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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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2. 3. 15. 1. Skull and antlers. Rio de los Antiguos,
Patagonia. Presented by H. Hesketh Prichard, Esq., 1902.

2. 3. 15. 2. Skin. Same locality. Same history.

2. 3. 15. 3. Skin. Same locality. Same history.



II. HIPPOCAMELUS ANTISENSIS.

Cerf d'Antis, Pucheran, Diet. Univ. Hist. Nat. vol. iii, p. 328.
Cervus antisensis, d'Orbigny, Ann. Mus. Paris, vol. iii, p. 91, 1834,

Voyage Amer. Merid. vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 28, pi. xx, 1847 ; Philippi,

An. Mus. Chile, Zool. 1892, p. 7, 1894, p. 6.
Cervus (Elaphus Furcifer) antisiensis, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthiere,

Suppl. vol. iv, p. 384, 1844.
Cervus (Furcifer) antisiensis, Sundevall, K. Svenska Vet.-Ak. Handl.

1844, p. 183, 1846.
Cervus antisiensis, Tschudi, Fauna Peruv. vol. i, p. 241, pi. xviii,

1844; Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1875, p. 46; Matschie, Sitzber.

Ges. nat. Freunde, 1894, p. 63.

Anomalocera huamel, Gray, Scientific Opinion, 1869, p. 384.
Xenelaphus huamel, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1869, p. 497.
Xenelaphus leucotis, Gray, Cat. Euminants Brit. Mus. p. 89, 1872.
Xenelaphus anomalocera, Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. x,

p. 445, 1872.
Xenelaphus chilensis, Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xii,

p. 61, 1873, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 159, 1873.
Creagoceros antisiensis, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien,

vol. Ixviii, pt. 1, p. 358, 1873, vol. Ixxviii, pt. 1, p. 369, 1879.
Furcifer chilensis, Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xiii, p. 332,

1874.
Cariacus antisiensis, Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 924 ; Schdff,

Zool. Garten, vol. xxxi, p. 226, 1890 ; Floiuer and Lydekker, Study

of Mammals, p. 329, 1891 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs, p. 346,

1903.

Furcifer antisensis, Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1895, p. 9.
Mazama antisiensis, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 295, pi. xxiii,

1898.
Mazama (Xenelaphus) antisiensis, p. 367, 1901 ; Ward, Records of

Big Game, ed. 6, p. 112, 1916, ed. 7, p. 110, 19.14.
Hippooamelus antisiensis, Elliot, Cat. Mamm. Field Mus. (Field

Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. viii) p. 52, 1907 ; Pocock, Proc. Zool. Soc.

1910, p. 966 ; Osgood, Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. x, p. 153, 1914.



197

Odocoileus antisensis, Dabbcnc, An. Mus. B. Aires, ser. 3, vol. xiv,
p. 293, 1911.

PERUVIAN GUEMAL.

Typical locality Peruvian Andes.

Smaller than preceding species, the shoulder-height being
about 34 inches ; general colour much the same as in latter,
but uDder-parts markedly lighter than back, and a patch on
rump and basal portion of upper side of tail brown ; tarsal
tuft blackish brown ; antlers forking nearer burr.

The range includes the Andes of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia,
and northern Chili, usually at heights of between 14,000
and 16,000 feet above the sea-level, but probably ranging
down to 11,000 feet, and also part of northern Argentina.
In Ecuador this species is abundant on Chimborazo, Pichincha,
and Cotopaxi.

69. 10. 15. 1. Skull, with antlers, and skin, formerly
mounted. Tinta, southern Peru; collected by Mr. H.
Whiteley. Type of Xenelaphus anomalocera. Purchased, 1869.

69. 10. 15. 2 (1525, a). Skull and skin, female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

69. 10. 15. 3 (1525, c). Skull and skin, young. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

69. 10. 15. 4 (1525, d). Skull and skin, young. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

69. 10. 15. 5 (1525, r). Skull, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

* * * *. Skull and antlers. Locality unknown.

No history.

74.3.27.1. Skin, mounted. Ceachupati, Peru ; collected
by Mr. H. Whitely. Purchased, 1872.

94. 11. 20. 4. Skull and skin, female. Incapirca, Junin,
Peru ; collected by Mr. J. Kalinowski. Purchased, 1894.

