1914.

Typical locality Valley of Mexico.

Size small (shoulder-height about 33 inches); antlers
resembling those of typical race, but smaller ; general colour
in summer speckled foxy red, passing into speckled grey on
head and ears, and into pure foxy red on tail, which is
relatively short; chin, lower jaw, and throat (but not
muzzle) white, like under-parts ; in winter greyish or ashy
brown ; metatarsal tuft small, brownish bordered with white.
Antlers ranging from 11 J to 13 \ inches in length have been
measured.

The distributional area probably includes a considerable
portion of Southern Mexico.

681, e. Frontlet and antlers. Figured by Pennant, and

* The use of this name has been regarded by Allen, Elliot, and
others, as being barred by " C. mexicanus," Gmelin, 1788 ; but it is
employed both by Osgood and Miller.



166 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

also by Hamilton Smith, as Mexican Deer, and therefore the

type of Cervus mexicanus. No history.

58. 6. 2. 17 (1374, c). Skull and antlers. Oaxaca,

Southern Mexico. Purchased (Salle), 1858.

58. 6. 2. 18 (1374, C*). Frontlet and antlers. Same

locality. Same history.

1374, h, i. Two frontlets with antlers. Same locality.

Same history.

1374, e,f. Six odd antlers. Same locality. Same history.
681, r. Frontlet and antlers. Mexico.

Purchased (Argent).

51. 11. 10. 6 (681, r 1 ). Skeleton, provisionally referred
to this race. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1851.
94. 11. 20. 1. Frontlet and antlers. Cerro Valijo,
Jalisco, Southern Mexico ; collected by Dr. A. C. Buller.

Purchased, 1894.

K. Odocoileus virglnianus sinaloae.

Odocoileus sinaloae, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xix,
p. 613, 1903 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 389, 1912.

Odontoccelus sinaloae, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies
(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 78, 1904, Check-List Mamm.
N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 47, 1905.

Typical locality Esquinapa, State of Sinaloa, Mexico.

Type in American Museum of Natural History, New
York.

Size relatively large ; antlers * simple spikes ; general
colour (season not stated) yellowish grey-brown, with a
black band above muzzle, and the sides of latter, spaces
above dark band, and orbital rings grey, and chin and throat
buffy greyish white ; upper side of tail bright rufous.

98. 3. 2. 148-149. Two skulls. Sinaloa ; collected by
Mr. P. 0. Simons. Purchased, 1898.

98. 3. 2. 150. Frontlet and antlers. Same locality.

Same history.
* Not fully adult in type.






CKKVID.K 167



L. Odocoileus virglnianus toltecus.

Cervus toltecus, Saussure, Ecv. Mag. Zool. ser. 2, vol. xii, p. 247, 1860.
Coassus toltecus, Gray, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mm. p. 92, 1872.
Cervus yucatensis, Hays, Ann. Lye. New York, vol. x, p. 218, 1874.
Cariacus toltecus, Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 921 ; Alston,

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mamm. p. 117, 1879 ; True, Proc. U.S. Nat.

Mus. vol. vii, p. 592, 1885.
Mazama americana tolteca, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 263, 1898,

Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 348, 1901.
Odocoileus toltecus, Miller and Relm, Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc.

vol. xxx, p. 117, 1901.
Odontocrelus toltecus, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 74, 1904, Check-List. Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 46, 1905.

Typical locality near Orizaba, State of Vera Cruz,
Mexico, whence this race ranges into Mecantan, South-
eastern Mexico.

Size very small, about one-third less than that of typical
race; tail relatively long; antlers short, upright, nearly
straight, and semi-palmate, with little forward projection of
the lower prong of the main fork, and the number of tines
reduced ; metatarsal gland and tuft wanting ; general colour,
at all seasons, dark chestnut-brown ; face blackish ; under-
parts white ; tail, which is truncated at the tip, brown above.