97. 11. 11. 4-5. Two skulls. Tinta, Peru; collected
by Mr. H. Whitely; formerly in collection of Sir Victor
Brooke, Bart. Presented by Sir Douglas Brooke, Bart, 1897.



198 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



X. Genus MAZAMA.

Mazama, Eafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. vol. i, p. 44, 1817 ;

Merriam, Science, ser. 2, vol. i, p. 208, 1895 ; Lydekker, Deer of

All Lands, pp. 243 (partim) and 298, 1898 ; Elliot, Mamm. Mid.

Amer. and W. Indies (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 79, 1904 ;

Pocock, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1910, p. 264 ; Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist. ser. 8, vol. xi, p. 585, 1913.
Subulo, H. Smith, Griffiths Animal Kingdom, vol. v, p. 318, 1827;

Fitzinger, Sitzber. Jc. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 7,

1879 ; nee Subula, Schumacher, 1817.

Passalites, Gloger, Handbuch Naturgcschichte, p. 140, 1841.
Subula, Lesson, Nouv. Tabl. Regne Anim., Mamm. p. 173, 1842 ; nee

Schumacher, 1817.
Coassus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 174, 1843, Cat. Ungulata

Brit. Mus. p. 238, 1852, Cat. Euminants Brit. Mus. p. 91, 1872 ;

Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 924 ; Riitimeyer, Abh. schweiz.

pal. Ges. vol. viii/p. 31, 1881.

Homelaphus, Gray, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 90, 1872.
Nanelaphus, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii, pt. 1,

p. 360, 1873, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 31, 1879.
Doryceros, Fitzinger, op..cit. vol. Ixviii. p. 360, 1873, vol. Ixxix, p. 23,

1879.

Small deer nearly allied to the three preceding genera,
but distinguished by the following characters :

Antlers in the form of simple unbranched spikes ; meta-
tarsal gland and tuft absent, and tarsal gland in some species
rudimentary or perhaps obsolete ; tail very short ; face
elongated ; face-glands small and exposed, and gland-pits
deep and triangular ; crown of head tufted, and hair of face
radiating from two whorls, one on crown and the other
below line of eyes, the hair of forehead being directed
upwards towards antlers, and that of nose downwards towards
muzzle; upper canines occasionally present in old males;
coat fine and smooth ; build clumsy, with the back much
arched, and profile of face convex ; young spotted with
white. Ears of medium length ; upper lip with a pair of
white spots on each side of nose, and lower lip with a larger
white spot in middle line.

The range includes Central and Tropical South America.

The following is a " key " to the species :

A. Lachrymal pits in skull deeper.

a. Size larger M. rufina.

b . Size smaller . M . bricenii.



CERVin.i: 109

B. Lachrymal pits shallower.

a. Colour rufous, white below.
a'. Hair of withers reversed.

a". Premaxillae articulating with nasals;

skull longer.
a, 3 . Face not markedly dark, without

eyebrow-streak M. amcnca na .

b 3 . Face markedly dark, with eyebrow-
streak M. super ciliaris.

b". Premaxillae not articulating with nasals ;

skull shorter M. zetta.

b' . Hair of withers not reversed M. sheila.

c. Hair of withers either normal or reversed,
size small, face and limbs shaded with
bluish black M. tema.

b. Colour brown to whitish grey.

b'. Colour pale pepper-and-salt brown to

whitish grey, size larger M. simplicicornis.

c'. Colour dark brown tinged with rufous,

size very small M. nana.

c. Colour drab-brown, tail fulvous M. pandora.

I. MAZAMA AMERICANA.

Moschus americanus, Erxleben, Syst. Regn. Anim. vol. i, p. 324, 1777.

Cervus rufus, Illiger. Abh. Ak. Sci. Berlin, 1811, p. 108, 1815;*
Desmarest, Mammalogie, vol. ii, p. 245, 1822 ; H. Smith,
Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. iv, p. 140, 1827 ; Tschudi,
Fauna Peruv. vol. i, p. 236, 1844; F. Cuvier, Diet. Sci. Nat.
vol. vii, p. 127, 1817 ; Burmeister, Descript. Pliys. Repub.
Argent, vol. iii, p. 465, 1879.

Mazama pita, Eafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. vol. i, p. 363, 1817.

Cervus (Subulo) rufus, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. v,
p. 318, 1827 ; Goeldi, Mammiferos do Brasil, p. 108, 1893.

Subulo rufus, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. iii, p. 178,' 1835.

(?) Subulo apura, Swainson, Classif. Quadrupeds, p. 295, 1835.

Coassus rufus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 174, 1843, Knowsley
Menagerie, p. 69, pi. xlvii, 1850, Cat. Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 238,
1852. Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 92, 1872, Hand-List Rumi-
nants Brit. Mus. p. 161, 1873 ; Quelch, Zoologist, ser. 3, vol. xvii,
p. 19, 1893.

Cervus (Subulo) dolichurus, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthiere, Suppl.
vol. iv, p. 389, 1844.

Homelaphus inornatus, Gray, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 90, 1872.

Coassus inornatus, Gray, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 162,
1873.

Subulo dolichurus, Fitzinger, Sitzber. If. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii,
pt. 1, p. 359, 1873, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 11, 1879.

* Separate copies stated to have been issued in 1811,



200 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Subulo rufus, Fitzinger, op. cit. vol. Ixviii, p. 360, 1873, vol. Ixxix,

p. 11, 1879.
Cariacus rufus, Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 925 ; Sclater, List

Mamin. Zool. Gardens, p. 174, 1883 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs,

p. 348, 1893.
Cervus (Coassus) rufus, Ihering, Mammiferos de Sao Paulo, p. 15,

1894.
Mazarna rufa, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 300, 1898, Great and

Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 370, 1901.
Mazama inornata, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 306, 1898.
Mazama americana, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. xi,

p. 585, 1913; Stone, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1914, p. 15;

Lydekker, Ward's Records of Big Game, ed. 7, p. Ill, 1914.

EED BROCKET; VEADO PARDO or VEADO MATEIRO.

The type species. Also type of Homelaplms.

Typical locality Guiana.

Size relatively large, and build heavy ; height at shoulder
about 27 inches; hair of middle line of nape generally
reversed ; general colour shining brownish red (rufous),
sometimes with minute dark tips to the hairs ; sides of neck
and flanks reddish grey ; throat, under surface of upper part
of neck, and inner sides of thighs whitish grey; tail
brownish red above, white below and at tip ; a small whitish
streak on rump ; a large spot on front of lower lip and a
smaller one on each side of upper lip below nose white ;
antlers yellowish white ; lachrymal pits relatively shallow ;
premaxillae usually articulating with nasals.

The range extends from Guiana to Paraguay and Rio
Grande do Sul.

The two local races are distinguishable as follows :

A. Size larger; skull longer (205 to 210 mm.) M. a. americana.

B. Size smaller; skull shorter (202 mm.) M.a.jucunda.

A. Mazama americana americana.

Typical locality Guiana.

General characters those of the species ; skull relatively
long.

The range includes Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, and
Paraguay.

684, a. Skeleton, mounted. South America.

Purchased (Brandt).

1037, a. Skull, with antlers. Bahia, Brazil, fio history.



CERVID.I; 201

41. 594. Skull and skin, female. South America;
collected by Parreys. Purchased.

41. 595. Skin, mounted. South America ; same
collector. Purchased.

45. 8. 509 (684, 1). Skull. Para, Amazonia.

Presented by J. P. G. Smith, Esq., 1845.

46. 4. 21. 7 (684, c). Skeleton, immature.

Purchased (Brandt), 1846.

51. 8. 29. 7. Skin, female, formerly mounted. South

America. Type of Homclaphus inornatus ; referred to by

Gray as a male, a statement copied by the present writer in

Deer of All Lands. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1851.

66. 3. 28. 14. Skin. Upper Ucayali Valley, Peru ;

collected by Mr. C. Bartlett. Purchased, 1866.

80. 5. 6. 38. Skin. Sarayacu, Ecuador; collected by

Mr. C. Buckley. Purchased, 1880.

80. 5. 6. 39. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

82. 9. 30. 24. Skull and antlers. Taquara, Eio Grande
do Sal, Brazil; collected by Dr. H. von Ihering.

Purchased, 1882.

82. 9. 30. 25. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

1. 11. 3. 91. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Eio Jordao,
Minas Geraes ; collected by Mr. A. Kobert. Purchased, 1901.

1. 11. 3. 92. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

2. 1. 1. 114. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Charuplaya,
Bolivia ; collected by Mr. P. 0. Simons.