The aborted antlers and absence of metatarsal gland are
degraded features, the former being only a degenerate
modification of those of 0. v. mexicanus, while a transition
to the loss of the metatarsal gland occurs in the case of
0. v. nelsoni and 0. v. nemoralis, in which it is rudimentary.

56. 12. 14. 1-2 (1374, a-b). Two frontlets and antlers.
Vera Cruz. Purchased (Salle), 1856.

M. Odocoileus virginianus acapulcensis.

Cervus acapulcensis, Caton, Antelope and Deer of America, p. 117,

1877.
Odocoileus acapulcensis, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington,

vol. xii, p. 104, 1898 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 386, 1912.

Typical locality Acapulco, State of Guerrero, Mexico.
Closely allied to the preceding race, with which it is
identified by Elliot.

No specimen in collection.



168 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

N. Odoeoileus virginianus nelsoni.

Odocoileus nelsoni, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xii,

p. 103, 1898 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 389, 1912.
Mazama americana nelsoni, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of

Europe, etc. p. 349, 1901.
Odontoccelus nelsoni, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies (Field

Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 75, 1904, Check-List Mamm. N.

Amer. and W. Indies (op. cit. vol. vi), p. 47, 1905.

Typical locality San Cristobal, highlands of the State of
Chiapas, Mexico.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

A medium-sized race, allied to 0. v. toltecus, but with the
antlers* in the form of simple spikes, and a small metatarsal
gland half-way up the shank; general colour (probably at
all seasons) brownish grey, becoming blackish on top of head
and middle line of back, and grizzled grey on ears ; tail
fulvous above.

No specimen in collection.

0. Odoeoileus virginianus thomasi.

Odocoileus thomasi, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xii,

p. 102, 1898 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 390, 1912.
Mazama americana thomasi, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of

Europe, etc. p. 350, 1901.
Odontoccelus thomasi, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 75, 1904, Check-List Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 47, 1905.

Typical locality Huehuetan, State of Chiapas, Mexico ;
the range extending into Oaxaca.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Size relatively large ; antlers sloping backwards in plane
of face, with tips curving inwards and forwards, and a small
sub-basal snag on inner border; a small metatarsal gland
half-way up the shank ; general colour bright fulvous, with
a grizzled golden tint in winter, when the coat is longer ;
forehead black or black and fulvous, and chin white, with
the usual black lateral patches; tail bright fulvous above.
Skull and teeth similar to those of 0. v. truei (infra).

No specimen in collection.

* Not adult in type.



CERVID^l 169



P. Odocoileus virginianus truei.

Cariacus clavatus, True, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xi, p. 417, 1888 ;

nee Cervus clavatus, H. Smith, 1827.

Cariacus truei, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. vol. ii, p. 895, 1898.
Odocoileus truei, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xii,

p. 103, 1898 ; Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 390, 1912.
Mazama americana truei, LydcJcker, Great and Small Game of

Europe, etc. p. 350, 1901.
Oclontoccelus truii, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies (Field

Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 73, 1904, Check-List Mamm. N. Amer.

etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 46, 1905.

Typical locality Segovia Valley, Eastern Honduras.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Size medium: general appearance and colour very
similar to typical race, but antlers in the form of simple
spikes directed backwards nearly in the plane of the face ;
metatarsal gland small ; hoofs yellowish at tips ; general
colour, at least in summer,* bright chestnut, greyer on head
than on back, with a white spot on each side of muzzle,
followed by a dusky brown band extending to margin of lip,
and continued by a spot on border of lower lip ; orbital rings
whitish ; a dusky brown streak from nose to forehead, which
is darker than face ; ears mostly grey, with, a large white
spot at base ; upper surface of tail tawny like back ; under
surface of lower jaw and throat white, like under-parts.

58. 6. 18. 5. Skin, referable either to this race or to
0. v. ncmoralis. Honduras.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1858.

58. 6. 18. 8. Skin, female, racially identical with the
preceding specimen. Honduras. Same history.