Presented by 0. Thomas, Esq., 1902.

3. 7. 7. 129. Skull and skin, young in spotted coat.
Serra de Chapada, Matto Grosso, Brazil; collected by
Mr. A. Eobert. Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen.

3. 7. 7. 130. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

4. 7. 4. 88. Skull and skin, female. Igarape Assu,
Para, Amazonia ; collected by Mr. A. Eobert.

Presented by 0. Thomas, Esq., 1904.

4. 7. 4. 89. Skull and skin, immature female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.



202 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

8. 5. 9. 27. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Humaytha
Valley, Madeira, Amazonia ; collected by Mr. W. Hoffmanns.

Purchased, 1908.

10. 5. 4. 58. Skull and skin, young in short, dark,
spotted coat. Supinaam Valley, British Guiana; collected
hy Mr. Cozier. This and the following specimens from the
same district are topo- types of the species.

Presented ly F. V. McConnell, Esq., 1910.

10. 5. 4. 59. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

11. 12. 15. 17. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same donor, 1911.

11. 12. 15. 18. Skull and skin, young in dark, spotted
coat. Same locality and collector. Same history.

11. 12. 15. 19. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

13. 5. 28. 11. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Bonasica,
Essequibo Valley, British Guiana ; same locality and
collector. Same donor, 1913.

14. 11. 9. 2. Skull, with antlers and skin. Concei9ao,
Rio Araguaya, northern Brazil.

Presented ly the Para Museum, 1914.

B. Mazama amerieana jucunda.

Mazama amerieana jucunda, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8,
vol. xi, p. 587, 1913.

Typical locality Bopa Nova, Serra do Mar, Parana,
southern Brazil.

Distinguished from typical race by inferior size and
shorter skull, of which the basal length is about 202 mm.,
against from 205 to 210 mm. in former; coat of medium
length ; general colour bright rufous fawn ; limbs brown
above, rufous on pasterns ; tail dark rufous above.

3. 7. 1. 103. Skull and skin, immature female. Ropa
Nova, Serra do Mar, Parana ; collected, Sept. 9, 1901,
by Mr. A. Kobert. Type.

Presented ty Mrs. Percy Sladen, 1903.

3. 7. 1. 200. Skull and antlers. Same locality and
collector. Same history.



CERVID.K 203

The following specimens probably represent this or a nearly
allied brocket (? M. superciliaris) :

46. 6. 1. 23 (684,0). Skull, with antlers, and skin.
Santa Catherina, Brazil (between Parana and Eio Grande do
Sul) ; collected by Parzudaki. Purchased, 1846.

46. 6. 1. 24. Skin, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

46. 6. 1. 25 (684, /). Skull, young, and skin, old female.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

II. MAZAMA SUPEECILIAKIS.

Coassus superciliaris, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, p. 242, pi. xxv,
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, vol. ix, p. 432, 1852, Cat. Ungulata
Brit. Mus. p. 239, 1852, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 92, 1872,
Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 160, 1873.

Cervus (Subulo) superciliaris, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthiere, Suppl.
vol. v, p. 386, 1855.

Subulo superciliaris, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii,
pt. 1, p. 360, 1873, vol.'lxxix, pt. 1, p. 18, 1879.

Cariacus superciliaris, Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 926.

Mazama superciliaris, Lydekker, Deer of All Lands, p. 301, 1898,
Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 371, 1901.

Typical locality Brazil (? Santa Catherina).

Closely allied to the last, of which it is not improbably
merely a local variety or colour-phase ; general colour
shining brownish red; neck, chest, hocks, and fronts of
fore-legs whitish grey; forehead blackish, with a distinct
streak over each eye.

49. 1. 12. 35. Skull, with antlers, and skin, immature.
South America (? Santa Catherina, Brazil); collected by
Hultze. Type. If from Santa Catherina, this and the
following specimen are not even racially separable from the
foregoing specimens from the same locality.

Purchased, 1849.

49. 9. 3. 1-2. Skin and skull. Same locality and
collector. Same history.



204 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



III. MAZAMA ZETTA.

Mazama zetta, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. xi, p. 586,
1913.

Typical locality Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia.