9. 6. 11. 14. Skull and skin, young female, provisionally
referred to this race. Polochic Valley, Guatemala ; col-
lected by G. C. Shortridge, Esq.

Presented ly the Zoological Society, 1909.

* The speckled brownish grey skin regarded by True as showing
the winter coat, is stated by Elliot (op. cit. 1905) to be in the summer
dress.



170 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



Q. Odocoileus virginianus eostarieensis.

Odocoileus eostarieensis, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol.

xiv, p. 35, 1901, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 386, 1912.
Odontocoelus eostarieensis, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 73, 1904, Check-List Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 46, 1905.

Typical locality Talamanca district, Eastern Costa Eica,
between coast and Cordilleran foot-hills.

Type in U.S. 'National Museum, Washington.

Larger and lighter- coloured than 0. v. truei; general
colour mingled buff and black owing to annulation of
hairs darkest on top of head, neck, and fore-part of back ;
ears dark brownish grey, white internally ; tail cinnamon
above (like limbs), with dusky tip.

65. 5. 18. 36. Skin, female. Costa Eica; collected by
0. Salvin, Esq. Purchased, 1865.

65. 5. 18. 37. Skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

67. 8. 23. 2 (1374, g). Frontlet and antlers. Costa Eica.

Purchased (Carmiol), 1867.

R. Odocoileus virginianus nemoralis.

Cervus nemoralis, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. iv,

p. 137, 1827 ; Pucheran, Arch. Mus. Paris, vol. vi, p. 336, 1852.
Cervus (Mazama) nemoralis, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom,

vol. v, p. 317, 1827.
Mazama nemoralis, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. iii,

p. 175, 1835.
Cariacus nemoralis, Lesson, Nouv. Tabl. Eegne Anim., Mamm. p. 173,

1842 ; Gray, Cat. Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 232, 1852 ; Matschie,

Mitt, geogr. Ges. LubecJt, 1894, p. 130.
Eeduncina nemoralis, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol.

Ixviii, pt. 1, p. 357, 1873, vol. Ixxviii, p. 338, 1879.
Mazama americana nemoralis, LydekJcer, Deer of All Lands, p. 264,

1898; Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 349, 1901.
Odontocoelus nemoralis, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 74, 1904, Check-List Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 46, 1905.

Typical locality unknown ; the range extends from
Honduras to Panama.

Generally similar to 0. v. truei (height about 28 or 29
inches) ; metatarsal gland very small (occasionally obsolete),
situated about half-way up shank, with scarcely any white



CERVID.I; 171

marginal ring; antlers small (about 7J inches in length),
with the beam straight, a small upright sub-basal tine
in front, and forked at summits; general colour brownish
grey tinged with yellow ; forehead and crown blackish ;
upper lip and patch on lower lip black; sides of muzzle,
lower lip, and chin white ; orbital rings fawn ; tail dusky
above ; legs ochery.

No specimen in collection definitely referable to this
race (see 0. v. truei, p. 167).

S. Odocoileus virginianus rothschildi.

Daina rothschildi, Thomas, Novit. ZooL vol. ix, p. 136, 1902.
Odocoileus rothschildi, Thomas, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xv,

p. 198, 1902.
Odontocoelus rothschildi, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. ZooL Pub. vol. iv), p. 72, 1904, Check-List Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 46, 1905.
Odocoileus rothschildi rothschildi, Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm.

p. 389, 1912.

Typical locality Coiba Island, west coast of Panama.

Size very small ; antlers short, with two or three tines ;
skull slight, with large lachrymal vacuities ; metatarsal
gland wanting; general colour brown, with fawn tips to
hairs, and dorsal line darker ; a spot on each side of muzzle
and others above and below each eye whitish ; chin, throat,
and inner sides of upper part of legs white; tarsal gland
reddish brown ; tail fawn above with black terminal portion.

2. 3. 5. 24. Skull, with rudiments of antlers, and skin,



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