Generally similar to M. americana, but build rather
stouter, and general colour browner and less rufous (rufous
brown), especially on head, ears, and neck, the head having
indistinct rufous markings ; skull shorter and stouter (basal
length 187-190 mm.), with shorter premaxilke, which but
rarely reach nasals. The question whether this brocket
might not be preferably regarded as a local race of
M. americana is reserved.

78. 8. 31. 1. Skin. Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia;
collected by Mr. J. K. Salmon. Purchased, 1878.

78. 8. 31. 2. Skin, formerly mounted, and skull, female.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

78. 8. 31. 3. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Type. Same history.

78. 8. 31. 3*. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

78. 8. 31. 13 (1700, a). Skeleton, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

78. 8. 31. 14 (1700, &). Skull, with antlers. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

85. 4. 22. 6-7. Two skulls, with antlers. Same locality
and collector. Purchased, 1885.

85. 4. 22. 8. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

14. 5. 28. 25. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Condoto,
Chaco, Colombia. Presented "by Dr. H. G. F. Spurrell, 1914.

14. 5. 28. 26. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.

The following specimens appear to indicate a brocket nearly
related to this race :

14. 4. 25. 80. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Gualaquiza.
Ecuador ; collected by Mr. G. Hammond.

Presented ly 0. Thomas, Esq., 1914,



CERVID.K 205

14. 4. 25. 81. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

14. 4. 25. 82. Skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

14. 4. 25. 83. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

IV. MAZAMA SHEILA.

Mazama sheila, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. xi, p. 587,
1913.

Typical locality near Merida, Venezuela.

A lowland-form distinguished from the three preceding
species by its inferior size (basal length of skull about
177 mm.), the normal direction of the hair of the nape, and
the pale bright rufous general colour ; skull of the short type
of that of M. zetta, with the premaxillae not reaching nasals.

1.3. 4. 24. 4. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Montana de
Limones, Merida ; collected by the Messrs. Briceno, October,
1910. Type. Purchased (Rosenberg), 1913.



V. MAZAMA TEMA.

Mazama tema, Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. vol. i, p. 44, 1817 ;
LydeJcJcer, Deer of All Lands, p. 302, 1898, Great and Small
Game of Europe, etc. p. 379, 1901, partim ; Miller, List N. Amer.
Mamm. p. 390, 1912; Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8,
vol. i, p. 349, 1908, vol. xi, p. 586, 1913.

Cervus huniboldtii, Wiegmann, Isis, 1833, p. 954, nomen nudum.
Cervus sartorii, Saussure, Rev. Mag. Zool. ser. 2, vol. xii, p. 252, 1860.

Subulo sartorii, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixxix,
pt. 1, p. 20, 1879.

Cariacus tema, Alston, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mamm. p. 118, 1879 ;
Rhoads, Amer. Nat. vol. xxviii, p. 526, 1894.

Cariacus rufinus, Alston, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mamm. p. 118, 1879 ;
True, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. vii, p. .592, 1885; nee Cervus
rufinus, Pucker an.

Mazama sartorii, Lydeklcer, Deer of All Lands, p. 303, pi. xxiv, fig. 2,
1898, Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 372, 1901 ; Elliot,
Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies (Field Mus. Zool. Pub.
vol. iv), p. 80, 1904.

Hippocamelus sartori, Elliot, ChecJc-List Mamm. N. Amer. etc.
(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. vi) p. 50, 1905, Cat. Mamm. Field
Mus. (ibid. vol. viii) p. 51, 1907.



206 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Typical locality Mexico, probably the State of Vera Cruz.

Smaller than M. americana, the shoulder-height ranging
from 25^ to 20 J inches ; hair of withers either normal or
reversed ; general colour bright shining brownish red ; neck,
throat, and chest fawn ; abdomen white ; outer sides of
hind-shanks, fronts of fore-legs, and lower part of face
shaded with bluish black ; tail like back above, white below ;
the usual white spots on lips ; antlers whitish horn-colour,
and less rugose than those of M. americana.

The distinctive features of this species are the small size,
the dark shading of the face and limbs, and the blackish red
(instead of whitish) throat.

The range includes southern Mexico and Central America.

The three races are distinguished as follows :

A. Size smaller, colour brighter and more rufescent... M. t. tema.

B. Size larger, colour duller and less rufescent M. t. reperticia.

c. Colour darker and redder than in either of the

preceding M. t. cerasina.

A. Mazama tema tema.

Mazama tema tema, Goldman, Smithson. Misc. Collect, vol. Ix,
no. 22, p. 2, 1913.

Typical locality southern Mexico.

Size relatively small ; colour bright and strongly rufescent.

88. 8. 8. 5. Skull, with antlers, and scalp-skin. Atoyac,
Vera Cruz, Mexico ; collected by Mr. H. H. Smith.

Presented "by Messrs. Salvin and Godman, 1888.

91. 3. 24. 2 (1700, d). Skull, with antlers, and skin,
formerly mounted. Guatemala ; collected by Boucard.

Purchased, 1891.

91. 3. 24. 3 (1700, e). Skull and skin, immature female.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

91. 3. 24. 4. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

93. 2. 5. 23. Skull and skin, the latter in the young
spotted coat. Sierra de Rosario, Jalisco, Mexico ; collected
by Dr. A. G. Buller. Purchased, 1893.



CERVID^ 207



B. Mazama tema reperticia.

Mazama tema reperfcicia, Goldman, Smithson. Misc. Collect, vol. Ix,
no. 22, p. 2, 1913.

Typical locality Gatun, Panama.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Somewhat larger than typical race, and duller and much
less rufescent in colour. Similar in size to M. pandora
(infra) but darker and with differences in skull ; larger
than M. bricenii (infra), with shorter coat, especially on
neck, less rich rufescent colour, and a smaller dark area on
face.

78. 7. 6. 4 (1700, c). Skull and skin, immature female.
Costa Eica ; collected by Mr. Eogers.

Presented by F. du Cane Godman, Esq., 1878.

C. Mazama tema cerasina.

Mazama tema cerasina, Hollister, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington,
vol. xxvii, p. 209, 1914.

Typical locality Talamanca, Costa Eica.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Distinguished from both the typical Mexican and the
Panama races by the darker and distinctly more reddish
general colour.

No specimen in collection.



VI. MAZAMA BEICENII.

Mazama bricenii, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. i, p. 349,
1908; PococJc, Proc. Zool. Soc.. 1910, p. 964; Osgood, Field
Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. x, p. 45, 1912; Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool.
vol. viii, no. 16, p. 34, 1913.

Typical locality Paramo de la Culata, Merida, Venezuela.

In general appearance and colour very like M. tema, but
size smaller (basal length of skull about 143 mm.), and
lachrymal pits of skull deeper, the whole skull being also
slighter with proportionately smaller orbits and the pre-
maxillre articulating extensively with nasals ; general colour
rich chestnut-rufous, with the head, ears, nape, fore-limbs,



208 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

and hind-shanks dark brown ; under-parts somewhat lighter ;
tail brown above, with a few rufous hairs.

5. 7. 5. 18. Skull and skin, young female. Merida ;
collected by Serior S. Bii9eno. Purchased (Rosenberg), 1905.

8. 6. 24. 5. Skull and skin, female. Paramo de la
Culata, Mexico (August, 1907) ; same collector.

Purchased (Rosenberg), 1908.

8. 6. 24. 6. Skull and skin, very young. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

13. 4. 24. 3. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Merida;
same collector. Purchased (Rosenberg), 1913.

VII. MAZAMA KUFINA.

Cervus rufinus, Pucheran, Arch. Mus. Paris, vol. vi, p. 491, 1852.
Coassus rufinus, Gray, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 162, 1873.
Subulo rufinus, Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii,

pt. 1, p. 162, 1873, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 17, 1879.
Cariacus rufinus, Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 925.
Mazarna rufina,* Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. i, p. 349,

1908, vol. xi, p. 586, 1913.

Typical locality Ecuador, at an elevation of about 11,000
feet.

Type in Paris Museum.

A mountain-form allied to, but larger than (shoulder-
height about 25J inches), M. bricenii.

77. 4. 3. 1. Skin, immature. Jima, Ecuador ; collected
by C. Buckley, Esq. Purchased, 1877.

96. 1. 28. 5*. Skull, probably referable to this species.
Ecuador ; figured by De Win ton, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1896,
p. 510, as Pudua mephistophiles, see Thomas, op. cit. 1908,
p. 350. Presented by L. Soderstrom, Esq,, 1896.



VIII. MAZAMA SIMPLICICOENIS.

Cervus simplicicornis, Illiger, Abh. Ak. Sci. Berlin, 1811, p. 107, 1815 f ;



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